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Polycystic ovaries

Elizabeth Hisle-Gorman, Apryl Susi, Theophil Stokes, Gregory Gorman, Christine Erdie-Lalena, Cade M Nylund
OBJECTIVE: We explored the association of 29 previously reported neonatal, perinatal and prenatal conditions and exposures with later diagnosis of ASD in a large sample of children followed over multiple years. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective case-cohort study was formed using the Military Health System database. Cases were identified by International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes for ASD between 2000 and 2013 and were matched 3:1 with controls on sex, date of birth, and enrollment time-frame...
March 14, 2018: Pediatric Research
Selin Elmaoğulları, Zeyra Aycan
Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) is the major gynecologic complaint of adolescents admitting to hospital. Heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) is the most common clinical presentation of AUB. Anovulatory cycles owing to immature hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis is the leading etiology of HMB and there is an accompanying bleeding disorder in almost %20 of patients with HMB. Additionally, endocrine disorders such as hypothyroidism, hyperprolactinemia and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are possible causes of AUB...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
Carolina Fux-Otta, Manuel Maliqueo, Bárbara Echiburú, Otilio Rosato, Nicolás Crisosto, Gabriel S Iraci, Marta Fiol de Cuneo, Paula Szafryk de Mereshian, Teresa Sir-Petermann
Pregnancy complications and obstetric outcomes were compared in 80 Chilean (PPCOSCh ) and 70 Argentinian (PPCOSAr ) pregnant women. Reference groups of Chilean and Argentinian normal pregnant women from the same antenatal care units were also compared. PPCOSCh showed a higher prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) (OR, 2.28, 95% CI: 1.08-4.77, p = .030) and a lower prevalence of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) (OR, 0.20, 95% CI: 0.07-0.54, p = .001) compared to PPCOSAr . In the normal pregnant groups, the prevalence of PIH was lower in Chilean women compared to Argentinian women (OR, 0...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Xiao Wang, Huarong Wang, Wei Liu, Zhiyuan Zhang, Yanhao Zhang, Wenqiang Zhang, Zijiang Chen, Guoliang Xia, Chao Wang
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), which is characterized by hyperandrogenism, is a complex endocrinopathy that affects the fertility of 9%-18% of reproductive-age women. However, the exact mechanism of PCOS, especially hyperandrogen-induced anovulation, is largely unknown to date. Physiologically, the natriuretic peptide type C/natriuretic peptide receptor 2 (CNP/NPR2) system is essential for sustaining oocyte meiotic arrest until the preovulatory luteinizing hormone (LH) surge. We therefore hypothesized that the CNP/NPR2 system is also involved in PCOS and contributes to arresting oocyte meiosis and ovulation...
March 13, 2018: Clinical Science (1979-)
Min Hu, Yuehui Zhang, Jiaxing Feng, Xue Xu, Jiao Zhang, Wei Zhao, Xiaozhu Guo, Juan Li, Edvin Vestin, Peng Cui, Xin Li, Xiaoke Wu, Mats Brannstrom, Linus R Shao, Hakan Billig
Impaired progesterone (P4) signaling is linked to endometrial dysfunction and infertility in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Here we report for the first time that elevated expression of progesterone receptor (PGR) isoforms A and B parallels increased estrogen receptor (ER) expression in PCOS-like rat uteri. The aberrant PGR-targeted gene expression in PCOS-like rats before and after implantation overlaps with dysregulated expression of Fkbp52 and Ncoa2, two genes that contribute to the development of uterine P4 resistance...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Endocrinology
Fatemeh ZareMobini, Ashraf Kazemi, Ziba Farajzadegan
BACKGROUND: Psychological health is related to the management of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and is an essential component of self-efficacy and enjoying a healthy lifestyle. Need assessment and plans to improve the psychological health of these women provides significantly valuable information to design an advantageous intervention program to reach that goal. Therefore, this study will conduct to improve the psychological health for women with PCOS through a designed comprehensive care...
March 13, 2018: Reproductive Health
Sabriye Arslan, Yasemin Akdevelioğlu
Nonclassical target organs recently defined for vitamin D, a major regulator of calcium phosphorus homeostasis and bone health, include reproductive ones. This compilation study focuses on the potential effects of vitamin D on female reproductive functions. Vitamin D receptor enzymes that metabolize vitamin D are expressed in both central and peripheral reproductive organs. Most studies suggest that vitamin D may be directly or indirectly related to gonadal functions. Vitamin D's effects on reproductive functions may be indirectly related to diseases such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), uterine leiomyomas, and endometriosis...
