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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327964/endoscopic-removal-of-gastrointestinal-foreign-bodies-in-two-african-grey-parrots-psittacus-erithacus-and-a-hyacinth-macaw-anodorhynchus-hyacinthinus
#1
Robert J Cotton, Stephen J Divers
Two African grey parrots ( Psittacus erithacus) and one hyacinth macaw ( Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus) were examined because of varying clinical signs ranging from general lethargy to seizure-like episodes and regurgitation. Radiography and fluoroscopy in the 3 birds demonstrated variable degrees of gastric abnormalities, suggesting the presence of foreign material or stricture-like defects. Upper gastrointestinal rigid endoscopy by ingluviotomy revealed foreign bodies that were removed endoscopically. Minor postoperative complications were pulmonary congestion or mild aspiration and cardiac arrhythmia, both of which resolved, and no serious deleterious effects were associated with endoscopy in the short or long term...
December 2017: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325163/trans-ethnic-evaluation-identifies-novel-low-frequency-loci-associated-with-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentrations
#2
Jaeyoung Hong, Kathryn E Hatchell, Jonathan P Bradfield, Bjonnes Andrew, Chesi Alessandra, Lai Chao-Qiang, Carl D Langefeld, Lingyi Lu, Yingchang Lu, Pamela L Lutsey, Solomon K Musani, Mike A Nalls, Cassianne Robinson-Cohen, Jeffery D Roizen, Richa Saxena, Katherine L Tucker, Julie T Ziegler, Dan E Arking, Joshua C Bis, Eric Boerwinkle, Erwin P Bottinger, Donald W Bowden, Vincente Gilsanz, Denise K Houston, Heidi J Kalkwarf, Andrea Kelly, Joan M Lappe, Yongmei Liu, Erin D Michos, Sharon E Oberfield, Nicholette D Palmer, Jerome I Rotter, Bishwa Sapkota, John A Shepherd, James G Wilson, Saonli Basu, Ian H de Boer, Jasmin Divers, Barry I Freedman, Struan F A Grant, Hakon Hakanarson, Tamara B Harris, Bryan R Kestenbaum, Stephen B Kritchevsky, Ruth J F Loos, Jill M Norris, Arnita F Norwood, Jose M Ordovas, James S Pankow, Bruce M Psaty, Dharambir K Sanhgera, Lynne E Wagenknecht, Babette S Zemel, James Meigs, Josée Dupuis, Jose C Florez, Thomas Wang, Ching-Ti Liu, Corinne D Engelman, Liana K Billings
Context: Vitamin D inadequacy is common in the adult population of the United States. While the genetic determinants underlying vitamin D inadequacy have been studied in people of European ancestry, less is known in Hispanic or African ancestry populations. Objective: The TRANSCEN-D (TRANS-ethniC Evaluation of vitamiN D GWAS) consortium was assembled to replicate genetic associations with 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations from the meta-analyses of European ancestry (SUNLIGHT) and to identify novel genetic variants related to vitamin D concentrations in African and Hispanic ancestries...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324887/the-tracked-roaming-transect-and-distance-sampling-methods-increase-the-efficiency-of-underwater-visual-censuses
#3
Alejo J Irigoyen, Irene Rojo, Antonio Calò, Gastón Trobbiani, Noela Sánchez-Carnero, José A García-Charton
Underwater visual census (UVC) is the most common approach for estimating diversity, abundance and size of reef fishes in shallow and clear waters. Abundance estimation through UVC is particularly problematic in species occurring at low densities and/or highly aggregated because of their high variability at both spatial and temporal scales. The statistical power of experiments involving UVC techniques may be increased by augmenting the number of replicates or the area surveyed. In this work we present and test the efficiency of an UVC method based on diver towed GPS, the Tracked Roaming Transect (TRT), designed to maximize transect length (and thus the surveyed area) with respect to diving time invested in monitoring, as compared to Conventional Strip Transects (CST)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319576/are-gillies-ten-commandments-just-as-commanding-today
#4
Andrew James Diver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315966/new-and-emerging-drug-treatments-for-severe-asthma
#5
S Diver, R J Russell, C Brightling
Asthma is a common chronic inflammatory condition of the airways affecting over 300 million people worldwide. In 5-10% of cases it is severe, with disproportionate healthcare resource utilisation including costs associated with frequent exacerbations and the long-term health effects of systemic steroids. Characterisation of inflammatory pathways in severe asthma has led to development of targeted biological and small molecule therapies which aim to achieve disease control whilst minimising corticosteroid-associated morbidity...
