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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529424/plaque-like-giant-dermatofibroma-a-case-report
#1
Vinitha Varghese Panicker, Andezhuthu Divakaran Dharmaratnam, N V Seethalekshmy
Dermatofibroma, also known as benign fibrous histiocytoma, is a soft-tissue tumour that usually occurs in the mid-adult life and shows a slight female predominance. Giant dermatofibroma, a very rare clinical variant, is characterised by its unusually large size, benign biological behaviour despite its large size and same histopathological characteristics as conventional dermatofibroma. We report a 63-year-old woman who presented with a large tumour on the scapular region which showed histopathological features of benign dermatofibroma...
January 2017: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529360/twelve-month-prevalence-and-treatment-gap-for-common-mental-disorders-findings-from-a-large-scale-epidemiological-survey-in-india
#2
Rajesh Sagar, Raman Deep Pattanayak, R Chandrasekaran, Pranit K Chaudhury, Balbir S Deswal, R K Lenin Singh, Savita Malhotra, S Haque Nizamie, Bharat N Panchal, T P Sudhakar, J K Trivedi, Mathew Varghese, Jagdish Prasad, Somnath Chatterji
BACKGROUND: Common mental disorders, such as mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders, are significant contributors to disability globally, including India. Available research is, however, limited by methodological issues and heterogeneities. AIM: The present paper focuses on the 12-month prevalence and 12-month treatment for anxiety, mood, and substance use disorders in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: As part of the World Health Organization World Mental Health (WMH) Survey Initiative, in India, the study was conducted at eleven sites...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526632/erythrocytosis-following-testosterone-therapy
#3
REVIEW
Samuel J Ohlander, Bibin Varghese, Alexander W Pastuszak
INTRODUCTION: A rapid increase in awareness of androgen deficiency has led to substantial increases in prescribing of testosterone therapy (TTh), with benefits of improvements in mood, libido, bone density, muscle mass, body composition, energy, and cognition. However, TTh can be limited by its side effects, particularly erythrocytosis. This review examines the literature on testosterone-induced erythrocytosis and polycythemia. AIM: To review the available literature on testosterone-induced erythrocytosis, discuss possible mechanisms for pathophysiology, determine the significance of formulation, and elucidate potential thromboembolic risk...
May 16, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526461/-anesthesia-in-a-child-operated-for-cleft-lip-associated-with-patau-s-syndrome
#4
Manoj Kamal, Don Varghese, Jeet Bhagde, Geeta Singariya, Annie Miju Simon, Amar Singh
Patients with Patau's syndrome (Trisomy 13) have multiple craniofacial, cardiac, neurological and renal anomalies with very less life expectancy. Among craniofacial anomalies cleft lip and palate are common. These craniofacial and cardiac anomalies present difficulties with anesthesia. We therefore describe the anesthetic management in the case of a Trisomy 13 child for operated for cleft lip at 10 months of age.
May 16, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524162/targeted-sequencing-based-analyses-of-candidate-gene-variants-in-ulcerative-colitis-associated-colorectal-neoplasia
#5
Sanjiban Chakrabarty, Vinay Koshy Varghese, Pranoy Sahu, Pradyumna Jayaram, Bhadravathi M Shivakumar, Cannanore Ganesh Pai, Kapaettu Satyamoorthy
BACKGROUND: Long-standing ulcerative colitis (UC) leading to colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most serious and life-threatening consequences acknowledged globally. Ulcerative colitis-associated colorectal carcinogenesis showed distinct molecular alterations when compared with sporadic colorectal carcinoma. METHODS: Targeted sequencing of 409 genes in tissue samples of 18 long-standing UC subjects at high risk of colorectal carcinoma (UCHR) was performed to identify somatic driver mutations, which may be involved in the molecular changes during the transformation of non-dysplastic mucosa to high-grade dysplasia...
