keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

APRV

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962107/experimental-study-of-airway-pressure-release-ventilation-in-the-treatment-of-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#1
Guan-Jie Han, Jia-Qiong Li, Cui-Gai Pan, Jing-Xi Sun, Zai-Xiang Shi, Ji-Yuan Xu, Mao-Qin Li
Airway pressure release ventilation (APRV) is a ventilator mode which has demonstrated potential benefits in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) patients. We therefore sought to compare relevant pulmonary data and safety outcomes of this mode to the conventional ventilation and sustained inflation. Canines admitted after intravenous injection of oleic acid requiring mechanical ventilation were randomly divided into 3 groups (n=6), namely conventional ventilation group, low tidal volume ventilation with recruitment group (LTV+SI) and APRV group...
September 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936695/early-application-of-airway-pressure-release-ventilation-may-reduce-the-duration-of-mechanical-ventilation-in-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#2
Yongfang Zhou, Xiaodong Jin, Yinxia Lv, Peng Wang, Yunqing Yang, Guopeng Liang, Bo Wang, Yan Kang
PURPOSE: Experimental animal models of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) have shown that the updated airway pressure release ventilation (APRV) methodologies may significantly improve oxygenation, maximize lung recruitment, and attenuate lung injury, without circulatory depression. This led us to hypothesize that early application of APRV in patients with ARDS would allow pulmonary function to recover faster and would reduce the duration of mechanical ventilation as compared with low tidal volume lung protective ventilation (LTV)...
November 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765493/variability-of-tidal-volume-in-patient-triggered-mechanical-ventilation-in-ards
#3
Sophie Perinel-Ragey, Loredana Baboi, Claude Guérin
BACKGROUND: Limiting tidal volume (VT) in patients with ARDS may not be achieved once patient-triggered breaths occur. Furthermore, ICU ventilators offer numerous patient-triggered modes that work differently across brands. We systematically investigated, using a bench model, the effect of patient-triggered modes on the size and variability of VT at different breathing frequencies (f), patient effort, and ARDS severity. METHODS: We used a V500 Infinity ICU ventilator connected to an ASL 5000 lung model whose compliance was mimicking mild, moderate, and severe ARDS...
November 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588118/clinical-management-strategies-for-airway-pressure-release-ventilation-a-survey-of-clinical-practice
#4
Andrew G Miller, Michael A Gentile, John D Davies, Neil R MacIntyre
BACKGROUND: Airway pressure release ventilation (APRV) is a commonly used mode of ventilation designed to increase mean airway pressure and thus oxygenation. Different strategies for clinical management have been described in the literature but are largely based on physiologic concepts, animal data, and small clinical trials. The purpose of this study was to determine how APRV is currently managed by surveying practicing respiratory therapists with experience using APRV. METHODS: A 15-item survey was developed by the authors and posted on the AARConnect online media platform in January 2016 after being declared exempt by our institution's institutional review board...
October 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584437/severe-pediatric-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-due-to-scrub-typhus-successful-ventilation-with-airway-pressure-release-ventilation-mode-after-becoming-refractory-to-protective-ventilation
#5
Sudha Chandelia, Sarika Jain
Scrub typhus can affect lungs from mild illness like pneumonitis to a severe illness like acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Such patients may be very challenging to treat when their hypoxemia becomes severe and refractory to treatment. Main treatment is supportive in terms of mechanical ventilation. In adult ARDS, low tidal volume (TV) ventilation has been recommended, but there is no consensus on most effective ventilation mode in children. We present a case of a 12-year-old girl who developed severe ARDS (PO2/FiO2 ratio - 58), refractory to low TV ventilation...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150228/personalizing-mechanical-ventilation-according-to-physiologic-parameters-to-stabilize-alveoli-and-minimize-ventilator-induced-lung-injury-vili
#6
REVIEW
Gary F Nieman, Joshua Satalin, Penny Andrews, Hani Aiash, Nader M Habashi, Louis A Gatto
It has been shown that mechanical ventilation in patients with, or at high-risk for, the development of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) can be a double-edged sword. If the mechanical breath is improperly set, it can amplify the lung injury associated with ARDS, causing a secondary ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI). Conversely, the mechanical breath can be adjusted to minimize VILI, which can reduce ARDS mortality. The current standard of care ventilation strategy to minimize VILI attempts to reduce alveolar over-distension and recruitment-derecruitment (R/D) by lowering tidal volume (Vt) to 6 cc/kg combined with adjusting positive-end expiratory pressure (PEEP) based on a sliding scale directed by changes in oxygenation...
