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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189298/laboratory-examinations-for-the-vestibular-system
#1
Raymond van de Berg, Sally Rosengren, Herman Kingma
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In the last decades, researchers suggested that clinical assessment of labyrinthine function in detail became easy thanks to video head impulse tests (VHITs), vestibular evoked myogenic potential test (VEMP) and video-oculography (VOG). It has been argued that they can replace electronystagmography, the caloric and rotatory chair tests. This review addresses the latest evaluations of these tests and the opportunities they offer, but also the limitations in clinical practice...
November 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172256/uicc-aro-symposium-at-the-uicc-2016-world-cancer-congress-how-can-we-mobilize-action-to-realize-uhc-in-asia
#2
Hideyuki Akaza, Norie Kawahara, Takashi Fukuda, Shigeo Horie, Hasbullah Thabrany, Shinjiro Nozaki
The 2016 World Cancer Congress, organised by UICC, was held in Paris in November 2016, under the theme “Mobilizing action – Inspiring Change.” As part of Track 4 presentations on the theme of “Strengthening cancer control: optimizing outcomes of health systems,” UICC-Asian Regional Office (UICC-ARO) held a symposium to discuss the issue of mobilizing action to realize UHC in Asia. Introducing the symposium, Hideyuki Akaza noted that universal health coverage (UHC) is included in the Sustainable Development Goals and one of the key issues for achieving UHC will be how to balance patient needs with the economic burden of cancer...
November 26, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094785/the-green-dialysis-survey-establishing-a-baseline-for-environmental-sustainability-across-dialysis-facilities-in-victoria-australia
#3
Katherine A Barraclough, Alice Gleeson, Stephen G Holt, John Wm Agar
AIM: The Green Dialysis Survey aimed to 1) establish a baseline for environmental sustainability (ES) across Victorian dialysis facilities, and 2) guide future initiatives to reduce the environmental impact of dialysis delivery. METHODS: Nurse unit managers of all Victorian public dialysis facilities received an online link to the survey, which asked 107 questions relevant to the ES of dialysis services. RESULTS: Responses were received from 71/83 dialysis facilities in Victoria (86%), representing 628/660 dialysis chairs (95%)...
November 2, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955314/nanotechnology-an-untapped-resource-for-food-packaging
#4
REVIEW
Chetan Sharma, Romika Dhiman, Namita Rokana, Harsh Panwar
Food commodities are packaged and hygienically transported to protect and preserve them from any un-acceptable alteration in quality, before reaching the end-consumer. Food packaging continues to evolve along-with the innovations in material science and technology, as well as in light of consumer's demand. Presently, the modern consumers of competitive economies demands for food with natural quality, assured safety, minimal processing, extended shelf-life and ready-to-eat concept. Innovative packaging systems, not only ascertains transit preservation and effective distribution, but also facilitates communication at the consumer levels...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949842/perspectives-of-irb-chairs-on-the-informed-consent-process
#5
Eugene I Kane, Joseph J Gallo
BACKGROUND: Questions have been raised by researchers and ethics committees about whether human research subjects comprehend study participation when signing a research consent form. METHODS: To determine existing beliefs about the informed consent review process, impediments to shorter consent, and augmented/alternative consent methods, a survey of institutional review board (IRB) chairpersons was conducted. RESULTS: IRB chairs expressed concern with (but do not often assess) the length, complexity, and reading level of the consent form or participant comprehension...
April 2017: AJOB Empirical Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738319/meeting-report-intercellular-interactions-in-context-towards-a-mechanistic-understanding-of-cells-in-organs
#6
David Bryant, Aaron Johnson
The Company of Biologists held the workshop 'Intercellular interactions in context: towards a mechanistic understanding of cells in organs' at historic Wiston House in West Sussex, UK, 5-8 February 2017. The meeting brought together around 30 scientists from disparate backgrounds - yet with a common interest of how tissue morphogenesis occurs and its dysregulation leads to pathologies - to intensively discuss their latest research, the current state of the field, as well as any challenges for the future. This report summarises the concepts and challenges that arose as key questions for the fields of cell, cancer and developmental biology...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661106/-43-years-to-the-establishment-of-the-faculty-of-medicine-in-the-negev
#7
Shifra Shvarts
On March 21, 1973, Israel's Council of Higher Education (CHE) was convened by Yigal Alon, the Council's chair and the Minister of Education, to vote on whether to approve a proposal to establish a school of medicine in the Negev. In the preliminary discussion, Avraham Harman, the president of the Hebrew University in Jerusalem turned to Professor Moshe Prywes, the president of Ben-Gurion University in the Negev and commented: "Be assured, a school of medicine in Beer Sheva won't pass." At the close of the discussion, the twenty members of the CHE were asked to vote...
