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Intimate partner violence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454927/syndemics-among-individuals-enrolled-in-the-prep-brasil-study
#1
Raquel B De Boni, Iona K Machado, Mauricio T L De Vasconcellos, Brenda Hoagland, Esper G Kallas, José Valdez Madruga, Nilo M Fernandes, Natalia B Cerqueira, Ronaldo I Moreira, Silvia P Goulart, Valdilea G Veloso, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Paula M Luz
BACKGROUND: Concurrent psychosocial problems may synergistically increase the risk of HIV infection (syndemics), representing a challenge for prevention. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence and associated factors of syndemics among men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TGW) enrolled in the Brazilian pre-exposure prophylaxis demonstration study (PrEP Brasil Study). METHODS: Secondary cross-sectional analysis of the PrEP Brasil Study was performed...
February 10, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454258/the-role-of-dissociation-in-revictimization-across-the-lifespan-a-32-year-prospective-study
#2
Osnat Zamir, Ohad Szepsenwol, Michelle M Englund, Jeffry A Simpson
Exposure to childhood abuse puts women at risk for revictimization in adult intimate relationships, but knowledge about the mechanism by which it occurs is limited. The present study investigated whether dissociation mediates the effect of exposure to physical or sexual child abuse on intimate partner violence in adulthood. We tested this using prospective data collected from birth to age 32 from 80 female participants in the Minnesota Longitudinal Study of Risk and Adaptation. We found that women who experienced sexual or physical abuse during the first 17...
February 14, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454241/frailty-and-life-course-violence-the-international-mobility-in-aging-study
#3
Cristiano Dos Santos Gomes, Catherine McLean Pirkle, Maria Vitoria Zunzunegui, Dimitri Taurino Guedes, Juliana Fernandes De Souza Barbosa, Phoebe Hwang, Ricardo Oliveira Guerra
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of frailty in older adults in the IMIAS population, to examine associations between lifelong domestic violence and frailty and possible pathways to explain these associations. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with 2002 men and women in the International Mobility in Aging Study, aged between 65 and 74 years old living in five cities of Tirana (Albania), Natal (Brazil), Kingston and Saint-Hyacinthe (Canada), and Manizales (Colombia)...
February 8, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452932/occult-abusive-injuries-in-children-brought-for-care-after-intimate-partner-violence-an-exploratory-study
#4
Gunjan Tiyyagura, Cindy Christian, Rachel Berger, Daniel Lindberg
Children in homes with intimate partner violence (IPV) are at increased risk for physical abuse. We determined the frequency and injury patterns in children who underwent child abuse consultation after IPV exposure by retrospectively analyzing the "Examination of Siblings To Recognize Abuse" cohort of children referred for physical abuse. Children were selected who presented after IPV exposure. Among 2890 children evaluated by child abuse pediatricians, 61 (2.1%) patients presented after IPV exposure...
February 13, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449134/characterizing-sexual-violence-victimization-in-youth-2012-national-intimate-partner-and-sexual-violence-survey
#5
Melissa T Merrick, Kathleen C Basile, Xinjian Zhang, Sharon G Smith, Marcie-Jo Kresnow
INTRODUCTION: Youth sexual violence victimization is an urgent public health concern that can lead to a variety of health problems and increased risk for victimization during adulthood. Examining the characteristics of early victimization and their association with subsequent victimization during adulthood may help strengthen primary prevention efforts. METHODS: Data are from the 2012 National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey. Prevalence estimates were computed in 2017 for rape and made to sexually penetrate, their subtypes, as well as proportions among victims by type of perpetrator...
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448909/a-preliminary-investigation-into-a-range-of-implicit-and-explicit-offense-supportive-cognitions-in-perpetrators-of-physical-intimate-partner-violence
#6
Chrisa D Pornari, Louise Dixon, Glyn W Humphreys
The current study assessed a wide range of offense supportive cognitions in relation to the perpetration of physical intimate partner violence (IPV). This research used both implicit and explicit measures in a U.K. sample of 19 male IPV perpetrators recruited from a community-based IPV intervention program and 20 men from the community with no history of IPV. The study also explored the ability of the implicit measures to differentiate between the two groups. The cognitions assessed included gender-role stereotype, attitudes condoning violence against a partner, attitudes condoning violence in general, hostile attitudes toward women, sense of entitlement in the relationship and over the intimate partner (control and dominance), and general sense of entitlement...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448906/violence-and-abuse-in-rural-older-women-s-lives-a-life-course-perspective
#7
Karen A Roberto, Brandy Renee McCann
Intimate partner violence in later life includes physical, psychological, sexual, and financial abuse. Although some researchers have investigated how women in long-term violent partnerships cope with abuse, little is known about the history, experiences, and needs of older women who leave abusive relationships. From a feminist, life course perspective, we interviewed 10 women who had left their abusive partners later in life. We used qualitative methods to analyze the data and found four major themes: (a) the women used the past to account for abuse in their relationships later in life, (b) recognizing abuse signaled to the women to fight back and exit the relationship, (c) financial abuse and exploitation affected women's mental and physical health, and (d) rebuilding was especially challenging as the women faced their future alone with financial, physical, or mental health problems...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447585/service-seeking-experiences-of-college-aged-sexual-and-intimate-partner-violence-victims-with-a-mental-health-and-or-behavioral-disability
#8
Emily M Nichols, Amy Bonomi, Rebecca Kammes, Elizabeth Miller
OBJECTIVE: To examine mental health service experiences following sexual violence (SV) and intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization among college women with a disability. PARTICIPANTS: College women (n = 27, ages 19 to 24) with a disability who experienced at least one SV/IPV occurrence; interviewed July/August 2016. METHODS: Qualitative study using in-depth interviews, with thematic analysis. RESULTS: Women tended to wait several months (or did not seek care at all) following SV/IPV, because they downplayed their experience (e...
