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Post traumatic stress disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641056/the-odd-couple-using-biomedical-and-intersectional-approaches-to-address-health-inequities
#1
Olena Hankivsky, Lesley Doyal, Gillian Einstein, Ursula Kelly, Janet Shim, Lynn Weber, Robin Repta
BACKGROUND: Better understanding and addressing health inequities is a growing global priority. OBJECTIVE: In this paper, we contribute to the literature examining complex relationships between biological and social dimensions in the field of health inequalities. Specifically, we explore the potential of intersectionality to advance current approaches to socio-biological entwinements. DESIGN: We provide a brief overview of current approaches to combining both biological and social factors in a single study, and then investigate the contributions of an intersectional framework to such work...
January 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637536/mental-health-morbidity-among-people-subject-to-immigration-detention-in-the-uk-a-feasibility-study
#2
P Sen, J Arugnanaseelan, E Connell, C Katona, A A Khan, P Moran, K Robjant, K Slade, J Tan, K Widyaratna, J Youd, A Forrester
AIMS: The UK has one of the largest systems of immigration detention in Europe.. Those detained include asylum-seekers and foreign national prisoners, groups with a higher prevalence of mental health vulnerabilities compared with the general population. In light of little published research on the mental health status of detainees in immigration removal centres (IRCs), the primary aim of this study was to explore whether it was feasible to conduct psychiatric research in such a setting...
June 22, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636846/post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#3
Arieh Shalev, Israel Liberzon, Charles Marmar
New England Journal of Medicine, Volume 376, Issue 25, Page 2459-2469, June 2017.
June 22, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635375/therapeutic-effect-of-increased-openness-investigating-mechanism-of-action-in-mdma-assisted-psychotherapy
#4
Mark T Wagner, Michael C Mithoefer, Ann T Mithoefer, Rebecca K MacAulay, Lisa Jerome, Berra Yazar-Klosinski, Rick Doblin
A growing body of research suggests that traumatic events lead to persisting personality change characterized by increased neuroticism. Relevantly, enduring improvements in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms have been found in response to 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)-assisted psychotherapy. There is evidence that lasting changes in the personality feature of "openness" occur in response to hallucinogens, and that this may potentially act as a therapeutic mechanism of change. The present study investigated whether heightened Openness and decreased Neuroticism served as a mechanism of change within a randomized trial of MDMA-assisted psychotherapy for chronic, treatment-resistant PTSD...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634644/minimal-clinically-important-differences-mcid-in-assessing-outcomes-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#5
Elina A Stefanovics, Robert A Rosenheck, Karen M Jones, Grant Huang, John H Krystal
This study sought to determine the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) for two frequently used measures of symptom severity in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) and the PTSD Symptom Checklist (PCL). Data from a randomized clinical trial of antipsychotic medication in military-related treatment-resistant PTSD (N= 267) included assessments 4 times over 26 weeks. Methods for estimating the MCID were based on both the anchor-based approach, using the Clinical Global Impressions (CGI) severity and improvement scales, rated by both clinicians and patients; and the distribution-based approach (based on standardized z-scores)...
June 21, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634539/using-mhealth-technologies-to-improve-the-identification-of-behavioral-health-problems-in-urban-primary-care-settings
#6
Martha Staeheli, Robert H Aseltine, Elizabeth Schilling, Daren Anderson, Bruce Gould
INTRODUCTION: Behavioral health disorders remain under recognized and under diagnosed among urban primary care patients. Screening patients for such problems is widely recommended, yet is challenging to do in a brief primary care encounter, particularly for this socially and medically complex patient population. METHODS: In 2013, intervention patients at an urban Connecticut primary clinic were screened for post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, and risky drinking (n = 146) using an electronic tablet-based screening tool...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632345/multiple-traumatic-experiences-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-offending-behaviour-in-female-prisoners
#7
Thanos Karatzias, Kevin Power, Caroline Woolston, Prathima Apurva, Amelie Begley, Carol Quinn, Sally Jowett, Ruth Howard, Allister Purdie
BACKGROUND: Although it is well established that prisoners commonly have histories of childhood trauma, little is known about mediators between exposure to trauma and criminal behaviour. HYPOTHESES: We hypothesised that the experience of trauma in adulthood, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and emotional dysregulation would mediate the relationship between childhood traumatic events and later criminal behaviour. METHODS: Eighty-nine female prisoners were interviewed using standardised scales, in a cross-sectional study design...
