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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785735/pyelo-choledochal-fistulation-on-intraoperative-cholangiogram
#1
Samuel Dickson, Michael Russell, John Slavin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770767/pelvic-abscess-drainage-outcome-with-factors-affecting-the-clinical-success
#2
Devrim Akıncı, Onur Ergun, Çağdaş Topel, Türkmen Çiftçi, Okan Akhan
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the success and complication rates of image-guided pelvic abscess drainage with emphasis on factors affecting the clinical success. METHODS: During a 7-year period, 185 pelvic abscesses were treated in 163 patients under ultrasonography and fluoroscopy (n=140) or computed tomography (n=45) guidance with transabdominal (n=107), transvaginal (n=39), transrectal (n=21) and transgluteal (n=18) approaches. Abscess characteristics (etiology, number, size, intrastructure, microbiological content, presence of fistula), patient demographics (age, sex, presence of malignancy, primary disease, antibiotic treatments), procedure-related factors (guidance method, access route, catheter size) and their effects on clinical success, complications, and duration of catheterization were statistically analyzed...
May 2018: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770108/gc-ms-analysis-of-the-ruminal-metabolome-response-to-thiamine-supplementation-during-high-grain-feeding-in-dairy-cows
#3
Fuguang Xue, Xiaohua Pan, Linshu Jiang, Yuming Guo, Benhai Xiong
Introduction: Thiamine is known to attenuate high-concentrate diet induced subacute ruminal acidosis (SARA) in dairy cows, however, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Objectives: The major objective of this study was to investigate the metabolic mechanisms of thiamine supplementation on high-concentrate diet induced SARA. Methods: Six multiparous, rumen-fistulated Holstein cows were used in a replicated 3 × 3 Latin square design...
2018: Metabolomics: Official Journal of the Metabolomic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767152/rumen-liquor-from-slaughtered-cattle-as-inoculum-for-feed-evaluation
#4
Pius Lutakome, Fred Kabi, Francis Tibayungwa, Germana H Laswai, Abiliza Kimambo, Cyprian Ebong
Use of nonlinear mathematical models has been majorly based on in vitro gas production (GP) data generated when substrates are incubated with rumen liquor from fistulated steers. However, existing evidence suggests that rumen liquor from slaughtered cattle of unknown dietary history also generates quantifiable in vitro GP data. Fitting and description of GP data obtained from 4 diets incubated with rumen liquor from slaughtered cattle was evaluated using single-pool exponential model with discrete lag time (EXPL), logistic (LOG), Groot's (GRTS) and Gompertz (GOMP) models...
September 2017: Animal nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742862/trephine-transverse-colostomy-is-effective-for-patients-who-have-previously-undergone-rectal-surgery
#5
Seung-Seop Yeom, Chan Wook Kim, Sung Woo Jung, Se Heon Oh, Jong Lyul Lee, Yong Sik Yoon, In Ja Park, Seok-Byung Lim, Chang Sik Yu, Jin Cheon Kim
PURPOSE: Colostomy creation is an essential procedure for colorectal surgeons, but the preferred method of colostomy varies by surgeon. We compared the outcomes of trephine colostomy creation with open those for the (laparotomy) and laparoscopic methods and evaluated appropriate indications for a trephine colostomy and the advantages of the technique. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 263 patients who had undergone colostomy creation by trephine, open and laparoscopic approaches between April 2006 and March 2016...
April 2018: Annals of Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742766/cholangioscopy-and-electrohydraulic-lithotripsy-in-the-management-of-fistulated-pancreatic-duct-stones
#6
George Goodchild, Sanjay Sivalokanathan, George Webster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2018: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736839/stricturing-and-fistulizing-crohn-s-disease-is-associated-with-anti-tumor-necrosis-factor-induced-psoriasis-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#7
Adam V Weizman, Robyn Sharma, N M Afzal, Wei Xu, Scott Walsh, Joanne M Stempak, Geoffrey C Nguyen, Ken Croitoru, A Hillary Steinhart, Mark S Silverberg
BACKGROUND: Paradoxical development of psoriasis in patients on anti-TNF agents has been increasingly reported. AIM: The aim was to characterize the prevalence and clinical characteristics of anti-TNF-associated psoriasis in a large cohort of inflammatory bowel disease patients. METHODS: Medical records of patients with Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis treated with anti-TNF therapy at a single, tertiary IBD center were identified between 2004 and 2016...
