keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Standards

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923240/-a-screening-tool-for-three-dimensions-of-work-related-behavior-and-experience-patterns-in-the-psychosomatic-rehabilitation-a-proposal-for-a-short-form-of-the-occupational-stress-and-coping-inventory-avem-3d
#1
V Beierlein, V Köllner, R Neu, H Schulz
Objectives: The assessment of work pressures is of particular importance in psychosomatic rehabilitation. An established questionnaire is the Occupational Stress and Coping Inventory (German abbr. AVEM), but it is quite long and with regard to scoring time-consuming in routine clinical care. It should therefore be tested, whether a shortened version of the AVEM can be developed, which is able to assess the formerly described three second-order factors of the AVEM, namely Working Commitment, Resilience, and Emotions, sufficiently reliable and valid, and which also may be used for screening of patients with prominent work-related behavior and experience patterns...
December 2016: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923235/association-of-the-cholinergic-muscarinic-m2-receptor-with-autonomic-nervous-system-activity-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-on-high-dose-antipsychotics
#2
Masatoshi Miyauchi, Ikuko Kishida, Akira Suda, Yohko Shiraishi, Saki Hattori, Mami Fujibayashi, Masataka Taguri, Chie Ishii, Norio Ishii, Toshio Moritani, Yoshio Hirayasu
BACKGROUND: Patients with schizophrenia have abnormal autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity compared with the general population. One reason for this difference is the muscarinic affinity for antipsychotic drugs; therefore, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the muscarinic receptor gene influence this ANS dysfunction. This study sought to determine the effect of SNPs of the cholinergic muscarinic receptor (CHRM) gene on ANS activity in patients with schizophrenia receiving antipsychotic drugs...
December 7, 2016: Neuropsychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923229/hands-on-experience-accreditation-of-pathology-laboratories-according-to-iso-15189
#3
Alexandar Tzankov, Luigi Tornillo
Accreditation is a procedure by which an authoritative body gives formal recognition that an organization is competent to carry out specific tasks according to certain standards. Accreditation of pathology laboratories according to ISO 15189 is now becoming more and more a matter of course in continental Europe. This review describes some practical experience aspects with our own pathology laboratory accreditation according to ISO 15189, and outlines the advantages, addresses critical points, and discusses certain caveats of this process...
December 7, 2016: Pathobiology: Journal of Immunopathology, Molecular and Cellular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923214/relationships-between-radiographic-pre-and-postoperative-alignment-and-patient-perceived-outcomes-following-weber-b-and-c-ankle-fractures
#4
Erik Hohmann, Frith Foottit, Kevin Tetsworth
BACKGROUND: Anatomic reduction of ankle fractures may influence outcomes but the relationships between these 2 variables are still unknown and require further investigation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between radiologic alignment of surgically treated ankle fractures and functional outcomes. METHODS: This retrospective study included patients who were surgically treated for Weber B and C ankle fractures. The outcome measures consisted of the Olerud and Molander Ankle Score (OMAS) and the foot and ankle disability measure...
October 23, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923213/proximity-of-the-lateral-calcaneal-artery-with-a-modified-extensile-lateral-approach-compared-to-standard-extensile-approach
#5
John Y Kwon, Tyler Gonzalez, Matthew D Riedel, Ara Nazarian, Mohammad Ghorbanhoseini
BACKGROUND: The extensile lateral approach (EL) has been associated with increased wound complications such as apical necrosis which may be due partially from violation of the lateral calcaneal artery (LCA). Traditionally, the vertical limb has been placed half-way between the fibula and Achilles tendon, which may be suboptimal given the proximity to the LCA. We hypothesized that placing the vertical limb further posterior (ie, modified EL [MEL]) would increase the distance from the LCA...
October 23, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923200/a-quantitative-lc-ms-ms-method-for-simultaneous-determination-of-cocaine-and-its-metabolites-in-whole-blood
#6
Xiabin Chen, Xirong Zheng, Kai Ding, Ziyuan Zhou, Chang-Guo Zhan, Fang Zheng
As new metabolic pathways of cocaine were recently identified, a high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed to simultaneously determine cocaine and nine cocaine-related metabolites in whole blood samples. One-step solid phase extraction was used to extract all of the ten compounds and corresponding internal standards from blood samples. All compounds and internal standards extracted were separated on an Atlantis T3 (100Å, 3μm, 2.1mm×150mm I.D) column and detected in positive ion and high sensitivity mode with multiple reaction monitoring...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923166/a-comparative-systematic-review-of-yasmin-drospirenone-pill-versus-standard-treatment-options-for-symptoms-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#7
REVIEW
Jing Li, Jing Ren, Wenxia Sun
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the impact of Yasmin (drospirenone pill) compares with other standard treatments for symptoms of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). STUDY DESIGN: The relevant studies of the randomized controlled trials in women with PCOS treated with drospirenone were retrieved and the systematic evaluation was conducted. RESULTS: Eighteen articles were included. Compared with drospirenone (DRSP) monotherapy, DRSP plus metformin was better in reducing body mass index (BMI), luteinizing hormone (LH) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)...
