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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103962/does-breast-feeding-reduce-offspring-junk-food-consumption-during-childhood-examinations-by-socio-economic-status-and-race-ethnicity
#1
Dylan B Jackson, Kecia R Johnson
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether breast-feeding duration and socio-economic status (SES) interact to predict junk food consumption among offspring and whether the interaction differs across racial/ethnic groups. DESIGN: Survey research using a longitudinal panel design. Hierarchical linear regression was used to analyse the data. SETTING: In-home interviews with the child's parents over a 5-year period across the USA. SUBJECTS: Approximately 10 000 American children from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study: Birth Cohort (ECLS-B)...
January 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103777/role-of-iodine-in-metabolism
#2
Szybiński Zbigniew
The natural resources of iodine are seawater, seaweeds and saltpeter-nitrate deposits in Chile. Over 1/3 of the global population is exposed to iodine deficiency, especially in the mountains. Iodine is a component of the thyroid hormones and a strong antioxidant with electric potential of -0.54 V. Iodine as iodide is taken up by the thyroid gland, gastric mucosa, salivary glands and mammary glands in pregnant and breast-feeding women. The transport of iodine to the thyroid gland is regulated by specific enzymes: Natrium-Iodine Symporter, Na+/K+ATP-ase, Pendrin and Apical Iodine Transporter...
January 19, 2017: Recent Patents on Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102957/rf-safety-assessment-of-a-bilateral-four-channel-transmit-receive-7-tesla-breast-coil-sar-versus-tissue-temperature-limits
#3
Thomas M Fiedler, Mark E Ladd, Andreas K Bitz
PURPOSE: The purpose of this work was to perform an RF safety evaluation for a bilateral four-channel transmit/receive breast coil and to determine the maximum permissible input power for which RF exposure of the subject stays within recommended limits. The safety evaluation was done based on SAR as well as on temperature simulations. In comparison to SAR, temperature is more directly correlated with tissue damage, which allows a more precise safety assessment. The temperature simulations were performed by applying three different blood perfusion models as well as two different ambient temperatures...
January 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101779/randomized-controlled-trial-of-topical-emla-and-vapocoolant-spray-for-reducing-pain-during-wdpt-vaccination
#4
Navratan Kumar Gupta, Amit Upadhyay, Ajeet Kumar Dwivedi, Astha Agarwal, Vijay Jaiswal, Abhishek Singh
BACKGROUND: Intramuscular vaccination is among the most common source of iatrogenic pain in infants. Vapocoolant sprays are rapid-acting alternative to topical anesthetics. They provide transient anesthesia via evaporation induced skin cooling, and reduce pain due to vaccine injection in children and adults. The objective was to compare the synergistic analgesic effect of eutectic mixture of local anesthetics (EMLA) with breastfeeding (EB group) and vapocoolant spay with breastfeeding (VB group) to that of only breastfeeding (BO group) during whole cell diptheria, pertussis and tetanus (wDPT) vaccination...
January 19, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100322/-association-between-risk-factors-during-maternal-pregnancy-and-the-neonatal-period-and-childhood-bronchial-asthma
#5
Hui-Qin Zhang, Rui Fan, Jing-Jing Zhang, Xiao-Juan Tao, Xin Sun
OBJECTIVE: To study the association of the risk factors during maternal pregnancy and the neonatal period with childhood bronchial asthma. METHODS: A total of 306 children with asthma (asthma group) and 250 healthy children (control group) were enrolled. Their clinical data during the neonatal period and the maternal data during pregnancy were retrospectively studied. RESULTS: The univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences in the rates of maternal use of antibiotics during pregnancy, use of antibiotics and probiotics during the neonatal period, preterm birth, cesarean section, low birth weight, and breast feeding (>6 months) between the asthma and control groups (P<0...
