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Undernutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773464/sex-and-gender-differences-in-developmental-programming-of-metabolism
#1
REVIEW
Laura Dearden, Sebastien G Bouret, Susan E Ozanne
BACKGROUND: The early life environment experienced by an individual in utero and during the neonatal period is a major factor in shaping later life disease risk-including susceptibility to develop obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. The incidence of metabolic disease is different between males and females. How the early life environment may underlie these sex differences is an area of active investigation. SCOPE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to summarize our current understanding of how the early life environment influences metabolic disease risk in a sex specific manner...
April 30, 2018: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772207/the-role-of-farming-and-rural-development-as-central-to-our-diets
#2
Jessica Fanzo
Farming and rural development are central to the diversity of global food systems and diets, both significant factors in determining the nutrition and health outcomes of the world's population. Diets are not static and indeed are changing due to globalization, urbanization and demographic shifts. In addition, multiple burdens of malnutrition (both undernutrition and overweight and obesity) are not improving fast enough and in some cases, reversing for the worse. Unhealthy diets are major contributors to these burdens...
May 14, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771453/functionalization-of-lipid-based-nutrient-supplement-with-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-inclusions-of-oregano-essential-oil
#3
Shashank Gaur, Emely C Lopez, Ankur Ojha, Juan E Andrade
Intestinal parasitic infection is one of the main causes of acute undernutrition in children. Oral consumption of oregano essential oil (OEO) can reduce intestinal parasitic infections, however, its addition to therapeutic and supplementary foods is hampered by its undesirable flavor. The objective of this study was to develop a functional lipid-based nutrient supplement (LNS) containing OEO, which is stable, acceptable and provides targeted intestinal delivery of bioactive. β-cyclodextrin (β-CyD) inclusion complexes of OEO (β-CyD-OEO), and carvacrol (β-CyD-CV) (1:1 molar) were prepared using slurry complexation (-20 °C) method and characterized based on encapsulation efficiency, moisture content, morphology, and 2-phase in vitro digestion stability...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771099/-screening-for-undernutrition-among-older-adults-receiving-home-care-an-estimation-of-the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-indicators-available-in-the-resident-assessment-instrument-home-care-adapted-for-switzerland
#4
Catherine Busnel, Catherine Ludwig
INTRODUCTION: in homecare practice, nurses are central actors for the screening of individuals at risks of undernutrition. CONTEXT: in Switzerland, homecare nurses estimate the nutritional status of care recipients by means of a standardized geriatric assessment done with the RAI-HC. AIMS: The aim of the study is to estimate the diagnostic accuracy of the « nutritional status » score, the body mass index and the weight loss documented from the RAI-HC...
March 2018: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770998/maternal-depressive-symptoms-are-negatively-associated-with-child-growth-and-development-evidence-from-rural-india
#5
Phuong Hong Nguyen, Jed Friedman, Mohini Kak, Purnima Menon, Harold Alderman
Maternal depression has been suggested as a risk factor for both poor child growth and development in many low- and middle-income countries, but the validity of many studies is hindered by small sample sizes, varying cut-offs used in depression diagnostics, and incomplete control of confounding factors. This study examines the association between maternal depressive symptoms (MDSs) and child physical growth and cognitive development in Madhya Pradesh, India, where poverty, malnutrition, and poor mental health coexist...
May 17, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764397/determinants-of-child-anthropometric-indicators-in-ethiopia
#6
Davod Ahmadi, Ekta Amarnani, Akankasha Sen, Narges Ebadi, Patrick Cortbaoui, Hugo Melgar-Quiñonez
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is one of the major contributors to child mortality in Ethiopia. Currently established, child nutrition status is assessed by four anthropometric indicators. However, there are other factors affecting children's anthropometric statuses. Thus, the main objective of this paper is to explore some of the determinants of child anthropometric indicators in Ethiopia. METHODS: Data from GROW (the Growing Nutrition for Mothers and Children), a survey including 1261 mothers and 1261 children was carried out in Ethiopia in 2016...
