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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931128/6-year-review-of-redivi-a-prospective-registry-of-imported-infectious-diseases-in-spain
#1
José A Pérez-Molina, Ana López-Polín, Begoña Treviño, Israel Molina, Josune Goikoetxea, Marta Díaz-Menéndez, Diego Torrús, Eva Calabuig, Agustín Benito, Rogelio López-Vélez
Background: Understanding and detecting imported diseases is a priority in the prevention and management of prevalent and emergent infectious diseases acquired abroad. The +Redivi network measures the burden of imported infections in Spain and is essential for closing the gap in travel medicine. Methods: Demographic characteristics, travel information, syndromes and confirmed travel-related diagnoses were registered in a standardised online database. Results: A total of 10 767 cases of imported infectious diseases were registered between October 2009 and December 2015...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930265/a-review-on-ethno-medicinal-and-pharmacological-activities-of-sphenocentrum-jollyanum-pierre
#2
REVIEW
Olubukola Sinbad Olorunnisola, Olumide Samuel Fadahunsi, Peter Adegbola
Sphenocentrum jollyanum Pierre is a member of a diverse family of plants known as Menispermaceae. They are famous for a plethora of important biological functions. S. jollyanum is a shrub native to the tropical forest zones of West Africa and thrives in deep shade. It is widely cultivated in Cameroun, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, Ghana, and Côte d'Ivoire. S. jollyanum is employed in folk medicine as a cure for wounds, fever, coughs, high blood pressure, breast tumor, constipation, and as an aphrodisiac. Phytochemical investigations revealed that the plant is a rich source of secondary metabolites such as annin, alkaloids, saponins, and flavonoids...
July 3, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924506/automated-classification-of-tropical-shrub-species-a-hybrid-of-leaf-shape-and-machine-learning-approach
#3
Miraemiliana Murat, Siow-Wee Chang, Arpah Abu, Hwa Jen Yap, Kien-Thai Yong
Plants play a crucial role in foodstuff, medicine, industry, and environmental protection. The skill of recognising plants is very important in some applications, including conservation of endangered species and rehabilitation of lands after mining activities. However, it is a difficult task to identify plant species because it requires specialized knowledge. Developing an automated classification system for plant species is necessary and valuable since it can help specialists as well as the public in identifying plant species easily...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917221/determining-the-predictive-equation-for-height-from-ulnar-length-in-the-vietnamese-population
#4
Ana Bonell, Nguyen Nguyen Huyen, Vu Dinh Phu, Heiman Wertheim, Behzad Nadjm
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Height is an essential measurement in clinical medicine. It allows the calculation of body mass index, ideal body weight, basic energy requirements and tidal volumes. In many patient groups, such as the critically ill, height cannot be measured easily and surrogate anthropometric measures are used. Regression equations estimating height are specific to ethnicity. We aimed to develop the regression equation for Vietnamese men and women to predict height from ulna length and so improve prescription of life-saving treatment in the intensive care units...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914185/power-potential-and-pitfalls-in-global-health-academic-partnerships-review-and-reflections-on-an-approach-in-nepal
#5
David Citrin, Stephen Mehanni, Bibhav Acharya, Lena Wong, Isha Nirola, Rekha Sherchan, Bikash Gauchan, Khem Bahadur Karki, Dipendra Raman Singh, Sriram Shamasunder, Phuoc Le, Dan Schwarz, Ryan Schwarz, Binod Dangal, Santosh Kumar Dhungana, Sheela Maru, Ramesh Mahar, Poshan Thapa, Anant Raut, Mukesh Adhikari, Indira Basnett, Shankar Prasad Kaluanee, Grace Deukmedjian, Scott Halliday, Duncan Maru
BACKGROUND: Global health academic partnerships are centered around a core tension: they often mirror or reproduce the very cross-national inequities they seek to alleviate. On the one hand, they risk worsening power dynamics that perpetuate health disparities; on the other, they form an essential response to the need for healthcare resources to reach marginalized populations across the globe. OBJECTIVES: This study characterizes the broader landscape of global health academic partnerships, including challenges to developing ethical, equitable, and sustainable models...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888089/antidiabetic-potential-of-polyphenolic-rich-fraction-of-tamarindus-indica-seed-coat-in-alloxan-induced-diabetic-rats
