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Anti-inflammatory foods

Joe W E Moss, Jessica O Williams, Dipak P Ramji
Atherosclerosis, a chronic inflammatory disorder of medium and large arteries and an underlying cause of cardiovascular disease (CVD), is responsible for a third of all global deaths. Current treatments for CVD, such as optimized statin therapy, are associated with considerable residual risk and several side effects in some patients. The outcome of research on the identification of alternative pharmaceutical agents for the treatment of CVD has been relatively disappointing with many promising leads failing at the clinical level...
February 14, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Tara L Moore, Bethany G E Bowley, Penny L Shultz, Samantha M Calderazzo, Eli J Shobin, Ajay R Uprety, Douglas L Rosene, Mark B Moss
Aged individuals experience decreased fine motor function of the hand and digits, which could result, in part, from the chronic, systemic state of inflammation that occurs with aging. Recent research for treating age-related inflammation has focused on the effects of nutraceuticals that have anti-inflammatory properties. One particular dietary polyphenol, curcumin, the principal curcuminoid of the spice turmeric, has been shown to have significant anti-inflammatory effects and there is mounting evidence that curcumin may serve to reduce systemic inflammation...
February 15, 2018: Somatosensory & Motor Research
Dan Wang, Dongxiao Sun-Waterhouse, Feng Li, Li Xin, Dapeng Li
Quercetin is a well-known flavonoid naturally occurring in most of the plant foods and is often found in the human diet. It can act as a potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent, and plays significant roles in the prevention of various chronic diseases. Recent findings revealed that quercetin could affect metabolic traits by regulating certain transcription factors or key proteins involved in cellular signal pathways and influencing the expression of functional genes along with related regulatory pathway(s), and that microRNAs (miRNAs) circulate in body fluids and are involved in post-transcriptional gene silencing and regulation of gene expression in various biological processes including development, proliferation, metabolism and inflammation...
February 15, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Maria Augusta Tremocoldi, Pedro Luiz Rosalen, Marcelo Franchin, Adna Prado Massarioli, Carina Denny, Érica Regina Daiuto, Jonas Augusto Rizzato Paschoal, Priscilla Siqueira Melo, Severino Matias de Alencar
This study aimed to evaluate the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and cytotoxic properties and phenolic composition of peel and seed of avocado varieties Hass and Fuerte using green solvents. Ethanol soluble compounds were identified in peel and seed of both varieties using HPLC-MS/MS and quantified using HPLC-DAD. Agro-industrial by-products of both varieties exhibited high radical scavenging activity against synthetic free radicals (DPPH and ABTS) and reactive oxygen species (peroxyl, superoxide, and hypochlorous acid) and high ability to reduce Fe3+ to Fe2+...
2018: PloS One
Vinicius Paula Venancio, Mara Ribeiro Almeida, Lusânia Maria Greggi Antunes
DNA damage and inflammation are promising targets in disease prevention studies. Since these pathways have shown to be modulated by dietary components, investigating the molecular effects of food becomes relevant. This study aimed at investigating the protective effects of cocoplum (Chrysobalanus icaco L.) against doxorubicin (DXR)-induced damage. Rats were treated with cocoplum (100, 200 or 400mg/kg/day) for 14days, associated or not with DXR (15mg/kg b.w.). Tissue-targeted comet assay and the oxidative stress parameters oxidized/reduced glutathione and catalase were investigated in liver, kidney, and heart...
March 2018: Food Research International
María Robles-Almazan, Mario Pulido-Moran, Jorge Moreno-Fernandez, Cesar Ramirez-Tortosa, Carmen Rodriguez-Garcia, Jose L Quiles, MCarmen Ramirez-Tortosa
Many beneficial properties have been attributed to the Mediterranean diet. Over the years, researchers have attempted to learn which foods and which food components are responsible for good health. One of these components is hydroxytyrosol, an important phenolic compound present in olive oil. Hydroxytyrosol is a molecule of high interest to the pharmaceutical industry due to its anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial qualities its role against cardiovascular diseases and metabolic syndrome and for its neuroprotection, antitumour, and chemo modulation effects...
March 2018: Food Research International
Yajing Fang, Fuqiang Liang, Kunyuan Liu, Shakeel Qaiser, Siyi Pan, Xiaoyun Xu
Flavonoids are a large group of polyphenols and widely distributed in plant foods. Flavonoids exhibit various biological activities, such as anti-cancer, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory while poor oral bioavailability has been considered as a major hurdle in their use as functional foods. Cellular uptake and efflux of flavonoid implicates their bioavailability. To investigate the cellular uptake and efflux of flavonoids, 27 flavonoids were measured for their cellular uptake in Caco-2 cells with (CUV) and without (CU) the inhibitor of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) verapamil...
