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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757222/internet-of-things-and-big-data-as-potential-solutions-to-the-problems-in-waste-electrical-and-electronic-equipment-management-an-exploratory-study
#1
Fu Gu, Buqing Ma, Jianfeng Guo, Peter A Summers, Philip Hall
Management of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) is a vital part in solid waste management, there are still some difficult issues require attentionss. This paper investigates the potential of applying Internet of Things (IoT) and Big Data as the solutions to the WEEE management problems. The massive data generated during the production, consumption and disposal of Electrical and Electronic Equipment (EEE) fits the characteristics of Big Data. Through using the state-of-the-art communication technologies, the IoT derives the WEEE "Big Data" from the life cycle of EEE, and the Big Data technologies process the WEEE "Big Data" for supporting decision making in WEEE management...
July 27, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754695/eastern-equine-encephalitis
#2
Daniel Berlin, Ahmed I Gilani, Amrit K Grewal, Mary Fowkes
We describe a patient who died from a fulminant presentation of encephalitis. After an exhaustive search, we found no treatable cause. Postmortem PCR analysis of brain tissue led to a diagnosis of eastern equine encephalitis. We have identified several clinical pearls that may assist others in making the diagnosis earlier in the disease course.
July 28, 2017: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722628/serologic-evidence-of-various-arboviruses-detected-in-white-tailed-deer-odocoileus-virginianus-in-the-united-states
#3
Kerri Pedersen, Eryu Wang, Scott C Weaver, Paul C Wolf, Adam R Randall, Kyle R Van Why, Amelia P A Travassos Da Rosa, Thomas Gidlewski
White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) are an abundant mammal with a wide geographic distribution in the United States, which make them good sentinels for monitoring arboviral activity across the country. Exposure to various arboviruses has been detected in white-tailed deer, typically in conjunction with another diagnostic finding. To better assess the exposure of white-tailed deer to seven arboviruses, we tested 1,508 sera collected from 2010 to 2016 for antibodies to eastern equine encephalitis (2.5%), Powassan (4...
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669496/using-choice-architecture-to-exploit-a-university-distinct-urban-mine
#4
REVIEW
Xavier Pierron, Ian D Williams, Peter J Shaw, Victoria Cleaver
There are widespread concerns regarding the potential future scarcity of ferrous and non-ferrous materials. However, there are already potentially rich reserves of secondary materials via high ownership of Electrical and Electronic Equipment (EEE) in economically-developed nations. Young people are particularly high consumers of EEE, thus university students and campuses may present an opportunity to harness this potential. University Distinct Urban Mines (DUM) may be used to exemplify how potential reserves of secondary metals may be exploited, and could contribute to the transition from a linear to a circular economy...
June 29, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620281/inhibition-of-the-mitochondrial-glutamate-carrier-slc25a22-in-astrocytes-leads-to-intracellular-glutamate-accumulation
#5
Emmanuelle Goubert, Yanina Mircheva, Francesco M Lasorsa, Christophe Melon, Emanuela Profilo, Julie Sutera, Hélène Becq, Ferdinando Palmieri, Luigi Palmieri, Laurent Aniksztejn, Florence Molinari
The solute carrier family 25 (SLC25) drives the import of a large diversity of metabolites into mitochondria, a key cellular structure involved in many metabolic functions. Mutations of the mitochondrial glutamate carrier SLC25A22 (also named GC1) have been identified in early epileptic encephalopathy (EEE) and migrating partial seizures in infancy (MPSI) but the pathophysiological mechanism of GC1 deficiency is still unknown, hampered by the absence of an in vivo model. This carrier is mainly expressed in astrocytes and is the principal gate for glutamate entry into mitochondria...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511269/the-role-of-birds-in-arboviral-disease-surveillance-in-harris-county-and-the-city-of-houston-texas
#6
Lauren Wilkerson, Martin Reyna Nava, Cheryl Battle-Freeman, Amelia Travassos da Rosa, Hilda Guzman, Robert Tesh, Mustapha Debboun
Avian arboviral surveillance is an integral part of any disease-based integrated mosquito control program. The Harris County Public Health Mosquito and Vector Control Division has performed arboviral surveillance in the wild birds of Harris County and the City of Houston since 1965. Blood samples from live trapped birds were tested for arboviral antibodies to West Nile virus (WNV), St. Louis encephalitis, Eastern equine encephalitis, and Western equine encephalitis. A dead bird surveillance program was created in 2002 with the arrival of WNV in Harris County...
