keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Superior limb

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928567/dexmedetomidine-as-an-adjuvant-for-intravenous-regional-anesthesia-in-upper-limb-surgeries
#1
Vani Subramanya, Shashikala Thuraganur Kapinigowda, Aruna Teggina Math, Vijayalakshmi Beladakere Chennaiah
BACKGROUND: Intravenous regional anaesthesia is a simple, safe and effective technique with good success rate for upper limb surgeries. The duration of postoperative analgesia is an important limitation of this technique. Various adjuvants have been used to overcome this drawback. In this study we evaluate the effect of dexmedetomidine 0.5 μgkg(-1) as an adjuvant for lignocaine intravenous regional anaesthesia. METHODS: Sixty patients scheduled to undergo upper limb surgery were randomised to receive intravenous regional anaesthesia with lignocaine alone (Group L) or lignocaine with dexmedetomidine 0...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927574/pronator-teres-accessorius-a-new-variant-in-flexor-antebrachial-musculature
#2
S Kumari, P Chauhan, M Kathole, J Arora, R K Suri, M Kohli
Muscles of flexor compartment of forearm have a common origin from medial epicondyle of humerus. Additional bellies of flexor muscles are commonly reported but presence of supernumerary muscles is an infrequent phenomenon. The present study describes an unusual muscle mass in flexor compartment of forearm simulating pronator teres. During routine dissection the upper limb of a 50 years old male cadaver, a supernumerary muscle was found on left side of the upper limb in the flexor compartment. The origin of the muscle was 2cm wide and aponeurotic in nature and attached to an oblique line extending from the inferior surface of the medial epicondyle and the medial surface of the trochlea...
September 15, 2017: Morphologie: Bulletin de L'Association des Anatomistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916306/end-to-side-versus-side-to-side-anastomosis-in-upper-limb-arteriovenous-fistula-for-dialysis-access-a-systematic-review-and-a-meta-analysis
#3
Khalid Bashar, Mekki Medani, Hiba Bashar, Khalid Ahmed, Thomas Aherne, Tony Moloney, Stewart R Walsh
OBJECTIVES: To systematically assess the difference between both procedures in terms of access maturation, patency and postoperative complications. BACKGROUND: An arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the best modality for haemodialysis (HD) access. The end-to-side (ETS) technique has been suggested in the literature to produce superior results to the side-to-side approach; however, in the absence of a systematic review, this practice remains debatable. METHODS: Online search for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies that compared the end-to-side versus the side-to-side anastomosis techniques in creating an upper limb AVF...
September 12, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913860/connectivity-based-parcellation-of-the-anterior-limb-of-the-internal-capsule
#4
Pranav Nanda, Garrett P Banks, Yagna J Pathak, Sameer A Sheth
The anterior limb of the internal capsule (ALIC) is an important locus of frontal-subcortical fiber tracts involved in cognitive and limbic feedback loops. However, the structural organization of its component fiber tracts remains unclear. Therefore, although the ALIC is a promising target for various neurosurgical procedures for psychiatric disorders, more precise understanding of its organization is required to optimize target localization. Using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) collected on healthy subjects by the Human Connectome Project (HCP), we generated parcellations of the ALIC by dividing it according to structural connectivity to various frontal regions...
September 14, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895098/recurrent-cerebral-attack-caused-by-thrombosis-in-the-pulmonary-vein-stump-in-a-patient-with-left-upper-lobectomy-on-anticoagulant-therapy-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Takahito Nakano, Mayumi Inaba, Hiroyuki Kaneda
BACKGROUND: Thrombus formation in the pulmonary vein stump after pulmonary resection has recently been identified as a cause of systemic thrombosis including brain infarction. However, there is limited research focusing on the clinical course of pulmonary vein stump thrombus, and optimal treatment and prevention strategies of this important complication have not been established. CASE PRESENTATION: A 77-year-old woman was diagnosed with lung cancer of the left upper lobe, cT4N2M0, cStage IIIB...
