keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Breast feeding,

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330856/reproductive-history-breast-feeding-and-risk-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer-the-breast-cancer-etiology-in-minorities-bem-study
#1
Esther M John, Lisa M Hines, Amanda I Phipps, Jocelyn Koo, Teri A Longacre, Sue A Ingles, Kathy B Baumgartner, Martha L Slattery, Anna H Wu
Few risk factors have been identified for triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) which lacks expression of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2). This more aggressive subtype disproportionately affects some racial/ethnic minorities and is associated with lower survival. We pooled data from three population-based studies (558 TNBC and 5,111 controls) and examined associations of TNBC risk with reproductive history and breast-feeding. We estimated odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) using multivariable logistic regression...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328393/paediatric-virology-and-its-interaction-between-basic-science-and-clinical-practice-review
#2
Ioannis N Mammas, Anne Greenough, Maria Theodoridou, Anna Kramvis, Maria Rusan, Angeliki Melidou, Paraskevi Korovessi, Georgia Papaioannou, Alexia Papatheodoropoulou, Chryssie Koutsaftiki, Maria Liston, George Sourvinos, Demetrios A Spandidos
The 3rd Workshop on Paediatric Virology, which took place on October 7th, 2017 in Athens, Greece, highlighted the role of breast feeding in the prevention of viral infections during the first years of life. Moreover, it focused on the long-term outcomes of respiratory syncytial virus and rhinovirus infections in prematurely born infants and emphasised the necessity for the development of relevant preventative strategies. Other topics that were covered included the vaccination policy in relation to the migration crisis, mother‑to‑child transmission of hepatitis B and C viruses, vaccination against human papilloma viruses in boys and advances on intranasal live‑attenuated vaccination against influenza...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325547/paracrine-and-epigenetic-control-of-caf-induced-metastasis-the-role-of-hotair-stimulated-by-tgf-%C3%A3-1-secretion
#3
Yu Ren, Huan-Huan Jia, Yi-Qi Xu, Xuan Zhou, Xiao-Hui Zhao, Yun-Fei Wang, Xin Song, Zhi-Yan Zhu, Ting Sun, Yan Dou, Wei-Ping Tian, Xiu-Lan Zhao, Chun-Sheng Kang, Mei Mei
BACKGROUND: The communication between carcinoma associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and cancer cells facilitate tumor metastasis. In this study, we further underlying the epigenetic mechanisms of CAFs feed the cancer cells and the molecular mediators involved in these processes. METHODS: MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells were treated with CAFs culture conditioned medium, respectively. Cytokine antibody array, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, western blotting and immunofluorescence were used to identify the key chemokines...
January 11, 2018: Molecular Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325148/effect-of-dietary-%C3%AE-alanine-supplementation-on-growth-performance-meat-quality-carnosine-content-and-gene-expression-of-carnosine-related-enzymes-in-broilers
#4
Bo Qi, Jing Wang, You-Biao Ma, Shu-Geng Wu, Guang-Hai Qi, Hai-Jun Zhang
The objective of the current study was to investigate the effect of dietary β-alanine supplementation on growth performance, meat quality, antioxidant ability, carnosine content, and gene expression of carnosine-related enzymes in broiler chicks. We randomly assigned 540 1-day-old Arbor Acres broilers to 5 dietary treatments supplemented with 0 (control group), 250, 500, 1,000, or 2,000 mg/kg of β-alanine (mg β-alanine per kg feed). Each treatment included 6 replicates of 18 birds. The feeding trial lasted for 42 d...
January 6, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324318/a-feasibility-study-of-a-multidimensional-breastfeeding-support-intervention-in-ireland
#5
Goiuri Alberdi, Elizabeth J O'Sullivan, Helena Scully, Niamh Kelly, Regina Kincaid, Rosie Murtagh, Stephanie Murray, Denise McGuinness, Ashamole Clive, Mary Brosnan, Lucille Sheehy, Elizabeth Dunn, Fionnuala M McAuliffe
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is the optimum mode of infant feeding. Despite this, most global populations do not achieve the World Health Organisation's recommendation of exclusive breast milk for the first 6 months of life. Irish breastfeeding rates are among the lowest in Europe, necessitating a well-designed breastfeeding-support intervention. AIM: To evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of a multidimensional breastfeeding intervention in a rural and an urban maternity setting in Ireland...
December 24, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317437/infant-feeding-practices-among-hiv-exposed-infants-less-than-6-months-of-age-in-bomet-county-kenya-an-in-depth-qualitative-study-of-feeding-choices
#6
Purity Chepkorir Lang'at, Irene Ogada, Audrey Steenbeek, Noni E MacDonald, Sophie Ochola, Wesley Bor, Godfrey Odinga
BACKGROUND: In children, HIV can be acquired from the mother during pregnancy, delivery and through breast milk. The WHO recommends exclusive breast feeding or exclusive replacement feeding for the first 6 months after birth for HIV-exposed infants. Barriers such as HIV-related stigma, inadequate resources, lack of access to safe water and negative cultural beliefs have been shown to influence infant feeding among HIV-exposed infants in some settings. In Kenya, there is limited literature on the barriers...
