keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cambodia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436276/should-trained-lay-providers-perform-hiv-testing-a-systematic-review-to-inform-world-health-organization-guidelines
#1
C E Kennedy, P T Yeh, C Johnson, R Baggaley
New strategies for HIV testing services (HTS) are needed to achieve UN 90-90-90 targets, including diagnosis of 90% of people living with HIV. Task-sharing HTS to trained lay providers may alleviate health worker shortages and better reach target groups. We conducted a systematic review of studies evaluating HTS by lay providers using rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs). Peer-reviewed articles were included if they compared HTS using RDTs performed by trained lay providers to HTS by health professionals, or to no intervention...
April 24, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435831/health-related-quality-of-life-and-related-factors-among-rural-residents-in-cambodia
#2
Youngran Yang, Betty Bekemeier, Jongsan Choi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434988/genotyping-of-helicobacter-pylori-shows-high-diversity-of-strains-circulating-in-central-vietnam
#3
Trung Nam Phan, Antonella Santona, Van Huy Tran, Thi Nhu Hoa Tran, Le Van An, Pietro Cappuccinelli, Salvatore Rubino, Bianca Paglietti
In Vietnam, the high prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection represents a serious health problem. Virulence genes of H. pylori have been associated to increased risk of severe gastrointestinal diseases and the genetic background differs in geographical areas. We investigated cagA and vacA genotypes of H. pylori from dyspeptic patients from central Vietnam and the correlation with clinical outcomes; we also performed sequencing analysis of partial cagA gene. Overall, 84% of strains were cagA-positive, 75% were East-Asian type with a prevalence of vacAs1i1m1 and vacAs1i1m2 genotypes (66...
April 18, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431195/feeding-behavior-and-activity-budget-of-the-southern-yellow-cheeked-crested-gibbons-nomascus-gabriellae-in-a-lowland-tropical-forest
#4
Thanh H Bach, Jin Chen, Minh D Hoang, Kingsly C Beng, Van T Nguyen
The southern yellow-cheeked crested gibbon (Nomascus gabriellae), an endangered species native to Vietnam and Cambodia, lives exclusively in undisturbed tropical forests and depends primarily on ripe fruit for food. Although this species is highly threatened, its ecology and conservation status remain relatively unknown. In order to understand how this heavily frugivorous primate adapts to the seasonal fluctuation of fruit resources in the forest, we collected feeding behavior and ranging activity data on one group of southern yellow-cheeked crested gibbons in Cat Tien National Park, Vietnam, over 1-year period...
April 21, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423028/four-human-plasmodium-species-quantification-using-droplet-digital-pcr
#5
Suttipat Srisutham, Naowarat Saralamba, Benoit Malleret, Laurent Rénia, Arjen M Dondorp, Mallika Imwong
Droplet digital polymerase chain reaction (ddPCR) is a partial PCR based on water-oil emulsion droplet technology. It is a highly sensitive method for detecting and delineating minor alleles from complex backgrounds and provides absolute quantification of DNA targets. The ddPCR technology has been applied for detection of many pathogens. Here the sensitive assay utilizing ddPCR for detection and quantification of Plasmodium species was investigated. The assay was developed for two levels of detection, genus specific for all Plasmodium species and for specific Plasmodium species detection...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420389/assessment-of-copy-number-variation-in-genes-related-to-drug-resistance-in-plasmodium-vivax-and-plasmodium-falciparum-isolates-from-the-brazilian-amazon-and-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#6
Gabriel Luíz Costa, Lara Cotta Amaral, Cor Jesus Fernandes Fontes, Luzia Helena Carvalho, Cristiana Ferreira Alves de Brito, Taís Nóbrega de Sousa
BACKGROUND: Parasite resistance to anti-malarials represents a great obstacle for malaria elimination. The majority of studies have investigated the association between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and drug resistance; however, it is becoming clear that the copy number variation (CNV) is also associated with this parasite phenotype. To provide a baseline for molecular surveillance of anti-malarial drug resistance in the Brazilian Amazon, the present study characterized the genetic profile of both markers in the most common genes associated with drug resistance in Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax isolates...
April 19, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410610/an-intricate-case-of-multidrug-resistant-plasmodium-falciparum-isolate-imported-from-cambodia
#7
Raffaele Dell'Acqua, Claudia Fabrizio, Francesco Di Gennaro, Sergio Lo Caputo, Annalisa Saracino, Michela Menegon, Mariangela L'Episcopia, Carlo Severini, Laura Monno, Francesco Castelli, Gioacchino Angarano
BACKGROUND: Imported cases of multidrug resistant Plasmodium falciparum and treatment failure with artemisinin-based regimens, although rare, have been described also in Western countries and their management is often challenging. This is also due to an inadequate knowledge and implementation of health prevention measures. CASE REPORT: A complex case of imported malaria caused by Plasmodium vivax/P. falciparum isolates in a patient who was not taking chemoprophylaxis while he was travelling in Cambodia is reported in this article...