September 11, 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893126/a-case-with-coil-embolization-for-ruptured-aneurysm-associated-with-fenestration-of-the-posterior-inferior-cerebellar-artery
#6
Kazushi Maeda, Ryota Motoie, Satoshi Karashima, Ryosuke Otsuji, Nice Ren, Shintaro Nagaoka, Yoshiaki Ikai, Junji Uno, Hidefuku Gi
An 87-year-old man hospitalized for subarachnoid hemorrhage showed a ruptured aneurysm arising from fenestration of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery. Endovascular treatment was selected and the aneurysm and superior limb were embolized completely using three coils. Fenestration of the posterior cerebellar artery is exceedingly rare. In addition, we present a first case of aneurysm as fenestration of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery that was definitively identified as a cause of bleeding.
January 1, 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893026/superior-vena-cava-as-gateway-to-heart-metastatic-breast-carcinoma-causing-ball-in-a-loop-metastasis-to-right-atrium
#7
Harpreet Singh Sandhu, Sampath Kumar Mahadevappa Mahendrakar, Sulaiman Sadruddin Ladhani, Azizullah Hafizullah Khan, Yunus Shafi Loya
Breast carcinoma is the most common invasive cancer in women worldwide. It metastasizes commonly to bone, lungs, regional lymph nodes and brain. Cardiac metastasis of lung and breast cancers is a known but rare complication of advanced disease with tumour metastasising to pericardium via the locoregional lymphatic system. Here we present a case of 59-year-old female presenting with right upper limb oedema, facial puffiness and features of Superior Vena Cava (SVC) syndrome 15 years after mastectomy and adjuvant chemotherapy, radiotherapy for carcinoma of the right breast...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890062/national-utilization-and-outcomes-of-redo-lower-extremity-bypass-vs-endovascular-intervention-after-previous-failed-bypass-redo-lower-extremity-bypass-superior-to-endovascular-intervention
#8
J Hunter Mehaffey, Alexander Shannon, Robert B Hawkins, Anna Fashandi, Margret C Tracci, Irving L Kron, Gilbert R Upchurch, William P Robinson
BACKGROUND: Redo Lower extremity bypass (LEB) and infrainguinal endovascular intervention (IEI) are options to treat critical limb ischemia after a failed prior lower extremity bypass but the utilization and outcomes of each are poorly described. The purpose of this study was to compare 30-day Major Adverse Limb Events (MALE) and Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events (MACE) after LEB and IEI in patients with a failed prior ipsilateral LEB and determine risk factors for each composite outcome...
September 7, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888389/scheuermann-s-disease-in-a-juvenile-male-from-the-late-roman-necropolis-of-torrenueva-3rd-4th-century-ce-granada-spain
#9
Joan Viciano, Sandra López-Lázaro, Ángela Pérez-Fernández, Anabel Amores-Ampuero, Ruggero D'Anastasio, José Miguel Jiménez-Triguero
This study details a severe case of Scheuermann's disease (SD) in a well-preserved skeleton of a juvenile male (designated TOR302), dated to 3rd-4th century CE, from the late Roman necropolis of Torrenueva (Granada, Spain). Individual TOR302 shows an evident kyphotic curve in the thoraco-lumbar spine, which is characterised by: (i) vertebral bodies of thoracic vertebra T2, thoracic segment T4-T9, and thoraco-lumbar segment T12-L2 wedged at >5°; (ii) slight anterior extensions of the epiphyseal ring; (iii) Schmorl's nodes on the superior and/or inferior plates; and (iv) a Cobb angle of 75°, derived from thoracic segments T4-T9...
