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Pregnancy exercise

Sakineh Haydari, Manouchehr Safari, Sam Zarbakhsh, Ahmad Reza Bandegi, Hossein Miladi-Gorji
This study was designed to investigate whether free access to a running wheel during pregnancy in morphine-dependent mothers would influence the viability, proliferation and BDNF levels of bone marrow stromal cells in rat pups. Pregnant rats were made dependent by chronic administration of morphine in drinking water simultaneously with free access to a running wheel. Male pups are weaned at 21days of birth and their bones marrows were aspirated from the femurs and tibias and also the bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) cultured...
October 13, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
Sansnee Jirojwong, Suzanne Brownhill, Hannah G Dahlen, Maree Johnson, Virginia Schmied
Issue addressed: In many developed countries the rate of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) for Asian-born women is higher than other groups. Studies suggest that some women have limited knowledge of the disease and poor self-management leading to health problems for themselves and their baby. Few studies report the experience of GDM among Southeast Asian migrant women living in Australia and factors that influence their management of the disease. Methods: A qualitative interpretive design was used to explore Southeast Asian migrant women's experience and management of GDM...
October 13, 2016: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
Liying Ying, Xiaomin Chen, Lai Har Wu, Jing Shu, Xiangli Wu, Alice Yuen Loke
PURPOSE: Couples as dyads suffer from the diagnosis of infertility and related treatment. These couples commonly experience emotional and physical pain and tension in their marital lives. The purpose of this study is to report on the process of developing a potentially feasible and effective complex intervention for couples undergoing in vitro fertilization treatment in China. METHODS: The Medical Research Council (MRC) framework for developing and evaluating the complex intervention was adopted to guide the development of the Partnership and Coping Enhancement Programme (PCEP)...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Liga Blyholder, Elizabeth Chumanov, Kathleen Carr, Bryan Heiderscheit
BACKGROUND: With a recent increase in running popularity, more women choose to run during and after pregnancy. Little research has examined exercise behaviors and postpartum health conditions of runners. HYPOTHESIS: Antenatal and postpartum exercise is beneficial in reducing certain postpartum health conditions. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 5. METHODS: A self-administered, online survey was developed that consisted of questions regarding antenatal and postpartum exercise behaviors, maternal history, and postpartum health conditions...
October 14, 2016: Sports Health
Joshua H Baker, Scott D Rothenberger, Christopher E Kline, Michele L Okun
OBJECTIVES/BACKGROUND: Pregnant women report disturbed sleep beginning in early pregnancy. Among nonpregnant populations, exercise has been associated with improved sleep; however, research in pregnant samples has been equivocal. We examined whether varying degrees of exercise were associated with better nocturnal sleep among pregnant women during early gestation. PARTICIPANTS: 172 pregnant women. METHODS: Self-reported sleep and exercise and objective sleep were collected during early gestation: T1 (10-12 weeks), T2 (14-16 weeks), and T3 (18-20 weeks) from 172 pregnant women...
October 14, 2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Kari Bø, Raul Artal, Ruben Barakat, Wendy Brown, Michael Dooley, Kelly R Evenson, Lene A H Haakstad, Karin Larsen, Bengt Kayser, Tarja I Kinnunen, Michelle F Mottola, Ingrid Nygaard, Mireille van Poppel, Britt Stuge, Gregory A L Davies
This is Part 2 of 5 in the series of evidence statements from the IOC expert committee on exercise and pregnancy in recreational and elite athletes. Part 1 focused on the effects of training during pregnancy and on the management of common pregnancy-related symptoms experienced by athletes. In Part 2, we focus on maternal and fetal perinatal outcomes.
October 12, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Konstantina Dipla, Areti Triantafyllou, Iris Grigoriadou, Evangelia Kintiraki, Georgios A Triantafyllou, Pavlos Poulios, Ioannis S Vrabas, Andreas Zafeiridis, Stella Douma, Dimitrios G Goulis
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a risk factor for the development of endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular disease. However, in vivo microvascular endothelial function in GDM has not been investigated. This study aimed to examine, using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), whether: (1) there are differences in microvascular reactivity and skeletal muscle oxygen consumption (m[Formula: see text]) at rest and during exercise between GDM and uncomplicated pregnancies; and (2) there is an association of NIRS indices with macrovascular function and cardiovascular disease risk factors...
