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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549220/the-state-of-clinical-research-in-neurology
#1
Deborah A Hall, Alberto R Ramos, Jeffrey Marc Gelfand, Aleksander Videnovic, Michael Benatar, Carolyn Cahill, Benzi M Kluger, Myla Goldman
OBJECTIVE: To study and provide an update on the state of clinical research in neurology in the United States. METHODS: US American Academy of Neurology members and chairs of departments of neurology were surveyed regarding clinical research in 2016. NIH data on the neuroscience pipeline and extramural grant funding were also collected. RESULTS: The response rate was 32% (n = 254) for nonchair researchers and 58% (n = 67) for department chairs...
March 16, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532387/moving-forward-on-consent-practices-in-australia
#2
Rebekah E McWhirter, Lisa Eckstein
Allowing persons to make an informed choice about their participation in research is a pre-eminent ethical and legal requirement. Almost universally, this requirement has been addressed through the provision of written patient information sheets and consent forms. Researchers and others have raised concerns about the extent to which such forms-particularly given their frequent lengthiness and complexity-provide participants with the tools and knowledge necessary for autonomous decision-making. Concerns are especially pronounced for certain participant groups, such as persons with low literacy and Indigenous persons...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515665/what-do-patients-know-education-from-the-european-lung-foundation-perspective
#3
REVIEW
Pippa Powell, Dan Smyth, Isabel Saraiva, Karin Lisspers, Georgia Hardavella, Juan Fuertes, Kate Hill
The European Lung Foundation (ELF) is an organisation whose mission is to bring together the public and patients with respiratory professionals to improve lung health. A core part of all its activities focus on education: the education of patients on their condition, including how to prevent, treat and manage it; the education of healthcare professionals on how to improve work with patients and awareness about the issues that are important to patients; and education of the public and policy makers of the importance of lung health at a European level...
March 2018: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513211/sterilization-of-ceramic-sharpening-stones
#4
Colin B Wiebe, Bonnie J Hoath, Gethin Owen, Jiarui Bi, Georgios Giannelis, Hannu S Larjava
Traditionally, periodontal hand instruments are honed or sharpened during patient care as they dull easily during contact with enamel, calculus and cementum. This approach is taught in dental and hygiene schools around the world and remains the standard of care. Recently, some professional organizations have questioned whether this practice should be abandoned because of safety issues. Questions have been raised whether sharpening stones can be properly sterilized and whether the sharpening of contaminated instruments poses a health hazard for the provider...
September 2017: Journal—Canadian Dental Association, Journal de L'Association Dentaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370306/impact-of-habitual-physical-activity-and-type-of-exercise-on-physical-performance-across-ages-in-community-living-people
#5
Francesco Landi, Riccardo Calvani, Anna Picca, Matteo Tosato, Anna Maria Martone, Emanuela D'Angelo, Elisabetta Serafini, Roberto Bernabei, Emanuele Marzetti
The maintenance of muscle function into late life protects against various negative health outcomes. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the impact of habitual physical activity and exercise types on physical performance across ages in community-living adults. The Longevity check-up 7+ (Lookup 7+) project is an ongoing cross-sectional survey conducted in unconventional settings (e.g., exhibitions, malls, and health promotion campaigns across Italy) that began on June 1st 2015. The project was designed to raise awareness in the general population on major lifestyle behaviors and risk factors for chronic diseases...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237607/associations-of-pet-ownership-with-biomarkers-of-ageing-population-based-cohort-study
#6
G David Batty, Paola Zaninotto, Richard G Watt, Steven Bell
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prospective relation between animal companionship and biomarkers of ageing in older people. DESIGN: Analyses of data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, an ongoing, open, prospective cohort study initiated in 2002-03. SETTING: Nationally representative study from England. PARTICIPANTS: 8785 adults (55% women) with a mean age of 67 years (SD 9) at pet ownership assessment in 2010-11 (wave 5)...
December 13, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224700/preventing-weakness-and-stiffness-a-top-priority-for-health-and-social-care
#7
REVIEW
Muir Gray, Kenny Butler
With growing evidence that sarcopenia, disability and frailty can be prevented with physical activity, people living with pain, stiffness and weakness due to a musculoskeletal condition should be offered physical activity as a preventive strategy. By changing beliefs and attitudes towards ageing and raising the value and importance of physical activity, disability can be avoided or delayed and the costly burden of social care lessened. The effects of ageing and the effects of muscle strength loss are often confused...
