Read by QxMD icon Read


Lisa M Gargano, Sean Locke, Jiehui Li, Mark R Farfel
BACKGROUND: The present study examined the association between 9/11-related adolescent behavioral problems on mental health outcomes in early adulthood. METHODS: Data from enrollees of the World Trade Center Health Registry, who completed at least one adolescent (2006-2007 or 2011-2012) and adult survey (2011-2012 or 2015-2016), were analyzed. Adolescent behavioral difficulties were assessed using the adolescent-reported Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)...
June 15, 2018: Pediatric Research
Ada Ng, Madhu Reddy, Alyson K Zalta, Stephen M Schueller
BACKGROUND: The increase in availability of patient data through consumer health wearable devices and mobile phone sensors provides opportunities for mental health treatment beyond traditional self-report measurements. Previous studies have suggested that wearables can be effectively used to benefit the physical health of people with mental health issues, but little research has explored the integration of wearable devices into mental health care. As such, early research is still necessary to address factors that might impact integration including patients' motivations to use wearables and their subsequent data...
June 15, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Kerri E Rodriguez, Crystal I Bryce, Douglas A Granger, Marguerite E O'Haire
Recent studies suggest a therapeutic effect of psychiatric service dogs for military veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but are limited by self-report biases. The current study assessed the effect of PTSD service dogs on the salivary cortisol awakening response (CAR) and arousal-related functioning in a population of military veterans with PTSD. Participants included 73 post-9/11 military veterans with PTSD including 45 with a service dog and 28 on the waitlist to receive one. Saliva samples were collected on two consecutive weekday mornings at awakening and 30 min later to quantify the cortisol awakening response (CAR) and its area under the curve (AUCi) in addition to standardized survey measures of anxiety, anger, sleep quality and disturbance, and alcohol abuse...
April 27, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Ryan D Nipp, Areej El-Jawahri, Sara M D'Arpino, Andy Chan, Charn-Xin Fuh, P Connor Johnson, Daniel E Lage, Risa L Wong, William F Pirl, Lara Traeger, Barbara J Cashavelly, Vicki A Jackson, David P Ryan, Ephraim P Hochberg, Jennifer S Temel, Joseph A Greer
BACKGROUND: Patients with cancer experience many stressors placing them at risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, yet little is known about factors associated with PTSD symptoms in this population. This study explored relationships among patients' PTSD symptoms, physical and psychological symptom burden, and risk for hospital readmissions. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled patients with cancer admitted for an unplanned hospitalization from August 2015-April 2017...
June 15, 2018: Cancer
Ryan Holliday, Nicholas Holder, Lindsey L Monteith, Alina Surís
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with suicidal ideation (SI) and suicidal self-directed violence (SDV). Military sexual trauma (MST) is a common precursor to PTSD among veterans. Survivors of MST are more likely to be diagnosed with PTSD and are at greater risk for SI than survivors of other forms of trauma. Suicide-specific beliefs (e.g., unlovability, unbearability, unsolvability) have been shown to be strong predictors of SI and future suicidal SDV. Suicide-specific beliefs were examined over the course of treatment and follow-up in 32 veterans (23 women, 9 men) who received cognitive processing therapy (CPT) for MST-related PTSD...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Juliana L Pereira, Gisela Maria Guedes-Carneiro, Liana R Netto, Patrícia Cavalcanti-Ribeiro, Sidnei Lira, José F Nogueira, Carlos A Teles, Karestan C Koenen, Aline S Sampaio, Lucas C Quarantini
The aim of this work was to investigate the association between traumatic experiences and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with the academic performance of university students. This is a one-phase study that included 2213 students, enrolled at one of seven college institutions in their first or final semesters in all programs, who filled out the self-response questionnaires. From this student population, 14% presented with PTSD, with 13.3% in their first semester and 14.9% in their final semester. The students who presented lower academic results (low scoring) had a higher prevalence of PTSD in both the first and final semesters...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Julia König, Regina Karl, Rita Rosner, Willi Butollo
