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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800259/extraction-of-primary-canines-for-interceptive-orthodontic-treatment-of-palatally-displaced-permanent-canines-a-systematic-review
#1
Naif N Almasoud
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the successful management of palatally displaced permanent canines (PDCs) can be achieved by the interceptive extraction of primary maxillary canines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Digital databases (Medline, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane) were searched to retrieve articles published from 1952 to April 2016. The university librarian developed search strategies for each database. Two calibrated reviewers independently reviewed potentially related titles and abstracts...
August 11, 2017: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764313/clinician-corner-a-simple-and-efficient-modified-goshgarian-arch-t-arch-appliance-for-correcting-single-tooth-scissor-bite
#2
Vikram Rajendra Pagar Patil, N G Toshniwal, Sayali Vikram Pagar Patil, Pawankumar Dnyandeo Tekale, Harshal Ashok Patil
Scissor bite is a rare form of malocclusion that is often accompanied by varying degrees of facial asymmetry. Correction and treatment of scissor bite in posterior teeth is a challenging job for an orthodontist. There are several treatment options for correction of scissor bite in posterior teeth but some have their own ill-effects on the dentition thus contributing further to the problem and some require patient compliance which compromises the outcome of the treatment. Therefore to overcome these drawbacks we have designed a new appliance to correct the molar scissor bite...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757935/cleft-palate-only-current-concepts
#3
L Tettamanti, A Avantaggiato, M Nardone, J Silvestre-Rangil, A Tagliabue
Cleft palate only (CPO) is one of the most common congenital malformations worldwide. The etiopathogenesis of CPO is not completely understood. Environmental factors, such as smoking, alcohol consumption, intake of drugs during pregnancy, advanced paternal age, have been demonstrated to be a risk of CPO, but conflicting results have also been published. Insufficient intake of folic acid during the pregnancy has been suggested to increase the risk for CPO. The demonstrated risk for siblings and the higher risk for monozygotic twins suggest a genetic etiopathogenesis for CPO...
January 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751183/three-dimensional-aesthetic-assessment-of-class-ii-patients-before-and-after-orthognathic-surgery-and-its-association-with-quantitative-surgical-changes
#4
A S Storms, L Vansant, E Shaheen, W Coucke, Cadenas de Llano-Pérula, R Jacobs, C Politis, G Willems
The aim of this study was to compare evaluations of the aesthetic outcome of class II orthognathic patients, as performed by observers with varying expertise using three-dimensional (3D) facial images, and to examine the relationship of aesthetic ratings in relation to quantitative surgical changes. Pre- and postoperative 3D facial images of 20 surgically treated class II patients (13 female, 7 male) were assessed for aesthetics by orthodontists, maxillofacial surgeons, and laypeople. Attractiveness ratings for the lips, chin, and overall facial aesthetics were evaluated on a 5-point Likert scale...
July 24, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749238/aesthetic-and-functional-outcomes-using-a-multiloop-edgewise-archwire-for-camouflage-orthodontic-treatment-of-a-severe-class-iii-open-bite-malocclusion
#5
Guido Artemio Marañón-Vásquez, Luciano Carlos Soldevilla Galarza, Freddy Antonio Tolentino Solis, Cliff Wilson, Fábio Lourenço Romano
Occasionally, orthodontists will be challenged to treat malocclusions and skeletal disharmonies, which by their complexity one might think that the only treatment alternative is the surgical-orthodontic approach. A male patient, aged 17 years old, was diagnosed with a skeletal Class III malocclusion, anterior open bite and negative overjet. An unpleasant profile was the patient's 'chief complaint' showing interest in facial aesthetics improvement. Nevertheless, the patient and his parents strongly preferred a non-surgical treatment approach...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746485/an-interview-with-steven-j-lindauer
#6
Steven J Lindauer
There are so many compliments to Dr. Steven Lindauer that is hard for one to figure where to start from… Well, travelling backwards in time, all the way to the year 2000, I went to Virginia to study English at Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), in Richmond, Virginia, USA. During my daily walks to the English school, I used to pass by the School of Dentistry, where the Department of Orthodontics was. That was the place where my very first "contact" with the VCU happened. In 2015, 15 years later, I had the pleasure to go back to the VCU and spend two days with Dr...