February 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447414/women-with-dissociative-identity-disorder-who-experience-intimate-partner-violence
#9
Briana L Snyder
Women with dissociative identity disorder (DID) are significantly more likely than other women to experience intimate partner violence (IPV). The purpose of this qualitative investigation was to explicate the experiences of women with DID who experience IPV and describe how they cope. Grounded theory was used to conduct this investigation. Purposive sampling was used to recruit participants (N = 5) for face-to-face, semi-structured interviews. Verbatim transcripts were coded and categorized, and reflective memos were developed to explicate substantive categories...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445418/local-constructions-of-gender-based-violence-amongst-idps-in-northern-uganda-analysis-of-archival-data-collected-using-a-gender-and-age-segmented-participatory-ranking-methodology
#10
Alastair Ager, Carolyn Bancroft, Elizabeth Berger, Lindsay Stark
Background: Gender-based violence (GBV) is a significant problem in conflict-affected settings. Understanding local constructions of such violence is crucial to developing preventive and responsive interventions to address this issue. Methods: This study reports on a secondary analysis of archived data collected as part of formative qualitative work - using a group participatory ranking methodology (PRM) - informing research on the prevalence of GBV amongst IDPs in northern Uganda in 2006...
2018: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444627/beliefs-about-sexual-intimate-partner-violence-perpetration-among-adolescents-in-south-africa
#11
Katri Pöllänen, Hein de Vries, Catherine Mathews, Francine Schneider, Petrus J de Vries
Sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) is a public health problem worldwide. Research regarding beliefs about perpetrating sexual IPV is, however, limited. This study investigated attitudes, social influence, and self-efficacy beliefs and intentions toward perpetrating sexual IPV among Grade 8 adolescents ( M age = 13.73, SD = 1.04) in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. The study sample was taken from the baseline data of the Promoting sexual and reproductive health among adolescents in Southern and Eastern Africa (PREPARE) study, a cluster-randomized controlled trial...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444626/experiences-of-intimate-partner-violence-victims-with-police-and-the-justice-system-in-canada
#12
Michael D Saxton, Laura Olszowy, Jennifer C D MacGregor, Barbara J MacQuarrie, C Nadine Wathen
Legal responses to intimate partner violence (IPV) can determine whether and how those exposed to IPV seek help. Understanding the victim's perspective is essential to developing policy and practice standards, as well as informing professionals working in policing and the justice system. In this survey study, we utilized a subset of 2,831 people who reported experiencing IPV to examine (a) rates of reporting to the police; (b) experiences with, and perceived helpfulness of, police; (c) rates of involvement with the criminal and family law systems, including protection orders; and (d) experiences with, and perceived helpfulness of, the justice system...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443854/universal-screening-for-intimate-partner-and-sexual-violence-in-trauma-patients-what-about-the-men-an-east-multicenter-trial
#13
Tanya L Zakrison, Rishi Rattan, Davel Milian Valdés, Xiomara Ruiz, Rondi Gelbard, John Cline, David Turay, Xian Luo-Owen, Nicholas Namias, Jessica George, Dante Yeh, Daniel Pust, Brian H Williams
INTRODUCTION: A recent EAST-supported, multicenter trial demonstrated a similar rate of intimate partner and sexual violence (IPSV) between male and female trauma patients, regardless of mechanism. Our objective was to perform a subgroup analysis of our affected male cohort as this remains an understudied group in the trauma literature. METHODS: We conducted a recent EAST-supported, cross-sectional, multicenter trial over one year (03/15-04/16) involving four Level I trauma centers throughout the United States...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441804/using-social-media-to-explore-the-consequences-of-domestic-violence-on-mental-health
#14
Mingming Liu, Jia Xue, Nan Zhao, Xuefei Wang, Dongdong Jiao, Tingshao Zhu
A great deal of research has focused on the negative consequences of domestic violence (DV) on mental health. However, current studies cannot provide direct and reliable evidence on the impacts of DV on mental health in a short term as it is not feasible to measure mental health shortly before and after an unpredictable event like DV. This study aims to explore the short-term outcomes of DV on individuals' mental health. We collected a sample of 232 victims (77% female) and 232 nonvictims (gender and location matched with 232 victims) on Sina Weibo...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441596/responding-to-intimate-partner-violence-healthcare-providers-current-practices-and-views-on-integrating-a-safety-decision-aid-into-primary-care-settings
#15
Carmen Alvarez, Katrina Debnam, Amber Clough, Kamila Alexander, Nancy E Glass
Supportive care for survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV) remains limited in primary care settings. Low-income and Spanish-speaking survivors of IPV are even more disadvantaged, given the dearth of linguistically and culturally appropriate interventions for IPV. We conducted semi-structured individual interviews with 17 healthcare workers, including physicians, nurses, and social workers, to describe how healthcare workers serving primarily low-income, Latina populations are currently screening and responding to IPV disclosure, and to explore the acceptability of integrating an interactive, personalized safety decision aid application-myPlan app-into the clinic setting...
