keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Causes ulcerative colitis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780595/early-detection-of-ulcerative-colitis-associated-colorectal-cancer
#1
REVIEW
Yu Zhen, Chengxin Luo, Hu Zhang
Colitis-associated colorectal cancer (CACC) is one of the most serious complications of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), particularly in ulcerative colitis (UC); it accounts for approximately 15% of all-causes mortality among IBD patients. Because CACC shows a worse prognosis and higher mortality than sporadic colorectal cancer, early detection is critical. Colonoscopy is primarily recommended for surveillance and several advanced endoscopic imaging techniques are emerging. In addition, recent studies have reported on attempts to develop clinically relevant biomarkers for surveillance using various biosamples, which may become high-performance screening tools in the future, so the best approach and technique for cancer surveillance in long-standing UC patients remain under debate...
May 2018: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778545/a-descriptive-model-for-a-multidisciplinary-unit-for-colorectal-and-pelvic-malformations
#2
Alejandra Vilanova-Sanchez, Devin R Halleran, Carlos A Reck-Burneo, Alessandra C Gasior, Laura Weaver, Meghan Fisher, Andrea Wagner, Onnalisa Nash, Kristina Booth, Kaleigh Peters, Charae Williams, Sarah Mayer Brown, Peter Lu, Molly Fuchs, Karen Diefenbach, Jeffrey R Leonard, Geri Hewitt, Kate McCracken, Carlo Di Lorenzo, Richard J Wood, Marc A Levitt
INTRODUCTION: Patients with anorectal malformations (ARM), Hirschsprung disease (HD), and colonic motility disorders often require care from specialists across a variety of fields, including colorectal surgery, urology, gynecology, and GI motility. We sought to describe the process of creating a collaborative process for the care of these complex patients. METHODS: We developed a model of a devoted center for these conditions that includes physicians, psychologists, social workers, nurses, and advanced practice nurses...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771163/review-of-saccharomyces-boulardii-as-a-treatment-option-in-ibd
#3
Kavitha Sivananthan, Andreas Munk Petersen
CONTEXT: Review of the yeast Saccharomyces boulardii as a treatment option for the inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. OBJECTIVE: IBD is caused by an inappropriate immune response to gut microbiota. Treatment options could therefore be prebiotics, probiotics, antibiotics and/or fecal transplant. In this review, we have looked at the evidence for the yeast S. boulardii as a treatment option. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Searches in PubMed and the Cochrane Library with the MeSH words 'Saccharomyces boulardii AND IBD', 'Saccharomyces boulardii AND Inflammatory Bowel Disease', 'Saccharomyces boulardii AND ulcerative colitis' and 'Saccharomyces boulardii AND Crohn's disease' gave total a total of 80 articles...
May 17, 2018: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755533/new-onset-colitis-in-an-adult-patient-with-chronic-granulomatous-disease-treated-with-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#4
Kara Robertson, Stephen Couban, Desmond Leddin, Imran Ahmad, Lori Connors
Background: Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare primary immunodeficiency characterized by recurrent life-threatening bacterial and fungal infections, granuloma formation and intestinal disease. This disease is caused by defects in NADPH oxidase, which result in the inability of phagocytes (neutrophils, monocytes and macrophages) to destroy certain microbes. The only established curative therapy for CGD is hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Case presentation: A 23-year-old Caucasian male with X-linked chronic granulomatous disease underwent a reduced-intensity conditioning, matched unrelated donor peripheral blood stem cell transplant, after which he was started on tacrolimus and mycophenolate for graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis...
2018: Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753583/pyoderma-gangrenosum-on-the-nose
#5
Takuya Tomioka, Keiko Soma, Yoichiro Sato, Koshiro Miura, Ayako Endo
Pyoderma gangrenosum is a rare ulcerative condition associated with various systemic diseases. Lesions on the lower extremities and the trunk are common, but lesions on the nose are rare. Here we report a case of pyoderma gangrenosum on the nose. A 33-year-old woman presented with fever, nasal obstruction, and painful swelling on the nasal bridge. Physical examination revealed swellings on the nasal septal mucosa bilaterally. Computed tomography showed a septal abscess and a subcutaneous abscess on the nasal bridge...
