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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497511/effects-of-medical-trainees-weight-loss-history-on-perceptions-of-patients-with-obesity
#1
Rebecca L Pearl, Dallas Argueso, Thomas A Wadden
CONTEXT: Medical professionals often express weight-biased attitudes. Prior research suggests that people who overcome a challenge are critical of individuals who struggle to overcome the same challenge. Thus, medical trainees who have successfully achieved and maintained weight loss may express greater weight bias and more critical attitudes toward patients with obesity who fail to overcome these challenges. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine the effects of medical trainees' weight-loss history on weight-biased attitudes and responses to patients with varying weight-loss outcomes...
May 11, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483733/the-trematode-parasites-of-lophius-piscatorius-angler-fish-from-the-aegean-sea
#2
Yahya Tepe
OBJECTIVE: There is no study on the trematode parasites of Lophius piscatorius. The aim of this study is to address the lack of knowledge about the parasites of angler fish from the coasts of Turkish seas. METHODS: Frozen individuals of L. piscatorius from the coasts of Izmir were brought to Ataturk University, and their visceral organs were parasitologically investigated. Parasites were fixed with AFA (Acetic acid-Formaline-Alcohol) fixative and permanently mounted with Canada balsam...
March 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439639/searching-for-consensus-in-the-approach-to-patients-with-chronic-lateral-ankle-instability-ask-the-expert
#3
Frederick Michels, H Pereira, J Calder, G Matricali, M Glazebrook, S Guillo, J Karlsson, Jorge Acevedo, Jorge Batista, Thomas Bauer, James Calder, Dominic Carreira, Woojin Choi, Nuno Corte-Real, Mark Glazebrook, Ali Ghorbani, Eric Giza, Stéphane Guillo, Kenneth Hunt, Jon Karlsson, S W Kong, Jin Woo Lee, Frederick Michels, Andy Molloy, Peter Mangone, Kentaro Matsui, Caio Nery, Saturo Ozeki, Chris Pearce, Hélder Pereira, Anthony Perera, Bas Pijnenburg, Fernando Raduan, James Stone, Masato Takao, Yves Tourné, Jordi Vega
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to propose recommendations for the treatment of patients with chronic lateral ankle instability (CAI) based on expert opinions. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to 32 orthopaedic surgeons with clinical and scientific experience in the treatment of CAI. The questions were related to preoperative imaging, indications and timing of surgery, technical choices, and the influence of patient-related aspects. RESULTS: Thirty of the 32 invited surgeons (94%) responded...
April 25, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438004/autofocusing-airy-beams-generated-by-all-dielectric-metasurface-for-visible-light
#4
Qingbin Fan, Daopeng Wang, Pengcheng Huo, Zijie Zhang, Yuzhang Liang, Ting Xu
Conventional method to generate autofocusing Airy (AFA) beam involves the optical Fourier transform (FT) system, which has a fairly long working distance due to the focal length of FT lens, presence of spatial light modulator (SLM) and auxiliary total reflection mirrors. Here, we propose an extremely compact design to generate high-efficiency AFA beam at visible frequency by using metasurface which is composed of a single layer array of amorphous titanium dioxide (TiO<sub>2</sub>) elliptical nanofins sitting on the fused-silica substrate...
April 17, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365584/antifibrillarin-antibodies-are-associated-with-native-north-american-ethnicity-and-poorer-survival-in-systemic-sclerosis
#5
Carolina Mejia Otero, Shervin Assassi, Marie Hudson, Maureen D Mayes, Rosa Estrada-Y-Martin, Claudia Pedroza, Tingting W Mills, Jennifer Walker, Murray Baron, Wendy Stevens, Susanna M Proudman, Mandana Nikpour, Sonal Mehra, Mianbo Wang, Marvin J Fritzler
OBJECTIVE: To examine the clinical correlates and survival in patients with antifibrillarin antibodies (AFA) in a large international study population consisting of well-characterized systemic sclerosis (SSc) cohorts from Canada, Australia, and the United States. METHODS: Baseline clinical data from the prospective cohorts (Canadian Scleroderma Research Group, the Australian Scleroderma Cohort Study, and the American Genetics versus Environment in Scleroderma Outcome Study) were investigated...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358256/fluorescent-multi-responsive-cross-linked-p-n-isopropylacrylamide-based-nanocomposites-for-cisplatin-delivery
#6
Zahra Shakoori, Hossein Ghanbari, Yadollah Omidi, Maryam Pashaiasl, Abolfazl Akbarzadeh, Zohreh Jomeh Farsangi, Seyed Mahdi Rezayat, Soodabeh Davaran
Magnetic, pH and temperature-sensitive, poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM)-based nanocomposite with fluorescent properties, were synthesized by free radical copolymerization-cross linking of NIPAM, N, N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA) and 4-acrylamidofluorescein (AFA). The model anti-cancer drug, cisplatin (CDDP), was loaded into the resulted nanogel. For the production of CDDP-loaded nanocomposite, Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) and CDDP were loaded into the nanogel. Field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) indicated that the size of nanogel and CDDP-loaded nanocomposite were about 90 and 160 nm, respectively...
