keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Rhoa

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528353/adrenomedullin-ameliorates-podocyte-injury-induced-by-puromycin-aminonucleoside-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-through-modulation-of-rho-gtpases
#1
Nan Dong, Lixia Meng, Ruqun Xue, Meng Yu, Zhonghua Zhao, Xueguang Liu
PURPOSE: Podocyte injury is a key event in proteinuric kidney disease and eventually glomerular scarring. While adrenomedullin (AM), a potent vasodilatory peptide, has been reported to confer renoprotection in several experimental models of kidney diseases, its effect on injured podocytes and the related mechanism is still largely unknown. METHODS: Employing Western blotting analysis, immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence, we investigated the effects of AM on the expressions of podocyte cytoskeletal proteins and Rho-family small GTPases (Rho GTPases) in puromycin aminonucleoside (PAN)-induced podocyte injury, both in cultured podocytes and in PAN nephrosis rats...
May 20, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526701/netrin-1-preserves-blood-brain-barrier-integrity-through-deleted-in-colorectal-cancer-focal-adhesion-kinase-rhoa-signaling-pathway-following-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-in-rats
#2
Zongyi Xie, Budbazar Enkhjargal, Cesar Reis, Lei Huang, Weifeng Wan, Jiping Tang, Yuan Cheng, John H Zhang
BACKGROUND: Netrin-1 (NTN-1) has been established to be a novel intrinsic regulator of blood-brain barrier (BBB) maintenance. This study was carried out to investigate the potential roles of exogenous NTN-1 in preserving BBB integrity after experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) as well as the underlying mechanisms of its protective effects. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 309 male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to an endovascular perforation model of SAH...
May 19, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526517/regulation-of-rhoa-rock-and-sustained-arterial-contraction-by-low-cytosolic-ca-2-levels-during-prolonged-depolarization-of-arterial-smooth-muscle
#3
Cristina Porras-González, Antonio Ordóñez, Antonio Castellano, Juan Ureña
The role of L-type Ca(2+) channels (LTCCs) and RhoA/Rho kinase (ROCK) on depolarization-induced sustained arterial contraction lasting several minutes is already known. However, in vivo, vascular smooth muscle cells can be depolarized for longer periods, inducing substantial inactivation of LTCCs and markedly reducing Ca(2+) influx into the myocytes. We have examined, in femoral arterial rings, the role of LTCCs and RhoA/ROCK during long-lasting depolarization. Our results reveal a new vasoreactive response after 20-30min of depolarization in 2...
May 16, 2017: Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522438/anti-inflammatory-effects-of-oxpapc-involve-endothelial-cell-mediated-generation-of-lxa4
#4
Yunbo Ke, Noureddine Zebda, Olga Oskokova, Taras Afonyushkin, Evgeny Berdyshev, Yufeng Tian, Fanyong Meng, Nicolene Sarich, Valery N Bochkov, Ji Ming Wang, Anna A Birukova, Konstantin G Birukov
Rationale: Oxidation of 1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine generates a group of bioactive oxidized phospholipid products (OxPAPC) with a broad range of biological activities. Barrier-enhancing and anti-inflammatory effects of OxPAPC on pulmonary endothelial cells (EC) are critical for prevention of acute lung injury caused by bacterial pathogens or excessive mechanical ventilation. Anti-inflammatory properties of OxPAPC are associated with its antagonistic effects on toll-like receptors and suppression of RhoA GTPase signaling...
May 18, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522256/sporadic-early-onset-diffuse-gastric-cancers-have-high-frequency-of-somatic-cdh1-alterations-but-low-frequency-of-somatic-rhoa-mutations-compared-with-late-onset-cancers
#5
Soo Young Cho, Jun Won Park, Yang Liu, Young Soo Park, Ju Hee Kim, Hanna Yang, Hyejin Um, Woo Ri Ko, Byung Il Lee, Sun Young Kwon, Seung Wan Ryu, Chae Hwa Kwon, Do Youn Park, Jae-Hyuk Lee, Sang Il Lee, Kyu Sang Song, Hoon Hur, Sang-Uk Han, Heekyung Chang, Su-Jin Kim, Byung-Sik Kim, Jeong-Hwan Yook, Moon-Won Yoo, Beom-Su Kim, In-Seob Lee, Myeong-Cherl Kook, Nina Thiessen, An He, Chip Stewart, Andrew Dunford, Jaegil Kim, Juliann Shih, Gordon Saksena, Andrew D Cherniack, Steven Schumacher, Amaro-Taylor Weiner, Mara Rosenberg, Gad Getz, Eun Gyeong Yang, Min Hee Ryu, Adam J Bass, Hark Kyun Kim
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Early-onset gastric cancer, which develops in younger patients than most gastric cancers, is usually detected at advanced stages, has diffuse histologic features, and occurs more frequently in women. We investigated somatic genomic alterations associated with the unique characteristics of sporadic diffuse gastric cancers (DGCs) from younger patients. METHODS: We conducted whole exome and RNA sequence analyses of 80 resected DGC samples from patients 45 years old or younger in Korea...
