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Obesidad

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759994/efectividad-de-la-suplementaci%C3%A3-n-de-calcio-en-la-dismunici%C3%A3-n-de-grasa-corporal-en-personas-obesas-un-overviewde-revisiones-sistem%C3%A3-ticas
#1
Raúl Aguilera Eguía, Paula Jessica Jorquera Pino, Claudia Jaqueline Salgado, Cherie Flores
Introducción: actualmente la obesidad es considerada un problema de salud pública, y en la mayor parte de los países ha evolucionado como una pandemia, presentando un incremento en su prevalencia y severidad.Objetivo:resumir las revisiones sistemáticas Cochrane y no Cochrane que evalúen el efecto de la suplementación de calcio en la disminución de grasa corporal en personas obesas.Materiales y métodos: se realizó una búsqueda en la base de datos Medline (1980-septiembre 2015), Metabuscador TripDatabase y Epistemonikos (hasta septiembre 2015), Cochrane BVS (hasta septiembre 2015), se buscó de forma manual en revistas relacionadas con el tema de interés, en actas de congresos, se realizó seguimiento de referencias relevantes y se contactó con expertos en el área...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759970/ingesta-de-energ%C3%A3-a-y-nutrientes-en-ni%C3%A3-os-de-2-4-a%C3%A3-os-que-asisten-al-programa-%C3%A2-buen-comienzo%C3%A2-medell%C3%A3-n-colombia-energy-and-nutrients-intake-in-childre
#2
Natalia Inés Ledesma Ríos, Diana María Sepúlveda Herrera, Diana Liseth Cárdenas Sánchez, Luz Mariela Manjarrés Correa
Introducción: a escala mundial y nacional se reporta una alta prevalencia de sobrepeso y obesidad en menores de 5 años. La etiología es multifactorial, pero factores ambientales como sedentarismo y el progresivo deterioro de la alimentación promueven el exceso de peso y conllevan a mayor riesgo de enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles en temprana edad.Objetivo: describir la ingesta de alimentos, energía y nutrientes en los niños de 2-4 años con obesidad y eutróficos del programa "Buen Comienzo".Método: estudio de corte con 111 niños con obesidad clasificada según IMC >3 DE, que fueron pareados por sexo, edad y tipo de atención con un niño clasificado con estado nutricional normal...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759969/bajos-niveles-de-rendimiento-f%C3%A3-sico-vo2-max-y-elevada-prevalencia-de-obesidad-en-escolares-de-9-a-14-a%C3%A3-os-de-edad
#3
Felipe Caamaño Navarrete, Pedro Delgado Floody, Daniel Jerez Mayorga, Aldo Osorio Poblete
Introducción: bajos niveles de actividad física, moderada y vigorosa, son un factor de riesgo conductual importante en la obesidad en niños.Objetivo: el objetivo del estudio fue determinar el estado nutricional y la condición física de escolares, comparando los resultados obtenidos por género, obesidad y rendimiento físico.Material y métodos:578 escolares: 308 hombres de 11,22 ± 1,93 años y 270 mujeres de 10,93 ± 1,92 años participaron en la investigación. Fueron evaluados: índice de masa corporal (IMC), porcentaje de masa grasa (%MG), contorno de cintura (CC), razón cintura-estatura (RCE) y rendimiento físico según los test del Estudio Nacional de Educación Física de la Agencia de Calidad de la Educación de Chile...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759964/composici%C3%A3-n-corporal-en-ni%C3%A3-os-y-adolescentes-en-b%C3%A3%C2%BAsqueda-de-la-t%C3%A3-cnica-ideal
#4
Diego Bellido, Virginia Bellido
El sobrepeso y la obesidad se definen como un depósito anormal o excesivo de grasa corporal. El aumento de su prevalencia en las últimas décadas lo convierte en uno de los principales problemas de salud pública que afecta a 42 millones de niños menores de 5 años en el mundo. Su presencia durante la infancia puede ser causa de enfermedades metabólicas hasta ahora consideradas típicas del adulto y mortalidad prematura, por lo que su correcto diagnóstico y tratamiento son fundamentales.