May 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742420/orthodontics-with-customized-versus-noncustomized-appliances-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#7
E W Penning, R H J Peerlings, J D M Govers, R J Rischen, K Zinad, E M Bronkhorst, K H Breuning, A M Kuijpers-Jagtman
This randomized controlled trial aimed to evaluate the duration and outcome quality of orthodontic treatment with a customized fixed appliance system versus a noncustomized system. Patients ( n = 180) were randomized and received orthodontic treatment with the Insignia customized orthodontic system or the Damon Q noncustomized orthodontic system. The allocation sequence was concealed using identical, sequentially numbered, opaque, sealed envelopes. Patients with nonextraction treatment plans were treated by 2 equally experienced orthodontists...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721528/soft-tissue-profile-changes-after-functional-mandibular-advancer-or-herbst-appliance-treatment-in-class-ii-patients
#8
Jan Hourfar, Jörg Alexander Lisson, Ulrich Gross, Linda Frye, Gero Stefan Michael Kinzinger
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study is to compare the effects on soft tissue profile in class II patients after treatment with either "Functional Mandibular Advancer" (FMA) or Herbst appliance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included n = 42 patients treated with either FMA (n = 21) or Herbst appliance (n = 21) by the same experienced orthodontist. The treatment followed a single-step advancement protocol. Lateral cephalograms were analyzed through a set of customized measurements...
July 18, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717794/the-influence-of-maxillary-incisor-torque-on-the-esthetic-perception-%C3%A2-of-the-smile
#9
Javier Giron de Velasco, Pablo de la Cuadra, Gorka Urizar
PURPOSE: An esthetically pleasing smile is one of our patients' main goals. However, it is not always clear that the esthetic perceptions of patients and clinicians are the same. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and quantify the discrepancies in the esthetic perception of maxillary incisor torque among professionals, and between professionals and the general public. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A photograph of a 30-year-old woman was digitally manipulated to obtain nine smile images and nine full-profile images with various maxillary incisor torques, while maintaining the overjet...
2017: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717631/orthodontic-view-in-the-diagnoses-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#10
REVIEW
Saeed M Banabilh
Obstructive sleep apnea is an exciting area for orthodontists to be involved. The level of awareness of sleep apnea and related health issues is growing rapidly. The demand of integrating sleep into the orthodontic practice shortly will be driven by the need of the societies as some of our patients will be shortly coming into our offices aware of sleep apnea. However, with our busy clinical orthodontic practice, the need of condense short review become more demanding. Therefore, this review will try to summarize the clinical and orthodontic observation in the diagnoses of adult obstructive sleep apnea with clinical application in orthodontic practice...
July 2017: Journal of Orthodontic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686194/orthodontic-metallic-lingual-brackets-the-dark-side-of-the-moon-of-bond-failures
#11
Maria Francesca Sfondrini, Paola Gandini, Andrea Gioiella, Feng Xiao Zhou, Andrea Scribante
Lingual orthodontics, among both young and adult patients, increased in popularity during last years. The purposes of the present investigation were to evaluate the shear bond strength (SBS) values and Adhesive Remnant Index (ARI) scores of different lingual brackets compared with a vestibular control bracket. One hundred bovine teeth were extracted and embedded in resin blocks. Four different lingual brackets (Idea, Leone; STB, Ormco; TTR, RMO; 2D, Forestadent) and a vestibular control bracket (Victory, 3M) were bonded to the bovine enamel surfaces and subsequently shear tested to failure utilizing a Universal Testing Machine...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686094/influence-of-clinicians-experience-and-gender-on-extraction-decision-in-orthodontics
#12
Niousha Saghafi, Lisa J Heaton, Burcu Bayirli, David L Turpin, Roozbeh Khosravi, Anne-Marie Bollen
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether, in Class I borderline cases, experienced orthodontists choose nonextraction treatment more frequently than do orthodontists with less experience. A secondary aim was to evaluate whether clinicians' gender and place of education play a role in extraction decision making. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An online survey was developed using three Class I borderline patient cases. The survey included questions about clinicians' demographics as well as questions about the selected cases...
September 2017: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684806/career-satisfaction-and-work-life-balance-of-specialist-orthodontists-within-the-uk-roi
#13
S M Al-Junaid, S J Hodges, A Petrie, S J Cunningham
Objectives To investigate factors affecting career satisfaction and work-life balance in specialist orthodontists in the UK/ROI.Design and setting Prospective questionnaire-based study.Subjects and methods The questionnaire was sent to specialist orthodontists who were members of the British Orthodontic Society.Results Orthodontists reported high levels of career satisfaction (median score 90/100). Career satisfaction was significantly higher in those who exhibited: i) satisfaction with working hours; ii) satisfaction with the level of control over their working day; iii) ability to manage unexpected home events; and iv) confidence in how readily they managed patient expectations...
