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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446902/modulation-of-macrophage-responses-by-cmx-a-fusion-protein-composed-of-ag85c-mpt51-and-hspx-from-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#1
Adeliane C da Costa, Danilo P de Resende, Bruno de P O Santos, Karina F Zoccal, Lúcia H Faccioli, André Kipnis, Ana P Junqueira-Kipnis
Mycobacterium bovis Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is a vaccine used to prevent tuberculosis (TB). Due to the poor protection conferred by BCG in adults, new, more effective formulations have been developed. A recombinant BCG vaccine expressing the CMX fusion protein Ag85c_MPT51_HspX (rBCG-CMX) induced Th1 and Th17 responses and provided better protection than BCG. It has been shown that Mycobacterium smegmatis expressing CMX also induces better protection than BCG and is a strong macrophage activator. The aim of the present study was to evaluate macrophage activation by the recombinant CMX fusion protein and by rBCG-CMX and to evaluate their ability to generate vaccine-specific immune responses...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446731/the-antigenic-identity-of-human-class-i-mhc-phosphopeptides-is-critically-dependent-upon-phosphorylation-status
#2
Fiyaz Mohammed, Daniel H Stones, Angela L Zarling, Carrie R Willcox, Jeffrey Shabanowitz, Kara L Cummings, Donald F Hunt, Mark Cobbold, Victor H Engelhard, Benjamin E Willcox
Dysregulated post-translational modification provides a source of altered self-antigens that can stimulate immune responses in autoimmunity, inflammation, and cancer. In recent years, phosphorylated peptides have emerged as a group of tumour-associated antigens presented by MHC molecules and recognised by T cells, and represent promising candidates for cancer immunotherapy. However, the impact of phosphorylation on the antigenic identity of phosphopeptide epitopes is unclear. Here we examined this by determining structures of MHC-bound phosphopeptides bearing canonical position 4-phosphorylations in the presence and absence of their phosphate moiety, and examining phosphopeptide recognition by the T cell receptor (TCR)...
April 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445787/adipose-derived-stem-cells-were-impaired-in-restricting-cd4-t-cell-proliferation-and-polarization-in-type-2-diabetic-apoe-mouse
#3
Ming-Hao Liu, Ya Li, Lu Han, Yao-Yuan Zhang, Di Wang, Zhi-Hao Wang, Hui-Min Zhou, Ming Song, Yi-Hui Li, Meng-Xiong Tang, Wei Zhang, Ming Zhong
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis (AS) is the most common and serious complication of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and is accelerated via chronic systemic inflammation rather than hyperglycemia. Adipose tissue is the major source of systemic inflammation in abnormal metabolic state. Pro-inflammatory CD4(+)T cells play pivotal role in promoting adipose inflammation. Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) for fat regeneration have potent ability of immunosuppression and restricting CD4(+)T cells as well...
April 23, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441398/the-effects-of-immune-protein-cd3%C3%AE-development-and-degeneration-of-retinal-neurons-after-optic-nerve-injury
#4
Tao He, Xavier Mortensen, Ping Wang, Ning Tian
Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules and their receptors play fundamental roles in neuronal death during diseases. T-cell receptors (TCR) function as MHCI receptor on T-cells and both MHCI and a key component of TCR, CD3ζ, are expressed by mouse retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and displaced amacrine cells. Mutation of these molecules compromises the development of RGCs. We investigated whether CD3ζ regulates the development and degeneration of amacrine cells after RGC death. Surprisingly, mutation of CD3ζ not only impairs the proper development of amacrine cells expressing CD3ζ but also those not expressing CD3ζ...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440548/contact-sensitizers-trigger-human-cd1-autoreactive-t-cell-responses
#5
Richard J Betts, Adrijana Perkovic, Subhashree Mahapatra, Aurélia Del Bufalo, Kaddy Camara, Amy R Howell, Silvia Martinozzi Teissier, Gennaro De Libero, Lucia Mori
Allergic contact dermatitis is a primarily T-cell-mediated inflammatory skin disease induced by exposure to small molecular-weight haptens, which covalently bind to proteins. The abundance of cutaneous T cells that recognize CD1a antigen-presenting molecules raises the possibility that MHC-independent antigen presentation may be relevant in some hapten-driven immune responses. Here we examine the ability of contact sensitizers to influence CD1-restricted immunity. Exposure of human antigen-presenting cells such as monocyte-derived dendritic cells and THP-1 cells to the prototypical contact sensitizer dinitrochlorobenzene potentiated the response of CD1a- and CD1d-autoreactive T cells, which released a vast array of cytokines in a CD1- and TCR-dependent manner...
