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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343246/sex-differences-and-predictors-of-changes-in-body-weight-and-noncommunicable-diseases-in-a-random-newly-arrived-group-of-refugees-followed-for-two-years
#1
K-L Catherine Jen, Hikmet Jamil, Kequan Zhou, Karen Breejen, Bengt B Arnet
We have reported that none of the psychological/mental variables examined predicted the increase in BMI and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Iraqi refugees after 1 year resettlement in Michigan. We continuously followed the same cohort of refugees for 2 years (Y2 FU) to further determine the gender difference in predicting of increased BMI and NCDs. Only 20% of the BMI variability could be accounted for by the factors examined. Number of dependent children and depression were positively and stress negatively associated with BMI in male refugees but not in females...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340108/cigarette-smoking-and-musculoskeletal-pain-severity-among-male-and-female-afghanistan-iraq-era-veterans
#2
Kimberly T Green, Sarah M Wilson, Paul A Dennis, Jennifer J Runnals, Rebecca A Williams, Lori A Bastian, Jean C Beckham, Eric A Dedert, Harold S Kudler, Kristy Straits-Tröster, Jennifer M Gierisch, Patrick S Calhoun
Objective.:  Cigarette smoking and musculoskeletal pain are prevalent among Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care system users. These conditions frequently co-occur; however, there is limited empirical information specific to Afghanistan/Iraq era veterans. The present study sought to examine gender differences in the association between cigarette smoking and moderate to severe musculoskeletal pain in US veterans with Afghanistan/Iraq era service. Methods.:  A random sample of 5,000 veterans with service after November 11, 2001, participated in a survey assessing health care needs and barriers to care...
March 14, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340069/the-association-of-post-traumatic-and-postmigration-stress-with-pain-and-other-somatic-symptoms-an-explorative-analysis-in-traumatized-refugees-and-asylum-seekers
#3
Naser Morina, Alexa Kuenburg, Ulrich Schnyder, Richard A Bryant, Angela Nickerson, Matthis Schick
Objective.:  Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and somatic symptoms, such as pain, are frequently seen in refugees. Their relationship is poorly understood, and the treatment of these comorbid conditions can be very challenging. The current cross-sectional study examined pain and other somatic symptoms and their relationship with trauma history, PTSD symptom clusters, and current living difficulties among treatment-seeking refugees. Methods.:  One hundred thirty-four treatment-seeking traumatized refugees (78% male, mean age = 42 years) were assessed regarding lifetime traumatic experiences, symptoms of post-traumatic stress, overall pain and somatic symptoms, and postmigration living difficulties...
March 6, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338591/the-course-prediction-and-treatment-of-acute-and-post-traumatic-stress-in-trauma-patients-a-systematic-review
#4
Eva Visser, Taco Gosens, Brenda Leontine Den Oudsten, Jolanda De Vries
BACKGROUND: Trauma patients suffer from Acute Stress Disorder (ASD) and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). It is unknown how these disorders develop over time and when treatment is effective. Our aim was to systematically review (i) the course and predictors of ASD and PTSD after trauma and (ii) which and when psychological treatments are effective. METHODS: Embase, Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, PsycInfo, Cinahl, Cochrane, Pubmed, and Google Scholar were searched up to September 14, 2015...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337114/precondition-of-right-frontal-region-with-anodal-tdcs-can-restore-the-fear-memory-impairment-induced-by-acpa-in-male-mice
#5
Fariborz Manteghi, Mohammad Nasehi, Mohammad-Reza Zarrindast
Fear memory and learning cause behavioural patterns such as fight or flight responses, which increase survival probability, but unfit processing of fear memory and learning can lead to maladaptive behaviours and maladies such as phobias, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and anxiety disorders. The growing prevalence of these maladies shows the need to quest novel methods for their treatment. We used anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on the right frontal region as a precondition neuromodulator and arachidonylcyclopropylamide (ACPA), a selective CB1 cannabinoid receptor agonist, as a fear memory impairing agent to assess their effects on contextual and auditory fear conditioning (reliable model for fear studies)...
2017: EXCLI journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336055/shamanic-healing-for-vterans-with-ptsd-a-case-series
#6
Helané Wahbeh, Lauri Shainsky, Angela Weaver, Jan Engels-Smith
CONTEXT: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a serious health concern. Current evidence-based treatments for PTSD are efficacious; however, they are not appropriate or tolerated by everyone who needs them. Alternative treatment approaches are needed. Shamanic healing is one such therapy that may potentially be beneficial but no systematic research has been conducted on it for PTSD. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of the case series are to (1) develop a structured replicable shamanic treatment plan for veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); (2) collect preliminary data on PTSD-related outcomes, and (3) explore the feasibility and potential for adverse events of the plan...