January 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099227/breast-milk-is-a-potential-vehicle-for-hpv-transmission-to-oral-mucosa-of-the-spouse
#6
Karolina Louvanto, Marja Sarkola, Marjut Rintala, Kari Syrjänen, Seija Grenman, Stina Syrjänen
BACKGROUND: HPV DNA has been detected in breast milk but its origin has remained obscure. The aim of the study was to analyze the prevalence and persistence of HPV in breast milk in the Finnish Family HPV cohort study. The association of breast milk HPV positivity with the family members' oral HPV status was evaluated. METHODS: We included 308 families to the study where the mother was breast feeding her offspring. Mothers collected the milk samples manually at day 3, and at months 2, 6 and 12...
January 16, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098052/effect-of-maternal-dietary-counselling-during-the-1st-year-of-life-on-glucose-profile-and-insulin-resistance-at-the-age-of-8-years-a-randomised-field-trial
#7
Cintia S Costa, Paula D B Campagnolo, L H Lumey, Marcia R Vitolo
Education interventions that stimulate complementary feeding practices can improve the nutritional status of children and may protect against future chronic diseases. We assessed the long-term effectiveness of dietary intervention during the 1st year of life on insulin resistance levels, and investigated the relationship between insulin resistance and weight changes over time. A randomised field trial was conducted among 500 mothers who gave birth to full-term infants between October 2001 and June 2002 in a low-income area in São Leopoldo, Brazil...
January 18, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096222/first-infant-formula-type-and-risk-of-islet-autoimmunity-in-the-environmental-determinants-of-diabetes-in-the-young-teddy-study
#8
Sandra Hummel, Andreas Beyerlein, Roy Tamura, Ulla Uusitalo, Carin Andrén Aronsson, Jimin Yang, Anne Riikonen, Åke Lernmark, Marian J Rewers, William A Hagopian, Jin-Xiong She, Olli G Simell, Jorma Toppari, Anette-G Ziegler, Beena Akolkar, Jeffrey P Krischer, Suvi M Virtanen, Jill M Norris
OBJECTIVE: Studies on the introduction of infant formulas and its effect on the risk of islet autoimmunity and type 1 diabetes (T1D) have yielded inconsistent results. We investigated whether the introduction of formula based on hydrolyzed cow's milk as the first formula is associated with reduced islet autoimmunity risk in a large prospective cohort. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study prospectively monitors 8,676 children at increased genetic risk for T1D...
January 17, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095461/the-impact-of-antenatal-depression-on-perinatal-outcomes-in-australian-women
#9
John Eastwood, Felix A Ogbo, Alexandra Hendry, Justine Noble, Andrew Page
BACKGROUND: In Australia, there is limited evidence on the impact of antenatal depression on perinatal outcomes. This study investigates the association between maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy and key perinatal outcomes, including birth weight, gestational age at birth, breastfeeding indicators and postnatal depressive symptoms. METHOD: A retrospective cohort of mothers (N = 17,564) of all infants born in public health facilities within South Western Sydney Local Health District and Sydney Local Health District in 2014, in the state of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, was enumerated from routinely collected antenatal data to investigate the risk of adverse perinatal outcomes associated with maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094019/the-first-model-of-keeping-energy-balance-and-optimal-psycho-affective-development-breastfed-infants
#10
REVIEW
Carlo Agostoni, Alessandra Mazzocchi, Ludovica Leone, Valentina Ciappolino, Giuseppe Delvecchio, Carlo A Altamura, Paolo Brambilla
BACKGROUND: Breastfed infants follow a peculiar growth fashion characterized by a rapid weight gain in the first weeks of life, then followed by a fast decrease in growth rates, a capacity to self-regulate the sense of hungry and satiety, and a minor propensity towards overweight and obesity later on, in parallel with a better neurodevelopmental performance. METHODS: We searched studies investigating the relationship between the feeding mode in infancy and the energy balance, so the possible associations with total energy expenditure and intake regulation...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093897/presence-of-early-stage-cancer-does-not-impair-the-early-protein-metabolic-response-to-major-surgery
#11
Mariëlle P K J Engelen, V Suzanne Klimberg, Arianna Allasia, Nicolaas Ep Deutz
