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Anti-inflammatory foods

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032040/effects-of-dietary-ginkgo-biloba-leaf-extract-on-growth-performance-plasma-biochemical-parameters-fish-composition-immune-responses-liver-histology-and-immune-and-apoptosis-related-genes-expression-of-hybrid-grouper-epinephelus-lanceolatus%C3%A2-%C3%A3-epinephelus-fuscoguttatus%C3%A2
#1
Xiaohong Tan, Zhenzhu Sun, Qingying Liu, Huaqun Ye, Cuiyun Zou, Chaoxia Ye, Anli Wang, Heizhao Lin
For thousands of years, leaves from the Ginkgo biloba tree have been a common treatment in Chinese medicine. The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary ginkgo biloba leaf extract (GBE) supplementation on growth performance, plasma biochemical parameters, fish composition, immune responses, liver histology, and immune and apoptosis-related genes expression of hybrid grouper (Epinephelus lanceolatus♂ × Epinephelus fuscoguttatus♀) fed high lipid diets. A basal diet supplemented with GBE at 0, 0...
October 11, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031211/cyanidin-3-o-glucoside-inhibits-the-uvb-induced-ros-cox-2-pathway-in-hacat-cells
#2
Yong He, Yunfeng Hu, Xinwei Jiang, Tianfeng Chen, Yuetang Ma, Shi Wu, Jianxia Sun, Rui Jiao, Xiaoling Li, Liehua Deng, Weibin Bai
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation from sunlight, especially UVB (290-320nm), is one of the most important environmental factors that destroys the integrity of the skin and causes epidermal cell apoptosis, potentially even leading to skin cancer. UVB irradiation can cause skin damage by stimulating inflammatory and apoptotic pathways. Anthocyanins are flavonoids that are common in many vegetable foods, and have also demonstrated chemopreventive effects. Cyanidin-3-O-glucoside, as a typical anthocyanin, exhibits anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030688/neurotrophic-function-of-phytochemicals-for-neuroprotection-in-aging-and-neurodegenerative-disorders-modulation-of-intracellular-signaling-and-gene-expression
#3
REVIEW
Makoto Naoi, Keiko Inaba-Hasegawa, Masayo Shamoto-Nagai, Wakako Maruyama
Bioactive compounds in food and beverages have been reported to promote health and prevent age-associated decline in cognitive, motor and sensory activities, and emotional function. Phytochemicals, a ubiquitous class of plant secondary metabolites, protect neuronal cells by interaction with cellular activities, in addition to the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory function. In aging and age-associated neurodegenerative disorders, phytochemicals protect neuronal cells by neurotrophic factor-mimic activity, in addition to suppression of apoptosis signaling in mitochondria...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027954/marine-sponge-natural-products-with-anticancer-potential-an-updated-review
#4
REVIEW
Cinzia Calcabrini, Elena Catanzaro, Anupam Bishayee, Eleonora Turrini, Carmela Fimognari
Despite the huge investment into research and the significant effort and advances made in the search for new anticancer drugs in recent decades, cancer cure and treatment continue to be a formidable challenge. Many sources, including plants, animals, and minerals, have been explored in the oncological field because of the possibility of identifying novel molecular therapeutics. Marine sponges are a prolific source of secondary metabolites, a number of which showed intriguing tumor chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic properties...
October 13, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027830/occurrence-types-properties-and-interactions-of-phenolic-compounds-with-other-food-constituents-in-oil-bearing-plants
#5
Muhammad H Alu'datt, Taha Rababah, Mohammad N Alhamad, Ghaid J Al-Rabadi, Carole C Tranchant, Ali Almajwal, Stan Kubow, Inteaz Alli
Phenolic phytochemicals have become of interest due to their therapeutic potential, particularly with regards to their anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, hypolipidemic, and hypoglycemic properties. An evolving area of research involving phenolics in foods and their products pertains to the functional, biological, and nutritional consequences resulting from the binding between certain phenolic compounds and the macronutrient and micronutrient constituents of foods. The goal of this review is to provide a summary of studies investigating endogenous phenolic interactions with major components in food systems, including carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, minerals and vitamins, with a focus on the phenolic compounds and nutrients in oil-bearing plants...
