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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766736/spanish-consensus-document-on-bariatric-endoscopy-part-1-general-considerations
#1
Eduardo Espinet Coll, Gontrand López-Nava Breviere, Javier Nebreda Durán, Carlos Marra-López Valenciano, Román Turró Arau, José Miguel Esteban López-Jamar, Miguel Muñoz-Navas
Obesity is a chronic multifactorial, incurable, recurrent, and progressive disease associated with significant physical and psychological complications, and considerable morbidity and mortality. For this reason, the assessment, management, and follow-up of obese patients should take place in the setting of a multidisciplinary unit equipped with adequate human and structural resources. Medical treatment using hygienic-dietary measures, while indispensable, may be insufficient, and surgery, which is reserved for severe or morbid obesity, is not exempt from complications neither is to the liking of many patients...
May 16, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733056/asociaci%C3%A3-n-de-leptina-con-factores-cardiometab%C3%A3-licos-en-escolares-y-adolescentes-con-hiperplasia-suprarrenal-cong%C3%A3-nita
#2
Jessie Nallely Zurita-Cruz, Miguel Ángel Villasís-Keever, Leticia Damasio-Santana, Leticia Manuel-Apolinar, Rosalba Ferrusca-Ceja, Elisa Nishimura-Meguro, Aleida de J Rivera-Hernández, Eulalia Garrido-Magaña
Introducción: En la hiperplasia suprarrenal congénita (HSC), la obesidad, la hiperinsulinemia y los niveles de leptina se encuentran incrementados. Objetivo: Identificar la frecuencia de los factores de riesgo cardiometabólico (FRC) en niños y adolescentes con HSC y explorar la relación con los niveles de leptina. Método: Estudio transversal de 40 pacientes a quienes se realizó somatometría y evaluación de glucosa, insulina, triglicéridos, 17-hidroxiprogesterona, leptina, colesterol HDL y LDL en ayuno...
2018: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731294/derivation-and-validation-of-a-predictive-model-for-the-readmission-of-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-treated-in-internal-medicine-departments
#3
J Ena, R Gómez-Huelgas, B C Gracia-Tello, P Vázquez-Rodríguez, J N Alcalá-Pedrajas, F J Carrasco-Sánchez, B Murcia-Casas, M Romero-Sánchez, J V Segura-Heras, J Carretero
OBJECTIVES: We developed a predictive model for the hospital readmission of patients with diabetes. The objective was to identify the frail population that requires additional strategies to prevent readmissions at 90 days. METHODS: Using data collected from 1977 patients in 3 studies on the national prevalence of diabetes (2015-2017), we developed and validated a predictive model of readmission at 90 days for patients with diabetes. RESULTS: A total of 704 (36%) readmissions were recorded...
May 4, 2018: Revista Clínica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624343/oxidative-stress-in-the-elderly-with-diabetes-mellitus-or-hypertension
#4
Aleida Rodríguez-Castañeda, Katia Leticia Martínez-González, Rosalinda Sánchez-Arenas, Sergio Sánchez-García, Israel Grijalva, Lourdes Basurto-Acevedo, Juan Cuadros-Moreno, Eliseo Ramírez-García, Paola García-de la Torre
Background: Mexico City has the highest aging rate in the country, as well as a high prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension (HT). It is known that each one of these conditions increase oxidative stress (OS) independently. Methods: With this study we described changes in OS of 18 patients without DM or HT (controls), 12 with DM, 23 with HT, and 18 with DM and HT, all of them members of the COSFAMM (Cohorte de Obesidad, Sarcopenia y Fragilidad en Adultos Mayores de México)...