May 9, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752633/clinical-pharmacokinetic-and-pharmacodynamic-considerations-in-the-treatment-of-ulcerative-colitis
#6
REVIEW
Sophie E Berends, Anne S Strik, Mark Löwenberg, Geert R D'Haens, Ron A A Mathôt
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) of unknown etiology, probably caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. The treatment of patients with active UC depends on the severity, localization and history of IBD medication. According to the classic step-up approach, treatment with 5-aminosalicylic acid compounds is the first step in the treatment of mild to moderately active UC. Corticosteroids, such as prednisolone are used in UC patients with moderate to severe disease activity, but only for remission induction therapy because of side effects associated with long-term use...
May 12, 2018: Clinical Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752571/w-e-w-roediger-causative-factors-of-ulcerative-colitis-and-crohn-s-disease-an-exploratory-guide-wakefield-press-2016-reprinted-2017-106-pp-isbn-978-174305-433-8
#7
Michael W Whitehouse
This monograph provides the background for new developments in gastroenterological pharmacology, particularly focussing on the two chronic inflammatory bowel diseases, ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). These currently cause significant morbidity but largely elude satisfactory treatment. This is a challenge to drug designers and experimental physiologists alike. Their efforts will be much enhanced by further understanding the aspects of molecular pathogenesis and physiological dysregulation outlined in this valuable and timely survey...
May 11, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743840/evaluation-of-the-drug-induced-lymphocyte-stimulation-test-for-diagnosing-mesalazine-allergy
#8
Daisuke Saito, Mari Hayashida, Taro Sato, Shintaro Minowa, Osamu Ikezaki, Tatsuya Mitsui, Miki Miura, Akihito Sakuraba, Tadakazu Hisamatsu
Background/Aims: Mesalazine is an effective drug for treating ulcerative colitis (UC), but causes allergic symptoms in a few cases. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of the drug-induced lymphocyte stimulation test (DLST) for the diagnosis of mesalazine allergy. Methods: Patients with UC treated with mesalazine with or without a history of associated adverse events (AEs) were enrolled at Kyorin University Hospital from July 2016 to April 2017...
April 2018: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743839/is-clostridium-difficile-infection-a-real-threat-in-patients-with-ulcerative-colitis-a-prospective-multicenter-study-in-korea
#9
Dae Bum Kim, Kang-Moon Lee, Sang Hyoung Park, You Sun Kim, Eun Soo Kim, Jun Lee, Sung-Ae Jung, Geom Seog Seo, Ji Min Lee
Background/Aims: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) has been reported to be a cause of flare-ups in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). We evaluated the prevalence and clinical outcomes of CDI in patients with UC hospitalized for flare-ups. Methods: This was a prospective, multicenter study including 7 academic teaching hospitals in Korea. All consecutive patients with UC admitted for disease flare-up were enrolled. We detected the presence of CDI by using enzyme immunoassay, real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for toxin genes, and sigmoidoscopy...
April 2018: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737913/pathophysiology-of-ibd-associated-diarrhea
#10
Arivarasu N Anbazhagan, Shubha Priyamvada, Waddah A Alrefai, Pradeep K Dudeja
Inflammatory bowel diseases broadly categorized into Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), are chronic inflammatory disorders of the gastrointestinal tract with increasing prevalence worldwide. The etiology of the disease is complex and involves a combination of genetic, environmental, immunological and gut microbial factors. Recurring and bloody diarrhea is the most prevalent and debilitating symptom in IBD. The pathogenesis of IBD-associated diarrhea is multifactorial and is essentially an outcome of mucosal damage caused by persistent inflammation resulting in dysregulated intestinal ion transport, impaired epithelial barrier function and increased accessibility of the pathogens to the intestinal mucosa...
May 8, 2018: Tissue Barriers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736172/myocarditis-secondary-to-mesalamine-induced-cardiotoxicity-in-a-patient-with-ulcerative-colitis
#11
Kelechukwu U Okoro, Matthew D Roby, Adegbenga A Bankole
Development of cardiac manifestations in patients diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease undergoing treatment with mesalamine is a rare. When this occurs, it can be difficult to tease out the primary etiology, as both IBD and mesalamine can cause cardiac manifestations independently of each other. The exact mechanism of mesalamine-induced cardiotoxicity is yet to be determined although several mechanisms have been described. We present the case of a gentleman with nonexertional chest pain in the setting of ulcerative colitis exacerbation believed to have occurred secondary to mesalamine...