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759823/increased-ultrasensitive-c-reactive-protein-is-not-associated-with-obesity-in-hospitalized-heart-failure-patients
#5
Vânia Ames Schommer, Airton Tetelbom Stein, Aline Marcadenti, Estefania Inez Wittke, André Luís Câmara Galvão, Guido Bernardo Aranha Rosito
Objective: To evaluate the association between obesity and levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in patients with heart failure admitted to a tertiary hospital. Methods: Cross-sectional study with a consecutive sampling of hospitalized patients with heart failure. Sociodemographic and clinical data were collected, and the nutritional status was assessed through indicators such as body mass index (in kg/m2), waist circumference (in cm), waist-hip ratio, triceps skinfold (in mm) and subscapularis skinfold (in mm)...
July 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737391/development-of-height-and-body-mass-index-after-pediatric-kidney-transplantation-experience-of-the-nephrology-pediatric-service-at-hcfmrp-usp-2005-2014
#6
Elaine Hillesheim, Valéria Laguna Salomão Ambrósio, Inalda Facincani
Introduction: Chronic kidney disease in children often determines poor nutritional status. Although renal transplantation (RTx) resolves endocrine and metabolic disorders, growth continues to be suboptimal and excessive weight gain may result in obesity. Objectives: Evaluating the development of height and body mass index in renal transplanted children and adolescents and identifying associated factors with final nutritional status. Methods: We reviewed the medical records of 17 patients with regular follow-ups up to 24 months after RTx...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683794/from-complex-evolving-to-simple-current-revisional-and-endoscopic-procedures-following-bariatric-surgery
#7
Ricardo Zorron, Manoel Passos Galvão-Neto, Josemberg Campos, Alcides José Branco, José Sampaio, Tido Junghans, Claudia Bothe, Christian Benzing, Felix Krenzien
Background: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is a standard therapy in bariatric surgery. Sleeve gastrectomy and gastric banding, although with good results in the literature, are showing higher rates of treatment failure to reduce obesity-associated morbidity and body weight. Other problems after bariatric may occur, as band erosion, gastroesophageal reflux disease and might be refractory to medication. Therefore, a laparoscopic conversion to a RYGB can be an effective alternative, as long as specific indications for revision are fulfilled...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683793/sleeve-gastrectomy-in-patients-with-morbid-obesity-and-hiv
#8
José Máximo Costa Pinto, Marianna Gomes Cavalcanti Leite de Lima, Ana Luiza Melo Cavalcanti de Almeida, Marcelo Gonçalves Sousa
Introduction: It is estimated that there are nearly 40 million people with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) worldwide. Due to the advent of antiretroviral drugs, it has been observed increasing in obesity and metabolic rates among patients undergoing treatment. Thus, numerous surgical therapies for weight loss are proposed for continuous improvement in health of patients with HIV, being the vertical gastrectomy an option for intact intestinal transit. Objective: To evaluate the applicability of the vertical gastrectomy in patients with morbid obesity and HIV...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683792/impact-of-vitamin-d-and-calcium-deficiency-in-the-bones-of-patients-undergoing-bariatric-surgery-a-systematic-review
#9
Jefry Alberto Vargas Cabral, Gabriela Pereira de Souza, Juliana de Almeida Nascimento, Luis Fernando Simoneti, Carolina Marchese, Silvia Helena de Carvalho Sales-Peres
Introduction: Bariatric surgery is considered the most effective tool in the control and treatment of severe obesity, but patients undergoing this procedure are at increased risk of developing nutritional deficiencies by limiting the intake and absorption of many nutrients. Objective: To assess the impact of vitamin D deficiency and calcium in bone in patients after gastric bypass in Roux-en-Y, pointing directly at the type of administration, doses and effects after surgery...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683791/pathophysiology-diagnosis-and-treatmentof-dumping-syndrome-and-its-relation-to-bariatric-surgery
#10
Yasmin da Silva Chaves, Afrânio Côgo Destefani
