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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102815/assessment-of-the-characteristics-and-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-uremic-peripheral-neuropathy%C3%A2
#1
Xiu-Zhi Yu, Shi Lu, Wei Gou, Wei Wang, Shui-Hong Zou, Yin-Xia Han, Wei-Wei Wang, Jin-Yuan Zhang
OBJECTIVES: This study seeks to examine the characteristics and health-related quality of life (HRQL) of patients with uremic peripheral neuropathy. METHODS: Uremic patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) at our hospital were enrolled in this study. Data collection began in January 2011 and ended in June 2011. The patients were divided into two groups, the lesion group (110 cases) and the non-lesion group (168 cases), based on the presence or absence of peripheral neuropathy...
January 19, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102090/upper-extremity-movement-reliability-and-validity-of-the-kinect-version-2
#2
Lydia R Reither, Matthew H Foreman, Nicole Migotsky, Chase Haddix, Jack R Engsberg
PURPOSE: Studies have shown that marker-less motion detection systems, such as the first generation Kinect (Kinect 1), have good reliability and potential for clinical application. Studies of the second generation Kinect (Kinect 2) have shown a large range of accuracy relative to balance and joint localization; however, few studies have investigated the validity and reliability of the Kinect 2 for upper extremity motion. This investigation compared reliability and validity among the Kinect 1, Kinect 2 and a video motion capture (VMC) system for upper extremity movements...
January 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101567/influence-of-arm-crank-ergometry-on-development-of-lymphedema-in-breast-cancer-patients-after-axillary-dissection-a-randomized-controlled-trail
#3
Thorsten Schmidt, Jette Berner, Walter Jonat, Burkhard Weisser, Christioph Röcken, Marion van Mackelenbergh, Christoph Mundhenke
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety and efficacy of arm crank ergometry in breast cancer patients after axillary lymph node dissection, with regard to changes in bioelectrical impedance analysis, arm circumference, muscular strength, quality of life and fatigue. DESIGN: Randomized controlled clinical intervention trial. SUBJECTS: Forty-nine patients with breast cancer after axillary lymph node dissection. METHODS: Arm crank ergometer training twice-weekly was compared with usual care over 12 weeks...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101329/association-between-sports-type-and-overuse-injuries-of-extremities-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Charlène Chéron, Christine Le Scanff, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Sports injuries are often described as overuse or traumatic. Little is known about the frequency of overuse injuries and, in particular, if they vary between different types of sporting activities. PURPOSE: To identify any differences between sports in relation to diagnoses of overuse injuries of the extremities (OIE) and anatomical areas most likely to be injured in adults and to compare these findings with those reported in youngsters, as identified in a previous review...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100658/maps-of-cone-opsin-input-to-mouse-v1-and-higher-visual-areas
#5
Issac Rhim, Gabriela Coello-Reyes, Hee-Kyoung Ko, Ian Nauhaus
Studies in the mouse retina have characterized the spatial distribution of an anisotropic ganglion cell and photoreceptor mosaic, which provides a solid foundation to study how the cortex pools from afferent parallel color channels. In particular, the mouse's retinal mosaic exhibits a gradient of wavelength sensitivity along its dorsoventral axis. Cones at the ventral extreme mainly express S-opsin, which is sensitive to ultraviolet (UV) wavelengths. Then, moving toward the retina's dorsal extreme, there is a transition to M-opsin dominance...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100520/evidence-basis-for-using-perineural-dexmedetomidine-to-enhance-the-quality-of-brachial-plexus-nerve-blocks-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#6
L Vorobeichik, R Brull, F W Abdallah
BACKGROUND: Dexmedetomidine has been proposed as a perineural local anaesthetic (LA) adjunct to prolong peripheral nerve block duration; however, results from our previous meta-analysis in the setting of brachial plexus block (BPB) did not support its use. Many additional randomized trials have since been published. We thus conducted an updated meta-analysis. METHODS: Randomized trials investigating the addition of dexmedetomidine to LA compared with LA alone (Control) in BPB for upper extremity surgery were sought...