May 15, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518134/asic1-and-asic3-contribute-to-acidity-induced-emt-of-pancreatic-cancer-through-activating-ca-2-rhoa-pathway
#6
Shuai Zhu, Hai-Yun Zhou, Shi-Chang Deng, Shi-Jiang Deng, Chi He, Xiang Li, Jing-Yuan Chen, Yan Jin, Zhuang-Li Hu, Fang Wang, Chun-You Wang, Gang Zhao
Extracellular acid can have important effects on cancer cells. Acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs), which emerged as key receptors for extracellular acidic pH, are differently expressed during various diseases and have been implicated in underlying pathogenesis. This study reports that ASIC1 and ASIC3 are mainly expressed on membrane of pancreatic cancer cells and upregulated in pancreatic cancer tissues. ASIC1 and ASIC3 are responsible for an acidity-induced inward current, which is required for elevation of intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)]i)...
May 18, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512143/diverse-roles-of-guanine-nucleotide-exchange-factors-in-regulating-collective-cell-migration
#7
Assaf Zaritsky, Yun-Yu Tseng, M Angeles Rabadán, Shefali Krishna, Michael Overholtzer, Gaudenz Danuser, Alan Hall
Efficient collective migration depends on a balance between contractility and cytoskeletal rearrangements, adhesion, and mechanical cell-cell communication, all controlled by GTPases of the RHO family. By comprehensive screening of guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) in human bronchial epithelial cell monolayers, we identified GEFs that are required for collective migration at large, such as SOS1 and β-PIX, and RHOA GEFs that are implicated in intercellular communication. Down-regulation of the latter GEFs differentially enhanced front-to-back propagation of guidance cues through the monolayer and was mirrored by down-regulation of RHOA expression and myosin II activity...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511963/sirna-targeting-net1-reduces-the-angiogenesis-and-tumor-growth-of-in-vivo-cervical-squamous-cell-carcinoma-through-vegf-down-regulation
#8
Yuting Zhang, Pei Xia, Wenhui Zhang, Min Yan, Xiujuan Xiong, Weiwei Yu, Enlin Song
Net1, a guanine nucleotide exchange factor, is implicated in cancer cell invasion through activation of RhoA. However, there is still no report on the association between Net1 and cancer angiogenesis. The current study was designed to explore the roles of Net1 in the angiogenesis of cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) and further observe the effects of Net1 siRNA on the tumor growth. Net1 was overexpressed in CSCC samples (n=80), correlated to the cancer microvessel density (MVD, r=0.223, P=.026) and related to aggressive clinical behaviors, including depth of cervical wall invasion (P=...
May 13, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509344/cgmp-signalling-inhibits-platelet-shape-change-through-regulation-of-the-rhoa-rho-kinase-mlc-phosphatase-signalling-pathway
#9
Ahmed Aburima, Kochar Walladbegi, Jonathan D Wake, Khalid M Naseem
BACKGROUND: Platelet shape change, spreading and thrombus stability requires activation of the actin cytoskeleton contractile machinery. The mechanisms controlling actin assembly to prevent unwanted platelet activation are unclear. OBJECTIVES: We examined the effects of nitric oxide on the signalling pathways regulating platelet actin-myosin activation. RESULTS: S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) inhibited thrombin-induced platelet shape change and myosin phosphorylation of myosin light chain (MLC)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508825/abcs-of-rhogtpases-indicating-potential-role-as-oncotargets
#10
REVIEW
Indira Bora, Neeta Shrivastava
RhoGTPases also known as molecular switches represent a family of GTP-binding proteins. They shuttle between "On" and "Off" states. In the "On" state, they activate plethora of molecules. These proteins perform a wide variety of functions involving cytoskeletal modeling, cell motility, migration, and mitosis. Members of this family are referred as master regulators of many cellular activities. Due to wide variety of portfolios attributed to RhoGTPases, their misbehavior leads to initiation and also progression of metastatic cancers...
