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Chronic malnutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349902/association-between-pre-sarcopenia-sarcopenia-and-bone-mineral-density-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c
#1
Tatiana Bering, Kiara G D Diniz, Marta Paula P Coelho, Diego A Vieira, Maria Marta S Soares, Adriana M Kakehasi, Maria Isabel T D Correia, Rosângela Teixeira, Dulciene M M Queiroz, Gifone A Rocha, Luciana D Silva
BACKGROUND: Preserved skeletal muscle is essential for the maintenance of healthy bone. Loss of bone mineral density (BMD) and muscle strength, considered a predictor of BMD, have been demonstrated in patients with cirrhosis, but they are poorly studied in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) without cirrhosis. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence of low BMD and its association with body composition, muscle strength, and nutritional status in CHC. METHODS: One hundred and four subjects [mean age, 50...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344881/the-impact-of-exercise-on-physical-function-cardiovascular-outcomes-and-quality-of-life-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Baris Afsar, Dimitrie Siriopol, Gamze Aslan, Ozgur C Eren, Tuncay Dagel, Ugur Kilic, Asiye Kanbay, Alexandru Burlacu, Adrian Covic, Mehmet Kanbay
The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is increasing steadily. CKD does not only relate to morbidity and mortality but also has impact on quality of life, depression and malnutrition. Such patients often have significantly decreased physical activity. Recent evidence suggests that low physical activity is associated with morbidity, mortality, muscle atrophy, quality of life impairment, cardiovascular outcomes and depression. Based on this, it is now recommended to regularly improve the physical activity of these patients...
January 17, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342997/-x-linked-inhibitor-of-apoptosis-deficiency-manifested-as-crohn-s-disease-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
L J Xu, Y Y Luo, J D Yu, J G Lou, Y H Fang, J Chen
Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics of X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) deficient patients with clinical manifestation of Crohn's disease. Methods: Clinical manifestations, laboratory investigations, genetic testing and therapeutic interventions of one case of XIAP deficiency who was admitted to Department of Gastroenterology in Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine in May 2016 were summarized. PubMed and Chinese database for articles published from January 2016 to June 2017 were searched using the key words of'Crohn's disease'and'XIAP', and the relevant literature was reviewed...
January 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342203/biological-pathways-underlying-the-association-of-red-cell-distribution-width-and-adverse-clinical-outcome-results-of-a-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Giedre Zurauskaite, Marc Meier, Alaadin Voegeli, Daniel Koch, Sebastian Haubitz, Alexander Kutz, Luca Bernasconi, Andreas Huber, Mario Bargetzi, Beat Mueller, Philipp Schuetz
BACKGROUND: Red cell distribution width (RDW) predicts disease outcome in several patient populations, but its prognostic value in addition to other disease parameters in unselected medical inpatients remains unclear. Our aim was to investigate the association of admission RDW levels and mortality adjusted for several disease pathways in unselected medical patients from a previous multicenter study. METHODS: We included consecutive adult, medical patients at the time point of hospital admission through the emergency department into this observational, cohort study...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339262/the-long-term-physical-and-psychological-health-impacts-of-flooding-a-systematic-mapping
#5
REVIEW
Shuang Zhong, Lianping Yang, Sam Toloo, Zhe Wang, Shilu Tong, Xiaojie Sun, David Crompton, Gerard FitzGerald, Cunrui Huang
BACKGROUND: Flooding has caused significant and wide ranging long-term health impacts for affected populations. However, until now, the long-term health outcomes, epidemiological trends and specific impact factors of flooding had not been identified. In this study, the relevant literature was systematically mapped to create the first synthesis of the evidence of the long-term health impacts of flooding. METHODS: The systematic mapping method was used to collect and categorize all the relevant literature...
January 13, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330993/chemical-composition-of-stones-in-paediatric-urolithiasis
#6
Kiran Imran, Mirza Naqi Zafar, Naureen Fatima, Uzma Ozair, Sajid Sultan, Syed Adibul Hasan Rizvi
BACKGROUND: Chemical composition of stones is one of the important diagnostic criteria for aetiology of stone formation and treatment to prevent recurrence. This paper reports composition of stones in children at a tertiary hospital by Fourier Transformation Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). METHODS: Between January-June 2015, 412 urinary stones from children were analysed by FTIR. Chi-square tests were used for the comparison of categorical measurements between groups...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326860/retroperitoneal-mass-masquerading-as-failure-to-thrive-in-a-91-year-old-woman
#7
Gabriel O Ologun, Noel Yarze, David Bertsch, Joseph Mwesige
Failure to thrive (FTT) is a state of overall decline. Patients often present with weight loss, poor appetite, malnutrition, and decreased physical functioning. The etiology is multifactorial including chronic diseases, functional impairments, and acute illnesses. Evaluation for reversible causes is paramount, and treatment is aimed at maintaining or improving functional status. We present a case of a 91-year-old woman with a retroperitoneal mass that was found on workup for failure to thrive.