February 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099360/aggressive-intramuscular-hemangiomas-in-the-upper-extremity-a-case-report
#7
Hui Lu, Qiang Chen, Hu Yang, Hui Shen
INTRODUCTION: Intramuscular hemangioma (IMH) is a rare congenital soft tissue tumor. Here, we report a case of IMH patient who had undergone several surgeries and other treatments that were all ineffective before he visited us. CLINICAL FINDINGS: This IMH patient was a 16-yearold male who was born with a tumor of unknown size in his right hand and forearm. On physical examination, the tumor and skin flap complex was seen with a size of 14 cm_12 cm in his right hand, and the multiple postoperative scars were shown on his right hand and forearm...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099193/the-effect-of-peripheral-nerve-stimulation-on-shoulder-biomechanics-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-comparison-to-physical-therapy
#8
Richard D Wilson, Jayme S Knutson, Maria E Bennett, John Chae
OBJECTIVE: To establish the effects on shoulder biomechanics from a peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS) treatment compared to physical therapy (PT) in stroke survivors with chronic hemiplegic shoulder pain. DESIGN: Single-site, pilot, randomized controlled trial for adults with chronic shoulder pain after stroke. Participants were randomized to receive a 3-week treatment of single-lead PNS or physical therapy (PT). The outcomes included isometric shoulder abduction strength, pain-free shoulder external rotation range of motion (ROM), delay in initiation and termination of shoulder abduction electromyogram (EMG) activity, and the Fugl-Meyer Motor Assessment (upper extremity section)...
January 17, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099186/poststroke-depression-risk-factors-and-potential-effects-on-functional-recovery
#9
Ozgur Z Karaahmet, Eda Gurcay, Ozlem C Avluk, Ebru K Umay, Ibrahim Gundogdu, Oznur Ecerkale, Aytul Cakci
The factors that may cause poststroke depression were investigated in the literature focusing on lesion localization, age, stroke severity, and impairments in physical and cognitive function. The aim of this study was to examine the risk factors influencing the development of poststroke depression and to determine the effect of depression on the patients' functional improvement after rehabilitation. Patients in the first 6-month period after stroke who were hospitalized in the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinic were included in this study...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098706/current-trends-in-ulnar-collateral-ligament-reconstruction-surgery-among-newly-trained-orthopaedic-surgeons
#10
Ryan M Degen, Christopher L Camp, Johnathan A Bernard, David M Dines, David W Altchek, Joshua S Dines
INTRODUCTION: Ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) reconstructions are being performed with an increasing annual incidence. The purpose of this study was to evaluate trends in UCL surgery among recently trained orthopaedic surgeons. METHODS: The American Board of Orthopaedic Surgeons (ABOS) database was used to identify all UCL reconstructions from 2004 to 2013. Procedures were identified by Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes and verified by International Classification of Disease, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes...
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097520/extremity-fractures-associated-with-atvs-and-dirt-bikes-a-10-year-national-epidemiologic-study
#11
D J Lombardo, T Jelsema, A Gambone, M Weisman, G Petersen-Fitts, J D Whaley, V J Sabesan
BACKGROUND: Morbidity and mortality of all-terrain vehicles and dirt bikes have been studied, as well as the association of helmet use and head injury. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare and contrast the patterns of extremity fractures associated with ATVs and dirt bikes. We believe there will be unique and potentially preventable injury patterns associated with dirt bikes and three-wheeled ATVs due to the poor stability of these vehicles...
January 17, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096587/is-dedicating-an-ultrasound-machine-to-regional-anesthesia-an-economically-viable-option
#12
Vrushali Ponde, Dinesh Borse, Jayashree More, Tulsidas Mange
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The cost effectiveness of ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia is an issue which requires discussion. Based on our experience, we hypothesized that this is an economically viable option. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, we included 90 patients who underwent upper extremity surgeries in our institute solely under ultrasound (USG)-guided brachial plexus blocks in a year. The cost of the block was derived by adding the cost of the material and drugs used for the block...
October 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095343/patient-tailored-management-of-an-asymptomatic-massive-substernal-goiter-presenting-as-brachiocephalic-vein-occlusion-report-of-a-case-and-review-of-sternotomy-indications
#13
Georgios Sahsamanis, Eleftherios Chouliaras, Konstantinos Katis, Stavros Samaras, Stavros Daliakopoulos, Georgios Dimitrakopoulos
INTRODUCTION: Substernal goiters are characterized by the protrusion of at least 50% of the thyroid mass below the level of the thoracic inlet. Still their definition is controversial. CASE PRESENTATION: The case refers to a 44year old male who presented to our department due to swelling and a feeling of 'heaviness' of his left upper extremity for the past 6 months. CT scan revealed a massive substernal goiter extending to the great vessels. Intraoperatively, a median sternotomy was performed due to the size of the gland and the close adhesion of the isthmus and lower left thyroid lobe to the brachiocephalic vein...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095094/female-age-related-differences-in-biomechanics-and-muscle-activity-during-descents-on-the-outstretched-arms
