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Intimate partner violence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218541/understanding-health-violence-and-acculturation-among-south-asian-women-in-the-us
#1
Nitasha Chaudhary Nagaraj, Amita N Vyas, Karen A McDonnell, Loretta DiPietro
The devastating effects of experiencing violence in childhood are seen well into adulthood. This has been particularly difficult to assess among South Asians living in the U.S., due to a lack of disaggregated data on this ethnic group. In a web-based survey administered to a convenience sample of South Asian women living in the U.S. (n = 535), information was gathered on experience/exposure to childhood violence; adult intimate partner violence; and adverse health outcomes, including ever suicide ideation/attempt, experiences of quality of life and body esteem in adulthood...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216493/intimate-partner-violence-against-women-circumstances-of-aggressions-and-oral-maxillofacial-traumas-a-medical-legal-and-forensic-approach
#2
Ítalo de Macedo Bernardino, Luzia Michelle Santos, Alysson Vinicius Porto Ferreira, Tomás Lucio Marques de Almeida Lima, Lorena Marques da Nóbrega, Sérgio d'Avila
INTRODUCTION: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious public health problem that frequently results in oral-maxillofacial traumas, generating high social and economic costs. The aim of this study was to describe the profile of women victims of IPV and determine the pattern of oral-maxillofacial traumas, according to a medical-legal and forensic perspective. An exploratory study of 1361 suspected cases of women victims of IPV was carried out based on database of an Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Dentistry of Northeastern Brazil during a period of 4 years...
December 4, 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211633/prevalence-and-patterns-of-victimization-and-polyvictimization-among-female-sex-workers-in-soweto-a-south-african-township-a-cross-sectional-respondent-driven-sampling-study
#3
J Coetzee, G E Gray, R Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Female sex workers (FSWs) are disproportionately affected by violence from multiple partner categories. This increases their vulnerability to HIV. OBJECTIVES: To describe patterns of violence and polyvictimization among female SWs in Soweto. METHODS: A respondent-driven sampling (RDS) recruitment methodology was used to enrol 508 Soweto-based FSWs using a survey instrument. Raw and RDS adjusted data were descriptively analysed, Spearman's correlation and chi2 test of association were used to show associations...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211231/intimate-partner-violence-among-health-professionals-distribution-by-autonomous-communities-in-spain
#4
Juan Manuel Carmona-Torres, Beatriz Recio-Andrade, María Aurora Rodríguez-Borrego
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of intimate partner violence among health care professionals who work in the Spanish National Health System, according to the autonomous communities of Spain. METHOD This was a descriptive cross-sectional multicenter study conducted with male and female health professionals (doctors, nurses, and nursing aides) in the different autonomous communities that are part of the Spanish National Health System. The following instruments were employed: among women, an intimate partner violence screening questionnaire; and among men, a questionnaire that screened for violence in the family environment...
2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200612/being-superwoman-low-income-mothers-surviving-problem-drinking-and-intimate-partner-violence
#5
Casey Bohrman, Julie Tennille, Kimberly Levin, Melissa Rodgers, Karin Rhodes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Family Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198412/intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy-and-perinatal-mental-disorders-in-low-and-lower-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-of-literature-1990-2017
#6
REVIEW
Nafisa Halim, Jennifer Beard, Aldina Mesic, Archana Patel, David Henderson, Patricia Hibberd
Mental health consequences of intimate partner violence (IPV) against pregnant and postpartum women are poorly understood in low and lower-middle-income countries (LLMIC). We systematically reviewed the evidence from 24 studies (1990-2017) selected via a comprehensive search strategy with 14 inclusion, exclusion, and quality-control criteria to assess the extent to which intimate partner violence during pregnancy adversely affects perinatal mental disorders among participants in 10 LLMIC across 4 economic regions...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197753/longitudinal-analysis-of-the-impact-of-economic-empowerment-on-risk-for-intimate-partner-violence-among-married-women-in-rural-maharashtra-india
#7
Anita Raj, Jay G Silverman, Jeni Klugman, Niranjan Saggurti, Balaiah Donta, Holly B Shakya
The purpose of this study was to assess via longitudinal analysis whether women's economic empowerment and financial inclusion predicts incident IPV. This prospective study involved analysis of three waves of survey data collected from rural young married women (n = 853 women) in Maharashtra at baseline and 9&18 month follow-ups. This study, which was in the field from 2012 to 2014, was conducted as part of a larger family planning evaluation study unrelated to economic empowerment. Participants were surveyed on economic empowerment, as measured by items on women's income generation and joint decision-making of husband's income, and financial inclusion, as measured by bank account ownership...
