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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777967/rates-and-correlates-of-disordered-eating-among-women-veterans-in-primary-care
#1
Laura J Buchholz, Paul R King, Laura O Wray
Rates of disordered eating may be higher among women veterans than civilians, and are associated with co-occurring mental health (MH) conditions, such as depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and alcohol misuse. Although evidence suggests that these conditions are common in primary care settings, limited research has examined symptoms of disordered eating among women veterans in primary care. This study used a cross-sectional design to examine rates and MH correlates of disordered eating among women veterans treated in a primary care setting...
May 16, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775837/predator-based-psychosocial-stress-model-of-ptsd-differentially-influences-voluntary-ethanol-consumption-depending-on-methodology
#2
Phillip R Zoladz, Eric D Eisenmann, Robert M Rose, Brooke A Kohls, Brandon L Johnson, Kiera L Robinson, Megan E Heikkila, Kasey E Mucher, Madelaine R Huntley
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating psychological disorder typified by diagnostic symptom clusters including hyperarousal, avoidance, negative cognitions and mood, and intrusive re-experiencing of the traumatic event. Patients with PTSD have been reported to self-medicate with alcohol to ameliorate hyperarousal symptoms associated with the disorder. Research utilizing rodent models of PTSD to emulate this behavioral phenomenon has thus far yielded inconsistent results. In the present study, we examined the effects of a predator-based psychosocial stress model of PTSD on voluntary ethanol consumption...
January 8, 2018: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772483/the-influence-of-deployment-stress-and-life-stress-on-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-diagnosis-among-military-personnel
#3
Janeese A Brownlow, Gerard A Zitnik, Carmen P McLean, Philip R Gehrman
There is increasing recognition that traumatic stress encountered throughout life, including those prior to military service, can put individuals at increased risk for developing Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). The purpose of this study was to examine the association of both traumatic stress encountered during deployment, and traumatic stress over one's lifetime on probable PTSD diagnosis. Probable PTSD diagnosis was compared between military personnel deployed in Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom (OIF/OEF; N = 21,499) and those who have recently enlisted (N = 55,814), using data obtained from the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS)...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771818/suppressed-acoustic-startle-response-in-traumatic-brain-injury-masks-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-hyper-responsivity
#4
Grant M Liska, Jea-Young Lee, Kaya Xu, Paul R Sanberg, Cesario V Borlongan
An exaggerated acoustic startle reflex (ASR) is a clinical indicator of anxiety disorders, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Given the prevalence of PTSD following traumatic brain injury (TBI), we studied the effects of TBI on ASR. Adult Sprague Dawley rats exposed to moderate controlled cortical impact injury model of TBI displayed suppression of ASR intensity and sensitivity. As patients with PTSD have been shown to display hyperactive startle responses, the present discrepant observation of TBI-induced suppression of ASR has clinical implications, in that the reduced, instead of elevated, startle response in patients with comorbid TBI/PTSD could be owing to a masking effect of TBI...
May 16, 2018: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771097/-mechanical-ventilation-with-explicit-recall-a-concept-analysis
#5
Mylène Suzie Michaud, Marilou Gagnon
Mechanical ventilation in the intensive care unit requires the use of medication to reduce pain, discomfort, anxiety, and agitation. An explicit recall refers to the phenomenon where the person remembers the perceptions that occurred under sedation during mechanical ventilation. Severe psychological consequences may occur as a result of an explicit recall. This phenomenon is not well-defined and there is no common language in the literature. A conceptual analysis was carried out using Rodgers' evolutionary method in order to clarify the concept of explicit recall...
