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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786021/developing-and-implementing-a-global-emergency-medicine-course-lessons-learned-from-rwanda
#1
Sojung Yi, Olivier Félix Umuhire, Doris Uwamahoro, Mindi Guptill, Giles N Cattermole
Background: There is a growing demand by medical trainees for meaningful, short-term global emergency medicine (EM) experiences. EM programs in high-income countries (HICs) have forged opportunities for their trainees to access this experience in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, few programs in LMICs have created and managed such courses. As more LMICs establish EM programs, these settings are ideal for developing courses beneficial for all participants. We describe our experience of creating and implementing a short-term global EM course in Rwanda...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785194/genus-spondias-a-phytochemical-and-pharmacological-review
#2
REVIEW
Salma Sameh, Eman Al-Sayed, Rola M Labib, Abdel Nasser Singab
It is believed that many degenerative diseases are due to oxidative stress. In view of the limited drugs available for treating degenerative diseases, natural products represent a promising therapeutic strategy in the search for new and effective candidates for treating degenerative diseases. This review focuses on the genus Spondias which is widely used in traditional medicine for the treatment of many diseases. Spondias is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the cashew family (Anacardiaceae). This genus comprises 18 species distributed across tropical regions in the world...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779827/zika-virus-report-from-the-task-force-on-tropical-diseases-by-the-world-federation-of-societies-of-intensive-and-critical-care-medicine
#3
Gisele Sampaio Silva, Guy A Richards, Tim Baker, Jorge Hidalgo, Juan Ignacio Silesky Jiménez, Pravin Amin
Zika fever is an acute infectious disease caused by the Zika virus (ZIKV), an RNA virus belonging to the genus Flavivirus. ZIKV can be transmitted by bites from Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus species, sexual activity, blood transfusion and from mother to fetus during pregnancy and delivery. A total of 50 territories and countries in the Americas had reported ZIKV infections. For those with symptoms, the presentation is similar to dengue fever with body aches, joint pain, fatigue, malaise, fever and conjunctivitis lasting up to seven days...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773774/us-and-cuban-scientists-forge-collaboration-on-arbovirus-research
#4
Jorge Pérez-Ávila, Maria G Guzmán-Tirado, Jorge Fraga-Nodarse, Gray Handley, James Meegan, Jose L Pelegrino-Martínez de la Cotera, Anthony S Fauci
After December 17, 2014, when the US and Cuban governments announced their intent to restore relations, the two countries participated in various exchange activities in an effort to encourage cooperation in public health, health research and biomedical sciences. The conference entitled Exploring Opportunities for Arbovirus Research Collaboration, hosted at Havana's Hotel Nacional, was part of these efforts and was the first major US-Cuban scientific conference in over 50 years. Its purpose was to share information about current arbovirus research and recent findings, and to explore opportunities for future joint research...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770054/new-vaccine-administration-practice-recommendations-from-the-canadian-immunization-guide
#5
C Jensen, D Moore, C Mah, O Baclic, S Marchant-Short
Background: The Canadian Immunization Guide (CIG) is published online by the Public Health Agency of Canada and summarizes guidance on vaccines for human use into a single resource. Chapters are reviewed and updated on a regular basis. Vaccine administration is a critical part of any immunization program. Recently, the CIG chapter on vaccine administration practices was updated. Objective: To provide highlights of recent changes to the Vaccine Administration Practices chapter of the CIG...
November 2, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761755/a-deadly-wait-for-u-s-health-insurance-coverage-sitting-on-the-couch-with-malaria
#6
Jonathan S Schultz, Adam J Atherly, Andrés F Henao-Martínez
Uninsured and unprepared travelers to countries with endemic tropical diseases pose great health-care burdens and financial risks on returning to the United States. We discuss the delayed presentation of an uninsured U.S. traveler returning from West Africa with severe malaria who required intensive care measures to save his life. Despite being critically ill on his return, he sat rigoring on his couch taking antipyretics for 3 days, while he applied for insurance on the Affordable Care Act website and waited for approval because he was fearful of the costs of seeking care...
May 14, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757382/de-novo-genome-assembly-of-the-red-silk-cotton-tree-bombax-ceiba
#7
Yong Gao, Haibo Wang, Chao Liu, Honglong Chu, Dongqin Dai, Shengnan Song, Long Yu, Lihong Han, Yi Fu, Bin Tian, Lizhou Tang
Background: Bombax ceiba L. (the red silk cotton tree) is a large deciduous tree that is distributed in tropical and sub-tropical Asia, and northern Australia. It has great economic and ecological importance, with several applications in industry and traditional medicine in many Asian countries. To facilitate the further utilization of this plant resource, we present here the draft genome sequence for B. ceiba. Findings: We assembled a relatively intact genome of B...
