keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Post traumatic stress disorder

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432376/mdma-does-not-alter-responses-to-the-trier-social-stress-test-in-humans
#1
Anya K Bershad, Melissa A Miller, Harriet de Wit
RATIONALE: ±3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, "ecstasy") is a stimulant-psychedelic drug with unique social effects. It may dampen reactivity to negative social stimuli such as social threat and rejection. Perhaps because of these effects, MDMA has shown promise as a treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, the effect of single doses of MDMA on responses to an acute psychosocial stressor has not been tested. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we sought to test the effects of MDMA on responses to stress in healthy adults using a public speaking task...
April 21, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430712/apolipoprotein-e-variants-and-genetic-susceptibility-to-combat-related-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-meta-analysis
#2
Yang Roby
BACKGROUND: Apolipoprotein E (APOE) has recently been studied as a risk factor for association with developing combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the military population. These studies have yielded inconsistent findings. The present study carried out a meta-analysis to establish whether the APOE polymorphism confers increased susceptibility to combat-related PTSD. METHODS: PubMed, Medline, Embase, PsycInfo, and Google Scholar were searched for potential publications relating to patients with PTSD in military settings with combat exposure...
April 18, 2017: Psychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428676/behavioral-problems-and-emotional-difficulties-at-children-and-early-adolescents-of-the-veterans-of-war-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#3
Zihnet Selimbasic, Osman Sinanovic, Esmina Avdibegovic, Maja Brkic, Jasmin Hamidovic
INTRODUCTION: Behavioral problems and emotional difficulties at children of the veterans of war with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have not been researched entirely. In our country, which has a lot of persons suffering from some psychological traumas, this trauma seems to continue. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the exposure, manifestations of behavioral problems and emotional difficulties at children and early adolescents, whose fathers were the veterans of war demonstrating post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms...
February 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428145/prior-treadmill-exercise-promotes-resilience-to-vicarious-trauma-in-rats
#4
Camila Kochi, Hesong Liu, Safiyya Zaidi, Fatin Atrooz, Phoebe Dantoin, Samina Salim
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a serious psychological condition, which can develop both from physically experiencing and also from witnessing traumatic events. There is evidence that physical exercise can have a positive impact on the symptoms of PTSD. Relevant to this, in our previous pre-clinical work, beneficial effects of treadmill exercise were reported on PTSD-like behaviors in a social defeat paradigm, a rat model of direct physical trauma. However, the role of exercise on vicariously acquired PTSD-like phenotype was not examined...
April 17, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426563/routine-inclusion-of-long-term-functional-and-patient-reported-outcomes-pros-into-trauma-registries-the-forte-project
#5
Arturo J Rios-Diaz, Juan P Herrera-Escobar, Elizabeth J Lilley, Jessica R Appelson, Belinda Gabbe, Karen Brasel, Terri deRoon-Cassini, Eric B Schneider, George Kasotakis, Haytham Kaafarani, George Velmahos, Ali Salim, Adil H Haider
BACKGROUND: The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) recently recommended inclusion of post-discharge health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and patient-reported outcomes (PROs) metrics to benchmark the quality of trauma care. Currently, these measures are not routinely collected at most trauma centers. We sought to determine the feasibility and value of adding such long-term outcome measures to trauma registries. METHODS: As part of the Functional Outcomes and Recovery after Trauma Emergencies (FORTE) project we included patients with an ISS ≥9, admitted to the Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, MA who were identified retrospectively using the institutional trauma registry and contacted 6 or 12-months post-injury to participate in a telephone survey evaluating: HRQoL (Short Form-12 [SF-12]), PROs (Trauma Quality of Life [T-QoL]), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), return to work, residential status, and healthcare utilization...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422900/the-association-between-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-perceptions-of-deployment-related-injury-in-veterans-with-and-without-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#6
Nazanin H Bahraini, Lindsey L Monteith, Holly R Gerber, Jeri E Forster, Trisha A Hostetter, Lisa A Brenner
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether the association between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and injury perceptions (ie, consequences, emotional representations, and coherence) differs for Veterans with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) compared with Veterans with non-TBI (ie, orthopedic). PARTICIPANTS: Eighty Veterans injured during post-9/11 deployments. DESIGN: Observational, 2×2 factorial design. MAIN MEASURES: Injury histories ascertained using the Ohio State University TBI-Identification Method and Deployment Injury Questionnaire; Injury Perception Questionnaire-Revised (injury perceptions); Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (PTSD diagnosis); and PTSD Symptom Checklist-Civilian Version (PTSD symptoms)...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421376/using-the-stopbang-questionnaire-and-other-pre-test-probability-tools-to-predict-osa-in-younger-thinner-patients-referred-to-a-sleep-medicine-clinic
#7
Michael J McMahon, Karen L Sheikh, Teotimo F Andrada, Aaron B Holley
BACKGROUND: The STOPBANG questionnaire is used to predict the presence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). We sought to assess the performance of the STOPBANG questionnaire in younger, thinner patients referred to a sleep medicine clinic. METHODS: We applied the STOPBANG questionnaire to patients referred for level I polysomnography (PSG) at our sleep center. We calculated likelihood ratios and area under the receiver operator characteristic (AUROC) curve and performed sensitivity analyses...
