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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923565/sound-generator-associated-with-the-counseling-in-the-treatment-of-tinnitus-evaluation-of-the-effectiveness
#1
Andressa Vital Rocha, Maria Fernanda Capoani Garcia Mondelli
INTRODUCTION: The relations between the tinnitus and the hearing loss are due to the sensory deprivation caused by hearing loss, since this is followed by the functional and structural alteration of the auditory system as a whole. The cochlear lesions are accompanied by a reduction in the activity of the cochlear nerve, and the neural activity keeps increased in mainly all the central auditory nervous system to compensate this deficit. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to verify the effectiveness of the sound generator (SG) associated with the counseling in the treatment of the tinnitus in individuals with and without hearing loss regarding the improvement of the nuisance through Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS)...
November 11, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920720/validation-of-online-versions-of-tinnitus-questionnaires-translated-into-swedish
#2
Karolina Müller, Niklas K Edvall, Esma Idrizbegovic, Robert Huhn, Rilana Cima, Viktor Persson, Constanze Leineweber, Hugo Westerlund, Berthold Langguth, Winfried Schlee, Barbara Canlon, Christopher R Cederroth
Background: Due to the lack of objective measures for assessing tinnitus, its clinical evaluation largely relies on the use of questionnaires and psychoacoustic tests. A global assessment of tinnitus burden would largely benefit from holistic approaches that not only incorporate measures of tinnitus but also take into account associated fears, emotional aspects (stress, anxiety, and depression), and quality of life. In Sweden, only a few instruments are available for assessing tinnitus, and the existing tools lack validation...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917796/does-tinnitus-lead-to-depression
#3
Esra Temugan, Rabia B Yildirım, Hümeyra Onat, Merve Susuz, Cemre Elden, Selim Unsal, Nebi Mustafa Gumus, Mesut Kaya
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate the correlation between THI (Tinnitus Handicap Inventory) and BDS (Beck Depression Scale). MATERIALS AND METHODS: High frequency thresholds and PTA (Pure Tone Audiometer) thresholds for the patients were measured in 44 patients with tinnitus (bilateral=13; unilateral=31). Tinnitus frequency and intensity were measured using one-pair method with high frequency audiometer Interacoustic AC40. Applied BDS and THI scores are evaluated for all patients...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915580/a-crossover-trial-comparing-wide-dynamic-range-compression-and-frequency-compression-in-hearing-aids-for-tinnitus-therapy
#4
Shirley-Anne Hodgson, Regina Herdering, Giriraj Singh Shekhawat, Grant D Searchfield
PURPOSE: It has been suggested that frequency lowering may be a superior tinnitus reducing digital signal processing (DSP) strategy in hearing aids than conventional amplification. A crossover trial was undertaken to determine if frequency compression (FC) was superior to wide dynamic range compression (WDRC) in reducing tinnitus. METHOD: A 6-8-week crossover trial of two digital signal-processing techniques (WDRC and 2 WDRC with FC) was undertaken in 16 persons with high-frequency sensorineural hearing loss and chronic tinnitus...
January 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914909/benefits-pitfalls-and-risks-of-phytotherapy-in-clinical-practice-in-otorhinolaryngology
#5
O Laccourreye, A Werner, L Laccourreye, P Bonfils
OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the benefits, pitfalls and risks of phytotherapy in the clinical practice of otorhinolaryngology. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The PubMed and Cochrane databases were searched using the following keywords: phytotherapy, phytomedicine, herbs, otology, rhinology, laryngology, otitis, rhinitis, laryngitis and otorhinolaryngology. Seventy-two articles (18 prospective randomized studies, 4 Cochrane analyses, 4 meta-analysis and 15 reviews of the literature) devoted to clinical studies were analyzed...
November 30, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913314/audiologic-characteristics-in-a-sample-of-recently-separated-military-veterans-the-noise-outcomes-in-servicemembers-epidemiology-study-noise-study
#6
J S Gordon, S E Griest, E J Thielman, K C Carlson, W J Helt, M S Lewis, C Blankenship, D Austin, S M Theodoroff, J A Henry
Military Service Members are often exposed to high levels of occupational noise, solvents, and other exposures that can be damaging to the auditory system. Little is known about hearing loss and how it progresses in Veterans following military service. This epidemiology study is designed to evaluate and monitor a cohort of Veterans for 20 years or more to determine how hearing loss changes over time and how those changes are related to noise exposure and other ototoxic exposures encountered during military service...
