keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Superior extremity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647746/the-effects-of-an-internet-based-imagery-rehearsal-intervention-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Annika Gieselmann, Max Böckermann, Marjolijn Sorbi, Reinhard Pietrowsky
BACKGROUND: Nightmares are extremely dysphoric dreams, which are prevalent and associated with psychological strain. This study investigated (a) the efficacy of an internet-based imagery rehearsal therapy (IRT), (b) the role of imagery rescription, and (c) the role of guidance during internet-based IRT. METHODS: A total of 127 patients suffering from mainly idiopathic nightmares were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 IRT internet-based groups (guided IRT; unguided IRT) or to 1 of 2 active control groups (frequency control group; narrative control group)...
June 24, 2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644207/enzymatic-versus-traditional-surgical-debridement-of-severely-burned-hands-a-comparison-of-selectivity-efficacy-healing-time-and-three-month-scar-quality
#2
Alexandra Schulz, Yaron Shoham, Lior Rosenberg, Irene Rothermund, Walther Perbix, Paul Christian Fuchs, Alexandra Lipensky, Jennifer Lynn Schiefer
Severe burns of the hands are extremely challenging, given their anatomic complexity and vulnerability. Although excisional debridement with autografting remains the standard of care (SOC), previous studies have shown that use of enzymatic debridement with bromelain (NexoBrid, EDNX) enables rapid, selective enzymatic debridement, preserving viable tissue. To date, only two studies accruing data on EDNX in this setting have been published. The current study was conducted to compare EDNX with traditional surgical debridement (TSD) of deep dermal and full-thickness hand burns...
July 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643041/skull-fracture-with-effacement-of-the-superior-sagittal-sinus-following-drone-impact-a-case-report
#3
Lawrance K Chung, Yuri Cheung, Carlito Lagman, Nicholas Au Yong, Duncan Q McBride, Isaac Yang
BACKGROUND: The popularity of unmanned aerial vehicles, or drones, raises safety concerns as they become increasingly common for commercial, personal, and recreational use. Collisions between drones and people may result in serious injuries. CASE REPORT: A 13-year-old male presented with a comminuted depressed skull fracture causing effacement of the superior sagittal sinus secondary to a racing drone impact. The patient experienced a brief loss of consciousness and reported lower extremity numbness and weakness after the accident...
June 22, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633959/characterization-of-the-superior-olivary-complex-of-canis-lupus-domesticus
#4
Tatiana Fech, Lilian Calderón-Garcidueñas, Randy J Kulesza
The superior olivary complex (SOC) is a collection of brainstem auditory nuclei which play essential roles in the localization of sound sources, temporal coding of vocalizations and descending modulation of the cochlea. Notwithstanding, the SOC nuclei vary considerably between species in accordance with the auditory needs of the animal. The canine SOC was subjected to anatomical and physiological examination nearly 50 years ago and was then virtually forgotten. Herein, we aimed to characterize the nuclei of the canine SOC using quantitative morphometrics, estimation of neuronal number, histochemistry for perineuronal nets and immunofluorescence for the calcium binding proteins calbindin and calretinin...
June 15, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632558/the-long-term-clinical-effect-of-minimal-invasive-tlif-technique-in-1-segment-lumbar-disease
#5
Yi-Bing Li, Xiao-Dong Wang, Hong-Wei Yan, Ding-Jun Hao, Zheng-Hua Liu
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort double-center study. OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical effect of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (miTLIF) using the tunnel technique. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: A series of short-term studies have indicated that miTLIF could reduce blood loss and improve clinical results. However, long-term clinical study and magnetic resonance imaging research are still scare. METHODS: From January 2008 to January 2009, 187 patients with 1-segment lumbar disease requiring intervertebral fusion were enrolled in this study...