May 18, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511386/assessment-of-disease-severity-and-role-of-cytomegalo-virus-infection-in-patients-with-ulcerative-colitis
#6
Nobin Babu Kalappurayil, Jino Thomas, Baburajan Mankuni, Varghese Thomas
INTRODUCTION: Course of Ulcerative Colitis is characterized by intermittent flares interposed between variable periods of remission. Identification of exacerbating factors and appropriate assessment of disease activity are crucial in deciding the choice of treatment. AIM: To evaluate various clinical, endoscopic and histological parameters in assessing disease activity and to find out various risk factors involved in the exacerbation of ulcerative colitis especially the role of Cytomegalo Virus (CMV) infection...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508237/development-of-a-unifying-target-and-consensus-indicators-for-global-surgical-systems-strengthening-proposed-by-the-global-alliance-for-surgery-obstetric-trauma-and-anaesthesia-care-the-g4-alliance
#7
REVIEW
Adil Haider, John W Scott, Colin D Gause, Mira Meheš, Grace Hsiung, Albulena Prelvukaj, Dana Yanocha, Lauren M Baumann, Faheem Ahmed, Na'eem Ahmed, Sara Anderson, Herve Angate, Lisa Arfaa, Horacio Asbun, Tigistu Ashengo, Kisembo Asuman, Ruben Ayala, Stephen Bickler, Saul Billingsley, Peter Bird, Matthijs Botman, Marilyn Butler, Jo Buyske, Angelo Capozzi, Kathleen Casey, Charles Clayton, James Cobey, Michael Cotton, Dan Decklebaum, Milliard Derbew, Catherine deVries, Jeanne Dillner, Max Downham, Natalie Draisin, David Echinard, Sohier Elneil, Ahmed ElSayed, Abigail Estelle, Allen Finley, Erica Frenkel, Philip K Frykman, Florin Gheorghe, Julian Gore-Booth, Richard Henker, Jaymie Henry, Orion Henry, Laura Hoemeke, David Hoffman, Iko Ibanga, Eric V Jackson, Pankaj Jani, Walter Johnson, Andrew Jones, Zeina Kassem, Asuman Kisembo, Abbey Kocan, Sanjay Krishnaswami, Robert Lane, Asad Latif, Barbara Levy, Dimitrios Linos, Peter Linz, Louis A Listwa, Declan Magee, Emmanuel Makasa, Michael L Marin, Claude Martin, Kelly McQueen, Jaime Morgan, Richard Moser, Robert Neighbor, William M Novick, Stephen Ogendo, Akinyinka Omigbodun, Bisola Onajin-Obembe, Neil Parsan, Beverly K Philip, Raymond Price, Shahnawaz Rasheed, Marjorie Ratel, Cheri Reynolds, Steven M Roser, Jackie Rowles, Lubna Samad, John Sampson, Harshadkumar Sanghvi, Marchelle L Sellers, David Sigalet, Bruce C Steffes, Erin Stieber, Mamta Swaroop, John Tarpley, Asha Varghese, Julie Varughese, Richard Wagner, Benjamin Warf, Neil Wetzig, Susan Williamson, Joshua Wood, Anne Zeidan, Lewis Zirkle, Brendan Allen, Fizan Abdullah
After decades on the margins of primary health care, surgical and anaesthesia care is gaining increasing priority within the global development arena. The 2015 publications of the Disease Control Priorities third edition on Essential Surgery and the Lancet Commission on Global Surgery created a compelling evidenced-based argument for the fundamental role of surgery and anaesthesia within cost-effective health systems strengthening global strategy. The launch of the Global Alliance for Surgical, Obstetric, Trauma, and Anaesthesia Care in 2015 has further coordinated efforts to build priority for surgical care and anaesthesia...
May 15, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500800/first-insight-into-the-fluoroquinolone-and-aminoglycoside-resistance-of-multidrug-resistant-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-in-saudi-arabia
#8
Bright Varghese, Sahal Al-Hajoj
AbstractIn Saudi Arabia, there were no nationwide screening studies conducted so far to determine the aminoglycoside and fluoroquinolone resistance among multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) isolates. Therefore, as the first attempt in the country, a retrospective analysis has been conducted on a nationwide collection of 2,956 M. tuberculosis clinical isolates screened with phenotypic drug susceptibility testing to define MDR-TB. Enrolled MDR-TB isolates were subjected to second-line drug susceptibility testing, detection of mutations conferring resistance to aminoglycosides and fluoroquinolone, followed by 24-loci mycobacterial interspersed repetitive unit-variable number of tandem repeat typing and spoligotyping...
