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Breast feeding,

Tiffany Field
The increasing prevalence of postnatal anxiety highlights the need for summarizing the recent research on this condition to inform screening and intervention efforts. This narrative review of the literature was derived from a search on PubMed and PsycINFO for papers published since 2010. The demographic risk factors for postnatal anxiety include being a young mother, having more education and being employed. Childbirth risk factors include being primiparous in one sample and multiparous in another, caesarean delivery, fear of the birth and of death during delivery, lack of control during labor, low self-confidence for the delivery and the delivery staff, and premature delivery...
March 12, 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
Chen Chen, Nicole J Mitchell, Jean Gratz, Eric R Houpt, Yunyun Gong, Patricia A Egner, John D Groopman, Ronald T Riley, Jency L Showker, Erling Svensen, Estomih R Mduma, Crystal L Patil, Felicia Wu
Growth impairment is a major public health issue for children in Tanzania. The question remains as to whether dietary mycotoxins play a role in compromising children's growth. We examined children's exposures to dietary aflatoxin and fumonisin and potential impacts on growth in 114 children under 36 months of age in Haydom, Tanzania. Plasma samples collected from the children at 24 months of age (N = 60) were analyzed for aflatoxin B1 -lysine (AFB1 -lys) adducts, and urine samples collected between 24 and 36 months of age (N = 94) were analyzed for urinary fumonisin B1 (UFB1 )...
March 12, 2018: Environment International
Anne Munck, Rym Boulkedid, Laurence Weiss, Pierre Foucaud, Nathalie Wizla-Derambure, Philippe Reix, François Bremont, Jocelyne Derelle, Julien Schroedt, Corinne Alberti
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate nutritional status and associated factors in a cystic fibrosis (CF) cohort diagnosed by newborn screening and followed up to month 24. METHODS: A prospective longitudinal multicenter study assessing nutritional status according to pancreatic status, feeding modalities, prescriptions, pulmonary outcome and biological nutritional parameters. RESULTS: One-hundred-and-five infants were recruited and 99 completed the study...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Newell Fischer
An eighty-year-old man reports a recurrent nightmare involving a gummy substance being stuffed into his mouth and, despite his anxiety-driven efforts, being unable to remove it. A narrative of his neonatal years is developed and it is speculated that this nightmare is a rekindling of his very distressful breast feeding experience-an experience memorialized in his earliest pre-representational memory. Rich clinical reports of preverbal infant trauma help elucidate the earliest infant-mother dyad.
February 2018: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
Jing Jing Wang, Yang Gao, Patrick W C Lau
Background: Childhood overweight is a crucial public health concern. Recognizing its associated factors can facilitate the establishment of effective prevention strategies. The aim of the present study was to examine the prevalence of overweight in Hong Kong Chinese children and explore its influential factors in relation to family, early-life development and behavior-related issues. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 894 primary school students aged 9-12 years (50...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Science and Fitness
Shan-Xuan Lim, Jia-Ying Toh, Linde van Lee, Wee-Meng Han, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Kok-Hian Tan, Fabian Yap, Keith M Godfrey, Yap-Seng Chong, Mary Foong-Fong Chong
Adequate nutrition during complementary feeding is important for the growth, development and well-being of children. We aim to examine the energy and macronutrient intake composition and their main food sources in a mother-offspring cohort study in Singapore. The diets of infants were assessed by 24 h dietary recalls or food diaries collected from mothers when their offspring were 6 (n = 760), 9 (n = 893) and 12 (n = 907) months of age. Food sources of energy and macronutrients were determined using the population proportion methodology...
March 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Rachel M Burke, Paulina A Rebolledo, Anna M Aceituno, Rita Revollo, Volga Iñiguez, Mitchel Klein, Carolyn Drews-Botsch, Juan S Leon, Parminder S Suchdev
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency (ID) is the most common micronutrient deficiency worldwide, with potentially severe consequences on child neurodevelopment. Though exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is recommended for 6 months, breast milk has low iron content. This study aimed to estimate the effect of the length of EBF on iron status at 6 - 8 months of age among a cohort of Bolivian infants. METHODS: Mother-infant pairs were recruited from 2 hospitals in El Alto, Bolivia, and followed from one through 6 - 8 months of age...
