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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744940/report-of-the-international-symposiums-at-the-93rd-congress-of-japan-gastroenterological-endoscopy-society-in-osaka-2017
#1
EDITORIAL
Satoki Shichijo, Noriya Uedo, Yutaka Saito
In this session, each speaker presented papers about training situations from various countries including USA, Sweden, Philippine, Latin America, Vietnam, Cambodia, Hong Kong, and Japan, each followed by a short discussion on the topic. This session allowed Japanese and foreign experts to exchange opinions and improve mutual understanding (Table 1). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
July 26, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730874/abortion-politics-in-cambodia-social-history-local-forms-and-transnational-issues
#2
Pascale Hancart Petitet
Cambodia's current abortion rate and ratio could be among the highest in Southeast Asia. In 1997, the Cambodian parliament passed the first law regulating abortions. This law was adopted to contribute to reduce the high maternal mortality ratio, as a significant number of maternal deaths were believed to be related to complications of unsafe abortion. A decade later, the Ministry of Health had not yet established medical protocols for safe abortion access and women often continued to induce their own terminations or seek unsafe services...
July 21, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725643/crisis-team-management-in-a-scarce-resource-setting-angkor-hospital-for-children-in-siem-reap-cambodia
#3
Richard Alynn Henker, Hiroko Henker, Hor Eng, John O'Donnell, Tachawan Jirativanont
INTRODUCTION: A crisis team management (CTM) simulation course was developed by volunteers from Health Volunteers Overseas for physicians and nurses at Angkor Hospital for Children (AHC) in Siem Reap, Cambodia. The framework for the course was adapted from crisis resource management (1, 2), crisis team training (3), and TeamSTEPPs© models (4). The CTM course focused on teaching physicians and nurses on the development of team performance knowledge, skills, and attitudes. Challenges to providing this course at AHC included availability of simulation equipment, cultural differences in learning, and language barriers...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725255/transition-into-adult-care-factors-associated-with-level-of-preparedness-among-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-cambodia
#4
Siyan Yi, Chanrith Ngin, Khuondyla Pal, Vohith Khol, Sovannary Tuot, Sokunmealiny Sau, Pheak Chhoun, Gitau Mburu, Sok Chamreun Choub, Kolab Chhim, Penhsun Ly
BACKGROUND: Preparing adolescents for transition into adult care and supporting their acquisition of self-health care management skills is a critical determinant of their post-transition HIV care outcomes. However, there is a scarcity of research on effective transition strategies. This study explores factors associated with adolescent preparedness for transition into adult care in Cambodia. METHODS: In August 2016, a cross-sectional study was conducted among 223 adolescents living with HIV aged 15-17, randomly selected from 11 antiretroviral therapy clinics, utilizing a structured questionnaire...
