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Anti-inflammatory foods

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672044/andrographolide-antagonizes-tnf-%C3%AE-induced-il-8-via-inhibition-of-nadph-oxidase-ros-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-src-mapks-ap-1-axis-in-human-colorectal-cancer-hct116-cells
#1
Miaomiao Yuan, Wei Meng, Wenzhen Liao, Sen Lian
Andrographis paniculata Nees is used as a functional food in Japan, Korea, India and China. Andrographolide, a naturally occurring phytochemical identified in Andrographis paniculata, has been discovered to present anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities. Highly expressed of interleukin (IL-8) has been detected in colorectal cancer and is implicated in angiogenesis. However, the effect and molecular mechanisms of IL-8 expression by andrographolide remain obscure in human colorectal cancer cells. The present study was aimed to investigate the effects of andrographolide on TNF-α-induced IL-8 expression and its underlying mechanisms...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671173/cornus-mas-l-fruit-as-a-potential-source-of-natural-health-promoting-compounds-physico-chemical-characterisation-of-bioactive-components
#2
Marta De Biaggi, Dario Donno, Maria Gabriella Mellano, Isidoro Riondato, Ernest N Rakotoniaina, Gabriele L Beccaro
Interest in new sources of anti-inflammatory and antioxidant compounds has recently become a major research issue, with the cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L.) receiving particular attention for its significant amounts of phenolic compounds and vitamins, which exhibit a wide range of biological and pharmacological properties. This study was aimed at increasing knowledge regarding the cornelian cherry in Italy through the analysis of biologically active substances in the locally available genotype "Chieri"...
April 19, 2018: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662645/a-novel-herbal-formula-sge-induces-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-mediated-cancer-cell-death-and-alleviates-cachexia-symptoms-induced-by-colon-26-adenocarcinoma
#3
Aeyung Kim, Minju Im, Jin Yeul Ma
Cachexia in cancer patients, characterized by marked involuntary weight loss and impaired physical function, is associated with a poor prognosis in response to conventional treatment and with an increase in cancer-related mortality. Prevention of skeletal muscle loss under cancer-induced cachexia via inhibition of pro-cachectic factors, as well as a reduction in tumor mass, has been considered reasonable pharmacological and nutritional interventions to treat cancer patients. In this study, we constructed a novel herbal formula, SGE, which contains Ginseng Radix alba, Atractylodis Rhizoma alba , and Hoelen , examined its anti-cancer and anti-cachexia efficacies...
March 27, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660809/prosopis-nigra-mesocarp-fine-flour-a-source-of-phytochemicals-with-potential-effect-on-enzymes-linked-to-metabolic-syndrome-oxidative-stress-and-inflammatory-process
#4
María J Pérez, Iris C Zampini, Maria R Alberto, María I Isla
This work is part of the search in native food matrices from arid regions of Argentina of interest to improve human health. Prosopis species are ethnic food resources in South America capable of growing in arid and semi-arid environments. This work was focused to determine the nutritional and phytochemical composition of Prosopis nigra fine flour and to evaluate its biological properties. Flour showed a high level of sucrose (30.35 g/100 g flour), fiber (6.34 g/100 g flour), polyphenols (0.45 g GAE/100 g flour), and minerals (potassium, calcium, and magnesium)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656381/cowpea-an-overview-on-its-nutritional-facts-and-health-benefits
#5
REVIEW
Chathuni Jayathilake, Rizliya Visvanathan, Afka Deen, Ruksheela Bangamuwage, Barana C Jayawardana, Srinivas Nammi, Ruvini Liyanage
Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is a legume consumed as a high-quality plant protein source in many parts of the world. High protein and carbohydrate contents with relatively low fat content and complementary amino acid pattern to that of cereal grains make cowpea an important nutritional food in the human diet. Cowpea has gained more attention recently from consumers and researchers worldwide due to its exerted health beneficial properties including anti-diabetic, anti-cancer, anti-hyperlipidemic, anti-inflammatory and anti-hypertensive properties...
April 15, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656210/micheliolide-alleviates-hepatic-steatosis-in-db-db-mice-by-inhibiting-inflammation-and-promoting-autophagy-via-ppar-%C3%AE-mediated-nf-%C3%B0%C2%BAb-and-ampk-mtor-signaling
#6
Juan Zhong, Wangqiu Gong, Jing Chen, Yao Qing, Shuyue Wu, Hongbei Li, Chunxi Huang, Yihua Chen, Yuxian Wang, Zhaozhong Xu, Wenting Liu, HongYu Li, Haibo Long
The anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, and anticancer effects of micheliolide (MCL) isolated from Michelia champaca were previously reported, but its role and underlying mechanisms in relieving liver steatosis remain unclear. Herein, we investigated the effects of MCL on hepatic steatosis using a db/db mouse model and lipid mixture (LM)-induced AML12 and LO2 cells. The body and liver weights, food consumption, lipid content and liver aminotransferase levels in serum, the lipid content and inflammatory cytokine levels in liver tissue, and the extent of hepatic steatosis in db/db mice were increased compared with those in db/m mice, and these increases were reversed by MCL treatment...
