keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Facial nerve

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647663/management-of-residual-tumor-after-limited-subtotal-resection-of-large-vestibular-schwannomas-lessons-learned-and-a-rationale-for-specialized-care
#1
William R Copeland, Matthew L Carlson, Brian A Neff, Colin L W Driscoll, Michael J Link
BACKGROUND: In an era where subtotal resection (STR) is increasingly utilized, we have encountered a growing number of patients referred to our institution with limited resection of large vestibular schwannomas (VS), at times associated with grave complications. OBJECTIVE: We highlight lessons learned in the management of large VS and provide a rationale for specialized care. METHODS: A prospectively maintained database of over 2,000 patients with VS evaluated at our institution between 2000 and 2016 was reviewed...
June 21, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647300/retrograde-parotidectomy-and-facial-nerve-outcomes-a-case-series-of-44-patients
#2
Maxwell P Kligerman, Yohan Song, David Schoppy, Vasu Divi, Uchechukwu C Megwalu, Bruce H Haughey, Davud Sirjani
PURPOSE: The most common surgical method to remove benign parotid tumors remains the prograde approach. We examined if a retrograde surgical technique offers better outcomes than historical prograde controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review at Stanford Hospital was conducted to identify retrograde parotidectomies between February 2012 and October 2014 that were staffed by the senior author (DS) with resident involvement. Facial nerve (FN) outcomes and other post-surgical parameters were recorded...
May 5, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642183/giant-bi-compartmental-cystic-tentorial-schwannoma-mimicking-a-meningioma
#3
Amandeep Kumar, Manmohan Singh, M C Sharma, P S Chandra, Bhawani S Sharma, Ashok K Mahapatra
BACKGROUND: Intracranial schwannomas most commonly arise from vestibulo-cochlear nerve and less frequently from trigeminal, facial and hypoglossal nerves. However, intracranial schwannomas unrelated to cranial nerves (ISUNs) are very rare and only ∼ 50 such cases have been reported in literature. Amongst these, tentorial schwannomas are even rarer and only 13 cases have been reported till date. We present one such rare case of giant tentorial schwannoma (TS). CASE DESCRIPTION: A 21 year old male patient presented to us with complaints of generalised headache and dizziness for past 6 months and worsening of symptoms for past 2 months...
June 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641322/scuba-diving-and-otology-a-systematic-review-with-recommendations-on-diagnosis-treatment-and-post-operative-care
#4
REVIEW
Devon M Livingstone, Kristine A Smith, Beth Lange
Scuba diving is a popular recreational and professional activity with inherent risks. Complications related to barotrauma and decompression illness can pose significant morbidity to a diver's hearing and balance systems. The majority of dive-related injuries affect the head and neck, particularly the outer, middle and inner ear. Given the high incidence of otologic complications from diving, an evidence-based approach to the diagnosis and treatment of otic pathology is a necessity. We performed a systematic and comprehensive literature review including the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of otologic pathology related to diving...
June 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636741/adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-of-the-head-and-neck-area-oncologic-treatment-and-plastic-reconstructive-options
#5
Johannes A Veit, Julia Thierauf, Thomas K Hoffmann, Jens Greve, Nicole Rotter, Patrick J Schuler, Marc O Scheithauer
Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the head and neck area is a rare malignant tumor with acceptable short-term but mediocre long-term prognosis. Radical tumor excision with clear resection margins, and sometimes resection of the facial nerve due to perineural growth, remains the fundamental therapy. We present 3 distinct clinical cases and discuss the current therapeutic options with special focus on plastic-reconstructive techniques. For reconstruction, the full armament of local and free flaps, as well as prosthetics, may be necessary...