March 30, 2017: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342238/a-peel-off-facial-mask-comprising-myoinositol-and-trehalose-loaded-liposomes-improves-adult-female-acne-by-reducing-local-hyperandrogenism-and-activating-autophagy
#7
Gabriella Fabbrocini, Claudia Capasso, Marianna Donnarumma, Mariateresa Cantelli, Michel Le Maître, Giuseppe Monfrecola, Enzo Emanuele
BACKGROUND: Hyperandrogenism and reduced skin autophagy have been implicated in the pathogenesis of adult female acne (AFA). Here, we tested whether a ready-to-use peel-off facial mask containing myoinositol (an androgen inhibitor) and trehalose-loaded liposomes (as activators of cutaneous autophagy) applied overnight every other day for 60 days can improve AFA. We also sought to investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying the clinical effects. OBJECTIVES: We conducted an uncontrolled, open-label clinical study in 40 cases of AFA to investigate the effect of the facial mask on lesion count, sebum production (measured with the Sebutape® technique), and Global Acne Grading System (GAGS) scale...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208853/genotypic-characterization-of-virulence-factors-in-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-patients-with-acute-cystitis-pyelonephritis-and-asymptomatic-bacteriuria
#8
Mohsen Tabasi, Mohammad Reza Asadi Karam, Mehri Habibi, Ehsan Mostafavi, Saeid Bouzari
INTRODUCTION: Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) caused by Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) are among the most common infections worldwide. It is well-documented that the pathogenesis of UPEC is mediated by the production of a wide variety of Virulence Factors (VFs). Thus, detection of these VFs and evaluation of their association with different clinical types of UTIs could help to understand the role of these factors in pathogenesis of UPEC isolates. AIM: To investigate the genotypic characteristics of UPEC isolates and to examine the relationship between VFs and different clinical symptoms of UTI...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179158/a-comparative-study-of-simulated-body-fluids-in-the-presence-of-proteins
#9
Weitian Zhao, Jacques Lemaître, Paul Bowen
Simulated body fluid (SBF) is widely used as part of an in vitro method to evaluate implant materials such as their apatite forming ability (AFA), a typical indication of potential bone-bonding ability in vivo. We report the use of carbonate-buffered SBFs as potential solutions for implant evaluation and the effect of proteins, represented by bovine serum albumin (BSA) in SBFs on the formation of hydroxyapatite (HA). These solutions are buffered by the thermodynamic equilibrium with 5% CO2 in an incubator, and result in a deposition of carbonated HA...
February 4, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157714/the-role-of-mir-24-as-a-race-related-genetic-factor-in-prostate-cancer
#10
Yutaka Hashimoto, Marisa Shiina, Taku Kato, Soichiro Yamamura, Yuichiro Tanaka, Shahana Majid, Sharanjot Saini, Varahram Shahryari, Priyanka Kulkarni, Pritha Dasgupta, Yozo Mitsui, Mitsuho Sumida, Guoren Deng, Laura Tabatabai, Deepak Kumar, Rajvir Dahiya
The incidence of prostate cancer (PCa) among African-Americans (AfA) is significantly higher than Caucasian-Americans (CaA) but the genetic basis for this disparity is not known. To address this problem, we analyzed miRNA expression in AfA (n = 81) and CaA (n = 51) PCa patients. Here, we found that miR-24 is differentially expressed in AfA and CaA PCa patients and attempt to clarify its role in AfA patients. Also, the public sequencing data of the miR-24 promoter confirmed that it was highly methylated and down-regulated in PCa patients...
