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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346647/validation-of-olfactory-threshold-testing-methods
#1
Alan Hirsch, Alexander Roussos, Sally Freels
In patients with chemosensory complaints, a head-to-head comparison of unilateral olfaction threshold testing with the Phenyl Ethyl Alcohol Smell Threshold Test (PEA) and the OLFACT-RL Odor Threshold Test (OLFACT-RL) was undertaken. The charts of 23 consecutive patients presenting with chemosensory complaints seen at the Smell and Taste Treatment and Research Foundation were reviewed and information extracted per Institutional Review Board guidelines. All patients had undergone olfactory testing with the PEA test and the OLFACT-RL test in accordance with their published administration manuals...
March 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346548/kinetics-of-light-induced-ordering-and-deformation-in-lc-azobenzene-containing-materials
#2
Vladimir Toshchevikov, Tatiana Petrova, Marina Saphiannikova
Azobenzene-containing smart materials are able to transform the energy of light into directional mechanical stress. We develop a theory of time-dependent light-induced ordering and deformation in azobenzene materials starting from the kinetic equations of photoisomerization. The liquid crystalline (LC) interactions between rod-like trans-isomers are taken into account. Angular selectivity of the photoisomerization known as an "angular hole burning" or the Weigert effect leads to the light-induced ordering and deformation of the azobenzene materials...
March 27, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346411/the-cold-induced-lipokine-12-13-dihome-promotes-fatty-acid-transport-into-brown-adipose-tissue
#3
Matthew D Lynes, Luiz O Leiria, Morten Lundh, Alexander Bartelt, Farnaz Shamsi, Tian Lian Huang, Hirokazu Takahashi, Michael F Hirshman, Christian Schlein, Alexandra Lee, Lisa A Baer, Francis J May, Fei Gao, Niven R Narain, Emily Y Chen, Michael A Kiebish, Aaron M Cypess, Matthias Blüher, Laurie J Goodyear, Gökhan S Hotamisligil, Kristin I Stanford, Yu-Hua Tseng
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) and beige adipose tissue combust fuels for heat production in adult humans, and so constitute an appealing target for the treatment of metabolic disorders such as obesity, diabetes and hyperlipidemia. Cold exposure can enhance energy expenditure by activating BAT, and it has been shown to improve nutrient metabolism. These therapies, however, are time consuming and uncomfortable, demonstrating the need for pharmacological interventions. Recently, lipids have been identified that are released from tissues and act locally or systemically to promote insulin sensitivity and glucose tolerance; as a class, these lipids are referred to as 'lipokines'...
March 27, 2017: Nature Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346302/the-benefit-of-microskin-in-combination-with-autologous-keratinocyte-suspension-to-treat-full-skin-loss-in-vivo
#4
Yuru Shang, Dawei Li, Chuanan Shen, Kai Yin, Li Ma, Longzhu Li, Dongxu Zhao, Wenfeng Cheng
Patients with extensive deep burns often lack enough autologous skin to cover the wounds. This study explores a new method using microskin in combination with autologous keratinocytes in the treatment of extensive deep burn. Wounds in the combination group were treated with automicroskin at an area expansion ratio of 20:1 (wound area to automicroskin area) and autologous keratinocyte suspension, which were compared with the following treatments: no autotransplant, only allografts (control group); autologous keratinocyte suspension only (keratinocyte only group); automicroskin at an area expansion ratio of 20:1 (20:1 group); and automicroskin at an area expansion ratio of 10:1 (10:1 group, positive control)...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346301/psychological-outcomes-following-burn-injuries
#5
Shelley Wiechman, Glenn Saxe, James A Fauerbach
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346300/the-burn-survivor-perspective
#6
Amy Acton, Karen Badger, John O'Leary
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346299/burn-survivor-focus-group
#7
Shelley Wiechman, Radha Holavanahalli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346298/defining-sepsis-in-burn-patients-still-a-long-way-to-go
#8
David G Greenhalgh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343851/somatosensory-rehabilitation-for-allodynia-in-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-of-the-upper-limb-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Tara L Packham, Claude J Spicher, Joy C MacDermid, Susan Michlovitz, D Norman Buckley
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. INTRODUCTION: Somatosensory rehabilitation is a standardized method of evaluation and conservative treatment of painful disorders of vibrotactile sensation, including the mechanical allodynia and burning pain of complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of somatosensory rehabilitation for reducing allodynia in persons with CRPS of 1 upper limb in a retrospective consecutive cohort of patients...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343844/inflammatory-and-autoimmune-manifestations-in-x-linked-carriers-of-chronic-granulomatous-disease-in-the-united-kingdom
#10
Alexandra C Battersby, Helen Braggins, Mark S Pearce, Catherine M Cale, Siobhan O Burns, Scott Hackett, Stephen Hughes, Dawn Barge, David Goldblatt, Andrew R Gennery
It has been recognized that X-linked carriers may have skin.