June 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415885/fatigue-and-pain-limit-independent-mobility-and-physiotherapy-after-hip-fracture-surgery
#8
Kristine H Münter, Christopher G Clemmesen, Nicolai B Foss, Henrik Palm, Morten T Kristensen
PURPOSE: The patient's ability to complete their planned physiotherapy session after hip fracture surgery has been proposed as an independent predictor for achieving basic mobility independency upon hospital discharge. However, knowledge of factors limiting mobility is sparse. We therefore examined patient reported factors limiting ability to complete planned physiotherapy sessions as well as limitations for not achieving independency in basic mobility early after hip fracture surgery...
April 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199376/acceptability-of-the-6-pack-falls-prevention-program-a-pre-implementation-study-in-hospitals-participating-in-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Anna L Barker, Renata T Morello, Darshini R Ayton, Keith D Hill, Caroline A Brand, Patricia M Livingston, Mari Botti
There is limited evidence to support the effectiveness of falls prevention interventions in the acute hospital setting. The 6-PACK falls prevention program includes a fall-risk tool; 'falls alert' signs; supervision of patients in the bathroom; ensuring patients' walking aids are within reach; toileting regimes; low-low beds; and bed/chair alarms. This study explored the acceptability of the 6-PACK program from the perspective of nurses and senior staff prior to its implementation in a randomised controlled trial...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159030/health-and-wellbeing-boards-public-health-decision-making-bodies-or-political-pawns
#10
Z Greaves, S McCafferty
OBJECTIVES: Health and Wellbeing boards in England are uniquely constituted; embedded in the local authorities with membership drawn from a range of stakeholders and partner organizations. This raises the question of how decision making functions of the boards reflects wider public health decision making, if criteria are applied to decision making, and what prioritization processes, if any, are used. METHODS: Qualitative research methods were employed and five local boards were approached, interview dyads were conducted with the boards Chair and Director of Public Health across four of these (n = 4)...
February 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112354/muscle-mechanography-a-novel-method-to-measure-muscle-function-in-older-adults
#11
Murad H Taani, Christine R Kovach, Bjoern Buehring
Muscle function decline is a commonly observed process that occurs with aging. Low muscle function, an essential component of sarcopenia, is associated with negative outcomes, including falls, fractures, and dependency. Although many tools have been developed and are used to assess muscle function in older adults, most have important limitations. Muscle mechanography is a novel method that can quantitatively assess muscle function by performing movements such as heel raises, chair rises, or jumps on a ground reaction force plate...
January 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993088/interview-with-dr-ghassan-k-abou-alfa
#12
G K Abou-Alfa
Ghassan K Abou-Alfa joined the Gastrointestinal Oncology Service at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center and Weill Cornell Medical College in New York back in 2001. Dr Abou-Alfa specializes in the treatment of gastrointestinal malignancies. Dr Abou-Alfa received his medical degree from the American University of Beirut, Lebanon, and completed his post-doctoral training at Yale University School of Medicine. His research is dedicated to finding novel therapies and improving the effectiveness of the current therapies for hepatocellular carcinoma, cholangiocarcinoma and gallbladder cancer, while continuing to understand the basic mechanisms of the diseases and its therapy...
November 2016: Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974948/utilizing-chair-massage-to-address-one-woman-s-health-in-rural-ghana-west-africa-a-case-report
#13
Cathy J Meryanos
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is limited access to health care in rural Ghana and virtually no rehabilitative services available. This situation presents a unique opportunity to utilize chair massage in addressing women's health in rural Ghana, particularly when it comes to muscle pain and fatigue from heavy labor. The objective of this case report is to determine the results of chair massage as a strategy to reduce neck, shoulder, and back pain, while increasing range of motion. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient is a 63-year-old Ghanaian female, who was struck by a public transport van while carrying a 30-50 pound load on her head, two years prior...