July 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631967/reasons-for-referral-and-findings-of-clinical-neuropsychological-assessment-in-youth-with-mental-illness-a-clinical-file-audit
#6
Tina-Marie Proffitt, Warrick J Brewer, Emma M Parrish, Patrick D McGorry, Kelly A Allott
Study aims were to 1) determine the characteristics and reasons for referral for Clinical Neuropsychological Assessment (CNA) and 2) characterize the findings and recommendations contained in the CNA reports, of clients attending a youth mental health service. File audit of all CNA reports (N = 140) of youth attending a mental health service. Cognitive performances on neuropsychological tests that were administered to >50% of clients were examined. Referral reasons, findings, and recommendations for future treatment were coded and described from neuropsychological files...
February 22, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630233/motor-recovery-prediction-with-clinical-assessment-and-local-diffusion-homogeneity-after-acute-subcortical-infarction
#7
Gang Liu, Shuangquan Tan, Chao Dang, Kangqiang Peng, Chuanmiao Xie, Shihui Xing, Jinsheng Zeng
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Initial clinical assessment or conventional diffusion tensor imaging parameters alone do not reliably predict poststroke recovery of motor function. Recently, local diffusion homogeneity (LDH) has been proposed to represent the local coherence of water molecule diffusion and can serve as a complementary marker for investigating white matter alterations of the brain. We aimed to determine whether a combination of initial clinical assessment and LDH could predict motor recovery after acute subcortical infarction...
June 19, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629975/anatomical-and-functional-properties-of-the-foot-and-leg-representation-in-areas-3b-1-and-2-of-primary-somatosensory-cortex-in-humans-a-7t-fmri-study
#8
Michel Akselrod, Roberto Martuzzi, Andrea Serino, Wietske van der Zwaag, Roger Gassert, Olaf Blanke
Primary somatosensory cortex (S1) processes somatosensory information and is composed of multiple subregions. In particular, tactile information from the skin is encoded in three subregions, namely Brodmann areas (BAs) 3b, 1 and 2, with each area representing a complete map of the contralateral body. Although, much is known about the somatotopic organization of the hand in human S1, less research has been carried out regarding the somatotopic maps of the foot and leg in S1. Moreover, a latero-medial S1 organization along the superior part of the postcentral gyrus has been reported when moving from hip to toes, yet to date there is no study investigating leg/foot maps within the different subregions of S1...
June 16, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628003/clinical-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-results-from-the-randomised-phase-iib-trial-in-previously-untreated-patients-with-chronic-lymphocytic-leukaemia-to-compare-fludarabine-cyclophosphamide-and-rituximab-with-fludarabine-cyclophosphamide-mitoxantrone
#9
Dena R Howard, Talha Munir, Lucy McParland, Andy C Rawstron, Anna Chalmers, Walter M Gregory, John L O'Dwyer, Alison Smith, Roberta Longo, Abraham Varghese, Alexandra Smith, Peter Hillmen
BACKGROUND: The conventional frontline therapy for fit patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) is fludarabine, cyclophosphamide and rituximab (FCR). Rituximab (Mabthera(®), Roche Products Ltd) targets the CD20 antigen, which is expressed at low levels in CLL. The standard dose of rituximab in CLL (375 mg/m(2) in cycle 1 and 500 mg/m(2) in cycles 2-6) was selected based on toxicity data only. Small doses of rituximab (as low as 20 mg) have biological activity in CLL, with an immediate reduction in circulating CLL cells and down-regulation of CD20...
May 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626294/optical-molecular-fluorescence-determination-of-ultra-trace-beryllium-in-occupational-and-environmental-samples-using-highly-alkaline-conditions
#10
Lori Adams, Anoop Agrawal, John P Cronin, Kevin Ashley
Exposures to beryllium (Be), even at extremely low levels, can cause severe health effects in a percentage of those exposed; consequently, occupational exposure limits (OELs) promulgated for this element are the lowest established for any element. This work describes the advantages of using highly alkaline dye solutions for determination of Be in occupational hygiene and environmental samples by means of an optical molecular fluorescence technique after sample extraction in 1-3% (w˖w(-1)) aqueous ammonium bifluoride (NH4HF2)...