November 29, 2016: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913068/occult-infratemporal-fossa-neurofibroma-presenting-with-persistent-unilateral-tinnitus-and-middle-ear-effusion-more-than-meets-the-eye
#7
Lucas P Carlstrom, Kathryn M Van Abel, Matthew L Carlson, Eric J Moore, Janalee K Stokken
Herein, we present the case of a previously healthy 54year-old female who developed several weeks of unilateral tinnitus and aural fullness. She subsequently underwent unilateral pressure equalization tube placement at an outside institution after exam demonstrated a middle ear effusion, conductive hearing loss and normal nasopharyngoscopy. Ultimately, an MRI revealed an occult mass in the infratemporal fossa (ITF), which was successfully removed via an endoscopic transnasal ITF approach. Following resection of a histopathologically confirmed benign neurofibroma, she reported complete resolution of her symptoms...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911239/microvascular-decompression-of-the-cochleovestibular-nerve-for-treatment-of-tinnitus-and-vertigo-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-individual-patient-data
#8
Minke J C van den Berge, J Marc C van Dijk, Iris A Posthumus, Nynke Smidt, Pim van Dijk, Rolien H Free
OBJECTIVE Microvascular decompression (MVD) is regarded as a valid treatment modality in neurovascular conflicts (NVCs) causing, for example, trigeminal neuralgia and hemifacial spasms. An NVC of the cochleovestibular nerve might cause tinnitus and/or vertigo; however, general acceptance of MVD for this indication is lacking. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness, safety, and prognostic factors for success of MVD of the cochleovestibular nerve. METHODS A systematic review and meta-analysis of individual patient data (IPD) were conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses and Individual Patient Data (PRISMA-IPD) guidelines...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910108/a-day-in-the-life-of-a-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-patient-understanding-the-lived-experiences-and-mental-health-impacts-of-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease
#9
Sarah L Bell, Jessica Tyrrell, Cassandra Phoenix
Concepts of social practice are increasingly being used to understand experiences of everyday life, particularly in relation to consumption and healthy lifestyles. This article builds on this in the context of lives disrupted and reshaped by chronic illness. It uses social practice theory to examine the lived experiences of individuals with Ménière's disease; a long-term progressive vestibular disorder, defined by episodes of severe and debilitating vertigo, aural fullness, tinnitus and sensorineural hearing loss...
December 2, 2016: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910089/bilateral-endolymphatic-hydrops-in-a-patient-with-migraine-variant-without-vertigo-a-case-report
#10
Isabelle Y Liu, Akira Ishiyama, Ali R Sepahdari, Kevin Johnson, Gail Ishiyama
OBJECTIVE: To use modern high-resolution inner ear imaging modalities to evaluate for endolymphatic hydrops (EH) in a patient with migraine-associated fluctuating hearing loss without vertigo spells or dizziness. BACKGROUND: EH has been well described in patients with Meniere's disease on both human temporal bone studies and modern high-resolution imaging; however, there is no study to date, to our knowledge, that examines the presence of EH in a patient with migraine and bilateral hearing loss...
December 2, 2016: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905540/the-effects-of-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-in-an-animal-model-of-tinnitus
#11
Wilhelmina H A M Mulders, Vanessa Vooys, Kalina Makowiecki, Alex D Tang, Jennifer Rodger
Tinnitus (phantom auditory perception associated with hearing loss) can seriously affect wellbeing. Its neural substrate is unknown however it has been linked with abnormal activity in auditory pathways. Though no cure currently exists, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been shown to reduce tinnitus in some patients, possibly via induction of cortical plasticity involving brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). We examined whether low intensity rTMS (LI-rTMS) alleviates signs of tinnitus in a guinea pig model and whether this involves changes in BDNF expression and hyperactivity in inferior colliculus...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905190/the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-non-imaging-screening-protocols-for-vestibular-schwannoma-in-patients-with-asymmetrical-hearing-loss-and-or-unilateral-audiovestibular-dysfunction-a-diagnostic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
M Hentschel, M Scholte, S Steens, H Kunst, M Rovers
BACKGROUND: Currently, all patients presenting with asymmetrical sensorineural hearing loss and/or unilateral audiovestibular dysfunction (i.e. tinnitus, dizziness) undergo MRI, leading to a substantial amount of MRIs with negative findings as the incidence of vestibular schwannoma (VS) in this screening population varies between 1% and 4.7% (i.e. more than 95% of MRIs are negative for VS). OBJECTIVE OF REVIEW: The aim was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of different non-imaging screening protocols that can be used prior to MRI to select patients at high risk of VS...
November 5, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904821/auditory-brainstem-response-and-late-latency-response-in-individuals-with-tinnitus-having-normal-hearing
#13
Sreeraj Konadath, Puttabasappa Manjula
Tinnitus is a commonly encountered complaint in routine audiology practice. The pathophysiology and exact generation site of tinnitus is not precisely established. Auditory brainstem response (ABR) and late latency response (LLR) findings in individuals with tinnitus show mixed results in the literature. Majority of studies have focused on individuals having tinnitus with peripheral hearing loss. The present study explores ABR and LLR characteristics among tinnitus patients with normal audiometric presentation; with no direct indication of any cochlear lesion...