November 26, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197115/effect-of-hazardous-alcohol-use-during-pregnancy-on-growth-outcomes-at-birth-findings-from-a-south-african-cohort-study
#8
Bronwyn Myers, Nastassja Koen, Kirsten A Donald, Raymond T Nhapi, Lesley Workman, Whitney Barnett, Nadia Hoffman, Sheri Koopowitz, Heather J Zar, Dan J Stein
BACKGROUND: Cohort studies have noted associations between hazardous alcohol use during pregnancy and infant growth outcomes, but many have not controlled for potential psychosocial confounders. To assess the unique contribution of hazardous alcohol use, we examined its effect on infant growth outcomes while controlling for maternal psychosocial stressors and hazardous tobacco and drug use in a cohort of 986 pregnant South African women enrolled into the Drakenstein Child Health Study between 2012 and 2015...
December 2, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195630/influence-of-intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy-on-fear-of-childbirth
#9
Vahideh Moghaddam Hossieni, Jocelyn Toohill, Arash Akaberi, BibiMarzie HashemiAsl
OBJECTIVE: Women are at increased risk of intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy. This may impact women's positive anticipation for birth. Negative feelings around birth often translate to a fear of childbirth. Our aim was to examine the prevalence IPV and whether physical, sexual, psychological IPV during pregnancy predicts fear of childbirth among Iranian pregnant women. METHOD: A population-based cross sectional study was conducted in North-East Iran...
December 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195518/characteristics-of-intimate-partner-violence-victimization-experienced-by-a-sample-of-portuguese-men
#10
Andreia Machado, Denise Hines, Marlene Matos
International research has established that men can be victims of intimate partner violence (IPV). In Portugal, this phenomenon has not yet received scientific or social attention, although since the 1990s, IPV has been acknowledged as a notable problem. An online cross-sectional study was conducted with 89 heterosexual men who, after completing the Revised Conflict Tactics Scales, identified themselves as victims of IPV. We examined the prevalence of IPV, its context, its perceived impact, men's reactions after an episode of violence, men's perceived motives for the partner's aggressive behavior, and reasons that prevented men from leaving the abusive relationship...
December 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195516/economic-abuse-within-intimate-partner-violence-a-review-of-the-literature
#11
Amanda M Stylianou
This article reviews the literature on the measurement of, impact of, and interventions for economic abuse within intimate partner relationships. Current assessment measures for economic abuse, along with estimates of the prevalence of economic abuse, are reviewed and critiqued. Research exploring the impact of economic abuse on the victim's mental health and psychological well-being, family formations and parenting practices, and children's behaviors and youth outcomes are presented. Recently developed interventions, including financial literacy program models, are discussed and emphasized as a critical service to increase victims' economic self-efficacy, financial literacy, and financial behaviors...
December 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195515/the-role-of-objectification-in-the-victimization-and-perpetration-of-intimate-partner-violence
#12
Melissa R Jonnson, Jennifer I Langille, Zach Walsh
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a substantial health concern and identifying risk factors for IPV is a research priority. We examined the relationship between severe IPV and objectification of the self and other sex across participant sex. A sample of 1,005 male and female university students completed a series of online questionnaires that measure levels of self-objectification, objectification of the other sex, and histories of severe IPV victimization and perpetration. Self-objectification was associated with severe psychological aggression, physical assault, and sexual coercion victimization in females, but not in males...
December 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194926/survivors-of-child-maltreatment-and-postpartum-depression-an-integrative-review
#13
REVIEW
Bridget F Hutchens, Joan Kearney, Holly Powell Kennedy
INTRODUCTION: An integrative review was performed to explore the relationship between a maternal history of child maltreatment and subsequent postpartum depression (PPD) symptoms. METHODS: Six electronic databases were used to explore the literature, including PubMed, CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Embase, and Scopus. Studies were included that used victims of child maltreatment as one of the independent variables and PPD symptoms as one of the dependent variables. Studies were excluded if they focused only on women with adult intimate partner violence or women with PPD who were perpetrators of child abuse rather than survivors...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194703/development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-a-rapid-intimate-partner-violence-perpetration-screening-tool
#14
Cory A Crane, Samara L Rice, Robert C Schlauch
Current methods of identifying intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration rely upon lengthy screening instruments, partner injury, and legal involvement. There exist no viable, brief screening tools to facilitate the rapid and early identification of IPV perpetration. The development of a brief IPV screening tool would reduce participant burden and compensation in research as well as aid in self-identification and appropriate consultation for treatment. Three samples were recruited and administered an IPV assessment measure...