October 13, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026214/treatment-with-the-tgf-b-superfamily-cytokine-mic-1-gdf15-reduces-the-adiposity-and-corrects-the-metabolic-dysfunction-of-mice-with-diet-induced-obesity
#6
Vw-W Tsai, H P Zhang, R Manandhar, K K M Lee-Ng, H Lebhar, C P Marquis, Y Husaini, A Sainsbury, D A Brown, S N Breit
OBJECTIVES: To test the potential efficacy of recombinant macrophage inhibitory cytokine-1 (MIC-1/GDF15) as an obesity therapeutic. METHODS: Male C57BL/6J mice, either fed on normal-chow or high-fat-diet for 16 weeks in order to induce diet-induced obesity, were infused with either recombinant MIC-1/GDF15 or vehicle for 34 days by osmotic-mini-pump. During the experimental period metabolic parameters were measured. Blood and tissue were collected for analysis of inflammatory markers...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023758/biological-activities-of-agave-by-products-and-their-possible-applications-in-food-and-pharmaceuticals
#7
REVIEW
Julio Cesar López-Romero, Jesús Fernando Ayala-Zavala, Gustavo Adolfo González-Aguilar, Etna Aida Peña-Ramos, Humberto González-Ríos
Agave leaves are considered a by-product of alcoholic beverage production (tequila, mezcal and bacanora) because they are discarded during the production process, despite accounting for approximately 50 % of the total plant weight. These by-products constitute a potential source of Agave extracts rich in bioactive compounds, such as saponins, phenolic compounds and terpenes, and possess different biological effects, as demonstrated by in vitro and in vivo tests (e.g., antimicrobial, antifungal, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antihypertensive, immunomodulatory, antiparasitic, and anticancer activity)...
October 11, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023424/dietary-anthocyanins-and-insulin-resistance-when-food-becomes-a-medicine
#8
REVIEW
Tarun Belwal, Seyed Fazel Nabavi, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi, Solomon Habtemariam
Insulin resistance is an abnormal physiological state that occurs when insulin from pancreatic β-cells is unable to trigger a signal transduction pathway in target organs such as the liver, muscles and adipose tissues. The loss of insulin sensitivity is generally associated with persistent hyperglycemia (diabetes), hyperinsulinemia, fatty acids and/or lipid dysregulation which are often prevalent under obesity conditions. Hence, insulin sensitizers are one class of drugs currently employed to treat diabetes and associated metabolic disorders...
October 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022634/the-anti-inflammatory-effect-of-agaricus-brasiliensis-is-partly-due-to-its-linoleic-acid-content
#9
Papawee Saiki, Yasuhiro Kawano, Leo J L D Van Griensven, Koyomi Miyazaki
For hundreds of years mushrooms have been used as functional food for health. The basidiomycete Agaricus brasiliensis (A. brasiliensis) is famous for the medicinal properties of its beta glucans and of its antioxidants. Most researchers have studied polysaccharides from A. brasiliensis for their anti-inflammatory activity. However, active compounds from this mushroom have not yet been studied for the inactivation of NO inhibitory activity. The present study aimed to find the active compounds from A. brasiliensis for their NO inhibitory activity related inflammatory activity...
October 12, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020880/pulsed-electromagnetic-fields-and-tissue-engineering-of-the-joints
#10
Kenjiro Iwasa, Reddi A Hari
BACKGROUND: Bone and cartilage joint formation, maintenance and regeneration are regulated by both chemical and physical signals. Among the physical signals there is increasing realization of the role of Pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) in the treatment of nonunions of bone fractures. The discovery of the piezoelectric properties of bone by Fukada and Yasuda in 1953 in Japan established the foundation of this field. Pioneering research by Bassett and Brighton and their teams resulted in the approval by Food and Drug Administration (FDA) the use of PEMF in treatment of fracture healing...