2017: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719961/artyfechinostomum-malayanum-metacercariae-encysted-in-pila-sp-snails-purchased-from-phnom-penh-cambodia
#5
Woon-Mok Sohn, Tai-Soon Yong, Keeseon S Eom, Muth Sinuon, Hoo-Gn Jeoung, Jong-Yil Chai
The metacercariae of Artyfechinostomum malayanum (Leiper, 1911) Mendheim, 1943 were discovered in Pila sp. snails purchased from a market in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. They were isolated from the snails using the artificial digestion technique and were orally fed to 2 hamsters, 1 rat, and 2 mice to obtain the adult flukes. The metacercariae were round, 145-165 μm in diameter, having a cyst wall of 6-10 μm in thickness, a head collar and collar spines, and characteristic features of excretory granules. Adult flukes were recovered in the small intestines of the animals at days 14 and 32 post infection and were morphologically observed using a light microscope and a scanning electron microscope...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719631/the-distribution-and-host-range-of-the-banana-fusarium-wilt-fungus-fusarium-oxysporum-f-sp-cubense-in-asia
#6
Diane Mostert, Agustin B Molina, Jeff Daniells, Gerda Fourie, Catur Hermanto, Chih-Ping Chao, Emily Fabregar, Vida G Sinohin, Nik Masdek, Raman Thangavelu, Chunyu Li, Ganyun Yi, Lizel Mostert, Altus Viljoen
Fusarium oxysporum formae specialis cubense (Foc) is a soil-borne fungus that causes Fusarium wilt, which is considered to be the most destructive disease of bananas. The fungus is believed to have evolved with its host in the Indo-Malayan region, and from there it was spread to other banana-growing areas with infected planting material. The diversity and distribution of Foc in Asia was investigated. A total of 594 F. oxysporum isolates collected in ten Asian countries were identified by vegetative compatibility groups (VCGs) analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719312/molecular-epidemiology-of-malaria-in-cameroon-and-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire-xxxi-kelch-13-propeller-sequences-in-plasmodium-falciparum-isolates-before-and-after-implementation-of-artemisinin-based-combination-therapy
#7
Joseph Allico Djaman, Dagnogo Olefongo, Aristide Berenger Ako, Jocelyne Roman, Vincent Foumane Ngane, Leonardo K Basco, Rachida Tahar
Artemisinin-resistant malaria has not been reported from Africa, but resistance can possibly spread from Asia or arise independently in Africa. The emergence of artemisinin resistance in Africa can be monitored by molecular assay of Kelch 13 (K13) propeller sequences. A total of 251 archived DNA samples of Plasmodium falciparum isolates collected in 2002, 2003, and 2006 in Yaounde, Cameroon, and 47 samples collected in 2006 and 2013 in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, were analyzed for K13-propeller sequence polymorphism...
July 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716149/transition-into-adult-care-factors-associated-with-level-of-preparedness-among-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-cambodia
#8
Siyan Yi, Chanrith Ngin, Khuondyla Pal, Vohith Khol, Sovannary Tuot, Sokunmealiny Sau, Pheak Chhoun, Gitau Mburu, Sok Chamreun Choub, Kolab Chhim, Penhsun Ly
BACKGROUND: Preparing adolescents for transition into adult care and supporting their acquisition of self-health care management skills is a critical determinant of their post-transition HIV care outcomes. However, there is a scarcity of research on effective transition strategies. This study explores factors associated with adolescent preparedness for transition into adult care in Cambodia. METHODS: In August 2016, a cross-sectional study was conducted among 223 adolescents living with HIV aged 15-17, randomly selected from 11 antiretroviral therapy clinics, utilizing a structured questionnaire...
July 17, 2017: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705242/non-communicable-diseases-and-related-risk-behaviors-among-men-and-women-living-with-hiv-in-cambodia-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Pheak Chhoun, Chanrith Ngin, Sovannary Tuot, Khuondyla Pal, Martin Steel, Jennifer Dionisio, Hattie Pearson, Gitau Mburu, Carinne Brody, Siyan Yi
BACKGROUND: There is a growing concern for an increasing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in people living with HIV. This concern is evident especially in developing countries where dietary and lifestyle risk factors associated with NCDs are becoming more prominent. This study explored the prevalence of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia and related risk factors in men and women living with HIV in Cambodia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 510 adult people living with HIV randomly selected from one city and four provinces in Cambodia...