November 8, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324682/malnutrition-inflammation-atherosclerosis-syndrome-mia-and-diet-recommendations-among-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-treated-with-maintenance-hemodialysis
#8
Małgorzata Maraj, Beata Kuśnierz-Cabala, Paulina Dumnicka, Agnieszka Gala-Błądzińska, Katarzyna Gawlik, Dorota Pawlica-Gosiewska, Anna Ząbek-Adamska, Małgorzata Mazur-Laskowska, Piotr Ceranowicz, Marek Kuźniewski
Malnutrition-inflammation-atherosclerosis syndrome is one of the causes of increased mortality in chronic kidney disease (CKD). The aim of the study was to assess the inflammation and nutritional status of patients in end-stage kidney disease treated with maintenance hemodialysis. The study included a group of 98 hemodialyzed patients with stage 5 CKD (38 women and 60 men). Albumin, prealbumin (PRE), and C-reactive protein (CRP) were measured in serum samples collected before mid-week dialysis. Fruit and vegetables frequency intakes were assessed with a questionnaire...
January 11, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314251/clinical-and-hematological-data-to-group-different-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-a-practical-approach-to-establish-different-groups-of-patients
#9
Vinícius B Péterle, Jéssica de O Souza, Fernanda de O Busato, Frederico J Eutrópio, Gisele de A P da Costa, David N Olivieri, Carlos E Tadokoro
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is the convergent point of several pathological processes, and its evolution is insidious and characterized by a progressive and irreversible loss of kidney function. This impaired function induces the accumulation of uremic toxins and individuals with terminal CKD often have altered physiological responses, including a persistent state of immuno-suppression and development of diseases. A better characterization and stratification of these patients with CKD in different immuno-compromised groups would contribute to more effective and personalized treatments...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309200/risk-factors-for-infection-after-shoulder-arthroscopy-in-a-large-medicare-population
#10
Jourdan M Cancienne, Stephen F Brockmeier, Eric W Carson, Brian C Werner
BACKGROUND: Shoulder arthroscopy is well established as a highly effective and safe procedure for the treatment for several shoulder disorders and is associated with an exceedingly low risk of infectious complications. Few data exist regarding risk factors for infection after shoulder arthroscopy, as previous studies were not adequately powered to evaluate for infection. PURPOSE: To determine patient-related risk factors for infection after shoulder arthroscopy by using a large insurance database...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301183/north-korean-children-nutrition-and-growth
#11
REVIEW
Soo-Kyung Lee
North Korea suffered from severe famine in the mid-1990s; this impacted many areas, including people's transnational movement, child growth, and mortality. This review carefully examined nutritional status trends of children in North Korea using published reports from national nutrition assessment surveys. Nutritional adaptation of North Korean child refugees living in South Korea was also studied with their growth and food consumption, using published researches. The nutritional status of children in North Korea has recovered to a "low" level acute malnutrition status and a "medium" level chronic malnutrition status...
December 2017: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298106/the-complications-of-treating-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-low-income-countries-of-sub-saharan-africa
#12
Frederik A van Gemert, Bruce J Kirenga, Tewodros Haile Gebremariam, George Nyale, Corina de Jong, Thys van der Molen
In most low and middle-income countries, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is on the rise. Areas covered: Unfortunately, COPD is a neglected disease in these countries. Taking sub-Saharan Africa as an example, in rural areas, COPD is even unknown regarding public awareness and public health planning. Programs for the management of COPD are poorly developed, and the quality of care is often of a low standard. Inhaled medication is often not available or not affordable. Tobacco smoking is the most common encountered risk factor for COPD...
January 3, 2018: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289386/mortality-risk-factors-in-elderly-patients-in-intensive-care-without-limitation-of-therapeutic-effort
#13
S E Giannasi, M S Venuti, A D Midley, N Roux, C Kecskes, E San Román
OUTCOME: To determine mortality prognostic factors in elderly patients who are admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) due to acute critical illness. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study was carried out. SETTING: A polyvalent Intensive Care Unit at a University Hospital in Argentina. PATIENTS OR PARTICIPANTS: We included 249 patients over 65years of age who were consecutively admitted to the ICU and required mechanical ventilation for more than 48hours, between January 2011 and December 2012...
