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"Mass calibration"

Dalton T Snyder, R Graham Cooks
Reported herein is a simple method of performing single analyzer precursor ion scans in a linear quadrupole ion trap using orthogonal double resonance excitation. A first supplementary AC signal applied to the y electrodes is scanned through ion secular frequencies in order to mass-selectively excite precursor ions while, simultaneously, a second fixed-frequency AC signal is applied orthogonally on the x electrodes in order to eject product ions of selected mass-to-charge ratios towards the detector. The two AC signals are applied orthogonally so as to preclude the possibility of (1) inadvertently ejecting precursor ions into the detector, which results in artifact peaks, and (2) prevent beat frequencies on the x electrodes from ejecting ions off-resonance...
June 2, 2017: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Robert B Cody, A John Dane
RATIONALE: Mass spectra were acquired with the Direct Analysis in Real Time (DART®) ion source for an amine-terminated polyether used as positive-ion mass reference standards and for several fluorinated materials commonly used as negative-ion reference standards for mass spectrometry. METHODS: A commercial time-of-flight mass spectrometer equipped with a DART ion source was used for all measurements. Mass reference standards deposited onto the sealed end of a glass melting point tube were suspended in the DART gas stream for analysis...
May 30, 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
Dalton T Snyder, Christopher J Pulliam, R Graham Cooks
RATIONALE: Mass spectra can be recorded using ion traps by scanning the frequency of an alternating current (ac) signal that corresponds to the secular frequency of a trapped ion. There is a considerable simplification in the instrumentation needed to perform such a scan compared with conventional scans of the radiofrequency (rf) amplitude. However, mass calibration is difficult. An algorithm that can be used to achieve mass calibration is investigated and the factors that affect ion mass assignments are discussed...
May 30, 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
Chris Bielow, Guido Mastrobuoni, Marica Orioli, Stefan Kempa
Mass-spectrometry-based lipidomics aims to identify as many lipid species as possible from complex biological samples. Due to the large combinatorial search space, unambiguous identification of lipid species is far from trivial. Mass ambiguities are common in direct-injection shotgun experiments, where an orthogonal separation (e.g., liquid chromatography) is missing. Using the rich information within available lipid databases, we generated a comprehensive rule set describing mass ambiguities, while taking into consideration the resolving power (and its decay) of different mass analyzers...
February 21, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Max W Robinson, Alan P Hill, Simon A Readshaw, John C Hollerton, Richard J Upton, Sean M Lynn, Steve C Besley, Bob J Boughtflower
Universal quantitative detection without the need for analyte reference standards would offer substantial benefits in many areas of analytical science. The quantitative capability of high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with charged aerosol detection (CAD) was investigated for 50 compounds with a wide range of physical and chemical properties. It is widely believed that CAD is a mass detector. Quantification of the 50 compounds using a generic calibrant and mass calibration achieved an average error of 11...
February 7, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Mathias Butenschoen, Bahman Dehnadi, André H Hoang, Vicent Mateu, Moritz Preisser, Iain W Stewart
The most precise top quark mass measurements use kinematic reconstruction methods, determining the top mass parameter of a Monte Carlo event generator m_{t}^{MC}. Because of hadronization and parton-shower dynamics, relating m_{t}^{MC} to a field theory mass is difficult. We present a calibration procedure to determine this relation using hadron level QCD predictions for observables with kinematic mass sensitivity. Fitting e^{+}e^{-} 2-jettiness calculations at next-to-leading-logarithmic and next-to-next-to-leading-logarithmic order to pythia 8...
December 2, 2016: Physical Review Letters
Dominik Lungerich, Jakob F Hitzenberger, Wolfgang Donaubauer, Thomas Drewello, Norbert Jux
A feasible two-step synthesis and characterization of a full series of hexaarylbenzene (HAB) substituted porphyrins and tetrabenzoporphyrins is presented. Key steps represent the microwave-assisted porphyrin condensation and the statistical Diels-Alder reaction to the desired HAB-porphyrins. Regarding their applications, they proved to be easily accessible and effective high molecular mass calibrants for (MA)LDI mass spectrometry. The free-base and zinc(II) porphyrin systems, as well as the respective tetrabenzoporphyrins, demonstrate in solid state experiments strong red- and near-infrared-light emission and are potentially interesting for the application in "truly organic" light-emitting devices...