2018: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722832/rising-incidence-of-intestinal-infections-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-nationwide-analysis
#12
Grant E Barber, Steven Hendler, Philip Okafor, David Limsui, Berkeley N Limketkai
Background: Intestinal infections are common in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and may mimic IBD flares. In this study, we estimate the changing incidence of intestinal infections among IBD hospitalizations and assess the impact of intestinal infections on key hospitalization metrics. Methods: The National Inpatient Sample (NIS) was analyzed for hospitalizations from IBD between 1998 and 2014. Intestinal infections were identified using ICD-9-CM codes, and incidence for each infection was calculated for Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC)...
May 2, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720851/role-of-bile-acids-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#13
REVIEW
Elisa Tiratterra, Placido Franco, Emanuele Porru, Konstantinos H Katsanos, Dimitrios K Christodoulou, Giulia Roda
Bile acids (BAs) are the end product of cholesterol catabolism. Their synthesis is regulated by the nuclear receptor farnesoid X receptor, also involved in the control of their enterohepatic circulation. Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), which include Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), are multifactorial diseases characterized by diarrhea. The pathogenesis of diarrhea in IBD is still debated. The most important factor is the inflammatory process of the intestinal wall, causing alterations of solute and water absorption/secretion, deterioration of epithelial cell integrity, disruption of the intestinal microflora homeostasis, and impairment of specific transport mechanisms within the gut (including that of BAs)...
May 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714463/a-survey-on-rectal-bleeding-in-children-a-report-from-iran
#14
Seyed Mohsen Dehghani, Iraj Shahramian, Maryam Ataollahi, Ali Bazı, Nosaibe Seirfar, Mojtaba Delaramnasab, Alireza Sargazi, Mahsa Shariatrazavi
Background/aim: Studies on the epidemiology of rectal bleeding in children are limited in Iran. Our aim was to assess etiologies of rectal bleeding in children in Iran. Materials and methods: We enrolled 730 children with rectal bleeding. All the patients underwent colonoscopy, and 457 were further evaluated with histopathology. Results: According to colonoscopy and histopathology, respectively, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) (29.4%, 15.8%), nodular hyperplasia (NH) (24.9%, 10%), and juvenile polyposis (JP) (12...
April 30, 2018: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713028/post-operative-morbidity-and-mortality-of-a-cohort-of-steroid-refractory-acute-severe-ulcerative-colitis-nationwide-multicenter-study-of-the-geteccu-eneida-registry
#15
I Ordás, E Domènech, M Mañosa, V García-Sánchez, E Iglesias-Flores, F Rodríguez-Moranta, L Márquez, O Merino, F Fernández-Bañares, F Gomollón, M Vera, A Gutiérrez, J LLaó, J P Gisbert, M Aguas, L Arias, I Rodríguez-Lago, C Muñoz, N Alcaide, X Calvet, C Rodríguez, M A Montoro, S García, M L De Castro, M Piqueras, L Pareja, J Ribes, J Panés, M Esteve
BACKGROUND: Despite the increased use of rescue medical therapies for steroid refractory acute severe ulcerative colitis, mortality related to this entity still remains high. We aimed to assess the mortality and morbidity related to colectomy and their predictive factors in steroid refractory acute severe ulcerative colitis, and to evaluate the changes in mortality rates, complications, indications of colectomy, and the use of rescue therapy over time. METHODS: We performed a multicenter observational study of patients with steroid refractory acute severe ulcerative colitis requiring colectomy, admitted to 23 Spanish hospitals included in the ENEIDA registry (GETECCU) from 1989 to 2014...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707074/hepatobiliary-manifestations-and-complications-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Fotios S Fousekis, Vasileios I Theopistos, Konstantinos H Katsanos, Epameinondas V Tsianos, Dimitrios K Christodoulou
Liver and biliary track diseases are common extraintestinal manifestations of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), reported both in Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, and may occur at any time during the natural course of the disease. Their etiology is mainly related to pathophysiological changes induced by IBD, and secondary, due to drugs used in IBD. Fatty liver is considered as the most frequent hepatobiliary manifestation in IBD, while primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is the most correlated hepatobiliary disorder and is more prevalent in patients with ulcerative colitis...