October 12, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part B, Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018965/the-role-of-maintenance-therapy-in-eosinophilic-esophagitis-who-why-and-how
#11
REVIEW
Hamish Philpott, Evan S Dellon
In patients with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) who do not respond to proton pump inhibitors, initial anti-inflammatory/anti-eosinophilic treatment is with either topical corticosteroids or dietary elimination. A large body of literature supports the efficacy of these approaches, with histologic response rates in the 50-90% range for steroids and 70% range for the six-food elimination diet. However, these studies are almost all short-term and data evaluating long-term safety and efficacy of either treatment are limited...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018874/flavocoxid-exerts-a-potent-antiviral-effect-against-hepatitis-b-virus
#12
Teresa Pollicino, Cristina Musolino, Natasha Irrera, Alessandra Bitto, Daniele Lombardo, Martina Timmoneri, Letteria Minutoli, Giovanni Raimondo, Giovanni Squadrito, Francesco Squadrito, Domenica Altavilla
INTRODUCTION: Flavocoxid is a proprietary blend of two flavonoids, baicalin and catechin, and recent evidence has shown that bioflavonoids may exert antiviral activities. The potential antiviral activity of Flavocoxid against hepatitis B virus (HBV) was evaluated. Additionally, it was investigated if Flavocoxid used in combination with Entecavir could potentiate its anti-HBV activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hepatoma cells replicating HBV were treated with Flavocoxid, or Entecavir alone or in combination for up to 5 days...
October 10, 2017: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018449/mechanisms-cofactors-and-augmenting-factors-involved-in-anaphylaxis
#13
REVIEW
Rosa Muñoz-Cano, Mariona Pascal, Giovanna Araujo, M J Goikoetxea, Antonio L Valero, Cesar Picado, Joan Bartra
Anaphylaxis is an acute and life-threatening systemic reaction. Many triggers have been described, including food, drug, and hymenoptera allergens, which are the most frequently involved. The mechanisms described in anaphylactic reactions are complex and implicate a diversity of pathways. Some of these mechanisms may be key to the development of the anaphylactic reaction, while others may only modify its severity. Although specific IgE, mast cells, and basophils are considered the principal players in anaphylaxis, alternative mechanisms have been proposed in non-IgE anaphylactic reactions...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991531/identification-of-human-cytochrome-p450-and-ugt-enzymes-involved-in-the-metabolism-of-ferulic-acid-a-major-bioactive-component-in-traditional-chinese-medicines
#14
Xiao-Mei Zhuang, Lin Chen, Yan Tan, Hai-Ying Yang, Chuang Lu, Yue Gao, Hua Li
Ferulic acid (FA) is an active component of herbal medicines. One of the best documented activities of FA is its antioxidant property. Moreover, FA exerts antiallergic, anti-inflammatory, and hepatoprotective effects. However, the metabolic pathways of FA in humans remain unclear. To identify whether human CYP or UGT enzymes are involved in the metabolism of FA, reaction phenotyping of FA was conducted using major CYP-selective chemical inhibitors together with individual CYP and UGT Supersomes. The CYP- and/or UGT-mediated metabolism kinetics were examined simultaneously or individually...
September 2017: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988409/the-nutritional-and-health-benefits-of-kiwiberry-actinidia-arguta-a-review
#15
Piotr Latocha
The kiwiberry (Actinidia arguta) is a new product on the market that is enjoying growing consumer acceptance around the world. This widespread interest has created increased demand for identification of the kiwiberry's nutritional health benefits. Containing over 20 essential nutrients and a range of vitamins, the kiwiberry comes near the top of fruits classed as superfoods. It is one of the richest sources of vitamin C with up to 430 mg/100 g fresh weight (FW) and is considered the richest dietary source of myo-inositol (up to 982 mg/100 g FW)...
October 7, 2017: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988386/perspectives-on-medicinal-properties-of-natural-phenolic-monoterpenoids-and-their-hybrids
#16
REVIEW
Jamatsing D Rajput, Suresh D Bagul, Umesh D Pete, Chetan M Zade, Subhash B Padhye, Ratnamala S Bendre
Carvacrol, thymol and eugenol belong to a class of naturally presenting phenols with a ten-carbon unit, which are present in essential oils of many plants. These versatile molecules are incorporated as useful ingredients in many food products and find applications in agricultural, pharmaceutical, fragrance, cosmetic, flavor and other industries. They are wide ranging of biological and pharmaceutical activities: anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, analgesic, anticancer and antioxidant. This review summarizes pharmacological and medicinal activities of these phytochemicals and their synthetic hybrids...