April 25, 2017: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433527/characterization-of-leukocyte-subsets-in-buffalo-bubalus-bubalis-with-cross-reactive-monoclonal-antibodies-specific-for-bovine-mhc-class-i-and-class-ii-molecules-and-leukocyte-differentiation-molecules
#6
Francesco Grandoni, Mahmoud M Elnaggar, Gaber S Abdellrazeq, Federica Signorelli, Lindsay M Fry, Cinzia Marchitelli, Victoria Hulubei, Samy A Khaliel, Helmy A Torky, William C Davis
Although buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) are a major component of the livestock industry worldwide, limited progress has been made in the study of the mechanisms regulating the immune response to pathogens and parasites affecting their health and productivity. This has been, in part, attributable to the limited availability of reagents to study immune responses in buffalo. As reported here, a set of cross-reactive monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), developed against bovine, ovine and caprine leukocyte differentiation molecules (LDM) and major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules, were identified and used to compare expression of LDM in Italian and Egyptian buffalo...
April 20, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432936/the-immunosuppressive-characteristics-of-fb1-by-inhibition-of-maturation-and-function-of-bmdcs
#7
Yinhuan Li, Yanhong Fan, Bingbing Xia, Qiuping Xiao, Qingqing Wang, Weidong Sun, Haibin Zhang, Chenghua He
Fumonisin B1 (FB1) is one kind of mycotoxins that has the neurotoxicity, carcinogenicity, hepatotoxicity and immunotoxicity produced by the fungus Fusarium verticillioides, which commonly infects corn and other crops and is harmful to animal and human health upon consumption of FB1-contaminated feed or food. However, the mechanism of immunotoxicity, especially the immunosuppression induced by FB1 is still unclear. The most pivotal cells in the induction of immune responses are dendritic cells (DCs). In this study, we used murine bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs) as a model system to elucidate the effect of FB1 on the function of BMDCs through biological methods...
April 19, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410529/ifn%C3%AE-enhances-cytotoxic-efficiency-of-the-cytotoxic-t-lymphocytes-against-human-glioma-cells
#8
Shengwen Shao, Eric Risch, Danielle Burner, Lingeng Lu, Boris Minev, Wenxue Ma
Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) are a key player in cancer immunotherapies, and MHC class I molecules on the cell surface are crucial for cellular recognition. However, the aberrant expression of MHC class I molecules is frequently found in various malignancies. IFNγ has dual functions in cancer progression, and its effect on tumor immunity is controversial. To investigate whether IFNγ can enhance cytotoxic efficiency of the tumor antigen-specific CTLs, we generated the CTLs using modified human dendritic cells as antigen presenting cells, then studied the activities of CTLs on human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A2 positive glioma cells treated with, or without IFNγ...
April 11, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408181/peptide-conjugated-nanoparticles-reduce-positive-co-stimulatory-expression-and-t-cell-activity-to-induce-tolerance
#9
Robert Kuo, Eiji Saito, Stephen D Miller, Lonnie D Shea
Targeted approaches to treat autoimmune diseases would improve upon current therapies that broadly suppress the immune system and lead to detrimental side effects. Antigen-specific tolerance was induced using poly(lactide-co-glycolide) nanoparticles conjugated with disease-relevant antigen to treat a model of multiple sclerosis. Increasing the nanoparticle dose and amount of conjugated antigen both resulted in more durable immune tolerance. To identify active tolerance mechanisms, we investigated downstream cellular and molecular events following nanoparticle internalization by antigen-presenting cells...
April 10, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402951/characterization-of-a-secreted-macrophage-migration-inhibitory-factor-homologue-of-the-parasitic-nematode-haemonchus-contortus-acting-at-the-parasite-host-cell-interface
#10
Yujian Wang, MingMin Lu, Shuai Wang, Muhammad Ehsan, RuoFeng Yan, XiaoKai Song, LiXin Xu, XiangRui Li
Modulation and suppression of the immune response of the host by nematode parasites have been reported extensively and the migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is identified as one of the major immunomodulator. In the present study, we cloned and produced recombinant MIF protein from the small ruminant's nematode parasite Haemonchus contortus (rHCMIF-1), and investigated its immunomodulatory effects on goat monocyte. Enzymatic assays indicated that rHCMIF-1 possessed tautomerase activity. Immunohistochemical test demonstrated that the native HCMIF-1 protein was predominantly localized at the body surface and internal surface of the worm's gut...