September 2017: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886498/the-neurobiology-of-brain-recovery-from-traumatic-stress-a-longitudinal-dti-study
#10
Linghui Meng, Ying Chen, Xin Xu, Taolin Chen, Su Lui, Xiaoqi Huang, John A Sweeney, Kaiming Li, Qiyong Gong
BACKGROUND: Previous studies demonstrated decreased brain microstructure integrity in people that were exposed to extreme life stress but did not meet posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnostic criteria. It is unclear how the brain recovers from traumatic stress in these trauma-exposed non-PTSD people (TENP). METHODS: Twenty-two TENP individuals were recruited from the most affected area of Wenchuan quake, and scanned twenty-five days after the quake and at a two-year follow-up...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883007/bilateral-tarsal-tunnel-syndrome-attributed-to-bilateral-fibrous-tarsal-coalition-and-symmetrical-hypertrophy-of-the-sustentaculum-tali
#11
Anil K Bhat, Sandesh Madi, Prajwal Prabhudev Mane, Ashwath Acharya
Tarsal tunnel syndrome (TTS) is one of the frequently encountered entrapment neuropathies of the lower limb. Most often the aetiology is considered to be idiopathic. However, it has to be thoroughly investigated to rule out diverse extrinsic and intrinsic causes. The sustentaculum tali (ST) forms the superior part of the distal tarsal tunnel, and any increase in its size may result in irritation of the tibial nerve or its branches, the medial and lateral plantar nerves or decrease the overall volume of the tarsal tunnel culminating to clinical features of TTS...
September 7, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879597/prenatal-congenital-vertical-talus-rocker-bottom-foot-a-marker-for-multisystem-anomalies
#12
Eva I Rubio, Nimisha Mehta, Anna R Blask, Dorothy I Bulas
BACKGROUND: Congenital vertical talus is a rare foot anomaly characterized by a prominent calcaneus and rigid forefoot dorsiflexion. While congenital vertical talus has been associated with anomalies such as trisomy 18, myelomeningocele and arthrogryposis, postnatal series have reported cases of isolated congenital vertical talus. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to determine the incidence of isolated congenital vertical talus prenatally and identify the most common anomalies associated with this finding...
September 6, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872913/post-hoc-analysis-of-randomised-placebo-controlled-double-blind-study-mci186-19-of-edaravone-mci-186-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#13
Koji Takei, Fumihiro Takahashi, Shawn Liu, Kikumi Tsuda, Joseph Palumbo
Post-hoc analyses of the ALS Functional Rating Scale-Revised (ALSFRS-R) score data, the primary endpoint in the 24-week double-blind placebo-controlled study of edaravone (MCI186-19, NCT01492686), were performed to confirm statistical robustness of the result. The previously reported original analysis had used a last observation carried forward (LOCF) method and also excluded patients with fewer than three completed treatment cycles. The post-hoc sensitivity analyses used different statistical methods as follows: 1) including all patients regardless of treatment cycles received (ALL LOCF); 2) a mixed model for repeated measurements (MMRM) analysis; and 3) the Combined Assessment of Function and Survival (CAFS) endpoint...
October 2017: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868643/comparison-of-radiography-and-computed-tomography-to-evaluate-fractures-of-the-canine-tarsus
#14
Danielle Butler, Sarah Nemanic, Jennifer J Warnock
Detection and accurate classification of traumatic tarsal fractures are important for identifying cases requiring surgical intervention. The aim of this prospective, experimental, methods comparison study was to directly compare the accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of tarsal computed tomography (CT), ten-view and two-view digital radiographs for detecting traumatic fractures of the canine tarsus. The working hypothesis was that tarsal fractures would be detected with higher accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity using CT imaging compared to radiography, and a ten-view would be superior to a two-view radiographic study...
September 3, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868567/gait-analysis-of-patients-with-an-off-the-shelf-total-knee-replacement-versus-customized-bi-compartmental-knee-replacement
#15
Henry Wang, Jonathan Foster, Natasha Franksen, Jill Estes, Lindsey Rolston
INTRODUCTION: Newer TKR designs have been introduced to the market with the aim of overcoming common sizing problems with older TKR designs. Furthermore, since a sizable percentage of patients with OA present with disease limited to the medial/lateral knee compartment in addition to the patellofemoral joint, for whom, a customized bi-compartmental knee replacement (BKR) is available as a treatment option. To date, there is very little information regarding knee strength and mechanics during gait for patients implanted with these modern TKR and BKR designs...