March 13, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Mansooreh Samimi, Adeleh Dadkhah, Hamed Haddad Kashani, Maryam Tajabadi-Ebrahimi, Elahe Seyed Hosseini, Zatollah Asemi
Data on the effects of synbiotic supplementation on glycemic control, lipid profiles, and atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are limited. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of synbiotic supplementation on glycemic control and lipid profiles in women with PCOS. A prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was done at the Naghavi Hospital affiliated to Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran, between April 2017 and June 2017...
March 12, 2018: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
D L Rofey, N E El Nokali, L J Jackson Foster, E Seiler, H L McCauley, E Miller
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of childhood trauma and family history of psychiatric illness on weight loss trajectories of obese, adolescent females with PCOS. DESIGN: Prospective Study SETTING: PCOS and Adolescent Medicine Outpatient Clinics PATIENTS: Participants were, on average, 15.8 years, 80% Caucasian, and had a BMI of 36.8 ± 8.8 kg/m2 . INTERVENTIONS: Healthy Bodies, Healthy Minds is an evidence-based one-on-one intervention consisting of four weekly sessions, four bi-weekly sessions, and three monthly booster sessions...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Yanglu Li, Xiangyan Ruan, Husheng Wang, Xue Li, Guiju Cai, Juan Du, Lijuan Wang, Yue Zhao, Alfred O Mueck
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of adverse pregnancy outcomes in healthy Chinese women and to investigate whether these outcomes could be decreased in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) by ethinylestradiol/cyproterone acetate (EE/CPA) pretreatment. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Medical university. PATIENT(S): Six thousand healthy women (group A) were selected from 24,566 pregnant women by randomized sampling...
March 7, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
Dominique de Ziegler, Paul Pirtea, Renato Fanchin, Jean Marc Ayoubi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
C Berthin, P Sibilia, J Martins-Hericher, A Donzeau, L Martin
BACKGROUND: Non-classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia (NC-CAH) is a recessive autosomal disease caused by a deficiency of adrenal steroidogenesis enzymes. It must be distinguished from classical CAH, either simple virilising or salt-wasting, diagnosed during the neonatal period and responsible for potentially lethal disorders of sexual differentiation. NC-CAH presents a simpler and less specific clinical picture. Herein, we present two cases comprising twin girls consulting for diffuse hypertrichosis...
March 7, 2018: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
Marianne Lønnebotn, Gerd Karin Natvig, Bryndís Benediktsdóttir, John A Burgess, Mathias Holm, Rain Jógi, Eva Lindberg, Ferenc Macsali, Vivi Schlünssen, Svein Magne Skulstad, Karl A Franklin, Eszter Vanky, Francisco Gòmez Real
OBJECTIVE: Some studies of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) report increased prevalence of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy, while others do not. Several of these studies do not control for obesity. We aimed to study whether PCOS is associated with hypertensive disorders in pregnancy and whether it is dependent on body mass index (BMI). STUDY DESIGN: We present a cross-sectional analysis of 3732 women from Denmark, Estonia, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, born in 1945-72, who participated in the Respiratory Health In Northern Europe (RHINE) study and answered an extensive women's health questionnaire on menstruation, PCOS, infertility, pregnancy history and childbirth...
January 2018: Pregnancy Hypertension
Erica Silvestris, Giovanni de Pergola, Raffaele Rosania, Giuseppe Loverro
Both obesity and overweight are increasing worldwide and have detrimental influences on several human body functions including the reproductive health. In particular, obese women undergo perturbations of the 'hypothalamic pituitary ovarian axis', and frequently suffer of menstrual dysfunction leading to anovulation and infertility. Besides the hormone disorders and subfertility that are common in the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), in obesity the adipocytes act as endocrine organ. The adipose tissue indeed, releases a number of bioactive molecules, namely adipokines, that variably interact with multiple molecular pathways of insulin resistance, inflammation, hypertension, cardiovascular risk, coagulation, and oocyte differentiation and maturation...