March 12, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Wolfgang Miehsler, Clemens Dejaco, Hans-Peter Gröchenig, Harry Fuchssteiner, Christoph Högenauer, Lili Kazemi-Shirazi, Harald Maier, Andreas Mayer, Alexander Moschen, Walter Reinisch, Wolfgang Petritsch, Reingard Platzer, Pius Steiner, Herbert Tilg, Harald Vogelsang, Heimo Wenzl, Gottfried Novacek
Anti-TNFα-antibodies have revolutionized the therapy of inflammatory bowel diseases and other immune-mediated inflammatory diseases. Due to the increasing application of these substances, the Working Group of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases of the Austrian Association of Gastroenterology and Hepatology intended to update their consensus report on the safe use of Infliximab (published in 2010) and to enlarge its scope to cover all anti-TNFα-antibodies. The present consensus report summarizes the current evidence on the safe use of anti-TNFα-antibodies and covers the following topics: general risk of infection, bacterial infections (i...
March 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
S Druyan, M Ruzal, D Shinder, A Haron
The prenatal circulatory system is adaptive and capable of plasticity designed for the needs of the growing tissue. When a broiler embryo is faced with hypoxic stress, the process of angiogenesis in tissues begins. Exposure to hypoxic conditions of 17% oxygen during the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) development (E5 to E12) affected the circulatory system and contributed to an increase in the blood oxygen carrying capacity. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of hypoxic exposure during CAM development on post-hatch performance of broilers and to examine whether hypoxic exposure improved sustainability of birds exposed to acute heat stress...
March 8, 2018: Poultry Science
Megan R Kwon, Eileen Cress, W Andrew Clark, Arsham Alamian, Yongke Lu, Jonathan M Peterson
Background: C1q TNF related protein 3 (CTRP3) is a relatively novel hormonal factor primarily derived from adipose tissue and has anti-diabetic properties. To determine if CTRP3 could play a role in early childhood development, the purpose of this study was to establish the presence of CTRP3 in breast milk (BM) and to determine whether CTRP3 levels were correlated with pregravid obesity status of the mother. Methods: Breast milk was collected from breast-feeding mothers who had a pregravid body mass index (BMI) classification of normal weight (BMI 18-25 kg/m2 , n = 23) or obese (BMI > 30 kg/m2 , n = 14)...
2018: PeerJ
Akimitsu Yamada, Masayuki Nagahashi, Tomoyoshi Aoyagi, Wei-Ching Huang, Santiago Lima, Nitai C Hait, Aparna Maiti, Kumiko Kida, Krista P Terracina, Hiroshi Miyazaki, Takashi Ishikawa, Itaru Endo, Michael R Waters, Qianya Qi, Li Yan, Sheldon Milstien, Sarah Spiegel, Kazuaki Takabe
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), a bioactive sphingolipid mediator, has been implicated in regulation of many processes important for breast cancer progression. Previously we observed that S1P is exported out of human breast cancer cells by ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter ABCC1, but not by ABCB1, both known multidrug resistance proteins that efflux chemotherapeutic agents. However, the pathological consequences of these events to breast cancer progression and metastasis has not been elucidated. Here, it is demonstrated that high expression of ABCC1, but not ABCB1, is associated with poor prognosis in breast cancer patients...
March 9, 2018: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
S Tasharofi, F Mohammadi, N Amiri, M N Nazem
This study carried out to investigate the effects of intra-yolk-sac injection (IYSI) of some solutions including 1 ml of distilled water, dextrose 20% and albumin 20% on hatch percentage, performance traits, jejunum morphology, glycogen content of liver and breast and serum metabolites in broilers (Ross 308). Fertile eggs were injected into the yolk sac at day 8 of incubation period. Results showed that hatchability, absolute body weight (BW), feed intake (FI) and feed conversion ratio (FCR) at day 7 and 14 of growing period were not different among treatments, but in comparison with control group, BW and FCR were numerally better by IYSI of albumin...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Silvia Burlina, Maria Grazia Dalfrà, Annunziata Lapolla
The prevalence of gestational diabetes in the developed world is increased and parallels that of obesity. Apart from the maternal and fetal complications occurring during pregnancy, GDM is characterized by a high subsequent risk of type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular disease. In this paper, we outline the different factors to consider in assessing the future risk of diabetes developing in women with a history of GDM. Looking at the modifiable risk factors, it is worth noting that promoting a healthy diet and lifestyle before (physical activity), during and after pregnancy (breast feeding) in women of fertile age are fundamental to the success of efforts to reduce the burden of diabetes in these young people...