BACKGROUND: Combined bilateral mastectomy and reconstruction is a common major surgical procedure in women with breast cancer and in those with a family history of breast cancer. As this large surgical procedure induces muscle protein loss, a preserved anabolic response to nutrition is warranted for optimal recovery. It is unclear whether the presence of early stage cancer negatively affects the protein metabolic response to major surgery as this would mandate perioperative nutritional support...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093696/secondary-haemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-triggered-by-postnatally-acquired-cytomegalovirus-infection-in-a-late-preterm-infant
#12
Christine Silwedel, Eric Frieauff, Wolfgang Thomas, Johannes G Liese, Christian P Speer
Haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a hyperinflammatory condition with impairment of cytotoxic T-cells and natural killer cells. Causes in infants are mostly hereditary immune defects as well as various infectious triggering factors, amongst these cytomegalovirus (CMV). Vertical CMV transmission may occur in utero, during birth, and by breast feeding. Usually, a CMV infection transmitted via breast milk is symptomatic only in very immature preterm infants. We report on a late preterm infant born after 35 + 5 weeks of gestation with a birth weight of 1840 g, being admitted to our intensive care unit at the age of 9 weeks with acute enteritis and severe dehydration...
January 16, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092212/systemic-medications-used-in-treatment-of-common-dermatological-conditions-safety-profile-with-respect-to-pregnancy-breast-feeding-and-content-in-seminal-fluid
#13
S M Brown, K A Aljefri, R Waas, P J Hampton
: Prescribing for pregnant or lactating patients and male patients wishing to father children can be a difficult area for dermatologists. There is a lack of review articles of commonly used systemic medications in dermatology with respect to their effects on developing embryogenesis and their potential transfer across the placenta, in breast milk and in seminal fluid. This paper aims to provide an up to date summary of evidence to better equip dermatologists to inform patients about the effects of systemic medications commonly used in dermatology to treat conditions such as atopic dermatitis, psoriasis and acne, on current and future embryogenesis and fertility...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090467/early-infant-feeding-practices-may-influence-the-onset-of-symptomatic-celiac-disease
#14
Shailja Vajpayee, Shiv Dayal Sharma, Rajkumar Gupta, Alok Goyal, Aakash Sharma
PURPOSE: To study whether breastfeeding and breastfeeding status during gluten introduction influences the age at diagnosis of celiac disease (CD). In addition to study, whether the timing of gluten introduction influences the age at diagnosis of CD. METHODS: It was a hospital based observational study. Total 198 patients diagnosed with CD as per modified European Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (2012) criteria, aged between 6 months to 6 years were included...
December 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089082/backcasting-to-identify-food-waste-prevention-and-mitigation-opportunities-for-infant-feeding-in-maternity-services
#15
Yvonne Ryan-Fogarty, Genevieve Becker, Richard Moles, Bernadette O'Regan
Food waste in hospitals is of major concern for two reasons: one, healthcare needs to move toward preventative and demand led models for sustainability and two, food system sustainability needs to seek preventative measures such as diet adaptation and waste prevention. The impact of breast-milk substitute use on health services are well established in literature in terms of healthcare implications, cost and resourcing, however as a food demand and waste management issue little has been published to date. This paper presents the use of a desk based backcasting method to analyse food waste prevention, mitigation and management options within the Irish Maternity Service...
January 6, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087376/ir780-loaded-tpgs-tos-micelles-for-breast-cancer-photodynamic-therapy
#16
Cleide Pais-Silva, Duarte de Melo-Diogo, Ilídio J Correia
IR780 iodide is a near-infrared (NIR) dye with a huge potential for cancer imaging and phototherapy. However, its biomedical application is strongly impaired by its lipophilic character. Herein, amphiphilic micelles based on d-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol succinate (TPGS) and d-α-tocopheryl succinate (TOS), two vitamin E derivatives with intrinsic anticancer activity, are explored to load IR780. IR780-loaded micelles with suitable sizes are obtained by using specific TPGS and TOS weight feed ratios during micelles formulation and these are able to encapsulate IR780 with high efficiency...
