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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231599/upper-limb-functionality-and-quality-of-life-in-women-with-five-year-survival-after-breast-cancer-surgery
#1
Thaís Lunardi Recchia, Amably Cristiny Prim, Clarissa Medeiros da Luz
Objective To evaluate the correlation between upper limb functionality and quality of life in women with five-year survival following breast cancer surgical treatment. The secondary objective was to evaluate the function of the ipsilateral upper limb and the quality of life in relation to the type of surgery and the presence of pain. Methods The Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH), and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Breast plus Arm Morbidity (FACTB + 4) questionnaires were used to evaluate upper limb function and quality of life respectively...
February 23, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231435/impact-of-a-competition-with-two-consecutive-matches-in-a-day-on-physical-performance-in-young-tennis-players
#2
Cesar Gallo-Salazar, Juan Del Coso, David Barbado, Alejandro Lopez-Valenciano, Francisco Javier Santos-Rosa, David Sanz-Rivas, Manuel Moya, Jaime Fernandez-Fernandez
The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of playing two tennis matches on the same day on physical performance in young tennis players. Twelve well-trained young tennis players took part in a simulated tennis competition consisting of two tennis matches on the same day (morning and afternoon sessions). Before and the day after the competition, physical performance was measured using a battery of countermovement jumps (CMJ), a 10-m sprint, the 5-0-5 agility test, hip, grip and shoulder maximal isometric strength, shoulder range of motion (ROM) and a serve velocity test...
February 23, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231261/a-natural-user-interface-to-integrate-citizen-science-and-physical-exercise
#3
Eduardo Palermo, Jeffrey Laut, Oded Nov, Paolo Cappa, Maurizio Porfiri
Citizen science enables volunteers to contribute to scientific projects, where massive data collection and analysis are often required. Volunteers participate in citizen science activities online from their homes or in the field and are motivated by both intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Here, we investigated the possibility of integrating citizen science tasks within physical exercises envisaged as part of a potential rehabilitation therapy session. The citizen science activity entailed environmental mapping of a polluted body of water using a miniature instrumented boat, which was remotely controlled by the participants through their physical gesture tracked by a low-cost markerless motion capture system...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231063/bone-age-in-unilateral-spastic-cerebral-palsy-is-there-a-correlation-with-hand-function-and-limb-length
#4
Je-Sang Lee, Im Jeong Choi, Myung Jun Shin, Jin-A Yoon, Sung Hwa Ko, Yong Beom Shin
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to analyze the bone age and the upper extremity segmental lengths between the affected and the unaffected side and to reveal the correlation between the difference of bone age and the upper limb length discrepancy in the unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (CP). We also evaluated the relationship between difference of bone age and hand function. METHODS: Seventy-eight patients participated in this study. The bone ages of hand-wrists of the patients were determined by the Greulich and Pyle atlas...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230612/nationwide-survey-of-pediatric-acute-osteomyelitis-in-the-usa
#5
Yusuke Okubo, Kotaro Nochioka, Marcia Testa
: The epidemiology of pediatric acute osteomyelitis in the USA, such as annual hospitalization rates and disparities with respect to age, sex, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status, remains unknown. We obtained discharge records of hospitalized patients with acute osteomyelitis younger than 20 years of age from the Kids Inpatient Database for 2006, 2009, and 2012. We weighted the records to estimate the number of hospitalizations in the USA and calculated the annual rates of hospitalization because of acute osteomyelitis...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229644/emg-activity-of-upper-limb-on-spinal-cord-injury-individuals-during-whole-body-vibration
#6
Uslg Da Silva, H A Villagra, L L Oliva, N F Marconi
Whole-body vibration (WBV) has shown positive results increasing electromyographic (EMG) activity and strength in a healthy population when applied to upper and lower limbs. The aim of this study was to verify if WBV increases the EMG signal of the upper limb muscles in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). For this study, 15 patients with SCI were selected and one single session of WBV was applied to the upper limb. Five sessions of 30 s at 30 Hz were applied and EMG of anterior deltoid and forearm muscles was measured...