April 2018: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702300/budesonide-suppositories-are-effective-and-safe-for-treating-acute-ulcerative-proctitis
#17
Wolfgang Kruis, Viacheslav Neshta, Marina Pesegova, Olga Alekseeva, Pavel Andreev, Oleksii Datsenko, Olena Levchenko, Sayar Abdulkhakov, Yuriy Lozynskyy, Yuriy Mostovoy, Konstatin Soloviev, Andrey E Dorofeyev, Michael Vieth, Michael Stiess, Roland Greinwald, Ralf Mohrbacher, Britta Siegmund
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Though proctitis is the most limited form of ulcerative colitis, it causes unpleasant symptoms. Topical mesalamine, the standard treatment, is not always effective. We conducted a randomized phase 2 trial to determine the efficacy and safety of 2 doses of a budesonide suppository vs mesalamine suppositories vs combined budesonide and mesalamine suppositories for proctitis. METHODS: We performed a prospective, double-blind, double-dummy, multicenter trial in 337 patients with active proctitis to compare the efficacies of 4 different suppository treatments...
April 24, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701818/determinants-of-ibd-heritability-genes-bugs-and-more
#18
Williams Turpin, Ashleigh Goethel, Larbi Bedrani, Kenneth Croitoru Mdcm
Defining the etiology of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) continues to elude researchers, in part due to the possibility that there may be different triggers for a spectrum of disease phenotypes that are currently classified as either Crohn's disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC). What is clear is that genetic susceptibility plays an important role in the development of IBD, and large genome-wide association studies using case-control approaches have identified more than 230 risk alleles. Many of these identified risk alleles are located in a variety of genes important in host-microbiome interactions...
April 26, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695964/root-extract-of-polygonum-cuspidatum-siebold-zucc-ameliorates-dss-induced-ulcerative-colitis-by-affecting-nf-kappab-signaling-pathway-in-a-mouse-model-via-synergistic-effects-of-polydatin-resveratrol-and-emodin
#19
Baohai Liu, Shuangdi Li, Xiaodan Sui, Lianyi Guo, Xingmei Liu, Hongmei Li, Leming Gao, Shusheng Cai, Yanrong Li, Tingting Wang, Xuehua Piao
Background: Polygonum cuspidatum Siebold & Zucc. (PCS) has antibacterial properties and may prevent Ulcerative colitis (UC) but related molecular mechanism remains unknown. NF-κB signaling pathway is associated with inflammatory responses and its inactivation may be critical for effective therapy of UC. Methods: UC mouse (C57BL/6J) model was established by using dextran sulfate sodium (DSS). The extract of PCS (PCSE) was prepared by using ethanol and its main ingredients were measured by HPLC. Thirty-two UC mice were evenly assigned into DG (received vehicle control), LG (0...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692798/the-presence-of-genotoxic-and-or-pro-inflammatory-bacterial-genes-in-gut-metagenomic-databases-and-their-possible-link-with-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#20
Abiel Roche-Lima, Kelvin Carrasquillo-Carrión, Ramón Gómez-Moreno, Juan M Cruz, Dayanara M Velázquez-Morales, Igor B Rogozin, Abel Baerga-Ortiz
Background: The human gut microbiota is a dynamic community of microorganisms that mediate important biochemical processes. Differences in the gut microbial composition have been associated with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) and other intestinal disorders. In this study, we quantified and compared the frequencies of eight genotoxic and/or pro-inflammatory bacterial genes found in metagenomic Whole Genome Sequences (mWGSs) of samples from individuals with IBD vs. a cohort of healthy human subjects. Methods: The eight selected gene sequences were clbN, clbB, cif, cnf-1, usp, tcpC from Escherichia coli, gelE from Enterococcus faecalis and murB from Akkermansia muciniphila ...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
keyword
keyword
13036
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"