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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245001/management-of-the-maxillary-diastema-by-various-dental-specialties
#1
Bryan Wheeler, Caroline K Carrico, Bhavna Shroff, Tegman Brickhouse, Daniel M Laskin
PURPOSE: There is considerable controversy in the literature concerning the indications for frenectomy for treating a maxillary diastema and for timing of the procedure. The purpose of this study was to survey pediatric dentists, orthodontists, and oral and maxillofacial surgeons on their opinion of this matter to develop a consensus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous 7-item electronic questionnaire was sent to members of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentists, the American Association of Orthodontists, and the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons asking about the etiology of the maxillary diastema, its diagnosis, and treatment...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240213/minimally-invasive-treatment-of-an-ankylosed-severely-discolored-and-intruded-central-incisor-with-a-masking-ceramic-veneer-a-clinical-report
#2
Anja Liebermann, Daniel Edelhoff, Otto Prandtner, Reza Saeidi Pour
Dental therapy of traumatically ankylosed maxillary anterior teeth with an additional slight root resorption represents a great challenge for the restorative team and requires intensive planning and communication between patient, dentist, orthodontist, periodontist, and dental technician. The inhibition of vertical growth often makes dental intervention indispensable. Porcelain laminate veneers have been successfully used for more than two decades, mainly on anterior teeth, and was the minimally invasive treatment option for the present case report...
January 2018: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215159/sleep-disorders-in-obese-children-are-not-limited-to-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-syndrome
#3
C Carriere, O Coste, M C Meiffred-Drouet, P Barat, H Thibault
AIM: This study was to characterised respiratory and non-respiratory sleep disorders in obese children and evaluated the diagnostic and therapeutic impact of a specific sleep consultation. METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted in obese French children who received multidisciplinary care management from the hospital centre for paediatric obesity in Bordeaux. This followed a specific sleep consultation between 2007 and 2015, because their paediatrician had identified symptoms suggestive of sleep disorders...
December 7, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195511/orthodontic-management-by-functional-activator-treatment-a-case-report
#4
Giuseppe Aprile, Eleonora Ortu, Ruggero Cattaneo, Davide Pietropaoli, Mario Giannoni, Annalisa Monaco
BACKGROUND: Managing orthodontic treatment is often very difficult for the orthodontist. Many devices are used during the orthopedic phase of orthodontic treatment, always with different functions. We describe a case of orthodontic management treated with the Equilibrator O.S.A. device (equilibrator designed by Ovidi, Santi, and Aprile for Eptamed SRL; Cesena, Italy; www.eptamed.com ). CASE PRESENTATION: A healthy 10-year-old white boy presented with a skeletal class II, division 1 malocclusion, molar class II, exhibiting an overjet of 7 mm prior to treatment...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191124/the-dental-manifestations-and-orthodontic-implications-of-hypoparathyroidism-in-childhood
#5
Amy Arora Gallacher, M N Pemberton, D T Waring
The presence of short dental roots can present challenges to the orthodontist both in terms of identifying its aetiology and in subsequent treatment planning. Uncommon causes include hypoparathyroidism and pseudohypoparathyroidism, where short roots may be seen in combination with other oral manifestations including enamel hypoplasia secondary to low calcium levels. This case report highlights these features and the orthodontic treatment proposed.
November 30, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186392/hawthorne-effect-reporting-in-orthodontic-randomized-controlled-trials-truth-or-myth-blessing-or-curse
#6
Salem Abdulraheem, Lars Bondemark
Objective: To investigate in 10 orthodontic journals how many randomized controlled trials (RCTs) considered the Hawthorne effect, and if considered, to determine whether it was related to the patients or the therapists involved in the trial and, finally, to discuss the Hawthorne effect in an educational way. Materials and methods: A search was performed on the Medline database, via PubMed, for publication type 'randomized controlled trial' published for each journal between 1 August 2007 and 31 July 2017...
November 28, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182798/pharmacological-interventions-for-pain-relief-during-orthodontic-treatment
#7
REVIEW
Aoife B Monk, Jayne E Harrison, Helen V Worthington, Annabel Teague
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common side effect of orthodontic treatment. It increases in proportion to the amount of force applied to the teeth, and the type of orthodontic appliance used can affect the intensity of the pain. Pain during orthodontic treatment has been shown to be the most common reason for people wanting to discontinue treatment, and has been ranked as the worst aspect of treatment. Although pharmacological methods of pain relief have been investigated, there remains some uncertainty among orthodontists about which painkillers are most suitable and whether pre-emptive analgesia is beneficial...