March 2018: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768125/investigating-the-usefulness-of-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-adolescent-residential-care
#6
Valerie C Joiner, Frederick P Buttell
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the usefulness of the trauma intervention, trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT), for adolescents in residential treatment. METHOD: The study employed a secondary analysis of 132 adolescent trauma cases collected from youth while in a residential treatment facility in Mississippi. RESULTS: Analysis indicated that clients showed significant decreases in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) severity scores after receiving TF-CBT in residential care...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764317/generatehope-a-comprehensive-treatment-model-for-sex-trafficked-women
#7
Susan Munsey, Heather E Miller, Terence Rugg
GenerateHope (GH) is a San Diego-based 501c3 nonprofit organization providing fully integrated, comprehensive rehabilitation services to adult female survivors of sex trafficking. While best practices for working with survivors of sex trafficking are slowly emerging, to date, there have been few publications on this subject and little data on either short- or long-term outcomes from the many and varied programs nationwide. This paper examines the GH residential program and provides early outcome results for residents living at the GH program between six and 12 months...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761009/hippocampal-gray-matter-increases-following-multimodal-psychological-treatment-for-combat-related-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#8
Oisin Butler, Gerd Willmund, Tobias Gleich, Jürgen Gallinat, Simone Kühn, Peter Zimmermann
Introduction: Smaller hippocampal volumes are one of the most consistent findings in neuroimaging studies of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, very few prospective studies have assessed changes in hippocampal gray matter prior to and following therapy for PTSD, and no neuroimaging studies to date have longitudinally assessed military populations. Methods: A pilot study was conducted, assessing patients with combat-related PTSD with structural MRI. Participants were then assigned either to a treatment group or waiting-list control group...
May 2018: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760667/a-drd2-annk1-comt-interaction-consisting-of-functional-variants-confers-risk-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-traumatized-chinese
#9
Kunlin Zhang, Li Wang, Chengqi Cao, Gen Li, Ruojiao Fang, Ping Liu, Shu Luo, Xiangyang Zhang, Israel Liberzon
Objective: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a trauma- and stress-related psychiatric syndrome that occurs after exposure to extraordinary stressors. The neurotransmitter dopamine (DA) plays important roles in neurobiological processes like reward and stress, and a link between PTSD and the dopaminergic system has been reported. Thus, the investigation of an association between PTSD and gene-gene interaction (epistasis) within dopaminergic genes could uncover the genetic basis of dopamine-related PTSD symptomatology and contribute to precision medicine...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759022/compassion-focused-therapy-for-trauma-in-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-conceptual-review
#10
Megan Cowles, Cathy Randle-Phillips, Andrew Medley
Trauma exposure and post-traumatic stress disorder are more prevalent in people with intellectual disabilities (PWID) than in the general population, yet the evidence base for trauma interventions in this population is sparse. Compassion-focused therapy (CFT) may be particularly well-suited to PWID for a number of reasons, including its adaptability to different developmental levels. PWID are more likely to have issues with self-relating (e.g. shame and self-criticism) and attachment than the general population, two issues that are compounded by trauma and which CFT explicitly seeks to address...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757262/preliminary-assessment-of-hurricane-harvey-exposures-and-mental-health-impact
#11
Rebecca M Schwartz, Stephanie Tuminello, Samantha M Kerath, Janelle Rios, Wil Lieberman-Cribbin, Emanuela Taioli
Hurricane Harvey made landfall in Houston, Texas on 25 August 2017, the psychological and physical effects of which are still unknown. We assessed hurricane exposure and the immediate mental health needs of the population to define public health priorities for a larger epidemiological study. Convenience sampling was used to recruit participants ( n = 41) from the greater Houston area aged ≥18 years. Participants completed a questionnaire about demographics, hurricane exposures, and physical/mental health...
May 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755579/exploring-ptsd-in-emergency-operators-of-a-major-university-hospital-in-italy-a-preliminary-report-on-the-role-of-gender-age-and-education
#12
Claudia Carmassi, Camilla Gesi, Martina Corsi, Ivan M Cremone, Carlo A Bertelloni, Enrico Massimetti, Maria Cristina Olivieri, Ciro Conversano, Massimo Santini, Liliana Dell'Osso
Background: Emergency services personnel face frequent exposure to potentially traumatic events, with the potential for chronic symptomatic distress. The DSM-5 recently recognized a particular risk for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among first responders (criterion A4) but data are still scarce on prevalence rates and correlates. Objective: The aim of the present study was to explore the possible role of age, gender, and education training in a sample of emergency personnel diagnosed with DSM-5 PTSD...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754704/genetic-advances-in-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#13
Hernan Felipe Guillén-Burgos, Karol Gutiérrez-Ruiz
Post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD, is a condition that affects a subgroup of individuals that have suffered a previous traumatic event capable of generating changes at a psychological and behavioural level. These changes affect the personal, family, and social environment of those who suffer from this condition. Different genes have been identified as risk markers for development of this disorder. The population heterogeneity and individual differences (genetic and environmental) of each subject have made it difficult to identify valid markers in previous studies...