April 12, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655690/bg-4-a-novel-bioactive-peptide-from-momordica-charantia-inhibits-lipopolysaccharide-induced-inflammation-in-thp-1-human-macrophages
#7
Lynsey D Jones, Philipus Pangloli, Hari B Krishnan, Vermont P Dia
BACKGROUND: Bitter melon (Momordica charantia) is a commonly used food crop for management of a variety of diseases most notably for control of diabetes, a disease associated with aberrant inflammation. PURPOSE: To evaluate the anti-inflammatory property of BG-4, a novel bioactive peptide isolated from the seed of bitter melon. METHODS: Differentiated THP-1 human macrophages were pre-treated with BG-4 and stimulated with lipopolysaccharide...
March 15, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649709/the-relationship-between-the-dietary-inflammatory-index-dii-%C3%A2-and-incident-depressive-symptoms-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#8
Nitin Shivappa, James R Hébert, Nicola Veronese, Maria Gabriella Caruso, Maria Notarnicola, Stefania Maggi, Brendon Stubbs, Joseph Firth, Michele Fornaro, Marco Solmi
BACKGROUND: Diet is a common source of inflammation, and inflammation is associated with depression. We examined the association between the dietary inflammatory index (DII® ), a validated measure of inflammatory potential of the diet, and risk of depression in a cohort of older North American adults. METHODS: This longitudinal study, with a follow-up of 8 years, included 3648 participants (1577 males, 2071 females; mean age: 60.6 years) with/at risk of knee osteoarthritis...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644910/encapsulation-of-biological-active-phenolic-compounds-extracted-from-wine-wastes-in-alginate-chitosan-microbeads
#9
Alexandra Moschona, Maria Liakopoulou-Kyriakides
Grapes (Vitis vinifera) are produced in large amounts worldwide and mostly are used for winemaking. Their untreated wastes are rich in valuable secondary metabolites, such as phenolics. Thus, in this study, white and red wine wastes ("Malagouzia" and "Syrah" variety) were investigated for their added value phenolics, which were analyzed by HPLC-ESI/MS and subsequently encapsulated in several polymers. Extracts from all wastes gave high amounts of total phenolics (13±2.72-22±2.69 mg g-1 ) and possessed high antioxidant activity (67-97%)...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Microencapsulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643134/food-dependent-exercise-induced-anaphylaxis
#10
Robert H Wauters, Taylor A Banks, Evelyn M Lomasney
Food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIAn), first reported in 1979, is a condition defined by the consumption of a trigger food with temporally related exercise that results in an immediate hypersensitivity (type 1) reaction in the setting of the trigger food being tolerated independent of exercise and exercise being tolerated in the absence of trigger food consumption. The most common trigger food in the west is wheat and shellfish in Asia. The exact mechanism of FDEIAn is unknown, though several hypotheses exist...
April 11, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628291/citri-reticulatae-pericarpium-chenpi-botany-ethnopharmacology-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-a-frequently-used-traditional-chinese-medicine
#11
REVIEW
Xin Yu, Shuang Sun, Yuyan Guo, Yan Liu, Dayu Yang, Guoyu Li, Shaowa Lü
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium (Rutaceae, CRP), commonly called as Chenpi () in Chinese, is most frequently used as a qi-regulating drug in thousands of Chinese medicine prescriptions. CRP is found mainly in major citrus-producing areas such as the Guangdong, Guangxi, Sichuan, Fujian, and Zhejiang Provinces of China. Since thousands of years in China, CRP has been used widely in clinical practice to treat nausea, vomiting, indigestion, anepithymia, diarrhea, cough, expectoration, and so on...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619623/5-hydroxymethylfurfural-hmf-levels-in-honey-and-other-food-products-effects-on-bees-and-human-health
#12
REVIEW
Ummay Mahfuza Shapla, Md Solayman, Nadia Alam, Md Ibrahim Khalil, Siew Hua Gan
An organic compound known as 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) is formed from reducing sugars in honey and various processed foods in acidic environments when they are heated through the Maillard reaction. In addition to processing, storage conditions affect the formation HMF, and HMF has become a suitable indicator of honey quality. HMF is easily absorbed from food through the gastrointestinal tract and, upon being metabolized into different derivatives, is excreted via urine. In addition to exerting detrimental effects (mutagenic, genotoxic, organotoxic and enzyme inhibitory), HMF, which is converted to a non-excretable, genotoxic compound called 5-sulfoxymethylfurfural, is beneficial to human health by providing antioxidative, anti-allergic, anti-inflammatory, anti-hypoxic, anti-sickling, and anti-hyperuricemic effects...
April 4, 2018: Chemistry Central Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616249/anti-aging-potential-of-tree-nuts-with-a-focus-on-the-phytochemical-composition-molecular-mechanisms-and-thermal-stability-of-major-bioactive-compounds
#13
REVIEW
Marius Emil Rusu, Ana-Maria Gheldiu, Andrei Mocan, Laurian Vlase, Daniela-Saveta Popa
Tree nuts, complete functional foods, contain macro- and micronutrients of high biological value. These bioactive compounds have a synergistic effect in preventing and delaying many age-related pathologies (e.g. cardiovascular diseases, stroke, type 2 diabetes mellitus, certain types of cancer, and several neurodegenerative diseases). Tree nuts are low in carbohydrates, but they abound in healthy fatty acids, in optimal proportion for a good plasma lipid profile, and are a good source of proteins, rich in proteinogenic amino acids...