March 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148680/the-plasma-proteome-is-associated-with-anthropometric-status-of-undernourished-nepalese-school-aged-children
#11
Sun Eun Lee, Christine P Stewart, Kerry J Schulze, Robert N Cole, Lee S-F Wu, James D Yager, John D Groopman, Subarna K Khatry, Ramesh Kant Adhikari, Parul Christian, Keith P West
Background: Malnutrition affects body growth, size, and composition of children. Yet, few functional biomarkers are known to be associated with childhood morphology.Objective: This cross-sectional study examined associations of anthropometric indicators of height, musculature, and fat mass with plasma proteins by using proteomics in a population cohort of school-aged Nepalese children.Methods: Height, weight, midupper arm circumference (MUAC), triceps and subscapular skinfolds, upper arm muscle area (AMA), and arm fat area (AFA) were assessed in 500 children 6-8 y of age...
March 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129363/unexpected-formation-of-low-amounts-of-r-configurated-anteiso-fatty-acids-in-rumen-fluid-experiments
#12
Dorothee Eibler, Halima Abdurahman, Tanja Ruoff, Stefanie Kaffarnik, Herbert Steingass, Walter Vetter
Anteiso-fatty acids (aFA) with odd carbon number are a class of branched-chain fatty acids (BCFA) mainly produced by bacteria. Bacterial sources are also made responsible for their occurrence in the low percent-range in lipids of ruminants (meat and milk) and fish. aFAs are chiral molecules and typically occur predominantly in form of (S)-enantiomers, and their primary precursor has been noted to be isoleucine. Yet, low proportions of (R)-aFAs were also detected in fish and cheese samples. Here we investigated the potential formation of (R)-aFAs by means of incubation experiments with rumen fluid from fistulated cows...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095763/effect-of-socks-structures-on-plantar-dynamic-pressure-distribution
#13
Zeynab Soltanzadeh, Saeed Shaikhzadeh Najar, M Haghpanahi, M R Mohajeri-Tehrani
A major purpose of investigating the plantar pressure in patients with pain or those at risk for skin injury is to reduce the pressure below metatarsal heads, specially first and second metatarsal heads. The aim of this article is to evaluate the effects of the socks structures on the changes in plantar dynamic pressure. In this study, seven socks types with different structures for the sole area were produced. The Gaitview(®) AFA-50 system, a force plate, was used to measure the plantar dynamic pressure of 10 participants...
November 2016: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081347/virulence-factors-biofilm-forming-ability-and-antimicrobial-resistance-of-urinary-escherichia-coli-strains-isolated-from-hospitalized-patients
#14
Barbara Kot, Jolanta Wicha, Agata Grużewska, Małgorzata Piechota, Katarzyna Wolska, Maria Obrębska
BACKGROUND/AIM: Escherichia coli is the most frequent cause of urinary tract infections. We investigated the possible associations between the origin of strains, antimicrobial resistance, the presence of urovirulence factors, and biofilm-forming ability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Antibiotic susceptibility of E. coli strains was tested by disk diffusion method. Hemagglutination assays were performed for phenotypic characterization of the cell surface. Multiplex PCR was used for detection of virulence genes and for determination of phylogenetic relationships...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069519/denaturing-fixatives-are-compatible-with-the-nanostring-ncounter-%C3%A2-platform-and-the-prosigna-%C3%A2-assay
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Roman Rouzier, Aurelie Roulot, Arthur H Jeiranian, Namratha Ram, Jean Marc Guinebretiere, Anne Vincent Salomon, David Gentien
The objective of this study was to establish that the denaturing fixative, formalin and acetic acid (AFA), is equivalent to neutral-buffered formalin (NBF) on the nCounter system using the Prosigna assay. Twenty-five previously resected tumors from breast cancer patients were apportioned and fixed with either NBF or AFA prior to embedding in paraffin. Differentially fixed and paraffin embedded tissue pairs were sectioned and pathological review was performed according to the Prosigna assay protocol. RNA was isolated using the Prosigna assay kit and analyzed using the NanoString nCounter Dx Analysis system...