Introduction: The dumping syndrome is frequent in bariatric surgery. It is probably the most common syndrome following partial or complete gastrectomy. Its prevalence in partial gastrectomy can reach up to 50%, thus it can be a significant complication arising from some types of bariatric surgeries. Objective: Critical analysis on dumping syndrome, its pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment. Methods: A literature review was performed using the key words: 'dumping syndrome', 'bariatric surgery' and 'rapid dumping syndrome'...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683789/tendinopathy-and-obesity
#11
Adham do Amaral E Castro, Thelma Larocca Skare, Paulo Afonso Nunes Nassif, Alexandre Kaue Sakuma, Wagner Haese Barros
Introduction: Tendinopathies and tendon tears account for over 30% of all musculoskeletal consultations. Obesity, which is becoming one of the world´s most prevalent public health issues, may be associated with this condition. Objective: To review the literature about tendinopathies and obesity association. Methods: This is a descriptive exploratory study using the portal Medline. Literature in English language from 2006 to 2014 were reviewed...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683788/the-role-of-metabolic-surgery-for-patients-with-obesity-grade-i-and-type-2-diabetes-not-controlled-clinically
#12
Josemberg Campos, Almino Ramos, Thomaz Szego, Bruno Zilberstein, Heládio Feitosa, Ricardo Cohen
Introduction: Even considering the advance of the medical treatment in the last 20 years with new and more effective drugs, the outcomes are still disappointing as the control of obesity and type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) with a large number of patients under the medical treatment still not reaching the desired outcomes. Objective: To present a Metabolic Risk Score to better guide the surgical indication for T2DM patients with body mass index (BMI) where surgery for obesity is still controversial...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683786/endoscopic-sleeve-gastroplasty-minimally-invasive-therapy-for-primary-obesity-treatment
#13
Manoel Dos Passos Galvão-Neto, Eduardo Grecco, Thiago Ferreira de Souza, Luiz Gustavo de Quadros, Lyz Bezerra Silva, Josemberg Marins Campos
Background: Less invasive and complex procedures have been developed to treat obesity. The successful use of Endoscopic Sleeve Gastroplasty using OverStitch(r) (Apollo Endosurgery, Austin, Texas, USA) has been reported in the literature. Aim: Present technical details of the procedure and its surgical/ endoscopic preliminary outcome. Method: The device was used to perform plications along the greater curvature of the stomach, creating a tubulization similar to a sleeve gastrectomy...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683782/knee-arthroscopic-visibility-alterations-in-obese-and-non-obese-patients
#14
Cássio Zini, Edmar Stieven-Filho, Fernando Issamu Tabushi, Carmen Australia Paredes Marcondes Ribas, Fernanda Marcondes Ribas, Ana Cristina Opolski, Bruna Olandoski Erbano
Background: Obesity is a chronic disease and has become the most prevalent public health problem worldwide. The impact of obesity on knee is strong and the BMI is correlated with the different alterations. Aim: Compare surgical visualization of arthroscopic field in partial meniscectomy in obese and non-obese. Method: Sixty patients were selected, 30 obese and 30 non-obese who underwent arthroscopic partial meniscectomy. The arthroscopic surgical procedures were recorded and analyzed...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683781/early-postoperative-complications-in-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#15
Aluisio Stoll, Leandro Rosin, Mariana Fernandes Dias, Bruna Marquiotti, Giovana Gugelmin, Gabriela Fanezzi Stoll
Background: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is one of the most common bariatric surgery and leads to considerable weight loss in the first months. Aim: To quantify the main early postoperative complications in patients submitted to the gastric bypass. Method: Observational retrospective cohort. Data of 1051 patients with class II obesity associated with comorbidities or class III obesity submitted to the gastric bypass with 30 days of follow-up starting from the date of the surgery...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683779/serum-vitamin-b12-iron-and-folic-acid-deficiencies-in-obese-individuals-submitted-to-different-bariatric-techniques
