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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629463/how-understanding-and-application-of-drug-related-legal-instruments-affects-harm-reduction-interventions-in-cambodia-a-qualitative-study
#1
Sovannary Tuot, Chanrith Ngin, Khuondyla Pal, Sochenda Sou, Ghazal Sawez, Phylicia Morgan, Mony Srey, Tola Chan, Pheak Chhoun, Olga Golichenko, Sok Chamreun Choub, Siyan Yi
BACKGROUND: Harm reduction interventions in Cambodia face numerous obstacles because of conflicting understanding and interests and inconsistencies in the implementation by law enforcement officials. This study aims to examine how understanding and application of Drug Control Law (DCL) and Village/Commune Safety Policy (VCSP) affects harm reduction interventions in Cambodia from the standpoints of law enforcement officials, people who inject drugs and people who use drugs (PWID/PWUD), as well as other key stakeholders...
June 19, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628437/nontuberculous-mycobacteria-infections-at-a-provincial-reference-hospital-cambodia
#2
Maryline Bonnet, Kim Chamroeun San, Yati Pho, Chandara Sok, Jean-Philippe Dousset, William Brant, Northan Hurtado, Khun Kim Eam, Elisa Ardizzoni, Seiha Heng, Sylvain Godreuil, Wing-Wai Yew, Cathy Hewison
Prevalence of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) disease is poorly documented in countries with high prevalence of tuberculosis (TB). We describe prevalence, risk factors, and TB program implications for NTM isolates and disease in Cambodia. A prospective cohort of 1,183 patients with presumptive TB underwent epidemiologic, clinical, radiologic, and microbiologic evaluation, including >12-months of follow-up for patients with NTM isolates. Prevalence of NTM isolates was 10.8% and of disease was 0.9%; 217 (18...
July 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618850/polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-cambodian-smoked-fish
#3
Tereza Slámová, Adéla Fraňková, Anna Hubáčková, Jan Banout
More than 85% of the population in Cambodia is strongly dependent on agriculture, from which freshwater aquaculture is one of most important sources of food production. The smoked fish represents important source of nutrients for Cambodian population however, can also lead to excessive intake of PAH. A field survey was conducted among selected smoked fish producers near to Tonle Sap river in Kampong Chhnang province, Cambodia. The study revealed that maximal limits (ML) for BaP and the sum of 4 PAHs given by EC 1881/2006, was exceeded 2 to 50 times...
June 15, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part B, Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615257/randomized-controlled-trial-assessing-the-efficacy-of-a-reusable-fish-shaped-iron-ingot-to-increase-hemoglobin-concentration-in-anemic-rural-cambodian-women
#4
Aviva I Rappaport, Kyly C Whitfield, Gwen E Chapman, Rickey Y Yada, Khin Meng Kheang, Jennie Louise, Alastair J Summerlee, Gavin R Armstrong, Timothy J Green
Background: Anemia affects 45% of women of childbearing age in Cambodia. Iron supplementation is recommended in populations in which anemia prevalence is high. However, there are issues of cost, distribution, and adherence. A potential alternative is a reusable fish-shaped iron ingot, which, when added to the cooking pot, leaches iron into the fluid in which it is prepared.Objective: We sought to determine whether there was a difference in hemoglobin concentrations in rural Cambodian anemic women (aged 18-49 y) who cooked with the iron ingot or consumed a daily iron supplement compared with a control after 1 y...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615155/experiences-from-developing-and-upgrading-a-web-based-surveillance-system-for-malaria-elimination-in-cambodia
#5
Clementine Fu, Sérgio Lopes, Steve Mellor, Siddhi Aryal, Siv Sovannaroth, Arantxa Roca-Feltrer
Strengthening the surveillance component is key toward achieving country-wide malaria elimination in Cambodia. A Web-based upgraded malaria information system (MIS) was deemed to essentially act as the central component for surveillance strengthening. New functionality (eg, data visualization) and operational (eg, data quality) attributes of the system received particular attention. However, building from the lessons learned in previous systems' developments, other aspects unique to Cambodia were considered to be equally important; for instance, feasibility issues, particularly at the field level (eg, user acceptability at various health levels), and sustainability needs (eg, long-term system flexibility)...