April 14, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409056/establishing-seasonal-and-alert-influenza-thresholds-in-cambodia-using-the-who-method-implications-for-effective-utilization-of-influenza-surveillance-in-the-tropics-and-subtropics
#8
Sovann Ly, Takeshi Arashiro, Vanra Ieng, Reiko Tsuyuoka, Amy Parry, Paul Horwood, Seng Heng, Sarah Hamid, Katelijn Vandemaele, Savuth Chin, Borann Sar, Yuzo Arima
OBJECTIVE: To establish seasonal and alert thresholds and transmission intensity categories for influenza to provide timely triggers for preventive measures or upscaling control measures in Cambodia. METHODS: Using Cambodia's influenza-like illness (ILI) and laboratory-confirmed influenza surveillance data from 2009 to 2015, three parameters were assessed to monitor influenza activity: the proportion of ILI patients among all outpatients, proportion of ILI samples positive for influenza and the product of the two...
January 2017: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404015/management-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-in-the-asia-pacific-region-an-update
#9
REVIEW
Seng Gee Lim, Alessio Aghemo, Pei-Jer Chen, Yock Young Dan, Edward Gane, Rino Gani, Robert G Gish, Richard Guan, Ji Dong Jia, Kieron Lim, Teerha Piratvisuth, Samir Shah, Mitchell L Shiffman, Frank Tacke, Soek Siam Tan, Tawesak Tanwandee, Khin Maung Win, Cihan Yurdaydin
The Asia-Pacific region has disparate hepatitis C virus (HCV) epidemiology, with prevalence ranging from 0·1% to 4·7%, and a unique genotype distribution. Genotype 1b dominates in east Asia, whereas in south Asia and southeast Asia genotype 3 dominates, and in Indochina (Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos), genotype 6 is most common. Often, availability of all-oral direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) is delayed because of differing regulatory requirements. Ideally, for genotype 1 infections, sofosbuvir plus ledipasvir, sofosbuvir plus daclatasvir, or ombitasvir, paritaprevir, and ritonavir plus dasabuvir are suitable...
January 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403813/beliefs-and-practices-during-pregnancy-post-partum-and-in-the-first-days-of-an-infant-s-life-in-rural-cambodia
#10
Claudia Turner, Sreymom Pol, Kamsan Suon, Leakhena Neou, Nicholas P J Day, Michael Parker, Patricia Kingori
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to record the beliefs, practices during pregnancy, post-partum and in the first few days of an infant's life, held by a cross section of the community in rural Cambodia to determine beneficial community interventions to improve early neonatal health. METHODS: Qualitative study design with data generated from semi structured interviews (SSI) and focus group discussions (FGD). Data were analysed by thematic content analysis, with an a priori coding structure developed using available relevant literature...
April 12, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400526/plasmodium-falciparum-k13-mutations-differentially-impact-ozonide-susceptibility-and-parasite-fitness-in-vitro
#11
Judith Straimer, Nina F Gnädig, Barbara H Stokes, Michelle Ehrenberger, Audrey A Crane, David A Fidock
The emergence and spread in Southeast Asia of Plasmodium falciparum resistance to artemisinin (ART) derivatives, the cornerstone of first-line artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs), underscore the urgent need to identify suitable replacement drugs. Discovery and development efforts have identified a series of ozonides with attractive chemical and pharmacological properties that are being touted as suitable replacements. Partial resistance to ART, defined as delayed parasite clearance in malaria patients treated with an ART derivative or an ACT, has been associated with mutations in the P...
April 11, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398195/mass-fainting-in-garment-factories-in-cambodia
#12
Maurice Eisenbruch
This paper reports an ethnographic study of mass fainting among garment factory workers in Cambodia. Research was undertaken in 2010-2015 in 48 factories in Phnom Penh and 8 provinces. Data were collected in Khmer using nonprobability sampling. In participant observation with monks, factory managers, health workers, and affected women, cultural understandings were explored. One or more episodes of mass fainting occurred at 34 factories, of which 9 were triggered by spirit possession. Informants viewed the causes in the domains of ill-health/toxins and supernatural activities...
April 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395846/pathways-between-childhood-trauma-intimate-partner-violence-and-harsh-parenting-findings-from-the-un-multi-country-study-on-men-and-violence-in-asia-and-the-pacific
#13
Emma Fulu, Stephanie Miedema, Tim Roselli, Sarah McCook, Ko Ling Chan, Regine Haardörfer, Rachel Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Although childhood trauma and violence against women are global public health issues, few population-based data from low-income and middle-income countries exist about the links between them. We present data from the UN Multi-country Study on Men and Violence in Asia and the Pacific, exploring the pathways between different forms of childhood trauma and violence against women. METHODS: In this multicountry study, we interviewed multistage representative samples of men and women, aged 18-49 years, in Asia and the Pacific, using standardised population-based household surveys...
