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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636137/the-experience-of-waiting-for-a-kidney-transplant-a-qualitative-study
#1
Tania Burns, Ritin Fernandez, Moira Stephens
BACKGROUND: In Australia over 1100 people are living on dialysis while waiting for a kidney transplant from a deceased donor. Worldwide there are an estimated 170,000 people who wait an average of three years before an organ becomes available. OBJECTIVE: To provide an understanding of the lived experience of people waiting on dialysis for a kidney transplant from a deceased donor. APPROACH: A qualitative descriptive research design was used...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Renal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635552/temporal-variation-of-fine-and-coarse-particulate-matter-sources-in-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#2
Chris C Lim, George D Thurston, Magdy Shamy, Mansour Alghamdi, Mamdouh Khoder, Abdullah M Mohorjy, Abdulrahman K Alkhalaf, Jason Brocato, Lung Chi Chen, Max Costa
This study provides the first comprehensive analysis of the seasonal variations and weekday/weekend differences in fine (PM2.5) and coarse (PM2.5-10) particulate matter mass concentrations, elemental constituents, and potential source origins in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Air quality samples were collected over one year, from June 2011 to May 2012 at a frequency of three times per week, and analyzed. The average mass concentrations of PM2.5 (21.9 μg/m(3)) and PM10 (107.8 μg/m(3)) during the sampling period exceeded the recommended annual average levels by the World Health Organization (WHO) for PM2...
June 21, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634797/distribution-transfer-and-health-risks-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-pahs-in-soil-wheat-systems-of-henan-province-a-typical-agriculture-province-of-china
#3
Jinglan Feng, Xiaoying Li, Jiahui Zhao, Jianhui Sun
In order to investigate the distribution, transfer, and human health risks of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the soil-wheat systems, soil samples from 20 farmlands and corresponding wheat tissues were collected from selected regions of Henan Province in June 2013 and were analyzed to estimate the concentration of PAHs. The total concentrations of 15 PAHs (∑15 PAHs) in soils from Henan Province varied from 6.91 to 72.4 ng/g. Moreover, two-ring to three-ring PAHs (1.59-29.1 ng/g) were the major species in soils, occupying 56...
June 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634718/mite-communities-acari-mesostigmata-in-young-and-mature-coniferous-forests-after-surface-wildfire
#4
Jacek Kamczyc, Cezary Urbanowski, Emilia Pers-Kamczyc
Density, diversity and assemblage structure of Mesostigmata (cohorts Gamasina and Uropodina) were investigated in Scots pine forests differing in forest age (young: 9-40 years and mature: 83-101 years) in which wildfire occurred. This animal group belongs to the dominant acarine predators playing a crucial role in soil food webs and being important as biological control agents. In total, six forests (three within young and three within mature stands) were inspected in Puszcza Knyszyńska Forest Complex in May 2015...
June 20, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634713/characterization-and-in-vitro-antibacterial-activity-of-saponin-conjugated-silver-nanoparticles-against-bacteria-that-cause-burn-wound-infection
#5
Anbarasan Muniyan, Kalaiselvi Ravi, Udayamathi Mohan, Rajasekar Panchamoorthy
Saponins are glycosides, which destabilize the membrane by altering the membrane permeability. Thus, the present study was aimed to fabricate the silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using fenugreek derived saponin (SN) against multi-drug resistant bacteria. This study has optimized the concentration of SN (240 mg/mL) for the synthesis of an effective AgNPs against the test organism Escherichia coli. The SN reduced AgNPs produced a reddish-brown colour and displayed UV absorption at 416 nm. The bio-reducing efficiency of SN (62...
July 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634622/burned-out-seminoma-revealed-by-solitary-rib-bone-metastasis
#6
Toshihiko Nishisho, Mika Sakaki, Ryo Miyagi, Shoichiro Takao, Koichi Sairyo
Burned-out tumor is a rare phenomenon in which a testicular tumor regresses in the primary lesion and progresses in a metastatic lesion. We report the case of a 30-year-old male with burned-out seminoma revealed by open biopsy of solitary 10th rib bone metastasis. He underwent inguinal orchiectomy, which revealed hyalinization, indicating a spontaneously regressed testicular tumor. Chemotherapy for seminoma was administered in three cycles of bleomycin + etoposide + cisplatin therapy. The chemotherapy was effective, and wide resection of the rib was subsequently performed...
June 21, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634565/home-based-telepsychiatry-in-us-urban-area
#7
Alireza Amirsadri, Jaclynne Burns, Albert Pizzuti, Cynthia L Arfken
Telepsychiatry expands access to psychiatric care. However, telepsychiatry for elderly adults is only reimbursed in the US if the patient is assessed while in a clinical setting. This case study presents a homebound older woman previously hospitalized for schizophrenia who had not seen a psychiatrist in over 20 years. Care was provided with hybrid telepsychiatry (team-based practice with social worker traveling to the home with electronic tablet for connection with psychiatrist). The intervention resulted in detecting unrecognized depression and complex trauma...