June 20, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630453/longitudinal-analyses-of-the-dna-methylome-in-deployed-military-servicemen-identify-susceptibility-loci-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#8
B P F Rutten, E Vermetten, C H Vinkers, G Ursini, N P Daskalakis, E Pishva, L de Nijs, L C Houtepen, L Eijssen, A E Jaffe, G Kenis, W Viechtbauer, D van den Hove, K G Schraut, K-P Lesch, J E Kleinman, T M Hyde, D R Weinberger, L Schalkwyk, K Lunnon, J Mill, H Cohen, R Yehuda, D G Baker, A X Maihofer, C M Nievergelt, E Geuze, M P M Boks
In order to determine the impact of the epigenetic response to traumatic stress on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), this study examined longitudinal changes of genome-wide blood DNA methylation profiles in relation to the development of PTSD symptoms in two prospective military cohorts (one discovery and one replication data set). In the first cohort consisting of male Dutch military servicemen (n=93), the emergence of PTSD symptoms over a deployment period to a combat zone was significantly associated with alterations in DNA methylation levels at 17 genomic positions and 12 genomic regions...
June 20, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629393/the-effect-of-an-elective-cesarean-section-on-maternal-request-on-peripartum-anxiety-and-depression-in-women-with-childbirth-fear-a-systematic-review
#9
Renske M Olieman, Femke Siemonsma, Margaux A Bartens, Susan Garthus-Niegel, Fedde Scheele, Adriaan Honig
BACKGROUND: Obstetricians are often reluctant to grant requests for an elective cesarean section (ECS) due to childbirth fear. To date, it is unknown if an ECS on request improves mental well-being in the mother in the peripartum period and if possible beneficial effects on anxiety and depression could outweigh the increased risk of complications associated with a surgical delivery. A systematic review was conducted to explore the effect of ECS on request on peripartum anxiety and depression...
June 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629292/increased-blood-pressures-in-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#10
Ehsan Moazen-Zadeh, Alireza Khoshdel, Farhad Avakh, Arash Rahmani
Objective Veterans of war affected by posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are at increased risk for cardiovascular diseases. We aimed to compare brachial and central blood pressures between veterans with PTSD and controls. Method In this case-control study on veterans of Iran-Iraq war, 50 veterans with PTSD and 50 veterans as controls were selected from an outpatient clinic and matched for age ±3 years. Exclusion criteria were malignancies, severe anatomical defects such as amputated extremities, history of PTSD before serving in war, comorbid psychiatric disorders other than anxiety or depressive disorders...
August 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628769/complex-psychotropic-polypharmacy-in-bipolar-disorder-across-varying-mood-polarities-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-2712-inpatients
#11
Julia C Golden, John W Goethe, Stephen B Woolley
BACKGROUND: It is common for patients with bipolar disorder (BP) to receive multiple psychotropics, but few studies have assessed demographic and clinical features associated with risk for receiving complex psychotropic polypharmacy. METHODS: This longitudinal cohort study examined 2712 inpatients with a DSM-IV clinical diagnosis of BP to assess associations between complex polypharmacy (defined as ≥4 psychotropics) and demographic and clinical features; associations with risk of rehospitalization were also examined...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627447/pain-with-traumatic-brain-injury-and-psychological-disorders
#12
REVIEW
Samar Khoury, Rodrigo Benavides
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the cause for long-term disability in more than 3 million patients in the US alone, with chronic pain being the most frequently reported complain. To date, predisposing mechanisms for chronic pain in TBI patients are largely unknown. Psychological disorders, including post-traumatic stress disorder, depression and anxiety following TBI are commonly reported comorbidities to post-traumatic pain. Long term consequences can be debilitating and affect quality of life even when the injury is mild...
June 13, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627380/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-risk-of-dementia-among-members-of-a-health-care-delivery-system
#13
Jason D Flatt, Paola Gilsanz, Charles P Quesenberry, Kathleen B Albers, Rachel A Whitmer
INTRODUCTION: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with an increased risk of dementia in male veterans, but little is known in females and civilians. METHODS: PTSD and comorbidities were abstracted from medical records from 1/1/1996 to 12/31/2001. Dementia incidence from 1/1/2002 to 12/31/2014 in 499,844 health care members aged 60+ years over an average of 8.2 years. Cox proportional hazard models were adjusted for age, demographics, and comorbidities...
