keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Undernutrition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137500/mentor-mothers-program-improved-child-health-outcomes-at-a-relatively-low-cost-in-south-africa
#1
Adriane Wynn, Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus, Arleen A Leibowitz, Thomas Weichle, Ingrid le Roux, Mark Tomlinson
In light of South Africa's high prenatal HIV prevalence and infant mortality rate, a cluster randomized controlled trial was conducted to evaluate an intervention called Philani+, which used community health workers (known as Mentor Mothers) to deliver pre- and postnatal home visits in Cape Town, South Africa, to improve maternal and child health. We assessed the costs and benefits of this intervention and made comparisons with other scenarios that depicted increased capacity and provision of nurse-delivered care...
November 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125871/does-ownership-of-improved-dairy-cow-breeds-improve-child-nutrition-a-pathway-analysis-for-uganda
#2
Nassul S Kabunga, Shibani Ghosh, Patrick Webb
The promotion of livestock production is widely believed to support enhanced diet quality and child nutrition, but the empirical evidence for this causal linkage remains narrow and ambiguous. This study examines whether adoption of improved dairy cow breeds is linked to farm-level outcomes that translate into household-level benefits including improved child nutrition outcomes in Uganda. Using nationwide data from Uganda's National Panel Survey, propensity score matching is used to create an unbiased counterfactual, based on observed characteristics, to assess the net impacts of improved dairy cow adoption...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121978/coinfection-of-intestinal-schistosomiasis-and-malaria-and-association-with-haemoglobin-levels-and-nutritional-status-in-school-children-in-mara-region-northwestern-tanzania-a-cross-sectional-exploratory-study
#3
Safari M Kinung'hi, Humphrey D Mazigo, David W Dunne, Stella Kepha, Godfrey Kaatano, Coleman Kishamawe, Samuel Ndokeji, Teckla Angelo, Fred Nuwaha
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis represents a major public health problem in Tanzania despite ongoing national control efforts. This study examined whether intestinal schistosomiasis is associated with malaria and assessed the contribution of intestinal schistosomiasis and malaria on anaemia and undernutrition in school children in Mara region, North-western Tanzania. METHODS: Stool samples were collected from each of 928 school children randomly selected from 5 schools and examined for intestinal schistosomiasis using the Kato Katz method...
November 9, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114193/undernutrition-and-associated-factors-among-adults-human-immunodeficiency-virus-positive-on-antiretroviral-therapy-in-hospitals-east-hararge-zone-oromia-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Mulugeta Dedha, Melake Damena, Gudina Egata, Lemma Negesa
Objective: The aim of the study was to assess undernutrition and factors associated with, among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and on antiretroviral therapy (ART). Methods: Facility-based cross-sectional study design was implemented. Data were collected using pretested structured questionnaire at ART service site. Basic descriptive statistics were computed. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to assess the association between outcome variable and explanatory variables...
November 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113618/milk-products-in-the-dietary-management-of-childhood-undernutrition-a-historical-review
#5
Veronika Scherbaum, M Leila Srour
The present narrative review outlines the use of milk products in infant and young child feeding from early history until today and illustrates how research findings and technical innovations contributed to the evolution of milk-based strategies to combat undernutrition in children below the age of 5 years. From the onset of social welfare initiatives, dairy products were provided by maternal and child health services to improve nutrition. During the last century, a number of aetiological theories on oedematous forms of undernutrition were developed and until the 1970s the dogma of protein deficiency was dominant...
November 8, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112877/weakness-the-most-frequent-criterion-among-pre-frail-and-frail-older-portuguese
#6
A R Sousa-Santos, C Afonso, P Moreira, P Padrão, A Santos, N Borges, T F Amaral
AIM: In Portugal, the burden of pre-frailty and frailty in community-dwelling older adults is still unknown. The purpose of this study is to estimate the frequency of frailty in a Portuguese sample with ≥ 65years and to evaluate its associated factors. We also intend to identify which criterion has more impact on the diagnosis of frailty. METHODS: 1457 older adults with ≥ 65years from the Nutrition UP 65 study were evaluated in a cross-sectional analysis...
October 28, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112753/genome-nutrition-divergence-evolving-understanding-of-the-malnutrition-spectrum
#7
Jacob C Eaton, Lora L Iannotti
Humans adapted over a period of 2.3 million years to a diet high in quality and diversity. Genome-nutrition divergence describes the misalignment between modern global diets and the genome formed through evolution. A survey of hominin diets over time shows that humans have thrived on a broad range of foods. Earlier diets were highly diverse and nutrient dense, in contrast to modern food systems in which monotonous diets of staple cereals and ultraprocessed foods play a more prominent role. Applying the lens of genome-nutrition divergence to malnutrition reveals shared risk factors for undernutrition and overnutrition at nutrient, food, and environmental levels...