October 7, 2017: Molecular Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987717/protective-effect-of-rumenic-acid-rich-cow-s-milk-against-colitis-is-associated-with-the-activation-of-nrf2-pathway-in-a-murine-model
#17
P Bergamo, E Cocca, A Monaco, V Cozzolino, F Boscaino, I Ferrandino, F Maurano, M Rossi
Dietary supplementation with pure cis9, trans11 isomer of Conjugated Linoleic Acid -known as Rumenic Acid (RA)- improves cytoprotective defenses downstream through the activation of nuclear factor-E2-related factor-2(Nrf2). This capability, when Rumenic Acid is consumed in the form of foods, is still unknown. The ability of standard (St) or cow milk naturally-enriched in RA (En) to activate Nrf2 pathway and its impact on dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis was comparatively evaluated. Activity of Nrf2 pathway was investigated in colonic tissue of BALB/c mice, receiving 4-week supplement with skimmed milk (SK), St or St reinforced with pure RA (RSt) providing increasing RA dose (0, 124 or 404mg RA/kg(-1) b...
October 2017: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987361/comparative-effect-of-horse-gram-and-black-gram-on-inflammatory-mediators-and-antioxidant-status
#18
Vrinda Rajagopal, Chithra K Pushpan, Helen Antony
A balanced diet is important for the overall wellbeing of an individual. Pulses are an important part of a nutritive diet. Pulses have been consumed for at least 10,000 years and are among the most extensively used foods in the world. They are a rich source of protein and fiber, as well as a significant source of vitamins and minerals, such as iron, zinc, and magnesium. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of two pulses, horse gram and black gram, on inflammatory mediators and the antioxidant enzymes...
October 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986996/metabolite-profiling-of-ginsenosides-in-rat-plasma-urine-and-faeces-by-lc-ms-ms-and-its-application-to-a-pharmacokinetic-study-after-oral-administration-of-panax-ginseng-extract
#19
Wei-Wei Dong, Xiong-Zhe Han, Jinhua Zhao, Fei-Liang Zhong, Rui Ma, Songquan Wu, Donghao Li, Lin-Hu Quan, Jun Jiang
Panax ginseng has been widely consumed as a functional food in the form of tea, powder, capsules, among others, and possesses a range of pharmacological activities including adaptogenic, immune-modulatory, anti-tumour, anti-aging, and anti-inflammatory effects. The aim of this study was to identify and quantify the major ginsenosides and their metabolites in rat plasma, urine, and faeces after administration of Panax ginseng extract by using LC-MS/MS. We collected rat plasma samples at 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, 12, 24, and 48 h, and the amounts of urine and faecal samples accumulated in 24 h...
October 7, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985721/a-descriptive-pilot-study-of-cytokine-production-following-stimulation-of-ex-vivo-whole-blood-with-commercial-therapeutic-feline-hydrolyzed-diets-in-individual-healthy-immunotolerant-cats
#20
Aarti Kathrani, Jennifer A Larsen, Gino Cortopassi, Sandipan Datta, Andrea J Fascetti
BACKGROUND: Hydrolyzed diets are used in companion animals for the diagnosis and treatment of adverse food reaction. Similarly, hydrolyzed formulas are used in human infants with severe inflammatory bowel disease or milk allergy, and these must meet the standard of hypoallergenicity through rigorous testing. Unfortunately, no standards are currently applied to hydrolyzed veterinary therapeutic diets, and data for the immunogenicity of feline diets is also not available. Therefore, the main aim of this pilot study was to determine if ex-vivo whole blood stimulation assays could be used to characterize the cytokine response to hydrolyzed commercial diets in a small number of individual healthy immunotolerant cats...
October 6, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
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