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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110511/first-examination-of-varying-health-outcomes-of-the-chronically-homeless-according-to-housing-first-configuration
#1
Elizabeth Whittaker, Timothy Dobbins, Wendy Swift, Paul Flatau, Lucinda Burns
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether two Housing First configurations (scattered site [SS] versus congregated site [CS]) are associated with different health-related outcomes. METHODS: This ecological study employed a longitudinal, quantitative design to compare the outcomes from 63 individuals (SS: n=37; CS: n=26) in Sydney, Australia, over 12 months. RESULTS: Both configurations showed similar improvements in quality of life and psychological distress...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110338/takayasu-s-arteritis-with-isolated-pulmonary-artery-involvement-in-a-middle-aged-asian-woman-with-hepatitis-b-and-latent-tuberculosis-infection
#2
Felix Liebscher, Thomas Pfammatter, Antonios Kolios, Matthias Greutmann, Daniel Franzen
We report a rare case of Takayasu's arteritis with isolated pulmonary artery stenosis in the presence of active hepatitis B and latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in a middle-aged Asian woman who initially presented with severe dyspnea on exertion and recurrent syncope, occasional burning chest pains, and fatigue. Therapy of the active hepatitis B and latent M. tuberculosis infection together with a course of methotrexate led to a slight reversal of the symptoms, as angioplasty with or without stenting was not an option...
January 21, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109548/comparison-between-high-frequency-ultrasonography-and-histological-assessment-reveals-weak-correlation-for-measurements-of-scar-tissue-thickness
#3
Natacha A Agabalyan, Samuel Su, Sarthak Sinha, Vincent Gabriel
OBJECTIVE: Current methods for evaluating scar tissue volume following burns have shortcomings. The Vancouver Burn Scar scale is subjective, leading to a high variability in assessment. Although histological assessment via punch biopsy can discriminate between the different layers of skin, such an approach is invasive, inefficient, and detrimental to patient experience and wound healing. This study investigates the accuracy of high-frequency ultrasonography, a non-invasive alternative to histology, for measuring dermal and epidermal thickness in scar tissue...
January 18, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108637/tomm40-523-variant-and-cognitive-decline-in-older-persons-with-apoe-%C3%AE%C2%B53-3-genotype
#4
Lei Yu, Michael W Lutz, Robert S Wilson, Daniel K Burns, Allen D Roses, Ann M Saunders, Chris Gaiteri, Philip L De Jager, Lisa L Barnes, David A Bennett
OBJECTIVE: To interrogate a poly-T variant (rs10524523, '523) in TOMM40, a gene adjacent to the APOE gene on chromosome 19, in older persons with APOE ε3/3 homozygosity for association with cognitive decline, the clinical hallmark of Alzheimer disease (AD). METHODS: Data came from participants in 2 cohort studies of aging and dementia who underwent annual clinical evaluations for up to 21 years. APOE and TOMM40'523 genotypes were determined from DNA from blood or brain samples...
January 20, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108362/an-in-vitro-study-on-the-burn-wound-healing-activity-of-cotton-fabrics-incorporated-with-phytosynthesized-silver-nanoparticles-in-male-wistar-albino-rats
#5
Pannerselvam Balashanmugam, Dharmalingam Jothinathan Mukesh Kumar, Rajenderan Murugan, Perumal Palani, Pudupalayam Thangavelu Kalaichelvan, Hyung Joo Kim, Vijay Singh, Rangarajulu Senthil Kumaran
In modern therapeutics, chemically synthesized drugs have been reported as causing adverse effects including allergies, rashes, itches, and swelling. For the past few decades, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have widely been applied in medical domains due to their antimicrobial and wound healing properties. In the present study, different concentrations of phytosynthesized AgNPs-saturated cotton dress fabrics - in comparison to cotton fabrics treated with commercial ointment - were tested for 18days to assess their ability to speed the healing of rats' burn wounds...
January 17, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108263/anxiety-is-associated-with-cognitive-impairment-in-newly-diagnosed-parkinson-s-disease
#6
Nadeeka N W Dissanayaka, Rachael A Lawson, Alison J Yarnall, Gordon W Duncan, David P Breen, Tien K Khoo, Roger A Barker, David J Burn
INTRODUCTION: Anxiety and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are prevalent non-motor manifestations of Parkinson's disease (PD). While few studies have demonstrated a possible link between cognitive dysfunction and anxiety in PD, to our knowledge, no studies have directly examined the association between them. This study investigated the association between anxiety and cognitive deficits in newly diagnosed PD patients. METHODS: Patients with newly diagnosed PD (N = 185) were recruited from community and outpatient clinics...