June 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636731/correlation-among-external-auditory-canal-anomaly-temporal-bone-malformation-and-hearing-levels-in-patients-with-microtia
#6
Kun Chen, Liu Liu, Runjie Shi, Peihua Wang, Dong Chen, Hua Xiao
We conducted a retrospective study to evaluate the relationship between external auditory canal (EAC) anomaly, temporal bone abnormality, and hearing levels using objective scoring systems in Chinese patients with microtia. The study population consisted of 106 ears of 94 Chinese patients (67 male and 27 female) aged 5 to 45 years (mean: 12.6) with microtia. The EAC abnormalities were classified into 4 types according to Schuknecht's criteria: type A, type B, type C, and type D. Developmental anomalies of the temporal bone were evaluated by Jahrsdoerfer computed tomography (CT) scoring system using high-resolution CT scans of the temporal bone...
June 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634783/the-treatment-for-the-first-branchial-cleft-anomalies-in-children
#7
Wei Liu, Min Chen, Jinsheng Hao, Yang Yang, Jie Zhang, Xin Ni
The objective of this study is to make a clinical analysis for first branchial cleft anomalies (FBCAs), especially introduce the relationship between the Type I/II FBCA with the facial nerve and to demonstrate the importance of using intraoperative microscope and facial nerve monitoring. This is a retrospective review of patients with FBCAs treated in Beijing Children's Hospital, from Jan 2013 to Dec 2015. Clinical data of patients, including sex, age, chief complains, history of surgery, incision and drainage, the relationship with the facial nerve, pre and post-operative facial paralysis, recurrent rate and complications were recorded...
June 20, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634493/an-exceptional-case-of-intraparotid-plexiform-neurofibroma-originating-from-autonomic-fibers-of-the-auriculotemporal-nerve
#8
Sarantis Blioskas, Sotiris Sotiriou, Katerina Rizou, Triantafyllia Koletsa, Petros Karkos, Anna Kalogera-Fountzila, Konstantinos Markou
Plexiform neurofibromas are benign tumors that tend to occur in patients suffering from neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1). This report addresses a rare case where the tumor affected the parotid gland, deriving almost exclusively from the peripheral portion of the facial nerve. A 6-year-old male was referred to us complaining about a gradually enlarging swelling over the right parotid area. Imaging localized the lesion to the superficial lobe of the parotid gland, suggesting a neurofibroma. Cosmetic disfigurement and a functional deficit led us to perform complete surgical resection...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634310/-a-case-of-coexistent-glossopharyngeal-neuralgia-and-hemifacial-spasm-successfully-treated-with-transposition-of-the-vertebral-artery
#9
Takashi Fujii, Naoki Otani, Yohei Otsuka, Takashi Matsumoto, Shunsuke Tanoue, Hideaki Ueno, Satoshi Tomura, Arata Tomiyama, Terushige Toyooka, Kojiro Wada, Kentaro Mori
A case of coexistent glossopharyngeal neuralgia and hemifacial spasm was treated by transposition of the vertebral artery. A 60-year-old man was referred to our hospital due to pain in the left posterior part of the tongue that was difficult to control with oral medication at a local hospital. The diagnosis was left glossopharyngeal neuralgia based on the symptoms, imaging findings, and lidocaine test results. Moreover, the patient had left hemifacial spasm. Microvascular decompression was performed, which confirmed that the vertebral artery was compressing the lower cranial nerve and the posterior inferior cerebellar artery was compressing the root exit zone of the facial nerve...
June 2017: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632885/restoring-facial-symmetry-through-non-surgical-cosmetic-procedures-after-permanent-facial-paralxsis-a-case-report
#10
Ali Sahan, Funda Tamer
Facial nerve paralysis can occur due to infection, inflammation, trauma, surgery, and tumors. It leads to facial asymmetry, impaired oral competence, articulation deficits, and psychological problems. Treatment options include physical therapy, static slings, nerve and muscle transfers, blepharoplasty, brow lift, and chemodenervation with botulinum toxin. We report the case of a 66-year-old Caucasian female with permanent facial paralysis following middle ear surgery. The facial asymmetry was treated successfully with botulinum toxin A injection, hyaluronic acid dermal filler injection, and a thread-lift procedure...