December 2016: International Journal of Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789345/vitamin-e-stabilised-polyethylene-for-total-knee-arthroplasty-evaluated-under-highly-demanding-activities-wear-simulation
#14
Thomas M Grupp, Bernhard Fritz, Ines Kutzner, Christoph Schilling, Georg Bergmann, Jens Schwiesau
As total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patients are getting more active, heavier and younger and structural material fatigue and delamination of tibial inserts becomes more likely in the second decade of good clinical performance it appears desirable to establish advanced pre-clinical test methods better characterizing the longterm clinical material behaviour. The questions of our study were 1) Is it possible to induce subsurface delamination and striated pattern wear on standard polyethylene TKA gliding surfaces? 2) Can we distinguish between γ-inert standard polyethylene (PEstand...
January 15, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718629/retracted-article-early-use-of-power-wheelchair-for-children-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-a-narrative-review
#15
Michal Elboim-Gabyzon, Osnat Atun-Einy, Insaf Khoury-Assaf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 9, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374001/assistive-devices-hip-precautions-environmental-modifications-and-training-to-prevent-dislocation-and-improve-function-after-hip-arthroplasty
#16
REVIEW
Toby O Smith, Paul Jepson, Andrew Beswick, Gina Sands, Avril Drummond, Edward T Davis, Catherine M Sackley
BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is one of the most common orthopaedic operations performed worldwide. Painful osteoarthritis of the hip is the primary indication for THA. Following THA, people have conventionally been provided with equipment, such as raised toilet seats and chairs, and educated to avoid activities that could cause the hip joint to be in a position of flexion over 90 degrees, or adduction or rotation past the midline. These aspects of occupational therapy have been advocated to reduce the risks of prosthesis dislocation...
July 4, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27369866/what-are-the-roles-and-valued-attributes-of-a-trial-steering-committee-ethnographic-study-of-eight-clinical-trials-facing-challenges
#17
Anne Daykin, Lucy E Selman, Helen Cramer, Sharon McCann, Gillian W Shorter, Matthew R Sydes, Carrol Gamble, Rhiannon Macefield, J Athene Lane, Alison Shaw
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials oversight by a Trial Steering Committee (TSC) is mandated by Good Clinical Practice. This study used qualitative methods to explore the role and valued attributes of the TSC to inform planned updates of Medical Research Council guidance and TSC terms of reference. METHODS: An ethnographic study was conducted during 2013-2014. TSC and Trial Management Group meetings from eight trials were observed and audio-recorded, and semi-structured interviews conducted with purposively sampled key informants: independent and non-independent TSC members, trial sponsor representatives, funder representatives and chief investigators...
July 1, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27218200/pneumothorax-following-shoulder-arthroscopy-under-combined-regional-and-general-anaesthesia-a-case-report
#18
Oskar Leander-Olsson, Anna Borglund-Hemph, Jan G Jakobsson
INTRODUCTION: Pneumothorax is a most rare intraoperative event but jeopardise safety. Risk factors for its occurrence should be acknowledged and it should be considered in cases of unexpected deterioration of oxygenation that not respond to standard management to improve oxygenation. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We describe a patient with mild obesity and recent shoulder trauma scheduled for elective arthroscopy under combined interscalene block and general anaesthesia in the beach chair position...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27096328/key-tenets-of-effective-surgery-leadership-perspectives-from-the-society-of-surgical-chairs-mentorship-sessions
#19
Todd K Rosengart, K Craig Kent, Kirby I Bland, L D Britt, Timothy J Eberlein, Bruce Labe Gewertz, John G Hunter, Keith D Lillemoe, Carlos A Pellegrini, Richard D Schulick, Steven Charles Stain, Ronald J Weigel
This Special Communication summarizes the key points raised at the Society of Surgical Chairs mentorship panel sessions held at the 2014 and 2015 annual meetings of the society. Highlights of these expert panel discussions include senior chairs' insights into successfully dealing with increasingly complex academic medical organizations and horizontal department management expectations in the context of the arrival of the Millennial Generation into the work force. Three key tenets of effective surgery leadership that arose from these sessions deal with the importance of (1) collaboration and cooperativity, (2) humanized relationships and mentorship, and (3) operational efficiency...
August 1, 2016: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26946581/rapid-microbiology-raising-awareness
#20
Jonathan Bailie
A 'high-level overview' of some of the emerging rapid microbiology technologies designed to help healthcare engineering and infection control teams working in hospitals and other healthcare facilities more rapidly identify potentially hazardous levels of waterborne microorganisms in their water systems, enabling them to take prompt remedial action, and a look at the some of the 'pros and cons' of such testing techniques, was given by Nalco technical director, Howard Barnes, the vice-chair of the Legionella Control Association (LCA), at a recent LCA open day...
January 2016: Health Estate
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