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Adrian Kis, Stefanie Krick, Nathalie Baumlin, Matthias Salathe
Large-conductance, calcium-activated, and voltage-gated K(+) (BK) channels are expressed in many tissues of the human body, where they play important roles in signaling not only in excitable but also in nonexcitable cells. Because BK channel properties are rendered in part by their association with four β and four γ subunits, their channel function can differ drastically, depending on in which cellular system they are expressed. Recent studies verify the importance of apically expressed BK channels for airway surface liquid homeostasis and therefore of their significant role in mucociliary clearance...
April 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2015: Molecular Pharmacology
Jiyuan Zhang, Jiusheng Yan
The large-conductance, calcium- and voltage-activated potassium (BK) channel has the largest single-channel conductance among potassium channels and can be activated by both membrane depolarization and increases in intracellular calcium concentration. BK channels consist of pore-forming, voltage- and calcium-sensing α subunits, either alone or in association with regulatory subunits. BK channels are widely expressed in various tissues and cells including both excitable and non-excitable cells and display diverse biophysical and pharmacological characteristics...
2014: Frontiers in Physiology
Kirk W Evanson, John P Bannister, M Dennis Leo, Jonathan H Jaggar
RATIONALE: Smooth muscle cell (myocyte) large-conductance calcium (Ca)(2+)-activated potassium (BK) channels are functionally significant modulators of arterial contractility. Arterial myocytes express both pore-forming BKα and auxiliary β1 subunits, which increase channel Ca(2+) sensitivity. Recently, several leucine-rich repeat containing (LRRC) proteins have been identified as auxiliary γ subunits that elevate the voltage sensitivity of recombinant and prostate adenocarcinoma BK channels...
August 1, 2014: Circulation Research
Arjun Guha, Michelle Vasconcelos, Rui Zhao, Adam C Gower, Jayaraj Rajagopal, Wellington V Cardoso
Clara cells (CCs) are a morphologically and operationally heterogeneous population of Secretoglobin Scgb1a1-expressing secretory cells that are crucial for airway homeostasis and post-injury repair. Analysis of the extent and origin of CC diversity are limited by knowledge of genes expressed in these cells and their precursors. To identify novel putative markers of CCs and explore the origins of CC diversity, we characterized global changes in gene expression in embryonic lungs in which CCs do not form due to conditional disruption of Notch signaling (Rbpjk(CNULL))...
2014: PloS One
Dahis Manzanares, Maria Srinivasan, Samuel T Salathe, Pedro Ivonnet, Nathalie Baumlin, John S Dennis, Gregory E Conner, Matthias Salathe
Effective mucociliary clearance (MCC) depends in part on adequate airway surface liquid (ASL) volume to maintain an appropriate periciliary fluid height that allows normal ciliary activity. Apically expressed large-conductance, Ca(2+)-activated, and voltage-dependent K(+) (BK) channels provide an electrochemical gradient for Cl(-) secretion and thus play an important role for adequate airway hydration. Here we show that IFN-γ decreases ATP-mediated apical BK activation in normal human airway epithelial cells cultured at the air-liquid interface...
March 1, 2014: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Toshinori Hoshi, Yutao Tian, Rong Xu, Stefan H Heinemann, Shangwei Hou
Large-conductance Ca(2+)- and voltage-activated K(+) (BK) channels are well known for their functional versatility, which is bestowed in part by their rich modulatory repertoire. We recently showed that long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids such as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) found in oily fish lower blood pressure by activating vascular BK channels made of Slo1+β1 subunits. Here we examined the action of DHA on BK channels with different auxiliary subunit compositions. Neuronal Slo1+β4 channels were just as well activated by DHA as vascular Slo1+β1 channels...