December 2017: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651443/changes-in-therapeutic-intensity-level-following-airway-pressure-release-ventilation-in-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#7
Jeffrey J Fletcher, Thomas J Wilson, Venkatakrishna Rajajee, Scott B Davidson, Jon C Walsh
PURPOSE: Airway pressure release ventilation (APRV) utilizes high levels of airway pressure coupled with brief expiratory release to facilitate open lung ventilation. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effects of APRV-induced elevated airway pressure mean in patients with severe traumatic brain injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study at a 424-bed Level I trauma center. Linear mixed effects models were developed to assess the difference in therapeutic intensity level (TIL), intracranial pressure (ICP), and cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) over time following the application of APRV...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591380/successful-management-using-airway-pressure-release-ventilation-for-severe-postoperative-pulmonary-edema
#8
Yoshihisa Morimoto, Takaki Sugimoto, Hiroki Arase, Fumiya Haba
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative pulmonary edema is a fatal adverse event after a cardiac surgery. We here report successful management using airway pressure release ventilation (APRV) for severe hypoxia with pulmonary edema after a cardiac surgery. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 58-year-old man underwent an uneventful mitral valve repair. Immediately afterwards, the patient became agitated and made vigorous inspiratory efforts. His oxygen saturation dropped to 90%. Coarse inspiratory rhonchi were heard on auscultation, and copious, pink, frothy sputum was obtained with suctioning...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588065/effect-of-setting-high-aprv-guided-by-expiratory-inflection-point-of-pressure-volume-curve-on-oxygen-delivery-in-canine-models-of-severe-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#9
Jia-Qiong Li, Hong-Yang Xu, Mao-Qin Li, Jing-Yu Chen
In the present study, the effect of setting high airway pressure release ventilation (APRV) pressure guided by an expiratory inflection point of pressure-volume (PV) curve following lung recruitment maneuver (RM) on oxygen delivery (DO2) in canine models of severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) was examined. Canine models of severe ARDS were established by intravenous injection of oleic acid. After injection of sedative muscle relaxants, a PV curve plotted using the super-syringe technique, and the pressure at lower inflection point (LIP) at the inhale branch and the pressure at the point of maximum curvature (PMC) at the exhale branch were measured...
September 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383316/clinical-research-about-airway-pressure-release-ventilation-for-moderate-to-severe-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#10
J-Q Li, N Li, G-J Han, C-G Pan, Y-H Zhang, X-Z Shi, J-Y Xu, B Lu, M-Q Li
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical effects of airway pressure release ventilation (APRV) in patients suffering from moderate to severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).e of a patient presented with significant high aminotransferase levels due to the first human R. aeschlimannii infection ever detected in Italy. The hypothesis of rickettsiosis was made on the basis of a comprehensive medical history and was confirmed by serological tests. Molecular analyses made on a sample of hepatic tissue revealed the presence of a rickettsial species never found before in human liver...
June 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377010/worsening-hypoxemia-in-the-face-of-increasing-peep-a-case-of-large-pulmonary-embolism-in-the-setting-of-intracardiac-shunt
#11
Glen T Granati, Getu Teressa
BACKGROUND Patent foramen ovale (PFO) are common, normally resulting in a left-to-right shunt or no net shunting. Pulmonary embolism (PE) can cause sustained increased pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) and right atrial pressure. Increasing positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) improves oxygenation at the expense of increasing intrathoracic pressures (ITP). Airway pressure release ventilation (APRV) decreases shunt fraction, improves ventilation/perfusion (V/Q) matching, increases cardiac output, and decreases right atrial pressure by facilitating low airway pressure...
July 5, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27241688/improved-immune-response-to-an-attenuated-pseudorabies-virus-vaccine-by-ginseng-stem-leaf-saponins-gsls-in-combination-with-thimerosal-ts
#12
Jingxuan Ni, Shicheng Bi, Wei Xu, Cenrong Zhang, Yisong Lu, Lijuan Zhai, Songhua Hu
Vaccination using attenuated vaccines remains an important method to control animal infectious diseases. The present study evaluated ginseng stem-leaf saponins (GSLS) and thimerosal (TS) for their adjuvant effect on an attenuated pseudorabies virus (aPrV) vaccine in mice. Compared to the group immunized with aPrV alone, the co-inoculation of GSLS and/or TS induced a higher antibody response. Particularly, when administered together with GSLS-TS, the aPrV vaccine provoked a higher serum gB-specific antibody, IgG1 and IgG2a levels, lymphocyte proliferative responses, as well as production of cytokines (IFN-γ, IL-12, IL-5 and IL-10) from lymphocytes, and more importantly provided an enhanced cytotoxicity of NK cells and protection against virulent field pseudorabies virus challenge...
August 2016: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27235312/should-airway-pressure-release-ventilation-be-the-primary-mode-in-ards
#13
REVIEW
Eduardo Mireles-Cabodevila, Robert M Kacmarek
Airway pressure release ventilation (APRV) was originally described as a mode to treat lung-injured patients with the goal to maintain a level of airway pressure that would not depress the cardiac function, deliver mechanical breaths without excessive airway pressure, and to allow unrestricted spontaneous ventilation. Indeed, based on its design, APRV has technological features that serve the goals of safety and comfort. Animal studies suggest that APRV leads to alveolar stability and recruitment which result in less lung injury...