September 2016: Physiol Int
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229573/associations-between-functional-movement-screen-scores-and-performance-variables-in-surf-athletes
#7
Bruno A Ferreira da Silva, Filipe M Clemente, Fernando M Lourenço Martins
BACKGRAUND: Functional Movement Screen (FMS) have been used to assess the movement patterns in daily sports practice. Some associations between FMS scores and physical variables have been found in some sports. Nevertheless, no study was conducted in surf. METHODS: Eighteen surf athletes (11 male) participated in the study (18.3 ± 6.3 y; 60.0 ± 9.6 kg; 168.6 ± 8.1 cm). All participants completed anthropometrics, Knee to Wall test, Functional Movement Screen, Isometric Knee Extension, Handgrip, Squat and Countermovement Jump...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229041/hemispheric-asymmetry-in-myelin-after-stroke-is-related-to-motor-impairment-and-function
#8
Bimal Lakhani, Kathryn S Hayward, Lara A Boyd
The relationships between impairment, function, arm use and underlying brain structure following stroke remain unclear. Although diffusion weighted imaging is useful in broadly assessing white matter structure, it has limited utility in identifying specific underlying neurobiological components, such as myelin. The purpose of the present study was to explore relationships between myelination and impairment, function and activity in individuals with chronic stroke. Assessments of paretic upper-extremity impairment and function were administered, and 72-hour accelerometer based activity monitoring was conducted on 19 individuals with chronic stroke...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228712/nordic-walking-and-the-isa-method-for-breast-cancer-survivors-effects-on-upper-limb-circumferences-and-total-body-extracellular-water-a-pilot-study
#9
Andrea Di Blasio, Teresa Morano, Giorgio Napolitano, Ines Bucci, Serena Di Santo, Sabina Gallina, Lucia Cugusi, Francesco Di Donato, Alberto D'Arielli, Ettore Cianchetti
BACKGROUND: The negative side effects of breast cancer treatments can include upper limb lymphoedema. The growing literature indicates that Nordic walking is an effective discipline against several disease symptoms. The aim of this study was to determine whether introduction to Nordic walking alone is effective against total body extracellular water and upper limb circumferences in breast cancer survivors compared to its combination with a series of specifically created exercises (i.e...
December 2016: Breast Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228695/accessory-joint-and-neural-mobilizations-for-shoulder-range-of-motion-restriction-after-breast-cancer-surgery-a-pilot-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Irene de la Rosa Díaz, María Torres Lacomba, Ester Cerezo Téllez, Cristina Díaz Del Campo Gómez-Rico, Carlos Gutiérrez Ortega
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the methods to conduct a substantive clinical trial to evaluate the effects of accessory joint mobilization (AJM) vs neural mobilization (NM) techniques for shoulder motion restriction after breast cancer surgery. METHODS: This pilot study was a prospective randomized and double-blind clinical trial in which 18 women who underwent unilateral breast cancer surgery and axillary lymph node dissection participated. The study was conducted at the Women's Health Research Group at the Physical Therapy Department of Alcalá University, Madrid, Spain...
March 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228619/a-case-of-anti-3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme-a-reductase-antibody-positive-paraneoplastic-necrotizing-myopathy-associated-with-advanced-gastric-cancer-that-responded-to-intravenous-immunoglobulin-therapy
#11
Tomohisa Yamaguchi, Akiko Matsunaga, Masamichi Ikawa, Norimichi Shirafuji, Ichizo Nishino, Tadanori Hamano
A 49-year-old woman presented with progressive muscle weakness of the limbs and dysphagia. Her past and family medical history were unremarkable and she did not take statins or any other medications. Laboratory tests showed that serum levels of creatine kinase were elevated (13,565 IU/l) and anti-3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase (HMGCR) antibodies were detected in the serum. Other autoantibodies to the nuclear (ANA), RNP, aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (ARS), and signal recognition particle (SRP) were negative...
