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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666043/mobile-app-usage-patterns-of-patients-prescribed-a-smoking-cessation-medicine-prospective-observational-study
#1
Marianna Bruno, Marcia Wright, Christine L Baker, Birol Emir, Eric Carda, Michelle Clausen, Catherine Sigler, Aanal Patel
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is the leading preventable cause of death and is responsible for more than 480,000 deaths per year in the United States. Smoking cessation is challenging for many patients. Regardless of available treatment options, most quit attempts are unaided, and it takes multiple attempts before a patient is successful. With the ever-increasing use of smartphones, mobile apps hold promise in supporting cessation efforts. This study evaluates the ease of use and user satisfaction with the Pfizer Meds app to support smoking cessation among patients prescribed varenicline (Chantix)...
April 17, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665557/negative-effects-of-artemisinin-on-phosphorus-solubilizing-bacteria-in-vitro
#2
Huiwen Zeng, Ling Yuan, Jianguo Huang
The anti-malarial drug artemisinin is extracted from the leaves of Artemisia annua L. Due to toxicity to some microorganisms, the release of artemisinin from this medicinal plant in commercial cultivation might produce a potential risk for phosphorus (P) solubilizing bacteria (PSB). Therefore, the growth, P mobilization, and proton and organic acid efflux by two PSB isolates, Bacillus subtilis and Pseudomonas fluorescens, obtained from the soil without growing A. annua L. in history in the region for growing A...
April 14, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659828/the-next-generation-of-precision-medicine-observational-studies-electronic-health-records-biobanks-and-continuous-monitoring
#3
Benjamin S Glicksberg, Kipp W Johnson, Joel T Dudley
Precision medicine can utilize new techniques in order to more effectively translate research findings into clinical practice. In this article, we first explore the limitations of traditional study designs, which stem from (to name a few): massive cost for the assembly of large patient cohorts; non-representative patient data; and the astounding complexity of human biology. Second, we propose that harnessing electronic health records and mobile device biometrics coupled to longitudinal data may prove to be a solution to many of these problems by capturing a "real world" phenotype...
April 12, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658672/-present-situation-and-prospect-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-in-pancreatic-surgery
#4
Mengyu Feng, Taiping Zhang, Yupei Zhao
Enhanced recovery after surgery is a multimodal perioperative strategy according to the evidence-based medicine and multidisciplinary collaboration, aiming to improve the restoration of functional capacity after surgery by reducing surgical stress, optimal control of pain, early oral diet and early mobilization. Compared with other sub-specialty in general surgery, pancreatic surgery is characterized by complex disease, highly difficult procedure and more postoperative complications. Accordingly, pancreatic surgery shares a slow development in enhanced recovery after surgery...
May 25, 2017: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652725/therapeutic-strategies-involving-uterine-stem-cells-in-reproductive-medicine
#5
Michael Simoni, Hugh S Taylor
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current review provides an update on recent advances in stem cell biology relevant to female reproduction. RECENT FINDINGS: Stem cells are undifferentiated cells that often serve as a reservoir of cells to regenerate tissue in settings or injury or cell loss. The endometrium has progenitor stem cells that can replace all of the endometrium during each menstrual cycle. In addition, multipotent endometrial cells replace these progenitor cells when depleted...
April 12, 2018: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651894/roller-massage-a-descriptive-survey-of-allied-health-professionals
#6
Scott W Cheatham
BACKGROUND: In sports medicine, the interprofessional care of athletes has become a frequent practice. This type of care often involves different interventions used among professionals. One common intervention prescribed is roller massage (RM) or self-myofascial release. The trends in the use of RM among allied health professionals is non-existent. The surveillance of such responses has not been documented. PURPOSE: To survey and document responses in the knowledge, clinical application, and use of RM devices among allied health professionals in the United States...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623100/youth-health-outcomes-from-the-connect-to-protect-coalitions-to-prevent-adolescent-hiv-infections
#7
Robin Lin Miller, Kyung-Sook Lee, Danielle Chiaramonte, Olga J Santiago-Rivera, Ignacio Acevedo-Polakovich, Cherrie B Boyer, Jonathan M Ellen
We assessed the relationships among HIV-related social and behavioral outcomes resulting from an adolescent-focused HIV structural change initiative in eight urban sites operating Connect to Protect (C2P) coalitions. Over a 4-year period, annual cross-sectional panels of adolescents (N = 2,248) completed an audio-computer-assisted interview, providing data on satisfaction with their communities as adolescent-supportive environments, internalized HIV stigma, lifetime HIV-testing, lifetime sexual risk-taking, and number of sexual partners in the prior year...
2018: Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619928/studies-of-upper-limb-pain-in-occupational-medicine-in-general-practice-and-among-computer-operators
#8
Jørgen Riis Jepsen
Diagnostic consensus criteria cannot be applied in a major proportion of patients with upper limb complaints, many of which are regarded as "non-specific". The three empirical studies in this thesis aimed to address this diagnostic challenge by incorporating representative neurological qualities in the physical examination.