June 13, 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626847/injury-intense-dust-exposure-and-chronic-disease-among-survivors-of-the-world-trade-center-terrorist-attacks-of-september-11-2001
#14
Howard E Alper, Shengchao Yu, Steven D Stellman, Robert M Brackbill
BACKGROUND: The World Trade Center attack of September 11, 2001 in New York City (9/11) exposed thousands of people to intense concentrations of hazardous materials that have resulted in reports of increased levels of asthma, heart disease, diabetes, and other chronic diseases along with psychological illnesses such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Few studies have discriminated between health consequences of immediate (short-term or acute) intense exposures versus chronic residential or workplace exposures...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625214/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-associated-with-sexual-assault-among-women-in-the-who-world-mental-health-surveys
#15
K M Scott, K C Koenen, A King, M V Petukhova, J Alonso, E J Bromet, R Bruffaerts, B Bunting, P de Jonge, J M Haro, E G Karam, S Lee, M E Medina-Mora, F Navarro-Mateu, N A Sampson, V Shahly, D J Stein, Y Torres, A M Zaslavsky, R C Kessler
BACKGROUND: Sexual assault is a global concern with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), one of the common sequelae. Early intervention can help prevent PTSD, making identification of those at high risk for the disorder a priority. Lack of representative sampling of both sexual assault survivors and sexual assaults in prior studies might have reduced the ability to develop accurate prediction models for early identification of high-risk sexual assault survivors. METHODS: Data come from 12 face-to-face, cross-sectional surveys of community-dwelling adults conducted in 11 countries...
June 19, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624761/factors-influencing-psychological-social-and-health-outcomes-after-major-burn-injuries-in-adults-cohort-study-protocol
#16
Martha Druery, Peter A Newcombe, Cate M Cameron, Jeffrey Lipman
INTRODUCTION: The goal of burn care is that 'the quality of the outcome must be worth the pain of survival'. More research is needed to understand how best to deliver care for patients with burns to achieve this aim. Loss of independence, function as well as loss of income for patients with burns and carers cause a significant burden at both individual and societal levels. Much is being done to advance knowledge in the clinical care field; however, there has been a paucity of research exploring psychosocial outcomes...
June 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623762/cortisol-stress-response-in-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-panic-disorder-and-major-depressive-disorder-patients
#17
Susann Wichmann, Clemens Kirschbaum, Carsten Böhme, Katja Petrowski
BACKGROUND: Previous research has focussed extensively on the distinction of HPA-axis functioning between patient groups and healthy volunteers, with relatively little emphasis on a direct comparison of patient groups. The current study's aim was to analyse differences in the cortisol stress response as a function of primary diagnosis of panic disorder (PD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: A total of n=30 PD (mean age±SD: 36...
June 10, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620914/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-the-siblings-of-the-pediatric-bone-marrow-transplantation-survivors-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-their-mothers
#18
Özge Gizli Çoban, Aslı Sürer Adanır, Esin Özatalay
Although BMT is lifesaving in many childhood diseases, it was found to be related to anxiety, depression, and PTSD in parents, and PTSD, anxiety and overall low self-esteem in siblings. Research on siblings' HRQoL is limited. The aim of this study was to investigate PTSD and HRQoL in siblings (donor and non-donor) of pediatric BMT survivors and PTSD in their mothers, compared to the healthy controls. Thirty-five siblings and their mothers and 35 healthy peers and their mothers were recruited as the study group and as the comparison group, respectively...
June 15, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620339/the-stress-acceleration-hypothesis-of-nightmares
#19
Tore Nielsen
Adverse childhood experiences can deleteriously affect future physical and mental health, increasing risk for many illnesses, including psychiatric problems, sleep disorders, and, according to the present hypothesis, idiopathic nightmares. Much like post-traumatic nightmares, which are triggered by trauma and lead to recurrent emotional dreaming about the trauma, idiopathic nightmares are hypothesized to originate in early adverse experiences that lead in later life to the expression of early memories and emotions in dream content...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620322/the-relationship-of-complex-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-a-culturally-distinct-conflict-affected-population-a-study-among-west-papuan-refugees-displaced-to-papua-new-guinea
#20
Derrick Silove, Alvin Kuowei Tay, Moses Kareth, Susan Rees
BACKGROUND: Controversy continues about the validity of the construct of complex post-traumatic stress disorder (C-PTSD). In particular, questions remain whether C-PTSD can be differentiated from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and, secondarily, other common mental disorders. The examination of these issues needs to be expanded to populations of diverse cultural backgrounds exposed to prolonged persecution. We undertake such an inquiry among a community sample of West Papuan refugees exposed to extensive persecution and trauma...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
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