November 1, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098763/characterising-infant-and-young-child-feeding-practices-and-the-consumption-of-poultry-products-in-rural-tanzania-a-mixed-methods-approach
#8
Julia De Bruyn, Brigitte Bagnol, Ian Darnton-Hill, Wende Maulaga, Peter C Thomson, Robyn Alders
Suboptimal breastfeeding practices, early initiation of complementary feeding, and monotonous cereal-based diets have been implicated as contributors to continuing high rates of child undernutrition in sub-Saharan Africa. Nutrition-sensitive interventions, including agricultural programs that increase access to nutrient-rich vegetables, legumes, and animal-source foods, have the potential to achieve sustainable improvements in children's diets. In the quest to evaluate the efficacy of such programs in improving growth and development in the first 2 years of life, there is a role for mixed methods research to better understand existing infant and young child feeding practices...
November 2, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094048/the-efficacy-of-single-dose-versus-double-dose-praziquantel-treatments-on-schistosoma-mansoni-infections-its-implication-on-undernutrition-and-anaemia-among-primary-schoolchildren-in-two-on-shore-communities-northwestern-tanzania
#9
David Z Munisi, Joram Buza, Emmanuel A Mpolya, Teckla Angelo, Safari M Kinung'hi
Administering more than one treatment may increase Praziquantel cure and egg reduction rates, thereby hastening achievement of schistosomiasis transmission control. A total of 431 S. mansoni-infected schoolchildren were randomized to receive either a single or repeated 40 mg/kg Praziquantel dose. Heights, weights, and haemoglobin levels were determined using a stadiometer, weighing scale, and HemoCue, respectively. At 8 weeks, cure rate was higher on repeated dose (93.10%) compared to single dose (68.68%) (p < 0...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091930/self-administered-vitamin-d-status-predictor-older-adults-are-able-to-use-a-self-questionnaire-for-evaluating-their-vitamin-d-status
#10
Cedric Annweiler, Anastasiia Kabeshova, Alix Callens, Marie-Liesse Paty, Guillaume T Duval, Michael F Holick
BACKGROUND: The 16-item Vitamin D Status Predictor (VDSP) questionnaire helps to identify, without resorting to a blood test, older adults with low vitamin D concentrations. Our objective was to determine whether a self-administered VDSP was concordant with the VDSP administered by a physician, and to examine the concordance of every single item of the VDSP. METHODS: A total of 349 older in- and outpatients (mean, 83.2±7.2years; 59% female) were consecutively recruited in the geriatric ward of the University Hospital of Angers, France...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084014/nutrition-and-the-community-dwelling-older-person-a-pilot-study-in-general-practice
#11
Donna Preston, Thi N M Nguyen, Renuka Visvanathan, Anne Wilson
INTRODUCTION: Nutrition is vital for health, and undernutrition can compromise physical and mental wellbeing. The prevalence of undernutrition among older community-dwelling adults attending general practice in Australia is not readily known. OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to determine the prevalence of malnutrition of the elderly in Australian general practice, to assess malnutrition-related factors and to describe the older people's perception about nutrition...
October 27, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082010/prenatal-and-perinatal-risk-factors-for-disability-in-a-rural-nepali-birth-cohort
#12
Edward J N Haworth, Kirti M Tumbahangphe, Anthony Costello, Dharma Manandhar, Dhruba Adhikari, Bharat Budhathoki, Dej Krishna Shrestha, Khadka Sagar, Michelle Heys
BACKGROUND: Improving newborn health remains a global health priority. Little however is known about the neurodevelopmental consequences for survivors of complications in pregnancy, labour and the neonatal period in in low-income countries outside of small selective and typically urban facility studies. We ask which antenatal, birth and neonatal factors are associated with disability in childhood in a large community birth cohort from rural Nepal. METHODS: 6436 infants were recruited during a cluster randomised control trial (RCT) of participatory women's groups (ISRCTN31137309), of whom 6075 survived beyond 28 days...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081994/levels-and-trends-of-childhood-undernutrition-by-wealth-and-education-according-to-a-composite-index-of-anthropometric-failure-evidence-from-146-demographic-and-health-surveys-from-39-countries
#13
Sebastian Vollmer, Kenneth Harttgen, Roland Kupka, S V Subramanian
BACKGROUND: Governments have endorsed global targets to reduce childhood undernutrition as part of the Sustainable Development Goals. Understanding the socioeconomic differences in childhood undernutrition has the potential to be helpful for targeting policy to reach these goals. METHODS: We specify a logistic regression model with the Composite Index of Anthropometric Failure (CIAF) as the outcome and indicator variables for wealth quartiles, maternal education categories and a set of covariates as explanatory variables...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074280/premature-brain-aging-in-humans-exposed-to-maternal-nutrient-restriction-during-early-gestation
#14
Katja Franke, Christian Gaser, Susanne R de Rooij, Matthias Schwab, Tessa J Roseboom
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to undernutrition is widespread in both developing and industrialized countries, causing irreversible damage to the developing brain, resulting in altered brain structure and decreased cognitive function during adulthood. The Dutch famine in 1944/45 was a humanitarian disaster, now enabling studies of the effects of prenatal undernutrition during gestation on brain aging in late adulthood. METHODS: We hypothesized that study participants prenatally exposed to maternal nutrient restriction (MNR) would demonstrate altered brain structure resembling premature brain aging in late adulthood, expecting the effect being stronger in men...