April 2018: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754591/clinical-implications-of-the-proposed-icd-11-ptsd-diagnostic-criteria
#14
Anna C Barbano, Willem F van der Mei, Richard A Bryant, Douglas L Delahanty, Terri A deRoon-Cassini, Yutaka J Matsuoka, Miranda Olff, Wei Qi, Andrew Ratanatharathorn, Ulrich Schnyder, Soraya Seedat, Ronald C Kessler, Karestan C Koenen, Arieh Y Shalev
BACKGROUND: Projected changes to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnostic criteria in the upcoming International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-11 may affect the prevalence and severity of identified cases. This study examined differences in rates, severity, and overlap of diagnoses using ICD-10 and ICD-11 PTSD diagnostic criteria during consecutive assessments of recent survivors of traumatic events. METHODS: The study sample comprised 3863 survivors of traumatic events, evaluated in 11 longitudinal studies of PTSD...
May 14, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754278/behavioral-and-noradrenergic-sensitizations-in-vulnerable-traumatized-rats-suggest-common-bases-with-substance-use-disorders
#15
Claire Le Dorze, Jean-Pol Tassin, Fréderic Chauveau, Pascale Gisquet-Verrier
The aim of the present study was to strengthen our hypothesis of a common physiological basis for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders. This paper investigates the possibility that rats exposed to a PTSD model exhibit noradrenergic and behavioral sensitization, as observed following repeated drugs of abuse injections. First, rats received a single prolonged stress (SPS), combining three consecutive stressors. They were then tested, 2 weeks after the trauma for PTSD-like symptoms to discriminate between vulnerable and resilient rats...
May 12, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753752/the-cingulum-bundle-anatomy-function-and-dysfunction
#16
REVIEW
Emma J Bubb, Claudia Metzler-Baddeley, John P Aggleton
The cingulum bundle is a prominent white matter tract that interconnects frontal, parietal, and medial temporal sites, while also linking subcortical nuclei to the cingulate gyrus. Despite its apparent continuity, the cingulum's composition continually changes as fibres join and leave the bundle. To help understand its complex structure, this review begins with detailed, comparative descriptions of the multiple connections comprising the cingulum bundle. Next, the impact of cingulum bundle damage in rats, monkeys, and humans is analysed...
May 10, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753170/imagining-trauma-memory-amplification-and-the-role-of-elaborative-cognitions
#17
Jacinta M Oulton, Deryn Strange, Reginald D V Nixon, Melanie K T Takarangi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Trauma victims, such as war veterans, often remember additional traumatic events over time: the "memory amplification effect". This effect is associated with the re-experiencing symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), including frequent and intrusive images of the trauma. One explanation for memory amplification is that people gradually incorporate new, imagined information about the trauma with what they actually experienced, leading to an amplified memory for what actually happened...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752958/an-update-on-contextual-fear-memory-mechanisms-transition-between-amygdala-and-hippocampus
#18
REVIEW
Nicholas Chaaya, Andrew R Battle, Luke R Johnson
Context is an ever-present combination of discrete environmental elements capable of influencing many psychological processes. When context is associated with an aversive stimulus, a permanent contextual fear memory is formed. Context is hypothesized to greatly influence the treatability of various fear-based pathologies, in particular, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In order to understand how contextual fear memories are encoded and impact underlying fear pathology, delineation of the underlying neural circuitry of contextual fear memory consolidation and maintenance is essential...
May 9, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748434/identifying-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-forced-migrants
#19
Manpreet Bains, Clare Shortall, Tabitha Manzuangani, Cornelius Katona, Katherine Russell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745889/potentially-traumatic-events-ptsd-and-post-traumatic-stress-spectrum-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia
#20
Ciro Conversano, Claudia Carmassi, Carlo A Bertelloni, Laura Marchi, Tommaso Micheloni, Manuel G Carbone, Giovanni Pagni, Claudia Tagliarini, Gabriele Massimetti, Laura M Bazzichi, Liliana Dell'Osso
OBJECTIVES: Fibromyalgia (FM) is defined as a severe, chronic, non-articular rheumatic condition characterised by widespread musculoskeletal pain, hyperalgesia and generalised tender points, in the absence of inflammatory or structural musculoskeletal abnormalities. Pain is the predominant symptom, allodynia and hyperalgesia are common signs. Extreme fatigue, impaired cognition and non-restorative sleeping difficulties coexist in addition to other somatic symptoms. Several studies suggest there is a meaningful relationship between FM and the psychological symptoms of depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
April 24, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
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