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Pregnancy exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736387/effect-of-pregnancy-on-ventricular-and-aortic-dimensions-in-repaired-tetralogy-of-fallot
#1
Matthew Cauldwell, Michael A Quail, Gillian S Smith, Ee Ling Heng, Sarah Ghonim, Anselm Uebing, Lorna Swan, Wei Li, Roshni R Patel, Dudley J Pennell, Philip J Steer, Mark R Johnson, Michael A Gatzoulis, Sonya V Babu-Narayan
BACKGROUND: The aim was to assess whether cardiovascular adaptation to pregnancy in women with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) adversely affects hemodynamic stability, in particular with respect to right ventricular (RV) dilatation, pulmonary regurgitation, or aortic root dilatation. METHODS AND RESULTS: This was a retrospective cohort study of women with repaired TOF with paired cardiovascular magnetic resonance scans before and after their first pregnancy (baseline RV end systolic volume index 49 mL/m(2) and RV end diastolic volume index 118 mL/m(2)) matched with a comparison group of nulliparous women with TOF...
July 23, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727648/is-something-missing-from-antenatal-education-a-survey-of-pregnant-women-s-knowledge-of-pelvic-floor-disorders
#2
Julia M Geynisman-Tan, Debra Taubel, Tirsit S Asfaw
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe the knowledge on pelvic floor disorders among a cross section of pregnant women. STUDY DESIGN: This was an institutional review board-approved cross-sectional survey study of pregnant women with a gestational age of more than 18 weeks at a single tertiary care institution. Participants completed the validated 24-item Prolapse and Incontinence Knowledge Questionnaire, and responses were graded to determine a raw accuracy score (0-100%)...
July 20, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727231/nulliparity-is-associated-with-subtle-adverse-metabolic-outcomes-in-overweight-obese-mothers-and-their-offspring
#3
Sumudu N Seneviratne, José G B Derraik, Yannan Jiang, Lesley M E McCowan, Silmara Gusso, Janene B Biggs, Graham K Parry, Valentina Chiavaroli, Wayne S Cutfield, Paul L Hofman
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate metabolic outcomes in overweight/obese nulliparous and multiparous women and their offspring. STUDY DESIGN: Seventy-two overweight and obese women who participated in a randomized controlled trial of exercise in pregnancy were included in the study, comparing 18 nulliparous and 54 multiparous women and their singleton offspring. Women were assessed at 19 and 36 weeks of gestation. Fetal growth was measured using standard obstetric ultrasound techniques...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724550/diet-and-exercise-in-pregnancy
#4
EDITORIAL
Marian Knight, Charlie Foster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721648/recall-of-prenatal-counselling-among-obese-and-overweight-women-from-a-canadian-population-a-population-based-study
#5
Angela E Vinturache, Anika Winn, Suzanne C Tough
Objective The objective of this study was to evaluate the recall of prenatal counselling received among overweight and obese women in primary care settings. Methods A sample of 1996 women with singleton, term deliveries and pre-pregnancy BMI >18.5 kg/m(2) were identified from the All Our Babies pregnancy cohort. Information on socio-demographic characteristics and women's experiences with prenatal counselling on nutrition, vitamin and mineral supplements, exercise, weight gain, employment, alcohol and drug use, and smoking during pregnancy were collected through questionnaires administered at <25 weeks and 34-36 weeks gestation...
July 18, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720239/effect-of-diet-and-exercise-intervention-in-chinese-pregnant-women-on-gestational-weight-gain-and-perinatal-outcomes-a-quasi-experimental-study
#6
Yan Qun Liu, Yun Liu, Yun Hua, Xiao Li Chen
Aim To determine the effect of a diet and exercise intervention in pregnant women on total gestational weight gain, weekly weight gain, 42-days postpartum weight retention, mode of delivery, and infant birth weight. METHODS: One hundred and one eligible Chinese pregnant women whose pre-pregnancy body mass index ranged from 18.5 to 24.9 were recruited between June 2013 and June 2014 from a tertiary hospital. Ninety participants, 45 in each group, completed the study. Intervention women received three face-to-face interventions and three follow-up phone calls which were developed based on the Transtheoretical Model...