July 7, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684068/analyzing-the-teeth-next-to-the-alveolar-cleft-examination-and-treatment-proposal-prior-to-bone-grafting-based-on-three-dimensional-versus-two-dimensional-diagnosis-a-diagnostic-study
#14
Susanne Wriedt, Bilal Al-Nawas, Irene Schmidtmann, Sami Eletr, Heinrich Wehrbein, Maximilian Moergel, Collin Jacobs
PURPOSE: The objective was to evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic value of three-dimensional (3D) cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) on information about the cleft and alignment of cleft neighboring teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Panoramic X-rays, small-volume CBCTs, and study casts of 20 patients with a total of 22 alveolar clefts were analyzed prior to secondary bone grafting. Six maxillofacial surgeons and 6 orthodontists rated the following parameters: visibility of alveolar cleft expansion, position and probability of alignment of cleft neighbored teeth...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682549/-comprehensive-assessment-of-atypical-extraction-orthodontic-treatment
#15
Xie Yijia, Hu Zhou, Zhao Qing, Lin Fuwei, Zeng Yang, Xu Xiaomei, Zeng Lin, Yang Pu
OBJECTIVE: To discuss through retrospective study associated factors influencing orthodontists to develop orthodontic treatment plans and to calculate constituent ratio of a typical extraction in orthodontic treatment. METHODS: Systematic sampling was performed among 7 344 orthodontic patients, who received orthodontic treatment from April 2012 to March 2014 in the Department of Orthodontics, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University. The study included statistical data on factors that may influence development of treatment plans...
April 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670875/validity-of-the-american-board-of-orthodontics-discrepancy-index-and-the-peer-assessment-rating-index-for-comprehensive-evaluation-of-malocclusion-severity
#16
S Liu, H Oh, D W Chambers, S Baumrind, T Xu
OBJECTIVES: To assess the validity of the American Board of Orthodontics Discrepancy Index (ABO-DI) and Peer Assessment Rating (PAR) Index in evaluating malocclusion severity in Chinese orthodontic patients. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: A stratified random sample of 120 orthodontic patients based on Angle classification was collected from six university orthodontic centres. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty-nine orthodontists rated malocclusion severity on a five-point scale by assessing a full set of pre-treatment records for each case and listed reasons for their decision...
July 3, 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670662/attitudes-of-orthodontists-and-laypersons-towards-tooth-extractions-and-additional-anchorage-devices
#17
Chidsanu Changsiripun, Petchpailin Phusantisampan
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the attitudes of orthodontists and laypersons towards the choice of extracting second premolars, rather than first premolars, based on tooth condition and the use of additional anchorage devices. METHODS: Questionnaires were sent to two groups: 324 orthodontists who were members of the Thai Association of Orthodontists, and 100 randomly selected Thai laypersons aged above 20 years and who were unrelated to the field of dentistry...
December 2017: Progress in Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660422/effect-of-orthognathic-surgery-on-profile-esthetics-in-class-ii-1-malocclusions
#18
Katharina Klaus, Christian Heumann, Sabine Ruf
OBJECTIVES: To measure the effect of orthognathic surgery on Class II:1 profile silhouette esthetics and to identify pretreatment parameters and thresholds for consistent esthetic improvement. METHODS: Pre- and posttreatment black profile silhouettes of 20 patients with Class II:1 malocclusion who had received combined orthodontic/orthognathic treatment were evaluated retrospectively by 20 European orthodontists and laypeople each using a visual analogue scale (VAS)...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658361/do-different-vertical-positions-of-maxillary-central-incisors-influence-smile-esthetics-perception
#19
Erica Bretas Cabral Menezes, Marcos Alan Vieira Bittencourt, Andre Wilson Machado
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine the perception of smile esthetics among orthodontists and layperson, with respect to different maxillary central incisors vertical positions in full-face and close-up smile analyses. METHODS: Frontal photographs of the smiles of two adult women were used. Images were altered to create a symmetrical image with the gingival margin levels of the maxillary canines matching the central incisors and a 1.0-mm central-to-lateral incisal step...
March 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658360/subjective-facial-analysis-and-its-correlation-with-dental-relationships
#20
Gustavo Silva Siécola, Leopoldino Capelozza, Diego Coelho Lorenzoni, Guilherme Janson, José Fernando Castanha Henriques
INTRODUCTION: Subjective facial analysis is a diagnostic method that provides morphological analysis of the face. Thus, the aim of the present study was to compare the facial and dental diagnoses and investigate their relationship. METHODS: This sample consisted of 151 children (7 to 13 years old), without previous orthodontic treatment, analyzed by an orthodontist. Standardized extraoral and intraoral photographs were taken for the subjective facial classification according to Facial Pattern classification and occlusal analyses...
March 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
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