November 16, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923151/a-novel-role-for-the-kr%C3%A3-ppel-like-factor-14-on-macrophage-inflammatory-response-and-atherosclerosis-development
#8
Xiao Wei, Ruomei Yang, Chengpan Wang, Xun Jian, Ling Li, Hua Liu, Gangyi Yang, Zhiyong Li
Genome-wide association studies have shown that Krüppel-like factor 14 (KLF14) is associated with both Type 2 diabetes mellitus and lipid metabolism. However, its role in chronic inflammatory responses and the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis remains unknown. The present study was designed to investigate both in vivo and in vitro the impact of KLF14 on chronic inflammatory responses and atherosclerosis. ApoE KO mice, a well-established animal model of atherosclerosis, had higher expressions of KLF14 in aorta tissues than that in C57BL/6 J mice when fed the high-fat diet (HFD) or standard chow diet...
November 14, 2016: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923050/the-effect-of-alignment-changes-on-unilateral-transtibial-amputee-s-gait-a-systematic-review
#9
Niels Jonkergouw, Maarten R Prins, Arjan W P Buis, Peter van der Wurff
INTRODUCTION: Prosthetic alignment, positioning of a prosthetic foot relative to a socket, is an iterative process in which an amputee's gait is optimized through repetitive optical gait observation and induction of alignment adjustments when deviations are detected in spatiotemporal and kinematic gait parameters. An important limitation of the current prosthetic alignment approach is the subjectivity and the lack of standardized quantifiable baseline values. The purpose of this systematic review is to investigate if an optimal alignment criterion can be derived from published articles...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923013/community-mobilization-for-hiv-testing-uptake-results-from-a-community-randomized-trial-of-a-theory-based-intervention-in-rural-south-africa
#10
Sheri A Lippman, Torsten B Neilands, Catherine MacPhail, Dean Peacock, Suzanne Maman, Dumisani Rebombo, Rhian Twine, Amanda Selin, Hannah H Leslie, Kathleen Kahn, Audrey Pettifor
BACKGROUND: HIV testing uptake in South Africa is below optimal levels. Community mobilization (CM) may increase and sustain demand for HIV testing, however, little rigorous evidence exists regarding the effect of CM interventions on HIV testing and the mechanisms of action. METHODS: We implemented a theory-driven CM intervention in 11 of 22 randomly-selected villages in rural Mpumalanga Province. Cross-sectional surveys including a community mobilization measure were conducted before (n = 1181) and after (n = 1175) a 2-year intervention (2012-2014)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923010/effective-interpersonal-health-communication-for-linkage-to-care-after-hiv-diagnosis-in-south-africa
#11
Tonderai Mabuto, Salome Charalambous, Christopher J Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: Early in the global response to HIV, health communication was focused toward HIV prevention. More recently, the role of health communication along the entire HIV care continuum has been highlighted. We sought to describe how a strategy of interpersonal communication allows for precision health communication to influence behavior regarding care engagement. METHODS: We analyzed 1 to 5 transcripts from clients participating in longitudinal counseling sessions from a communication strategy arm of a randomized trial to accelerate entry into care in South Africa...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923009/counseling-framework-for-hiv-serodiscordant-couples-on-the-integrated-use-of-antiretroviral-therapy-and-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv-prevention
#12
Jennifer F Morton, Connie Celum, John Njoroge, Agnes Nakyanzi, Imeldah Wakhungu, Edna Tindimwebwa, Snaidah Ongachi, Eric Sedah, Emmanuel Okwero, Kenneth Ngure, Josephine Odoyo, Nulu Bulya, Jessica E Haberer, Jared M Baeten, Renee Heffron
BACKGROUND: For HIV-serodiscordant couples, integrated delivery of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV-positive partners and time-limited pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for negative partners virtually eliminates HIV transmission. Standardized messaging, sensitive to the barriers and motivators to HIV treatment and prevention, is needed for widespread scale-up of this approach. METHODS: Within the Partners Demonstration Project, a prospective interventional project among 1013 serodiscordant couples in Kenya and Uganda, we offered ART to eligible HIV-positive partners and PrEP to HIV-negative partners before ART initiation and through the HIV-positive partner's first 6 months of ART use...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923006/the-2016-infusion-therapy-standards-of-practice
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922994/the-2016-infusion-therapy-standards-of-practice
#14
Lisa A Gorski
Approximately every 5 years, the Infusion Nurses Society publishes evidence-based practice standards. This article provides an overview of the process used in standards development, describes the format of the standards, and provides a short summary of selected standards as applied to home care. The Standards are an important document that should be available to every home care organization that provides home infusion therapy.