2018: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565154/prevalence-of-childhood-overweight-obesity-in-spain-1993-2011-and-associated-risk-factors-in-2011-prevalencia-de-sobrepeso-y-obesidad-infa
#5
María Julia Ajejas Bazán, María Isabel Jiménez-Trujillo, Julia Wärnberg, Silvia Domínguez Fernández, Ana López-de-Andrés, Napoleón Pérez-Farinós
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity is a recognized public health problem. The present work reports the changing prevalence of childhood overweight/obesity in Spanish boys and girls over the period 1993-2011, and examines the risk factors apparent in 2011. METHODS: Children with a body mass index (BMI) of ≥ 25 were deemed overweight, and those with a BMI of ≥ 30 were deemed obese. Overweight and obesity was consistently more common among boys than among girls. RESULTS: The prevalence of overweight and obesity in Spain increased over the study period...
January 16, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401296/changes-in-keratin-8-18-expression-in-human-granulosa-cell-lineage-are-associated-to-cell-death-survival-events-potential-implications-for-the-maintenance-of-the-ovarian-reserve
#6
F Gaytan, C Morales, J Roa, M Tena-Sempere
STUDY QUESTION: Is keratin 8/18 (K8/K18) expression linked to cell death/survival events in the human granulosa cell lineage? SUMMARY ANSWER: A close association exists between changes in K8/K18 expression and cell death/survival events along the human granulosa cell lineage lifespan. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: In addition to their structural and mechanical functions, K8/K18 play essential roles regulating cell death, survival and differentiation in several non-gonadal epithelial tissues...
April 1, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099118/relationship-of-hyperuricemia-with-low-density-lipoprotein-liver-function-tests-and-markers-of-systemic-inflammation-in-patients-with-morbid-obesity
#7
José Israel León-Pedroza, Galileo Escobedo, Antonio González-Chávez
Objective: To examine the relationship of uric acid levels with parameters of systemic inflammation, metabolic dysfunction as well as anthropometric parameters and liver function tests in subjects with morbid obesity. Methods: C-reactive protein (CRP), tumour necrosis factor-alpha, and interleukin 10 (IL-10) were analyzed in 49 women and men with morbid obesity, relating these markers with uric acid, hepatic function tests, anthropometric and metabolic parameters...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099111/subtle-metabolic-alterations-in-adolescents-with-obesity-and-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome
#8
Víctor Saúl Vital-Reyes, Mardia Guadalupe Lopez-Alarcón, Patricia Inda-Icaza, Concepción Márquez-Maldonado
Objective: To evaluate the frequency of some subtle metabolic alterations in a group of adolescents with obesity and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional, comparative study was conducted in a group of adolescents with obesity, and characterized as with or without PCOS according with the Rotterdam Consensus. Medical history, anthropometry, gynecologic pelvic ultrasound (to evaluate ovarian volumes, number of antral follicles and endometrial width), as well as serum glucose, insulin, lipoproteins, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor alpha, total testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone, sexual hormones binding globulin, leptin, adiponectin and insulin-like growth factor 1, the free-androgen index, free and available testosterone, and homeostatic model assessment index were calculated...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943259/-spanish-collaborative-study-description-of-usual-clinical-practice-in-infant-obesity
#9
Alfonso Lechuga Sancho, Enrique Palomo Atance, María José Rivero Martin, Mercedes Gil-Campos, Rosaura Leis Trabazo, María Pilar Bahíllo Curieses, Gloria Bueno Lozano
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity is a high prevalence health problem. Although there are clinical guidelines for its management, there is variability in its clinical approach. The aim of this study is to describe the usual clinical practice in Paediatric Endocrinology Units in Spain and to evaluate if it resembles the recommended guidelines. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An observational, cross-sectional and descriptive study was carried out by means of a questionnaire sent to paediatric endocrinologists of the Spanish Society of Paediatric Endocrinology...
September 21, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832745/predictors-of-mediastinitis-risk-after-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-applicability-of-score-in-1-322-cases
#10
Fabiana Dos Santos Oliveira, Letícia Delfino Oliveira de Freitas, Eneida Rejane Rabelo-Silva, Laura Maggi da Costa, Renato Abdala Karam Kalil, Maria Antonieta Pereira de Moraes
BACKGROUND: Mediastinitis is a severe surgical complication of low incidence, but high lethality. Scores used in the preoperative period to stratify the risk of postoperative mediastinitis may contribute to improve the results. OBJECTIVE: To test the applicability of the MagedanzSCORE in predicting the risk factors for mediastinitis in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting at a cardiology reference hospital. METHODS: Historical cohort study with adult patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting...