June 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631535/high-resolution-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-exposing-facial-nerve-zonal-vulnerability-to-microbleeds-a-rare-cause-of-facial-palsy
#11
Charlie Chia-Tsong Hsu, Dalveer Singh, Trevor William Watkins, Gigi Nga Chi Kwan, Sachintha Hapugoda
Background We report a case of hypertensive microbleeds strategically located at the attached segment (AS) and root entry zone (REZ) at the left facial nerve causing facial paralysis. Case Report A 60-year-old woman presented with sudden onset left facial paralysis. Medical history was significant for poorly controlled hypertension secondary to bilateral adrenal hyperplasia (primary hyperaldosteronism). The patient was initially treated for presumptive Bell's palsy. Subsequent magnetic resonance imaging of the brain and internal auditory canal showed two microbleeds at the left cerebellopontine angle...
January 1, 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628917/anatomical-characteristics-of-facial-nerve-and-cochlea-interaction
#12
Nadine Schart-Morén, Sune Larsson, Helge Rask-Andersen, Hao Li
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to study the relationship between the labyrinthine portion (LP) of the facial canal and the cochlea in human inner ear molds and temporal bones using micro-CT and 3D rendering. A reduced cochlea-facial distance may spread electric currents from the cochlear implant to the LP and cause facial nerve stimulation. Influencing factors may be the topographic anatomy and otic capsule properties. METHODS: An archival collection of human temporal bones underwent micro-CT and 3D reconstruction...
June 20, 2017: Audiology & Neuro-otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623335/complex-neuroanatomy-in-the-rostrum-of-the-isle-of-wight-theropod-neovenator-salerii
#13
Chris Tijani Barker, Darren Naish, Elis Newham, Orestis L Katsamenis, Gareth Dyke
The discovery of large, complex, internal canals within the rostra of fossil reptiles has been linked with an enhanced tactile function utilised in an aquatic context, so far in pliosaurids, the Cretaceous theropod Spinosaurus, and the related spinosaurid Baryonyx. Here, we report the presence of a complex network of large, laterally situated, anastomosing channels, discovered via micro-focus computed tomography (μCT), in the premaxilla and maxilla of Neovenator, a mid-sized allosauroid theropod from the Early Cretaceous of the UK...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619495/results-of-atypical-hemifacial-spasm-with-microvascular-decompression-14-cases-reported-and-lectures-reviewed
#14
Hua Zhao, Xin Zhang, Ying Zhang, Yin-da Tang, Jin Zhu, Xu-Hui Wang, Ting-Ting Ying, Shi-Ting Li
OBJECTIVE: There were few studies reporting atypical hemifacial spasm(AHFS) and the mechanism of AHFS is still unclear. The purpose of this article was to study the etiology, prognosis and treatment of atypical hemifacial spasm. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data for 14 consecutive patients that underwent microvascular decompression(MVD) for AHFS from January 2014 to December 2015. The clinical feature, outcome and complications were observed...
June 12, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617736/symmetry-restoration-at-rest-after-masseter-to-facial-nerve-transfer-is-it-as-efficient-as-smile-reanimation
#15
Gang Chen, Wenjin Wang, Wei Wang, Wei Ding, Xianxian Yang
BACKGROUND: Masseter-to-facial nerve transfer is a highly efficient technique for reanimating paralyzed muscle and has been reported to restore facial symmetry at rest. However, no systematic studies have been performed, and the effects of preoperative droop oral commissure on postoperative symmetry at rest have rarely been reported. METHODS: The authors retrospectively analyzed 35 patients with masseteric-facial nerve anastomosis and assessed the quality and quantity of the dynamic recovery and the oral commissure symmetry at rest...