Patterns of muscle weakness, sensory abnormalities and nerve trunk allodynia based on the nerves' topography and their motor and cutaneous innervation were defined to reflect peripheral nerve afflictions and their locations...
April 2018: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617469/foot-health-and-quality-of-life-among-university-students-cross-sectional-study
#9
David Rodríguez-Sanz, Daniel Barbeito-Fernández, Marta Elena Losa-Iglesias, Jesús Luis Saleta-Canosa, Daniel López-López, Natalia Tovaruela-Carrión, Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo
BACKGROUND: Foot problems are believed to reduce quality of life and are increasingly present. Even among young adults of university age, untreated foot problems can lead to postural and mobility problems. Accordingly, our aim here was to determine the relationship between foot health and quality of life and general health among male and female university students. DESIGN AND SETTING: Observational cross-sectional quantitative study conducted at the Podiatric Medicine and Surgery Clinic of the University of Coruña, Ferrol, Spain...
March 29, 2018: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615389/management-of-the-general-process-of-parenteral-nutrition-using-mhealth-technologies-evaluation-and-validation-study
#10
Mercedes Cervera Peris, Víctor Manuel Alonso Rorís, Juan Manuel Santos Gago, Luis Álvarez Sabucedo, Carmina Wanden-Berghe, Javier Sanz-Valero
BACKGROUND: Any system applied to the control of parenteral nutrition (PN) ought to prove that the process meets the established requirements and include a repository of records to allow evaluation of the information about PN processes at any time. OBJECTIVE: The goal of the research was to evaluate the mobile health (mHealth) app and validate its effectiveness in monitoring the management of the PN process. METHODS: We studied the evaluation and validation of the general process of PN using an mHealth app...
April 3, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605834/electromagnetic-radiation-and-behavioural-response-of-ticks-an-experimental-test
#11
Blažena Vargová, Igor Majláth, Juraj Kurimský, Roman Cimbala, Michal Kosterec, Piotr Tryjanowski, Łukasz Jankowiak, Tomáš Raši, Viktória Majláthová
Factors associated with the increased usage of electronic devices, wireless technologies and mobile phones nowadays are present in increasing amounts in our environment. All living organisms are constantly affected by electromagnetic radiation which causes serious environmental pollution. The distribution and density of ticks in natural habitats is influenced by a complex of abiotic and biotic factors. Exposure to radio-frequency electromagnetic field (RF-EMF) constitutes a potential cause altering the presence and distribution of ticks in the environment...
March 31, 2018: Experimental & Applied Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605012/teaching-veterinary-parasitology-in-portugal-in-the-21st-century-changes-challenges-and-opportunities-after-the-bologna-process
#12
Luís Manuel Madeira de Carvalho, Ana Margarida Alho
Veterinary education in Portugal began in 1830, but individualised teaching of parasitology started in 1911 at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Lisbon (FMV-ULisboa). Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases were taught in the 3rd and 4th years of the veterinary course, respectively. In 2007/2008, a new curriculum was implemented as a consequence of the Bologna Process (BP), with Parasitology converted into "Parasitology I" (General Parasitology, Arthropods and Protozoology) and "Parasitology II" (Helminthology), being taught in the 1st and 2nd semesters of the 2nd year of the course, respectively...
April 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600653/-content-determination-of-four-diester-diterpenoid-alkaloids-in-leaves-of-aconitum-kusnezoffii-by-hplc
#13
Ke Zan, Ci-Ren Wangjie, Jing Lu, Li-Nong Guo, Jian Zheng, Shuang-Cheng Ma
This present study is to develop an HPLC method for simultaneous determination of four diester diterpenoid alkaloids, beiwutine, mesaconitine, hypaconitine and aconitine in the leaves of Aconitum kusnezoffii, so as to provide evidence of the quality control of this herb. The four constituents were measured on a Waters XBridge CC₁₈ column(4.6 mmχ250 mm, 5 μm). The mobile phase was acetonitrile-40 mmol·L⁻¹ ammonium acetate solution(adjusted pH to 10.5 with ammonia solution)(33:67) with isocratic elution at a flow rate of 1...
February 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598824/an-integrated-community-health-worker-intervention-in-rural-nepal-a-type-2-hybrid-effectiveness-implementation-study-protocol
#14
Sheela Maru, Isha Nirola, Aradhana Thapa, Poshan Thapa, Lal Kunwar, Wan-Ju Wu, Scott Halliday, David Citrin, Ryan Schwarz, Indira Basnett, Naresh Kc, Khem Karki, Pushpa Chaudhari, Duncan Maru
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based medicines, technologies, and protocols exist to prevent many of the annual 300,000 maternal, 2.7 million neonatal, and 9 million child deaths, but they are not being effectively implemented and utilized in rural areas. Nepal, one of South Asia's poorest countries with over 80% of its population living in rural areas, exemplifies this challenge. Community health workers are an important cadre in low-income countries where human resources for health and health care infrastructure are limited...