June 14, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610346/a-description-of-three-new-species-of-the-genus-alienia-fibiger-2011-from-southeast-asia-lepidoptera-erebidae-hypenodinae-micronoctuini
#6
Mu-Jie Qi, Hui-Lin Han
The genus Alienia Fibiger, 2011 of the tribe Micronoctuini of Hypenodinae is revised. Two new species: Alienia fibigeri sp.n. and Alienia cambodiaa sp.n. are described from Cambodia; a new species, Alienia laosa sp.n. from Laos described. A key for identification of Alienia based on male genitalia is present. The adult and genitalia of the new species are illustrated.
May 19, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610251/-i-dichomeris-i-h%C3%A3-bner-1818-lepidoptera-gelechiidae-dichomeridinae-%C3%A2-from-cambodia-including-associated-chinese-species
#7
Shengnan Zhao, Kyu-Tek Park, Yang-Seop Bae, Houhun Li
In a faunal study of the micromoths in Cambodia, thirteen species of the genus Dichomeris (Gelechiidae, Dichomeridinae) are recognized, including associated Chinese species. Eight species are described as new: D. arcuata sp. nov., D. splendiptera sp. nov., D. samkosensis sp. nov., D. foliforma sp. nov., D. magnimacularis sp. nov., D. hainanensis sp. nov., D. cambodiensis sp. nov., D. acutivalvata sp. nov. Five species are newly recorded for Cambodia: D. orientis Park & Hodges, D. fuscusitis Li & Zheng, D. obsepta (Meyrick), D...
June 2, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610082/review-of-the-genus-i-zeugomutilla-i-chen-1957-hymenoptera-mutillidae-%C3%A2-mutillini-with-description-of-two-new-species
#8
Arkady S Lelej, Kevin A Williams, Valery M Loktionov, Hong Pang, Zai-Fu Xu
Eight species of Zeugomutilla Chen, 1957 are reviewed. Zeugomutilla angkorensis Williams, sp. nov. (Cambodia, Thailand, Vietnam) and Z. pangi Lelej, sp. nov. (China: Hainan) are described and illustrated. A new combination is proposed for Z. spinulosa (André, 1898), comb. nov. (from Pristomutilla Ashmead, 1903). Zeugomutilla bainbriggei (Turner, 1911) and Z. horni (André, 1907) are newly recorded from India (Tamil Nadu), Z. pycnopyga Chen, 1957 is newly recorded from Thailand, and Z. saepes (Chen, 1957) from Cambodia and Thailand...
March 23, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609976/additional-three-new-species-of-i-anarsia-i-meyrick-lepidoptera-gelechiidae-from-cambodia-and-vietnam
#9
Kyu-Tek Park, Yang-Seop Bae
Three new species of the genus Anarsia Zeller (Lepidoptera, Gelechiidae) are described: A. huensis Park, sp. nov. from Vietnam, and A. pursatica Park, sp. nov. and A. degeneralis Park, sp. nov. from Cambodia. Images of adults and genitalia for the new species are illustrated. A check list of the known species from both countries is provided.
April 12, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609931/a-new-subfamily-of-feaellidae-arachnida-chelonethi-feaelloidea-from-southeast-asia
#10
Mark L I Judson
The first extant representatives of the pseudoscorpion family Feaellidae from Southeast Asia are described. Cybella n. gen. is proposed for Cybella deharvengi n. sp. (type species), collected from an isolated limestone hill in Hon Chong Province, Vietnam, and C. bedosae n. sp., found in a limestone cave in Kampuchea, Cambodia. Cybella species seem to be restricted to karst formations and are probably troglophilic. The type localities of the two known species are threatened by quarrying activities, these being particularly pressing in the case of C...