January 11, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086790/rna-sequencing-for-global-gene-expression-associated-with-muscle-growth-in-a-single-male-modern-broiler-line-compared-to-a-foundational-barred-plymouth-rock-chicken-line
#17
Byung-Whi Kong, Nicholas Hudson, Dongwon Seo, Seok Lee, Bhuwan Khatri, Kentu Lassiter, Devin Cook, Alissa Piekarski, Sami Dridi, Nicholas Anthony, Walter Bottje
BACKGROUND: Modern broiler chickens exhibit very rapid growth and high feed efficiency compared to unselected chicken breeds. The improved production efficiency in modern broiler chickens was achieved by the intensive genetic selection for meat production. This study was designed to investigate the genetic alterations accumulated in modern broiler breeder lines during selective breeding conducted over several decades. METHODS: To identify genes important in determining muscle growth and feed efficiency in broilers, RNA sequencing (RNAseq) was conducted with breast muscle in modern pedigree male (PeM) broilers (n = 6 per group), and with an unselected foundation broiler line (Barred Plymouth Rock; BPR)...
January 13, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086763/the-prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-malnutrition-among-infants-with-cleft-palate-and-or-lip-at-a-hospital-in-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Martin Tungotyo, Daniel Atwine, Deborah Nanjebe, Andrew Hodges, Martin Situma
BACKGROUND: To determine the prevalence and factors associated with malnutrition among infants with Cleft palate and/or cleft lip (CP+/-L) at Comprehensive Rehabilitation for Uganda Hospital (CoRSU) in Uganda. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study done on infants with CP+/-L and their caretakers admitted between November 2013 and October 2014 at CoRSU hospital which was the study setting. A questionnaire was answered by the infants' caretakers. The main outcome measure, malnutrition was defined and classified based on Z-scores obtained using the W...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078789/-breastfeeding-without-baby-a-longitudinal-qualitative-investigation-of-how-mothers-perceive-feel-about-and-practice-human-milk-expression
#19
Julia P Felice, Sheela R Geraghty, Caroline W Quaglieri, Rei Yamada, Adriana J Wong, Kathleen M Rasmussen
Most American mothers who produce human milk (HM) now pump in place of some or all feeding at the breast, and most American infants are now fed pumped HM. We aimed to investigate mothers' perceptions of, attitudes toward, and practices for pumping and providing pumped HM. Results related to pumping are reported here. We conducted in-depth, semi-structured interviews among a diverse sample of 20 mothers who pumped, following each from pregnancy through infant HM-feeding cessation up to 1 year postpartum. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis with Atlas...
January 12, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075338/maternal-exposure-to-pyrethroid-insecticides-during-pregnancy-and-infant-development-at-18-months-of-age
#20
Aya Hisada, Jun Yoshinaga, Jie Zhang, Takahiko Kato, Hiroaki Shiraishi, Kazuhisa Shimodaira, Takashi Okai, Nagako Ariki, Yoko Komine, Miyako Shirakawa, Yumiko Noda, Nobumasa Kato
The possible association between maternal exposure to pyrethroid insecticides (PYRs) during pregnancy and infant development was explored. Levels of exposure to PYRs was assessed by metabolite (3-phenoybenzoic acid, 3-PBA) concentration in maternal spot urine sampled in the first trimester of index pregnancy, and infant development was assessed at 18 months of age using the Kinder Infants Development Scale (KIDS), which is based on a questionnaire to the caretaker. The relationship between KIDS score and maternal urinary 3-PBA levels was examined by a stepwise multiple regression analysis using biological attributes of the mother and infant, breast feeding, and nursing environment as covariates...
January 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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