January 9, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316209/infant-and-young-child-feeding-in-emergencies-organisational-policies-and-activities-during-the-refugee-crisis-in-lebanon
#7
Linda Shaker-Berbari, Hala Ghattas, Andrew G Symon, Annie S Anderson
Appropriate infant and young child feeding (IYCF) is key to reducing mortality amongst children aged under 2. Facilitating adherence to recommended IYCF practices during emergencies includes having relevant policies to support breastfeeding and complementary feeding as well as regulating the distribution of breast milk substitutes. In the current crisis, more than 1.2 million Syrian refugees are in Lebanon and it is timely to examine organisational IYCF policies and programmes. One hundred and thirty-five non-governmental organisations providing humanitarian aid in Lebanon were invited to participate in an online survey about organisational policies and programmatic activities on IYCF...
January 8, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315586/dietary-enzymatically-treated-artemisia-annua-l-improves-meat-quality-antioxidant-capacity-and-energy-status-of-breast-muscle-in-heat-stressed-broilers
#8
Xiaoli Wan, Hussain Ahmad, Lili Zhang, Zhiyue Wang, Tian Wang
BACKGROUND: Heat stress (HS) is detrimental to animal origin food production. Artemisia annua L., a natural source of phenolic compounds and flavonoids, exhibits antioxidant property. This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary enzymatically treated Artemisia annua L. (EA) supplementation on meat quality, antioxidant capacity and energy status of breast muscle in heat-stressed broilers. RESULTS: The EA inclusion increased the redness value, reduced drip loss, decreased reactive oxygen metabolites and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, increased antioxidant enzyme activities, and reduced the ferric reducing antioxidant power and free radical scavenging abilities of breast muscle in heat-treated broilers...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313173/dietary-deoxynivalenol-does-not-affect-mineral-element-accumulation-in-breast-and-thigh-muscles-of-broiler-chicken
#9
Manfred Sager, Annegret Lucke, Khaled Ghareeb, Manoochehr Allymehr, Qendrim Zebeli, Josef Böhm
Deoxynivalenol (DON), a well-known contaminant of feed, can have negative effects on gut permeability and function in poultry, which then could affect major and trace element content of the broilers' breast and thigh muscles, and ultimately reduce meat quality. To study this hypothesis, DON-contaminated diet was fed to broiler chicks. Two groups of birds were housed in metabolic cages with free access to water and feed, with or without DON (10 mg/kg). After 5 weeks, birds were dissected and samples of the breast and thigh muscles, feed and droppings were analysed for five macro (Ca, K, Mg, Na, and P) and ten micro elements (Al, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Li, Mo, Ni, Pb, Rb, and Zn) by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) or inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (ICP-MS) methods...
January 8, 2018: Mycotoxin Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307590/timing-of-introduction-of-complementary-foods-to-us-infants-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2009-2014
#10
Chloe M Barrera, Heather C Hamner, Cria G Perrine, Kelley S Scanlon
BACKGROUND: Although there has been inconsistency in recommendations regarding the optimal time for introducing complementary foods, most experts agree that introduction should not occur before 4 months. Despite recommendations, studies suggest that 20% to 40% of US infants are introduced to foods at younger than 4 months. Previous studies focused on the introduction of solid foods and are not nationally representative. OBJECTIVE: Our aims were to provide a nationally representative estimate of the timing of introduction of complementary foods and to describe predictors of early (<4 months) introduction...
December 26, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306891/community-pharmacists-services-for-women-during-pregnancy-and-breast-feeding-in-kuwait-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Abdullah Albassam, Abdelmoneim Awad
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to identify the services provided by community pharmacists in Kuwait and their views regarding self-care in pregnancy and lactation. In addition, it determined the pharmacists' recommendations for treatment of pregnancy-related and breast feeding-related ailments. DESIGN: Cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey. SETTING: Community pharmacies in Kuwait. PARTICIPANTS: 207 pharmacies were randomly selected from the Ministry of Health database...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303778/veganism-as-a-cause-of-iodine-deficient-hypothyroidism
#12
Olga Yeliosof, Lawrence A Silverman
BACKGROUND: Iodine deficiency is the most common cause of acquired hypothyroidism worldwide. Although uncommon in the Western world, the incidence of iodine deficiency may be rising due to the increased use of restrictive diets. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a 23-month-old boy diagnosed with iodine deficiency hypothyroidism, induced by a vegan diet. CONCLUSIONS: This case highlights the risk for iodine deficiency in children on a vegan diet after discontinuation of breast/formula feeding that could lead to acquired hypothyroidism...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302553/breastfeeding-practice-and-knowledge-among-women-attending-primary-health-care-centers-in-riyadh-2016
#13
Norah Faleh Al-Mutairi, Yousef Abdullah Al-Omran, P J Parameaswari
Introduction: Breast milk is the best natural essential nutrition to newborns and infants. However, the practice of breastfeeding (BF) has declined in Saudi Arabia. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and practice of BF with their determinants among mothers in Riyadh. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 252 mothers attending the well-baby clinics in Riyadh from March 2016 to May 2017 were selected randomly with their consent and studied by a standardized questionnaire...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302502/helicobacter-pylori-infection-and-risk-factors-in-relation-to-allergy-in-children
#14
Ilva Daugule, Daiga Karklina, Silvija Remberga, Ingrida Rumba-Rozenfelde
Purpose: To analyze presence of Helicobacter pylori infection and environmental risk factors among children with and without allergy. Methods: Parents of children at primary health care centres/kindergartens and allergologist consultation were asked to answer a questionnaire and to bring a faecal sample. H. pylori infection was detected by monoclonal stool antigen test. Prevalence of H. pylori infection and risk factors were compared between individuals with and without allergy using χ2 test, ANOVA test and parameters and logistic regression...