November 30, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194695/a-grounded-theory-study-of-how-couples-desist-from-intimate-partner-violence
#15
Lisa V Merchant, Jason B Whiting
Intimate partner violence is a common and damaging experience for many couples, and therapists struggle to address it adequately (Johnson, 2008). Despite its negative effects, many violent couples stay together, with some stopping their violent behaviors. Unfortunately, we know little about the systemic factors affecting violence desistance. This study used grounded theory methods to analyze the process of desistance in formerly violent couples. A model of desistance consisting of three categories was developed, which for most couples included a (a) Turning Point, (b) Decision to Change, and (c) Doing Things Differently...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194475/analysis-of-the-strength-of-legal-firearms-restrictions-for-perpetrators-of-domestic-violence-and-their-association-with-intimate-partner-homicide
#16
April M Zeoli, Alexander McCourt, Shani Buggs, Shannon Frattaroli, David Lilley, Daniel W Webster
In this research, we estimate the association of firearm restrictions for domestic violence offenders with intimate partner homicides (IPHs), based on the strength of the policies. We posit that the association of firearm laws with IPHs depends on the laws': 1) breadth of coverage of high-risk individuals and situations restricted; 2) power to compel firearm surrender or removal from prohibited persons; and 3) systems of accountability that prevent prohibited persons from obtaining guns. We conducted a quantitative policy evaluation using annual state-level data from 1980 through 2013 for 45 US states...
November 29, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193289/disproportionate-mental-health-burden-associated-with-past-year-intimate-partner-violence-among-women-receiving-care-in-the-veterans-health-administration
#17
Melissa E Dichter, Anneliese Sorrentino, Scarlett Bellamy, Elina Medvedeva, Christopher B Roberts, Katherine M Iverson
Experience of intimate partner violence (IPV) can lead to mental health conditions, including anxiety, depression, and unhealthy substance use. Women seen in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) face high rates of both IPV and mental health morbidity. This study aimed to identify associations between recent IPV experience and mental health diagnoses among women VHA patients. We examined medical records data for 8,888 female veteran and nonveteran VHA patients across 13 VHA facilities who were screened for past-year IPV between April, 2014 and April, 2016...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191815/sexual-relationships-intimate-partner-violence-and-sti-partner-notification-in-cape-town-south-africa-an-observational-study
#18
Catherine Mathews, Moira O Kalichman, Ria Laubscher, Cameron Hutchison, Koena Nkoko, Mark Lurie, Seth C Kalichman
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to identify individual and sexual partnership characteristics associated with partner notification (PN) among people with STI. We hypothesised that PN would be less likely in more casual sexual partnerships and in partnerships with intimate partner violence (IPV). METHODS: We conducted an observational study among the first 330 patients with STI enrolled in a trial of a behavioural intervention to reduce STI incidence, at a clinic in a poor, Cape Town community...
November 30, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191111/the-doing-and-undoing-of-male-household-decision-making-and-economic-authority-in-rwanda-and-its-implications-for-gender-transformative-programming
#19
Erin Stern, Lori Heise, Lyndsay McLean
This paper explores two key norms that underpin intimate partner violence in Rwanda: men's roles as economic providers and decision-making authorities in the household. It describes the political, legal and socio-economic factors affecting these norms and how they create opportunities and barriers to 'undoing' restrictive gender norms. Findings are drawn from an evaluation of Inadshyikirwa, an intimate partner violence prevention programme operating in Rwanda. Across three intervention sectors, 24 focus groups were conducted with unmarried and married men and women residing in intervention communities...
December 1, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190839/violence-against-women-injuries-and-deaths-in-rhode-island-yongwen-jiang-phd-deborah-debare-mmhs-lynne-marie-shea-ba-samara-viner-brown-ms
#20
Yongwen Jiang, Deborah DeBare, Lynne-Marie Shea, Samara Viner-Brown
Violence against women is a public health issue. Monitoring assault-related injury and homicide death among women is imperative for understanding this public health issue. We used data from the 2014 Rhode Island emergency department (ED), hospital discharge (HD), and 2004-2014 Rhode Island violent death reporting system (RIVDRS) to provide a broad picture for violence against women injuries and deaths in Rhode Island. ED visit and HD data show that the majority of female assault injuries occurred among women aged 25-44, resided in the core cities, and had public insurance...
December 1, 2017: Rhode Island Medical Journal
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