April 26, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606181/women-s-views-and-experiences-of-a-mobile-phone-based-intervention-to-support-post-abortion-contraception-in-cambodia
#11
Chris Smith, Sokhey Ly, Vannak Uk, Ruby Warnock, Caroline Free
BACKGROUND: The MObile Technology for Improved Family Planning (MOTIF) trial assessed a mobile phone-based intervention comprising voice messages and counsellor support to increase post-abortion contraception at four Marie Stopes International clinics in Cambodia. The aim of this process evaluation was to assess women's views and experiences of receiving the MOTIF intervention, gain insights into the mechanism of action of the intervention and seek recommendations for improvements. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study comprising15 semi-structured interviews with women who had received the intervention and undertook a simple thematic analysis...
June 12, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605562/microorganisms-associated-with-pneumonia-in-children-5-years-of-age-in-developing-and-emerging-countries-the-gabriel-pneumonia-multicenter-prospective-case-control-study
#12
Thomas Bénet, Valentina Sánchez Picot, Mélina Messaoudi, Monidarin Chou, Tekchheng Eap, Jianwei Wang, Kunling Shen, Jean-William Pape, Vanessa Rouzier, Shally Awasthi, Nitin Pandey, Ashish Bavdekar, Sonali Sanghavi, Annick Robinson, Mala Rakoto-Andrianarivelo, Maryam Sylla, Souleymane Diallo, Pagbajabyn Nymadawa, Nymadawaagiin Naranbat, Graciela Russomando, Wilma Basualdo, Florence Komurian-Pradel, Hubert Endtz, Philippe Vanhems, Gláucia Paranhos-Baccalà
Background.: Pneumonia, the leading infectious cause of child mortality globally, mainly afflicts developing countries. This prospective observational study aimed to assess the microorganisms associated with pneumonia in children aged <5 years in developing and emerging countries. Methods.: A multicenter, case-control study by the GABRIEL (Global Approach to Biological Research, Infectious diseases and Epidemics in Low-income countries) network was conducted between 2010 and 2014 in Cambodia, China, Haiti, India (2 sites), Madagascar, Mali, Mongolia, and Paraguay...
June 12, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599659/zika-vector-transmission-risk-in-temperate-australia-a-vector-competence-study
#13
Jean-Bernard Duchemin, Peter T Mee, Stacey E Lynch, Ravikiran Vedururu, Lee Trinidad, Prasad Paradkar
BACKGROUND: Zika virus is an emerging pathogen of global importance. It has been responsible for recent outbreaks in the Americas and in the Pacific region. This study assessed five different mosquito species from the temperate climatic zone in Australia and included Aedes albopictus as a potentially invasive species. METHODS: Mosquitoes were orally challenged by membrane feeding with Zika virus strain of Cambodia 2010 origin, belonging to the Asian clade. Virus infection and dissemination were assessed by quantitative PCR on midgut and carcass after dissection...