February 22, 2017: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227969/effects-of-lower-limb-electrical-stimulation-on-trunk-stability-in-persons-with-sci-during-walking-a-case-series
#12
Kamyar Momeni, Stephen Canton, Arvind Ramanujam, Erica Garbarini, Gail F Forrest, Kamyar Momeni, Stephen Canton, Arvind Ramanujam, Erica Garbarini, Gail F Forrest, Arvind Ramanujam, Gail F Forrest, Kamyar Momeni, Stephen Canton, Erica Garbarini
The purpose of the present case series was to investigate whether three lower limb rehabilitation training approaches have any effects on trunk stability of persons with motor complete SCI during a 10-minute assisted walk. These trainings included electrical stimulation (ES), standing retraining (SRT), and a novel multi-modality approach that combined ES with SRT. We observed that multi-muscle ES directed at the lower limbs had a prominent, indirect effect on the upper and lower muscles of the trunk. More specifically, trunk muscle activations of the ES+SRT subject increased after training for the more distal muscles of the trunk...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227968/limb-position-robust-classification-of-myoelectric-signals-for-prosthesis-control-using-sparse-representations
#13
Joseph L Betthauser, Christopher L Hunt, Luke E Osborn, Rahul R Kaliki, Nitish V Thakor, Joseph L Betthauser, Christopher L Hunt, Luke E Osborn, Rahul R Kaliki, Nitish V Thakor, Luke E Osborn, Christopher L Hunt, Nitish V Thakor, Rahul R Kaliki, Joseph L Betthauser
The fundamental objective in non-invasive myoelectric prosthesis control is to determine the user's intended movements from corresponding skin-surface recorded electromyographic (sEMG) activation signals as quickly and accurately as possible. Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) has emerged as the de facto standard for real-time movement classification due to its ease of use, calculation speed, and remarkable classification accuracy under controlled training conditions. However, performance of cluster-based methods like LDA for sEMG pattern recognition degrades significantly when real-world testing conditions do not resemble the trained conditions, limiting the utility of myoelectrically controlled prosthesis devices...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227966/real-time-evaluation-of-a-myoelectric-control-method-for-high-level-upper-limb-amputees-based-on-homologous-leg-movements
#14
Kenneth R Lyons, Sanjay S Joshi, Kenneth R Lyons, Sanjay S Joshi, Sanjay S Joshi, Kenneth R Lyons
Electromyography-based gesture classification methods for control of advanced upper limb prostheses are limited either to individuals with amputations distal to the elbow or to those willing to undergo targeted muscle reinnervation surgery. Based on the natural similarity between gestures of the lower leg and the arm and on established methods in electromyography-based gesture classification, we propose a noninvasive system with which users control an upper limb prosthesis via homologous movements of the leg and foot...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227918/longitudinal-wearable-tremor-measurement-system-with-activity-recognition-algorithms-for-upper-limb-tremor
#15
Jeonghee Kim, Claire Parnell, Thomas Wichmann, Stephen P DeWeerth, Jeonghee Kim, Claire Parnell, Thomas Wichmann, Stephen P DeWeerth, Claire Parnell, Thomas Wichmann, Stephen P DeWeerth, Jeonghee Kim
Assessments of tremor characteristics by movement disorder physicians are usually done at single time points in clinic settings, so that the description of the tremor does not take into account the dependence of the tremor on specific behavioral situations. Moreover, treatment-induced changes in tremor or behavior cannot be quantitatively tracked for extended periods of time. We developed a wearable tremor measurement system with tremor and activity recognition algorithms for long-term upper limb behavior tracking, to characterize tremor characteristics and treatment effects in their daily lives...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227890/in-vitro-identification-of-shoulder-joint-and-muscle-dynamics-based-on-motion-capture-and-musculoskeletal-computation
#16
Akihiko Murai, Yusuke Kawano, Ko Ayusawa, Mitsunori Tada, Noboru Matsumura, Takeo Nagura, Akihiko Murai, Yusuke Kawano, Ko Ayusawa, Mitsunori Tada, Noboru Matsumura, Takeo Nagura
