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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106232/author-s-reply-developing-a-sustainable-hip-service-in-cambodia
#1
James J Aird, Jim G Gollogly, Ou C Ngiep
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100811/the-molecular-speciation-of-soil-transmitted-helminth-eggs-collected-from-school-children-across-six-endemic-countries
#2
Santosh George, Peter Geldhof, Marco Albonico, Shaali M Ame, Jeffrey M Bethony, Dirk Engels, Zeleke Mekonnen, Antonio Montresor, Sopheak Hem, Louis-Albert Tchuem-Tchuenté, Nguyen Thu Huong, Gagandeep Kang, Jozef Vercruysse, Bruno Levecke
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of soil-transmitted helminths (STHs; Ascaris, Trichuris and hookworms) is traditionally based on the demonstration of eggs in stool using microscopic techniques. While molecular techniques are more appropriate to speciate STH species they are seldom applied. In this study we speciated STH eggs from stool using molecular techniques to gain insights into the distribution of both human and animal STH species in the human host. METHODS: We speciated 207 STH egg isolates from stool collected during the baseline survey of six drug efficacy trials conducted in Brazil, Cambodia, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Tanzania and Vietnam applying a PCR - restriction fragment length polymorphisms based approach...
January 18, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099741/abortion-choices-among-women-in-cambodia-after-introduction-of-a-socially-marketed-medicated-abortion-product
#3
Khim Sotheary, Dianna Long, Gary Mundy, Yasmin Madan, Paul D Blumenthal
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether a social marketing initiative focusing on medicated abortion via a mifepristone/misoprostol "combipack" has contributed to reducing unsafe abortion in Cambodia. METHODS: In a questionnaire-based cross-sectional study, annual household surveys were conducted across 13 Cambodian provinces in 2010, 2011, and 2012. One married woman of reproductive age who was not pregnant and did not wish to be within the next 2 years in each randomly selected household was approached for inclusion...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098551/seroprevalence-and-transmission-of-human-influenza-a-h5n1-virus-before-and-after-virus-reassortment-cambodia-2006-2014
#4
Sowath Ly, Paul Horwood, Malen Chan, Sareth Rith, Sopheak Sorn, Kunthea Oeung, Kunthy Nguon, Siam Chan, Phalla Y, Amy Parry, Reiko Tsuyuoka, Sovann Ly, Beat Richner, Denis Laurent, Sirenda Vong, Philippe Dussart, Philippe Buchy, Arnaud Tarantola
Thirty-five human influenza A(H5N1) cases were reported in Cambodia during 2013-2014 after emergence of a clade 1.1.2 reassortant virus. We tested 881 villagers and found 2 cases of pauci- or asymptomatic infection. Seroprevalence after emergence of the reassortant strain (0.2%) was lower than the aggregate seroprevalence of 1.3% reported in earlier studies.
February 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093439/national-estimation-of-children-in-residential-care-institutions-in-cambodia-a-modelling-study
#5
Lindsay Stark, Beth L Rubenstein, Kimchoeun Pak, Sok Kosal
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to collect baseline data on the number of children living in residential care institutions in Cambodia. The secondary objective was to describe the characteristics of the children (eg, age, sex, duration of stay, education and health). The data were intended to guide recent efforts by the Government of Cambodia to reduce the number of children living in residential care institutions and increase the number of children growing up in supportive family environments...
January 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073342/implementing-flexible-bronchoscopy-in-least-developed-countries-according-to-international-guidelines-is-feasible-and-sustainable-example-from-phnom-penh-cambodia
#6
Martin Veaudor, Sébastien Couraud, Sophors Chan, Chanraksmey Choun, Pisethmorokoth Keo, Virginie Avrillon, Pierre-Jean Souquet, Chanty Ny
BACKGROUND: Flexible bronchoscopy is pivotal for the diagnosis of most respiratory diseases. A flexible bronchoscopy unit (FBU) was created in 2008 in the Preah Kossamak university hospital (Phnom Penh, Cambodia) through a cooperation program between a French and a Cambodian team. In 2009 we conducted an assessment of the compliance of the FBU to international standards and found that most of French and British guidelines were fully applied or adapted to local practice. The aim of the current work was to assess FBU again 6 years later, in order to determine if compliance to international guidelines was sustainable...
January 10, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070012/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-intestinal-parasitic-infection-in-schoolchildren-in-battambang-cambodia
#7
Chien-Wei Liao, Kuan-Chih Chiu, I-Chen Chiang, Po-Ching Cheng, Ting-Wu Chuang, Juo-Han Kuo, Yun-Hung Tu, Chia-Kwung Fan
Most intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs), commonly endemic in tropical resource-poor developing countries, are neglected tropical diseases. Parasitic infections and malnutrition are most commonly found in children. We determined the prevalence of IPIs and the risk factors in Battambang Province, northwestern Cambodia, from August to September 2015. This study collected 308 valid questionnaires and specimens from Dontri (173, 56.2%) and Kon Kaêk (135, 43.8%) primary schools. All stool samples were examined using Chang's Feces Examination Apparatus through the merthiolate-iodine-formaldehyde technique...
