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Undernutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722585/school-children-s-intestinal-parasite-and-nutritional-status-1-year-after-complementary-school-garden-nutrition-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-interventions-in-burkina-faso
#1
Séverine Erismann, Serge Diagbouga, Christian Schindler, Peter Odermatt, Astrid M Knoblauch, Jana Gerold, Andrea Leuenberger, Akina Shrestha, Grissoum Tarnagda, Jürg Utzinger, Guéladio Cissé
The potential health benefits of combined agricultural, nutrition, water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions are poorly understood. We aimed to determine whether complementary school garden, nutrition, and WASH interventions reduce intestinal parasites and improve school children's nutritional status in two regions of Burkina Faso. A cluster-randomized controlled trial was conducted in the Plateau Central and Center-Ouest regions of Burkina Faso. A total of 360 randomly selected children, aged 8-15 years, had complete baseline and end-line survey data...
July 10, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721957/nutritional-status-of-mid-day-meal-programme-beneficiaries-a-cross-sectional-study-among-primary-schoolchildren-in-kottayam-district-kerala-india
#2
Rajeev Jayalakshmi, Vinoda Thulaseedharan Jissa
BACKGROUND: The efficiency of Mid-Day Meal (MDM) Programme in India to ensure the optimum nutritional status of its beneficiaries is rarely studied. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the nutritional status of 6-10-year-old schoolchildren who were the beneficiaries of MDM and the child-related factors affecting their nutritional status. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed among 322 children from 12 randomly selected primary schools in one block panchayat of Kerala state...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712150/the-effect-of-young-children-s-faeces-disposal-practices-on-child-growth-evidence-from-34-countries
#3
Valerie Bauza, Jeremy S Guest
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the relationship between child faeces disposal and child growth in low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: We analysed caregiver responses and anthropometric data from Demographic and Health Surveys (2005-2014) for 202,614 children under five and 82,949 children under two to examine the association between child faeces disposal and child growth. RESULTS: Child faeces disposal in an improved toilet was associated with reduced stunting for children under five [adjusted prevalence ratio (aPR)=0...
July 16, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710363/neural-correlates-of-altered-feedback-learning-in-women-recovered-from-anorexia-nervosa
#4
Franziska Ritschel, Daniel Geisler, Joseph A King, Fabio Bernardoni, Maria Seidel, Ilka Boehm, Richard Vettermann, Ronald Biemann, Veit Roessner, Michael N Smolka, Stefan Ehrlich
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is associated with exaggerated self-control and altered reward-based decision making, but the underlying neural mechanisms are poorly understood. Consistent with the notion of excessive cognitive control, we recently found increased dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) activation in acutely ill patients (acAN) on lose-shift trials in a probabilistic reversal learning (PRL) task. However, undernutrition may modulate brain function. In attempt to disentangle trait from state factors, the current fMRI study investigated cognitive control in recovered patients (recAN)...
July 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702099/strategies-for-early-metabolic-disturbances-in-patients-with-an-end-jejunostomy-or-end-ileostomy-experience-from-a-specialized-home-parenteral-nutrition-hpn-center
#5
Michał Ławiński, Dominika Haraszczuk, Aleksandra Gradowska, Justyna Z Kostro, Agnieszka Bzikowska, Jacek Sobocki
INTRODUCTION: An end stoma syndrome is usually the result of an intentional surgical intervention in the course of staged treatment or a complication of surgery. These patients most frequently suffer from water and electrolyte disturbances, malnutrition syndromes caused by malabsorption of trace elements and/or vitamins, and undernutrition. AIM: To present early metabolic disturbances observed in patients with an end jejunostomy or end ileostomy syndrome on the first day of their hospitalization in a specialist Home Parenteral Nutrition (HPN) center...
2017: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688884/nutrition-screening-coding-after-discharge-underestimates-the-prevalence-of-undernutrition
#6
Jessie M Hulst, Koen F M Joosten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 6, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686964/relative-importance-of-13-correlates-of-child-stunting-in-south-asia-insights-from-nationally-representative-data-from-afghanistan-bangladesh-india-nepal-and-pakistan
#7
Rockli Kim, Iván Mejía-Guevara, Daniel J Corsi, Víctor M Aguayo, S V Subramanian
Optimal growth and development in early childhood is determined by a complex interplay of child, maternal, household, environmental, and socioeconomic factors that influence nutritional intake, but interventions to reduce child undernutrition sometimes target specific risk factors in isolation. In this analysis, we assess the relative importance of 13 correlates of child stunting selected based on a collective review of existing multi-factorial frameworks: complementary feeding, breastfeeding, feeding frequency, dietary diversity, maternal height, body mass index (BMI), education, age at marriage, child vaccination, access to improved drinking source and sanitation facilities, household indoor air quality, and household wealth...