January 8, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309525/cerebral-structure-and-cognitive-performance-in-african-americans-and-european-americans-with-type-2-diabetes
#6
Fang-Chi Hsu, Kaycee M Sink, Christina E Hugenschmidt, Jeff D Williamson, Timothy M Hughes, Nicholette D Palmer, Jianzhao Xu, S Carrie Smith, Benjamin C Wagner, Christopher T Whitlow, Donald W Bowden, Joseph A Maldjian, Jasmin Divers, Barry I Freedman
Background: African Americans typically perform worse than European Americans on cognitive testing. Contributions of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and educational quality to cognitive performance and brain volumes were compared in European Americans and African Americans with type 2 diabetes. Methods: Association between MRI-determined cerebral volumes of white matter (WMV), gray matter (GMV), white matter lesions (WMLV), hippocampal GMV, and modified mini mental state exam (3MSE), digit symbol coding (DSC), Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT), Stroop, and verbal fluency performance were assessed in Diabetes Heart Study Memory IN Diabetes participants...
January 4, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308847/comprehensive-overview-of-haemoglobin-mass-and-blood-volume-in-elite-athletes-across-a-wide-range-of-different-sporting-disciplines
#7
Irina Zelenkova, Sergey Zotkin, Pavel Korneev, Sergey Koprov, Alexandr Grushin
BACKGROUND: Comparison of total haemoglobin mass (tHb-mass) and blood volume (BV) across elite athletes different sporting specialisations. METHODS: 222 members of Russian national teams from 12 different disciplines and non Olympic competitive season for tHb-mass, BV, plasma volume (PV), haemoglobin concentration (Hb), and hematocrit level (Hct) determination. tHb-mass measurements were performed using CO-rebreathing technique, alongside Hb and Hct (capillary blood)...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306625/epidemiology-of-morbidity-and-mortality-in-us-and-canadian-recreational-scuba-diving
#8
P Buzzacott, D Schiller, J Crain, P J Denoble
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates morbidity and mortality suffered by divers in the USA and Canada. STUDY DESIGN: Prospectively recruited probability-weighted sample for estimating the national burden of injury and a weighted retrospective survey for estimating exposure. METHODS: The National Electronic Surveillance System and Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (CHIRPP) were searched for scuba diving injuries. The Divers Alert Network diving fatality database was searched for deaths, and Sports and Fitness Industry Association estimates for diving were obtained from annual surveys...
January 4, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299780/the-key-roles-of-negative-pressure-breathing-and-exercise-in-the-development-of-interstitial-pulmonary-edema-in-professional-male-scuba-divers
#9
Olivier Castagna, Jacques Regnard, Emmanuel Gempp, Pierre Louge, François Xavier Brocq, Bruno Schmid, Anne-Virginie Desruelle, Valentin Crunel, Adrien Maurin, Romain Chopard, David Hunter MacIver
BACKGROUND: Immersion pulmonary edema is potentially a catastrophic condition; however, the pathophysiological mechanisms are ill-defined. This study assessed the individual and combined effects of exertion and negative pressure breathing on the cardiovascular system during the development of pulmonary edema in SCUBA divers. METHODS: Sixteen male professional SCUBA divers performed four SCUBA dives in a freshwater pool at 1 m depth while breathing air at either a positive or negative pressure both at rest or with exercise...