November 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178932/herbst-appliance-with-skeletal-anchorage-versus-dental-anchorage-in-adolescents-with-class-ii-malocclusion-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Klaus Barretto Dos Santos Lopes Batista, Tatiana Lima, Nathália Palomares, Felipe de Assis Carvalho, Cátia Quintão, José Augusto Mendes Miguel, Yin-Ling Lin, Ting-Li Su, Kevin O'Brien
BACKGROUND: The Herbst appliance is an orthodontic appliance that is used for the correction of class II malocclusion with skeletal discrepancies. Research has shown that this is effective. However, a potential harm is excessive protrusion of the lower front teeth. This is associated with gingival recession, loss of tooth support, and root resorption. This trial evaluates a method of reducing this problem. METHODS/DESIGN: The study is a single-center, randomised, assessor-blinded, superiority clinical trial with parallel 1:1 allocation...
November 25, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169513/the-reliability-of-different-methods-of-manual-volumetric-segmentation-of-pharyngeal-and-sinonasal-subregions
#9
Bala Chakravarthy Neelapu, Om Prakash Kharbanda, Harish Kumar Sardana, Abhishek Gupta, Srikanth Vasamsetti, Rajiv Balachandran, Shailendra Singh Rana, Viren Sardana
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to test the intra and interobserver reliability of manual volumetric segmentation of pharyngeal and sinonasal airway subregions. STUDY DESIGN: Cone beam computed tomography data of 15 patients were collected from an orthodontic clinical database. Two experienced orthodontists independently performed manual segmentation of the airway subregions. Four performance measures were considered to test intra and interobserver reliability of manual segmentation: (1) volume correlation, (2) mean slice correlation, (3) percentage of volume difference, and (4) percentage of nonoverlapping voxels...
December 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169307/adult-orthodontics-in-the-republic-of-ireland-specialist-orthodontists-opinions
#10
Siobhán Mary McMorrow, Declan T Millett
OBJECTIVES: To report the opinions of specialist orthodontists regarding the profile, characteristics and treatment of adults currently undergoing orthodontic treatment in the Republic of Ireland (ROI) Design/setting: A national cross-sectional questionnaire study in the ROI. METHOD: A pilot-tested questionnaire was distributed to 122 specialist orthodontists in the ROI. Questions addressed general and treatment information for current adult orthodontic patients...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167705/comparative-analysis-of-impacted-upper-canines-panoramic-radiograph-vs-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#11
Catarina-Luís-Vicente-Rodrigues Pico, Francisco-José-Fernandes do Vale, Francisco-José-Santiago-Fernandes-Amado Caramelo, Ana Corte-Real, Sónia-Margarida-Alves Pereira
Background: The use of CBCT exam in the study of IMC is not new. However, it's still not known in what specific aspects CBCT exam shows a better result than then conventional exams. The aim of this study was to compare and conclude in what way the opinion regarding upper canine impaction differed when observing a panoramic image compared to the observation of a set of CBCT reconstructions. Material and Methods: Twenty patients (10 males and 10 females) with a total of 28 impacted maxillary canines were identified from the database of the Department of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165026/comparative-evaluation-of-oral-and-dento-maxillofacial-manifestation-of-patients-with-sickle-cell-diseases-and-beta-thalassemia-major
#12
Salmeh Kalbassi, Mohammad Reza Younesi, Vahid Asgary
BACKGROUND: Regarding the importance of oral and dental health in patients with hemoglobinopathies and also due to the different results of different studies in this background, in patients with beta thalassemia (BTM) and sickle cell disease (SCD), this study aimed to evaluate and compare the oral and dental manifestations of patients with BTM and SCD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study during the years 2014-2017, a total of 175 patients (with documented BTM or SCD attending to Tehran, Mashhad, Isfahan, and Tabriz cities central hospitals) were randomly recruited...
November 22, 2017: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160351/writing-scientific-manuscripts-most-common-mistakes
#13
Jorge Faber
I have had the privilege of serving as editor-in-chief for 11 years of two scientific journals: The Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics and the Journal of the World Federation of Orthodontists. I had the opportunity to read and correct thousands of manuscripts. This experience was greatly enriching, because reading a text professionally completely differs from the perspective of readers in general. The routine practice of correcting manuscripts has made me realize that some errors recur frequently. To help authors to improve their manuscripts before submission, these problems are discussed here in the order that they appear in conventional manuscript sections...