March 5, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Jean-François Ghersi-Egea, Elodie Saudrais, Nathalie Strazielle
Drug bioavailability to the developing brain is a major concern in the treatment of neonates and infants as well as pregnant and breast-feeding women. Central adverse drug reactions can have dramatic consequences for brain development, leading to major neurological impairment. Factors setting the cerebral bioavailability of drugs include protein-unbound drug concentration in plasma, local cerebral blood flow, permeability across blood-brain interfaces, binding to neural cells, volume of cerebral fluid compartments, and cerebrospinal fluid secretion rate...
March 7, 2018: Pharmaceutical Research
P Jariyahatthakij, B Chomtee, T Poeikhampha, W Loongyai, C Bunchasak
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of supplementing methionine (Met) in a low-protein (Low-CP) diet during d 11 to 24 and subsequently feeding with a low-metabolizable energy diet (Low-ME; -75 kcal/kg) or a normal ME diet during d 25 to 42 on the productive performance, blood chemical profile, and lipid metabolism-related gene expression of broiler chickens. The 1,600 broiler chicks were divided into 5 groups as follows: 1) Normal CP, then Normal ME; 2) Low-CP, then Normal ME; 3) Low-CP, then Low-ME; 4) Low-CP+Met, then Normal ME; and 5) Low-CP+Met, then Low-ME...
March 5, 2018: Poultry Science
F P Martins-Celini, W A Gonçalves-Ferri, D C Aragon, J P Bernichi, C Calixto, E M F Sacramento, M A Santos, F E Martinez
The ideal feeding for premature babies has been the source of extensive debate. The aim of this study was to assess the association between type of feeding at discharge and the nutritional status of very low birth weight infants. This was a retrospective cohort of preterm babies with birth weight ≤1500 g, born between January 2006 and December 2013. The infants were divided into 3 groups according to type of feeding at discharge: exclusive breast milk (group 1), mixed feeding (group 2) and exclusive artificial formula (group 3)...
January 23, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
Paula Colvara de Souza, Vanessa Souza Gigoski, Camila Lúcia Etges, Lisiane da Rosa Barbosa
PURPOSE: Describe the findings of postoperative clinical evaluation of swallowing in infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) in a reference hospital in southern Brazil. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted postoperatively with infants with medical diagnosis of CHD aged 0-6 months in a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit. Exclusion criteria comprised infants with neurological and respiratory impairments, craniofacial malformation, structural alteration in the upper airways, and suspicion or diagnosis of genetic syndromes...
March 1, 2018: CoDAS
K J Meloche, B I Fancher, D A Emmerson, S F Bilgili, W A Dozier
An experiment was conducted to determine if myopathies of the Pectoralis major muscles are influenced by differences in growth trajectory achieved through a controlled feeding program. Male Yield Plus × Ross 708 broiler chicks were placed into 28 pens (25 birds/pen) equipped with plastic slats to prevent coprophagy. All birds received identical starter (1 to 10 d), grower (11 to 32 d), finisher (33 to 42 d), and withdrawal (43 to 50 d) diets that were formulated to meet or exceed nutrient recommendations of the primary breeder...
March 1, 2018: Poultry Science
S F Long, S Kang, Q Q Wang, Y T Xu, L Pan, J X Hu, M Li, X S Piao
riment was conducted with 126 as-hatched male Arbor Acres chicks (1-d-old, weighing 45.3 ± 0.72 g) to determine the effects of microalgae [MA, containing 29% docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)] on performance, serum composition, carcass trait, antioxidant status, and fatty acid deposition of birds. The birds were allocated randomly to 1 of 3 treatments with 7 replicate pens per treatment (6 birds per pen). The dietary treatments included a control diet [corn-soybean basal diet supplemented with 3% soybean oil (SO), CON], 1% MA diet (basal diet supplemented with 1% MA and 2% SO, 1MA), and 2% MA diet (basal diet supplemented with 2% MA and 1% SO, 2MA)...
March 1, 2018: Poultry Science
H S Cemin, S L Vieira, C Stefanello, L Kindlein, T Z Ferreira, A K Fireman
A study was conducted to evaluate growth performance, carcass and breast yields, and the occurrence and severity of white striping (WS) and wooden breast (WB) myopathies of broilers fed diets supplemented with increasing dietary levels of an organic source of selenium (Zn-L-SeMet). Broilers were fed 6 treatments with 12 replications of 26 birds in a 4-phase feeding program from 1 to 42 days. Corn-soy-based diets were supplemented with 0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, and 1.0 ppm of Zn-L-SeMet. At 42 d, 6 birds were randomly selected from each pen (n = 72) and processed for carcass and breast yields...
February 28, 2018: Poultry Science
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