January 9, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060810/whole-genome-sequence-analysis-of-salmonella-typhi-isolated-in-thailand-before-and-after-the-introduction-of-a-national-immunization-program
#8
Zoe A Dyson, Duy Pham Thanh, Ladaporn Bodhidatta, Carl Jeffries Mason, Apichai Srijan, Maia A Rabaa, Phat Voong Vinh, Tuyen Ha Thanh, Guy E Thwaites, Stephen Baker, Kathryn E Holt
Vaccines against Salmonella Typhi, the causative agent of typhoid fever, are commonly used by travellers, however, there are few examples of national immunization programs in endemic areas. There is therefore a paucity of data on the impact of typhoid immunization programs on localised populations of S. Typhi. Here we have used whole genome sequencing (WGS) to characterise 44 historical bacterial isolates collected before and after a national typhoid immunization program that was implemented in Thailand in 1977 in response to a large outbreak; the program was highly effective in reducing typhoid case numbers...
January 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056842/sex-with-sweethearts-exploring-factors-associated-with-inconsistent-condom-use-among-unmarried-female-entertainment-workers-in-cambodia
#9
Siyan Yi, Sovannary Tuot, Pheak Chhoun, Khuondyla Pal, Chanrith Ngin, Kolab Chhim, Carinne Brody
BACKGROUND: Despite the success in promoting condom use in commercial relationships, condom use with regular, noncommercial partners remains low among key populations in Cambodia. This study explores factors associated inconsistent condom use with sweethearts among unmarried sexually active female entertainment workers (FEWs). METHODS: In 2014, the probability proportional to size sampling method was used to randomly select 204 FEWs from entertainment venues in Phnom Penh and Siem Reap for face-to-face interviews...
January 5, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052985/experiences-of-using-life-histories-with-health-workers-in-post-conflict-and-crisis-settings-methodological-reflections
#10
Sophie Witter, Justine Namakula, Alvaro Alonso-Garbayo, Haja Wurie, Sally Theobald, Wilson Mashange, Bandeth Ros, Stephen Buzuzi, Richard Mangwi, Tim Martineau
INTRODUCTION: Life history is a research tool which has been used primarily in sociology and anthropology to document experiences of marginalized individuals and communities. It has been less explored in relation to health system research. In this paper, we examine our experience of using life histories to explore health system trajectories coming out of conflict through the eyes of health workers. METHODS: Life histories were used in four inter-related projects looking at health worker incentives, the impact of Ebola on health workers, deployment policies, and gender and leadership in the health sector...
January 4, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050595/cervical-cancer-prevention-training-in-south-east-asian-lmics
#11
Joseph Soon-Yau Ng, Ida Ismail-Pratt
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is a confederation of 10 sovereign states occupying approximately 1.7 million square miles of Southeast Asia with an estimated population of just under 630 million. Southeast Asia continues to have one of the world's highest rates of cervical cancer-related death. Organised training in cervical cancer screening is essential but lacking in low to middle income countries (LMICs). Systematic training of local doctors is an essential part of an effective screening program and an effective strategy to reduce cervical cancer-related mortality...
February 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049274/iron-release-from-the-lucky-iron-fish%C3%A2-safety-considerations
#12
Gavin R Armstrong, Cate E Dewey, Alastair Js Summerlee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The principal objective was to explore in greater detail safety issues with regard to the use of the Lucky Iron Fish® (fish) as a treatment for iron deficiency and iron deficiency anaemia in women in rural Cambodia. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Experiments were done to determine: (1) purity of the iron in the fish by mass spectroscopy; (2) release of iron and contaminants released during boiling in water using inductive-ly-coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy; (3) the impact of cooking time, acidity and number of fish in acidified water and two types of Khmer soups; and (4) drinkability of the water after boiling with different num-bers of fish...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049032/impact-of-helmet-use-on-severity-of-epidural-hematomas-in-cambodia
#13
Saksham Gupta, Vycheth Iv, Nang Sam, Din Vuthy, Katherine Klaric, Mark G Shrime, Kee B Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 31, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042666/prevalence-and-antimicrobial-resistance-in-salmonella-enterica-isolated-from-broiler-chickens-pigs-and-meat-products-in-the-thailand-cambodia-border-provinces
#14
Suthathip Trongjit, Sunpetch Angkititrakul, R Emerson Tuttle, Jiratchaya Poungseree, Pawin Padungtod, Rungtip Chuanchuen
This study aimed to examine prevalence and antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in the Salmonella isolates from broilers, pigs and their associated meat products in the Thailand-Cambodia border provinces. A total of 941 samples were collected from pigs and broilers at slaughter houses and from carcasses at local fresh markets in Sa Kaeo, Thailand (n = 554) and Banteay Meanchey, Cambodia (n = 387) in 2014 and 2015. Three hundred-forty five Salmonella isolates were collected from Sa Keao (n = 145; 23%) and Banteay Meanchey (n = 200; 47%) and assayed for antimicrobial susceptibility, class 1 integrons and extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) genes...