March 23, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343715/occurrence-profiles-and-toxic-equivalents-of-chlorinated-and-brominated-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-e-waste-open-burning-soils
#11
Chiya Nishimura, Yuichi Horii, Shuhei Tanaka, Kwadwo Ansong Asante, Florencio Ballesteros, Pham Hung Viet, Takaaki Itai, Hidetaka Takigami, Shinsuke Tanabe, Takashi Fujimori
We conducted this study to assess the occurrence, profiles, and toxicity of chlorinated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (Cl-PAHs) and brominated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (Br-PAHs) in e-waste open burning soils (EOBS). In this study, concentrations of 15 PAHs, 26 Cl-PAHs and 14 Br-PAHs were analyzed in EOBS samples. We found that e-waste open burning is an important emission source of Cl-PAHs and Br-PAHs as well as PAHs. Concentrations of total Cl-PAHs and Br-PAHs in e-waste open burning soil samples ranged from 21 to 2800 ng/g and from 5...
March 23, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343553/alpha-lipoic-acid-plus-omega-3-fatty-acids-for-vestibulodynia-associated-with-painful-bladder-syndrome
#12
Filippo Murina, Alessandra Graziottin, Raffaele Felice, Dania Gambini
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the effectiveness of alpha lipoic acid (ALA) plus omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) in combination with amitriptyline therapy in patients with vestibulodynia/painful bladder syndrome (VBD/PBS). METHODS: Women with VBD/PBS were randomly assigned to receive amitriptyline or amitriptyline plus a commercially available preparation (ALAnerv Age; Alfa Wassermann, Bologna, Italy) containing, in 2 capsules, ALA 600 mg plus docosahexaenoic acid 250 mg and eicosapentaenoic acid 16...
March 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343362/climate-controls-over-ecosystem-metabolism-insights-from-a-fifteen-year-inductive-artificial-neural-network-synthesis-for-a-subalpine-forest
#13
REVIEW
Loren P Albert, Trevor F Keenan, Sean P Burns, Travis E Huxman, Russell K Monson
Eddy covariance (EC) datasets have provided insight into climate determinants of net ecosystem productivity (NEP) and evapotranspiration (ET) in natural ecosystems for decades, but most EC studies were published in serial fashion such that one study's result became the following study's hypothesis. This approach reflects the hypothetico-deductive process by focusing on previously derived hypotheses. A synthesis of this type of sequential inference reiterates subjective biases and may amplify past assumptions about the role, and relative importance, of controls over ecosystem metabolism...
March 25, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343099/source-apportionments-of-ambient-fine-particulate-matter-in-israeli-jordanian-and-palestinian-cities
#14
Jongbae Heo, Bo Wu, Ziad Abdeen, Radwan Qasrawi, Jeremy A Sarnat, Geula Sharf, Kobby Shpund, James J Schauer
This manuscript evaluates spatial and temporal variations of source contributions to ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in Israeli, Jordanian, and Palestinian cities. Twenty-four hour integrated PM2.5 samples were collected every six days over a 1-year period (January to December 2007) in four cities in Israel (West Jerusalem, Eilat, Tel Aviv, and Haifa), four cities in Jordan (Amman, Aqaba, Rahma, and Zarka), and three cities in Palestine (Nablus, East Jerusalem, and Hebron). The PM2.5 samples were analyzed for major chemical components, including organic carbon and elemental carbon, ions, and metals, and the results were used in a positive matrix factorization (PMF) model to estimate source contributions to PM2...