February 14, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440761/intimate-partner-violence-correlates-with-a-higher-hiv-incidence-among-msm-a-12-month-prospective-cohort-study-in-shenyang-china
#16
Hong-Yi Wang, Ning Wang, Zhen-Xing Chu, Jing Zhang, Xiang Mao, Wen-Qing Geng, Yong-Jun Jiang, Hong Shang, Jun-Jie Xu
Intimate partner violence (IPV) and HIV are highly prevalent worldwide among MSM. However, the association between IPV and HIV seroconversion is virtually unknown. This 12-month prospective cohort study was conducted among MSM in Shenyang, China to explore the causality between IPV and the incidence of HIV. Adjusted Hazard Ratios (aHRs) of HIV acquisition were derived from a multivariate time-dependent Cox model and applied to calculate population attributable fractions (PAFs). Among 476 HIV-negative MSM subjects, 89(18...
February 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436362/screening-tool-for-psychological-intimate-partner-violence-portuguese-validation-of-the-psychological-maltreatment-of-women-inventory
#17
Rita Começanha, Ângela Maia
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The Psychological Maltreatment of Women Inventory-Short Form (PMWI-SF) is a well-established and brief instrument for assessing psychological intimate partner violence (IPV). In the absence of a specific tool to assess psychological IPV in Portuguese women, this study sought to confirm the factor structure of the Portuguese PMWI-SF and analyze its psychometric properties. METHOD: Five hundred and six women filled out the e-survey including the assessment of IPV (Revised Conflict Tactics Scales, Psychological Abuse Survey, and PMWI-SF) and psychopathology through the Brief Symptom Inventory...
February 1, 2018: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435785/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-postpartum-depression-in-home-visiting-programs-prevalence-association-and-mediating-mechanisms
#18
Joshua P Mersky, Colleen E Janczewski
Objectives In this study, we examined the prevalence of postpartum depression (PPD) and its association with select demographic factors and antenatal conditions. We also investigated whether greater exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) is associated with PPD, and if antenatal conditions mediate the ACE-PPD relationship. Methods Data were collected from 735 low-income women receiving home visiting services. Descriptive and bivariate analyses provided estimates of PPD and its correlates, and nested path analyses were used to test for mediation...
February 12, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435357/right-from-the-start-protocol-for-a-pilot-study-for-a-randomised-trial-of-the-new-baby-programme-for-improving-outcomes-for-children-born-to-socially-vulnerable-mothers
#19
Geraldine Macdonald, Fiona Alderdice, Mike Clarke, Oliver Perra, Fiona Lynn, Theresa McShane, Sharon Millen
Background: Children born to mothers who experience social complexity (e.g. substance misuse, intimate partner violence, mental ill health, a history of maltreatment) are at increased risk for a range of adverse outcomes at birth and during development. Home visiting programmes have been advocated as a strategy for improving outcomes for disadvantaged mothers and children, such as the Nurse-Family Partnership for young, socially disadvantaged first-time mothers. However, no evidence-based programme is available for multiparous women or older first-time mothers...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435353/exploring-links-between-common-mental-health-problems-alcohol-substance-use-and-perpetration-of-intimate-partner-violence-a-rapid-ethnographic-assessment-with-men-in-urban-kenya
#20
A Schafer, P Koyiet
Introduction: Kenya has some of the highest rates of gender-based violence (GBV) in the world, particularly intimate partner violence. World Vision completed a rapid ethnographic assessment to explore common problems faced by men and local perspectives about the links between men, mental health, alcohol use and GBV. Methods: Data from community free-listing surveys (n = 52), four focus group discussions and two key informant interviews formed the basis for thematic analysis and findings...
2018: Global Mental Health
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