October 23, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074165/early-life-undernutrition-and-adult-height-the-dutch-famine-of-1944-45
#15
F R M Portrait, T F van Wingerden, D J H Deeg
Current research shows strong associations between adult height and several positive outcomes such as higher cognitive skills, better earning capacity, increased chance of marriage and better health. It is therefore relevant to investigate the determinants of adult height. There is mixed evidence on the effects of undernutrition during early life on adult height. Therefore, our study aims at assessing the impact of undernutrition during gestation and at ages younger than 15 on adult height. We used data from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam...
October 18, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073900/comparison-of-online-marketing-techniques-on-food-and-beverage-companies-websites-in-six-countries
#16
Marie A Bragg, Margaret Eby, Josh Arshonsky, Alex Bragg, Gbenga Ogedegbe
Food and beverage marketing contributes to poor dietary choices among adults and children. As consumers spend more time on the Internet, food and beverage companies have increased their online marketing efforts. Studies have shown food companies' online promotions use a variety of marketing techniques to promote mostly energy-dense, nutrient-poor products, but no studies have compared the online marketing techniques and nutritional quality of products promoted on food companies' international websites. For this descriptive study, we developed a qualitative codebook to catalogue the marketing themes used on 18 international corporate websites associated with the world's three largest fast food and beverage companies (i...
October 26, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073186/ethical-issues-in-the-development-and-implementation-of-nutrition-related-public-health-policies-and-interventions-a-scoping-review
#17
Thierry Hurlimann, Juan Pablo Peña-Rosas, Abha Saxena, Gerardo Zamora, Béatrice Godard
BACKGROUND: The limited integration of ethics in nutrition-related public health policies and interventions is one major concern for those who have the task of implementing them. Ethical challenges that are overlooked during the development of such interventions could raise serious ethical issues during their implementation and even after. As a result, these decision makers need technical support and ethical guidance for adaptation of interventions to local (cultural, social, economic, etc...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072305/life-history-theory-hypotheses-on-child-growth-potential-implications-for-short-and-long-term-child-growth-development-and-health
#18
EDITORIAL
Rihlat Said-Mohamed, John M Pettifor, Shane A Norris
Life history theory integrates ecological, physiological, and molecular layers within an evolutionary framework to understand organisms' strategies to optimize survival and reproduction. Two life history hypotheses and their implications for child growth, development, and health (illustrated in the South African context) are reviewed here. One hypothesis suggests that there is an energy trade-off between linear growth and brain growth. Undernutrition in infancy and childhood may trigger adaptive physiological mechanisms prioritizing the brain at the expense of body growth...
October 26, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063043/the-importance-and-strategy-of-diabetes-prevention
#19
REVIEW
Bing-Yin Shi
Diabetes has become one of the largest public health problems to date. Decreased physical activity, overnutrition, and nutrition transitions caused by changes in lifestyle contribute to the increasing incidence of chronic metabolic diseases as well as deaths related to them. The shift from undernutrition to overnutrition indicates that chronic diseases of affluence have become a public health problem; hence, sustainable health-related goals have been developed for the prevention of these diseases. Environmental factors and the gut microbiota influence metabolism in the human body...
December 2016: Chronic Dis Transl Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058562/does-l-tryptophan-supplementation-reduce-chewing-deficits-in-an-experimental-model-of-cerebral-palsy
#20
Diego Cabral Lacerda, Raul Manhães-de-Castro, Kelli Nogueira Ferraz-Pereira, Ana Elisa Toscano
Children with cerebral palsy commonly present with feeding difficulties that result from multiple orofacial sequelae, especially deficits in mastication. A previous study demonstrated that perinatal protein undernutrition accentuated the chewing impact in an experimental model of cerebral palsy. Therefore, the present study investigated whether nutritional manipulation reversed or minimized the chewing sequelae in cerebral palsy. We emphasized the relevance of evaluating the therapeutic potential of nutrients, especially tryptophan supplementation, to reduce the chewing deficits that are typical of this syndrome...
October 23, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
keyword
keyword
13025
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"