June 14, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615814/an-anatomical-study-for-localisation-of-zygomatic-branch-of-facial-nerve-and-masseteric-nerve-an-aid-to-nerve-coaptation-for-facial-reanimation-surgery-a-cadaver-based-study-in-eastern-india
#16
Ratnadeep Poddar, Alipta Bhattacharya, Iman Sinha, Asis Kumar Ghosal
CONTEXT: In cases of chronic facial palsy, where direct neurotisation is possible, ipsilateral masseteric nerve is a very suitable motor donor. We have tried to specifically locate the masseteric nerve for this purpose. AIMS: Describing an approach of localisation and exposure of both the zygomatic branch of Facial nerve and the nerve to masseter, with respect to a soft tissue reference point over face. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Observational cross sectional study, conducted on 12 fresh cadavers...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611988/management-of-orbital-and-periorbital-venous-malformation
#17
Lara A Benoiton, Kenneth Chan, Frederica Steiner, Trevor FitzJohn, Swee T Tan
BACKGROUND: To review our management of common venous malformation (VM) affecting the orbit and/or periorbital area. METHODS: Consecutive patients with orbital and/or periorbital VM were identified from our vascular anomalies database. Demographic details of the patients, anatomic site(s) affected, symptoms and signs, presence of a family history of VM, and types of treatment(s) were collected, supplemented by chart review. RESULTS: A total of 24 patients' age 1-68 (mean, 30) years with orbital and/or periorbital VM presented with cosmetic concerns (n = 17, 71%), distensibility (n = 15, 63%), pain (n = 9, 38%), diplopia (n = 4, 17%), and spontaneous thrombosis (n = 1, 8%)...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607408/differences-in-pharmacodynamic-responses-to-rocuronium-in-normal-or-injured-orbicularis-oris-are-associated-with-expression-of-acetylcholine-receptor-subunits
#18
Yong Huang, Yian Xing, Hong Wang, Lianhua Chen, Shitong Li
Previous research has indicated that differences in sensitivities to muscle relaxants exist between facial nerve- and somatic nerve-innervated muscles. Here, we report that the 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) values for rocuronium were significantly larger in the normal orbicularis oris than those in the gastrocnemius. Increased IC50 values and reduced twitch tension were observed after facial nerve injury. The normal orbicularis oris had a smaller muscle fiber cross-sectional area (CSA) and a larger ratio of endplate surface area (ESA) to muscle fiber CSA (ESA/CSA), but no difference was found in the density of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subunits on endplates between normal orbicularis oris and gastrocnemius...
June 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606782/role-of-peripheral-and-central-trpv1-receptors-in-facial-heat-hyperalgesia-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#19
Erika IvannaAraya, Carina Fernanda MattediNones, Luiz Eduardo Nunes Ferreira, Caroline Machado Kopruszinski, Joice Maria da Cunha, Juliana GeremiasChichorro
There is increasing evidence that diabetes may be related to sensory changes in the trigeminal system. Long lasting facial heat hyperalgesia has been described in diabetic rats, but the mechanisms remain to be elucidated. Herein, the contribution of peripheral and central TRPV1 receptors to facial heat hyperalgesia in diabeticrats was investigated. Diabetes was induced in male Wistar rats by streptozotocin (60 mg/kg, i.p) and facial heat hyperalgesia was assessed once a week up to four weeks. The role of TRPV1 receptors in the heat hyperalgesia in diabetic rats was evaluated through: 1) the ablation of TRPV1 receptors by resiniferatoxin (RTX) treatment and 2) injection of the TRPV1 antagonist,capsazepine, into the upper lip, trigeminal ganglion or medullary subarachnoid space, at doses that completed prevented the heat hyperalgesia induced by capsaicin in naïve rats...
June 9, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604403/latest-advances-in-the-management-of-facial-synkinesis
#20
Jeffrey Markey, Myriam Loyo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an overview of the treatment options for nonflaccid facial paralysis including physical rehabilitation, botulinum toxin injection and surgical intervention. To also describe recent technique advances regarding facial synkinesis in each zone of facial movement. RECENT FINDINGS: Physical therapy and neuromodulation with botulinum toxin continues to be the main treatment strategy for facial synkinesis. Treating the orbicularis oculi, mentalis and platysma muscles with neurotoxin has been well described...
June 9, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
keyword
keyword
12954
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"