May 10, 2018: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749562/medicinal-fungi-a-source-of-antiparasitic-secondary-metabolites
#8
REVIEW
Juliana Lenzi, Tania Maria Costa, Michele Debiasi Alberton, Juliane Araújo Greinert Goulart, Lorena Benathar Ballod Tavares
Regions with a tropical climate are frequently affected by endemic diseases caused by pathogenic parasites. More than one billion people worldwide are exposed directly to tropical parasites. The literature cites several antiparasitic metabolites obtained from medicinal plants or via synthetic pathways. However, fungi produce a diversity of metabolites that play important biological roles in human well-being. Thus, they are considered a potential source of novel natural agents for exploitation in the pharmaceutical industry...
May 10, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736140/antiulcerogenic-activity-of-the-hydroalcoholic-extract-of-leaves-of-annona-muricata-linnaeus-in-mice
#9
Elizângela Beneval Bento, Francisco Elizaudo de Brito Júnior, Dayanne Rakelly de Oliveira, Cícera Norma Fernandes, Gyllyandeson de Araújo Delmondes, Francisco Rafael Alves Santana Cesário, Cristina Kelly de Sousa Rodrigues, Valterlúcio Dos Santos Sales, Francisco Rodolpho Sobreira Dantas Nóbrega de Figueiredo, Izabel Cristina Santiago Lemos, Álefe Brito Monteiro, Irwin Rose Alencar de Menezes, José Galberto Martins da Costa, Marta Regina Kerntopf
Annona muricata Linnaeus, popularly known as "graviola" and also called soursop, is a species typical of countries with a tropical climate, and it is used in folk medicine as an anticancer, analgesic and antispasmodic agent. The aim of the present study was to validate the gastroprotective activity of the hydroalcoholic extract of the leaves of A. muricata (HEAM) and to investigate the underlying mechanisms of action for this effect. Gastric lesions were induced in mice by absolute ethanol, acidified ethanol or indomethacin...
May 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727733/lipophilic-extracts-of-leucas-zeylanica-a-multi-purpose-medicinal-plant-in-the-tropics-inhibit-key-enzymes-involved-in-inflammation-and-gout
#10
Mayuri Napagoda, Jana Gerstmeier, Hannah Butschek, Sybille Lorenz, Dinusha Kanatiwela, Sudhara De Soyza, Mallique Qader, Ajith Nagahawatte, Gaya Bandara Wijayaratne, Aleš Svatoš, Lalith Jayasinghe, Andreas Koeberle, Oliver Werz
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Leucas zeylanica (L.) W.T. Aiton is a popular, multi-purpose medicinal plant in Sri Lanka but the pharmacological potential and the chemical profile have not been systematically investigated to understand and rationalize the reported ethnobotanical significance. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study was undertaken to scientifically validate the traditional usage of this plant for the treatment of inflammatory conditions, gout and microbial infections...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720836/identification-of-potential-anticancer-protein-targets-in-cytotoxicity-mediated-by-tropical-medicinal-fern-extracts
#11
Siok-Thing Tan, Hean-Chooi Ong, Tsun-Thai Chai, Fai-Chu Wong
Background: Medicinal fern species represent a potentially important source for both food and medicinal applications. Previously, two underutilized tropical fern species (Blechnum orientale and Phymatopteris triloba) were reported with cytotoxic activities against selected cancer cell lines. However, the exact mechanism remains elusive. Objective: In this paper, we reported the identification of six differentially expressed proteins isolated from cancer cells, following exposure to the cytotoxic fern extracts...
April 2018: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717797/tropical-medicine-international-health
#12
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716590/in-vitro-effects-of-aqueous-extract-from-maytenus-senegalensis-lam-exell-stem-bark-on-egg-hatching-larval-migration-and-adult-worms-of-haemonchus-contortus
#13
Calvin Bogning Zangueu, Abiodoun Pascal Olounlade, Marlyse Ossokomack, Yolande Noelle Nangue Djouatsa, Goue Géorcelin Alowanou, Anatole Guy Blaise Azebaze, Eulogio José Llorent-Martínez, Maria Luisa Fernández de Córdova, Alain Bertrand Dongmo, Mawulé Sylvie Hounzangbe-Adote
BACKGROUND: Maytenus senegalensis is a common shrub which is scattered in tropical Africa. Different parts of this plant have been reported to be useful in traditional medicine against gastrointestinal disorders and intestinal worms. This study evaluated the anthelmintic activity of the aqueous stem bark extract of M. senegalensis using egg hatch assay (EHA), larval migration inhibition assay (LMIA) and adult worms' motility inhibition assay (AMIA). RESULTS: On EHA, the extract concentrations tested resulted in a significant (p < 0...
May 2, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710044/novel-bioactive-natural-products-isolated-from-madagascar-plants-and-marine-organisms-2009-2017
#14
Yumin Dai, Yixi Liu, L Harinantenaina Rakotondraibe
Madagascar's rain forests and tropical dry forests are home to numerous endemic plant species and the island is considered a biodiversity hotspot. About 80% of the Madagascan (Malagasy) population relies on traditional medicines that have been proven to contain a variety of biologically active compounds. In the search for bioactive compounds from Madagascan biodiversity, we accessed and collected most of the literature dealing with the isolation, structure elucidation, and biological activities of organic small molecules originating from Madagascan plants and marine organisms...