May 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759110/effects-of-a-multi-component-nutritional-telemonitoring-intervention-on-nutritional-status-diet-quality-physical-functioning-and-quality-of-life-of-community-dwelling-older-adults
#7
Marije N van Doorn-van Atten, Annemien Haveman-Nies, Marit M van Bakel, Monique Ferry, Maite Franco, Lisette C P G M de Groot, Jeanne H M de Vries
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of an intervention including nutritional telemonitoring, nutrition education, and follow-up by a nurse on nutritional status, diet quality, appetite, physical functioning and quality of life of Dutch community-dwelling elderly. We used a parallel arm pre-test post-test design with 214 older adults (average age 80 years) who were allocated to the intervention group (n 97) or control group (n 107), based on the municipality. The intervention group received a 6-month intervention including telemonitoring measurements, nutrition education and follow-up by a nurse...
May 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754437/reduced-fiber-size-capillary-supply-and-mitochondrial-activity-in-constitutional-thinness-skeletal-muscle
#8
Bogdan Galusca, Julien Verney, Emmanuelle Meugnier, Yiin Ling, Pascal Edouard, Leonard Feasson, Marion Ravelojaona, Hubert Vidal, Bruno Estour, Natacha Germain
AIM: Constitutional thinness (CT) is a rare condition of natural low bodyweight, with no psychological issues, no marker of undernutrition and a resistance to weight gain. This study evaluated the skeletal muscle phenotype of CT women by comparison to a normal BMI control group. METHODS: 10 CT women (BMI< 17.5 kg/m2) and 10 female controls (BMI: 18.5-25 kg/m2) underwent metabolic and hormonal assessment along with muscle biopsies to analyse the skeletal muscular fibers pattern, capillarity, enzymes activities and transcriptomics...
May 13, 2018: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753694/physiological-adaptation-of-the-growth-restricted-fetus
#9
REVIEW
Karel Maršál
The growth-restricted fetus in utero is exposed to a hostile environment and suffers undernutrition and hypoxia. To cope with the stress, the fetus changes its physiological functions. These adaptive changes aid intrauterine survival; however, they can lead to permanent functional and structural changes that can contribute to the development of serious chronic diseases later in life. Epigenetic mechanisms are an important part of the pathophysiological processes behind this "developmental origin of adult diseases...
February 24, 2018: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752190/nutritional-status-changes-and-activities-of-daily-living-after-hip-fracture-in-convalescent-rehabilitation-units-a-retrospective-observational-cohort-study-from-the-japan-rehabilitation-nutrition-database
#10
Shinta Nishioka, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Ryo Momosaki
BACKGROUND: Several studies have suggested that malnutrition impedes functional recovery in patients with hip fracture, but there are few reports on improvement in nutritional status and return to activities of daily living (ADL) in these patients. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between change in nutritional status and recovery of ADL in malnourished patients after hip fracture and to identify predictors of functional recovery among the characteristic features of undernutrition...
May 8, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750766/infectious-morbidity-mortality-and-nutrition-in-hiv-exposed-uninfected-formula-fed-infants-results-from-the-hptn-040-pactg-1043-trial
#11
Nava Yeganeh, D Heather Watts, Jiahong Xu, Tara Kerin, Esau C Joao, Jose Henrique Pilotto, Gerhard Theron, Glenda Gray, Breno Santos, Rosana Fonseca, Regis Kreitchmann, Jorge Pinto, Marisa M Mussi-Pinhata, Valdilea Veloso, Margaret Camarca, Lynne Mofenson, Jack Moye, Karin Nielsen-Saines
BACKGROUND: HIV exposed uninfected (HEU) infants are a growing population with potentially poor health outcomes. We evaluated morbidity and mortality in HEU formula-fed infants enrolled in the NICHD HPTN 040/PACTG 1043 trial. METHODS: Infectious morbidity, mortality, and undernutrition were evaluated within a cohort of 1,000 HEU infants enrolled between 4/2004 and 4/2010 in Brazil (N=766) and South Africa (N=234) as part of the NICHD/HPTN 040 trial of three different antiretroviral regimens to decrease intrapartum HIV vertical transmission...