Studies of psychotherapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) typically encompass short follow-up periods, leading to a dearth of information on the long-term course of symptoms after treatment. We summarize existing long-term follow-up studies and highlight the issues making such research difficult. In this context, we report on a 2-year follow-up on a randomized treatment study comparing dialogical exposure therapy and cognitive processing therapy for adults with PTSD after type I trauma. Many of the problems connected to long-term follow-up also pertained to this study...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Alice E Welch, Kimberly Caramanica Zweig, Tim Liao, Jennifer Yip, Alexander Davidson, Hannah Jordan, Robert Brackbill, James Cone
OBJECTIVE: Have World Trade Center Health Registry (WTCHR) enrollees experienced increased alcohol and drug-related mortality associated with exposures to the events of 9/11/01? METHODS: Cases involving death due to alcohol or drugs between 2003 and 2012 in New York City (NYC) were obtained through a match of the Registry with NYC Vital Records. We compared ICD-10-coded deaths where alcohol and/or drug use was the underlying cause of death to deaths from all other causes...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Dorthe Varning Poulsen, Ulrika K Stigsdotter, Annette Sofie Davidsen
Serving in the military leads to mental diseases, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), for a percentage of soldiers globally. The number of veterans with PTSD is increasing and, although medication and psychological treatments are offered, treatment results could be improved. Historically, different forms of nature-based therapy have been used for this target group. However, in spite of anecdotally good results, studies measuring the effect of this form of therapy are still lacking. The aim of this study is to explore how veterans with PTSD manage their everyday lives during and after a ten-week nature-based intervention in a therapy garden...
June 14, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Nagannathahalli Ranga Reddy, Sairam Krishnamurthy
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is an anxiety disorder with prolonged distortion of rational behavior. In this study, we report the preclinical potential of olanzapine (OLZ) in the treatment of PTSD. Since the atypical antipsychotics have modulating effects on cell protective and destructive factors, we tested the effects of OLZ in PTSD regarding these cell modulating factors. Rats, when subjected to stress-restress (SRS) model of PTSD, showed a derangement in cell protective factors like the decline in BDNF, ERK, and CREB...
June 11, 2018: Brain Research Bulletin
Te-Yu Wu, Fang-Ju Sun, Kwang-Yi Tung, Hui-Tzu Yeh, Chieh-Yu Liu
This study examined the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Post-traumatic Syndrome Scale-Interview (C-PSSI) for severe burn victims of the Formosa Fun Coast Explosion that occurred in Taiwan. A purposive sampling, cross-sectional, descriptive design study was selected. Participants were patients with severe burns from the Formosa Fun Coast Explosion, selected from teaching medical centers in Taiwan. They completed the C-PSSI and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). Statistical analysis was conducted to evaluate the psychometric properties, including reliability, construct validity (using confirmatory factor analysis), convergent validity, and criterion-related validity of the questionnaire...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
Patricia M Bamonti, Jennifer Moye, Aanand D Naik
Depression is common but under-diagnosed in cancer survivors. This study characterized depressive symptoms over one year in cancer survivors and examined disease-related and psychosocial predictors of depression severity. Participants (n = 122; Mage 65.33, SD = 9.17, 98.4% male) with head and neck, esophageal, gastric, or colorectal cancers were recruited through tumor registries at two regional Veterans Administration Medical Centers. Self-report measures assessing depressive symptoms (PHQ-9), combat-related PTSD symptoms (PC-PTSD), and health-related quality of life (PROMIS) were administered at six, twelve, and eighteen months after diagnosis...