February 24, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333604/patient-preferences-for-discussing-childhood-trauma-in-primary-care
#7
Ellen Goldstein, Ninad Athale, Andrés F Sciolla, Sheryl L Catz
CONTEXT: Exposure to traumatic events is common in primary care patients, yet health care professionals may be hesitant to assess and address the impact of childhood trauma in their patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess patient preferences for discussing traumatic experiences and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with clinicians in underserved, predominantly Latino primary care patients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: We evaluated patients with a questionnaire assessing comfort to discuss trauma exposure and symptoms using the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study questionnaire and the Primary Care-PTSD screen...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333525/a-potential-psychological-mechanism-linking-disaster-related-prenatal-maternal-stress-with-child-cognitive-and-motor-development-at-16-months-the-qf2011-queensland-flood-study
#8
Katrina M Moss, Gabrielle Simcock, Vanessa Cobham, Sue Kildea, Guillaume Elgbeili, David P Laplante, Suzanne King
Fetal exposure to prenatal maternal stress can have lifelong consequences, with different types of maternal stress associated with different areas of child development. Fewer studies have focused on motor skills, even though they are strongly predictive of later development across a range of domains. Research on mechanisms of transmission has identified biological cascades of stress reactions, yet links between psychological stress reactions are rarely studied. This study investigates the relationship between different aspects of disaster-related prenatal maternal stress and child cognitive and motor development, and proposes a cascade of stress reactions as a potential mechanism of transmission...
April 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331780/what-works-in-the-treatment-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#9
REVIEW
Lois W Choi-Kain, Ellen F Finch, Sara R Masland, James A Jenkins, Brandon T Unruh
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: This review summarizes advances in treatments for adults with borderline personality disorder (BPD) in the last 5 years. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence-based advances in the treatment of BPD include a delineation of generalist models of care in contrast to specialist treatments, identification of essential effective elements of dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT), and the adaptation of DBT treatment to manage post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and BPD...
2017: Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330395/changes-of-posttraumatic-stress-responses-in-evacuated-residents-and-their-related-factors
#10
Misari Oe, Hideto Takahashi, Masaharu Maeda, Mayumi Harigane, Senta Fujii, Itaru Miura, Masato Nagai, Hirooki Yabe, Tetsuya Ohira, Yuriko Suzuki, Seiji Yasumura, Masafumi Abe
The longitudinal posttraumatic stress responses and resilient factors after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant are yet unknown. Here we attempted to quantify the patterns of the course of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and we explored the factors associated with psychological recovery. The subjects were 12 371 residents in the municipalities categorized as the forced evacuated area. We categorized the subjects' PTSD symptoms into 4 groups: Chronic, Resistant, Recovered, and Non-recovered...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329434/integrated-treatment-of-ptsd-and-substance-use-disorders-examination-of-imaginal-exposure-length
#11
Adam C Mills, Christal L Badour, Kristina J Korte, Therese K Killeen, Aisling V Henschel, Sudie E Back
Efforts to improve the efficiency of prolonged exposure (PE) therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have demonstrated that reducing the length of imaginal exposures does not negatively affect treatment outcome. A recent adaptation of PE, called Concurrent Treatment of PTSD and Substance Use Disorders Using Prolonged Exposure [COPE], integrates substance use disorder treatment with PE in the same timeframe (twelve 90-minute sessions, 8 of which include imaginal exposure). The current study, which represents a subanalysis of a larger randomized controlled trial, examined how the length of imaginal exposures (nonrandomized and measured continually) related to PTSD, substance use, and depression in a sample of military veterans (N = 31) who completed the COPE treatment...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329423/does-the-vulnerability-paradox-in-ptsd-apply-to-women-and-men-an-exploratory-study
#12
Michel L A Dückers, Miranda Olff
Recent research suggests that greater country vulnerability is associated with a decreased, rather than increased, risk of mental health problems. Because societal parameters may have gender-specific implications, our objective was to explore whether the "vulnerability paradox" equally applies to women and men. Lifetime posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) prevalence data for women and men were retrieved from 11 population studies (N = 57,031): conducted in Australia, Brazil, Canada, France, Lebanon, Mexico, Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329406/treating-veterans-with-ptsd-and-borderline-personality-symptoms-in-a-12-week-intensive-outpatient-setting-findings-from-a-pilot-program
#13
Laura Meyers, Emily K Voller, Ethan B McCallum, Paul Thuras, Sandra Shallcross, Tina Velasquez, Laura Meis
Rates of comorbidity between borderline personality disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are high in veteran populations, and clinicians are hesitant to treat PTSD given high rates of suicidality. Given promising early work integrating dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) and prolonged exposure (PE) therapy, we created a 12-week intensive outpatient program combining these two treatments. PE and DBT were provided concurrently to 33 veterans with PTSD symptoms and BPD symptoms at a large, midwestern Veteran Affairs medical center...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328031/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-antepartum-complications-a-novel-risk-factor-for-gestational-diabetes-and-preeclampsia
#14
Jonathan G Shaw, Steven M Asch, Jodie G Katon, Kate A Shaw, Rachel Kimerling, Susan M Frayne, Ciaran S Phibbs
BACKGROUND: Prior work shows that Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) predicts an increased risk of preterm birth, but the causal pathway(s) are uncertain. We evaluate the associations between PTSD and antepartum complications to explore how PTSD's pathophysiology impacts pregnancy. METHODS: This retrospective cohort analysis of all Veterans Health Administration (VA)-covered deliveries from 2000-12 used the data of VA clinical and administration. Mothers with current PTSD were identified using the ICD-9 diagnostic codes (i...
