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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099118/relaci%C3%A3-n-de-la-hiperuricemia-con-las-lipoprote%C3%A3-nas-de-baja-densidad-las-pruebas-de-funcionamiento-hep%C3%A3-tico-y-los-marcadores-de-inflamaci%C3%A3-n-sist%C3%A3-mica-en-pacientes-con-obesidad-m%C3%A3-rbida
#1
José Israel León-Pedroza, Galileo Escobedo, Antonio González-Chávez
Objective: To examine the relationship of uric acid levels with parameters of systemic inflammation, metabolic dysfunction as well as anthropometric parameters and liver function tests in subjects with morbid obesity. Methods: C-reactive protein (CRP), tumour necrosis factor-alpha, and interleukin 10 (IL-10) were analyzed in 49 women and men with morbid obesity, relating these markers with uric acid, hepatic function tests, anthropometric and metabolic parameters...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099111/subtle-metabolic-alterations-in-adolescents-with-obesity-and-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome
#2
Víctor Saúl Vital-Reyes, Mardia Guadalupe Lopez-Alarcón, Patricia Inda-Icaza, Concepción Márquez-Maldonado
Objective: To evaluate the frequency of some subtle metabolic alterations in a group of adolescents with obesity and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional, comparative study was conducted in a group of adolescents with obesity, and characterized as with or without PCOS according with the Rotterdam Consensus. Medical history, anthropometry, gynecologic pelvic ultrasound (to evaluate ovarian volumes, number of antral follicles and endometrial width), as well as serum glucose, insulin, lipoproteins, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor alpha, total testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone, sexual hormones binding globulin, leptin, adiponectin and insulin-like growth factor 1, the free-androgen index, free and available testosterone, and homeostatic model assessment index were calculated...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943259/-spanish-collaborative-study-description-of-usual-clinical-practice-in-infant-obesity
#3
Alfonso Lechuga Sancho, Enrique Palomo Atance, María José Rivero Martin, Mercedes Gil-Campos, Rosaura Leis Trabazo, María Pilar Bahíllo Curieses, Gloria Bueno Lozano
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity is a high prevalence health problem. Although there are clinical guidelines for its management, there is variability in its clinical approach. The aim of this study is to describe the usual clinical practice in Paediatric Endocrinology Units in Spain and to evaluate if it resembles the recommended guidelines. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An observational, cross-sectional and descriptive study was carried out by means of a questionnaire sent to paediatric endocrinologists of the Spanish Society of Paediatric Endocrinology...
September 21, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832745/predictors-of-mediastinitis-risk-after-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-applicability-of-score-in-1-322-cases
#4
Fabiana Dos Santos Oliveira, Letícia Delfino Oliveira de Freitas, Eneida Rejane Rabelo-Silva, Laura Maggi da Costa, Renato Abdala Karam Kalil, Maria Antonieta Pereira de Moraes
BACKGROUND: Mediastinitis is a severe surgical complication of low incidence, but high lethality. Scores used in the preoperative period to stratify the risk of postoperative mediastinitis may contribute to improve the results. OBJECTIVE: To test the applicability of the MagedanzSCORE in predicting the risk factors for mediastinitis in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting at a cardiology reference hospital. METHODS: Historical cohort study with adult patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting...
September 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767924/elderly-with-knee-osteoarthritis-should-perform-nutritional-assessment-integrative-literature-review
#5
REVIEW
Isabelle Ferreira da Silva Souza, Rosa Sá de Oliveira Neta, Juliana Maria Gazzola, Marcelo Cardoso de Souza
To review scientific literature to assess nutritional status of elderly patients with osteoarthritis in the last 16 years. This is an integrative literature review that included articles published in national and international journals indexed in PubMed, SciELO and BIREME. We selected 14 articles, and English language was predominant. The year of publication of articles ranged from 2006 to 2016, and most of papers were cross-sectional studies. To gather papers and for posterior evaluate, we used a validated data collection instrument and the included studies were critical analyzed by reading, gathering and analysis of articles...
April 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767909/association-of-subclinical-inflammation-glycated-hemoglobin-and-risk-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#6
Carolina Vicaria Rodrigues D'Aurea, Bruno Gion de Andrade Cerazi, Antonio Gabriele Laurinavicius, Carolina Castro Porto Silva Janovsky, Raquel Dilguerian de Oliveira Conceição, Raul D Santos, Márcio Sommer Bittencourt
Objective: To investigate the inter-relation between high sensitivity C-reactive protein and glycated hemoglobin in prediction of risk of obstructive sleep apnea. Methods: We included all individuals participating in a check-up program at the Preventive Medicine Center of Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein in 2014. The Berlin questionnaire for risk of obstructive sleep apnea was used, and the high sensitivity C-reactive protein and glycated hemoglobin levels were evaluated...