January 3, 2018: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297816/effects-of-a-light-emitting-diode-on-the-production-of-cholecalciferol-and-associated-blood-parameters-in-the-bearded-dragon-pogona-vitticeps
#10
Lara Cusack, Sam Rivera, Brad Lock, Daniel Benboe, David Brothers, Stephen Divers
The importance of vitamin D3 has been documented in multiple reptile species, with deficiencies resulting in alterations in calcium homeostasis, including nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism. Though vitamin D3 can be obtained directly from dietary sources or from photobiosynthetic production, species variability in diet and behavior makes exposure to ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation an essential requirement for some diurnal species. The effect of different bulbs to promote synthesis of cholecalciferol (vitamin D3) in the bearded dragon ( Pogona vitticeps) was evaluated...
December 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288213/big-asthma-data-getting-bigger-and-more-beautiful
#11
EDITORIAL
Sarah Diver, Chris E Brightling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287616/the-distribution-of-benthic-foraminifera-in-bel-torrente-submarine-cave-sardinia-italy-and-their-environmental-significance
#12
Elena Romano, Luisa Bergamin, Giancarlo Pierfranceschi, Claudio Provenzani, Andrea Marassich
The use of benthic foraminifera as ecological indicators in submarine caves of temperate seas have never been studied before and it represents a new approach, verified by this research. The Bel Torrente submarine cave (Gulf of Orosei, Sardinia, Italy) was surveyed by GUE (Global Underwater Explorers) scuba divers in order to georeferencing the cave before positioning the sampling stations, from the entrance to 430 m inside the cave. A total of 15 water samples were collected to investigate abiotic parameters (temperature, salinity, pH) while 15 sediment samples were collected to analyze grain size and benthic foraminifera...
December 20, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284371/glyphosate-residues-in-swiss-market-foods-monitoring-and-risk-evaluation
#13
Otmar Zoller, Peter Rhyn, Heinz Rupp, Jürg A Zarn, Christoph Geiser
A total of 243 samples of divers foodstuffs were analysed for glyphosate and AMPA using an LC/MS/MS method with a relatively low LOQ in the range of 0.0005 to 0.0025 mg kg-1. Main contributors for dietary glyphosate and AMPA intake were cereals and pulses. The results suggest that pasta is a very important foodstuff for dietary glyphosate residue intake in Switzerland. Interestingly all samples of wine, fruit juice and nearly all samples of honey tested positive for glyphosate although at very low levels. A dietary risk assessment was conducted...
December 28, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part B, Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281198/alternobaric-vertigo-and-facial-baroparesis-caused-by-scuba-diving-and-relieved-by-chewing-pineapple-a-case-report
#14
Adam Bender-Heine, Zachary W Dillard, Matthew J Zdilla
Equalization of middle ear pressure is an important consideration for scuba divers. When middle ear pressure is asymmetric, a diver may experience alternobaric vertigo. Moreover, individuals with an underlying temporal bone dehiscence are predisposed to facial baroparesis. An understanding on behalf of fellow divers and emergency responders to recognize and differentiate facial baroparesis from decompression illness is critical. Misdiagnosis may lead to inappropriate treatment or unwarranted stoppage of diving...
November 2017: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281197/smoking-cessation-program-among-naval-diver-trainees-in-the-republic-of-singapore-navy
#15
Jake Jk Goh
BACKGROUND: Since 2016, the Naval Diving Unit (NDU) of the Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN) has instituted a smoking cessation trial program for their trainees, instituting a blanket ban on smoking during training hours in order to promote smoking cessation and create a smoke-free culture among its servicemen. For the rest of RSN personnel, they would attend a more costly, established Health Promotion Board (HPB) smoking cessation program, which employs social support strategies, while they undergo basic training in the Navy Military Experts Institute (NMI)...