March 2018: Food Research International
Irlla Correia Lima Licá, Alexandra Martins Dos Santos Soares, Ludmilla Santos Silva de Mesquita, Sonia Malik
Exudates released from plants, consist of complex mixtures of organic and inorganic molecules that have been used in traditional medicine from several years. They may vary among genera, species or within a genus and mainly include latex, sap, gums, resins, seed or root exudates. Plant exudates are known to possess several biological activities including, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, wound healing and anti-nociceptive. Exudates oozed out from plants have also been used as ingredients in medicines, food, perfumes and cosmetics...
March 2018: Food Research International
Wei Ying, Sumana Mahata, Gautam K Bandyopadhyay, Zhenqi Zhou, Joshua Wollam, Jessica Vu, Rafael Mayoral, Nai-Wen Chi, Nicholas J G Webster, Angelo Corti, Sushil K Mahata
The activation of Kupffer cells (KCs) and monocyte (Mc)-derived recruited macrophages (McMΦs) in the liver contributes to obesity-induced insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Diet-induced obese (DIO) mice treated with Chromogranin A (CgA) peptide catestatin (CST) showed several positive results. These included decreased hepatic/plasma lipids and plasma insulin, diminished expression of gluconeogenic genes, attenuated expression of pro-inflammatory genes, increased expression of anti-inflammatory genes in McMΦs, and inhibition of the infiltration of McMΦs resulting in improvement of insulin sensitivity...
February 6, 2018: Diabetes
Tetsuya Kuwano, Sawako Kawano, Daiji Kagawa, Yuka Yasuda, Yosuke Inoue, Takatoshi Murase
Skin properties are influenced by both external (e.g., ultraviolet [UV], chemicals, and bacteria) and internal factors (e.g., nutrition and hormones). Therefore, some dietary supplements are expected to improve skin conditions. Glucono-δ-lactone (GDL) is widely used as a food additive and is naturally present in wine, honey, and other foods. The aim of this study was to assess whether GDL improves skin condition and inflammation. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 40 healthy Japanese male volunteers were randomly assigned to either the GDL (2000 mg day-1) or placebo group...
February 12, 2018: Food & Function
Anamika Sharma, Robin Joshi, Shiv Kumar, Rohit Sharma, Rajneesh, Yogendra Padwad, Mahesh Gupta
The present investigation assessed the potential of Prunus cerasoides fruit extract (PCFE) in alleviation of inflammatory stress in response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ)-stimulated murine peritoneal macrophages as well as in concanavalin A (Con A)-activated splenic lymphocytes. We observed a strong inhibition in production of nitric oxide (NO), reactive oxygen species (ROS), inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α/IL-6/IL-1β), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and NF-kB in macrophages treated with PCFE...
February 10, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
Minju Joy, Kajal Chakraborty
Bivalve black clam, Villorita cyprinoides is traditional seafood in Southwestern coast of Arabian Sea. In this study, bioactivity-guided purification of ethyl acetate:methanol extract of black clam was carried out. Two irregular meroterpenoids {tetrahydro-3-methoxy-5-((E)-8,12-dimethyloct-8-enyl)-pyran-2-one (1) and dihydro-5-(8-(9,12-dihydro-8-methyl-11-propyl-2H-pyran-8-yl)-ethyl)-furan-2(3H)-one (2)} and two hexahydro-isochromenyl-meroterpenoids (3-4) were identified. The structures were characterized by detailed spectroscopy and their antioxidant/anti-inflammatory potentials were evaluated...
June 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Jing He, Lei Huo, Junsheng Ma, Jun Zhao, Roland L Bassett, Xiaoping Sun, Naoto T Ueno, Bora Lim, Yun Gong
Objectives: Inflammatory breast carcinoma (IBC) is rare but is the most lethal type of breast cancer. Programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression in IBCs has been understudied. Methods: In this study, tissue microarrays of 68 IBCs were immunostained with a PD-L1 antibody using an antibody clone (28-8) and detection system approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for selecting patients with non-small cell lung cancer and melanoma for anti-PD-L1 therapy. Results: Positive PD-L1 expression was found in 25 (36...