August 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715061/physical-activity-assessment-during-gestation-and-its-outcomes-a-review
#7
Wanda Forczek, Marta Curyło, Barbara Forczek
Background: Physical activity recommendations emphasize a positive influence of exercise on health. It is particularly recognized during pregnancy for both the mother and fetus. Aim: This review aims to identify the main trends of activity undertaken by women during gestation and to find out how it affects the expecting mother and her child. Methods: Review of the literature comprising the following databases: PubMed, Academic Search Complete, Health Source-Consumer Edition, Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition, EMBASE (2000 to May 2013), used detailed search strategies...
July 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709517/continuity-of-sleep-problems-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood-results-from-a-longitudinal-study
#8
Yaqoot Fatima, Suhail A R Doi, Jake M Najman, Abdullah Al Mamun
BACKGROUND: Considering the lack of evidence on incidence and continuity of sleep problems from adolescence to young adulthood, this study explores sleep problems' incidence and their continuation rates from 14 to 21 years. METHODS: Sleep data from the 14-year (n = 4,924) and 21-year (n = 3660) follow-up of the Mater-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy cohort were used. Sociodemographic, lifestyle, and psychological conditions were explored for their role in sleep problems...
August 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702867/exercise-to-support-indigenous-pregnant-women-to-stop-smoking-acceptability-to-m%C3%A4-ori
#9
Vaughan Roberts, Marewa Glover, Lesley McCowan, Natalie Walker, Michael Ussher, Ihirangi Heke, Ralph Maddison
Objectives Smoking during pregnancy is harmful for the woman and the unborn child, and the harms raise risks for the child going forward. Indigenous women often have higher rates of smoking prevalence than non-indigenous. Exercise has been proposed as a strategy to help pregnant smokers to quit. Māori (New Zealand Indigenous) women have high rates of physical activity suggesting that an exercise programme to aid quitting could be an attractive initiative. This study explored attitudes towards an exercise programme to aid smoking cessation for Māori pregnant women...
July 12, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702506/prenatal-depression-risk-factors-developmental-effects-and-interventions-a-review
#10
Tiffany Field
This narrative review based on a literature search in PubMed and PsycInfo on the two terms prenatal and antenatal depression includes empirical studies, reviews and meta-analyses that have been published during the last 5 years on risk factors, developmental effects and interventions for prenatal depression. Risk factor studies that met criteria feature demographic measures (lower socioeconomic status, less education, non-marital status, non-employment, less social support and health locus of control, unintended pregnancy, partner violence and history of child abuse) and physiological variables (cortisol, amylase, and pro-inflammatory cytokines and intrauterine artery resistance)...
February 2017: Journal of Pregnancy and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702436/paternal-physical-exercise-improves-spatial-learning-ability-by-enhancing-hippocampal-neuroplasticity-in-male-pups-born-from-obese-maternal-rats
#11
Hye-Sang Park, Tae-Woon Kim
Maternal obesity exerts negative effects on cognitive function and behavior of the offspring. In the present study, we assessed the effects of paternal physical exercise on spatial learning ability in relation with hippocampal neuroplasticity in the rat pups born from the obese maternal rats. There were four experimental groups: paternal nonexercised male pups from normal maternal rats, paternal exercised male pups from normal maternal rats, paternal nonexercised male pups from obese maternal rats, and paternal exercised male pups from obese maternal rats...
June 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700892/healthy-eating-and-active-living-after-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-heald-gdm-rationale-design-and-proposed-evaluation-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Steven T Johnson, Ana B Mladenovic, Nonsikelelo Mathe, Margie H Davenport, Sonia Butalia, Weiyu Qiu, Jeffrey A Johnson
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common complication in pregnancy and a significant risk factor for type 2 diabetes (T2D). Most women who have had GDM are not engaging in health behaviours known to reduce their risk for developing future T2D. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a lifestyle modification program targeting healthy eating and active living behaviours after a GDM pregnancy. METHOD: This trial will randomize 100 women to either a lifestyle modification program or a control condition...
July 9, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699434/physical-activity-for-pregnant-women
#13
Petra Kendall-Raynor
Essential facts The UK's chief medical officers (CMOs) have published new advice on physical exercise for pregnant women in the form of an infographic. It is aimed at providing midwives, nurses, GPs, obstetricians and gynaecologists, as well as leisure sector professionals, with the latest evidence on physical activity during pregnancy.