2017: International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620682/infectious-bursal-disease-outbreak-investigation-molecular-characterization-and-vaccine-immunogenicity-trial-in-ethiopia
#11
Aregitu Mekuriaw, Molalegne Bitew, Esyas Gelaye, Bedaso Mamo, Gelagay Ayelet
The study was conducted with the objective of isolation and molecular characterization of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) circulating in Ethiopia and to assess the immunogenicity of different commercially available live attenuated IBD vaccines and finally to select the appropriate vaccine strain for the existing IBDV. Outbreak samples collected from different poultry farms with IBD infection between 2013 and 2015 were used for the virus isolation and molecular characterization. IBD vaccine immunogenicity test was conducted using four different commercially available live attenuated IBD vaccine strains: namely D78, B2K, LC75, and EXTREM...
June 15, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620501/efficacy-of-lenvatinib-in-a-patient-with-anaplastic-thyroid-cancer
#12
Kazuyuki Oishi, Daisuke Takabatake, Yuichi Shibuya
We experienced a case of an 82-year-old woman who presented to our hospital with a 1-month history of dysphagia and dyspnea. Cervical contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed diffuse thyroid neoplasms causing significant tracheal stenosis with tumors, particularly of the superior mediastinum, which were associated with an embolism of the brachiocephalic vein and suspected invasion to the bilateral common carotid arteries. Anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) was diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration; thus, emergency tracheostomy and gastrostomy were performed...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611336/safety-of-non-anesthesia-provider-administered-propofol-sedation-in-non-advanced-gastrointestinal-endoscopic-procedures-a-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Basavana Gouda, Gowri Gouda, Anuradha Borle, Akash Singh, Ashish Sinha, Preet M Singh
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of the study was to evaluate the safety of non-anesthesia provider (NAPP) administered propofol sedation in patients undergoing non-advanced gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopic procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane central register of controlled trials, Scopus, and Web of Science databases were searched for prospective observational trials involving non-advanced endoscopic procedures. From a total of 608 publications, 25 [colonoscopy (9), upper GI endoscopy (5), and combined procedures (11)] were identified to meet inclusion criteria and were analyzed...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607348/construction-of-sno2-graphene-composite-with-half-supported-cluster-structure-as-anode-toward-superior-lithium-storage-properties
#14
Chengling Zhu, Zhixin Chen, Shenmin Zhu, Yao Li, Hui Pan, Xin Meng, Muhammad Imtiaz, Di Zhang
Inspired by nature, herein we designed a novel construction of SnO2 anodes with an extremely high lithium storage performance. By utilizing small sheets of graphene oxide, the partitioned-pomegranate-like structure was constructed (SnO2@C@half-rGO), in which the porous clusters of SnO2 nanoparticles are partially supported by reduced graphene oxide sheets while the rest part is exposed (half-supported), like partitioned pomegranates. When served as anode for lithium-ion batteries, SnO2@C@half-rGO exhibited considerably high specific capacity (1034...
June 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602919/the-fine-tuning-of-retinocollicular-topography-depends-on-reelin-signaling-during-early-postnatal-development-of-the-rat-visual-system
#15
Rachel Antonioli-Santos, Bruna Lanzillotta-Mattos, Cecília Hedin-Pereira, Claudio Alberto Serfaty
During postnatal development, neural circuits are extremely dynamic and develop precise connection patterns that emerge as a result of the elimination of synaptic terminals, a process instructed by molecular cues and patterns of electrical activity. In the rodent visual system, this process begins during the first postnatal week and proceeds during the second and third postnatal weeks as spontaneous retinal activity and finally use dependent fine tuning takes place. Reelin is a large extracellular matrix glycoprotein able to affect several steps of brain development, from neuronal migration to the maturation of dendritic spines and use-dependent synaptic development...