April 19, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420362/clinical-hemispheric-and-autonomic-changes-associated-with-use-of-closed-loop-allostatic-neurotechnology-by-a-case-series-of-individuals-with-self-reported-symptoms-of-post-traumatic-stress
#8
Charles H Tegeler, Jared F Cook, Catherine L Tegeler, Joshua R Hirsch, Hossam A Shaltout, Sean L Simpson, Brian C Fidali, Lee Gerdes, Sung W Lee
BACKGROUND: The objective of this pilot study was to explore the use of a closed-loop, allostatic, acoustic stimulation neurotechnology for individuals with self-reported symptoms of post-traumatic stress, as a potential means to impact symptomatology, temporal lobe high frequency asymmetry, heart rate variability (HRV), and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS). METHODS: From a cohort of individuals participating in a naturalistic study to evaluate use of allostatic neurotechnology for diverse clinical conditions, a subset was identified who reported high scores on the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist (PCL)...
April 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419641/neural-correlates-of-experimental-trauma-memory-retrieval
#9
Geraldine A Gvozdanovic, Philipp Stämpfli, Erich Seifritz, Björn Rasch
OBJECTIVES: Traumatic memories such as intrusions and flashbacks play a major role in the development and maintenance of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). A thorough understanding of the neural mechanisms underlying traumatic memories is indispensable for precise diagnosis, for personalized treatment and prevention. In particular, the identification of early neural predictor variables for intrusion development shortly after trauma exposure requires detailed investigation. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Here, we examined the neural correlates of early experimental trauma memory retrieval in a traumatic film paradigm in 42 young healthy females, using both implicit and explicit retrieval tasks...
April 17, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417269/anxiety-disorders-and-temperament-an-update-review
#10
REVIEW
Olli Kampman, Merja Viikki, Esa Leinonen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review focused on associations between temperament dimensions and clinical features in different anxiety disorders, likewise in obsessive-compulsive disorder in clinical samples of adults. A literature search was conducted in the Medline and PsycINFO databases covering the years 2010-2016. A systematic review and grading of the level of evidence for an association between temperament dimension scores and clinical features in each disorder were performed. RECENT FINDINGS: Twenty papers reporting 18 different studies were included...
May 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417134/predictors-and-moderators-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-an-investigation-of-anxiety-sensitivity-and-resilience-in-individuals-with-chronic-pain
#11
July Lies, Shi Ting Lau, Lester E Jones, Mark P Jensen, Gabriel Tan
INTRODUCTION: Anxiety sensitivity has been proposed as a psychological vulnerability factor for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Studies have also supported the protective role of resilience for overcoming the negative effects of trauma exposure. Given the linkages between anxiety sensitivity, resilience, trauma exposure and post-traumatic stress, this study explored the potential moderating roles of anxiety sensitivity and resilience on the association between trauma history and PTSD symptoms in a sample of individuals with chronic pain...
March 2017: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416565/cingulo-insular-structural-alterations-associated-with-psychogenic-symptoms-childhood-abuse-and-ptsd-in-functional-neurological-disorders
#12
David L Perez, Nassim Matin, Arthur Barsky, Victor Costumero-Ramos, Sara J Makaretz, Sigrid S Young, Jorge Sepulcre, W Curt LaFrance, Matcheri S Keshavan, Bradford C Dickerson
OBJECTIVE: Adverse early-life events are predisposing factors for functional neurological disorder (FND) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Cingulo-insular regions are implicated in the biology of both conditions and are sites of stress-mediated neuroplasticity. We hypothesised that functional neurological symptoms and the magnitude of childhood abuse would be associated with overlapping anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and insular volumetric reductions, and that FND and PTSD symptoms would map onto distinct cingulo-insular areas...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416268/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-risk-of-parkinson-disease-a-nationwide-longitudinal-study
#13
Yee-Lam E Chan, Ya-Mei Bai, Ju-Wei Hsu, Kai-Lin Huang, Tung-Ping Su, Cheng-Ta Li, Wei-Chen Lin, Tai-Long Pan, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Shih-Jen Tsai, Mu-Hong Chen
OBJECTIVE: Increasing evidence has suggested a relationship between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and neurodegenerative disorder, such as Alzheimer disease. The association between PTSD and Parkinson disease (PD), however, remains unclear. METHOD: Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, 7,280 subjects (1,456 patients aged ≥45 years with PTSD and 5,824 age-/sex-matched individuals without PTSD) were enrolled between 2002 and 2009 and followed to the end of 2011...
March 23, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416063/-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-treatment-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#14
Bo Søndergaard Jensen, Mahmoud Ashkanian
Approximately 10% of combat soldiers and 30% of rape victims develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is already known to be safe in depression treatment. Research results of the past 15 years indicate that rTMS induced to the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex may have a potential to treat the symptoms of PTSD. Furthermore, high-frequency rTMS seems to be superior to low-frequency rTMS. The effect of rTMS on PTSD symptoms could be mediated by increasing the level of brain-derived neurotrophic factor...