September 4, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862531/unisensory-and-multisensory-self-referential-stimulation-of-the-lower-limb-an-exploratory-fmri-study-on-healthy-subjects
#16
Ana Isabel Vieira, Patrícia Almeida, Nádia Canário, Miguel Castelo-Branco, Maria Vânia Nunes, Alexandre Castro-Caldas
BACKGROUND: The holistic view of the person is the essence of the physiotherapy. Knowledge of approaches that develop the whole person promotes better patient outcomes. Multisensory Self-referential stimulation, more than a unisensory one, seems to produce a holistic experience of the Self ("Core-Self"). OBJECTIVES: (1) To analyze the somatotopic brain activation during unisensory and multisensorial Self-referential stimulus; and (2) to understand if the areas activated by multisensorial Self-referential stimulation are the ones responsible for the "Core-Self...
September 1, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861206/comparison-of-pasteurized-autograft-prosthesis-composite-reconstruction-and-resection-hip-arthroplasty-for-periacetabular-tumors
#17
Seung Yong Lee, Dae-Geun Jeon, Wan Hyeong Cho, Won Seok Song, Chang-Bae Kong
BACKGROUND: Because of the high complication rate of anatomical reconstruction after periacetabular resection, the strategy of resection alone has been revisited. However, in terms of complications and functional outcome, whether resection hip arthroplasty (RHA) shows a superior result to that of pelvic ring reconstruction remains controversial. METHODS: We compared 24 RHAs and 16 pasteurized autograft-prosthesis composite (PPC) reconstructions regarding the complication rates, operative time, blood loss, and functional outcome...
September 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853117/a-randomized-comparison-between-neurostimulation-and-ultrasound-guided-lateral-femoral-cutaneous-nerve-block
#18
Gaurav Gupta, Mohan Radhakrishna, Isaac Tamblyn, D Q Tran, Markus Besemann, Atikun Thonnagith, Maria Francisca Elgueta, Marie Eve Robitaille, Roderick J Finlayson
BACKGROUND: This prospective, randomized trial compared neurostimulation (NS) and ultrasound (US) guided lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) block. We hypothesized that US would result in a shorter total anesthesia-related time (sum of performance and onset times). METHODS: Twenty-one volunteers were enrolled. The right lower limb was randomized to an NS- or US-guided LFCN block. The alternate technique was employed for the left lower limb. With NS, paresthesias were sought in the lateral thigh at a stimulatory threshold of 0...
July 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839998/high-rate-of-arterial-complications-in-patients-supported-with-extracorporeal-life-support-for-drug-intoxication-induced-refractory-cardiogenic-shock-or-cardiac-arrest
#19
Matteo Pozzi, Catherine Koffel, Camelia Djaref, Daniel Grinberg, Jean Luc Fellahi, Elisabeth Hugon-Vallet, Cyril Prieur, Jacques Robin, Jean François Obadia
BACKGROUND: Cardiac failure is still a leading cause of death in drug intoxication. Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) could be used as a rescue therapeutic option in patients developing refractory cardiogenic shock or cardiac arrest. The aim of this report is to present our results of ECLS in the setting of poisoning from cardiotoxic drugs. METHODS: We included in this analysis consecutive patients who received an ECLS for refractory cardiogenic shock or in-hospital cardiac arrest due to drug intoxication...
July 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835186/comparison-of-propaten-heparin-bonded-vascular-graft-with-distal-anastomotic-patch-versus-autogenous-saphenous-vein-graft-in-tibial-artery-bypass
#20
Jeremy Kaisar, Aaron Chen, Mathew Cheung, Elias Kfoury, Carlos F Bechara, Peter H Lin
Introduction Heparin-bonded expanded polytetrafluoroethylene grafts (Propaten, WL Gore, Flagstaff, AZ, USA) have been shown to have superior patency compared to standard prosthetic grafts in leg bypass. This study analyzed the outcomes of Propaten grafts with distal anastomotic patch versus autogenous saphenous vein grafts in tibial artery bypass. Methods A retrospective analysis of prospective collected data was performed during a recent 15-year period. Sixty-two Propaten bypass grafts with distal anastomotic patch (Propaten group) were compared with 46 saphenous vein graft (vein group)...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
keyword
keyword
12956
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"