#14
Lauren Jane Lattimer, Joel Lanovaz, Jon Farthing, Stéphanie Madill, Soo Kim, Stephen Robinovitch, Cathy Arnold
The purposes of this study were to examine female age differences in: 1) upper extremity (UE) and trunk muscle activity, elbow joint moment, loading force and UE energy absorption during a controlled forward body descent and 2) UE muscle strength. Twenty young (mean 24.8±3.4 yrs.) and 20 older (68.4±5.7 yrs.) women were assessed via dynamometry for isometric, concentric and eccentric UE strength and performed forward descents on force plates at three body lean angles (60, 45, and 30° from horizontal). Significant differences (p < ...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094079/a-stroke-mimic-methotrexate-induced-neurotoxicity-in-the-emergency-department
#15
Patrick Rogers, Wilbur J Pan, Richard A Drachtman, Christopher Haines
BACKGROUND: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common form of childhood leukemia. The treatment of ALL involves multimodality therapy, and methotrexate (MTX) remains a mainstay of treatment. A complication of MTX therapy includes acute, subacute, and chronic neurotoxocity. Signs and symptoms may range from headaches, dizziness, and mood disorders to seizures and stroke-like symptoms. CASE REPORT: An 18-year-old woman with a history of ALL presented to the emergency department with acute onset of right-sided facial paralysis, right upper extremity flaccid paralysis, and right lower extremity weakness after receiving MTX therapy 3 days earlier...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093928/functional-electrical-stimulation-therapy-for-severe-hemiplegia-randomized-control-trial-revisited
#16
Cesar Marquez-Chin, Shaghayegh Bagher, Vera Zivanovic, Milos R Popovic
BACKGROUND: Stroke is the leading cause of long-term disability. Stroke survivors seldom improve their upper-limb function when their deficit is severe, despite recently developed therapies. PURPOSE: This study aims to assess the efficacy of functional electrical stimulation therapy in improving voluntary reaching and grasping after severe hemiplegia. METHOD: A post hoc analysis of a previously completed randomized control trial ( clinicaltrials...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092337/anatomical-basis-and-clinical-application-of-synovial-flaps-in-the-wrist-and-distal-forearm
#17
David L Colen, Jiun-Ting Yeh, Lawrence B Colen
Neuropathic symptoms after median nerve repair at the wrist or secondary to refractory carpal tunnel syndrome may become debilitating. These symptoms develop due to perineural adhesions, intraneural fibrosis and fixation of the nerve to the transverse carpal ligament after surgery and often require neurolysis. Interposition of vascularized soft tissue over the median nerve at the time of neurolysis prevents recurrence of such adhesions. The synovial flap, fashioned from the synovial lining of the flexor tendon sheath, is an ideal tissue for this purpose...
January 12, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092278/delayed-onset-central-pain-due-to-degeneration-of-ischemic-transcallosal-fibers-after-corpus-callosum-hemorrhage
#18
Sung Ho Jang, Chul Hoon Chang, Young Jin Jung, Han Do Lee
AIMS: A patient developed delayed-onset central pain due to degeneration of the spinothalamic tract resulting from degeneration of the ischemic transcallosal fibers, in the aftermath of a corpus callosum (CC) hemorrhage. The detection and diagnosis of these lesions using diffusion tensor tractography are described. METHODS: A 59-yr-old man underwent conservative management for hemorrhages in the CC and lateral ventricle that resulted from hitting his head against a wall while falling...
January 13, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092092/domains-of-daily-physical-activity-in-children-with-mitochondrial-disease-a-3d-accelerometry-approach
#19
Saskia Koene, Ilse Dirks, Esmee van Mierlo, Pascal R de Vries, Anjo J W M Janssen, Jan A M Smeitink, Arjen Bergsma, Hans Essers, Kenneth Meijer, Imelda J M de Groot
Feasible, sensitive and clinically relevant outcome measures are of extreme importance when designing clinical trials. For paediatric mitochondrial disease, no robust end point has been described to date. The aim of this study was to select the domains of daily physical activity, which can be measured by 3D accelerometry, that could serve as sensitive end points in future clinical trials in children with mitochondrial disorders.In this exploratory observational study, 17 patients with mitochondrial disease and 16 age- and sex-matched controls wore 3D accelerometers at the upper leg, upper arm, lower arm and chest during one weekend...
January 17, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091752/management-of-secondary-hyperparathyroidism-practice-patterns-and-outcomes-of-cinacalcet-treatment-with-or-without-active-vitamin%C3%A2-d-in-austria-and-switzerland-the-observational-transit-study
#20
Wolfgang Pronai, Alexander R Rosenkranz, Andreas Bock, Renate Klauser-Braun, Christine Jäger, Gunther Pendl, Margit Hemetsberger, Karl Lhotta
Secondary hyperparathyroidism is a complex disorder requiring an individualized multicomponent treatment approach. This study was conducted to identify treatment combinations used in clinical practice in Austria and Switzerland and the potential to control this disorder. A total of 333 adult hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis patients were analyzed. All patients received conventional care prior to initiation of a cinacalcet-based regimen. During the study, treatment components, e.g. cinacalcet, active vitamin D analogues and phosphate binders, were adapted to individual patient requirements and treatment dynamics were documented...
January 13, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
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