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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019277/3d-cbct-morphometric-assessment-of-mental-foramen-in-arabic-population-and-global-comparison-imperative-for-invasive-and-non-invasive-procedures-in-mandible
#1
Mohammad Khursheed Alam, Selham Alhabib, Bader K Alzarea, Muhammad Irshad, Saif Faruqi, Mohd G Sghaireen, Santosh Patil, Rehana Basri
BACKGROUND: Recent advancements in clinical dentistry have increased the possibilities of surgical procedures in the mental region. A detailed knowledge of mental foramen (MF) morphometry is significant to preserve integrity of the mental nerve trunk in surgical interventions such as orthognathic surgery, implant placement and anaesthetic block. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the most accurate position of the mental foramen by using new assessment approach in a sample of dental patients presenting to the specialist dental clinic, College of Dentistry, Al Jouf University, Saudi Arabia...
October 11, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016983/predictors-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children-the-panic-study
#2
Tiina Ikävalko, Matti Närhi, Aino-Maija Eloranta, Niina Lintu, Riitta Myllykangas, Anu Vierola, Henri Tuomilehto, Timo Lakka, Riitta Pahkala
Objective: We studied longitudinally the associations of craniofacial morphology, mouth breathing, orthodontic treatment, and body fat content with the risk of having and developing sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in childhood. We hypothesized that deviant craniofacial morphology, mouth breathing, and adiposity predict SDB among children. Materials and methods: The participants were 412 children 6-8 years of age examined at baseline and 329 children aged 9-11 years re-examined at an average 2...
July 11, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016742/looking-beyond-traditional-metrics-in-orthodontics-an-altmetric-study-on-the-most-discussed-articles-on-the-web
#3
Christos Livas, Konstantina Delli
Objective: To evaluate the online visibility of the most popular orthodontic articles in Web platforms in relation to publication details and citations. Materials and Methods: Altmetric Explorer (Altmetric LLP, London, UK) was searched for articles published in 11 orthodontic journals without time limits in publication and citation on social media. The 200 articles with the highest Altmetric Attention Score (AAS) were collected and screened for data related to publication (date, journal, access), authorship (number of authors, affiliation and origin of the corresponding author), and research (type, subject, funding)...
July 10, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016734/the-impact-of-cone-beam-ct-on-financial-costs-and-orthodontists-treatment-decisions-in-the-management-of-maxillary-canines-with-eruption-disturbance
#4
Helena Christell, Stephen Birch, Lars Bondemark, Keith Horner, Christina Lindh
Background: Examination with Cone Beam CT (CBCT) is common for localizing maxillary canines with eruption disturbance. The benefits and costs of these examinations are unclear. Objectives: To measure: 1. the proportion of orthodontists' treatment decisions that were different based on intraoral and panoramic radiography (M1) compared with CBCT and panoramic radiography (M2); and 2. the costs of producing different treatment plans, regarding patients with maxillary canines with eruption disturbance...
June 24, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990138/a-survey-of-protocols-and-trends-in-orthodontic-retention
#5
Alvyda Andriekute, Arunas Vasiliauskas, Antanas Sidlauskas
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to evaluate retention procedures and protocols which are used by the orthodontists in Lithuania and to identify commonly used types of dental retainers. METHODS: One hundred seven questionnaires in total with 28 multiple-choice questions were sent to all members of the Lithuanian Orthodontic Society. The questionnaire was organized into eight sections representing specific information about socio-demographic status of the respondents, selection of a retention system, details of commonly used fixed and removable retainers, the duration of the retention period, supervision of the retainers, instructions for patients, and necessity of common retention guidelines...
October 9, 2017: Progress in Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990016/orthodontics-and-the-temporomandibular-joint-what-orthodontic-providers-need-to-know
#6
Charles S Greene, Maria Therese S Galang-Boquiren, Bo Yeon Bartilotta
Currently, there are three major groups of dentists who provide orthodontic services to the public: postgraduate trained orthodontists, postgraduate trained pediatric dentists, and general dentists who have taken various orthodontic training courses. All of them can expect to encounter a variety of clinical situations that require a proper understanding of how normal temporomandibular joints (TMJs) function, and also how the masticatory system can develop pain-dysfunction problems; those problems are classified and defined as temporomandibular disorders (TMDs)...