October 8, 2016: Diabetologia
Kate Maslin
Excessive weight gain during pregnancy is associated with poor maternal and neonatal health outcomes. A Cochrane Review found that healthful diet and/or exercise interventions reduced the risk of excessive gestational weight gain on average by 20%. The largest reduction occurred with combined diet and supervised exercise interventions.
October 2016: Nursing for Women's Health
Gustavo Tadeu Volpato, Rafaianne Queiroz Moraes-Souza, Thaigra Sousa Soares, Thais Leal-Silva, Débora Cristina Damasceno
Diabetes mellitus is a syndrome of great importance that affects an increasing number of people every day. In particular, diabetes is a common and important disease during pregnancy and is marked by complications, both fetal and maternal, that increase the risks of morbidity and mortality for diabetic pregnant women and their offspring. Drugs such as insulin and hypoglycemic drugs are given to treat diabetes, but regular exercise and adequate diet have also been indicated. Furthermore, coadjutant therapies such as medicinal plants are popularly used to reduce diabetes-induced hyperglycemia, either within or outside the context of pregnancy...
October 3, 2016: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Britta Kühne, Bernd Genser, Freia De Bock
BACKGROUND: In children, autonomic nervous function is related to various highly prevalent health problems and might therefore represent an early indicator of ill health. AIMS: We aimed to investigate the role of early-life exposures and physical activity (PA) as potential determinants of autonomic function at preschool age. STUDY DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: We used an existing longitudinal data set of repeated vagal tone measurements (assessed via heart rate recovery (HRR)) and retrospectively assessed early-life exposures in 1052 children (mean age: 59...
September 28, 2016: Early Human Development
Afrozul Haq, Sunil J Wimalawansa, Pawel Pludowski, Fatme Al Anouti
In the UAE and the Gulf region in general, there are several intricate public health issues in the context of vitamin D deficiency that needs to be addressed. Changes in lifestyle such as diet, lack of exercise, cultural habits, avoiding sun exposure due to excessive heat, and other risk factors predispose those who live in GULF countries, such as Emiratis likely to becoming vitamin D deficient. Consequently, the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency is high, and new guidelines are needed to overcome this major public health issue...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Claire L Meek
Gestational diabetes (GDM) is a common pregnancy disorder which is generally managed with diet, exercise, metformin or insulin treatment and which usually resolves after delivery of the infant. Identifying and treating GDM improves maternal and fetal outcomes, and allows for health promotion to reduce the mother's risk of type 2 diabetes in later life. However, there remains considerable controversy about the optimal method of identification and diagnosis of women with GDM. The NICE-2015 diagnostic criteria (75g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) 0 hr ⩾5...
September 28, 2016: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
Virginia A Aparicio, Olga Ocón, Carmen Padilla-Vinuesa, Alberto Soriano-Maldonado, Lidia Romero-Gallardo, Milkana Borges-Cósic, Irene Coll-Risco, Pilar Ruiz-Cabello, Pedro Acosta-Manzano, Fernando Estévez-López, Inmaculada C Álvarez-Gallardo, Manuel Delgado-Fernández, Jonatan R Ruiz, Mireille N Van Poppel, Julio J Ochoa-Herrera
BACKGROUND: During pregnancy, a sedentary lifestyle may have negative consequences on maternal and foetal health status. The main objective of this project is to assess the effects of an exercise intervention in overweight and grade I obese pregnant on maternal and foetal health markers. METHODS/DESIGN: The present study aims to recruit 60 overweight and grade I obese women interested in participating in an exercise intervention program from the 17th gestational week until delivery...