June 9, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591198/single-dose-primaquine-to-reduce-gametocyte-carriage-and-plasmodium-falciparum-transmission-in-cambodia-an-open-label-randomized-trial
#14
Jessica T Lin, Chanthap Lon, Michele D Spring, Somethy Sok, Soklyda Chann, Mali Ittiverakul, Worachet Kuntawunginn, Mok My, Kheangheng Thay, Rifat Rahman, Sujata Balasubramanian, Mengchuor Char, Charlotte A Lanteri, Panita Gosi, Ratawan Ubalee, Steven R Meshnick, David L Saunders
BACKGROUND: Single low dose primaquine (SLD PQ, 0.25mg/kg) is recommended in combination with artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) as a gametocytocide to prevent Plasmodium falciparum transmission in areas threatened by artemisinin resistance. To date, no randomized controlled trials have measured primaquine's effect on infectiousness to Anopheline mosquitoes in Southeast Asia. METHODS: Cambodian adults with uncomplicated falciparum malaria were randomized to receive a single 45mg dose of primaquine (equivalent to three SLD PQ) or no primaquine after the third dose of dihydroartemisin-piperaquine (DHP) therapy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589000/system-wide-analysis-of-health-financing-equity-in-cambodia-a-study-protocol
#15
Virginia Wiseman, Augustine Asante, Por Ir, Supon Limwattananon, Bart Jacobs, Marco Liverani, Andrew Hayen, Stephen Jan
BACKGROUND: To assess progress towards universal health coverage, countries like Cambodia require evidence on equity in the financing and distribution of healthcare benefits. This evidence must be based on a system-wide perspective that recognises the complex roles played by the public and private sectors in many contemporary healthcare systems. OBJECTIVE: To undertake a system-wide assessment of who pays and who benefits from healthcare in Cambodia and to understand the factors influencing this...
January 2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582563/participant-centred-active-surveillance-of-adverse-events-following-immunisation-a-narrative-review
#16
Patrick Cashman, Kristine Macartney, Gulam Khandaker, Catherine King, Michael Gold, David N Durrheim
The importance of active, participant-centred monitoring of adverse events following immunisation (AEFI) is increasingly recognised as a valuable adjunct to traditional passive AEFI surveillance. The databases OVID Medline and OVID Embase were searched to identify all published articles referring to AEFI. Only studies which sought participant response after vaccination were included. A total of 6060 articles published since the year 2000 were identified. After the application of screening inclusion and exclusion criteria, 25 articles describing 23 post-marketing AEFI systems were identified...
May 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567410/erratum-to-mobile-phone-use-among-female-entertainment-workers-in-cambodia-an-observation-study
#17
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.21037/mhealth.2017.01.01.].
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552889/present-situation-of-opisthorchiasis-in-vientiane-capital-lao-peoples-democratic-republic
#18
Satoshi Nakamura
Opisthorchiasis is the commonest liver disease caused by Opisthorchis viverrini in Thailand, Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR) and Cambodia, which will be a major cause of future human cholangiocarcinoma in these regions. In this short review, we describe the epidemic aspects of this parasite infection and the outline of results of our recent surveys of the fluke in humans and its intermediate hosts in Vientiane Capital, where information on the opisthorchiasis epidemic is insufficient. We examined the stool from a total of 296 persons living in the Phailom village (population, 1545, 1999) from 2011 to 2012...
2017: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544429/diabetes-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-cambodia-results-from-two-screening-studies
#19
Julie Wagner, Diana Naranjo, Touch Khun, Serey Seng, Ien Srey Horn, Sakinah Carter Suttiratana, Lim Keuky
BACKGROUND: Despite growing attention to diabetes throughout Asia, data from Southeast Asia are limited. This article reports rates of diabetes, hypertension and obesity in Cambodia. METHODS: Two studies were conducted across different regions of Cambodia: a 2012 screening study across urban, semi-urban and rural areas that used point of care capillary glucose for determination of diabetes (n = 13,997) and a 2005 epidemiological study with random selection from two main urban areas that used oral glucose tolerance tests for determination of diabetes (n = 1,863)...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537209/development-of-the-icd-10-simplified-version-and-field-test
#20
Wansa Paoin, Maliwan Yuenyongsuwan, Yukiko Yokobori, Hiroyoshi Endo, Sukil Kim
BACKGROUND: The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision (ICD-10) has been used in various Asia-Pacific countries for more than 20 years. Although ICD-10 is a powerful tool, clinical coding processes are complex; therefore, many developing countries have not been able to implement ICD-10-based health statistics (WHO-FIC APN, 2007). OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to simplify ICD-10 clinical coding processes, to modify index terms to facilitate computer searching and to provide a simplified version of ICD-10 for use in developing countries...
January 1, 2017: HIM Journal
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