July 14, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704461/assessing-the-performance-of-remotely-sensed-flooding-indicators-and-their-potential-contribution-to-early-warning-for-leptospirosis-in-cambodia
#10
Julia Ledien, Sopheak Sorn, Sopheak Hem, Rekol Huy, Philippe Buchy, Arnaud Tarantola, Julien Cappelle
Remote sensing can contribute to early warning for diseases with environmental drivers, such as flooding for leptospirosis. In this study we assessed whether and which remotely-sensed flooding indicator could be used in Cambodia to study any disease for which flooding has already been identified as an important driver, using leptospirosis as a case study. The performance of six potential flooding indicators was assessed by ground truthing. The Modified Normalized Difference Water Index (MNDWI) was used to estimate the Risk Ratio (RR) of being infected by leptospirosis when exposed to floods it detected, in particular during the rainy season...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699848/impact-of-helmet-use-on-traumatic-brain-injury-from-road-traffic-accidents-in-cambodia
#11
Saksham Gupta, Katherine Klaric, Nang Sam, Vuthy Din, Tina Juschkewitz, Vycheth Iv, Mark G Shrime, Kee B Park
OBJECTIVE: Rapid urbanization and motorization without corresponding increases in helmet usage have made traumatic brain injury due to road traffic accidents a major public health crisis in Cambodia. This analysis was conducted to quantify the impact of helmets on severity of injury, neurosurgical indication, and functional outcomes at discharge for motorcycle operators who required hospitalization for a traumatic brain injury following a road traffic accident in Cambodia. METHODS: The medical records of 491 motorcycle operators who presented to a major tertiary care center in Cambodia with traumatic brain injury were retrospectively analyzed using multivariate logistic regression...
July 12, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695739/depth-stratification-leads-to-distinct-zones-of-manganese-and-arsenic-contaminated-groundwater
#12
Samantha C Ying, Michael V Schaefer, Alicea Cock-Esteb, Jun Li, Scott Fendorf
Providing access to safe drinking water is a global challenge, and groundwater is increasingly used as source of drinking water throughout the world. However, geogenic contaminants limit the suitability of groundwater for domestic purposes over large geographic areas across continents. Geogenic contaminants in groundwater are often evaluated individually, but here we demonstrate the need to evaluate multiple contaminants to ensure that groundwater is safe for human consumption and agricultural usage. We compiled groundwater chemical data from three aquifer regions across the world that have been reported to have widespread As and Mn contamination including the Glacial Aquifer in the U...
July 11, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690071/plasmodium-vivax-rhomboid-like-protease-1-gene-diversity-in-thailand
#13
Touchchapol Mataradchakul, Chairat Uthaipibull, Francois Nosten, Joel Vega-Rodriguez, Marcelo Jacobs-Lorena, Usa Lek-Uthai
BACKGROUND: Plasmodium vivax infection remains a major public health problem, especially along the Thailand border regions. We examined the genetic diversity of this parasite by analyzing single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the P. vivax rhomboid-like protease 1 gene (Pvrom1) in parasites collected from western (Tak province, Thai-Myanmar border) and eastern (Chanthaburi province, Thai-Cambodia border) regions. METHODS: Data were collected by a cross-sectional survey, consisting of 47 and 45 P...
July 6, 2017: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689461/factors-associated-with-child-passenger-motorcycle-helmet-use-in-cambodia
#14
Hasan S Merali, Abdulgafoor M Bachani
This study examines factors associated with child passenger helmet use in five Cambodian provinces. We performed an analysis of periodic roadside observations of helmet use over a four-year period. A total of 62,039 child passengers 12 years of age and younger met inclusion criteria and were included in the analysis. Overall, 1369 (2.1%) of child passengers were observed to be wearing a helmet. Most significantly, children were six times more likely to wear a helmet if the driver was wearing a helmet (OR 6...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657368/burden-of-road-traffic-injuries-related-to-delays-in-implementing-safety-belt-laws-in-low-and-lower-middle-income-countries
#15
Aurélie Martin, Emmanuel Lagarde, L Rachid Salmi
OBJECTIVE: Delayed implementation of effective road safety policies must be considered when quantifying the avoidable part of the fatal and non-fatal injuries burden. We sought to assess the avoidable part of Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) lost due to road-traffic injuries related to delays in implementing road safety laws in low- and lower middle-income countries. METHODS: We chose one country for each of the regions of the World Health Organization (WHO) and World Bank (WB) country income levels...