November 2016: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898604/long-term-symptom-specific-outcomes-for-patients-with-petrous-apex-cholesterol-granulomas-surgery-versus-observation
#14
Shawn M Stevens, Amy Manning, Myles L Pensak, Ravi N Samy
OBJECTIVE: Review long-term symptom-specific outcomes for petrous apex cholesterol granulomas (PACG). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: Tertiary center. PATIENTS: Adults with PACG were assessed from 1998 to 2015. INTERVENTION(S): Symptomatic patients were stratified into surgical and observation subgroups. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Resolution rates of individual symptoms and chief complaints were assessed as was the impact of surgical approach and stent usage on symptom-specific outcomes...
November 24, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895575/can-animal-models-contribute-to-understanding-tinnitus-heterogeneity-in-humans
#15
REVIEW
Jos J Eggermont
The brain activity of humans with tinnitus of various etiologies is typically studied with electro- and magneto-encephalography and functional magnetic resonance imaging-based imaging techniques. Consequently, they measure population responses and mostly from the neocortex. The latter also underlies changes in neural networks that may be attributed to tinnitus. However, factors not strictly related to tinnitus such as hearing loss and hyperacusis, as well as other co-occurring disorders play a prominent role in these changes...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895002/impression-material-in-the-external-and-middle-ear-an-overview-of-the-literature-and-a-stepwise-approach-for-removal
#16
Froukje Verdam, Rinze Tange, Hans Thomeer
Here, we provide a literature overview of cases with protruding molding material for earplugs or hearing aids and subsequent required treatment, including our own cases. Patients at risk are those with impaired tympanic membranes or who previously underwent otologic surgery. Symptoms such as otalgia, tinnitus, and vertigo are alarming but do not always arise. In case of doubt, a CT scan is of additive value to prepare for adequate surgical removal and to limit potential damage. A stepwise approach for the clinician on how to address these challenging cases is presented, based upon the literature and our own experience...
November 28, 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895001/surgical-management-and-hearing-outcome-of-traumatic-ossicular-injuries
#17
Stefan Delrue, Nicolas Verhaert, Joost van Dinther, Andrzej Zarowski, Thomas Somers, Christian Desloovere, Erwin Offeciers
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate etiological, clinical, and pathological characteristics of traumatic injuries of the middle ear ossicular chain and to evaluate hearing outcome after surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty consecutive patients (31 ears) with traumatic ossicular injuries operated on between 2004 and 2015 in two tertiary referral otologic centers were retrospectively analyzed. Traumatic events, clinical features, ossicular lesions, treatment procedures, and audiometric results were evaluated...
November 28, 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894675/the-manifestation-of-vortical-and-secondary-flow-in-the-cerebral-venous-outflow-tract-an-in-vivo-mr-velocimetry-study
#18
Sarah Kefayati, Matthew Amans, Farshid Faraji, Megan Ballweber, Evan Kao, Sinyeob Ahn, Karl Meisel, Van Halbach, David Saloner
Aberrations in flow in the cerebral venous outflow tract (CVOT) have been implicated as the cause of several pathologic conditions including idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), multiple sclerosis (MS), and pulsatile tinnitus (PT). The advent of 4D flow magnetic resonance imaging (4D-flow MRI) has recently allowed researchers to evaluate blood flow patterns in the arterial structures with great success. We utilized similar imaging techniques and found several distinct flow characteristics in the CVOT of subjects with and without lumenal irregularities...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888040/evidence-that-hidden-hearing-loss-underlies-amplitude-modulation-encoding-deficits-in-individuals-with-and-without-tinnitus
#19
Brandon T Paul, Ian C Bruce, Larry E Roberts
Damage to auditory nerve fibers that expresses with suprathreshold sounds but is hidden from the audiogram has been proposed to underlie deficits in temporal coding ability observed among individuals with otherwise normal hearing, and to be present in individuals experiencing chronic tinnitus with clinically normal audiograms. We tested whether these individuals may have hidden synaptic losses on auditory nerve fibers with low spontaneous rates of firing (low-SR fibers) that are important for coding suprathreshold sounds in noise while high-SR fibers determining threshold responses in quiet remain relatively unaffected...
November 23, 2016: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886895/update-on-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension
#20
REVIEW
Michael Wall
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a disorder of elevated intracranial pressure of unknown cause occurring predominantly in young women of childbearing age. The typical patient symptom profile is the presence of daily headache, pulse synchronous tinnitus, transient visual obscurations, and papilledema with its associated visual loss. Although surgical procedures are performed for those who fail medical therapy, their relative efficacy remains unclear. The main morbidity of IIH is from visual loss...
February 2017: Neurologic Clinics
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