May 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492482/chromatin-switches-during-neural-cell-differentiation-and-their-dysregulation-by-prenatal-alcohol-exposure
#9
REVIEW
David P Gavin, Dennis R Grayson, Sajoy P Varghese, Marina Guizzetti
Prenatal alcohol exposure causes persistent neuropsychiatric deficits included under the term fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). Cellular identity emerges from a cascade of intrinsic and extrinsic (involving cell-cell interactions and signaling) processes that are partially initiated and maintained through changes in chromatin structure. Prenatal alcohol exposure influences neuronal and astrocyte development, permanently altering brain connectivity. Prenatal alcohol exposure also alters chromatin structure through histone and DNA modifications...
May 11, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491240/high-quality-permanent-draft-genome-sequence-of-chryseobacterium-bovis-dsm-19482-t-isolated-from-raw-cow-milk
#10
Sivan Laviad-Shitrit, Markus Göker, Marcel Huntemann, Alicia Clum, Manoj Pillay, Krishnaveni Palaniappan, Neha Varghese, Natalia Mikhailova, Dimitrios Stamatis, T B K Reddy, Chris Daum, Nicole Shapiro, Victor Markowitz, Natalia Ivanova, Tanja Woyke, Hans-Peter Klenk, Nikos C Kyrpides, Malka Halpern
Chryseobacterium bovis DSM 19482(T) (Hantsis-Zacharov et al., Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 58:1024-1028, 2008) is a Gram-negative, rod shaped, non-motile, facultative anaerobe, chemoorganotroph bacterium. C. bovis is a member of the Flavobacteriaceae, a family within the phylum Bacteroidetes. It was isolated when psychrotolerant bacterial communities in raw milk and their proteolytic and lipolytic traits were studied. Here we describe the features of this organism, together with the draft genome sequence and annotation...
2017: Standards in Genomic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489295/a-ph-responsive-dnasome-from-the-self-assembly-of-dna-phenyleneethynylene-hybrid-amphiphile
#11
Reji Varghese, Shine K Albert, Murali Golla, Hari Veera Prasad Thelu, Nithiyanandan Krishnan
A pH-responsive DNAsome derived from the amphiphilicity-driven self-assembly of DNA amphiphile containing C-rich DNA sequence is reported. The acidification of DNAsome induces a structural change of C-rich DNA from random coil to an i-motif structure that triggers the disassembly of DNAsome and its subsequent morphological transformation into an open entangled network. The encapsulation of a hydrophobic guest into the membrane of DNAsome and its pH-triggered release upon acidification of DNAsome is also demonstrated...
May 10, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485335/radical-chemo-irradiation-using-intensity-modulated-radiotherapy-for-locally-advanced-head-and-neck-cancer-in-elderly-patients-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-south-india
#12
J R Chalissery, P C Sudheeran, K M Varghese, K Venkatesan
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility, tolerance and response of radical chemo irradiation using Intensity modulated Radiotherapy [IMRT] in elderly patients [age >65] with locally advanced head and neck cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients aged 65 and above [range 65 to 84years] registered in oncology outpatient unit in our institution between December 2011 to 2014, with stage III and IV head and neck cancer were treated with radical dose of radiotherapy using IMRT and concurrent chemotherapy with cisplatin 40mg/sq...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484009/in-vivo-engineering-of-bone-tissues-with-hematopoietic-functions-and-mixed-chimerism
#13
Yu-Ru Shih, Heemin Kang, Vikram Rao, Yu-Jui Chiu, Seong Keun Kwon, Shyni Varghese
Synthetic biomimetic matrices with osteoconductivity and osteoinductivity have been developed to regenerate bone tissues. However, whether such systems harbor donor marrow in vivo and support mixed chimerism remains unknown. We devised a strategy to engineer bone tissues with a functional bone marrow (BM) compartment in vivo by using a synthetic biomaterial with spatially differing cues. Specifically, we have developed a synthetic matrix recapitulating the dual-compartment structures by modular assembly of mineralized and nonmineralized macroporous structures...