March 9, 2018: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
Javad Heshmati, Reza Omani-Samani, Samira Vesali, Saman Maroufizadeh, Mahroo Rezaeinejad, Maryam Razavi, Mahdi Sepidarkish
Recently, the effects of nutritional supplementation on improvement or prevention of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have been considered. Several studies have been carried out on the effect of chromium supplementation in improving PCOS patients. This study aimed to summarize the available findings regarding the effect of chromium on improving the polycystic ovary syndrome. The review includes randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing chromium treatment with placebo or other treatments in women with PCOS...
March 2018: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
Marco Mezzullo, Flaminia Fanelli, Guido Di Dalmazi, Alessia Fazzini, Daniela Ibarra-Gasparini, Marianna Mastroroberto, Jenny Guidi, Antonio Maria Morselli-Labate, Renato Pasquali, Uberto Pagotto, Alessandra Gambineri
Hyperandrogenic disorders have been associated with psychological distress, reduced quality of life, anxiety and depression. The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis plays a pivotal role in the adaptive response to stressor events. Salivary cortisol (SalF) and cortisone (SalE) testing have been proven to be useful in the evaluation of HPA-axis activity. This study investigated whether SalF and SalE responses to two putative stressor levels differed between the hyperandrogenic states in late adolescent and young women, thus measuring the HPA-axis adaptive response to acute stress events...
February 24, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Laura L Burger, Charlotte Vanacker, Chayarndorn Phumsatitpong, Elizabeth R Wagenmaker, Luhong Wang, David P Olson, Suzanne M Moenter
GnRH neurons are a nexus of fertility regulation. We utilized translating ribosome affinity purification coupled with RNA sequencing to examine mRNAs of GnRH neurons in adult intact and gonadectomized (GDX) male and female mice. GnRH neuron ribosomes were tagged with green fluorescent protein (GFP) and GFP-labeled polysomes isolated by immunoprecipitation, producing one RNA fraction enhanced for GnRH neuron transcripts and one RNA fraction depleted. cDNA libraries were created from each fraction and 50-base, paired-end sequencing done and differential expression (enhanced fraction/depleted fraction) determined with a threshold of >1...
March 7, 2018: Endocrinology
Dorte Glintborg, Katrine Hass Rubin, Mads Nybo, Bo Abrahamsen, Marianne Andersen
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with obesity and low grade inflammation and the risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) could be increased in PCOS. METHODS: National register-based study including women with PCOS and no previous diagnosis of CVD, hypertension, or dyslipidemia. PCOS Denmark (N = 18,112) included women with PCOS in the Danish National Patient Register. PCOS Odense University Hospital (OUH, N = 1165) was an embedded cohort including premenopausal women with PCOS and clinical and biochemical examination...
March 8, 2018: Cardiovascular Diabetology
Sofia Lazaridou, Konstantinos Dinas, Konstantinos Tziomalos
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrinopathy in women of reproductive age. PCOS is not only the leading cause of anovulatory infertility but is also associated with an array of metabolic disorders, among which impaired glucose metabolism has been a topic of intense research. The aim of the present narrative review is to summarize the findings of the studies that have evaluated the prevalence and incidence of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in patients with PCOS, to analyze the factors underpinning the association between T2DM and PCOS and to discuss the current strategies for screening and management of impaired glucose metabolism in this population...
October 2017: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Shayesteh Mehdinejadiani, Fardin Amidi, Mehdi Mehdizadeh, Mahmood Barati, Leili Safdarian, Reza Aflatoonian, Ashraf Alyasin, Marzieh Aghahosseini, Azar Pazhohan, Parisa Hayat, Farzaneh Mohammadzadeh Kazorgah, Aligholi Sobhani
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrinologic disorder in women of reproductive age characterized by polycystic ovaries, oligo/anovulation, and hyperandrogenism. Not only anovulation but also endometrial dysfunction can reduce fertility in PCOS patients. Wnt pathway is responsible for endometrial proliferation which be strongly regulated by estradiol. To determine the effects of clomiphene citrate (CC) and letrozole, we measured the expression of some main ligands of Wnt/β-catenin signaling including Wnt7a, Wnt3, and Wnt8b in the endometrial samples taken from PCOS women on day 12 of the menses who received 100 mg CC or 5 mg letrozole as well as from women without treatment...
March 6, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
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