June 14, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Jagriti Jackie Bhattarai, Mary E Oehlert, Karen D Multon, Scott W Sumerall
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine major depressive disorder (MDD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosed at age < 55 as predictors, and sex and race as potential moderators, of dementia and other forms of cognitive impairment. METHOD: Veterans ( N = 4,800) aged ⩾ 56 years were grouped by psychiatric history, sex, and race. Hierarchical and stepwise regression were employed to determine significant predictors. RESULTS: MDD and PTSD were associated with almost double the risk for developing dementia or cognitive impairment at age ⩾ 56...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Jana Zweerings, Eliza M Pflieger, Krystyna A Mathiak, Mikhail Zvyagintsev, Anastasia Kacela, Guido Flatten, Klaus Mathiak
Background: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterized by deficits in the self-regulation of cognitions and emotions. Neural networks of emotion regulation may exhibit reduced control mediated by the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), contributing to aberrant limbic responses in PTSD. Methods: Real-time fMRI neurofeedback (rt-fMRI NF) assessed self-regulation of the ACC in nine patients with PTSD after single trauma exposure and nine matched healthy controls. All participants were instructed to train ACC upregulation on three training days...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Antoine Besnard, Tomer Langberg, Sally Levinson, Duong Chu, Cinzia Vicidomini, Kimberly N Scobie, Andrew J Dwork, Victoria Arango, Gorazd B Rosoklija, J John Mann, René Hen, E David Leonardo, Maura Boldrini, Amar Sahay
Stress exposure is associated with the pathogenesis of psychiatric disorders, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depressive disorder (MDD). Here, we show in rodents that chronic stress exposure rapidly and transiently elevates hippocampal expression of Kruppel-like factor 9 (Klf9). Inducible genetic silencing of Klf9 expression in excitatory forebrain neurons in adulthood prior to, but not after, onset of stressor prevented chronic restraint stress (CRS)-induced potentiation of contextual fear acquisition in female mice and chronic corticosterone (CORT) exposure-induced fear generalization in male mice...
June 12, 2018: Cell Reports
Brittany Steelman
PURPOSE: This paper will acquaint the psychiatric nurse with attachment theory-based therapy through a narrative of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treatment of a Vietnam veteran with a history of compound trauma in childhood. DESIGN AND METHODS: Application of attachment-based therapy is discussed within the context of its guiding principles and tenets. FINDINGS: Attachment-based therapy is effective in reducing PTSD symptoms in a Vietnam veteran through forming secure base scripts from which the patient better evaluated and managed stressors, resulting in improved life functioning...
June 13, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Michael Weinberg
The study reported in this article examined the relationship between psychosocial functioning and tendency to forgive, social support, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms of terror survivors (N = 108). Structural equation modeling was used to examine whether PTSD symptoms mediated the association between tendency to forgive, social support, and psychosocial functioning. The findings demonstrated that the association between tendency to forgive and psychosocial functioning was mediated exclusively by PTSD symptoms, whereas the association between social support and psychosocial functioning was partially mediated by PTSD symptoms...
June 12, 2018: Health & Social Work
Erika J Wolf, Mark W Logue, Filomene G Morrison, Elizabeth S Wilcox, Annjanette Stone, Steven A Schichman, Regina E McGlinchey, William P Milberg, Mark W Miller
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and stress/trauma exposure are cross-sectionally associated with advanced DNA methylation age relative to chronological age. However, longitudinal inquiry and examination of associations between advanced DNA methylation age and a broader range of psychiatric disorders is lacking. The aim of this study was to examine if PTSD, depression, generalized anxiety, and alcohol-use disorders predicted acceleration of DNA methylation age over time (i...
June 13, 2018: Psychological Medicine
Lois James, Natalie Todak
OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in a sample of prison employees, investigate risk factors, and explore protective factors for PTSD. METHODS: We surveyed 355 Washington State Department of Corrections employees. The survey included the PTSD checklist for the DSM-5 (PCL-5), the Critical Incident History Questionnaire, and the Work Environment Inventory. RESULTS: We found 19% of the sample met the criteria for diagnosable PTSD...
June 12, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Girija Kaimal, Melissa S Walker, Joanna Herres, Louis M French, Thomas J DeGraba
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed tocompare recurring themes in the artistic expression of military service members (SMs) with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), traumatic brain injury and psychological health (PH) conditions with measurable psychiatric diagnoses. Affective symptoms and struggles related to verbally expressing information can limit communication in individuals with symptoms of PTSD and deployment-related health conditions. Visual self-expression through art therapy is an alternative way for SMs with PTSD and other PH conditions to communicate their lived experiences...
June 11, 2018: BMJ Open
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"