2017: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634507/susceptibility-weighted-imaging-diagnosis-of-cerebral-fat-embolism
#8
Joseph D Burns, Daniel Noujaim, Brian J Scott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Neurohospitalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634034/absence-of-%C3%AE-chain-in-keratinocytes-alters-chemokine-secretion-resulting-in-reduced-immune-cell-recruitment
#9
Karolin Nowak, Daniela Linzner, Adrian J Thrasher, Paul F Lambert, Wei Li Di, Siobhan O Burns
Loss of function mutations in the common gamma (γc) chain cytokine receptor subunit give rise to severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) characterised by lack of T and natural killer cells and infant death from infection. Haematopoietic stem cell transplantation or gene therapy offer cure but despite successful replacement of lymphoid immune lineages a long-term risk of severe cutaneous human papilloma virus (HPV) infections persists, possibly related to persistent γc-deficiency in other cell types. Here we demonstrate that keratinocytes, the only cell type directly infected by HPV, express functional γc and its co-receptors...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634032/ciclosporin-use-in-epidermal-necrolysis-is-associated-with-an-important-mortality-reduction-evidence-from-three-different-approaches
#10
C González-Herrada, S Rodríguez-Martín, L Cachafeiro, V Lerma, O González, J A Lorente, A Rodríguez-Miguel, J González-Ramos, G Roustan, E Ramírez, T Bellón, F J de Abajo
Several immunomodulatory agents are used in the treatment of Epidermal Necrolysis (EN), but evidence of their efficacy is limited. The Autonomous Community of Madrid has two reference Burn Units (BUs) to which all patients with EN are referred to. One BU has mostly used ciclosporin (CsA), while the other has used non-CsA therapies (mainly high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin). The allocation of patients to one or another BU was mainly based on proximity resembling a random assignment. Thus, we took advantage of this "natural experiment" to estimate the mortality risk ratio (MRR) of CsA (N=26) as compared to non-CsA (n=16) using hospital as an instrumental variable (IV) over the period 2001-2015...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633110/emerging-contaminants-related-to-the-occurrence-of-forest-fires-in-the-spanish-mediterranean
#11
Julian Campo, María Lorenzo, Erik L H Cammeraat, Yolanda Picó, Vicente Andreu
Forest fires can be a source of contamination because, among others, of the use of chemicals to their extinction (flame retardants, FRs), or by the production of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) derived from high temperature alteration of organic matter. Up to our knowledge, this study is the first to assess the direct (PAHs 16 on the USA EPA's priority list), and indirect [tri- to hepta- brominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), organophosphorus flame retardants (PFRs) and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs)] contamination related to forest fires...
June 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632967/prevalence-and-orthopedic-management-of-foot-and-ankle-deformities-in-charcot-marie-tooth-disease
#12
Matilde Laurá, Dishan Singh, Gita Ramdharry, Jasper Morrow, Mariola Skorupinska, Davide Pareyson, Joshua Burns, Richard A Lewis, Steve Scherer, David N Herrmann, Nicholas Cullen, Christopher Bradish, Luca Gaiani, Nicolò Martinelli, Paul Gibbons, Glenn Pfeffer, Phinit Phisitkul, Keith Wapner, James Sanders, Sam Flemister, Michael E Shy, Mary M Reilly
INTRODUCTION: Foot deformities are frequent complications in Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) patients, often requiring orthopedic surgery. However there are no prospective randomized studies on surgical management, and there is variation in the approache between centers in the same country and between different countries. METHODS: We assessed the frequency of foot deformities and surgery among patients recruited to the Inherited Neuropathies Consortium (INC). We also designed a survey addressed to orthopedic surgeons at INC centers to determine whether surgical approaches to orthopedic complications in CMT are variable...
June 20, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632906/improving-the-histologic-characterization-of-burn-depth
#13
Angela L F Gibson, Daniel D Bennett, Lauren J Taylor
BACKGROUND: Visual assessment of burn wound appearance is the standard of care to determine the depth of thermal injury but often incorrectly predicts wound healing potential. Histologic evaluation of hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) stained burn tissue is prone to subjectivity and is challenging for the novice. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) staining may offer a simplified and consistent technique to identify burn tissue viability. METHODS: Thirty tissue samples were obtained from six patients undergoing surgical excision for clinically determined deep partial thickness or full thickness burns...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632273/a-model-for-c-f-activation-by-electrophilic-phosphonium-cations
#14
Ian Mallov, Timothy C Johnstone, Darcy C Burns, Douglas W Stephan
The synthesis of the electrophilic phosphonium cation (EPC) salt [C10H6(CF3)PF(C6F5)2][B(C6F5)4] 4 was achieved via oxidation of phosphine [C10H6(CF3)P(C6F5)2] 2 with XeF2 to form phosphorane [C10H6(CF3)PF2(C6F5)2] 3 and subsequent fluoride ion abstraction. Structural and spectroscopic characterization of 4 provides evidence of an interaction between the CF3 functionality and the phosphonium centre. AIM and NBO analyses also support donation from a lone pair on a fluorine atom of the CF3 group to the P-F σ* orbital of the fluorophosphonium unit, consistent with previously proposed mechanisms for main group C-F bond activations...