September 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160344/quantification-of-intrusive-retraction-force-and-moment-generated-during-en-masse-retraction-of-maxillary-anterior-teeth-using-mini-implants-a-conceptual-approach
#14
A Sumathi Felicita
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to clarify the biomechanics of en-masse retraction of the upper anterior teeth and attempt to quantify the different forces and moments generated using mini-implants and to calculate the amount of applied force optimal for en-masse intrusion and retraction using mini-implants. METHODS: The optimum force required for en-masse intrusion and retraction can be calculated by using simple mathematical formulae. Depending on the position of the mini-implant and the relationship of the attachment to the center of resistance of the anterior segment, different clinical outcomes are encountered...
September 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160166/scope-of-practice-and-supervision-of-orthodontic-therapists-in-the-united-kingdom-part-2-a-national-cross-sectional-survey-of-orthodontists
#15
Charlotte A Dugdale, Farooq Ahmed, David Waring, Ovais H Malik
OBJECTIVE: Since the introduction of orthodontic therapists (OTs), there has been little research on the scope of practice and the level of supervision they receive. This study investigates how OTs are being utilised and supervised, and how this compares with current recommendations. METHODS AND PARTICIPANTS: A postal cross-sectional survey was mailed to all UK General Dental Council (GDC) registered specialist orthodontists. RESULTS: A 59...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153282/efficacy-of-elastic-memory-chains-versus-nickel-titanium-coil-springs-in-canine-retraction-a-two-center-split-mouth-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Mashallah Khanemasjedi, Mehrnaz Moradinejad, Pedram Javidi, Ozra Niknam, Nima Haghighat Jahromi, Vahid Rakhshan
OBJECTIVE: The use of newly-introduced elastic memory chains (EMCs) in space closure is increasingly gaining popularity. However, no clinical studies have evaluated their efficacy. Therefore, this study was conducted. METHODS: In this two-center split-mouth single-blind randomized controlled trial, 21 jaws were divided into 42 quadrants. The two treatments [canine retraction using EMCs versus nickel-titanium (NiTi) coil springs (as control)] were randomly assigned to two quadrants of each jaw...
November 15, 2017: International Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135737/effect-of-long-term-use-of-facemask-with-miniplate-on-maxillary-protraction-in-patients-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#17
Sung Woon On, Seung-Hak Baek, Jin-Young Choi
The purpose of this retrospective study was to investigate the effect of a long-term use of facemask with miniplate (FM-MP) on maxillary protraction in cleft lip and palate (CLP) patients. The subjects were 21 CLP patients (16 unilateral CLP and 5 bilateral CLP patients), who were treated with identical lip and palate surgical method and FM-MP therapy performed by single surgeon and single orthodontist. Lateral cephalogram was taken before (T1; mean age, 11.1 years) and after maxillary protraction (T2; mean age, 16...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122568/treatment-decision-analysis-for-palatally-displaced-canines-based-on-orthodontists-opinion-and-cbct
#18
Amirfarhang Miresmaeili, Mohammad Basafa, Reza Mahvelati Shamsabadi, Nasrin Farhadian, Abbas Moghymbeigi, Vahid Mollabashi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess difficulty of treatment of palatally-displaced canines (PDC) according to experts' opinion using CBCT data and to determine a cut-off point for extraction versus forced eruption. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Seven CBCT variables of thirty PDC cases were measured with Dolphin 3D software. In addition to measurements of each case, nine 3D and 2D views were prepared on one page and uploaded on the website (canineimpaction.com)...
November 5, 2017: International Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119094/a-comparison-of-orthodontic-elastic-forces-focus-on-reduced-inventory
#19
Ameerah Y Mansour
OBJECTIVES: To compare orthodontic elastics with different force extension characteristics, thereby aiming to reduce the orthodontist's inventory for elastics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty nonextraction class I models were used to determine extension distances. Light, medium, and heavy forced Latex elastics of size 1/4 and 3/16 (from three manufacturers) were used. Thirty elastics from each pack were selected, for a total sample size of 540 elastics. Elastic force was measured at three extensions: three times the lumen (A), first molar to opposing canine (B), and second molar to opposing canine distance (C)...
October 2017: Journal of Orthodontic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118574/how-is-adult-patient-adherence-recorded-in-orthodontists-clinical-notes-a-mixed-method-case-note-study
#20
Nawaf Al Shammary, Koula Asimakopoulou, Fraser McDonald, Jonathon T Newton, Sasha Scambler
Background: Patient adherence in orthodontic treatment is extremely important as it is linked with better treatment outcomes. Despite its importance, however, there is no shared definition of the concept. This makes the recording of adherence-related behaviors in patient notes difficult. The current study explored how, and to what extent adherence is recorded in adult patients' medical records by orthodontists working in a large National Health Service (NHS) London hospital. Materials and methods: A mixed-methods approach was used...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
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