April 17, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412608/dsm-5-criteria-for-ptsd-in-parents-of-pediatric-patients-with-epilepsy-what-are-the-changes-with-respect-to-dsm-iv-tr
#15
Claudia Carmassi, Martina Corsi, Camilla Gesi, Carlo Antonio Bertelloni, Francesco Faggioni, Enrico Calderani, Gabriele Massimetti, Giuseppe Saggese, Alice Bonuccelli, Alessandro Orsini, Liliana Dell'Osso
Increasing literature suggests the need to explore for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and post-traumatic stress symptoms in parents and caregivers of children with acute and chronic illnesses but scant data are available on epilepsy. The aim of the present study was to estimate full and partial PTSD rates among parents of children with epilepsy comparing DSM-5 and DSM-IV-TR criteria. Further, the aim of the present study was to examine possible gender differences between mothers and fathers. Results showed 9...
April 13, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412229/characteristics-and-factors-associated-with-pain-in-older-homeless-individuals-results-from-the-hope-home-study
#16
John C Landefeld, Christine Miaskowski, Lina Tieu, Claudia Ponath, Christopher T Lee, David Guzman, Margot Kushel
Individuals experiencing homelessness in the United States are aging; little is known about chronic pain in this population. In a cross-sectional, population-based study, we interviewed 350 homeless individuals aged 50 and older to describe pain experienced by older persons experiencing homelessness and to assess factors associated with chronic moderate to severe pain, defined as pain lasting ≥3 months, with a past week average severity score of 5-10 (scale 0-10). The median age of participants was 58 years...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411274/posterior-orbitofrontal-and-anterior-cingulate-pathways-to-the-amygdala-target-inhibitory-and-excitatory-systems-with-opposite-functions
#17
Basilis Zikopoulos, Malin Hoistad, Yohan John, Helen Barbas
The bidirectional dialogue of the primate posterior orbitofrontal cortex (pOFC) with the amygdala is essential in cognitive-emotional functions. The pOFC also sends a uniquely one-way excitatory pathway to the amygdalar inhibitory intercalated masses (IM), which inhibit the medial part of the central amygdalar nucleus (CeM). Inhibition of IM has the opposite effect, allowing amygdalar activation of autonomic structures and emotional arousal. Using multiple labeling approaches to identify pathways and their postsynaptic sites in the amygdala in rhesus monkeys we found that the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) innervated mostly the basolateral and CeM amygdalar nuclei, poised to activate CeM for autonomic arousal...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409712/self-disclosing-trauma-and-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-couples-a-longitudinal-study
#18
Jacob Y Stein, Yael Lahav, Zahava Solomon
OBJECTIVE: Most research concerning the implications of self-disclosure on trauma's aftermath has focused on the salubrious effects disclosure may foster for the primary victim. However, the manner in which recipients of disclosure are symptomatically affected by it remains unexamined. Of particular interest are spouses who are often the primary support providers and are therefore susceptible to secondary traumatization. Assessing posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and self-disclosure among traumatized veterans and their wives, the current longitudinal study begins to fill this gap in the literature...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408294/resilience-and-cross-network-connectivity-a-neural-model-for-post-trauma-survival
#19
Marcella Brunetti, Laura Marzetti, Gianna Sepede, Filippo Zappasodi, Vittorio Pizzella, Fabiola Sarchione, Federica Vellante, Giovanni Martinotti, Massimo Di Giannantonio
Literature on the neurobiological bases of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) considers medial Prefrontal cortex (mPFC), a core region of the Default Mode Network (DMN), as a region involved in response regulation to stressors. Disrupted functioning of the DMN has been recognized at the basis of the pathophysiology of a number of mental disorders. Furthermore, in the evaluation of the protective factors to trauma consequence, an important role has been assigned to resilience. Our aim was to investigate the specific relation of resilience and PTSD symptoms severity with resting state brain connectivity in a traumatized population using magnetoencephalography (MEG), a non-invasive imaging technique with high temporal resolution and documented advantages in clinical applications...
April 10, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407737/pain-in-amaxhosa-women-living-with-hiv-aids-a-cross-sectional-study-of-ambulant-outpatients
#20
Romy Parker, Jennifer Jelsma, Dan J Stein
BACKGROUND: Pain is one of the most commonly reported symptoms in people living with HIV/AIDS, whether or not they are receiving anti-retroviral therapy. A recent systematic review identified a paucity of studies exploring pain in women in low and middle income countries. The prevalence and characteristics of pain in women living with HIV/AIDS may differ from that of men as many chronic pain conditions are more prevalent in women. The aims of this study were to establish pain prevalence, characteristics and management in amaXhosa women living with HIV/AIDS...
April 13, 2017: BMC Women's Health
keyword
keyword
1299
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"