September 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767924/elderly-with-knee-osteoarthritis-should-perform-nutritional-assessment-integrative-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Isabelle Ferreira da Silva Souza, Rosa Sá de Oliveira Neta, Juliana Maria Gazzola, Marcelo Cardoso de Souza
To review scientific literature to assess nutritional status of elderly patients with osteoarthritis in the last 16 years. This is an integrative literature review that included articles published in national and international journals indexed in PubMed, SciELO and BIREME. We selected 14 articles, and English language was predominant. The year of publication of articles ranged from 2006 to 2016, and most of papers were cross-sectional studies. To gather papers and for posterior evaluate, we used a validated data collection instrument and the included studies were critical analyzed by reading, gathering and analysis of articles...
April 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767909/association-of-subclinical-inflammation-glycated-hemoglobin-and-risk-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#12
Carolina Vicaria Rodrigues D'Aurea, Bruno Gion de Andrade Cerazi, Antonio Gabriele Laurinavicius, Carolina Castro Porto Silva Janovsky, Raquel Dilguerian de Oliveira Conceição, Raul D Santos, Márcio Sommer Bittencourt
Objective: To investigate the inter-relation between high sensitivity C-reactive protein and glycated hemoglobin in prediction of risk of obstructive sleep apnea. Methods: We included all individuals participating in a check-up program at the Preventive Medicine Center of Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein in 2014. The Berlin questionnaire for risk of obstructive sleep apnea was used, and the high sensitivity C-reactive protein and glycated hemoglobin levels were evaluated...
April 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746521/playful-interventions-increase-knowledge-about-healthy-habits-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-children-the-cardiokids-randomized-study
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Fátima H Cecchetto, Daniela B Pena, Lucia C Pellanda
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is an important health problem worldwide. In this context, there is a need for the development and evaluation of innovative educational interventions targeting prevention and formation of health habits. OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the impact of ludic workshops on children's knowledge, self-care, and body weight. METHODS: This was a randomized, clinical study with 79 students aged 7-11 years, conducted from March to November 2012...
September 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699973/healthy-school-happy-school-design-and-protocol-for-a-randomized-clinical-trial-designed-to-prevent-weight-gain-in-children
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Daniela Schneid Schuh, Maíra Ribas Goulart, Sandra Mari Barbiero, Caroline D'Azevedo Sica, Raphael Borges, David William Moraes, Lucia Campos Pellanda
Background: Schools have become a key figure for the promotion of health and obesity interventions, bringing the development of critical awareness to the construction and promotion of a healthy diet, physical activity, and the monitoring of the nutritional status in childhood and adolescence. Objectives: To describe a study protocol to evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention designed to improve knowledge of food choices in the school environment. Methods: This is a cluster-randomized, parallel, two-arm study conducted in public elementary and middle schools in Brazil...
June 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678923/cardiac-amyloidosis-and-its-new-clinical-phenotype-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#15
REVIEW
Evandro Tinoco Mesquita, Antonio José Lagoeiro Jorge, Celso Vale Souza, Thais Ribeiro de Andrade
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is now an emerging cardiovascular epidemic, being identified as the main phenotype observed in clinical practice. It is more associated with female gender, advanced age and comorbidities such as hypertension, diabetes, obesity and chronic kidney disease. Amyloidosis is a clinical disorder characterized by the deposition of aggregates of insoluble fibrils originating from proteins that exhibit anomalous folding. Recently, pictures of senile amyloidosis have been described in patients with HFpEF, demonstrating the need for clinical cardiologists to investigate this etiology in suspect cases...