April 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189298/laboratory-examinations-for-the-vestibular-system
#8
Raymond van de Berg, Sally Rosengren, Herman Kingma
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In the last decades, researchers suggested that clinical assessment of labyrinthine function in detail became easy thanks to video head impulse tests (VHITs), vestibular evoked myogenic potential test (VEMP) and video-oculography (VOG). It has been argued that they can replace electronystagmography, the caloric and rotatory chair tests. This review addresses the latest evaluations of these tests and the opportunities they offer, but also the limitations in clinical practice...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172256/uicc-aro-symposium-at-the-uicc-2016-world-cancer-congress-how-can-we-mobilize-action-to-realize-uhc-in-asia
#9
Hideyuki Akaza, Norie Kawahara, Takashi Fukuda, Shigeo Horie, Hasbullah Thabrany, Shinjiro Nozaki
The 2016 World Cancer Congress, organised by UICC, was held in Paris in November 2016, under the theme “Mobilizing action – Inspiring Change.” As part of Track 4 presentations on the theme of “Strengthening cancer control: optimizing outcomes of health systems,” UICC-Asian Regional Office (UICC-ARO) held a symposium to discuss the issue of mobilizing action to realize UHC in Asia. Introducing the symposium, Hideyuki Akaza noted that universal health coverage (UHC) is included in the Sustainable Development Goals and one of the key issues for achieving UHC will be how to balance patient needs with the economic burden of cancer...
November 26, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094785/the-green-dialysis-survey-establishing-a-baseline-for-environmental-sustainability-across-dialysis-facilities-in-victoria-australia
#10
Katherine A Barraclough, Alice Gleeson, Stephen G Holt, John Wm Agar
AIM: The Green Dialysis Survey aimed to 1) establish a baseline for environmental sustainability (ES) across Victorian dialysis facilities, and 2) guide future initiatives to reduce the environmental impact of dialysis delivery. METHODS: Nurse unit managers of all Victorian public dialysis facilities received an online link to the survey, which asked 107 questions relevant to the ES of dialysis services. RESULTS: Responses were received from 71/83 dialysis facilities in Victoria (86%), representing 628/660 dialysis chairs (95%)...
November 2, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955314/nanotechnology-an-untapped-resource-for-food-packaging
#11
REVIEW
Chetan Sharma, Romika Dhiman, Namita Rokana, Harsh Panwar
Food commodities are packaged and hygienically transported to protect and preserve them from any un-acceptable alteration in quality, before reaching the end-consumer. Food packaging continues to evolve along-with the innovations in material science and technology, as well as in light of consumer's demand. Presently, the modern consumers of competitive economies demands for food with natural quality, assured safety, minimal processing, extended shelf-life and ready-to-eat concept. Innovative packaging systems, not only ascertains transit preservation and effective distribution, but also facilitates communication at the consumer levels...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949842/perspectives-of-irb-chairs-on-the-informed-consent-process
#12
Eugene I Kane, Joseph J Gallo
BACKGROUND: Questions have been raised by researchers and ethics committees about whether human research subjects comprehend study participation when signing a research consent form. METHODS: To determine existing beliefs about the informed consent review process, impediments to shorter consent, and augmented/alternative consent methods, a survey of institutional review board (IRB) chairpersons was conducted. RESULTS: IRB chairs expressed concern with (but do not often assess) the length, complexity, and reading level of the consent form or participant comprehension...
April 2017: AJOB Empirical Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738319/meeting-report-intercellular-interactions-in-context-towards-a-mechanistic-understanding-of-cells-in-organs
#13
David Bryant, Aaron Johnson
The Company of Biologists held the workshop 'Intercellular interactions in context: towards a mechanistic understanding of cells in organs' at historic Wiston House in West Sussex, UK, 5-8 February 2017. The meeting brought together around 30 scientists from disparate backgrounds - yet with a common interest of how tissue morphogenesis occurs and its dysregulation leads to pathologies - to intensively discuss their latest research, the current state of the field, as well as any challenges for the future. This report summarises the concepts and challenges that arose as key questions for the fields of cell, cancer and developmental biology...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661106/-43-years-to-the-establishment-of-the-faculty-of-medicine-in-the-negev
#14
Shifra Shvarts
On March 21, 1973, Israel's Council of Higher Education (CHE) was convened by Yigal Alon, the Council's chair and the Minister of Education, to vote on whether to approve a proposal to establish a school of medicine in the Negev. In the preliminary discussion, Avraham Harman, the president of the Hebrew University in Jerusalem turned to Professor Moshe Prywes, the president of Ben-Gurion University in the Negev and commented: "Be assured, a school of medicine in Beer Sheva won't pass." At the close of the discussion, the twenty members of the CHE were asked to vote...