June 7, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600239/scene-segmentation-with-dag-recurrent-neural-networks
#16
Bing Shuai, Zhen Zup, Bing Wang, Gang Wang
In this paper, we address the challenging task of scene segmentation. In order to capture the rich contextual dependencies over image regions, we propose Directed Acyclic Graph - Recurrent Neural Networks (DAG-RNN) to perform context aggregation over locally connected feature maps. More specifically, DAG-RNN is placed on top of pre-trained CNN (feature extractor) to embed context into local features so that their representative capability can be enhanced. In comparison with plain CNN (as in Fully Convolutional Networks - FCN), DAG-RNN is empirically found to be significantly more effective at aggregating context...
June 6, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598013/3d-nitrogen-anion-decorated-nickel-sulfides-for-highly-efficient-overall-water-splitting
#17
Pengzuo Chen, Tianpei Zhou, Mengxing Zhang, Yun Tong, Chengan Zhong, Nan Zhang, Lidong Zhang, Changzheng Wu, Yi Xie
Developing non-noble-metal electrocatalysts with high activity and low cost for both the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) is of paramount importance for improving the generation of H2 fuel by electrocatalytic water-splitting. This study puts forward a new N-anion-decorated Ni3 S2 material synthesized by a simple one-step calcination route, acting as a superior bifunctional electrocatalyst for the OER/HER for the first time. The introduction of N anions significantly modifies the morphology and electronic structure of Ni3 S2 , bringing high surface active sites exposure, enhanced electrical conductivity, optimal HER Gibbs free-energy (ΔGH* ), and water adsorption energy change (ΔGH2O* )...
June 9, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596544/robust-tribo-mechanical-and-hot-corrosion-resistance-of-ultra-refractory-ta-hf-c-ternary-alloy-films
#18
Luis Yate, L Emerson Coy, Willian Aperador
In this work we report the hot corrosion properties of binary and ternary films of the Ta-Hf-C system in V2O5-Na2SO4 (50%wt.-50%wt.) molten salts at 700 °C deposited on AISI D3 steel substrates. Additionally, the mechanical and nanowear properties of the films were studied. The results show that the ternary alloys consist of solid solutions of the TaC and HfC binary carbides. The ternary alloy films have higher hardness and elastic recoveries, reaching 26.2 GPa and 87%, respectively, and lower nanowear when compared to the binary films...
June 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595611/video-game-rehabilitation-for-outpatient-stroke-vigorous-protocol-for-a-multi-center-comparative-effectiveness-trial-of-in-home-gamified-constraint-induced-movement-therapy-for-rehabilitation-of-chronic-upper-extremity-hemiparesis
#19
Lynne V Gauthier, Chelsea Kane, Alexandra Borstad, Nancy Strahl, Gitendra Uswatte, Edward Taub, David Morris, Alli Hall, Melissa Arakelian, Victor Mark
BACKGROUND: Constraint-Induced Movement therapy (CI therapy) is shown to reduce disability, increase use of the more affected arm/hand, and promote brain plasticity for individuals with upper extremity hemiparesis post-stroke. Randomized controlled trials consistently demonstrate that CI therapy is superior to other rehabilitation paradigms, yet it is available to only a small minority of the estimated 1.2 million chronic stroke survivors with upper extremity disability. The current study aims to establish the comparative effectiveness of a novel, patient-centered approach to rehabilitation utilizing newly developed, inexpensive, and commercially available gaming technology to disseminate CI therapy to underserved individuals...
June 8, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591507/-regarding-surface-ablation-as-an-ethically-superior-option-when-compared-to-lasik-primum-non-nocere
#20
Kepa Balparda
Refractive surgery is an extremely safe surgical intervention, with excellent profiles of clinical improvement and satisfaction. The ethical responsibility of the refractive surgeon is to look for diminishing the patients' exposure to unnecessary risks. Therefore, surface ablation would be a preferable option over LASIK as the former has a better safety profile than the latter, without compromising final visual acuity. Ethically, surface ablation should be considered as the first choice in those patients undergoing Excimer laser refractive surgery...
July 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
keyword
keyword
12955
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"