January 4, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107388/factors-moderating-the-relationship-between-childhood-trauma-and-premorbid-adjustment-in-first-episode-schizophrenia
#7
S Kilian, J K Burns, S Seedat, L Asmal, B Chiliza, S Du Plessis, M R Olivier, M Kidd, R Emsley
Childhood trauma is a recognised risk factor for schizophrenia. It has been proposed that childhood trauma interferes with normal neurodevelopment, thereby establishing a biological vulnerability to schizophrenia. Poor premorbid adjustment is frequently a precursor to schizophrenia, and may be a manifestation of neurodevelopmental compromise. We investigated the relationship between childhood trauma and premorbid adjustment in 77 patients with first-episode schizophrenia spectrum disorders. We also investigated possible mediating roles for other selected risk factors in the relationship...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107216/analysis-of-central-and-peripheral-vision-reaction-times-in-patients-with-postconcussion-visual-dysfunction
#8
Joseph F Clark, James K Ellis, Timothy M Burns, John M Childress, Jon G Divine
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether central and peripheral vision reaction times (PVRTs) are prolonged in patients with visual dysfunction after sustaining a concussion. DESIGN: Comparison of Dynavision D2 central and PVRTs in patients with postconcussion visual dysfunction were compared with control data from a normative patient database. Concussion patients without visual dysfunction were not included in this study. SETTING: National Collegiate Athletic Association Division 1 college training room and university based, academic health center...
January 19, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107097/comparison-of-systemic-and-topical-hypericum-perforatum-on-diabetic-surgical-wounds
#9
Mehmet Altıparmak, Teoman Eskitaşçıoğlu
BACKGROUND: Surgical wounds in diabetic patients still remain a problem till the present day. As a common plant found around the world, Hypericum perforatum L. (Hypericaceae) is traditionally prepared as an oily extract and used as a folk remedy for various diseases such as wounds, burns, cuts, etc. This study aims to evaluate the effect of St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum) on problematic wounds while comparing oral and topical applications. METHODS: Incisional and excisional wound models were made on the dorsal regions of 54 diabetic Spraque-Dawley rats...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106795/bio-based-aromatic-epoxy-monomers-for-thermoset-materials
#10
REVIEW
Feifei Ng, Guillaume Couture, Coralie Philippe, Bernard Boutevin, Sylvain Caillol
The synthesis of polymers from renewable resources is a burning issue that is actively investigated. Polyepoxide networks constitute a major class of thermosetting polymers and are extensively used as coatings, electronic materials, adhesives. Owing to their outstanding mechanical and electrical properties, chemical resistance, adhesion, and minimal shrinkage after curing, they are used in structural applications as well. Most of these thermosets are industrially manufactured from bisphenol A (BPA), a substance that was initially synthesized as a chemical estrogen...
January 18, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106169/inhibition-of-nucks-facilitates-corneal-recovery-following-alkali-burn
#11
Ming-Wai Poon, Dan Jiang, Peng Qin, Yuelin Zhang, Beiying Qiu, Sumit Chanda, Vinay Tergaonkar, Qing Li, Ian Y Wong, Zhendong Yu, Hung-Fat Tse, David S H Wong, Qizhou Lian
Corneal wound healing involves a complex cascade of cytokine-controlled cellular events, including inflammatory and angiogenesis responses that are regulated by transcriptional chromatin remodeling. Nuclear Ubiquitous Casein and cyclin-dependent Kinase Substrate (NUCKS) is a key chromatin modifier and transcriptional regulator of metabolic signaling. In this study, we investigated the role of NUCKS in corneal wound healing by comparing its effects on corneal alkali burn in NUCKS knockout (NKO) and NUCKS wild-type (NWT) mice...
January 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106082/effect-of-thermal-annealing-super-yellow-emissive-layer-on-efficiency-of-oleds
#12
Samantha Burns, Jennifer MacLeod, Thu Trang Do, Prashant Sonar, Soniya D Yambem
Thermal annealing of the emissive layer of an organic light emitting diode (OLED) is a common practice for solution processable emissive layers and reported annealing temperatures varies across a wide range of temperatures. We have investigated the influence of thermal annealing of the emissive layer at different temperatures on the performance of OLEDs. Solution processed polymer Super Yellow emissive layers were annealed at different temperatures and their performances were compared against OLEDs with a non-annealed emissive layer...
January 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105506/cutaneous-osteosarcoma-arising-from-a-burn-scar
#13
Min A Lee, Jaehyuck Yi, Jong Min Chae
Tumors that develop in old burn scars are usually squamous cell carcinomas. Sarcomas have also been reported, albeit rarely. To our knowledge, there has been only one case report of an extraskeletal osteosarcoma arising in a prior burn scar reported in the English-language literature, mainly discussing the clinicopathological features. Herein, we present a case of cutaneous osteosarcoma visualized as a mineralized soft-tissue mass arising from the scar associated with a previous skin burn over the back. This seems to be the first report describing the imaging features of a cutaneous osteosarcoma from an old burn scar...