January 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480291/fatal-eastern-equine-encephalitis-in-a-patient-on-maintenance-rituximab-a-case-report
#7
Isaac H Solomon, Pedro D S C Ciarlini, Sandro Santagata, Asim A Ahmed, Umberto De Girolami, Sashank Prasad, Shibani S Mukerji
A 63-year-old woman on rituximab maintenance for follicular lymphoma presented with headaches, vomiting, and fever, and was diagnosed with eastern equine encephalomyelitis by cerebrospinal fluid polymerase chain reaction. Eastern equine encephalomyelitis immunoglobulin (Ig)G/IgM remained negative due to rituximab treatment, and magnetic resonance imaging showed minimal abnormalities, making this a diagnostically challenging case. Despite therapy with intravenous Ig, the patient rapidly declined and died on hospital day 12...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468889/hypervariable-domain-of-eastern-equine-encephalitis-virus-nsp3-redundantly-utilizes-multiple-cellular-proteins-for-replication-complex-assembly
#8
Ilya Frolov, Dal Young Kim, Maryna Akhrymuk, James A Mobley, Elena I Frolova
Eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV) is a representative member of the New World alphaviruses. It is pathogenic for a variety of vertebrate hosts, in which EEEV induces a highly debilitating disease, and the outcomes are frequently lethal. Despite a significant public health threat, the molecular mechanism of EEEV replication and interaction with hosts is poorly understood. Our previously published data and those of other teams have demonstrated that hypervariable domains (HVDs) of the alphavirus nsP3 protein interact with virus-specific host factors and play critical roles in assembly of viral replication complexes (vRCs)...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412098/supply-and-demand-of-some-critical-metals-and-present-status-of-their-recycling-in-weee
#9
REVIEW
Shengen Zhang, Yunji Ding, Bo Liu, Chein-Chi Chang
New development and technological innovations make electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) more functional by using an increasing number of metals, particularly the critical metals (e.g. rare and precious metals) with specialized properties. As millions of people in emerging economies adopt a modern lifestyle, the demand for critical metals is soaring. However, the increasing demand causes the crisis of their supply because of their simple deficiency in the Earth's crust or geopolitical constraints which might create political issues for their supply...
April 12, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399216/emergent-and-reemergent-arboviruses-in-south-america-and-the-caribbean-why-so-many-and-why-now
#10
Carlos Brisola Marcondes, Marta Contigiani, Raquel Miranda Gleiser
Varios arbovirus han emergido y/o reemergido en el Nuevo Mundo en las últimas décadas. Los virus Zika y chikungunya, anteriormente restringidos a África y quizás Asia, invadieron el continente, causando gran preocupación; además siguen ocurriendo brotes causados por el virus dengue en casi todos los países, con millones de casos por año. El virus West Nile invadió rápidamente América del Norte, y ya se han encontrado casos en América Central y del Sur. Otros arbovirus, como Mayaro y el virus de la encefalitis equina del este han aumentado su actividad y se han encontrado en nuevas regiones...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384059/potential-sympatric-vectors-and-mammalian-hosts-of-venezuelan-equine-encephalitis-virus-in-southern-mexico
#11
Jesús Sotomayor-Bonilla, Carlos Antonio Abella-Medrano, Andrea Chaves, Paulina Álvarez-Mendizábal, Óscar Rico-Chávez, Sergio Ibáñez-Bernal, Melinda K Rostal, Rafael Ojeda-Flores, Arturo Barbachano-Guerrero, Gustavo Gutiérrez-Espeleta, A Alonso Aguirre, Peter Daszak, Gerardo Suzán
Arboviruses are important zoonotic agents with complex transmission cycles and are not well understood because they may involve many vectors and hosts. We studied sympatric wild mammals and hematophagous mosquitoes having the potential to act as hosts and vectors in two areas of southern Mexico. Mosquitoes, bats, and rodents were captured in Calakmul (Campeche) and Montes Azules (Chiapas), between November 2010 and August 2011. Spleen samples from 146 bats and 14 rodents were tested for molecular evidence of Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV), eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV), western equine encephalitis virus (WEEV), and West Nile virus (WNV) using PCR protocols...