March 29, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596519/response-of-human-normal-and-leukemia-cells-to-factors-released-by-amnion-fragments-in-vitro
#15
Zofia Grzywocz, Grazyna Hoser, Stanislawa Sabalinska, Piotr Ladyzynski, Jaroslaw Czubak, Malgorzata Dworczynska, Romuald Debski, Ewa Pius-Sadowska, Boguslaw Machalinski, Jerzy Kawiak
Amnion is a membrane surrounding the embryo/fetus which determine growth factors and interleukins with angiogenic, immunogenic, and anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of conditioned culture medium from 24-h cultures of human amnion (hAM CCM) on migration and proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial primary cells (HUVECs), freshly isolated bone marrow mononuclear cells (BM MNCs), and Jurkat leukemia cell line. Amnion membrane was freshly isolated from healthy placenta and its fragments cultured in vitro to produce hAM CCM...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596342/statistical-platform-for-individualized-behavioral-analyses-using-biophysical-micro-movement-spikes
#16
Elizabeth B Torres, Joe Vero, Richa Rai
Wearable biosensors, such as those embedded in smart phones, can provide data to assess neuro-motor control in mobile settings, at homes, schools, workplaces and clinics. However, because most machine learning algorithms currently used to analyze such data require several steps that depend on human heuristics, the analyses become computationally expensive and rather subjective. Further, there is no standardized scale or set of tasks amenable to take advantage of such technology in ways that permit broad dissemination and reproducibility of results...
March 29, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593787/utilization-of-smartphone-applications-by-anesthesia-providers
#17
Michael S Green, Johann J Mathew, Archana Gundigi Venkatesh, Parmis Green, Rayhan Tariq
Health care-related apps provide valuable facts and have added a new dimension to knowledge sharing. The purpose of this study is to understand the pattern of utilization of mobile apps specifically created for anesthesia providers. Smartphone app stores were searched, and a survey was sent to 416 anesthesia providers at 136 anesthesiology residency programs querying specific facets of application use. Among respondents, 11.4% never used, 12.4% used less than once per month, 6.0% used once per month, 12.1% used 2-3 times per month, 13...
2018: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593542/apigenin-and-luteolin-attenuate-the-breaching-of-mda-mb231-breast-cancer-spheroids-through-the-lymph-endothelial-barrier-in-vitro
#18
Junli Hong, Adryan Fristiohady, Chi H Nguyen, Daniela Milovanovic, Nicole Huttary, Sigurd Krieger, Junqiang Hong, Silvana Geleff, Peter Birner, Walter Jäger, Ali Özmen, Liselotte Krenn, Georg Krupitza
Flavonoids, present in fruits, vegetables and traditional medicinal plants, show anticancer effects in experimental systems and are reportedly non-toxic. This is a favorable property for long term strategies for the attenuation of lymph node metastasis, which may effectively improve the prognostic states in breast cancer. Hence, we studied two flavonoids, apigenin and luteolin exhibiting strong bio-activity in various test systems in cancer research and are readily available on the market. This study has further advanced the mechanistic understanding of breast cancer intravasation through the lymphatic barrier...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588849/enhanced-calcium-ion-mobilization-in-osteoblasts-on-amino-group-containing-plasma-polymer-nanolayer
#19
Susanne Staehlke, Henrike Rebl, Birgit Finke, Petra Mueller, Martina Gruening, J Barbara Nebe
Background: Biomaterial modifications-chemical and topographical-are of particular importance for the integration of materials in biosystems. Cells are known to sense these biomaterial characteristics, but it has remained unclear which physiological processes bio modifications trigger. Hence, the question arises of whether the dynamic of intracellular calcium ions is important for the characterization of the cell-material interaction. In our prior research we could demonstrate that a defined geometrical surface topography affects the cell physiology; this was finally detectable in a reduced intracellular calcium mobilization after the addition of adenosine triphosphate (ATP)...
2018: Cell & Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584689/extracellular-matrix-as-a-regulator-of-epidermal-stem-cell-fate
#20
REVIEW
Elina Chermnykh, Ekaterina Kalabusheva, Ekaterina Vorotelyak
Epidermal stem cells reside within the specific anatomic location, called niche, which is a microenvironment that interacts with stem cells to regulate their fate. Regulation of many important processes, including maintenance of stem cell quiescence, self-renewal, and homeostasis, as well as the regulation of division and differentiation, are common functions of the stem cell niche. As it was shown in multiple studies, extracellular matrix (ECM) contributes a lot to stem cell niches in various tissues, including that of skin...
March 27, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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