May 8, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482105/epidemiology-and-clinical-features-of-human-coronaviruses-in-the-pediatric-population
#14
Litty Varghese, Philip Zachariah, Celibell Vargas, Philip LaRussa, Ryan T Demmer, Yoko E Furuya, Susan Whittier, Carrie Reed, Melissa S Stockwell, Lisa Saiman
Background.: The epidemiology and clinical features of human coronaviruses (HCoVs) in children are not fully characterized. Methods.: A retrospective study of children with HCoV detected by reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was performed for a community cohort and a children's hospital in the same community from January 2013 to December 2014. The RT-PCR assay detected HCoV 229E, HKU1, NL63, and OC43 in nasal swabs from symptomatic children ≤18 years...
May 8, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481359/mutational-landscape-of-metastatic-cancer-revealed-from-prospective-clinical-sequencing-of-10-000-patients
#15
Ahmet Zehir, Ryma Benayed, Ronak H Shah, Aijazuddin Syed, Sumit Middha, Hyunjae R Kim, Preethi Srinivasan, Jianjiong Gao, Debyani Chakravarty, Sean M Devlin, Matthew D Hellmann, David A Barron, Alison M Schram, Meera Hameed, Snjezana Dogan, Dara S Ross, Jaclyn F Hechtman, Deborah F DeLair, JinJuan Yao, Diana L Mandelker, Donavan T Cheng, Raghu Chandramohan, Abhinita S Mohanty, Ryan N Ptashkin, Gowtham Jayakumaran, Meera Prasad, Mustafa H Syed, Anoop Balakrishnan Rema, Zhen Y Liu, Khedoudja Nafa, Laetitia Borsu, Justyna Sadowska, Jacklyn Casanova, Ruben Bacares, Iwona J Kiecka, Anna Razumova, Julie B Son, Lisa Stewart, Tessara Baldi, Kerry A Mullaney, Hikmat Al-Ahmadie, Efsevia Vakiani, Adam A Abeshouse, Alexander V Penson, Philip Jonsson, Niedzica Camacho, Matthew T Chang, Helen H Won, Benjamin E Gross, Ritika Kundra, Zachary J Heins, Hsiao-Wei Chen, Sarah Phillips, Hongxin Zhang, Jiaojiao Wang, Angelica Ochoa, Jonathan Wills, Michael Eubank, Stacy B Thomas, Stuart M Gardos, Dalicia N Reales, Jesse Galle, Robert Durany, Roy Cambria, Wassim Abida, Andrea Cercek, Darren R Feldman, Mrinal M Gounder, A Ari Hakimi, James J Harding, Gopa Iyer, Yelena Y Janjigian, Emmet J Jordan, Ciara M Kelly, Maeve A Lowery, Luc G T Morris, Antonio M Omuro, Nitya Raj, Pedram Razavi, Alexander N Shoushtari, Neerav Shukla, Tara E Soumerai, Anna M Varghese, Rona Yaeger, Jonathan Coleman, Bernard Bochner, Gregory J Riely, Leonard B Saltz, Howard I Scher, Paul J Sabbatini, Mark E Robson, David S Klimstra, Barry S Taylor, Jose Baselga, Nikolaus Schultz, David M Hyman, Maria E Arcila, David B Solit, Marc Ladanyi, Michael F Berger
Tumor molecular profiling is a fundamental component of precision oncology, enabling the identification of genomic alterations in genes and pathways that can be targeted therapeutically. The existence of recurrent targetable alterations across distinct histologically defined tumor types, coupled with an expanding portfolio of molecularly targeted therapies, demands flexible and comprehensive approaches to profile clinically relevant genes across the full spectrum of cancers. We established a large-scale, prospective clinical sequencing initiative using a comprehensive assay, MSK-IMPACT, through which we have compiled tumor and matched normal sequence data from a unique cohort of more than 10,000 patients with advanced cancer and available pathological and clinical annotations...