May 25, 2017: New Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054364/patients-and-physicians-perceptions-regarding-the-benefits-of-atrial-fibrillation-ablation
#16
Auroa Badin, Alan R Parr, Sandeep Banga, Rebecca R Wigant, Timir S Baman
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether patients and physicians understand that atrial fibrillation ablation (AFA) has been shown to only improve symptomology and not reduce morbidity or mortality. METHODS: Note that 177 of 445 (40%) consecutive patients referred to an electrophysiology clinic for atrial fibrillation (AF) management responded anonymously to our survey via mail. Note that 105 of 656 (15%) physicians responded to our survey via email. Comparisons among groups were conducted using χ(2) test for categorical variables...
January 5, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052888/food-insecurity-but-not-hiv-infection-status-is-associated-with-adverse-changes-in-body-composition-during-lactation-in-ugandan-women-of-mixed-hiv-status
#17
Elizabeth M Widen, Shalean M Collins, Hijab Khan, Claire Biribawa, Daniel Acidri, Winifred Achoko, Harriet Achola, Shibani Ghosh, Jeffrey K Griffiths, Sera L Young
BACKGROUND: Body composition is an important indicator of nutritional status and health. How body composition changes during 12 mo of breastfeeding in HIV-infected women receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We assessed whether HIV or food insecurity was associated with adverse postpartum body-composition changes in Ugandan women. DESIGN: A cohort of 246 women [36.5% of whom were HIV positive (HIV+) and were receiving ART] were followed to 12 mo postpartum...
February 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034339/on-the-origin-of-iberomaurusians-new-data-based-on-ancient-mitochondrial-dna-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-afalou-and-taforalt-populations
#18
Rym Kefi, Meriem Hechmi, Chokri Naouali, Haifa Jmel, Sana Hsouna, Eric Bouzaid, Sonia Abdelhak, Eliane Beraud-Colomb, Alain Stevanovitch
The Western North African population was characterized by the presence of Iberomaurusian civilization at the Epiplaeolithic period (around 20,000 years before present (YBP) to 10,000 YBP). The origin of this population is still not clear: they may come from Europe, Near East, sub-Saharan Africa or they could have evolved in situ in North Africa. With the aim to contribute to a better knowledge of the settlement of North Africa we analysed the mitochondrial DNA extracted from Iberomaurusian skeletons exhumed from the archaeological site of Afalou (AFA) (15,000-11,000 YBP) in Algeria and from the archaeological site of Taforalt (TAF) (23,000-10,800 YBP) in Morocco...
December 30, 2016: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877047/antiallergic-effect-of-the-atomized-extract-of-rhizome-of-curcuma-longa-flowers-of-cordia-lutea-and-leaves-of-annona-muricata
#19
Jorge Arroyo-Acevedo, Cesar Franco-Quino, Eliberto Ruiz-Ramirez, Roberto Chávez-Asmat, Andrea Anampa-Guzmán, Ernesto Raéz-González, José Cabanillas-Coral
INTRODUCTION: Allergies are a problem that greatly affects the population, and hence the use of antiallergic medications is fairly widespread. However, these drugs have many adverse effects. The use of medicinal plants could be an option, but they need to be evaluated. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the antiallergic effect of the atomized extract of rhizome of Curcuma longa, flowers of Cordia lutea, and leaves of Annona muricata. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four New Zealand white albino rabbits were randomized into 2 groups...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864990/the-clinical-relevance-of-antifibrillarin-anti-u3-rnp-autoantibodies-in-systemic-sclerosis
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
F Tall, M Dechomet, S Riviere, V Cottin, E Ballot, K P Tiev, R Montin, C Morin, Y Chantran, C Grange, D Jullien, J Ninet, P Chretien, J Cabane, N Fabien, C Johanet
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a heterogeneous autoimmune disease associated with several antinuclear autoantibodies useful to diagnosis and prognosis. The aim of the present multicentric study was to determine the clinical relevance of antifibrillarin autoantibodies (AFA) in patients with SSc. The clinical features of 37 patients with SSc positive for AFA (AFA+) and 139 SSc patients without AFA (AFA-) were collected retrospectively from medical records to enable a comparison between AFA- and AFA+ patients. Antifibrillarin autoantibodies were screened by an indirect immunofluorescence technique using HEp2 cells and identified by an in-house Western blot technique and/or an EliA test...
January 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
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