June 2016: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27207149/the-30-year-evolution-of-airway-pressure-release-ventilation-aprv
#14
REVIEW
Sumeet V Jain, Michaela Kollisch-Singule, Benjamin Sadowitz, Luke Dombert, Josh Satalin, Penny Andrews, Louis A Gatto, Gary F Nieman, Nader M Habashi
Airway pressure release ventilation (APRV) was first described in 1987 and defined as continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) with a brief release while allowing the patient to spontaneously breathe throughout the respiratory cycle. The current understanding of the optimal strategy to minimize ventilator-induced lung injury is to "open the lung and keep it open". APRV should be ideal for this strategy with the prolonged CPAP duration recruiting the lung and the minimal release duration preventing lung collapse...
December 2016: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27020770/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-patients-treated-with-airway-pressure-release-ventilation-for-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-a-retrospective-observational-study
#15
Jolene Lim, Edward Litton, Hayley Robinson, Mike Das Gupta
BACKGROUND: The optimal mode of ventilation in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) remains uncertain. Airway pressure release ventilation (APRV) is a recognized treatment for mechanically-ventilated patients with severe hypoxaemia. However, contemporary data on its role as a rescue modality in ARDS is lacking. The goal of this study was to describe the clinical and physiological effects of APRV in patients with established ARDS. METHODS: This retrospective observational study was performed in a 23-bed adult intensive care unit in a tertiary extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) referral centre...
August 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26914779/airway-pressure-release-ventilation-in-a-patient-with-refractory-intracranial-hypertension
#16
Christopher J Montanaro
Patients with refractory intracranial hypertension often require short-term mechanical ventilation because they cannot protect their airway. Airway pressure release ventilation (APRV) is less commonly used than other modes because it is thought to increase intracranial pressure. However, this case study describes how APRV improved alveolar recruitment and functional residual capacity in a patient with refractory intracranial hypertension secondary to severe traumatic brain injury.
March 2016: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26894156/ventilating-patient-with-refractory-hypercarbia-use-of-aprv-mode
#17
Zia Arshad, Ravi Prakash, Swati Aggarwal, Sapna Yadav
A 70-year-old patient referred to our critical care unit with the diagnosis of type II respiratory failure with shock. Patient was a known case of COPD for last 20 years. His chest radiology revealed bilateral infiltrates. Patient was managed conservatively in the form of antibiotics, vasopressor and ventilatory support with SIMV/VC mode. After ventilation with SIMV/VC mode for half an hour his blood gases revealed increasing PaCO2 levels. The same result was obtained with PC mode and ASV and his PaCO2 level reached above 170 mmHg...
January 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26855896/preemptive-mechanical-ventilation-can-block-progressive-acute-lung-injury
#18
REVIEW
Benjamin Sadowitz, Sumeet Jain, Michaela Kollisch-Singule, Joshua Satalin, Penny Andrews, Nader Habashi, Louis A Gatto, Gary Nieman
Mortality from acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) remains unacceptable, approaching 45% in certain high-risk patient populations. Treating fulminant ARDS is currently relegated to supportive care measures only. Thus, the best treatment for ARDS may lie with preventing this syndrome from ever occurring. Clinical studies were examined to determine why ARDS has remained resistant to treatment over the past several decades. In addition, both basic science and clinical studies were examined to determine the impact that early, protective mechanical ventilation may have on preventing the development of ARDS in at-risk patients...
February 4, 2016: World Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26805529/-the-clinical-effect-of-airway-pressure-release-ventilation-for-acute-lung-injury-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Shaohua Song, Huiyu Tian, Xiufen Yang, Zhenjie Hu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of airway pressure release ventilation (APRV) in patients with acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS), to evaluate the extent of ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI), and to explore its possible mechanism. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in the Department of Critical Care Medicine of the First Hospital of Hebei Medical University from December 2010 to February 2012. The patients with ALI/ARDS were enrolled...
January 2016: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26444302/effect-of-airway-pressure-release-ventilation-on-dynamic-alveolar-heterogeneity
#20
Michaela Kollisch-Singule, Sumeet Jain, Penny Andrews, Bradford J Smith, Katharine L Hamlington-Smith, Shreyas Roy, David DiStefano, Emily Nuss, Josh Satalin, Qinghe Meng, William Marx, Jason H T Bates, Louis A Gatto, Gary F Nieman, Nader M Habashi
IMPORTANCE: Ventilator-induced lung injury may arise from heterogeneous lung microanatomy, whereby some alveoli remain collapsed throughout the breath cycle while their more compliant or surfactant-replete neighbors become overdistended, and this is called dynamic alveolar heterogeneity. OBJECTIVE: To determine how dynamic alveolar heterogeneity is influenced by 2 modes of mechanical ventilation: low tidal-volume ventilation (LTVV) and airway pressure release ventilation (APRV), using in vivo microscopy to directly measure alveolar size distributions...
January 2016: JAMA Surgery
keyword
keyword
1303
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"