May 8, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735494/correction-an-unusual-presentation-of-pulmonary-embolism-leading-to-infarction-cavitation-abscess-formation-and-bronchopleural-fistulation
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 7, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732505/prophylactic-mesh-reinforcement-of-stomas-a-cost-effectiveness-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#9
J M Findlay, C P J Wood, C Cunningham
BACKGROUND: Previous meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) have suggested a reduction in parastomal hernias (PSH) with prophylactic mesh. However, concerns persist regarding variably supportive evidence and cost. We performed an updated systematic review and meta-analysis to inform a novel cost-effectiveness analysis. METHODS: The PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Centre Register of Controlled Trials databases were searched (February 2018). We included RCTs assessing mesh reinforcement during stoma formation...
May 7, 2018: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731315/multiple-neurosurgical-treatments-for-different-members-of-the-same-family-with-currarino-syndrome
#10
N Serratrice, L Fievet, F Albader, D Scavarda, H Dufour, S Fuentes
INTRODUCTION: Currarino's syndrome (CS) is an autosomal dominant disorder of embryonic development causing a rare malformating syndrome characterized by a triad of an anorectal malformations, presacral mass (most commonly an anterior sacral meningocele) and sacral bony defects. Mutations of the HLXB9 gene have been identified in most CS cases, but a precise genotype-phenotype correlation has not been described so far. Family screening is obligatory. The diagnosis is usually made during childhood and rarely in adulthood...
May 3, 2018: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730514/breastfeeding-difficulty-after-polyacrylamide-hydrogel-paag-mediated-breast-augmentation
#11
Rami Mossad Ibrahim, Elisabeth Lauritzen, Caspar Weel Krammer
INTRODUCTION: Breast augmentation using polyacrylamide hydrogel (PAAG) has been routinely used in the past as a minimal invasive procedure. However, several patients undergoing this procedure have started to report complications. We report a case of breast augmentation using PAAG leading to a delayed infection and breastfeeding complication. CLINICAL CASE: A 36-year-old Danish female who was treated with PAAG fifteen years earlier, presented with difficulty in breastfeeding and fistulation...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722891/management-of-crohn-s-disease-and-complications-in-patients-with-ostomies
#12
Xinying Wang, Bo Shen
Fecal diversion with ostomy construction can be a temporary or definitive surgical measure for the treatment of refractory inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, the fecal diversion surgery is associated with various stoma, peristomal complications, and recurrence or occurrence of de novo small bowel Crohn's disease (CD). Stoma complications often need enterostomal therapy or surgical revision. Peristomal cutaneous lesions, such as pyoderma gangrenosum, usually require immunomodulator or biological therapy...
May 2, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716451/pancreaticopleural-fistula-a-rare-cause-of-pleural-empyema
#13
Wies Vanderbruggen, Vicky Dhooghe, Bart Bracke, Vera Hartman, Geert Roeyen, Dirk Ysebaert, Paul Van Schil, Thiery Chapelle
AIM: Pancreaticopleural fistula (PPF) is a rare complication of acute or chronic pancreatitis. When the pancreatic duct disrupts, pancreatic fluid may leak into the retroperitoneum and fistulate into the pleural cavity. Patients usually present with thoracic complaints, making it hard to suspect an abdominal etiology. Although PPF is uncommon, one must consider this diagnosis in patients with thoracic complaints and a history of alcohol abuse or pancreatitis. METHODS: We present an illustrative case and review of the literature on PPF...
May 2, 2018: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705420/short-communication-in-vitro-rumen-gas-production-and-starch-degradation-of-starch-based-feeds-depend-on-mean-particle-size
#14
A Gallo, G Giuberti, A S Atzori, F Masoero
Our objective was to model the effect of mean particle size (mPS) on in vitro rumen starch degradation (IVSD) and the kinetics of gas production for different starch-based feeds. For each feed, 2 batches of the same grains were separately processed through 2 different mills (cutter or rotor speed mills), with or without different screens to achieve a wide range of mPS (0.32 to 3.31 mm for corn meals; 0.19 to 2.81 mm for barley meals; 0.16 to 2.13 mm for wheat meals; 0.28 to 2.32 mm for oat meals; 0.21 to 2...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705160/percutaneous-closure-of-a-fistulous-giant-coronary-aneurysm
#15
Gonçalo Pestana, Vânia Ribeiro, Carla Sousa, Cristina Cruz, Mariana Vasconcelos, António Madureira, João Carlos Silva, M Júlia Maciel, Filipe Macedo
Giant coronary artery aneurysms larger than 50 mm are rare and associated with important complications: namely, rupture. Its workup requires comprehensive imaging and standard treatment is surgical exclusion. We present a 60-year-old patient with previous ostium secundum atrial septal defect surgical closure diagnosed with a giant proximal right coronary artery aneurysm (70 x 62 mm) fistulizing into the right atrium. Percutaneous closure of its aortic origin with an atrial septal occluder was successfully performed, and thrombosis of the aneurysm confirmed on angiography and echocardiogram...