June 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415885/fatigue-and-pain-limit-independent-mobility-and-physiotherapy-after-hip-fracture-surgery
#15
Kristine H Münter, Christopher G Clemmesen, Nicolai B Foss, Henrik Palm, Morten T Kristensen
PURPOSE: The patient's ability to complete their planned physiotherapy session after hip fracture surgery has been proposed as an independent predictor for achieving basic mobility independency upon hospital discharge. However, knowledge of factors limiting mobility is sparse. We therefore examined patient reported factors limiting ability to complete planned physiotherapy sessions as well as limitations for not achieving independency in basic mobility early after hip fracture surgery...
April 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199376/acceptability-of-the-6-pack-falls-prevention-program-a-pre-implementation-study-in-hospitals-participating-in-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Anna L Barker, Renata T Morello, Darshini R Ayton, Keith D Hill, Caroline A Brand, Patricia M Livingston, Mari Botti
There is limited evidence to support the effectiveness of falls prevention interventions in the acute hospital setting. The 6-PACK falls prevention program includes a fall-risk tool; 'falls alert' signs; supervision of patients in the bathroom; ensuring patients' walking aids are within reach; toileting regimes; low-low beds; and bed/chair alarms. This study explored the acceptability of the 6-PACK program from the perspective of nurses and senior staff prior to its implementation in a randomised controlled trial...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159030/health-and-wellbeing-boards-public-health-decision-making-bodies-or-political-pawns
#17
Z Greaves, S McCafferty
OBJECTIVES: Health and Wellbeing boards in England are uniquely constituted; embedded in the local authorities with membership drawn from a range of stakeholders and partner organizations. This raises the question of how decision making functions of the boards reflects wider public health decision making, if criteria are applied to decision making, and what prioritization processes, if any, are used. METHODS: Qualitative research methods were employed and five local boards were approached, interview dyads were conducted with the boards Chair and Director of Public Health across four of these (n = 4)...
February 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112354/muscle-mechanography-a-novel-method-to-measure-muscle-function-in-older-adults
#18
Murad H Taani, Christine R Kovach, Bjoern Buehring
Muscle function decline is a commonly observed process that occurs with aging. Low muscle function, an essential component of sarcopenia, is associated with negative outcomes, including falls, fractures, and dependency. Although many tools have been developed and are used to assess muscle function in older adults, most have important limitations. Muscle mechanography is a novel method that can quantitatively assess muscle function by performing movements such as heel raises, chair rises, or jumps on a ground reaction force plate...
January 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993088/interview-with-dr-ghassan-k-abou-alfa
#19
G K Abou-Alfa
Ghassan K Abou-Alfa joined the Gastrointestinal Oncology Service at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center and Weill Cornell Medical College in New York back in 2001. Dr Abou-Alfa specializes in the treatment of gastrointestinal malignancies. Dr Abou-Alfa received his medical degree from the American University of Beirut, Lebanon, and completed his post-doctoral training at Yale University School of Medicine. His research is dedicated to finding novel therapies and improving the effectiveness of the current therapies for hepatocellular carcinoma, cholangiocarcinoma and gallbladder cancer, while continuing to understand the basic mechanisms of the diseases and its therapy...
November 2016: Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974948/utilizing-chair-massage-to-address-one-woman-s-health-in-rural-ghana-west-africa-a-case-report
#20
Cathy J Meryanos
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is limited access to health care in rural Ghana and virtually no rehabilitative services available. This situation presents a unique opportunity to utilize chair massage in addressing women's health in rural Ghana, particularly when it comes to muscle pain and fatigue from heavy labor. The objective of this case report is to determine the results of chair massage as a strategy to reduce neck, shoulder, and back pain, while increasing range of motion. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient is a 63-year-old Ghanaian female, who was struck by a public transport van while carrying a 30-50 pound load on her head, two years prior...
December 2016: International Journal of Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork
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