November 14, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Dalton T Snyder, Christopher J Pulliam, R Graham Cooks
RATIONALE: Secular frequency scanning is a method of mass selectively scanning ions out of a quadrupole ion trap by linearly ramping the frequency of the resonance ejection signal through ion secular frequencies at constant rf amplitude and frequency. The method is electronically much simpler than resonance ejection but it requires a complex nonlinear calibration procedure to correlate mass-to-charge with time. METHODS: A method of secular frequency scanning in quadrupole ion traps is described in which mass-to-charge is linear with time...
November 30, 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
Jiaojie Tan, Jingyu Liu, Mingdong Li, Hind El Hadri, Vincent A Hackley, Michael R Zachariah
The novel hyphenation of electrospray-differential mobility analysis with single particle inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ES-DMA-spICPMS) was demonstrated with the capacity for real-time size, mass, and concentration measurement of nanoparticles (NPs) on a particle-to-particle basis. In this proof-of-concept study, the feasibility of this technique was validated through both concentration and mass calibration using NIST gold NP reference materials. A detection limit of 10(5) NPs mL(-1) was determined under current experimental conditions, which is about 4 orders of magnitude lower in comparison to that of a traditional ES-DMA setup using a condensation particle counter as detector...
September 6, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Ryan Matsuda, Venkata Kolli, Megan Woods, Eric D Dodds, David S Hage
Sample pretreatment was optimized to obtain high sequence coverage for human serum albumin (HSA, 66.5 kDa) when using nano-electrospray ionization quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (nESI-Q-TOF-MS). Use of the final method with trypsin, Lys-C, and Glu-C digests gave a combined coverage of 98.8%. The addition of peptide fractionation resulted in 99.7% coverage. These results were comparable to those obtained previously with matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS)...
September 15, 2016: Analytical Biochemistry
Jürgen H Gross
A procedure is described that results in a substantial increase in signal intensity and in improved accuracy of positive-ion mass calibration when using commercially available kits of monodisperse dendrimers (SpheriCal(®)) in matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) mass spectrometry (MS). The peak intensities are amplified by an admixture of 2-[(2E)-3-(4-tert-butylphenyl)-2-methylprop-2-enylidene] malononitrile (DCTB) matrix to the kits comprising of 9-nitroanthracene matrix, sodium trifluoroacetate, and four dendrimers...
August 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Manuel Kasper, Lukas Traxler, Jasmina Salopek, Herwig Grabmayr, Andreas Ebner, Ferry Kienberger
We developed an impedance quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) approach with the ability to simultaneously record mass changes and calibrated energy dissipation with high sensitivity using an impedance analyzer. This impedance QCM measures frequency shifts and resistance changes of sensing quartz crystals very stable, accurately, and calibrated, thus yielding quantitative information on mass changes and dissipation. Resistance changes below 0.3 Ω were measured with corresponding dissipation values of 0.01 µU (micro dissipation units)...
May 25, 2016: Biosensors
Fan Yu, Houqin Fang, Kaijie Xiao, Yan Liu, Bingbing Xue, Zhixin Tian
RATIONALE: The mass measurement accuracy (MMA) of Orbitrap mass spectrometers is 1-5 ppm according to the manufacturer's specification; yet, up to 50 ppm has been used as mass tolerance to interpret Orbitrap data in the literature. A systematic evaluation of MMA is thus necessary to find the optimal mass tolerance to be used. METHODS: Reversed-phase liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (RPLC/MS/MS) analyses of the intact E. coli proteome were carried out on a Q Exactive Orbitrap mass spectrometer coupled to a Dionex UltiMate 3000 RSLCnano system...