#6
Santosh Singh Bhadoriya, Aditya Ganeshpurkar, Ravi Pratap Singh Bhadoriya, Sanjeev Kumar Sahu, Jay Ram Patel
BACKGROUND: Tamarindus is a monotypic genus and belongs to the subfamily Caesalpinioideae of the family Leguminosae (Fabaceae), Tamarindus indica L., commonly known as Tamarind tree is one of the most important multipurpose tropical fruit tree species in the India, Sudan, Nigeria, Bangladesh and entire subcontinent. METHODS: Hydroethanolic seed coat extract of Tamarindus indica (HETI) was assessed for presence of phytoconstituents and selection of optimum dose through acute and sub acute toxicity study...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885939/outcomes-from-u-s-military-supported-overseas-training-rotations-in-tropical-medicine-and-global-health-2006-2015
#7
James D Mancuso, Eric C Garges, Patrick W Hickey, Rodney L Coldren, Amy K Korman, Lisa W Keep, Robert F DeFraites, Jose L Sanchez
BACKGROUND: Since 2006, the Division of Tropical Public Health at the Uniformed Services University (USU) has sponsored the Tropical Medicine Training Program (TMTP). Despite practice guidelines stating that global health education should include the collection and evaluation of data on the impact of the training experiences, no quantitative evaluation of program outcomes had previously occurred. The objective of this report was to evaluate TMTP outcomes to guide program improvement. METHODS: We developed an anonymous, web-based survey to assess program outcomes as part of routine program evaluation...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885590/ethnopharmacology-and-therapeutic-value-of-bridelia-micrantha-hochst-baill-in-tropical-africa-a-comprehensive-review
#8
REVIEW
Alfred Maroyi
Bridelia micrantha is traditionally used in tropical Africa to treat a wide range of human and animal diseases. The aim of this study was to summarise the research that has been done on the ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological properties of B. micrantha so as to understand its importance and potential value in primary healthcare systems. The literature search for information on ethnomedicinal uses and pharmacological activities of B. micrantha was undertaken using databases such as Web of Science, Scopus, Google Scholar, Science Direct, BioMed Central (BMC), PubMed and Springerlink...
September 8, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873206/characterization-and-phylogenetic-affiliation-of-actinobacteria-from-tropical-soils-with-potential-uses-for-agro-industrial-processes
#9
J C M Dornelas, J E F Figueiredo, C S de Abreu, U G P Lana, C A Oliveira, I E Marriel
Secondary metabolites produced by Actinobacteria of tropical soils represent a largely understudied source of novel molecules with relevant application in medicine, pharmaceutical and food industries, agriculture, and environmental bioremediation. The present study aimed to characterize sixty-nine Actinobacteria isolated from compost and tropical soils using morphological, biochemical, and molecular methods. All the isolates showed high variation for morphological traits considering the color of pigments of the aerial and vegetative mycelium and spore chain morphology...
August 31, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871662/tropical-medicine-international-health
#10
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870337/research-advances-on-the-multiple-uses-of-moringa-oleifera-a-sustainable-alternative-for-socially-neglected-population
#11
REVIEW
Raimunda Sâmia Nogueira Brilhante, Jamille Alencar Sales, Vandbergue Santos Pereira, Débora de Souza Collares Maia Castelo-Branco, Rossana de Aguiar Cordeiro, Célia Maria de Souza Sampaio, Manoel de Araújo Neto Paiva, João Bosco Feitosa Dos Santos, José Júlio Costa Sidrim, Marcos Fábio Gadelha Rocha
Moringa oleifera Lam (Moringaceae) is a plant with high nutritional and medicinal value. Native to India, it is now widely distributed throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Its different parts are sources of proteins, vitamins and minerals and present different pharmacological and biotechnological potential. Moreover, M. oleifera seeds are widely used in water and effluent treatment, for their coagulation, flocculation and sedimentation properties, their ability of improving water quality, by reducing organic matter and microbial load, with special applicability in intensive animal production systems, such as aquaculture...