March 23, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342576/biological-co2-mitigation-from-coal-power-plant-by-chlorella-fusca-and-spirulina-sp
#15
Jessica Hartwig Duarte, Etiele Greque de Morais, Elisângela Martha Radmann, Jorge Alberto Vieira Costa
CO2 biofixation by microalgae and cyanobacteria is an environmentally sustainable way to mitigate coal burn gas emissions. In this work the microalga Chlorella fusca LEB 111 and the cyanobacteria Spirulina sp. LEB 18 were cultivated using CO2 from coal flue gas as a carbon source. The intermittent flue gas injection in the cultures enable the cells growth and CO2 biofixation by these microorganisms. The Chlorella fusca isolated from a coal power plant could fix 2.6 times more CO2 than Spirulina sp. The maximum daily CO2 from coal flue gas biofixation was obtained with Chlorella fusca (360...
March 12, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342081/characterization-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-soil-close-to-secondary-copper-and-aluminum-smelters
#16
Jicheng Hu, Jing Wu, Xiaoshuo Zha, Chen Yang, Ying Hua, Ying Wang, Jun Jin
A total of 35 surface soil samples around two secondary copper smelters and one secondary aluminum smelter were collected and analyzed for 16 USEPA priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The concentrations of PAHs were highest when the soil sample sites were closest to the secondary copper smelters. And, a level gradient of PAHs was observed in soil samples according to the distance from two secondary copper smelters, respectively. The results suggested that PAH concentrations in surrounding soils may be influenced by secondary copper smelters investigated, whereas no such gradient was observed in soils around the secondary aluminum smelter...
March 24, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341263/living-with-burn-scars-caused-by-self-immolation-among-women-in-iraqi-kurdistan-a-qualitative-study
#17
Jila Mirlashari, Alireza Nikbakht Nasrabadi, Pakestan Mohammad Amin
Patients with burns have to live with a variety of long-term physical and psychosocial consequences. Burns lead to prolonged hospital stay, disfiguring scars, disability, and even death. Since self-immolation is common in women of Iraqi Kurdistan, the present study sought to explore the experiences of women living with scars caused by self-immolation. This paper was part of a qualitative research study. A purposive sample of 18 female self-immolation survivors from Iraqi Kurdistan was selected, and 21 individual interviews were conducted and analyzed using conventional content analysis...
March 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341262/pulsed-xenon-ultraviolet-light-disinfection-in-a-burn-unit-impact-on-environmental-bioburden-multidrug-resistant-organism-acquisition-and-healthcare-associated-infections
#18
Caroline Green, Jeremy C Pamplin, Kristine N Chafin, Clinton K Murray, Heather C Yun
Portable pulsed xenon ultraviolet disinfection (PPX-UVD) may reduce healthcare associated infections (HAI). There is limited data to inform use in burn intensive care units (BICU), where multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO), especially gram negative rods (GNR), commonly cause disease. We evaluated PPX-UVD effects on environmental bioburden and rates of HAI and MDRO acquisition in a BICU. PPX-UVD was used for 3 months after standard cleaning of patient and operating rooms (ORs). Settle and touch plates in patient rooms and ORs were obtained after standard cleaning, pre-and post-PPX-UVD...
March 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341260/the-effect-of-preexisting-respiratory-co-morbidities-on-burn-outcomes
#19
Laquanda T Knowlin, Lindsay B Stanford, Bruce A Cairns, Anthony G Charles
INTRODUCTION: Burns cause physiologic changes in multiple organ systems in the body. Burn mortality is usually attributable to pulmonary complications, which can occur in up to 41% of patients admitted to the hospital after burn. Patients with preexisting comorbidities such as chronic lung diseases may be more susceptible. We therefore sought to examine the impact of preexisting respiratory disease on burn outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients admitted to a regional burn center from 2002-2012...
March 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341259/effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-and-isokinetic-training-on-muscle-strength-explosive-strength-lean-body-mass-and-gait-in-severely-burned-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Anwar Abdelgayed Ebid, Shamekh Mohamed El-Shamy, Maysa Abbas Amer
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of vitamin D (VD) supplementation and isokinetic training on muscle strength, explosive strength (counter movement jump) (ES), lean body mass (LBM) and gait parameters in severe pediatric burn. METHODS: Forty-eight burned children with circumferential lower extremity burns covering 40-55% of the total body surface area (TBSA), aged 10-16 years (Mean±SD 13.01±1.75), were randomized into the standard of care (n=16), isokinetic (n=17) and VD (n=15) groups...
March 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
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