April 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746521/playful-interventions-increase-knowledge-about-healthy-habits-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-children-the-cardiokids-randomized-study
#7
Fátima H Cecchetto, Daniela B Pena, Lucia C Pellanda
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is an important health problem worldwide. In this context, there is a need for the development and evaluation of innovative educational interventions targeting prevention and formation of health habits. OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the impact of ludic workshops on children's knowledge, self-care, and body weight. METHODS: This was a randomized, clinical study with 79 students aged 7-11 years, conducted from March to November 2012...
September 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699973/healthy-school-happy-school-design-and-protocol-for-a-randomized-clinical-trial-designed-to-prevent-weight-gain-in-children
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Daniela Schneid Schuh, Maíra Ribas Goulart, Sandra Mari Barbiero, Caroline D'Azevedo Sica, Raphael Borges, David William Moraes, Lucia Campos Pellanda
Background: Schools have become a key figure for the promotion of health and obesity interventions, bringing the development of critical awareness to the construction and promotion of a healthy diet, physical activity, and the monitoring of the nutritional status in childhood and adolescence. Objectives: To describe a study protocol to evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention designed to improve knowledge of food choices in the school environment. Methods: This is a cluster-randomized, parallel, two-arm study conducted in public elementary and middle schools in Brazil...
June 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678923/cardiac-amyloidosis-and-its-new-clinical-phenotype-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#9
Evandro Tinoco Mesquita, Antonio José Lagoeiro Jorge, Celso Vale Souza, Thais Ribeiro de Andrade
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is now an emerging cardiovascular epidemic, being identified as the main phenotype observed in clinical practice. It is more associated with female gender, advanced age and comorbidities such as hypertension, diabetes, obesity and chronic kidney disease. Amyloidosis is a clinical disorder characterized by the deposition of aggregates of insoluble fibrils originating from proteins that exhibit anomalous folding. Recently, pictures of senile amyloidosis have been described in patients with HFpEF, demonstrating the need for clinical cardiologists to investigate this etiology in suspect cases...
July 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677981/physical-activity-exercise-and-sport-practice-to-fight-against-youth-and-childhood-obesity
#10
Exernet Red Española de Investigación En Ejercicio Físico y Salud, Germán Vicente-Rodríguez, Pedro J Benito, José A Casajús, Ignacio Ara, Susana Aznar, Manuel J Castillo, Cecilia Dorado, Alejandro González-Agüero, Javier González-Gallego, Marcela González-Gross, Luis Gracia-Marco, Ángel Gutiérrez, Narcis Gusi, David Jiménez-Pavón, Alejandro Lucía, Sara Márquez, Luis Moreno, Francisco B Ortega, José Antonio De Paz, Jonatan R Ruiz, José Antonio Serrano, Josep A Tur, Jara Valtueña
El propósito del presente documento es proponer desde el grupo de expertos en ejercicio físico y salud de EXERNET (Red Española de Investigación en Ejercicio Físico y Salud) una serie de recomendaciones sobre la práctica de la actividad física y deportiva que a nivel individual, familiar e institucional ayuden a prevenir y tratar la obesidad infantil y juvenil, basadas en la evidencia científica actual.
December 7, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675833/evaluation-of-compliance-with-the-spanish-code-of-self-regulation-of-food-and-drinks-advertising-directed-at-children-under-the-age-of-12-years-in-spain-2012
#11
K León-Flández, A Rico-Gómez, M Á Moya-Geromin, M Romero-Fernández, M J Bosqued-Estefania, J Damián, L López-Jurado, M Á Royo-Bordonada
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate compliance levels with the Spanish Code of self-regulation of food and drinks advertising directed at children under the age of 12 years (Publicidad, Actividad, Obesidad, Salud [PAOS] Code) in 2012; and compare these against the figures for 2008. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Television advertisements of food and drinks (AFD) were recorded over 7 days in 2012 (8am-midnight) of five Spanish channels popular to children...
September 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658336/analysis-of-obese-patients-medical-conditions-in-the-pre-and-postoperative-periods-of-bariatric-surgery
#12
Anderson DA Silva Rêgo, Aline Zulin, Sandro Scolari, Sônia Silva Marcon, Cremilde Aparecida Trindade Radovanovic
Objective: to compare the clinical conditions of obese patients in the pre and postoperative period of bariatric surgery. Methods: we carried out a descriptive, retrospective, quantitative study by consulting the charts of 134 patients who underwent bariatric surgery in the period from 2009 to 2014. We collected the data between September and November 2015. We performed a descriptive statistical analysis and comparative analysis of anthropometric, metabolic, biochemical and clinical variables, considering six months before and after surgery...