July 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868117/thiadiazoles-the-appropriate-pharmacological-scaffolds-with-leishmanicidal-and-antimalarial-activities-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Azar Tahghighi, Fateme Babalouei
Leishmaniasis and malaria are serious public health problems in tropical and sub-tropical regions worldwide. Development of drug-resistant strains has disrupted efforts to control the spread of these diseases in the world. The conventional antiparasitic chemotherapy still suffers from side effects and drug resistance. Therefore, the development of novel antimalarial and leishmanicidal drugs remains a critical topic to combat against these diseases. Five-membered heterocyclic systems have possessed antiparasitic activity such as thiadiazole scaffold which is a prevalent and an important heterocyclic ring...
June 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867257/oropharyngeal-candidiasis-prevalence-among-hiv-infected-patients-at-the-teaching-hospital-of-treichville-abidjan-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#13
A Konaté, P C M Barro-Kiki, K F Kassi, K E Angora, H Vanga-Bosson, V Djohan, A V Bédia-Tanoh, A J S Miézan, W Yavo, E I H Menan
AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to determine the mycological profile of oropharyngeal candidiasis among HIV-infected patients from Internal Medicine, Infectious and Tropical Diseases, and Pneumo-Phthisiology Diseases departments of the Teaching Hospital of Treichville in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study carried out on patients with lesions suggestive of oropharyngeal candidiasis from October 2010 to April 2011...
August 31, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851791/organ-damage-in-sickle-cell-disease-study-ordiss-protocol-for-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-based-in-ghana
#14
Kofi A Anie, Vivian Paintsil, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Daniel Ansong, Alex Osei-Akoto, Kwaku Ohene-Frempong, Kofi Aikins Amissah, Nicholas Addofoh, Ezekiel Bonwin Ackah, Amma Twumwa Owusu-Ansah, Solomon Fiifi Ofori-Acquah
INTRODUCTION: Sickle cell disease is highly prevalent in Africa with a significant public health burden. Nonetheless, morbidity and mortality in sickle cell disease that result from the progression of organ damage is not well understood. The Organ Damage in Sickle Cell Disease Study (ORDISS) is designed as a longitudinal cohort study to provide critical insight into cellular and molecular pathogenesis of chronic organ damage for the development of future innovative treatment. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: ORDISS aims to recruit children aged 0-15 years who attend the Kumasi Centre for Sickle Cell Disease based at the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital in Kumasi, Ghana...
August 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842341/the-genus-psiadia-review-of-traditional-uses-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology
#15
REVIEW
Keshika Mahadeo, Isabelle Grondin, Hippolyte Kodja, Joyce Soulange Govinden, Sabina Jhaumeer Laulloo, Michel Frederich, Anne Gauvin-Bialecki
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The genus Psiadia Jacq. ex. Willd. belongs to the Asteraceae family and includes more than 60 species. This genus grows in tropical and subtropical regions, being especially well represented in Madagascar and the Mascarene Islands (La Réunion, Mauritius and Rodrigues). Several Psiadia species have been used traditionally for their medicinal properties in Africa and the Mascarene Islands. Based on traditional knowledge, various phytochemical and pharmacological studies have been conducted...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842267/medicinal-properties-of-mangosteen-garcinia-mangostana-l-a-comprehensive-update
#16
REVIEW
Berenice Ovalle-Magallanes, Dianelena Eugenio-Pérez, José Pedraza-Chaverri
Garcinia mangostana L. (Clusiaceae) is a tropical tree native to Southeast Asia known as mangosteen which fruits possess a distinctive and pleasant taste that has granted them the epithet of "queen of the fruits". The seeds and pericarps of the fruit have a long history of use in the traditional medicinal practices of the region, and beverages containing mangosteen pulp and pericarps are sold worldwide as nutritional supplements. The main phytochemicals present in the species are isoprenylated xanthones, a class of secondary metabolites with multiple reports of biological effects, such as antioxidant, pro-apoptotic, anti-proliferative, antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, hypoglycemic and anti-obesity...