January 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506232/rp58-and-p27-kip1-coordinate-cell-cycle-exit-and-neuronal-migration-within-the-embryonic-mouse-cerebral-cortex
#11
Olivier Clément, Isabel Anne Hemming, Ivan Enghian Gladwyn-Ng, Zhengdong Qu, Shan Shan Li, Michael Piper, Julian Ik-Tsen Heng
BACKGROUND: During the development of the mammalian cerebral cortex, newborn postmitotic projection neurons are born from local neural stem cells and must undergo radial migration so as to position themselves appropriately to form functional neural circuits. The zinc finger transcriptional repressor Rp58 (also known as Znf238 or Zbtb18) is critical for coordinating corticogenesis, but its underlying molecular mechanism remains to be better characterised. FINDINGS: Here, we demonstrate that the co-expression of Rp58 and the cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor (CDKI) p27(kip1) is important for E14...
May 15, 2017: Neural Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504269/yap-regulates-cell-mechanics-by-controlling-focal-adhesion-assembly
#12
Giorgia Nardone, Jorge Oliver-De La Cruz, Jan Vrbsky, Cecilia Martini, Jan Pribyl, Petr Skládal, Martin Pešl, Guido Caluori, Stefania Pagliari, Fabiana Martino, Zuzana Maceckova, Marian Hajduch, Andres Sanz-Garcia, Nicola Maria Pugno, Gorazd Bernard Stokin, Giancarlo Forte
Hippo effectors YAP/TAZ act as on-off mechanosensing switches by sensing modifications in extracellular matrix (ECM) composition and mechanics. The regulation of their activity has been described by a hierarchical model in which elements of Hippo pathway are under the control of focal adhesions (FAs). Here we unveil the molecular mechanism by which cell spreading and RhoA GTPase activity control FA formation through YAP to stabilize the anchorage of the actin cytoskeleton to the cell membrane. This mechanism requires YAP co-transcriptional function and involves the activation of genes encoding for integrins and FA docking proteins...
May 15, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502648/control-of-astrocyte-morphology-by-rho-gtpases
#13
REVIEW
Andre Zeug, Franziska E Müller, Stefanie Anders, Michel K Herde, Daniel Minge, Evgeni Ponimaskin, Christian Henneberger
Astrocytes modulate and support neuronal and synapse function via numerous mechanisms that often rely on diffusion of signalling molecules, ions or metabolites through extracellular space. As a consequence, the spatial arrangement and the distance between astrocyte processes and neuronal structures is of functional importance. Likewise, changes of astrocyte structure will affect the ability of astrocytes to interact with neurons. In contrast to neurons, where rapid morphology changes are critically involved in many aspects of physiological brain function, a role of astrocyte restructuring in brain physiology is only beginning to emerge...
May 11, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502289/the-chronophin-activation-is-necessary-in-doxorubicin-induced-actin-cytoskeleton-alteration
#14
Su Jin Lee, Jeen Woo Park, Beom Sik Kang, Dong-Seok Lee, Hyun-Shik Lee, Sooyoung Choi, Oh-Shin Kwon
Although it is known that doxorubicin (Dox)-induced oxidative stress is associated with its cytotoxicity, the precise mechanism remains unclear. Genotoxic stress not only generates free radicals but also affects actin cytoskeleton stability. We showed that Dox-induced RhoA signaling stimulated actin cytoskeleton alterations resulting in central stress fiber disruption at early time points and later cortical actin formation at the cell periphery in HeLa cells. Interestingly, activation of a cofilin phosphatase, chronophin (CIN), was initially evoked by Dox-induced RhoA signaling, resulting in a rapid phosphorylated cofilin turnover leading to actin cytoskeleton remodeling...
May 15, 2017: BMB Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500843/bmpr2-promotes-invasion-and-metastasis-via-the-rhoa-rock-limk2-pathway-in-human-osteosarcoma-cells
#15
Shidong Wang, Tingting Ren, Guangjun Jiao, Yi Huang, Xing Bao, Fan Zhang, Kuisheng Liu, Bingxin Zheng, Kunkun Sun, Wei Guo
Bone morphogenetic protein receptor 2 (BMPR2) has been identified in several types of cancer. However, its role in osteosarcoma is largely unknown. We systematically investigated the role of BMPR2 in osteosarcoma cell lines, human tissue samples and xenograft models. The relationship between BMPR2 expression and osteosarcoma patients' survival was investigated by bioinformatics and clinical data. Wound healing assay and transwell assay were used to detect the changes of cell migration and invasion ability after BMPR2 transfection...