September 29, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Dan Xu, Yingshuo Wang, Zhimin Chen, Shuxian Li, Yungai Cheng, Li Zhang, Lingzhi Zhao
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a global problem. Prevalence varies among different countries and cities. We aimed to obtain the prevalence, describe the characteristics, and discover factors that may relate to asthma in Hangzhou. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Hangzhou. The subjects were children aged 14 years and younger. A control group of non-asthma children that matched in age and sex with each asthmatic patient was also randomly selected and interviewed...
September 27, 2016: Respiratory Research
Nitin Joseph, Chidambara Krishnan, B Ashish Reddy, Nurul Afiqah Adnan, Low Mei Han, Yeoh Jing Min
BACKGROUND: Uterine prolapse is a common problem among women in developing countries. It is known to cause physical and psychosocial problems affecting the quality of life of patients. This study was done to determine the risk factors, clinical features, and management practices in uterine prolapse (UP). METHODS: A review of 350 case records of UP cases admitted between 2009 and 2014 was done in tertiary care hospitals. RESULTS: Mean age at presentation of UP was 52...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Raffaele Bruno, Elisabetta Petrella, Valentina Bertarini, Giulia Pedrielli, Isabella Neri, Fabio Facchinetti
This study aims to determine whether the prescription of a detailed lifestyle programme in overweight/obese pregnant women influences the occurrence of gestational diabetes (GDM), and if this kind of prescription increases the adherence to a healthier lifestyle in comparison to standard care. The study was designed as a randomized controlled trial, with open allocation, enrolling women at 9-12 weeks of pregnancy with a BMI ≥ 25 kg/m(2) . The women assigned to the Intervention group (I = 96) received a hypocaloric, low-glycaemic, low-saturated fat diet and physical activity recommendations...
September 19, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Maria Lindqvist, Marie Lindkvist, Eva Eurenius, Margareta Persson, Anneli Ivarsson, Ingrid Mogren
BACKGROUND: Physical activity during pregnancy is generally considered safe and beneficial for both the pregnant woman and her fetus. The overall aim was to investigate pregnant women's pre-pregnancy and early pregnancy physical activity and its associations with maternal characteristics and pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: This cross-sectional study combined data from the Maternal Health Care Register in Västerbotten (MHCR-VB) and the Salut Programme Register (Salut-R)...
October 2016: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
Janet R Heller, Ariel L Sarmiento
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of risk behaviors related to cigarette use, alcohol use, nutrition, physical fitness, and sexual behavior. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 1,075 students attending an urban community college during the Spring 2012 semester. METHODS: Data were collected in randomly selected classes using the American College Health Association National College Health Assessment II (ACHA-NCHA II) paper survey and analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 22 for frequencies and chi-square test of independence...
August 16, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Cintia Carmos-Silva, Jônathas Almeida, Larissa Macedo, Marcos B Melo, Gustavo Pedrino, Fernanda Santos, Manoel Biancardi, Robson Augusto Souza Santos, Adryano Carvalho, Elizabeth Mendes, Diego Colugnati, Renata Mazaro-Costa, Carlos Castro
Previous studies have demonstrated a protective effect of the Ang-(1-7)/Mas receptor axis on pathological cardiac hypertrophy. Also, the involvement of Mas receptor in the exercise-induced cardiac hypertrophy has been suggested. However, the role of the Ang-(1-7)/Mas receptor on pregnancy-induced cardiac remodeling remains unknown. The objective of this study was to evaluate the participation of the Mas receptor in the development of the cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis induced by gestation. Female Wistar rats were shared in 3 groups: control , pregnant , and pregnant treated with Mas receptor antagonist A-779 ...
September 13, 2016: Clinical Science (1979-)
Elise Labonte-Lemoyne, Daniel Curnier, Dave Ellemberg
Accumulating research indicates that the regular practice of physical exercise is beneficial to the human brain. From the improvement of academic achievement in children to the prevention of Alzheimer's disease in the elderly, exercise appears beneficial across the developmental spectrum. Recent work from animal studies also indicates that a pregnant mother can transfer the benefits of exercise during gestation to her offspring's brain. Exercising pregnant rats give birth to pups that have better memory and spatial learning as well as increased synaptic density...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
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