March 22, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327116/a-tailored-online-safety-and-health-intervention-for-women-experiencing-intimate-partner-violence-the-ican-plan-4-safety-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#15
Marilyn Ford-Gilboe, Colleen Varcoe, Kelly Scott-Storey, Judith Wuest, James Case, Leanne M Currie, Nancy Glass, Marilyn Hodgins, Harriet MacMillan, Nancy Perrin, C Nadine Wathen
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) threatens the safety and health of women worldwide. Safety planning is a widely recommended, evidence-based intervention for women experiencing IPV, yet fewer than 1 in 5 Canadian women access safety planning through domestic violence services. Rural, Indigenous, racialized, and immigrant women, those who prioritize their privacy, and/or women who have partners other than men, face unique safety risks and access barriers. Online IPV interventions tailored to the unique features of women's lives, and to maximize choice and control, have potential to reduce access barriers, and improve fit and inclusiveness, maximizing effectiveness of these interventions for diverse groups...
March 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326164/ptsd-symptom-severity-relates-to-cognitive-and-psycho-social-dysfunctioning-a-study-with-congolese-refugees-in-uganda
#16
Herbert E Ainamani, Thomas Elbert, David K Olema, Tobias Hecker
Background: In the ongoing conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), civilians have been heavily exposed to traumatic stressors. Traumatizing experiences cumulatively heighten the risk for trauma-related disorders, and with it affect cognitive and psycho-social functioning. Objectives: We aimed at investigating the association between trauma-related disorders and cognitive and psycho-social functioning and hypothesized that PTSD symptom severity would negatively correlate with executive functioning, working memory and psycho-social functioning in everyday life...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326161/the-underlying-dimensions-of-dsm-5-ptsd-symptoms-and-their-relations-with-anxiety-and-depression-in-a-sample-of-adolescents-exposed-to-an-explosion-accident
#17
Haibo Yang, Li Wang, Chengqi Cao, Xing Cao, Ruojiao Fang, Jianxin Zhang, Jon D Elhai
Background: A large number of empirical studies pertaining to the latent dimensions of DSM-5 PTSD symptoms have accumulated. However, there is still a lack of studies specific to youths. Objective: This study sought to investigate the latent dimensions of DSM-5 PTSD symptoms in a sample of adolescents exposed to an explosion accident. Method: Participants were 836 students (407 females and 428 males). Self-reported measures including the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 and the anxiety and depression subscales of the 21-item Depression Anxiety Stress Scale were administered to participants...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326027/accessible-neurobehavioral-anger-related-markers-for-vulnerability-to-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-a-population-of-male-soldiers
#18
Tamar Lin, Gadi Gilam, Gal Raz, Ayelet Or-Borichev, Yair Bar-Haim, Eyal Fruchter, Talma Hendler
Identifying vulnerable individuals prone to develop post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) is of paramount importance, especially in populations at high risk for stress exposure such as combat soldiers. While several neural and psychological risk factors are known, no post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) biomarker has yet progressed to clinical use. Here we present novel and clinically applicable anger-related neurobehavioral risk markers for military-related PTSS in a large cohort of Israeli soldiers. The psychological, electrophysiological and neural (Simultaneous recording of scalp electroencephalography [EEG] and functional magnetic resonance imaging [fMRI]) reaction to an anger-inducing film were measured prior to advanced military training and PTSS were recorded at 1-year follow-up...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325517/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-20-year-physical-activity-trends-among-women
#19
Ashley Winning, Paola Gilsanz, Karestan C Koenen, Andrea L Roberts, Qixuan Chen, Jennifer A Sumner, Eric B Rimm, M Maria Glymour, Laura D Kubzansky
INTRODUCTION: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may be associated with physical inactivity, a modifiable lifestyle factor that contributes to risk of cardiovascular and other chronic diseases; however, no study has evaluated the association between PTSD onset and subsequent physical activity (PA) changes. METHOD: Analyses were conducted between October 2014 and April 2016, using data from the ongoing Nurses' Health Study II (N=50,327). Trauma exposure and PTSD symptoms were assessed using two previously validated measures, the Brief Trauma Questionnaire and Short Screening Scale for DSM-IV PTSD...
March 18, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324627/hospitalized-opioid-dependent-patients-exploring-predictors-of-buprenorphine-treatment-entry-and-retention-after-discharge
#20
Christina S Lee, Jane M Liebschutz, Bradley J Anderson, Michael D Stein
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have explored predictors of entry into and retention in buprenorphine treatment following linkage from an acute medical hospitalization. METHODS: This secondary analysis of a completed clinical trial focuses on medically hospitalized, opioid-dependent patients (n = 72) who were randomized to an intervention including buprenorphine induction and dose stabilization during hospitalization followed by post-discharge transition to office-based buprenorphine treatment (OBOT)...
March 21, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
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