February 3, 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704585/the-role-of-human-acellular-dermis-in-preventing-fistulas-after-bladder-neck-transection-in-the-exstrophy-epispadias-complex
#16
Karl S Benz, John Jayman, Mahir Maruf, Gregory Joice, Matthew Kasprenski, Nikolai Sopko, Heather Di Carlo, John Gearhart
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate Human Acellular Dermis (HAD) as an adjunct during Bladder Neck Transection (BNT) by comparing surgical outcomes with other types of tissue interposition. METHODS: A prospectively-maintained institutional database of Exstrophy-Epispadias Complex (EEC) patients was reviewed for those who underwent a BNT with at least 6 months follow-up. The primary outcome was the occurrence of BNT-related fistulas. RESULTS: In total, 147 EEC patients underwent a BNT with a mean follow-up time of 6...
April 25, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688401/anal-fistulas-in-severe-perineal-crohn-s-disease-mri-assessment-in-the-determination-of-long-term-healing-rates
#17
Charlène Brochard, Amandine Landemaine, Alexandre Merlini L'Heritier, Marie Provost Dewitte, Belinda Tchoundjeu, Tanguy Rohou, Aurélien Garros, Guillaume Bouguen, Laurent Siproudhis
Background & Aims: The European Crohn's and Colitis Organization recommends magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of anal fistulas to decide on the drug/surgery strategy. No evidence is available on the long-term impact of MRI features on fistula healing. The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefit of combined drug/surgery strategies for the treatment of perianal Crohn's fistulas based on MRI factors at referral. Methods: The clinical event (anal abscess, new fistula tract, cellulitis), therapeutic intervention (introduction/optimization of immunosuppressant/biologics, anal surgery, intestinal resection, stoma), and MRI data were prospectively recorded for patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and anal fistulas...
April 20, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670872/a-challenging-treatment-decision-for-a-rare-association-case-report-of-familial-turcot-syndrome-with-fistulizing-crohn-s-disease
#18
Montserrat Corbera-Hincapie, Genie L Beasley
Turcot syndrome and fistulizing Crohn's disease (CD) are two disease entities that are not usually associated with one another, particularly given the rarity of the former. This is a case of a pediatric patient with fistulizing CD treated with biologic therapy, who was later found to have Turcot syndrome. Management of this rare combination of diseases can present several challenges, as surgical options may be limited and chronic immunosuppression to treat CD may lead to accelerated progression of malignancy in Turcot syndrome...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653080/surgical-treatment-of-native-and-prosthetic-aortic-infection-with-xenopericardial-tube-grafts
#19
Maximilian Kreibich, Matthias Siepe, Julia Morlock, Friedhelm Beyersdorf, Stoyan Kondov, Johannes Scheumann, Fabian A Kari, Tim Berger, Holger Schröfel, Bartosz Rylski, Martin Czerny
BACKGROUND: To report our results of surgical treatment of native and prosthetic aortic infection with xenopericardial tube-grafts from the ascending aorta to beyond the bifurcation. METHODS: Within a 28-month period, 20 patients were treated with a bovine self-made pericardial tube graft to replace infected vascular grafts (after conventional surgical aortic replacement or endovascular stentgraft implantation) or to treat a contaminated surgical site. An integrated standardized therapeutic concept was applied in all patients consisting of complete removal of the infected prosthetic material, extensive debridement, and orthotopic vascular reconstruction with self-made tube grafts constructed from a bovine pericardial patch...
April 10, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642659/in-vitro-evaluations-of-rhus-succedanea-extracts-for-ruminants
#20
Sung Sill Lee, Do Hyung Kim, Shin Ja Lee, Da Som Oh, Il Dong Lee, Jun Sik Eom, Ha Young Park, Sung Ho Choi
Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of additional levels of Rhus succedanea extracts on in vitro ruminal fermentation and microbial growth. Methods: Two ruminally-fistulated steer consuming 600 g/kg timothy and 400 g/kg cracked corn-based concentrate with free access to water and mineral block were used as rumen fluid donors. In vitro batch fermentation supplied by the timothy as a substrate was conducted for up to 72 h with Rhus succedanea extracts which was dosed to achieve final concentrations of 0, 10, 30, 50, 70, and 90 mg/L, respectively...
April 12, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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