June 28, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651601/health-and-behavioral-factors-associated-with-binge-drinking-among-university-students-in-nine-asean-countries
#16
Siyan Yi, Chanrith Ngin, Karl Peltzer, Supa Pengpid
BACKGROUND: Heavy drinking among university students has been globally recognized as a major public health burden. In the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) region, studies on this issue have been scant, country-specific and in different time frames. The aim of this study was to identify social and behavioral factors associated with binge drinking among university students in nine ASEAN countries. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015 among 8809 undergraduate university students from 13 universities in Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam using self-administered questionnaire...
June 26, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629463/how-understanding-and-application-of-drug-related-legal-instruments-affects-harm-reduction-interventions-in-cambodia-a-qualitative-study
#17
Sovannary Tuot, Chanrith Ngin, Khuondyla Pal, Sochenda Sou, Ghazal Sawez, Phylicia Morgan, Mony Srey, Tola Chan, Pheak Chhoun, Olga Golichenko, Sok Chamreun Choub, Siyan Yi
BACKGROUND: Harm reduction interventions in Cambodia face numerous obstacles because of conflicting understanding and interests and inconsistencies in the implementation by law enforcement officials. This study aims to examine how understanding and application of Drug Control Law (DCL) and Village/Commune Safety Policy (VCSP) affects harm reduction interventions in Cambodia from the standpoints of law enforcement officials, people who inject drugs and people who use drugs (PWID/PWUD), as well as other key stakeholders...
June 19, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628437/nontuberculous-mycobacteria-infections-at-a-provincial-reference-hospital-cambodia
#18
Maryline Bonnet, Kim Chamroeun San, Yati Pho, Chandara Sok, Jean-Philippe Dousset, William Brant, Northan Hurtado, Khun Kim Eam, Elisa Ardizzoni, Seiha Heng, Sylvain Godreuil, Wing-Wai Yew, Cathy Hewison
Prevalence of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) disease is poorly documented in countries with high prevalence of tuberculosis (TB). We describe prevalence, risk factors, and TB program implications for NTM isolates and disease in Cambodia. A prospective cohort of 1,183 patients with presumptive TB underwent epidemiologic, clinical, radiologic, and microbiologic evaluation, including >12-months of follow-up for patients with NTM isolates. Prevalence of NTM isolates was 10.8% and of disease was 0.9%; 217 (18...
July 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618850/polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-cambodian-smoked-fish
#19
Tereza Slámová, Adéla Fraňková, Anna Hubáčková, Jan Banout
More than 85% of the population in Cambodia is strongly dependent on agriculture, from which freshwater aquaculture is one of most important sources of food production. The smoked fish represents important source of nutrients for Cambodian population however, can also lead to excessive intake of PAH. A field survey was conducted among selected smoked fish producers near to Tonle Sap river in Kampong Chhnang province, Cambodia. The study revealed that maximal limits (ML) for BaP and the sum of 4 PAHs given by EC 1881/2006, was exceeded 2 to 50 times...
June 15, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part B, Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615257/randomized-controlled-trial-assessing-the-efficacy-of-a-reusable-fish-shaped-iron-ingot-to-increase-hemoglobin-concentration-in-anemic-rural-cambodian-women
#20
Aviva I Rappaport, Kyly C Whitfield, Gwen E Chapman, Rickey Y Yada, Khin Meng Kheang, Jennie Louise, Alastair J Summerlee, Gavin R Armstrong, Timothy J Green
Background: Anemia affects 45% of women of childbearing age in Cambodia. Iron supplementation is recommended in populations in which anemia prevalence is high. However, there are issues of cost, distribution, and adherence. A potential alternative is a reusable fish-shaped iron ingot, which, when added to the cooking pot, leaches iron into the fluid in which it is prepared.Objective: We sought to determine whether there was a difference in hemoglobin concentrations in rural Cambodian anemic women (aged 18-49 y) who cooked with the iron ingot or consumed a daily iron supplement compared with a control after 1 y...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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