keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Chronic malnutrition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779116/a-holistic-approach-to-factors-affecting-depression-in-haemodialysis-patients
#1
REVIEW
Georgia Gerogianni, Anastasios Kouzoupis, Eirini Grapsa
Depression in dialysis populations is affected by co-morbid diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and immune dysfunction, and it also includes high suicide risk and frequent hospitalizations. Depressive disorders have a close association with malnutrition and chronic inflammation, as well as with cognitive impairment. Impaired cognitive function may be manifested as low adherence to dialysis treatment, leading to malnutrition. Additionally, chronic pain and low quality of sleep lead to high rates of depressive symptoms in haemodialysis patients, while an untreated depression can cause sleep disturbances and increased mortality risk...
May 19, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775238/comparison-of-creatinine-index-and-geriatric-nutritional-risk-index-for-nutritional-evaluation-of-patients-with-hemodialysis
#2
Wonsun Hwang, Mi Sook Cho, Ji Eun Oh, Ji Hyun Lee, Jong Cheol Jeong, Gyu-Tae Shin, Heungsoo Kim, Inwhee Park
INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition is prevalent in hemodialysis (HD) patients, and the risk of mortality is strongly correlated with malnutrition. Current methods of nutritional evaluation are mostly subjective, time-consuming, and cumbersome. Creatinine index (CI) and geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) are very simple and objective methods to assess the nutritional status of HD patients. The present study compares the performance of CI and GNRI as nutritional risk assessment tools. METHODS: Eighty-eight patients with end-stage renal disease on HD were recruited from a single tertiary center...
May 18, 2018: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756960/socio-demographic-variables-and-underlying-pathologies-associated-to-nutritional-status-of-hospitalized-children-in-a-secondary-tertiary-level-hospital
#3
Nelly Carolina Muñoz Esparza, Edgar Manuel Vasquez-Garibay, Alfredo Larrosa-Haro, Enrique Romero-Velarde
OBJECTIVE: the purpose was to evaluate the nutritional status in hospitalized children according to their socio-demographic variables, underlying pathology and based on hospital length of stay. METHODS: seven-hundred and sixty-three hospitalized patients of the Civil Hospital of Guadalajara Dr. Juan I. Menchaca were included in a cross-sectional study. The following anthropometric indices were taken: weight/length, weight/height, weight/age, length/age, height/age, head circumference/age and BMI/age...
February 27, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753403/clinical-studies-of-interventions-to-mitigate-cardiovascular-risk-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#4
REVIEW
Dev Jegatheesan, Yeoungjee Cho, David W Johnson
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is highly prevalent in the peritoneal dialysis (PD) population, affecting up to 60% of cohorts. CVD is the primary cause of death in up to 40% of PD patients in Australia, New Zealand, and the United States. Cardiovascular mortality rates are reported to be approximately 14 per 100 patient-years, which are 10- to 20-fold greater than those of age- and sex-matched controls. The excess risk of CVD is related to a combination of traditional risk factors (such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, obesity, smoking, sedentary lifestyle, and insulin resistance), nontraditional (kidney disease-related) risk factors (such as anemia, chronic volume overload, inflammation, malnutrition, hyperuricemia, and mineral and bone disorder), and PD-specific risk factors (such as dialysis solutions, glycation end products, hypokalemia, residual kidney function, and ultrafiltration failure)...
May 2018: Seminars in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753400/updates-on-the-mechanisms-and-the-care-of-cardiovascular-calcification-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#5
REVIEW
Lucie Hénaut, Jean-Marc Chillon, Saïd Kamel, Ziad A Massy
In chronic kidney disease (CKD), the progressive decrease in renal function leads to disturbances of mineral metabolism that generally cause secondary hyperparathyroidism. The increase in serum parathyroid hormone is associated with reduced serum calcium and calcitriol levels and/or increased serum fibroblast growth factor-23 and phosphate levels. The resulting CKD-associated disorder of mineral and bone metabolism is associated with various other metabolic dysregulations such as acidosis, malnutrition, inflammation, and accumulation of uremic toxins...
May 2018: Seminars in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750055/noncommunicable-disease-and-multimorbidity-in-young-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#6
Daniel G Whitney, Edward A Hurvitz, Jennifer M Ryan, Maureen J Devlin, Michelle S Caird, Zachary P French, Elie C Ellenberg, Mark D Peterson
Purpose: Individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) are at increased risk for frailty and chronic disease due to factors experienced throughout the lifespan, such as excessive sedentary behaviors and malnutrition. However, little is known about noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) and multimorbidity profiles in young adults with CP. The study objective was to compare NCD and multimorbidity profiles between young adults with and without CP. Methods: A clinic-based sample of adults (18-30 years) with (n=452) and without (n=448) CP was examined at the University of Michigan Medical Center...
