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Laparoscopic cholecystectomy prophylaxis

Muhammed Yaser Hasan, Davide Lomanto, Lee Leng Loh, Jimmy Bok Yan So, Asim Shabbir
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence on gallstone disease after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG), there is an existing lack of consensus on practice guidelines, i.e., surveillance and stone-lowering prophylaxis. Available evidence also has a racial bias as western reports predominate current data. Considering the growing popularity of LSG in Asia and the unique Asian anthropometrics, we have attempted to provide a regional perspective by reviewing our LSG database to investigate the epidemiology of this complication...
April 11, 2017: Obesity Surgery
Pinar Sarkut, Sadik Kilicturgay, Hikmet Aktas, Yilmaz Ozen, Ekrem Kaya
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is the gold standard for the treatment of symptomatic gallbladder stones. As infections are rare in uncomplicated LC, it is widely accepted that prophylactic antibiotics need not be administered, and guidelines do not support routine antibiotic prophylaxis during elective LC. However, routine antibiotic prophylaxis for elective LC is still popular in many clinical settings. We investigated this situation in our department. METHOD: This randomized double-blind controlled study included 570 patients who underwent LC between March 2007 and February 2010...
July 2017: Surgical Infections
R H Gundogdu, M Oduncu, B O Bozkirli, M O Yazicioglu, S Akbaba
OBJECTIVES: This study reports the results of a single center experience on the use of pharmacological venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis in laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients. BACKGROUND: The prevention of VTE is of crucial importance in surgical practice. However, the severity of thromboembolism risk and the necessity of thromboprophylaxis for laparoscopic cholecystectomy is still being debated. METHODS: The data of the patients, who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy for symptomatic cholelitiasis in a single center between the years 2005 and 2015 were analysed retrospectively for incidents of symptomatic VTE and bleeding complications...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
Caw Macano, E A Griffiths, R S Vohra
INTRODUCTION Current guidelines do not recommend antibiotic prophylaxis in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Despite this, there is wide variation in antibiotic prophylaxis during cholecystectomy in population-based studies. The aim of this survey was to establish the current rationale for antibiotic prophylaxis in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS A short questionnaire was designed and disseminated across collaborators for a population-based study investigating outcomes following cholecystectomy and via the Association of Upper Gastrointestinal Surgeons, Researchgate and Surginet membership...
March 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Teruyuki Usuba, Yuya Nyumura, Yuki Takano, Toshio Iino, Nobuyoshi Hanyu
INTRODUCTION: Accidental gallbladder perforation frequently occurs during laparoscopic cholecystectomy and may increase the risk of infection. However, the necessity of antimicrobial prophylaxis for these patients is unclear. The aim of this study was to examine the clinical outcomes and necessity of antimicrobial prophylaxis after laparoscopic cholecystectomy with gallbladder perforation. METHODS: One hundred patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy were divided into two groups: patients with gallbladder perforation (Group A, n = 37) and patients without perforation (Group B, n = 63)...
May 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
Fabian Grass, Matthieu Cachemaille, Catherine Blanc, Nicolas Fournier, Nermin Halkic, Nicolas Demartines, Martin Hübner
BACKGROUND: Immediate laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the accepted standard for the treatment of acute cholecystitis. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the feasibility of a standardized approach with tailored care maps for pre- and postoperative care by comparing pain, nausea and patient satisfaction after elective and emergent laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: From January 2014 until April 2015, data on pain and nausea management were prospectively recorded for all elective and emergency procedures in the department of visceral surgery...
December 1, 2016: BMC Surgery
Kamal Awad, Hussien Ahmed, Abdelrahman Ibrahim Abushouk, Safwat Al Nahrawi, Mohammed Yasser Elsherbeny, Salma Muhammad Mustafa, Attia Attia
OBJECTIVE: A systematic review and meta-analysis of published randomized controlled trials was performed to update the present evidence about the safety and efficacy of dexamethasone combined with other antiemetics versus single antiemetics for the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: A computer literature search of PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Embase was conducted to identify the relevant randomized controlled trials...