March 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399128/creation-of-an-immunodeficient-hla-transgenic-mouse-humamice-and-functional-validation-of-human-immunity-after-transfer-of-hla-matched-human-cells
#11
Yang Zeng, Bingrun Liu, Marie-Thérèse Rubio, Xinyue Wang, David M Ojcius, Ruoping Tang, Antoine Durrbach, Zhitao Ru, Yusen Zhou, Yu-Chun Lone
Research on human immunology has been hindered by the lack of optimal small animal models, given that the protective immune responses of human and non-human species show significant differences. However, due to ethical constraints[1] and the high cost of clinical trials, it is urgent to improve the current animal models that can mimic faithfully human physiology, particularly the human immune system (HIS). HIS mice had been generated recently by engrafting human hematopoietic stem cells (hHSCs) or human peripheral mononuclear cells (hPBMCs) into highly immuno-deficient mice such as NSG, NOG or NRG mice...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396662/the-role-of-dendritic-cell-maturation-in-the-induction-of-insulin-dependent-diabetes-mellitus
#12
REVIEW
Jacques C Mbongue, Hector A Nieves, Timothy W Torrez, William H R Langridge
Dendritic cells (DCs) are the dominant class of antigen-presenting cells in humans and are largely responsible for the initiation and guidance of innate and adaptive immune responses involved in maintenance of immunological homeostasis. Immature dendritic cells (iDCs) phagocytize pathogens and toxic proteins and in endosomal vesicles degrade them into small fragments for presentation on major histocompatibility complex (MHC) II receptor molecules to naïve cognate T cells (Th0). In addition to their role in stimulation of immunity, DCs are involved in the induction and maintenance of immune tolerance toward self-antigens...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396322/camp-elevating-capacity-of-the-adenylate-cyclase-toxin-hemolysin-is-sufficient-for-lung-infection-but-not-for-full-virulence-of-bordetella-pertussis
#13
Karolina Skopova, Barbora Tomalova, Ivan Kanchev, Pavel Rossmann, Martina Svedova, Irena Adkins, Ilona Bibova, Jakub Tomala, Jiri Masin, Nicole Guiso, Radim Osicka, Radislav Sedlacek, Marek Kovar, Peter Sebo
The adenylate cyclase toxin-hemolysin (CyaA, ACT or AC-Hly) of Bordetella pertussis targets phagocytic cells expressing the complement receptor 3 (CR3, Mac-1, αMβ2 integrin or CD11b/CD18). CyaA delivers into cells an N-terminal adenylyl cyclase (AC) enzyme domain that is activated by cytosolic calmodulin and catalyzes unregulated conversion of cellular ATP into cAMP, a key second messenger subverting bactericidal activities of phagocytes. In parallel, the hemolysin (Hly) moiety of CyaA forms cation-selective hemolytic pores that permeabilize target cell membranes...
April 10, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393253/recombinant-adenovirus-of-sea-and-cd80-genes-driven-by-mmre-and-mouse-tert-promoter-induce-effective-antitumor-immune-responses-against-different-types-of-tumor-cells-in%C3%A2-vitro-and-in%C3%A2-vivo
#14
Shao-Yan Si, Jun-Li Liu, Jun-Lian Liu, Bing-Xin Xu, Jian-Zhong Li, Ya-Ya Qin, Shu-Jun Song
Staphylococcus enterotoxin A (SEA) is a powerful immunostimulant and can stimulate T cells bearing certain T-cell receptor β-chain variable regions when bound to major histocompatibility complex II molecules. SEA is widely used in research of antitumor therapy. The low affinity T-cell receptor (TCR) interaction with SEA in the absence of MHC class II antigens is sufficient for the induction of cytotoxicity but requires additional CD28/B7 signaling to result in proliferation of resting T cells. In this study, we constructed recombinant adenovirus (named as Ad-MMRE-mTERT-BIS) carrying membrane-expressing SEA (named as SEAtm) and CD80 driven by Myc-Max response elements (MMRE) and mouse telomerase reverse transcriptase (mTERT) promoter to reduce toxicity and to improve safety and efficiency...