May 10, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746745/-trends-of-malnutrition-in-mexican-children-under-five-years-from-1988-to-2016-analysis-of-five-national-surveys
#12
Lucía Cuevas-Nasu, Teresa Shamah-Levy, Sonia L Hernández-Cordero, L Dinorah González-Castell, Ignacio Méndez Gómez-Humarán, Marco A Ávila-Arcos, Juan A Rivera-Dommarco
OBJECTIVE: To study the magnitude, distribution and trends of undernutrition and overweight in Mexican children un¬der five years between 1988 and 2016. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Underweight, wasting, stunting and overweight prevalences were calculated, at national, regional and rural/ urban locality levels in children under five years from the 1988, 1999, 2006, 2012 and 2016 national probabilistic surveys. RESULTS: Currently 3.9% suffer underweight, 1...
May 2018: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742136/impact-on-birth-weight-and-child-growth-of-participatory-learning-and-action-women-s-groups-with-and-without-transfers-of-food-or-cash-during-pregnancy-findings-of-the-low-birth-weight-south-asia-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-lbwsat-in-nepal
#13
Naomi M Saville, Bhim P Shrestha, Sarah Style, Helen Harris-Fry, B James Beard, Aman Sen, Sonali Jha, Anjana Rai, Vikas Paudel, Raghbendra Sah, Puskar Paudel, Andrew Copas, Bishnu Bhandari, Rishi Neupane, Joanna Morrison, Lu Gram, Anni-Maria Pulkki-Brännström, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Machhindra Basnet, Saskia de Pee, Andrew Hall, Jayne Harthan, Meelan Thondoo, Sonja Klingberg, Janice Messick, Dharma S Manandhar, David Osrin, Anthony Costello
BACKGROUND: Undernutrition during pregnancy leads to low birthweight, poor growth and inter-generational undernutrition. We did a non-blinded cluster-randomised controlled trial in the plains districts of Dhanusha and Mahottari, Nepal to assess the impact on birthweight and weight-for-age z-scores among children aged 0-16 months of community-based participatory learning and action (PLA) women's groups, with and without food or cash transfers to pregnant women. METHODS: We randomly allocated 20 clusters per arm to four arms (average population/cluster = 6150)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741567/a-matter-of-survival-the-detrimental-consequences-of-adverse-early-life-conditions
#14
Susanne R de Rooij
Studies across different species have shown that moderate dietary restriction is associated with longer lifespan. Surprisingly however, when diet is restricted in prenatal life, the effect is completely the opposite. Animal work and human epidemiologic data have shown that undernutrition in utero negatively affects health in later life and reduces lifespan considerably. In this issue of the American Journal of Epidemiology, Schoeps et al. provide new evidence that variations in nutritional conditions during pregnancy relate to the future health of the unborn child (1)...