January 19, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104707/improving-care-standards-for-patients-with-spinal-trauma-combining-a-modified-e-delphi-process-and-stakeholder-interviews-a-study-protocol
#14
Lisa N Sharwood, Ralph Stanford, James W Middleton, Brian Burns, Anthony Joseph, Oliver Flower, Oran Rigby, Jonathon Ball, Shelly Dhaliwal
INTRODUCTION: Around 300 people sustain a new traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) in Australia each year; a relatively low incidence injury with extremely high long-term associated costs. Care standards are inconsistent nationally, lacking in consensus across important components of care such as prehospital spinal immobilisation, timing of surgery and timeliness of transfer to specialist services. This study aims to develop 'expertly defined' and agreed standards of care across the majority of disciplines involved for these patients...
January 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104335/soil-water-and-nutrient-losses-from-management-alternatives-for-degraded-pasture-in-brazilian-atlantic-rainforest-biome
#15
Paulo Roberto da Rocha Junior, Felipe Vaz Andrade, Eduardo de Sá Mendonça, Guilherme Kangussú Donagemma, Raphael Bragança Alves Fernandes, Rabin Bhattharai, Prasanta Kumar Kalita
The objective of this study was to evaluate sediment, water and nutrient losses from different pasture managements in the Atlantic Rainforest biome. A field study was carried out in Alegre Espiríto Santo, Brazil, on a Xanthic Ferralsol cultivated with braquiaria (Brachiaria brizantha). The six pasture managements studied were: control (CON), chisel (CHI), fertilizer (FER), burned (BUR), plowing and harrowing (PH), and integrated crop-livestock (iCL). Runoff and sediment samples were collected and analyzed for calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), potassium (K), phosphorus (P) and organic carbon contents...
January 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103996/-advances-in-the-research-of-burn-pain
#16
C L Yang, Z R Wei
Burn pain starts immediately after burn and may last through the whole course of treatment, and it even may accompany patients with deep burn in the phase of scar formation. Burn pain makes patients anxious for a long period of time, thus seriously lowers life quality of them. In recent years, researchers at home and abroad have had new understanding for ideas of treating burn pain, and reports about the treatment of burn pain have been growing. At present, attention to and knowledge about burn pain are far from enough in clinic...
January 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103995/-advances-in-the-research-of-prevention-and-treatment-of-postburn-contractures-of-hand
#17
K A Wang, G S Wu, Y Sun, Z F Xia
Scar contracture deformity, which can lead to dysfunction of hand and low quality of life, is one of the common complication after hand burns. The prevention measures of scar contracture after hand burns include large skin grafting, prevention of infection, insistence on wearing pressure gloves, use of silicone sheets, wearing orthosis, accepting proper physical therapy, and early functional exercise. The primary treatments of postburn contractures of the hand are surgery, drugs, laser treatment, and rehabilitation therapy...
January 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103994/-analysis-of-microrna-expression-profile-in-serum-of-patients-with-electrical-burn-or-thermal-burn
#18
Q F Ruan, M J Jiang, Z Q Ye, C L Zhao, W G Xie
Objective: To explore the differential expression of microRNAs in the serum among patients with electrical burn or thermal burn and healthy persons and to explore the significance. Methods: In this study we included three patients with electrical burn and three patients with thermal burn, conforming to the inclusion criteria and hospitalized in our burn ward from June to August 2015, and three healthy adult volunteers. Their serum samples were separated from whole blood and divided into electrical burn group, thermal burn group, and normal control group...
January 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103991/-study-on-sweat-gland-regeneration-induced-by-microenvironment-of-three-dimensional-bioprinting
#19
B Yao, J F Xie, S Huang, X B Fu
Sweat glands are abundant in the body surface and essential for thermoregulation. Sweat glands fail to conduct self-repair in patients with large area of burn and trauma, and the body temperature of patients increases in hot climate, which may cause shock or even death. Now, co-culture system, reprogramming, and tissue engineering have made progresses in inducing sweat gland regeneration, but the inductive efficiency and duration need to be improved. Cellular microenvironment can regulate cell biological behavior, including cell migration and cell differentiation...
January 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103988/-to-enhance-study-on-translation-and-application-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-wound-repair
#20
D H Hu, W Zhang
Wound repair is a complicated process of interactions among numerous types of cells, involving the activation of multiple cells and various cytokines. The extensive burn and chronic wound are already big challenges for clinic due to the limitations of existing treatment means. Stem cell technology, as a new therapy, may be the optimum choice for wound repair. Mesenchymal stem cells are multipotent cells with self-renewal and differentiation capacity and have a broad tissue distribution, which are promising in treating wound, and it is worthy to discuss and analyze their role, clinical translation and application in wound repair, the facing problems at present and solving strategies as well...
January 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
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