April 4, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611556/-helicobacter-hepaticus-polysaccharide-induces-an-anti-inflammatory-response-in-intestinal-macrophages
#14
COMMENT
Camille Danne, Fiona Powrie
A high density of microbes inhabits the intestine, helping with food digestion, vitamin synthesis, xenobiotic detoxification, pathogen resistance and immune system maturation. Crucial for human health, communities of commensal bacteria (collectively termed microbiota) benefit in return from a nutrient-rich environment. Host-microbiota mutualism results from a long-term co-adaptation. At barrier surfaces, immune cells distinguish harmful from commensal bacteria and tolerate non-self organisms at close proximity to the mucosa; gut inhabitants have developed strategies to ensure beneficial conditions in their preferred niche...
March 22, 2018: Microbial Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611476/antimicrobial-peptides-phylogenic-sources-and-biological-activities-first-of-two-parts
#15
Thea Magrone, Matteo Antonio Russo, Emilio Jirillo
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are phylogenetically ancient substances released by living organisms for self protection against a broad variety of microbes. Moreover, AMPs are endowed with immune modulatory activities, linking innate and adaptive immunity together. Lantibiotics are AMPs of bacterial origin currently investigated for the generation of a new class of anti-infective compounds, owing to the phenomenon of antibiotic resistance against a broad variety of bacteria. Also, plants and marine AMPs are screened as novel drugs against human pathogens...
April 3, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610550/non-specific-protein-modifications-may-be-novel-mechanism-underlying-bioactive-phytochemicals
#16
REVIEW
Akira Murakami
In a variety of experimental models, dietary phytochemicals have been demonstrated to exhibit pronounced and versatile bioactivities. Importantly, the possibility of such phytochemicals for human application has been supported in part by epidemiological surveys, which have demonstrated that frequent ingestion of vegetables and fruits containing abundant phytochemicals lowers the risk of onset of various diseases. However, the action mechanisms underlying those dietary phytochemical activities remain to be fully elucidated...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604620/supplementation-of-caricol%C3%A2-gastro-reduces-chronic-gastritis-disease-associated-pain
#17
Friedrich-Anton Weiser, Michael Fangl, Wilhelm Mosgoeller
OBJECTIVE: Papaya and oats are natural food and used in traditional medicine in many parts of the world. Papaya has a high content of enzymes supporting digestive function. Oats are a source of minerals, beta-glucan fibres, immunmodulatory and antiinflammatory probiotic substances. Caricol®-Gastro combines both constituents, it was designed as vegan organic preparation for intestinal inflammatory diseases. We performed a randomized, double blind placebo controlled clinical trial to investigate the potential of Caricol®-Gastro as add on therapy in patients with diagnosed chronic gastritis...
March 1, 2018: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599697/links-between-the-prophet-muhammad-pbuh-recommended-foods-and-disease-management-a-review-in-the-light-of-modern-superfoods
#18
REVIEW
Sharique A Ali, Naima Parveen, Ayesha S Ali
Nutrition and other bioactive natural products present in specific foods within a balanced diet play an indispensable role in maintaining and promoting human health. Plants are rich sources of a balanced nutrition because of high content of bioactive products; hence, most of them recently have acquired the status of superfoods. It has been used since ancient times for the treatment of various ailments, and these traditional medicines still remain as one of the most affordable and easily accessible sources of treatment in the primary health-care system...
March 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594327/coffee-consumption-metabolic-syndrome-and-clinical-severity-of-psoriasis-good-or-bad-stuff
#19
Luigi Barrea, Giovanna Muscogiuri, Carolina Di Somma, Giuseppe Annunziata, Matteo Megna, Andrea Falco, Anna Balato, Annamaria Colao, Silvia Savastano
Despite the wide consumption of coffee, its anti-inflammatory effect on clinical severity of psoriasis is still debatable. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between the coffee consumption and clinical severity of psoriasis in a sample of patients stratified according to the presence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and smoking. This cross-sectional case-control observational study was conducted on 221 treatment-naïve psoriatic patients. Lifestyle habits, anthropometric measures, clinical and biochemical evaluations were obtained...
March 28, 2018: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587434/qualitative-and-quantitative-analysis-of-polyphenols-in-lamiaceae-plants-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Katerina Tzima, Nigel P Brunton, Dilip K Rai
Lamiaceae species are promising potential sources of natural antioxidants, owing to their high polyphenol content. In addition, increasing scientific and epidemiological evidence have associated consumption of foods rich in polyphenols with health benefits such as decreased risk of cardiovascular diseases mediated through anti-inflammatory effects. The complex and diverse nature of polyphenols and the huge variation in their levels in commonly consumed herbs make their analysis challenging. Innovative robust analytical tools are constantly developing to meet these challenges...
March 26, 2018: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
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