June 16, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675690/caregiver-infant-s-feeding-behaviours-are-associated-with-energy-intake-of-9-11-month-old-infants-in-rural-ethiopia
#8
Kaleab Baye, Aster Tariku, Claire Mouquet-Rivier
Inappropriate complementary feeding, both in quantity and quality, is a major determinant of undernutrition. However, little is known about how infant-caregiver's feeding behaviours affect infants' energy intake. Therefore, the objective of this study was to characterize infant-caregiver feeding behaviours and investigate their association with infants' energy intake. The study involved 106 mother-child pairs recruited from seven randomly selected kebeles of Mecha district, West Gojam, Ethiopia. The feeding styles were assessed through observations of 1-day, in-home, feeding episodes that were videotaped and coded into self-feeding, responsive, active, distracting, and social feeding behaviours...
July 3, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675282/-oral-nutritive-supplements-efficiency-and-clinical-use-in-community-dwelling-patients
#9
Julie Mareschal, Alessandro Limonta, Claude Pichard, Laurence Genton
Undernutrition represents a wide-spread clinical state in outpatients and inpatients. It is associated with a high morbidity and mortality, an impaired quality of life, and increased healthcare costs. Early diagnosis and treatement help to reduce these medical and economic consequences. Oral nutritive supplements (ONS) are simple, effective and economic medical treatments to fight against undernutrition. However, they are insufficiently used for outpatients because of lack of knowledge. This article reviews the impact of ONS, their indications and contraindications and their modalities of prescription and focuses especially on community-dwelling patients...
August 31, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675135/opportunities-for-strengthening-infant-and-young-child-feeding-policies-in-south-asia-insights-from-the-saifrn-policy-analysis-project
#10
Anne Marie Thow, Sumit Karn, Madhu Dixit Devkota, Sabrina Rasheed, S K Roy, Yasmeen Suleman, Tabish Hazir, Archana Patel, Abhay Gaidhane, Seema Puri, Sanjeeva Godakandage, Upul Senarath, Michael J Dibley
BACKGROUND: South Asian countries experience some of the highest levels of child undernutrition in the world, strongly linked to poor infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices. Strong and responsive policy support is essential for effective interventions to improve IYCF. This study aimed to identify opportunities for strengthening the policy environment in the region to better support appropriate infant and young child feeding. METHODS: We mapped policies relevant to infant and young child feeding in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Nepal, based on a common matrix...
June 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669063/maternal-undernutrition-during-the-pre-and-post-conception-periods-in-twin-bearing-hairsheep-ewes-effects-on-fetal-and-placental-development-at-mid-gestation
#11
Ulises Macías-Cruz, Ricardo Vicente-Pérez, Miguel Mellado, Abelardo Correa-Calderón, Cesar A Meza-Herrera, Leonel Avendaño-Reyes
To evaluate the effects of pre- and post-conception undernutrition (UN) on fetal and placental development at mid-gestation, 28 Katahdin × Pelibuey multiparous ewes were blocked by weight and assigned to the following four dietary treatments (n = 7 each): ewes fed 100% (control) or 60% of their nutritional requirements 30 days before mating (UNPre), 50 days after mating (UNPost) or during both periods (UNB). Four twin-bearing ewes were selected per treatment at day 50 post-conception and then slaughtered at day 75 of gestation to analyze their fetuses...
July 1, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663354/feeding-the-microbiota-transducer-of-nutrient-signals-for-the-host
#12
REVIEW
Fergus Shanahan, Douwe van Sinderen, Paul W O'Toole, Catherine Stanton
Advances in microbiome science cast light on traditional concepts on nutritional science, and are poised for clinical translation. Epidemiologic observations which linked lifestyle factors to risk of disease are being re-interpreted with mechanistic insight based on improved understanding of the microbiota. Examples include the role of dietary fibre in disease prevention, the deleterious effects of highly restricted diets, and the contribution of the microbiota to over- and undernutrition. While the microbiota transduces nutrient signals for the host, food and habitual diet shape the composition of the gut microbiota at every stage of life...
June 29, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659252/mobile-phone-short-messages-to-improve-exclusive-breastfeeding-and-reduce-adverse-infant-feeding-practices-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-yangon-myanmar
#13
Myat Pan Hmone, Mu Li, Ashraful Alam, Michael J Dibley
BACKGROUND: Myanmar has a high burden of mortality for children aged younger than 5 years in which undernutrition plays a major role. Despite current efforts, the exclusive breastfeeding rate for children under 6 months is only 24%. To date there have been no interventions using mobile phones to improve breastfeeding and other feeding practices in Myanmar. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to implement a breastfeeding promotion intervention using mobile phone text messages in Yangon, Myanmar, and evaluate its impact on breastfeeding practices...