2018: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749331/colonoscopic-decompression-of-childhood-sigmoid-and-cecal-volvulus
#7
Iraj Shahramian, Ali Bazil, Danial Ebadati, Karim Rostami, Mojtaba Delaramnasab
Cases of colonic volvulus in children are infrequently described in the literature. Here we describe the case of three patients with colonic volvulus. The first patient was a 10-year-old girl with abdominal dilation and pain and no bowel movement for 48 h. Her abdominal X-ray showed the coffee bean sign adjacent to the diaphragm, which was compatible with a diagnosis of cecal volvulus. The second patient was a 4-year-old boy with a history of chronic constipation during the past year and with no bowel movement for 24 h...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737823/rehabilitation-nutrition-in-pressure-ulcer-management-with-type-2-diabetes-a-case-report
#8
Yoko Saino, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Keisuke Maeda, Shinta Nishioka, Takako Hao, Kenji Mimatsu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Severe infection, inadequate food intake, and pressure ulcers in patients with type 2 diabetes can result in malnutrition. We describe a case in which rehabilitation nutrition was effective for treat-ing a pressure ulcer in a malnourished patient with type 2 diabetes. METHODS AND RESULTS: A 58-year-old man with type 2 diabetes was diagnosed with hidradenitis suppurativa on the left buttock and thigh and a severe pres-sure ulcer on his left kneecap...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737798/malnutrition-and-chronic-inflammation-as-risk-factors-for-sarcopenia-in-elderly-patients-with-hip-fracture
#9
Jun-Il Yoo, Yong-Chan Ha, Hana Choi, Kyu-Hwang Kim, Young-Kyun Lee, Kyung-Hoi Koo, Ki-Soo Park
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate malnutrition and chronic inflammation as risk factors for sarcopenia in elderly patients with hip fractures, as defined by the criteria of the Asian Working Group on Sarcopenia (AWGS). METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A total of 327 elderly patients with hip fractures were enrolled in this retrospective observational study. The main outcome measure was the nutritional status and nutritional risk factors for sarcopenia in elderly patients...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730878/silver-absorption-and-toxicity-evaluation-of-silver-wound-dressings-in-40-patients-with-chronic-wounds
#10
C Brouillard, A-C Bursztejn, C Latarche, J-F Cuny, F Truchetet, J-P Goullé, J-L Schmutz
BACKGROUND: Silver-containing dressings are considered to be safe even though there have been some reports of complications, including argyria and various organ system dysfunctions. Despite the widespread use of silver dressings, little research has been done regarding the absorption and toxicity of silver. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to study the systemic absorption of silver in patients with chronic inflammatory wounds and to determine associated factors of systemic silver absorption and evaluated its association with silver toxicity...
May 6, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725365/effects-of-recombinant-human-growth-hormone-on-protein-malnutrition-and-igf-1-and-il-2-gene-expression-levels-in-chronic-nephrotic-syndrome
#11
Guang Dai, Donghai Wang, Hua Dong
The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of recombinant human growth hormone on protein malnutrition and insulin-like growth factor-1 ( IGF-1 ) and interleukin-2 ( IL-2 ) gene expressions in chronic nephrotic syndrome. Eighty patients with chronic nephrotic syndrome were admitted to our hospital. The patients were included in the study period from January 2015 to December 2016 and were divided into two groups (40 cases in each group) according to the random number method. All the patients enrolled received symptomatic and supportive treatment...
May 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717757/the-role-of-nutritional-status-in-elderly-patients-with-heart-failure
#12
M Wleklik, I Uchmanowicz, B Jankowska-Polańska, C Andreae, B Regulska-Ilow
Evidence indicates that malnutrition very frequently co-occurs with chronic heart failure (HF) and leads to a range of negative consequences. Studies show associations between malnutrition and wound healing disorders, an increased rate of postoperative complications, and mortality. In addition, considering the increasing age of patients with HF, a specific approach to their treatment is required. Guidelines proposed by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) for treating acute and chronic HF refer to the need to monitor and prevent malnutrition in HF patients...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714458/increased-concentrations-of-serum-nesfatin-1-levels-in-childhood-with-idiopathic-chronic-malnutrition
#13
Sezer Acar, Gönül Çatlı, Tuncay Küme, Hale Tuhan, Özlem Gürsoy Çalan, Korcan Demir, Ece Böber, Ayhan Abacı
Background/aim: Nesfatin-1, an anorexigenic molecule, seems to play a role in appetite regulation and energy homeostasis. The goal of this study was to evaluate the relation of nesfatin-1 with anthropometric and metabolic (ghrelin, leptin) parameters in children with idiopathic chronic malnutrition. Materials and methods: The study included 37 underweight and 38 healthy children who were similar regarding age, sex, and pubertal status. Anthropometric and biochemical (nesfatin-1, ghrelin, and leptin levels) variables were assessed...