November 2017: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281196/effects-of-prolonged-and-repeated-immersions-on-heart-rate-variability-and-complexity-in-military-divers
#16
Nathaniel T Berry, Laurie Wideman, Christopher K Rhea, Jeffrey D Labban, Ki H Chon, Barbara E Shykoff, Jay Harran, John P Florian
BACKGROUND: The influence of prolonged and repeated water immersions on heart rate variability (HRV) and complexity was examined in 10 U.S. Navy divers who completed six-hour resting dives on five consecutive days. Pre-dive and during-dive measures were recorded daily. METHODS: Dependent variables of interest were average heart rate (HR), time-domain measures of HRV [root mean square of successive differences of the normal RR (NN) interval (RMSSD), standard deviation of the NN interval (SDNN)], frequency-domain measures of HRV [low-frequency power spectral density (psd) (LFpsd), low-frequency normalized (LFnu), high-frequency psd (HFpsd), high-frequency normalized (HFnu), low-frequency/ high-frequency ratio (LF/HF)], and non-linear dynamics of HRV [approximate entropy (ApEn)]...
November 2017: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281195/physiological-responses-to-prolonged-saturation-diving-a-field-based-pilot-study
#17
Sanjoy Deb, Katherine Burgess, Paul Swinton, Eimear Dolan
This study aimed to assess the effect of extreme environmental exposure during an operational saturation dive on airway inflammation (exhaled nitric oxide (FeNo)), components of fitness (flexibility and aerobic capacity) and blood hematological variables. Six saturation divers, who undertook a 26±0.5 day operational saturation dive were recruited to take part in this study. Participants completed a field-based repeated measure test battery on three occasions (pre-dive, post-dive and 24 hours after saturation dive)...
November 2017: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281194/the-dewey-monitor-pulse-oximetry-can-independently-detect-hypoxia-in-a-rebreather-diver
#18
Rachel M Lance, Michael J Natoli, Sophia A S Dunworth, John J Freiberger, Richard E Moon
Rebreather diving has one of the highest fatality rates per man hour of any diving activity in the world. The leading cause of death is hypoxia, typically from equipment or procedural failures. Hypoxia causes very few symptoms prior to causing loss of consciousness. Additionally, since the electronics responsible for controlling oxygen levels in rebreathers often control their alarm systems, frequently divers do not receive any external warnings. This study investigated the use of a forehead pulse oximeter as an independent warning device in the event of rebreather failure...
November 2017: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242701/a-software-tool-for-the-annotation-of-embolic-events-in-echo-doppler-audio-signals
#19
Paola Pierleoni, Lorenzo Maurizi, Lorenzo Palma, Alberto Belli, Simone Valenti, Alessandro Marroni
The use of precordial Doppler monitoring to prevent decompression sickness (DS) is well known by the scientific community as an important instrument for early diagnosis of DS. However, the timely and correct diagnosis of DS without assistance from diving medical specialists is unreliable. Thus, a common protocol for the manual annotation of echo Doppler signals and a tool for their automated recording and annotation are necessary. We have implemented original software for efficient bubble appearance annotation and proposed a unified annotation protocol...
2017: Biomedical Informatics Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241237/delayed-hyperbaric-intervention-in-life-threatening-decompression-illness
#20
Michael Fm Perez, Janet V Ongkeko Perez, April R Serrano, Maravic P Andal, Maria Cc Aldover
Arterial gas embolism is a catastrophic event. Bubbles in the arterial circulation may lodge in the brain and cause infarction in the affected area and/or in a coronary vessel causing acute myocardial ischaemia. There is no well-defined window of time beyond which a response to hyperbaric oxygen is not expected. Major improvement may occur if the patient is treated as soon as possible, but is less likely in divers with severe decompression illness who have delayed intervention. We report on a 51-year-old, male rebreather diver who suffered loss of consciousness and cardiovascular collapse within minutes of a 30-metre deep dive at a remote Micronesian dive site...
December 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
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