October 6, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979577/methodologies-in-orthodontic-pain-management-a-review
#7
Asra Sabir Hussain, Meteib Joraib Al Toubity, Wael Y Elias
INTRODUCTION: Patients experience pain and discomfort during active orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances. Pain is considered a subjective response to noxious stimuli. It can vary from person to person and is influenced by certain factors such as age, gender, previous pain experiences, stress or anxiety, and type of appliance. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this literature review was to discuss conventional versus recently introduced treatment modalities used in pain management for orthodontic patients...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969273/evaluating-the-correlation-between-anteroposterior-and-mediolateral-compensatory-curves-and-their-influence-on-dentoskeletal-morphology-an-in-vitro-cbct-study
#8
K Suresh Babu, A Nanda Kumar, Pradeep Babu Kommi, P Hari Krishnan, M Senthil Kumar, R Senkutvan Sabapathy, V Vijay Kumar
INTRODUCTION: To date, many orthodontist corrects malocclusion based on patients aesthetic concern and fails to correct the compensatory curves. This scenario is due to less insight on understanding relationship of compensatory curves and its correlation in treatment prognosis. AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between the curve of Spee, curve of Monson and curve of Wilson, their influence on dentoskeletal morphology and their contribution to occlusal stability...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968333/efficiency-and-duration-of-orthodontic-orthognathic-surgery-treatment
#9
Mahboobe Dehghani, Faryal Fazeli, Ali Payam Sattarzadeh
INTRODUCTION: To investigate the combined orthodontic-orthognathic treatment times at an academic hospital in the UK and to consider the level of occlusal change in delivering this treatment by the way of comparing peer assessment rating (PAR) scores pre- and post-treatment. METHODS: It was a retrospective longitudinal study of orthognathic patients between 2010 and 2013 who had completed orthognathic treatment. Analysis of records of 50 patients was carried out...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962740/odontogenic-keratocyst-the-role-of-the-orthodontist-in-the-diagnosis-of-initial-lesions
#10
Raphaela Silva Leandro Santos, Flávia Maria de Moraes Ramos-Perez, Gleyson Kleber do Amaral Silva, André Caroli Rocha, José Divaldo Prado, Danyel Elias da Cruz Perez
Odontogenic keratocysts (OKCs) are locally infiltrative odontogenic cysts that are usually diagnosed during routine radiographic examinations. Therefore, it is critical that dental practitioners, in particular orthodontists, recognize and diagnose OKCs to recommend appropriate treatment. This report describes a patient whose OKC was not initially identified during orthodontic pretreatment. In addition, this report discusses the clinical and radiographic features of OKCs, as well as the differential diagnoses of these lesions...
October 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962736/extraction-of-maxillary-canines-esthetic-perceptions-of-patient-smiles-among-dental-professionals-and-laypeople
#11
Badri Thiruvenkatachari, Hanieh Javidi, Sarah Elizabeth Griffiths, Anwar A Shah, Jonathan Sandler
INTRODUCTION: Maxillary canines are generally considered important both cosmetically and functionally. Most claims on the importance of maxillary canines, however, have been based on expert opinions and clinician-based studies. There are no scientific studies in the literature reporting on their cosmetic importance or how laypeople perceive a smile treated by maxillary canine extractions. Our objective was to investigate whether there is any difference in the perceptions of patients' smiles treated by extracting either maxillary canines or first premolars, as judged by orthodontists, dentists, and laypeople...
October 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947695/-surgical-orthodontic-treatment-for-the-patients-with-facial-deformity
#12
Shoichi Suzuki
Surgical orthodontic treatments for patients with facial deformities are performed to improve the occlusal abnormalities and facial deformities caused by skeletal and dental problems such as deformation and disharmony of the upper and lower jaws, crowding, and excessive tooth axis inclination. Such treatments were performed under close and detailed coordination between orthodontists and oral surgeons. The oral maxillofacial region plays an important role in daily life functions such as mastication, respiration, and speech...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944459/the-changing-demographic-profile-of-dentists-and-dental-specialists-in-south-africa-2002-2015
#13
Ahmed Bhayat, Usuf Chikte
INTRODUCTION: It is essential to have regular audits of the number of oral health personnel so that planning, delivery of services and training can be addressed. There has not been such an audit in South Africa (SA) for more than 10 years. AIM: To determine the demographic profile of dentists and dental specialists (DS) between 2002 and 2015. METHODS: A retrospective record-based study was used and all dentists and DS registered with the Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA) from 2002 till 2015 were included...