May 8, 2017: Nature Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480080/deformable-nanovesicles-synthesized-through-an-adaptable-microfluidic-platform-for-enhanced-localized-transdermal-drug-delivery
#16
Naren Subbiah, Jesus Campagna, Patricia Spilman, Mohammad Parvez Alam, Shivani Sharma, Akishige Hokugo, Ichiro Nishimura, Varghese John
Phospholipid-based deformable nanovesicles (DNVs) that have flexibility in shape offer an adaptable and facile method to encapsulate diverse classes of therapeutics and facilitate localized transdermal delivery while minimizing systemic exposure. Here we report the use of a microfluidic reactor for the synthesis of DNVs and show that alteration of input parameters such as flow speeds as well as molar and flow rate ratios increases entrapment efficiency of drugs and allows fine-tuning of DNV size, elasticity, and surface charge...
2017: Journal of Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476964/inhibitory-effect-of-tio2-nps-on-symbiotic-arbuscular-mycorrhizal-fungi-in-plant-roots
#17
Karathan Parakkandi Priyanka, Variampally Sankar Harikumar, Kagalagodu Manjunthiah Balakrishna, Thomas Varghese
While nanoparticles (NPs) are known to exhibit antimicrobial properties, their effects on symbiotic arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) in plant roots has to be carefully examined as NPs particularly of titanium dioxide (TiO2) reach plant roots through varied sources such as fertilisers, plant protection products and other nanoproducts. The objective of the present study is to assess the effect of TiO2 NPs on the symbiotic behaviour of AMF colonising rice (Oryza sativa L.) plants. Using sol-gel method, TiO2 NPs with three different sizes were successfully synthesised employing doping...
February 2017: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474968/additive-effect-of-plasma-rich-in-growth-factors-with-guided-tissue-regeneration-in-treatment-of-intrabony-defects-in-chronic-periodontitis-patients-a-split-mouth-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#18
Sheethalan Ravi, Sankari Malaiappan, Sheeja Varghese, N D Jayakumar, Gopinath Prakasam
BACKGROUND: Periodontal regeneration can be defined as the complete restoration of lost periodontal tissues to their original architecture and function. Variety of treatment modalities have been proposed to achieve it. Plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF) is a concentrated suspension of growth factors that promotes restoration of the lost periodontal tissues. The objective of the present study was to assess the effect of Plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF) associated with Guided Tissue regeneration (GTR) versus GTR only in the treatment of intrabony defects in chronic periodontitis patients...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474661/aberrant-right-subclavian-artery-syndrome-manifesting-as-focal-tracheomalacia
#19
Arjun Padmanabhan, Abin Varghese Thomas, G S K Sandeep
Tracheomalacia is one of the rarest etiologies of chronic cough. Herein, we present the case of an elderly woman with chronic cough who on detailed evaluation was found to have focal (localized) tracheomalacia due to compression by an aberrant right subclavian artery (arteria lusoria). The absence of dysphagia in this patient also deserves particular mention.
May 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474633/echocardiographic-abnormalities-in-cirrhosis-their-correlation-with-severity-of-cirrhosis-using-child-pugh-score-among-patients-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#20
Jagruti Balde, N Karthik Rao, Kirthinath Ballala, Jyothi Samanth, K Ranjan Shetty, Navin Patil, A Avinash, George Varghese
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Child-Pugh score (CPS) is a widely used prognostic marker in cases of cirrhosis and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). However, the role of this score in the quantification of severity of PAH is not well studied. In mild cases, echocardiography is more sensitive. This study was done to assess the association between echocardiography and severity of cirrhosis using CPS. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done from April to June 2014 in 42 patients with cirrhosis using a pre-tested semi-structured interview schedule...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
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