Dynamics properties of shoulder joint and muscle are experimentally identified under different musculoskeletal conditions for a digital human model with accurate dynamics. Passive swing motions of scapula and upper limb bones in cadaveric specimen with and without muscles are measured by an optical motion capture system. External forces that are applied to the scapula bone are simultaneously measured by a force plate. The dynamics identification process consists of 3 steps: 1) identify the inertial parameters of the cadaveric specimen with and without muscles respectively, 2) identify the viscosity of the glenohumeral joint from the specimen without muscles, and 3) identify the viscosity of the shoulder muscles from the specimen with muscles and the identified joint viscosity...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227836/exerciser-for-rehabilitation-of-the-arm-era-development-and-unique-features-of-a-3d-end-effector-robot
#17
Marie-Helene Milot, Mathieu Hamel, Philippe-Olivier Provost, Julien Bernier-Ouellet, Maxime Dupuis, Dominic Letourneau, Simon Briere, Francois Michaud, Marie-Helene Milot, Mathieu Hamel, Philippe-Olivier Provost, Julien Bernier-Ouellet, Maxime Dupuis, Dominic Letourneau, Simon Briere, Francois Michaud, Philippe-Olivier Provost, Dominic Letourneau, Maxime Dupuis, Marie-Helene Milot, Francois Michaud, Mathieu Hamel, Julien Bernier-Ouellet, Simon Briere
Stroke is one of the leading causes of disability worldwide. Consequently, many stroke survivors exhibit difficulties undergoing voluntary movement in their affected upper limb, compromising their functional performance and level of independence. To minimize the negative impact of stroke disabilities, exercises are recognized as a key element in post-stroke rehabilitation. In order to provide the practice of exercises in a uniform and controlled manner as well as increasing the efficiency of therapists' interventions, robotic training has been found, and continues to prove itself, as an innovative intervention for post-stroke rehabilitation...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227798/upper-limb-kinematics-of-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-on-bilateral-functional-tasks
#18
Carina Lott, Michelle J Johnson, Carina Lott, Michelle J Johnson, Carina Lott, Michelle J Johnson
Adults with cerebral palsy (CP) often show upper limb impairments which impact their ability to execute activities of daily living (ADLs). Three adults with CP and five healthy adults performed three types of bilateral and unilateral ADLs: drink, pour, and pick and place tasks. An affordable bilateral assessment system (BiAS) was used to measure wrist kinematic trajectories. Four metrics, total completion time, maximum velocity, smoothness, and phase difference, were used to evaluate each functional task. Overall, adults with CP took a longer time than the healthy subjects to complete all unilateral functional tasks with their non-dominant hand...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227744/classification-of-non-weight-bearing-lower-limb-movements-towards-a-potential-treatment-for-phantom-limb-pain-based-on-myoelectric-pattern-recognition
#19
Eva Lendaro, Max Ortiz-Catalan, Eva Lendaro, Max Ortiz-Catalan, Max Ortiz-Catalan, Eva Lendaro
Research in myoelectric pattern recognition (MPR) for the prediction of motor volition has primarily focused on the upper limbs. Recent studies in the lower limbs have mainly concentrated on prosthetic control, while MPR for lower limb rehabilitation purposes has received little attention. In this work we investigated the viability of a MPR system for the prediction of four degrees of freedom controlled in a near natural or physiologically appropriate fashion. We explored three different electrode configurations for acquiring electromyographic (EMG) signals: two targeted (bipolar and monopolar) and one untargeted (electrodes equally spaced axially)...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227642/building-blocks-system-for-a-prosthesis-training-of-a-child-with-congenital-amputee
#20
Tomoya Shimokakimoto, Tomoyuki Ueno, Nanao Akimichi, Kenji Suzuki, Tomoya Shimokakimoto, Tomoyuki Ueno, Nanao Akimichi, Kenji Suzuki, Kenji Suzuki, Tomoya Shimokakimoto, Tomoyuki Ueno, Nanao Akimichi
Our objective is to provide a novel habilitation experience using play to children with special needs, in particular to those with congenital defects of the upper limbs. Our concept is a device-assisted motivational training session using tangible building block devices. In order to verify the feasibility of our concept with used bioToys in a clinical training session with occupational therapists. Our participant was a one-year-old girl with congenital amputation of the right upper limb. We verified that bioToys could be used in clinical training for a prosthesis, and could assist with both playful training and quantitative therapeutic evaluation...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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