June 28, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659214/the-risk-of-stroke-after-prenatal-exposure-to-famine
#14
J Horenblas, S R de Rooij, T J Roseboom
Prenatal exposure to famine is associated with an increased risk of metabolic and cardiovascular diseases in the offspring at adult age. The aim of this study was to assess whether prenatal exposure to undernutrition increases the risk of stroke. This study was performed in the Dutch famine birth cohort, which consist of 2414 members who were born between 1943 and 1947 in the Netherlands. In a subsample of 1177 individuals, interviews were conducted using standardized questionnaires to obtain information about medical history (which included specific questions regarding stroke) and lifestyle...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656923/assessment-of-gross-malnutrition-among-primary-school-children-using-body-mass-index-as-an-assessment-tool-in-abakaliki-metropolis-of-ebonyi-state-south-east-nigeria
#15
U V Asiegbu, O G Asiegbu, B N Onyire, A N Ikefuna, B C Ibe
BACKGROUND: Obesity and overweight are emerging major health problems in developing countries in the background of undernutrition. These have been linked to a substantial increase in mortality and morbidity. OBJECTIVES: This cross-sectional survey was aimed at determining the prevalence of underweight, overweight, and obesity using body mass index (BMI) in primary school pupils in Abakaliki metropolis of Ebonyi State, south-east Nigeria. METHOD: Eight hundred and four participants aged 6-12 years, from four public and four private primary schools had their weights and heights measured using standard methods...
June 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647326/effect-of-prepartum-energy-balance-on-neutrophil-function-following-pegbovigrastim-treatment-in-periparturient-cows
#16
S McDougall, S J LeBlanc, A Heiser
Treatment with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) increases polymorphonuclear cell (neutrophil) count and enhances neutrophil function in the periparturient cow. Prepartum undernutrition was hypothesized to reduce the effect of a commercially available recombinant bovine G-CSF product (pegbovigrastim) on neutrophil count and function. Hence this study was undertaken to test the effect of undernutrition for approximately 1 mo before calving on the innate immune response to pegbovigrastim. Cows (n = 99) on pasture were blocked by expected calving date and body condition score and randomly assigned in a 2 × 2 factorial design...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641979/sexual-dimorphism-in-the-fetal-cardiac-response-to-maternal-nutrient-restriction
#17
Sribalasubashini Muralimanoharan, Cun Li, Ernesto S Nakayasu, Cameron P Casey, Thomas O Metz, Peter W Nathanielsz, Alina Maloyan
Poor maternal nutrition causes intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR); however, its effects on fetal cardiac development are unclear. We have developed a baboon model of moderate maternal undernutrition, leading to IUGR. We hypothesized that the IUGR affects fetal cardiac structure and metabolism. Six control pregnant baboons ate ad-libitum (CTRL)) or 70% CTRL from 0.16 of gestation (G). Fetuses were euthanized at C-section at 0.9G under general anesthesia. Male but not female IUGR fetuses showed left ventricular fibrosis inversely correlated with birth weight...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641057/child-anthropometry-data-quality-from-demographic-and-health-surveys-multiple-indicator-cluster-surveys-and-national-nutrition-surveys-in-the-west-central-africa-region-are-we-comparing-apples-and-oranges
#18
Daniel J Corsi, Jessica M Perkins, S V Subramanian
BACKGROUND: There has been limited work comparing survey characteristics and assessing the quality of child anthropometric data from population-based surveys. OBJECTIVE: To investigate survey characteristics and indicators of quality of anthropometric data in children aged 0-59 months from 23 countries in the West Central Africa region. METHODS: Using established methodologies and criteria to examine child age, sex, height, and weight, we conducted a comprehensive assessment and scoring of the quality of anthropometric data collected in 100 national surveys...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637315/attenuated-effects-of-bile-acids-on-glucose-metabolism-and-insulin-sensitivity-in-a-male-mouse-model-of-prenatal-undernutrition
#19
Huijuan Ma, Vicencia M Sales, Ashley R Wolf, Sathish Subramanian, Tucker J Matthews, Michael Chen, Aparna Sharma, Walt Gall, Wim Kulik, David E Cohen, Yusuke Adachi, Nicholas W Griffin, Jeffrey I Gordon, Mary-Elizabeth Patti, Elvira Isganaitis
Prenatal undernutrition and low birth weight are associated with risk of type 2 diabetes and obesity. Prenatal caloric restriction results in low birth weight, glucose intolerance, obesity, and reduced plasma bile acids (BA) in offspring mice. Since BAs can regulate systemic metabolism and glucose homeostasis, we hypothesized that BA supplementation could prevent diet-induced obesity and glucose intolerance in this model of developmental programming. Pregnant dams were food restricted by 50% from gestational days 12...
June 15, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633653/household-cereal-crop-harvest-and-children-s-nutritional-status-in-rural-burkina-faso
#20
Kristine Belesova, Antonio Gasparrini, Ali Sié, Rainer Sauerborn, Paul Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: Reduction of child undernutrition is one of the Sustainable Development Goals for 2030. Achievement of this goal may be made more difficult in some settings by climate change through adverse impact on agricultural productivity. However, there is only limited quantitative evidence on the link between household crop harvests and child nutrition. We examined this link in a largely subsistence farming population in rural Burkina Faso. METHODS: Data on the middle-upper arm circumference (MUAC) of 975 children ≤5 years of age, household crop yields, and other parameters were obtained from the Nouna Health and Demographic Surveillance System...
June 20, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
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