December 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Márcio Alexandre Terra Passos, Pedro Eder Portari-Filho
Background: Elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy has very low risk for infectious complications, ranging the infection rate from 0.4% to 1.1%. Many surgeons still use routine antibiotic prophylaxis. Aim: Evaluate the real impact of antibiotic prophylaxis in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomies in low risk patients. Method: Prospective, randomized and double-blind study. Were evaluated 100 patients that underwent elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy divided in two groups: group A (n=50), patients that received prophylaxis using intravenous Cephazolin (2 g) during anesthetic induction and group B (n=50), patients that didn't receive any antibiotic prophylaxis...
July 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
D S Vasyhlchenko, V I Desyateryk, S O Sheyko, T I Zverevych
Results of examination and surgical tratment of 56 patients, suffering chronic calculous cholecystitis with concomitant schemic heart disease, were analyzed. In all the patients a laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed. Monitoring of cardiovascular compli- cations was estimated with the help of a Helter recording of EGG intraoperatively and in the early postoperative period. Depending on a kind of preoperative preparation done, the patients were divided on two groups: those, to whom cardioprotection using a Vasopro preparation was conducted, and those without cardioprotection...
March 2016: Klinichna Khirurhiia
Maria Rita Araújo, Céline Marques, Sara Freitas, Rita Santa-Bárbara, Joana Alves, Célia Xavier
BACKGROUND: Marfan's Syndrome (MFS) is a disorder of connective tissue, mainly involving the cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, and ocular systems. The most severe problems include aortic root dilatation and dissection. Anesthetic management is vital for the improvement on perioperative morbidity. CASE REPORT: 61-year-old male with MFS, presenting mainly with pectus carinatum, scoliosis, ectopia lens, previous spontaneous pneumothorax and aortal aneurysm and dissection submitted to thoracoabdominal aortic prosthesis placement...
July 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Maria Rita Araújo, Céline Marques, Sara Freitas, Rita Santa-Bárbara, Joana Alves, Célia Xavier
BACKGROUND: Marfan's Syndrome (MFS) is a disorder of connective tissue, mainly involving the cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, and ocular systems. The most severe problems include aortic root dilatation and dissection. Anesthetic management is vital for the improvement on perioperative morbidity. CASE REPORT: 61-year-old male with MFS, presenting mainly with pectus carinatum, scoliosis, ectopia lens, previous spontaneous pneumothorax and aortal aneurysm and dissection submitted to thoracoabdominal aortic prosthesis placement...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Jan Ulrych, Tomas Kvasnicka, Vladimir Fryba, Martin Komarc, Ivana Malikova, Filip Burget, Radka Brzezkova, Jan Kvasnicka, Zdenek Krska, Jan Kvasnicka
BACKGROUND: Surgery for benign disease is associated with a low-risk of developing venous thromboembolism (VTE). Despite a relatively low incidence of postoperative VTE in patients after elective cholecystectomy and abdominal hernia repair there are data proving hypercoagulability in the early postoperative period. We focused on assessment of the systemic inflammatory response and coagulation status in these surgical patients after hospital discharge. METHODS: Prospectively, patients who underwent surgery for benign disease were included...
April 6, 2016: BMC Surgery
Bo Liang, Min Dai, Zhenhong Zou
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Owing to persistent controversy regarding the use of routine antibiotic prophylaxis in patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy and the availability of several new randomized controlled trials (RCTs), we conducted an up-to-date meta-analysis to provide the best current evidence. The aim of the article is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of routine antibiotic prophylaxis in low-risk patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive literature review of the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases for RCTs that compared antibiotic prophylaxis versus placebo or no antibiotics in low-risk patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
May 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Mirko Muroni, Valeria Loi, François Lionnet, Robert Girot, Sidney Houry
INTRODUCTION: Prophylactic laparoscopic cholecystectomy remains controversial and has been discussed for selected subgroups of patients with asymptomatic cholelithiasis who are at high risk of developing complications such as chronic haemolytic conditions. Cholelithiasis is a frequent condition for patients with sickle cell disease (SCD). Complications from cholelithiasis may dramatically increase morbidity for these patients. Our objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of prophylactic cholecystectomy in SCD patients with asymptomatic gallbladder stones...