March 19, 2013: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Jiusheng Yan, Richard W Aldrich
Molecular diversity of ion channel structure and function underlies variability in electrical signaling in nerve, muscle, and nonexcitable cells. Regulation by variable auxiliary subunits is a major mechanism to generate tissue- or cell-specific diversity of ion channel function. Mammalian large-conductance, voltage- and calcium-activated potassium channels (BK, K(Ca)1.1) are ubiquitously expressed with diverse functions in different tissues or cell types, consisting of the pore-forming, voltage- and Ca(2+)-sensing α-subunits (BKα), either alone or together with the tissue-specific auxiliary β-subunits (β1-β4)...
May 15, 2012: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Chengtao Yang, Xu-Hui Zeng, Yu Zhou, Xiao-Ming Xia, Christopher J Lingle
KSper, a pH-dependent K(+) current in mouse spermatozoa that is critical for fertility, is activated by alkalization in the range of pH 6.4-7.2 at membrane potentials between -50 and 0 mV. Although the KSper pore-forming subunit is encoded by the Slo3 gene, heterologously expressed Slo3 channels are largely closed at potentials negative to 0 mV at physiological pH. Here we identify a Slo3-associating protein, LRRC52 (leucine-rich repeat-containing 52), that shifts Slo3 gating into a range of voltages and pH values similar to that producing KSper current activation...
November 29, 2011: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Janos Almassy, Ted Begenisich
Large conductance, Ca(2+)-activated K channel proteins are involved in a wide range of physiological activities, so there is considerable interest in the pharmacology of large conductance calcium-activated K (BK) channels. One potent activator of BK channels is mallotoxin (MTX), which produces a very large hyperpolarizing shift of the voltage gating of heterologously expressed BK channels and causes a dramatic increase in the activity of BK channels in human smooth muscle cells. However, we found that MTX shifted the steady-state activation of BK channels in native parotid acinar cells by only 6 mV...
January 2012: Molecular Pharmacology
X-F Liu, L Xiang, Y Zhang, K G Becker, T K Bera, I Pastan
CAPC, also known as LRRC26, is expressed in normal prostate and salivary gland. We developed a mAb to CAPC and used it to characterize the protein and study its function. CAPC protein was detected in normal prostate and salivary gland, in several human breast cancer cell lines and in the prostate cancer cell line LNCaP. Knockdown of CAPC by siRNA in LNCaP cells enhanced anchorage-independent growth in soft agar. Conversely, overexpression of CAPC in MDA-231 breast cancer cells and A431 epidermoid cancer cells inhibited growth in soft agar and tumorigenesis in nude mice, and suppressed the metastasis of MDA-231 cells to the lung...
March 29, 2012: Oncogene
Jiusheng Yan, Richard W Aldrich
Large-conductance, voltage- and calcium-activated potassium (BK, or K(Ca)1.1) channels are ubiquitously expressed in electrically excitable and non-excitable cells, either as alpha-subunit (BKalpha) tetramers or together with tissue specific auxiliary beta-subunits (beta1-beta4). Activation of BK channels typically requires coincident membrane depolarization and elevation in free cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)), which are not physiological conditions for most non-excitable cells. Here we present evidence that in non-excitable LNCaP prostate cancer cells, BK channels can be activated at negative voltages without rises in [Ca(2+)](i) through their complex with an auxiliary protein, leucine-rich repeat (LRR)-containing protein 26 (LRRC26)...
July 22, 2010: Nature
Suresh Anaganti, Johanna K Hansen, Duc Ha, Yoonsoo Hahn, Oleg Chertov, Ira Pastan, Tapan K Bera
CAPC (also known as LRRC26) is a new gene with restricted expression in normal tissues, and with expression in many cancers and cancer cell lines. We have identified and characterized a short-transcript of CAPC (S-CAPC). The nucleotide sequence analysis of CAPC mRNA showed that the transcription for S-CAPC starts at position +610 on the L-CAPC transcript. Interestingly, no translation initiation codon 'AUG' is present in this transcript. To determine if a non-AUG start site is utilized, the S-CAPC sequence was cloned into an expression vector with C-terminal myc and histidine tags, and transfected into 293T cells...
March 13, 2009: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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