April 24, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500838/rnai-targeting-nogo-receptor-enhanced-survival-and-proliferation-of-murine-retinal-ganglion-cells-during-n-methyl-d-aspartateinduced-optic-nerve-crush
#16
Kun Zeng, Bo Zhong, Xiao Li Shen, Min Fang, Bao Tao Lin, Da Hui Ma
We investigated the effects of lentivirus-mediated RNAi targeting of Nogo Receptor (NgR) on the proliferation and survival of murine retinal ganglion cells (mRGCs) in vitro and in vivo. Cultured mRGCs and C57BL/6 male mice were divided into 4 experimental groups: blank, model [100 μM N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)], nscRNA (100 μM NMDA+ nscRNA vectors) and siNgR (100 μM NMDA+ siNgR vectors). CCK-8 and flow cytometry analyses revealed that silencing NgR enhanced proliferation, cell cycling and survival of NMDA-treated mRGCs...
April 21, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500065/loss-of-mpdz-impairs-ependymal-cell-integrity-leading-to-perinatal-onset-hydrocephalus-in-mice
#17
Anja Feldner, M Gordian Adam, Fabian Tetzlaff, Iris Moll, Dorde Komljenovic, Felix Sahm, Tobias Bäuerle, Hiroshi Ishikawa, Horst Schroten, Thomas Korff, Ilse Hofmann, Hartwig Wolburg, Andreas von Deimling, Andreas Fischer
Hydrocephalus is a common congenital anomaly. LCAM1 and MPDZ (MUPP1) are the only known human gene loci associated with non-syndromic hydrocephalus. To investigate functions of the tight junction-associated protein Mpdz, we generated mouse models. Global Mpdz gene deletion or conditional inactivation in Nestin-positive cells led to formation of supratentorial hydrocephalus in the early postnatal period. Blood vessels, epithelial cells of the choroid plexus, and cilia on ependymal cells, which line the ventricular system, remained morphologically intact in Mpdz-deficient brains...
May 12, 2017: EMBO Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499918/cul3-neddylation-is-crucial-for-gradual-lipid-droplet-formation-during-adipogenesis
#18
Dawadschargal Dubiel, Willem Bintig, Thilo Kähne, Wolfgang Dubiel, Michael Naumann
Cullin 3 (Cul3) belongs to the family of cullins (Cul1-7) providing the scaffold for cullin-RING ubiquitin (Ub) ligases (CRLs), which are activated by neddylation and represent essential E3 ligases of the Ub proteasome system. During adipogenic differentiation neddylated Cul3 accumulates in LiSa-2 preadipocytes. Downregulation of Cul3 and inhibition of neddylation by MLN4924 blocks the formation of lipid droplets (LDs), the lipid storage organelles and markers of adipogenesis. Neddylation of Cul3 coincides with an increase of Rab18, a GTPase associated with LDs...
May 9, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498971/deletion-of-rhoa-in-progesterone-receptor-expressing-cells-leads-to-luteal-insufficiency-and-infertility-in-female-mice
#19
Ahmed E El Zowalaty, Rong Li, Yi Zheng, John P Lydon, Francesco J DeMayo, Xiaoqin Ye
RhoA is widely expressed throughout the female reproductive system. To assess its role in progesterone receptor (Pgr) expressing cells, we generated RhoA conditional knockout mice RhoAd/d (RhoAf/f-Pgr-Cre+/-). RhoAd/d females had comparable mating activity, serum LH, prolactin, and estradiol levels and ovulation with control but were infertile with progesterone insufficiency, indicating impaired steroidogenesis in RhoAd/d corpus luteum (CL). RhoA was highly expressed in wild type luteal cells and conditionally deleted in RhoAd/d CL...
May 11, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498638/assessing-the-influence-of-mutation-on-gtpase-transition-states-using-x-ray-19f-nmr-and-dft-approaches
#20
Jonathan P Waltho, Yi Jin, Robert W Molt, Erika Pellegrini, Matthew J Cliff, Matthew W Bowler, Nigel G J Richards, G Michael Blackburn
We report X-ray crystallographic and 19F NMR studies of RhoA complexed with MgF3-, GDP, and RhoGAP having the mutation Arg85'Ala, which, when combined with DFT calculations, permit the identification of changes in TS properties. Thus, X-ray shows how Tyr34 maintains solvent exclusion and the core H-bond network in the active site by relocating to replace the missing Arg85' sidechain. 19F NMR data show deshielding effects that indicate the main function of Arg85´ is electronic polarization of the transferring phosphoryl group, primarily mediated by H-bonding to O3G and thence to PG...
May 12, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
keyword
keyword
1307
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"