July 12, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693969/the-influence-of-physical-activity-in-water-on-sleep-quality-in-pregnant-women-a-randomised-trial
#14
R Rodriguez-Blanque, J C Sánchez-García, A M Sánchez-López, N Mur-Villar, M J Aguilar-Cordero
INTRODUCTION: Sleep is a physiological state of self-regulation. The international classification of sleep disorders now includes as a new category those occurring during pregnancy. Regular physical activity is known to improve the quality of life, one aspect of which is sleep quality. During pregnancy, physical activity is decreased but should not be eliminated, as studies have reported a high correlation between sleep disorders and the absence of physical activity. Regular physical exercise during pregnancy, whether performed in water or out of it, provides greater control of gestational weight gain...
July 7, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690436/a-rat-model-of-fetal-alcohol-syndrome-a-series-of-undergraduate-laboratory-exercises-for-biopsychology-courses
#15
Ana M H Kehrberg, Jenna N Parrish, Sasha A Eby
Many undergraduate students are aware that consuming alcohol during pregnancy can result in many serious physical and behavioral deficits. Student interest in this clinical syndrome allows instructors to provide engaging laboratory exercises that relate topics covered in most biopsychology courses to Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS). Through this series of experiments, students will use rodents to study the behavioral deficits that can be caused by developmental alcohol exposure, including impaired ultrasonic vocalizations, hyperactivity, balance, and spatial learning...
2017: Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education: JUNE: a Publication of FUN, Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678599/benefits-of-physical-activities-centered-on-the-trunk-for-pregnant-women
#16
Eric Watelain, Antonio Pinti, Racha Doya, Cyril Garnier, Hechmi Toumi, Samuel Boudet
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of a trunk exercise program on pain, quality of life (QoL) and physical health (PH) in the late pregnancy and post-partum periods as well as baby weight and size and delivery. METHODS: 90 nulliparous women were allocated based on voluntarism to a training group (TG) or to a control group (CG). TG carried out a structured program with exercises for flexibility, balance and strengthening for the majority of skeletal muscles specifically for the spinal ones, between the 24th and 36th week of pregnancy...
July 5, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662836/conceptions-of-pregnancy-health-and-motivations-for-healthful-behavior-change-among-women-in-american-samoa
#17
Erica L Kocher, Jeanette M Sternberg Lamb, Stephen T McGarvey, Mata'uitafa Faiai, Bethel T Muasau-Howard, Nicola L Hawley
BACKGROUND: American Samoan women are particularly at risk of obesity-related non-communicable disease (NCD), requiring efficacious interventions to protect their health and that of their infants. Prior studies have identified pregnancy as an ideal time for behavior change interventions related to NCD. AIM: This study aimed to understand American Samoan women's conceptions of health during pregnancy, their motivations for pregnancy behavior change, and the role of their family in both enabling and preventing these changes...
June 26, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651450/determinants-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-case-control-study
#18
Berhanu Elfu Feleke
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus is glucose intolerance first recognized during pregnancy. The objective of this study was to identify the determinant factors of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. METHODS: An unmatched case-control study was conducted. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the profile of study participants and binary logistic regression was used to identify the determinants of gestational diabetes mellitus. RESULTS: Gestational diabetes mellitus was associated with history of abortion (AOR 5...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648583/resistance-to-breastfeeding-a-foucauldian-analysis-of-breastfeeding-support-from-health-professionals
#19
Narges Alianmoghaddam, Suzanne Phibbs, Cheryl Benn
BACKGROUND: Despite widespread consensus regarding the health benefits of breastfeeding, the prevalence of six months exclusive breastfeeding is very low in developed countries including New Zealand. AIM: This paper aims to evaluate the role that health professionals play in promoting exclusive breastfeeding in New Zealand. METHODS: Qualitative research involving face to face postpartum interviews conducted four to six weeks after the birth with 30 new mothers who lived in New Zealand and had identified in a short antenatal questionnaire that they intended to practice exclusive breastfeeding for six months...
June 22, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647310/effect-of-a-web-based-positive-psychology-intervention-on-prenatal-well-being-a-case-series-study
#20
Giulia Corno, Ernestina Etchemendy, Macarena Espinoza, Rocío Herrero, Guadalupe Molinari, Alba Carrillo, Constance Drossaert, Rosa Maria Baños
BACKGROUND: Detrimental effects of women's negative feelings during pregnancy have been extensively examined and documented, but research on the influence of positive feelings and protective factors on their prenatal mental health is scarce. Evidence from the positive psychology field has shown that practicing some brief positive exercises, called positive psychology interventions, can maximize well-being by increasing positive emotions, engagement, and meaning. AIM: The aim of this study is to examine the effect of a positive psychology web-based intervention on indices of women's prenatal well-being...
June 21, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
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