February 7, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
William B White, Robert A Kloner, Dominick J Angiolillo, Michael H Davidson
Over-the-counter analgesics are used globally for the relief of acute pain. Although effective, these agents can be associated with adverse effects that may limit their use in some people. In the early 2000s, observations from clinical trials of prescription-strength and supratherapeutic doses of nonselective and cyclooxygenase-2-selective nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) raised safety concerns regarding the risk of cardiovascular adverse effects with the use of these medications. Subsequently, the US Food and Drug Administration mandated additional study of the cardiovascular safety of NSAIDs for a more comprehensive understanding of their risk...
March 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
BoRa Yi, Mi-Ja Kim, JaeHwan Lee
The antioxidative or prooxidative properties of astaxanthin at the concentrations of 0, 10, and 100 μM were determined in oil-in-water (O/W) emulsions containing neutral, anionic, and cationic emulsifiers, which was Tween 20, sodium dodecyl sulfate, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), respectively, under chlorophyll photosensitization. The oxidative parameters and headspace volatiles were analyzed in O/W emulsions. In the 24 h period of visible light irradiation, 100 μM of astaxanthin acted as an antioxidant in O/W emulsions containing neutral and anionic emulsifiers...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Food Science
Hamid Y Dar, Anjali Singh, Prashant Shukla, Rajaneesh Anupam, Rajesh K Mondal, Pradyumna K Mishra, Rupesh K Srivastava
Osteoporosis is associated with reduced density and quality of bone leading to weakened skeleton thereby increasing the risk of fractures responsible for increased morbidity and mortality. Due to preference for western food style the consumption of salt intake in our diets has increased many folds. High dietary salt intake has recently been linked with induction of Th17 cells along with impairment of Treg cells. Also, Th17 cells have been one of major players in the pathophysiology of various bone pathologies including osteoporosis...
February 6, 2018: Scientific Reports
Marwa M M Refaie, Maram El-Hussieny, Nagwa M Zenhom
Cadmium (Cd) intoxication in human occurs through inhalation of cigarette smoke and ingestion of contaminated water and food. We investigated the role of nebivolol (NEB) in Cd induced hepatotoxicity. In our study; NEB was given as (10 mg/kg/d) orally to rats for 6 weeks, in the presence or absence of hepatotoxicity induced by oral administration of Cd (7 mg/kg/d) for 6 weeks. Levels of serum liver enzyme biomarkers; alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST) and serum total antioxidant capacity (TAC) were measured...
February 1, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Mesfin Yimam, Ping Jiao, Mei Hong, Lidia Brownell, Hyun-Jin Kim, Young-Chul Lee, Qi Jia
Patients with osteoarthritis experience debilitating pain and loss of joint function that requires chronic treatment. While nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have been effective for temporary symptomatic relief, their long term usage has been limited by their associated side-effects. UP1306, a standardized novel composition from the extracts of root barks of Morus alba and the heartwoods of Acacia catechu, has been used in over the counter joint care dietary supplements as a safer alternative. These two medicinal plants have long track records of safe human consumption...
January 30, 2018: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
Bi Decheng, Lai Qiuxian, Cai Nan, Li Tong, Zhang Yiyao, Han Qingguo, Peng Yanwen, Hong Xu, Jun Lu, Bao Weiyang, Qiong Liu, Xu Xu
Alginate-derived polymannuronate (PM) is a type of polysaccharide found in edible brown seaweeds. Seleno-polymannuronate (Se-PM) was prepared from PM via synthesis using a sulfation and selenation replacement reaction. The anti-inflammatory activity of Se-PM and the corresponding molecular mechanisms were investigated. Se-PM significantly attenuated the following in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated murine macrophage RAW264.7 cells: the production of nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and reactive oxygen species (ROS); the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2); and the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Afaf Shuaib Badi Albaqawi, Nagah Mohamed Abo El-Fetoh, Reem Faleh Abdullah Alanazi, Najah Salah Farhan Alanazi, Sara Emad Alrayya, Arwa Nughaymish Mulfi Alanazi, Shoug Zeid Trad Alenezi, Rehab Abdallah Alrkowi Alanazi, Anfal Muaddi Alshalan, Omar Tabaan Alenezi, Wafaa Mohamed Bakr Ali
Background: Peptic ulcer disease is a multifactorial health problem, and its prevalence and risk factors have changed considerably within the past century. Objective: To determine the prevalence of peptic ulcer among the population of Arar city and to identify risk factors for peptic ulcer and to estimate their relative impact on ulcer incidence. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out on the population of Arar city, Northern Saudi Arabia from November 01, 2016 to April 30, 2017...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
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