March 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627214/effects-of-green-tea-and-its-epigallocatechin-egcg-content-on-body-weight-and-fat-mass-in-humans-a-systematic-review
#13
Lucía Cristina Vázquez Cisneros, Patricia López-Uriarte, Antonio López-Espinoza, Mónica Navarro Meza, Ana Cristina Espinoza-Gallardo, Martha Beatriz Guzmán Aburto
The prevalence and incidence of overweight and obesity worldwide continues to increase, as well as diseases related to these conditions. This is attributed to an increase in energy intake and a decrease in energy expenditure. Consumption of green tea has been linked to a reduction in body fat and body weight. However, research on green tea has been very diverse. This review assesses the investigations that have been made with green tea and its epigallocatechin gallato (EGCG) content, evaluating its effect on body fat and body weight in humans...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627209/anorexia-y-bulimia-nerviosas-difusi%C3%A3-n-virtual-de-la-enfermedad-como-estilo-de-vida
#14
Gina Lladó, Rocío González-Soltero, María José Blanco Fernández de Valderrama
Introducción: la adolescencia es un periodo vulnerable para padecer trastornos de la conducta alimentaria (TCA) como la anorexia y la bulimia nerviosas. La insatisfacción corporal, uno de los factores precipitantes de los TCA, conduce a las adolescentes a la búsqueda de información sobre dietas en internet. En este contexto, las páginas pro-Ana (proanorexia) y pro-Mía (probulimia) difunden contenidos altamente perjudiciales para la salud relacionados con la pérdida de peso y los TCA.Objetivos: en el presente trabajo se analizan la cantidad, el posicionamiento, la calidad y la difusión de las páginas pro-Ana y pro-Mía...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627181/running-for-your-sperm-benefits-of-physical-exercise-on-seminal-quality
#15
José Carlos Fernández-García
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591350/factors-associated-with-chronic-back-pain-in-adults-in-brazil
#16
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Max Moura de Oliveira, Silvânia Suely Caribé de Araújo Andrade, Waleska Teixeira Caiaffa, Maria de Fatima Marinho de Souza, Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal
OBJECTIVE: To identify associations of chronic back pain with sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyles, body mass index, self-reported chronic diseases and health assessment, according to sex. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2013 National Health Survey, estimated the prevalence and their respective 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) of chronic back pain, according to selected variables and performed adjustment by age and education. RESULTS: 18...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591347/factors-associated-with-self-reported-diabetes-according-to-the-2013-national-health-survey
#17
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal, Betine Pinto Moehlecke Iser, Célia Landmann Szwarcwald, Bruce Bartholow Duncan, Maria Inês Schmidt
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the factors associated with self-reported diabetes among adult participants of the National Health Survey (PNS). METHODS: Cross-sectional study using data of the PNS carried out in 2013, from interviews with adults (≥ 18 years) of 64,348 Brazilian households. The prevalence of self-reported diabetes, assessed by the question "Has a doctor ever told you that you have diabetes?," was related to sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle, self-reported chronic disease, and self-evaluation of the health condition...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591346/prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-self-reported-high-blood-pressure-in-brazilian-adults
#18
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal, Silvânia Suely Caribé de Araújo Andrade, Marta Maria Alves da Silva, Gustavo Velasquez-Melendez
OBJECTIVE: To analyze factors associated with self-reported high blood pressure among adults in Brazilian state capitals. METHODS: The study uses data from Sistema de Vigilância de Fatores de Risco e Proteção para Doenças Crônicas por Inquérito Telefônico (Vigitel - Surveillance System of Risk and Protection Factors of Noncommunicable Diseases by Telephone Survey) collected in 2013. Prevalence rates and their respective 95% confidence intervals by gender were estimated according to sociodemographic variables, lifestyle, reported noncommunicable diseases and self-rated health status...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591252/impact-of-the-use-of-different-diagnostic-criteria-in-the-prevalence-of-dyslipidemia-in-pregnant-women
#19
Alina Coutinho Rodrigues Feitosa, Luciana Tedgue Barreto, Isabela Matos da Silva, Felipe Freire da Silva, Gilson Soares Feitosa
Background: There is a physiologic elevation of total cholesterol (TC) and triglycerides (TG) during pregnancy. Some authors define dyslipidemia (DLP) in pregnant women when TC, LDL and TG concentrations are above the 95th percentile (p95%) and HDL concentration is below the 5th percentile (P5%) for gestational age (GA). Objective: To compare the prevalence of DLP in pregnant women using percentiles criteria with the V Brazilian Guidelines on Dyslipidemia and the association with maternal and fetal outcomes...
July 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562816/influence-of-hormonal-contraceptives-and-the-occurrence-of-stroke-integrative-review
#20
Adman Câmara Soares Lima, Larissa Castelo Guedes Martins, Marcos Venícios de Oliveira Lopes, Thelma Leite de Araújo, Francisca Elisângela Teixeira Lima, Priscila de Souza Aquino, Escolástica Rejane Ferreira Moura
Objective: To identify scientific evidence regarding the influence of hormonal contraceptive use and the occurrence of stroke. Method: Integrative review of the literature, through database search using the descriptors "contraceptive agents", "contraceptive devices", "contraceptives, Oral" and "Stroke". Original studies in Portuguese, Spanish and English, published in full and available online were included. Studies that did not answer our guiding questions and duplicated studies were excluded...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
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