2018: Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704554/growth-physiological-antioxidants-and-immune-response-of-african-catfish-clarias-gariepinus-b-to-dietary-clove-basil-ocimum-gratissimum-leaf-extract-and-its-susceptibility-to-listeria-monocytogenes-infection
#15
Mohsen Abdel-Tawwab, Ibrahim Adeshina, Adetola Jenyo-Oni, Emmanual K Ajani, Benjami O Emikpe
Clove basil, Ocimum gratissimum, is a native plant to Africa and grows virtually in tropical and subtropical regions. It has good aroma and its leaves have become used as a spicy and in traditional medicine. The use of plant leaves in fish diets may deteriorate their growth because it may content anti-nutritional factors0 Thus, it is better to use plants leaves extract. In the current study, clove basil leaves extract (CBLE) was administrated to African catfish, Clarias gariepinus (B.) for 12 weeks to evaluate its effect on growth performance, physiological, antioxidants, and innate immunity variables...
April 25, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691188/medicinal-plants-from-the-brazilian-amazonian-region-and-their-antileishmanial-activity-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Bruno José Martins Da Silva, Amanda Anastácia Pinto Hage, Edilene Oliveira Silva, Ana Paula Drummond Rodrigues
Leishmaniasis, a neglected disease caused by Leishmania protozoans, primarily affects people in tropical and subtropical areas. Chemotherapy based on the use of pentavalent antimonials, amphotericin B, paromomycin, miltefosine and liposomal amphotericin B is currently the only effective treatment. However, adverse effects, long-term treatment and the emergence of parasite resistance have led to the search for alternative treatments. Natural products used in traditional medicine provide an unlimited source of molecules for the identification of new drugs, and the Amazon region has abundant biodiversity that includes several species of plants and animals, providing a rich source of new products and compounds...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681547/to-place-or-not-to-place-toward-an-environmental-history-of-modern-medicine
#17
Christopher Sellers
Reviewing recent, overlapping work by historians of medicine and health and of environmental history, this article proposes a further agenda upon which scholars in both fields may converge. Both environmental and medical historians can seek to understand the past two centuries of medical history in terms of a seesaw dialogue over the ways and means by which physicians and other health professionals did, and did not, consider the influence of place-airs and waters included-on disease. Modernizing and professionalizing as well as new styles of science nourished attendant aspirations for a clinical place neutrality, for a medicine in which patients' own places didn't matter to what doctors thought or did...
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678361/chikungunya-report-from-the-task-force-on-tropical-diseases-by-the-world-federation-of-societies-of-intensive-and-critical-care-medicine
#18
Pravin Amin, Gisele Sampaio Silva, Jorge Hidalgo, Juan Ignacio Silesky Jiménez, Dilip R Karnad, Guy A Richards
Chikungunya is an arbovirus that is transmitted by the Aedes mosquito causing a febrile illness with periodic outbreaks in large parts of the world. In the last decade it has become a public health concern in a host of countries and has affected international tourists. In the vast majority of cases Chikungunya presents as an acute febrile illness, associated with rash, headache, myalgia and debilitating arthralgia or even polyarthritis. A small proportion of patients present atypically with nervous, ocular, renal, myocardial, respiratory and renal system involvement and may require ICU management...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676709/-consult-online-digital-resource-for-tropical-doctors
#19
E P Baerends, W W E Nolet
Consult Online is a Dutch telemedicine system for physicians who work in international healthcare and tropical medicine (formerly known as 'tropical doctors'). It provides specialist advice for complicated cases where local specialist services are lacking. Eighty-nine experts from 25 different specialties are available for advice via www.troie.nl/consult-online. Most of these experts have worked in low resource settings for years before becoming specialists in other disciplines. Since its inception in 2008, Consult Online has received 639 consultations from 41 different countries...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671907/a-comprehensive-review-of-phytochemical-profile-bioactives-for-pharmaceuticals-and-pharmacological-attributes-of-azadirachta-indica
#20
REVIEW
Sumaira Saleem, Gulzar Muhammad, Muhammad Ajaz Hussain, Syed Nasir Abbas Bukhari
Azadirachta indica L. is a multipurpose medicinal tree of family Meliaceae. It occurs in tropical and semitropical regions of the world. Different parts of this miraculous tree are used to treat pyrexia, headache, ulcer, respiratory disorders, cancer, diabetes, leprosy, malaria, dengue, chicken pox, and dermal complications. The tree is popular for its pharmacological attributes such as hypolipidemic, antifertility, microbicidal, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, antipyretic, hypoglycemic, insecticidal, nematicidal, antiulcer, antioxidant, neuroprotective, cardioprotective, and antileishmaniasis properties...
April 19, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
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