July 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677981/physical-activity-exercise-and-sport-practice-to-fight-against-youth-and-childhood-obesity
#16
Exernet Red Española de Investigación En Ejercicio Físico y Salud, Germán Vicente-Rodríguez, Pedro J Benito, José A Casajús, Ignacio Ara, Susana Aznar, Manuel J Castillo, Cecilia Dorado, Alejandro González-Agüero, Javier González-Gallego, Marcela González-Gross, Luis Gracia-Marco, Ángel Gutiérrez, Narcis Gusi, David Jiménez-Pavón, Alejandro Lucía, Sara Márquez, Luis Moreno, Francisco B Ortega, José Antonio De Paz, Jonatan R Ruiz, José Antonio Serrano, Josep A Tur, Jara Valtueña
The aim of this document (written by professionals in physical activity and health EXERNET - Red Española de Investigación en Ejercicio Físico y Salud-) is to propose a list of recommendations about the practice of the physical and sport activity that in an individual, familiar and institutional level, help to prevent and manage the obesity in childs and teenagers.
December 7, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675833/evaluation-of-compliance-with-the-spanish-code-of-self-regulation-of-food-and-drinks-advertising-directed-at-children-under-the-age-of-12-years-in-spain-2012
#17
K León-Flández, A Rico-Gómez, M Á Moya-Geromin, M Romero-Fernández, M J Bosqued-Estefania, J Damián, L López-Jurado, M Á Royo-Bordonada
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate compliance levels with the Spanish Code of self-regulation of food and drinks advertising directed at children under the age of 12 years (Publicidad, Actividad, Obesidad, Salud [PAOS] Code) in 2012; and compare these against the figures for 2008. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Television advertisements of food and drinks (AFD) were recorded over 7 days in 2012 (8am-midnight) of five Spanish channels popular to children...
September 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658336/analysis-of-obese-patients-medical-conditions-in-the-pre-and-postoperative-periods-of-bariatric-surgery
#18
Anderson DA Silva Rêgo, Aline Zulin, Sandro Scolari, Sônia Silva Marcon, Cremilde Aparecida Trindade Radovanovic
Objective: to compare the clinical conditions of obese patients in the pre and postoperative period of bariatric surgery. Methods: we carried out a descriptive, retrospective, quantitative study by consulting the charts of 134 patients who underwent bariatric surgery in the period from 2009 to 2014. We collected the data between September and November 2015. We performed a descriptive statistical analysis and comparative analysis of anthropometric, metabolic, biochemical and clinical variables, considering six months before and after surgery...
March 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627214/effects-of-green-tea-and-its-epigallocatechin-egcg-content-on-body-weight-and-fat-mass-in-humans-a-systematic-review
#19
Lucía Cristina Vázquez Cisneros, Patricia López-Uriarte, Antonio López-Espinoza, Mónica Navarro Meza, Ana Cristina Espinoza-Gallardo, Martha Beatriz Guzmán Aburto
The prevalence and incidence of overweight and obesity worldwide continues to increase, as well as diseases related to these conditions. This is attributed to an increase in energy intake and a decrease in energy expenditure. Consumption of green tea has been linked to a reduction in body fat and body weight. However, research on green tea has been very diverse. This review assesses the investigations that have been made with green tea and its epigallocatechin gallato (EGCG) content, evaluating its effect on body fat and body weight in humans...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627209/anorexia-and-bulimia-nervosa-virtual-diffusion-of-the-disease-as-a-lifestyle
#20
Gina Lladó, Rocío González-Soltero, María José Blanco Fernández de Valderrama
Introduction: Adolescence is a vulnerable period for the onset of eating disorders (ED) such as anorexia and bulimia nervosas. Body dissatisfaction, a precipitating factor for ED, leads adolescents to seek information on the Internet about diets. In this context, pro-Ana (proanorexia) and pro-Mia (probulimia) are on-line pages that promulgate highly harmful contents for health related to weight loss and ED. Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyze quantity, quality and social diffusion strategies used by pro-Ana and pro-Mia webpages...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
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