#16
Rafaella de Andrade Silva, Flávia Monteiro França Malta, Maria Flora Ferreira Sampaio Carvalho Correia, Maria Goretti Pessoa de Araújo Burgos
Background: Different surgical techniques to combat obesity combine malabsorption with restrictive procedures and can lead to metabolic problems, such as micronutrient deficiencies. Aim: Assess vitamin B12, iron and folic acid deficiencies associated with the lifestyle of obese individuals having been submitted to different bariatric techniques. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed using the electronic charts of patients submitted to bariatric surgery involving adjustable gastric banding and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass at the São João Hospital Center in the city of Porto, Portugal, between 2005 and 2010...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683778/assessment-of-body-fat-in-obese-patients-preoperatively-for-bariatric-surgery
#17
Mônica Fernandez, Rosana Farah Toimil, Zied Rasslan, Elias Jirjoss Ilias, Ana Lúcia Torloni Gradinar, Carlos Alberto Malheiros
Background: The study of body composition in patient candidates for bariatric surgery is directly related to the increase and distribution of body fat in the development of cardiovascular disease. Aim: To correlate anthropometric indicators and bioelectrical impedance in the assessment of body fat in female candidates for bariatric surgery. Methods: Cross-sectional, observational study of 88 women. The weight, height, body mass index and waist circumference data were evaluated in the anthropometric analysis...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683777/masticatory-function-of-obese-candidates-to-bariatric-surgery-from-distinct-socioeconomic-classes
#18
Celso Roberto Passeri, Jacira Alves Caracik de Camargo Andrade, Karla Thaíza Tomal, Eduardo Marcucci Pracucho, Livia Paschoalino de Campos, Silvia Helena de Carvalho Sales-Peres
Background: Obesity and metabolic syndrome can be labeled as worldwide outbreak; thus, both have led to serious public health problem. Oral health can be worsened by both, obesity and metabolic syndrome. Tooth loss harms masticatory function, essential status to whom will be submitted to bariatric surgery. Aim: Assess masticatory function of obese candidates to bariatric surgery, who belong to distinct socioeconomic class range, in order to recognize hazard factors and the bias of socioeconomic factor in this context...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683774/evaluation-of-the-thoracoabdominal-mobility-of-obese-subjects-in-pre-bariatric-surgery
#19
Ana Paula Limongi Richardelli Veloso, Karla Garcez Cusmanich
Background: Obesity can affect the thorax, diaphragm, and alterations in respiratory function even if the lungs are within normality. The respiratory compliance is very reduced by the increase in fat mass. Aim: To evaluate the effect of the physical therapeutic respiratory exercises on the thoracoabdominal mobility of obese individuals in pre-bariatric surgery. Methods: Cross-sectional and descriptive study, which used the cirtometry (axillary, xiphoid and abdominal) to evaluate the mobility of 74 individuals, 27 men and 47 women, in pre-bariatric surgery, assisted by the team EMAD, after eight weeks of physiotherapy, following a protocol of exercises, reevaluating and compared the measures pre and post intervention...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683773/gastric-and-jejunal-histopathological-changes-in-patients-undergoing-bariatric-surgery
#20
Rosemary Simões Nomelini Rodrigues, Élia Cláudia de Souza Almeida, Silvia Maria Perrone Camilo, Júverson Alves Terra-Júnior, Lucinda Calheiros Guimarães, Ana Cristina da Rocha Duque, Renata Margarida Etchebehere
Background: Morbid obesity is a multifactorial disease that increasingly is being treated by surgery. Aim: To evaluate gastric histopathological changes in obese, and to compare with patients who underwent gastrojejunal bypass and the jejunal mucosa after the surgery. Methods: This is an observational study performed at a tertiary public hospital, evaluating endoscopic biopsies from 36 preoperative patients and 35 postoperative. Results: In the preoperative group, 80...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
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