June 30, 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
Dalton T Snyder, Christopher J Pulliam, Joshua S Wiley, Jason Duncan, R Graham Cooks
Secular frequency scanning is implemented and characterized using both a benchtop linear ion trap and a miniature rectilinear ion trap mass spectrometer. Separation of tetraalkylammonium ions and those from a mass calibration mixture and from a pesticide mixture is demonstrated with peak widths approaching unit resolution for optimized conditions using the benchtop ion trap. The effects on the spectra of ion trap operating parameters, including waveform amplitude, scan direction, scan rate, and pressure are explored, and peaks at black holes corresponding to nonlinear (higher-order field) resonance points are investigated...
July 2016: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Michael Krappmann, Arjen R de Boer, Daniël R W Kool, Hubertus Irth, Thomas Letzel
RATIONALE: Continuous-flow reaction detection systems (monitoring enzymatic reactions with mass spectrometry (MS)) lack quantitative values so far. Therefore, two independent internal standards (IS) are implemented in a way that the online system stability can be observed, quantitative conversion values for substrate and product can be obtained and they can be used as mass calibration standards for high MS accuracy. METHODS: An application previously developed for the MS detection of peptide phosphorylation by cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA) (De Boer et al...
April 30, 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
Till Gruendling, Volker Sauerland, César Barahona, Corinna Herz, Ute Nitsch
RATIONALE: Mass calibration in matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) is currently obtained using mixtures of individual peptides. This procedure has several drawbacks, including laborious preparation, limited shelf life and unequal calibration mass spacing. Polyalanine, a simple to prepare polydisperse molar mass standard, alleviates these problems. METHODS: Polyalanine is prepared by the typical protocols for biological sample analytics...
March 30, 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
Hyun Kyong Shon, Sohee Yoon, Jeong Hee Moon, Tae Geol Lee
The popularity of argon gas cluster ion beams (Ar-GCIB) as primary ion beams in time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) has increased because the molecular ions of large organic- and biomolecules can be detected with less damage to the sample surfaces. However, Ar-GCIB is limited by poor mass resolution as well as poor mass accuracy. The inferior quality of the mass resolution in a TOF-SIMS spectrum obtained by using Ar-GCIB compared to the one obtained by a bismuth liquid metal cluster ion beam and others makes it difficult to identify unknown peaks because of the mass interference from the neighboring peaks...
June 9, 2016: Biointerphases
María Del Mar Contreras, Isabel Borrás-Linares, María Herranz-López, Vicente Micol, Antonio Segura-Carretero
When using the Caco-2 intestinal model, the low uptake, intracellular presence at low levels as well as generation of trace metabolites may limit the analysis of flavonoids. To overcome these limitations, we performed a simple but sensitive methodology based on nano-LC-TOF-MS, using an on-line trapping step. The analytical method was validated for quercetin, quercetin 3-O-glucoside, and quercetin 3-O-glucuronide and the reliability for characterization using lock-mass calibration was also assessed along the linear range...
April 2016: Electrophoresis
Josep Rubert, Milena Zachariasova, Jana Hajslova
Food authenticity becomes a necessity for global food policies, since food placed in the market without fail has to be authentic. It has always been a challenge, since in the past minor components, called also markers, have been mainly monitored by chromatographic methods in order to authenticate the food. Nevertheless, nowadays, advanced analytical methods have allowed food fingerprints to be achieved. At the same time they have been also combined with chemometrics, which uses statistical methods in order to verify food and to provide maximum information by analysing chemical data...
2015: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
Xiaochun Wang, Yihao Wei, Lanxin Shi, Xinming Ma, Steven M Theg
Glutamine synthetase (GS; EC plays a crucial role in the assimilation and re-assimilation of ammonia derived from a wide variety of metabolic processes during plant growth and development. Here, three developmentally regulated isoforms of GS holoenzyme in the leaf of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) seedlings are described using native-PAGE with a transferase activity assay. The isoforms showed different mobilities in gels, with GSII>GSIII>GSI. The cytosolic GSI was composed of three subunits, GS1, GSr1, and GSr2, with the same molecular weight (39...
November 2015: Journal of Experimental Botany
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