June 20, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632098/utility-and-accuracy-of-perceptual-voice-and-speech-distinctions-in-the-diagnosis-of-parkinson-s-disease-psp-and-msa-p
#15
Nick Miller, Uma Nath, Emma Noble, David Burn
AIM: To determine if perceptual speech measures distinguish people with Parkinson's disease (PD), multiple system atrophy with predominant parkinsonism (MSA-P) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). METHODS: Speech-language therapists blind to patient characteristics employed clinical rating scales to evaluate speech/voice in 24 people with clinically diagnosed PD, 17 with PSP and 9 with MSA-P, matched for disease duration (mean 4.9 years, standard deviation 2...
June 20, 2017: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631015/ask-yeast-how-to-burn-your-fats-lessons-learned-from-the-metabolic-adaptation-to-salt-stress
#16
REVIEW
Amparo Pascual-Ahuir, Sara Manzanares-Estreder, Alba Timón-Gómez, Markus Proft
Here, we review and update the recent advances in the metabolic control during the adaptive response of budding yeast to hyperosmotic and salt stress, which is one of the best understood signaling events at the molecular level. This environmental stress can be easily applied and hence has been exploited in the past to generate an impressively detailed and comprehensive model of cellular adaptation. It is clear now that this stress modulates a great number of different physiological functions of the cell, which altogether contribute to cellular survival and adaptation...
June 19, 2017: Current Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630646/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-psychosomatic-problems-in-dental-settings
#17
REVIEW
Hirofumi Matsuoka, Itsuo Chiba, Yuji Sakano, Akira Toyofuku, Yoshihiro Abiko
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been applied for various problems, including psychiatric diseases such as depression and anxiety, and for physical symptoms such as pain. It has also been applied for dental problems. Although the effect of CBTs on temporomandibular disorders and dental anxiety are well documented, its effectiveness on other types of oral symptoms remain unclear. Little information comparing the different types of CBTs in the dental setting is currently available. Because dental professionals are often expected to conduct CBTs in the dental setting, it is important to develop proper training programs for dental professionals...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630506/development-of-an-instrument-to-measure-pharmacy-student-attitudes-toward-social-media-professionalism
#18
Marie A Chisholm-Burns, Christina A Spivey, Melanie C Jaeger, Jennifer Williams, Christa George
Objectives. To develop and validate a scale measuring pharmacy students' attitudes toward social media professionalism, and assess the impact of an educational presentation on social media professionalism. Methods. A social media professionalism scale was used in a pre- and post-survey to determine the effects of a social media professionalism presentation. The 26-item scale was administered to 197 first-year pharmacy (P1) students during orientation. Exploratory factor analysis was applied to determine the number of underlying factors responsible for covariation of the data...
May 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629932/systemic-antimicrobial-prophylaxis-in-burn-patients-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Guillermo Enrique Ramos
OBJECTIVE: To review studies of systemic antibiotic prophylaxis in burn patients. METHODS: Human clinical trials during the period 1966-2016 where prophylactic systemic antibiotics were compared with placebo or no intervention were identified in electronic databases. RESULTS: Nineteen trials met the selection criteria. Early post-burn period prophylaxis was assessed in non severe burn patients (6 trials), and in severe burn patients (7 trials)...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629694/interleukin-6-participation-in-pathology-of-ocular-diseases
#20
REVIEW
Forouhe Zahir-Jouzdani, Fatemeh Atyabi, Nazanin Mojtabavi
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a multifunctional cytokine that affects a variety of cells in the body such as osteoclasts, hepatocytes, endothelial cells, epithelial cells, white and red blood cells and etc. Elevated levels of IL-6 have been detected in many ocular diseases. Studies show that IL-6 has a major role in the pathology of glaucoma, CRVO, macular edema, ocular neovascularization, posterior capsule opacity formation, keratitis, dry eye disease, allergic eye disease, ocular autoimmune disease, corneal chemical burn, ocular inflammation and so on...
June 10, 2017: Pathophysiology: the Official Journal of the International Society for Pathophysiology
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