May 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394714/access-to-health-care-by-migrant-farm-workers-on-fruit-plantations-in-eastern-thailand
#14
Anamai Thetkathuek, Wanlop Jaidee, Patchana Jaidee
OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to elucidate factors that influenced access to health care for migrant farm workers from Cambodia employed on fruit plantations in eastern Thailand. METHODS: Data were collected from 861 participants via interview questions and focus group discussions. RESULTS: The results revealed that 58.2% of immigrant workers were male, averaged 30.4 years of age, and 56.3% had no formal education. In the past year, 28% reported back pain, and 25% had joint pain...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384252/matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-for-the-identification-of-burkholderia-pseudomallei-from-asia-and-australia-and-differentiation-between-burkholderia-species
#15
Vichaya Suttisunhakul, Apinya Pumpuang, Peeraya Ekchariyawat, Vanaporn Wuthiekanun, Mindy G Elrod, Paul Turner, Bart J Currie, Rattanaphone Phetsouvanh, David A B Dance, Direk Limmathurotsakul, Sharon J Peacock, Narisara Chantratita
Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) is increasingly used for rapid bacterial identification. Studies of Burkholderia pseudomallei identification have involved small isolate numbers drawn from a restricted geographic region. There is a need to expand the reference database and evaluate B. pseudomallei from a wider geographic distribution that more fully captures the extensive genetic diversity of this species. Here, we describe the evaluation of over 650 isolates...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381341/postdischarge-surveillance-of-surgical-site-infections-using-telephone-calls-and-a-follow-up-card-in-a-resource-limited-setting
#16
J Guerra, M Isnard, C Guichon
The use of a follow-up card and telephone calls appeared to be an efficient modality for postdischarge surveillance of surgical site infections (SSIs) in Cambodia. One hundred and sixty-one patients were given a follow-up card and asked to present it to any healthcare practitioner they visited during the 30 days following their surgery. Patients were subsequently telephoned to collect information. After discharge, 87% of the patients provided follow-up data. Of these, 25 patients with no SSIs detected during hospitalization reported that 'white liquid had discharged from the surgical wound'; among them, nine cases of purulent drainage were reported by a practitioner...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381246/-fit-for-school-a-school-based-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-programme-to-improve-child-health-results-from-a-longitudinal-study-in-cambodia-indonesia-and-lao-pdr
#17
Denise Duijster, Bella Monse, Jed Dimaisip-Nabuab, Pantjawidi Djuharnoko, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien, Martin Hobdell, Katrin Kromeyer-Hauschild, Yung Kunthearith, Maria Carmela Mijares-Majini, Nicole Siegmund, Panith Soukhanouvong, Habib Benzian
BACKGROUND: The Fit for School (FIT) programme integrates school health and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene interventions, which are implemented by the Ministries of Education in four Southeast Asian countries. This paper describes the findings of a Health Outcome Study, which aimed to assess the two-year effect of the FIT programme on the parasitological, weight, and oral health status of children attending schools implementing the programme in Cambodia, Indonesia and Lao PDR. METHODS: The study was a non-randomized clustered controlled trial with a follow-up period of two years...
April 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381234/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-illicit-drug-use-among-university-students-in-the-association-of-southeast-asian-nations-asean
#18
Siyan Yi, Karl Peltzer, Supa Pengpid, Indri Hapsari Susilowati
BACKGROUND: Illicit drug use among university students has been recognized as a global public health issue in recent years. It may lead to poor academic performance that in turn leads to poor productivity in their later life. This study explores prevalence of and factors associated with illicit drug use among university students in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). METHODS: This multi-country cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015 in Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam...
April 6, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379656/barriers-to-the-uptake-of-cataract-surgery-and-eye-care-after-community-outreach-screening-in-takeo-province-cambodia
#19
Gail M Ormsby, Manfred Mörchen, Kathy Fotis, Dawn Grant Skiba, Channeang Chim, Jill E Keeffe
PURPOSE: To assess the barriers influencing eye healthcare seeking behavior after community outreach screening. DESIGN: A concurrent mixed methods study. METHODS: A total of 469 patients screened during the previous 12 months were followed up, of which 354 (75%) from 5 districts were interviewed in person, using a semi-structured questionnaire, in-depth interviews (n = 11), and 16 focus groups (n = 71). SPSS and NVivo were used to analyze response frequency and identify themes...
March 29, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376085/status-and-methodology-of-publicly-available-national-hiv-care-continua-and-90-90-90-targets-a-systematic-review
#20
Reuben Granich, Somya Gupta, Irene Hall, John Aberle-Grasse, Shannon Hader, Jonathan Mermin
BACKGROUND: In 2014, the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) issued treatment goals for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The 90-90-90 target specifies that by 2020, 90% of individuals living with HIV will know their HIV status, 90% of people with diagnosed HIV infection will receive antiretroviral treatment (ART), and 90% of those taking ART will be virally suppressed. Consistent methods and routine reporting in the public domain will be necessary for tracking progress towards the 90-90-90 target...
April 2017: PLoS Medicine
keyword
keyword
1302
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"