January 2, 2017: Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042405/imported-case-of-melioidosis-in-oman-case-report
#15
Nada Al Tamtami, Faryal Khamis, Amina Al-Jardani
Melioidosis is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei. It is most commonly described in Southeast Asia and Northern Australia and some imported cases in non-endemic areas. We describe the case of a 55-year-old Omani man with fulminant sepsis who worked in Laos, Cambodia. B. pseudomallei was isolated from the patient's blood and was identified by means of microbiological and biochemical tests. We highlight the importance of careful attention to non-fermentative gram-negative rods in a septic patients who have worked or travelled to Southeast Asia...
January 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024672/factors-associated-with-caesarean-sections-in-phnom-penh-cambodia
#16
Clémence Schantz, Kruy Leang Sim, Véronique Petit, Heng Rany, Sophie Goyet
C-sections are an increasingly performed medical practice which can save lives but may also lead to major complications. Through a mixed methods study conducted in 2015 in Cambodia, we aimed to analyze the reasons for requesting a c-section and to explore factors that are associated with c-sections. 60% of the women in the cohort who gave birth by c-section reported having requested it. Through 31 in-depth interviews, we determined the reasons given by women for requesting a c-section before and during labour...
November 2016: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009812/newborn-care-in-the-home-and-health-facility-formative-findings-for-intervention-research-in-cambodia
#17
Alessandra N Bazzano, Leah Taub, Richard A Oberhelman, Chivorn Var
Global coverage and scale up of interventions to reduce newborn mortality remains low, though progress has been achieved in improving newborn survival in many low-income settings. An important factor in the success of newborn health interventions, and moving to scale, is appropriate design of community-based programs and strategies for local implementation. We report the results of formative research undertaken to inform the design of a newborn health intervention in Cambodia. Information was gathered on newborn care practices over a period of three months using multiple qualitative methods of data collection in the primary health facility and home setting...
December 21, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008205/prevalence-and-correlates-of-perceived-teeth-health-status-and-oral-health-behavior-among-school-going-adolescents-in-cambodia
#18
Karl Peltzer, Chher Tepirou, Supa Pengpid
The purpose of the study was to investigate perceived teeth health status and oral health behavior, as well as their correlates, among adolescents in Cambodia. The analysis included 3806 Cambodian school children (mean age 15.7 years, SD=1.8 years) who took part in the "Global School-based Student Health Survey" (GSHS) in 2013. Overall, 7.8% of the students reported poor perceived teeth status, 18.0% had missed school in the past year because of a toothache, 26.7% engaged in combined oral health behavior (brushing teeth twice daily or more often = 79...
December 2016: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008198/anticipated-stigma-in-chronic-illness-patients-in-cambodia-myanmar-and-vietnam
#19
Karl Peltzer, Supa Pengpid
The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence and relationship of anticipated chronic illness stigma among patients diagnosed with a variety of chronic diseases in three Southeast Asian countries (Cambodia, Myanmar and Vietnam). A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 4,803 adult chronic disease patients (mean age 49.3 years; SD=16.5) recruited systematically from health facilities. Overall, the results indicate that 20.7% of patients reported that for any of the 12 stigma items, they anticipated they were likely or very likely to experience chronic disease stigma...
December 2016: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008197/associations-of-alcohol-use-with-mental-health-and-alcohol-exposure-among-school-going-students-in-cambodia
#20
Karl Peltzer, Supa Pengpid, Chher Tepirou
The aim of this study was to examine the associations of alcohol use with sociodemographic factors, mental health and alcohol exposure among school-going adolescents in Cambodia. The analysis included 3,806 school children, mean age 15.7 years (SD=1.8), from Cambodia who participated in the "Global School-based Student Health Survey" (GSHS) in 2013. The results indicate that overall, 10.0% of the students reported current alcohol use, 10.8% lifetime drunkenness, and 2.8% problem drinking. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, sociodemographic factors (older age and being male), mental health and other variables (bullying victimization, OR (odds ratio) = 1...
December 2016: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
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