April 6, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386696/cd1-a-singed-cat-of-the-three-antigen-presentation-systems
#15
REVIEW
Radoslaw Kaczmarek, Mariola Pasciak, Katarzyna Szymczak-Kulus, Marcin Czerwinski
Contrary to general view that the MHC Class I and II are the kapellmeisters of recognition and response to antigens, there is another big player in that part of immunity, represented by CD1 glycoproteins. In contrast to MHC Class I or II, which present peptides, CD1 molecules present lipids. Humans express five CD1 proteins (CD1a-e), four of which (CD1a-d) are trafficked to the cell surface, where they may display lipid antigens to T-cell receptors. This interaction may lead to both non-cognate and cognate T cell help to B cells, the latter eliciting anti-lipid antibody response...
April 6, 2017: Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386263/adaptive-immunity-is-the-key-to-the-understanding-of-autoimmune-and-paraneoplastic-inflammatory-central-nervous-system-disorders
#16
REVIEW
Robert Weissert
There are common aspects and mechanisms between different types of autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS), neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSDs), and autoimmune encephalitis (AE) as well as paraneoplastic inflammatory disorders of the central nervous system. To our present knowledge, depending on the disease, T and B cells as well as antibodies contribute to various aspects of the pathogenesis. Possibly the events leading to the breaking of tolerance between the different diseases are of great similarity and so far, only partially understood...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382035/heritable-gene-regulation-in-the-cd4-cd8-t-cell-lineage-choice
#17
REVIEW
Priya D A Issuree, Charles P Ng, Dan R Littman
The adaptive immune system is dependent on functionally distinct lineages of T cell antigen receptor αβ-expressing T cells that differentiate from a common progenitor in the thymus. CD4(+)CD8(+) progenitor thymocytes undergo selection following interaction with MHC class I and class II molecules bearing peptide self-antigens, giving rise to CD8(+) cytotoxic and CD4(+) helper or regulatory T cell lineages, respectively. The strict correspondence of CD4 and CD8 expression with distinct cellular phenotypes has made their genes useful surrogates for investigating molecular mechanisms of lineage commitment...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365829/newcastle-disease-virus-like-particles-induce-dendritic-cell-maturation-and-enhance-viral-specific-immune-response
#18
Jing Qian, Jiaxin Ding, Renfu Yin, Yixue Sun, Cong Xue, Xiaohong Xu, Jianzhong Wang, Chan Ding, Shengqing Yu, Xiufan Liu, Shunlin Hu, Yanlong Cong, Zhuang Ding
Circulating of genotype VII Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is a great threat to the poultry industry worldwide. Virus-like particles (VLPs) are increasingly being considered as potential viral vaccines due to their safety and efficacy. In this study, we analyzed in vitro the stimulatory effects of VLPs containing the matrix and hemagglutinin-neuraminidase of genotype VII NDV on dendritic cells (DCs) and evaluated their immunogenicity in mice. The results showed that immature bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs) responded to stimulation with VLPs by up-regulating expressions of MHC II, CD40, CD80, and CD86 molecules and by increasing the cytokine secretions of TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-6, and IL-12p70...
April 1, 2017: Virus Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360911/swine-leukocyte-antigen-diversity-in-canadian-specific-pathogen-free-yorkshire-and-landrace-pigs
#19
Caixia Gao, Jinqiang Quan, Xinjie Jiang, Changwen Li, Xiaoye Lu, Hongyan Chen
The highly polymorphic swine major histocompatibility complex (MHC), termed swine leukocyte antigen (SLA), is associated with different levels of immunologic responses to infectious diseases, vaccines, and transplantation. Pig breeds with known SLA haplotypes are important genetic resources for biomedical research. Canadian Yorkshire and Landrace pigs represent the current specific pathogen-free (SPF) breeding stock maintained in the isolation environment at the Harbin Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358370/the-role-of-autophagy-in-asparaginase-induced-immune-suppression-of-macrophages
#20
Ping Song, Ziyu Wang, Xuyao Zhang, Jiajun Fan, Yubin Li, Qicheng Chen, Shaofei Wang, Peipei Liu, Jingyun Luan, Li Ye, Dianwen Ju
Erwinia asparaginase, a bacteria-derived enzyme drug, has been used in the treatment of various cancers, especially acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). One of the most significant side effects associated with asparaginase administration is immune suppression, which limits its application in clinic. Macrophages are phagocytic immune cells and have a central role in inflammation and host defense. We reported here that asparaginase disturbed the function of macrophages including phagocytosis, proliferation, ROS and nitric oxide secretion, interleukin 6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) secretion, and major histocompatibility complex II (MHC-II) molecule expression, thus induced immune suppression in interferon-γ and lipopolysaccharide-stimulated macrophages...
March 30, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
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