September 24, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928770/influence-of-the-smile-line-on-smile-attractiveness-in-short-and-long-face-individuals
#14
Amjad Al Taki, Thar Hayder Mohammed, Ahmad Mohammad Hamdan
OBJECTIVES: The study assessed the impact of facial height on attractiveness of smile, in association with the maxillary gingival display. This research was performed by dental professionals and laypersons. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Frontal extraoral photographs were captured for both short and long faces. The photographs were modified using software for image-processing and three rater groups (orthodontists, dentists, and laypersons) evaluated the smile attractiveness, with 30 subjects in each group...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922243/evaluation-of-the-changes-in-the-quality-of-life-in-patients-undergoing-orthognathic-surgery-a-multicenter-study
#15
Elham Sadat Emadian Razvadi, Sepideh Soheilifar, Mohammad Esmaeelinejad, Navid Naghdi
Orthognathic surgery can affect patients' quality of life. The aim of the present study was to assess changes in quality of life during combined orthodontics-surgery treatment and effect of orthodontist-surgeon teamwork on final patient's satisfaction. Twenty-six orthognathic patients who were referred to oral and maxillofacial department of 3 hospitals in Tehran were included in the study. Orthognathic quality of life questionnaire (OQLQ) was given to patients 1 week before, 4 weeks and 4 months after surgery...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902257/sustainability-in-orthodontics-what-can-we-do-to-save-our-planet
#16
Matheus Melo Pithon, Lucianne Cople Maia de Faria, Orlando Motohiro Tanaka, Antônio Carlos de Oliveira Ruellas, Laura Salignac de Souza Guimarães Primo
The sustainability of the natural resources of our planet is a topic for worldwide debate. Mankind, during its evolution as a species, has not been greatly concerned about conserving the environment in which we live. Nowadays we are reaping the fruits of this neglect. Climatic changes and storms are good examples of this. We, humans, must re-think our attitudes in order to leave the planet in a healthy state to be used by our descendants. But thinking of orthodontics, what can we do as orthodontists? From this perspective, the authors of the present study aimed, in a clear and objective manner, to present simple and sustainable ways to proceed during our activity as orthodontists, in order to minimize the effects on nature, caused by man...
July 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902248/facial-profile-esthetics-in-operated-children-with-bilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate
#17
Rita de Cássia Moura Carvalho Lauris, Leopoldino Capelozza, Louise Resti Calil, José Roberto Pereira Lauris, Guilherme Janson, Daniela Gamba Garib
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the facial profile esthetics of rehabilitated children with complete bilateral cleft lip and palate (BCLP), comparing the judgment of professionals related and not related to cleft rehabilitation and laypersons. Methods: Thirty children in the mixed dentition (24 male; 6 female) with a mean age of 7.8 years were evaluated using facial profile photographs by 25 examiners: 5 orthodontists and 5 plastic surgeons with experience in cleft care, 5 orthodontists and 5 plastic surgeons without experience in oral cleft rehabilitation and 5 graduated laymen...
July 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879177/comparison-of-orthodontic-medicaid-funding-in-the-united-states-2006-to-2015
#18
Gerald Minick, Terri Tilliss, W Craig Shellhart, Sheldon M Newman, Clifton M Carey, Andrew Horne, Susan Whitt, Larry J Oesterle
INTRODUCTION: Orthodontic treatment is reimbursed by Medicaid based on orthodontic and financial need with qualifiers determined by individual states. Changes in Medicaid-funded orthodontic treatment following the "Great Recession" in 2007 and the enactment of the Affordable Care Act in 2010 were compared for the 50 United States and the District of Columbia to better understand disparities in access to care. The results from this 2015 survey were compared to data gathered in 2006 (1)...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874647/force-decay-characteristics-of-commonly-used-elastomeric-chains-on-exposure-to-various-mouth-rinses-with-different-alcohol-concentration-an-in-vitro-study
#19
S Ramachandraiah, K Sridharan, A Nishad, K K Manjusha, Esther A Abraham, M Mohamed Ramees
AIM: The aim of this study was to test the effect of varying alcohol concentrations of various commercially available mouth-washes on force decay of elastomeric chains in prestretched and unstretched condition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of five specimen groups were tested with a total sample size of 180 specimens. A specimen is described as a three-link, short module, clear elastomeric chain (3M Unitek, Ortho Plus, Ortho Organizer). The control and test groups were independently submerged in separate 37°C artificial saliva to simulate the oral conditions...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874636/growth-and-development-of-dentofacial-complex-influenced-by-genetic-and-environmental-factors-using-monozygotic-twins
#20
K K Manjusha, K Jyothindrakumar, A Nishad, K Madhav Manoj
AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine the possible effects of genetic and environmental factors on dentofacial complex using monozygotic twins. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study sample was made of 21 pairs of monozygotic twins (14 female pairs and seven male pairs) between 10 and 25 years. Pretreatment lateral cephalo-grams were used which were traced and digitized, and various landmarks to determine the anteroposterior and vertical proportions were marked...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
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