October 2015: International Journal of Surgery
Wasana Ko-Iam, Trichak Sandhu, Sahataya Paiboonworachat, Paisal Pongchairerks, Sunhawit Junrungsee, Anon Chotirosniramit, Narain Chotirosniramit, Kamtone Chandacham, Tidarat Jirapongcharoenlap
BACKGROUND: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are significant problems in laparoscopic surgery. OBJECTIVE: Compare the prophylactic use of metoclopramide and its combination with dexamethasone in the prevention of PONV in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). MATERIAL AND METHOD: One hundred patients aged 18 to 75 with American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) class 1-2 who candidates for elective LC at Chiang Mai University Hospital, were included in this double-blind, randomized controlled trial (parallel design)...
March 2015: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
Erasmo Spaziani, Marcello Picchio, Annalisa Di Filippo, Ettore Greco, Alessandra Cerioli, Maurizio Maragoni, Giuliano Faccì, Pierino Lucarelli, Giusppe Marino, Franco Stagnitti, Piero Narilli
AIM: We performed a prospective study to evaluate the effect of antibiotic prophylaxis (AP) on the incidence of infection in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). MATERIAL OF STUDY: All patients were at low-medium anesthetic and infectious risk and underwent LC for benign disease. At induction of anesthesia 41 patients received ampicillin-sulbactam 3g, 40 patients received ciprofloxacin 400mg intravenously, and 53 patients received no AP. RESULTS: Postoperative infection was observed in 11 patients (8...
May 2015: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Yoichi Matsui, Sohei Satoi, Masaki Kaibori, Hideyoshi Toyokawa, Hiroaki Yanagimoto, Kosuke Matsui, Morihiko Ishizaki, A-Hon Kwon
BACKGROUND: Recent meta-analyses concluded that antibiotic prophylaxis is not warranted in low-risk laparoscopic cholecystectomy. However, most trials in the meta-analyses had a relatively small sample size and were statistically underpowered. In addition, many of the trials mentioned potential cost savings owing to the elimination of prophylactic antibiotics. However, no trial has statistically estimated the cost effectiveness. To evaluate the results of meta-analyses, we conducted a randomized controlled trial on the role of prophylactic antibiotics in low-risk laparoscopic cholecystectomy with an adequate sample size...
2014: PloS One
Muhammad Ali Naqvi, Adnan Mehraj, Raja Ejaz, Amer Mian
BACKGROUND: Elective cholecystectomy for symptomatic gall stone disease carries low risk of postoperative infective complications. Yet the routine use of prophylactic antibiotic is in vogue in many centres. The aim of this study was to find out the efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis in preventing postoperative infective complications in low risk elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients. METHOD: Randomised controlled trial was carried out in our hospital from 1st Nov 2009 to 15th Oct 2011...
January 2013: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Sakchai Ruangsin, Supparerk Laohawiriyakamol, Somkiat Sunpaweravong, Somrit Mahattanobon
BACKGROUND: A prophylactic antibiotic is recommended in open cholecystectomy surgeries, but in laparoscopic cholecystectomies such prophylaxis is controversial. Recent reviews have not found conclusive evidence that routine prophylaxis, especially in low risk patients, is effective. This clinical trial was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of cefazolin in reducing surgical site infection SSI in laparoscopic cholecystectomies in a sample not screened for high or low risk patients. METHODS: A randomized double-blind controlled trial was conducted in a single university hospital...
April 2015: Surgical Endoscopy
H E Graham, A Vasireddy, D Nehra
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic surgeons in Great Britain and Ireland were surveyed to assess their use of antibiotic prophylaxis in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. This followed a Cochrane review that found no evidence to support the use of antibiotic prophylaxis in routine cases. METHODS: Data were collected on routine use of antibiotics in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy, and how that was influenced by factors such as bile spillage, patient co-morbidities and surgeons' experience...
July 2014: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
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