December 27, 2017: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282687/metabolic-changes-during-cancer-cachexia-pathogenesis
#14
Ng Shyh-Chang
Wasting of adipose tissue and skeletal muscle is a hallmark of metastatic cancer and a major cause of death. Like patients with cachexia caused by other chronic infections or inflammatory diseases, the cancer subject manifests both malnutrition and metabolic stress. Both carbohydrate utilization and amino acid incorporation are decreased in the muscles of cancer cachexia patients. Cancer cells affect host metabolism in two ways: (a) their own metabolism of nutrients into other metabolites and (b) circulating factors they secrete or induce the host to secrete...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280655/-impact-of-malnutrition-on-long-term-mortality-in-outpatients-with-chronic-heart-failure
#15
Juan Luis Bonilla Palomas, Antonio Luis Gámez López, Mirian Moreno Conde, María Cristina López Ibáñez, Patricia Castellano García, Carlos Javier Ráez Ruiz, Rocío Ruíz Quirós, Esmeralda Ramiro Ortega
BACKGROUND: Undernutrition is common among acute heart failure patients and its prognosis impact has been established. The prognosis role of undernutrition among chronic heart failure patients is not known. Objetive:The aim of this study were to evaluate the influence of nutritional status on long-term mortality in patients with chronic hear failure. METHODS: 304 consecutively patients attended in our Heart failure Unit from November 2011 to November 2016 were prospectively analysed...
November 14, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277507/osmotic-demyelination-unrelated-to-hyponatremia
#16
Maulin K Shah, Sreedhar Mandayam, Horacio J Adrogué
Osmotic demyelination unrelated to hyponatremia is rarely reported. We present a case of osmotic demyelination in a patient with hypernatremia in the absence of preceding hyponatremia and review previously reported cases of osmotic demyelination in nonhyponatremic patients. We conclude that a rapid increase in serum sodium concentration and plasma tonicity even in the absence of preceding hyponatremia may surpass the brain's capacity for adaptation to hypertonicity and lead to osmotic demyelination in predisposed individuals...
December 22, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277090/-vomiting
#17
REVIEW
Ga Hee Kim, Kee Wook Jung
Many disorders can cause either acute or chronic vomiting. However, in most cases, vomiting is self-limited. A correct diagnosis is possible by conducting careful histories and physical examinations. In cases of severe vomiting, further testing, including laboratory studies, radiological images, endoscopic evaluation, and gastrointestinal motility tests, can also be considered. The correction of clinical consequences of vomiting should be initiated, including dehydration, electrolyte imbalances, malnutrition, and suppression of symptoms via the use empirical antiemetic treatments...
December 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248457/malnutrition-in-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma-pda-dietary-pancreatic-enzymes-improve-short-term-health-but-stimulate-tumor-growth
#18
Yalda Zolghadri, Shreoshi Pal Choudhuri, Ozhan Ocal, Somayeh Layeghi- Ghalehsoukhteh, Feaven Berhe, Michael A Hale, Thomas M Wilkie
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) is a deadly cancer that resists efforts to identify better chemotherapeutics. PDA is associated with chronic pancreatitis and acinar cell dedifferentiation. This reduces enzyme production by the exocrine pancreas, resulting in digestive insufficiencies. Malabsorption of partially digested food can cause bloating, overfilled intestines, abdominal pain, excessive feces, steatorrhea, and malnutrition. These maladies affect quality of life and restrict treatment options for pancreatitis and PDA...
December 14, 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243190/faltering-growth-in-the-critically-ill-child-prevalence-risk-factors-and-impaired-outcome
#19
Frédéric V Valla, Julien Berthiller, Bénédicte Gaillard-Le-Roux, Carole Ford-Chessel, Tiphanie Ginhoux, Shancy Rooze, Fleur Cour-Andlauer, Rosan Meyer, Etienne Javouhey
Low body mass index (BMI) z score is commonly used to define undernutrition, but faltering growth allows for a complementary dynamic assessment of nutritional status. We studied the prevalence of undernutrition and faltering growth at admission in the pediatric intensive care (PICU) setting and their impacts on outcome. All (685) consecutive children (aged 0 to 18 years old) admitted in a single-center PICU over a 1-year period were prospectively enrolled. Nutritional status assessment was based on anthropometric measurements performed at admission and collected from medical files...
December 14, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227466/morbidity-and-mortality-of-a-cohort-of-peruvian-hiv-infected-children-2003-2012
#20
Amira N Baker, Angela M Bayer, Rolando M Viani, Lenka Kolevic, Myung-Shin Sim, Jaime G Deville
BACKGROUND: Data on pediatric HIV in Peru is limited. The National Institute of Child Health (Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño: INSN) cares for the most HIV-infected children under age 18 in the country. We describe the outcomes of children seen at INSN's HIV clinic over the 10 years when antiretroviral therapy (ART) and prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) interventions became available in 2004. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of INSN HIV clinic patients between 2003-2012...
December 8, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
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