December 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300195/expressing-human-milk-in-the-nicu-coping-mechanisms-and-challenges-shape-the-complex-experience-of-closeness-and-separation
#15
Maude Bujold, Nancy Feeley, Anna Axelin, Claudia Cinquino
BACKGROUND: Human milk has multiple benefits for human health; however, rates of infants receiving human milk at discharge in Canadian neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) are far below recommendations of the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative supported by the Canadian Pediatric Association. Mothers of infants requiring NICU care usually need to express their milk, especially mothers of premature infants, since for some time their infant is unable to feed directly at the breast. Expressing human milk for an extended period can be challenging for mothers...
January 3, 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298968/nutrition-during-breastfeeding-impact-on-human-milk-composition
#16
REVIEW
Agnieszka Bzikowska, Aneta Czerwonogrodzka-Senczyna, Aleksandra Wesołowska, Halina Weker
Breastfeeding or breast milk feeding is a gold standard of feeding of newborns and infants. According to the guidelines of the World Health Organisation exclusive feeding with breast milk should be applied until the end of 6 months of age and should be continued during subsequent months with simultaneous introduction of supplementary food. Composition of breast milk varies and the composition of individual nutrients is affected by, among others, the diet of a breastfeeding mother. The paper aimed to present a literature review in order to assess a correlation between the mother's diet and breast milk composition...
December 22, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295487/infant-feeding-beliefs-attitudes-knowledge-and-practices-of-chinese-immigrant-mothers-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Qun Le, Mary L Greaney
Chinese are a fast-growing immigrant population group in several parts of the world (e.g., Australia, Canada, Europe, Southeast Asia, United States). Research evidence suggests that compared to non-Hispanic whites, individuals of Asian-origin including Chinese are at higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes at a lower body mass index (BMI). These risks may be possibly due to genetic differences in body composition and metabolic responses. Despite the increasing numbers of Chinese children growing up in immigrant families and the increasing prevalence of obesity among Chinese, little research has been focused on children of Chinese immigrant families...
December 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290091/breastfeeding-regulates-development-of-immune-system-through-tgf-%C3%AE-in-mice-pups
#18
Keita Sakaguchi, Akemi Koyanagi, Fumitaka Kamachi, Akiko Harauma, Asako Chiba, Ken Hisata, Toru Moriguchi, Toshiaki Shimizu, Sachiko Miyake
BACKGROUND: Breast milk contains important nutrients and immunoregulatory factors that are essential for newborn infants. Recently, epidemiological studies suggested that breastfeeding prevents a wide range of infectious diseases and lowers the incidence of infant allergic diseases. METHODS: To examine the effects of breast milk in immunological development in infancy, we established an artificial rearing system for hand-feeding mice and compared mouse pups fed with either breast milk or milk substitute...
December 31, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285805/atmospheric-ammonia-alters-lipid-metabolism-related-genes-in-the-livers-of-broilers-gallus-gallus
#19
R N Sa, H Xing, S J Luan, Y B Sun, C Y Sun, H F Zhang
Atmospheric ammonia in animal housing is reported to have adverse effects on livestock performance and animal health. Previous experiments have found that 75 ppm ammonia reduced the production performance and altered body fat distribution quality of broilers. In this study, we examined the body fat distribution, serum metabolites and lipid metabolism gene expression of broiler exposed to ammonia. A total of 400 chickens were randomly allocated to four groups with four replicates and received ammonia treatments at 0, 25, 50 and 75 ppm, respectively, for 3 weeks...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281121/the-associations-of-breast-feeding-with-infant-growth-and-body-mass-index-to-16%C3%A2-years-children-of-1997
#20
Tuck Seng Cheng, Man Ki Kwok, Gabriel M Leung, C Mary Schooling
BACKGROUND: Controversial findings concerning associations of breast feeding with growth have been reported. This study examined whether the associations of breast feeding with early growth trajectories and body mass index to 16 years differed by sex or age. METHODS: In Hong Kong's 'Children of 1997' population-representative birth cohort, contemporaneously reported breast-feeding status in the first 3 months was classified as exclusive breast feeding (BF) (n = 470), mixed feeding (MF) (n = 2693), and formula feeding (FF) (n = 4204)...
December 27, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
keyword
keyword
1300
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"