April 30, 2018: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713813/gastrointestinal-complications-after-lung-transplantation-in-japanese-patients
#14
Hidenao Kayawake, Toyofumi F Chen-Yoshikawa, Hideki Motoyama, Masatsugu Hamaji, Daisuke Nakajima, Akihiro Aoyama, Hiroshi Date
PURPOSE: Gastrointestinal complications after lung transplantation (LTx) are an important postoperative morbidity associated with malnutrition and the malabsorption of drugs. We reviewed our experience of managing gastrointestinal complications after LTx. METHODS: Between June, 2008 and April, 2017, 160 lung transplants were performed at our institution, as living-donor lobar lung transplants in 77 patients, and as deceased-donor lung transplants in 83. We reviewed, retrospectively, the incidence, type and management of gastrointestinal complications...
April 30, 2018: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713611/chylomicron-retention-disease-a-description-of-a-new-mutation-in-a-very-rare-disease
#15
Helena Ferreira, Raquel Nuñez Ramos, Cinthia Flores Quan, Susana Redecillas Ferreiro, Vanessa Cabello Ruiz, Javi Juampérez Goñi, Jesus Quintero Bernabeu, Oscar Segarra Cantón, Marina Álvarez Beltran
Chylomicron retention disease, also known as Anderson's disease, is a rare hereditary hypocholesterolemic disorder, recessive inherited, characterized by nonspecific symptoms as abdominal distension, steatorrhea, and vomiting associated with failure to thrive. We describe a patient with failure to thrive, chronic diarrhea and steatorrhea who the diagnosis of chylomicron retention disease was established after several months of disease progression. The genetic study confirmed a homozygosity mutation in SAR1B gene, identifying a mutation never previous described [c...
April 2018: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702558/a-low-protein-diet-for-diabetic-kidney-disease-its-effect-and-molecular-mechanism-an-approach-from-animal-studies
#16
REVIEW
Munehiro Kitada, Yoshio Ogura, Itaru Monno, Daisuke Koya
A low-protein diet (LPD) can be expected to retard renal function decline in advanced stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD), including diabetic kidney disease (DKD), and is recommended in a clinical setting. Regarding the molecular mechanisms of an LPD against DKD, previous animal studies have shown that an LPD exerts reno-protection through mainly the improvement of glomerular hyperfiltration/hypertension due to the reduction of intraglomerular pressure. On the other hand, we have demonstrated that an LPD, particularly a very-LPD (VLPD), improved tubulo-interstitial damage, inflammation and fibrosis, through the restoration of autophagy via the reduction of a mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) activity in type 2 diabetes and obesity animal models...
April 27, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702535/renal-replacement-therapy-in-eritrea
#17
Fikrejesus Amahazion
Historically, communicable diseases in addition to maternal, perinatal, and malnutrition have accounted for the greatest burden of morbidity and mortality in many developing countries. This spectrum however has recently begun to shift toward chronic noncommunicable diseases, including diabetes and hypertension. Although great strides have been made in the diagnosis and care of chronic kidney disease in the industrialized world, the availability of renal replacement therapy and kidney transplantation is unequivocally lower in Africa than in any other region of the world...
May 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686466/nutrition-status-and-helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-patients-receiving-hemodialysis
#18
REVIEW
Mitsushige Sugimoto, Hideo Yasuda, Akira Andoh
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients receiving hemodialysis (HD) often develop gastrointestinal abnormalities over their long treatment period. In general, prognosis in such patients is poor due to the development of protein-energy wasting (PEW). Therefore, it is important to clarify the etiology of PEW and to establish better strategies to deal with this condition. Chronic Helicobacter pylori ( H. pylori ) infection in the gastric mucosa has a close association with not only the development of peptic ulcer disease and gastric cancer, but is also associated with abnormal plasma and gastric mucosal ghrelin levels that are seen in malnutrition...
April 21, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684966/-nutritional-assessment-and-management-for-patients-with-chronic-liver-disease
#19
REVIEW
Tae Hee Lee
When liver disease is severe, the prognosis can be worse if the patient is malnourished. Adequate nutritional support for patients with liver diseases can improve the patient's condition and prognosis. In the case of liver cirrhosis, malnutrition can occur due to a variety of causes, including poor oral intake, maldigestion, malabsorption, associated renal disease, and metabolic abnormalities. For a nutritional assessment, it is important to check the dietary intake, change in body composition, including anthropometry, and a functional assessment of muscle...
April 25, 2018: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680239/protein-and-peptides-for-elderly-health
#20
Nan Shang, Chalamaiah Meram, Nandika Bandara, Jianping Wu
The world is aging rapidly; thus, the management of elderly health at an advanced age poses a new research challenge. The elderly is vulnerable to not only malnutrition but also hypofunction of all organs and a variety of chronic diseases such as sarcopenia, osteoporosis, gastrointestinal dysfunction, and mental problems. As the major macronutrient, food protein plays an important role in elderly health and well-being. In this chapter, the function of protein and peptide in elderly health as well as their effects on preventing aging-related disease is reviewed...
2018: Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology
keyword
keyword
13024
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"