August 24, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840299/antimicrobial-and-antioxidant-activities-of-the-extract-and-fractions-of-tetradenia-riparia-hochst-codd-lamiaceae-leaves-from-brazil
#17
Ana Claudia A M Fernandez, Maurício F Rosa, Carla M M Fernandez, Wanessa C Bortolucci, Ulisses Z Melo, Vera L D Siqueira, Diógenes A G Cortez, José E Gonçalves, Giani A Linde, Zilda C Gazim
Tetradenia riparia (Lamiaceae) is native to Central Africa popularly known as myrrh, used in folk medicine to treat various diseases like malaria, gastroenteritis, and tropical skin disease. This research was to evaluate the antioxidant and antibacterial activities of the crude extract (CE) and fractions (FR) of the T. riparia by classical chromatography. The CE of T. riparia leaves was submitted to column chromatographic fractionation to obtain four fractions of the interest, which were identified by nuclear magnetic resonance and gas chromatograph coupled to mass spectrum: FR-I (abieta-7,9(11)-dien-13-β-ol), FR-II (Ibozol), FR-III (8 (14), 15-sandaracopimaradiene-2α, 18-diol and 8 (14), 15-sandaracopimaradiene-7α, 18-diol), and FR-IV (Astragalin, Boronolide and Luteolin)...
August 24, 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829893/first-cytotoxic-genotoxic-and-antigenotoxic-assessment-of-euterpe-oleracea-fruit-oil-a%C3%A3-a%C3%A3-in-cultured-human-cells
#18
E S Marques, M S F Tsuboy, J C T Carvalho, P C P Rosa, F F Perazzo, I O M Gaivão, E L Maistro
Euterpe oleracea Mart., popularly known as "açaí", is a tropical fruit from the Amazon region where it has considerable economic importance. Açaí has been used as food and for several medicinal purposes. Despite the widespread use of this fruit, there is a lack of data regarding the safety of using this fruit oil exclusively. Therefore, we evaluated the in vitro cytotoxic, genotoxic, and antigenotoxic effects of E. oleracea fruit oil (EOO) in cultured human lymphocytes (non-metabolizing cells) and HepG2 cell line (human hepatoma) (metabolizing cells) by using MTT, comet, and micronucleus assays...
August 17, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829348/nutritional-comparison-of-white-and-red-coccinia-abyssinica-lam-cong-accessions-an-under-utilised-edible-tuber-of-the-ethiopian-highlands
#19
Aditya Parmar, Bilatu Agza Gebre, Addisu Legesse, Yoseph Demelash, Kirsten Fladung, Oliver Hensel
Anchote (Coccinia abyssinica) is an indigenous tuber crop of the Ethiopian Highlands. It is popular in the western Oromia Region of the country. Apart from food, the crop is also used in traditional medicine. Anchote tubers possess two variations in its tissue colour, red and white. In this study, a small market survey and a nutritional comparison of red and white anchote were conducted. White tissue anchote seems to be more popular, due to its soft texture and ease of cooking. However, the red variant was considered for flour making (by dehydration), for use in porridge and soups for various medicinal and supplementary food applications...
August 22, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827970/development-of-validated-high-performance-thin-layer-chromatography-method-for-simultaneous-determination-of-quercetin-and-kaempferol-in-thespesia-populnea
#20
Hiteksha Panchal, Aeshna Amin, Mamta Shah
INTRODUCTION: Thespesia populnea L. (Family: Malvaceae) is a well-known medicinal plant distributed in tropical regions of the world and cultivated in South Gujarat and indicated to be useful in cutaneous affections, psoriasis, ringworm, and eczema. Bark and fruits are indicated in the diseases of skin, urethritis, and gonorrhea. The juice of fruits is employed in treating certain hepatic diseases. The plant is reported to contain flavonoids, quercetin, kaempferol, gossypetin, Kaempferol-3-monoglucoside, β-sitosterol, kaempferol-7-glucoside, and gossypol...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
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