May 5, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737810/pre-earthquake-national-patterns-of-preschool-child-undernutrition-and-household-food-insecurity-in-nepal-in-2013-and-2014
#15
Sudeep Shrestha, Andrew L Thorne-Lyman, Swetha Manohar, Binod Shrestha, Sumanta Neupane, Ruchita Rajbhandary, Raman Shrestha, Rolf Dw Klemm, Bareng As Nonyane, Ramesh K Adhikari, Patrick Webb, Keith P West
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Preschool undernutrition remains a burden in Nepal. This paper reports results of surveys in 2013 and 2014, examining patterns of child nutritional status across the country, associations with household food insecurity and antecedent comparative national data for subsequent evaluations of nutritional status following the earthquake in Nepal in 2015. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A multi-stage sample was drawn comprising 21 sites in 75 districts of the country, representing the mountains, hills and Terai zones, providing proportionate to zonal samples of 4286 and 4947 households and 5401 and 5474 preschool children in each year, respectively...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735148/maternal-high-risk-fertility-behavior-and-association-with-chronic-undernutrition-among-children-under-age-5-y-in-india-bangladesh-and-nepal-do-poor-children-have-a-higher-risk
#16
Mosiur Rahman, Syed Emdadul Haque, Sarwar Zahan, Jahirul Islam, Mosfequr Rahman, M D Asaduzzaman, Nuruzzaman Haque, Ahmed Zohirul Islam, Durul Huda, Golam Mostofa
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to examine whether an association exists between maternal high-risk fertility behavior and chronic undernutrition among children under 5 y of age. In addition, we explored the relationship between poverty and high-risk fertility behavior and the relative roles they play as obstacles in the reduction of the risk of undernutrition among children. METHODS: The analysis was based on responses from married women ages 15 to 49 who lived with at least one child under the age of 5; and three cross-sectional, nationally representative samples from India, Bangladesh, and Nepal were considered...
May 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730657/adolescent-undernutrition-global-burden-physiology-and-nutritional-risks
#17
Parul Christian, Emily R Smith
Adolescents, comprised of 10-19 year olds, form the largest generation of young people in our history. There are an estimated 1.8 billion adolescents in the world, with 90% residing in low- and middle-income countries. The burden of disease among adolescents has its origins in infectious and injury-related causes, but nutritional deficiencies, suboptimal linear growth, and undernutrition are major public health problems, even as overweight may be on the rise in many contexts. Summary and Key Messages: Girls are most vulnerable to the influences of cultural and gender norms, which often discriminate against them...
May 4, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728256/nutritional-status-of-onges-of-little-andaman-island-current-state-and-the-change-over-the-last-fifteen-years
#18
M P Chander, A P Sugunan, H M Siddaraju, A N Shriram, B Nagendra, P Jawahar, P Vijayachari
Onges, an indigenous vulnerable tribe, inhabit the Little Andaman Island. Study undertaken during 1997, recorded high prevalence of undernutrition among children. Subsequently, food rationing was modified by Andaman and Nicobar administration. In the present study, health and nutritional status of this tribe was assessed in 2013 after a gap of 15 years. All individuals in the tribe were included. Various health parameters, viz, nutritional anthropometry, haemoglobin level, fasting sugar, lipids and intestinal parasites were investigated...
March 30, 2018: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724127/growth-components-of-cow-s-milk-emphasis-on-effects-in-undernourished-children
#19
Benedikte Grenov, Kim F Michaelsen
BACKGROUND: Cow's milk is a core ingredient in foods for prevention and treatment of undernutrition in children. It promotes growth, but there is limited knowledge of which components in milk have growth-stimulating effects. OBJECTIVE: To discuss the growth-stimulating effects of milk in undernourished children with emphasis on protein, lactose, and minerals. METHODS: We reviewed literature on dairy and growth in undernourished children. RESULTS: Cow's milk has a specific stimulating effect on linear growth, even in well-nourished children, and it may stimulate weight gain and muscle accretion in wasted children...
January 1, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717690/sociodemographic-and-geographical-inequalities-in-under-and-overnutrition-among-children-and-mothers-in-bangladesh-a-spatial-modelling-approach-to-a-nationally-representative-survey
#20
Mohammad Nahid Mia, M Shafiqur Rahman, Paritosh K Roy
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the sociodemographic and geographical variation in under- and overnutrition prevalence among children and mothers. DESIGN: Data from the 2014 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey were analysed. Stunting and wasting for children and BMI<18·5 kg/m2 for mothers were considered as undernutrition; overweight was considered as overnutrition for both children and mothers. We estimated the prevalence and performed simple logistic regression analyses to assess the associations between outcome variables and predictors...
May 2, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
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