January 2017: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922974/training-and-validating-a-deep-convolutional-neural-network-for-computer-aided-detection-and-classification-of-abnormalities-on-frontal-chest-radiographs
#15
Mark Cicero, Alexander Bilbily, Errol Colak, Tim Dowdell, Bruce Gray, Kuhan Perampaladas, Joseph Barfett
OBJECTIVES: Convolutional neural networks (CNNs) are a subtype of artificial neural network that have shown strong performance in computer vision tasks including image classification. To date, there has been limited application of CNNs to chest radiographs, the most frequently performed medical imaging study. We hypothesize CNNs can learn to classify frontal chest radiographs according to common findings from a sufficiently large data set. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our institution's research ethics board approved a single-center retrospective review of 35,038 adult posterior-anterior chest radiographs and final reports performed between 2005 and 2015 (56% men, average age of 56, patient type: 24% inpatient, 39% outpatient, 37% emergency department) with a waiver for informed consent...
December 5, 2016: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922973/incidence-and-outcomes-of-dermatofibrosarcoma-protuberans-in-the-us-pediatric-population
#16
Gustavo A Rubio, Andrea Alvarado, David J Gerth, Jun Tashiro, Seth R Thaller
BACKGROUND: Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a low-grade soft tissue sarcoma. In the pediatric population, DFSP is exceedingly rare. Aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology and clinical outcomes in a large pediatric cohort. METHODS: Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database (1973-2010) was analyzed for all patients with dermatofibrosarcoma occurring in patients <20 years of age. Data were extracted based on age, gender, race, anatomic site, histology, stage, treatment modalities, and survival...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922970/morphometric-analysis-of-sella-turcica-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#17
Yasin Yasa, Ali Ocak, Ibrahim Sevki Bayrakdar, Suayip Burak Duman, Ismail Gumussoy
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess morphological shape and morphometric analysis of the sella turcica using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in different planes of section (coronal and sagittal). MATERIALS AND METHODS: CBCT images of 177 subjects of which 51 males and 126 females in the age group of 11 to 73 years were included in the study population. Linear dimensions which include the length, depth, diameter, and interclinoid distance were measured and the shape of sella turcica was analyzed...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922950/a-prospective-randomized-comparative-trial-of-targeted-steroid-injection-via-epidural-catheter-versus-standard-c7-t1-interlaminar-approach-for-the-treatment-of-unilateral-cervical-radicular-pain
#18
Zachary L McCormick, Ariana Nelson, Meghan Bhave, Mikhail Zhukalin, Mark Kendall, Robert J McCarthy, Dost Khan, Geeta Nagpal, David R Walega
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: No study has compared cervical interlaminar epidural steroid injection (CIESI) with epidural catheter advancement to the side and level of pathology versus standard C7-T1 CIESI. This study investigated whether cervical radicular pain is more effectively treated by CIESI with a targeted epidural catheter versus a standard C7-T1 approach. METHODS: Prospective, randomized, single-blinded trial. PRIMARY OUTCOME: Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) pain at 1 month...
December 5, 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922938/skeletal-muscle-mass-is-associated-with-higher-dietary-protein-intake-and-lower-body-fat-in-postmenopausal-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Thaís R Silva, Poli M Spritzer
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between skeletal muscle mass and dietary protein intake, habitual physical activity, body composition, and metabolic variables. METHODS: One hundred three healthy postmenopausal women from southern Brazil (age 55.2 ± 4.9 y, body mass index 27.2 ± 4.6 kg/m) were enrolled. Bone mineral density, %body fat, %trunk fat mass, and appendicular lean mass were assessed by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, resting metabolic rate by indirect calorimetry, and habitual physical activity by pedometer...
December 5, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922912/the-current-overuse-and-misuse-of-meta-analyses-on-sublingual-immunotherapy-the-case-of-grass-pollen-allergy
#20
Erminia Ridolo, Cristoforo Incorvaia, Bruna Luciana Gritti, Giovanni Passalacqua
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Meta-analysis provides the highest level of evidence-based efficacy of a medical treatment or intervention. Allergen immunotherapy in its two forms of subcutaneous immunotherapy and sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) is an effective treatment of respiratory allergy as shown by meta-analyses, but in recent years there has been an overflow of meta-analyses on SLIT, with contrasting results that may generate confusion among physicians. RECENT FINDINGS: It can be observed that flaws are often present in meta-analyses including: incorrect selection of trials, inappropriate use of evaluation parameters for the analysis, and unsuitable analyses...
December 5, 2016: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
keyword
keyword
12951
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"