July 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303918/effects-of-matrix-stiffness-on-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-like-processes-of-endometrial-epithelial-cells-implications-for-the-pathogenesis-of-endometriosis
#12
Sachiko Matsuzaki, Claude Darcha, Jean-Luc Pouly, Michel Canis
Endometriosis is defined as the presence of endometrial glands and stroma within extrauterine sites. Our previous study revealed an epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT)-like process in red peritoneal endometriosis, whereas membrane localization of E-cadherin was well maintained in epithelial cells of deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE). Here we show that endometrial epithelial cells (EEE) grown on polyacrylamide gel substrates (PGS) of 2 kilopascal (kPa), a soft matrix, initiate a partial EMT-like process with transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) stimulation...
March 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287934/seasonal-patterns-in-eastern-equine-encephalitis-virus-antibody-in-songbirds-in-southern-maine
#13
Susan P Elias, Patrick Keenan, Joan L Kenney, Sara R Morris, Kristen M Covino, Sara Robinson, Kimberly A Foss, Peter W Rand, Charles Lubelczyk, Eleanor H Lacombe, John-Paul Mutebi, David Evers, Robert P Smith
The intent of this study was to assess passerine eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEv) seroprevalence during the breeding season in southern Maine by testing songbird species identified in the literature as amplifying hosts of this virus. In 2013 and 2014, we collected serum samples from songbirds at a mainland site and an offshore island migratory stopover site, and screened samples for EEEv antibodies using plaque reduction neutralization tests. We compared seasonal changes in EEEv antibody seroprevalence in young (hatched in year of capture) and adult birds at the mainland site, and also compared early season seroprevalence in mainland versus offshore adult birds...
May 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284143/attitude-of-the-stakeholders-involved-in-the-repair-and-second-hand-sale-of-small-household-electrical-and-electronic-equipment-case-study-in-spain
#14
María D Bovea, Victoria Pérez-Belis, Pilar Quemades-Beltrán
The European legal framework for Electrical and Electronic Equipment (EEE) and Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) (Directive 2012/19/EU) prioritises reuse strategies against other valorisation options. Along these lines, this paper examines the awareness and perceptions of reusing small household EEE from the viewpoint of the different stakeholders involved in its end-of-life: repair centres, second-hand shops and consumers. Direct interviews were conducted in which an intended survey, designed specifically for each stakeholder, was answered by a representative sample of each one...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283042/erratum-to-characterization-and-pathogenesis-of-aerosolized-eastern-equine-encephalitis-in-the-common-marmoset-callithrix-jacchus
#15
Aimee I Porter, Rebecca A Erwin-Cohen, Nancy Twenhafel, Taylor Chance, Steven B Yee, Steven J Kern, David Norwood, Laurie J Hartman, Michael D Parker, Pamela J Glass, Luis DaSilva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 10, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208265/effect-of-nanoemitters-on-suppressing-the-formation-of-metal-adduct-ions-in-electrospray-ionization-mass-spectrometry
#16
Jun Hu, Qi-Yuan Guan, Jiang Wang, Xiao-Xiao Jiang, Zeng-Qiang Wu, Xing-Hua Xia, Jing-Juan Xu, Hong-Yuan Chen
In the work, we showed that the use of nanoemitters (tip dimension <1 μm, typically ∼100 nm) could dramatically reduce the nonspecific metal adduction to peptide or protein ions as well as improve the matrix tolerance of electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). The proton-enriched smaller initial droplets are supposed to have played a significant role in suppressing the formation of metal adduct ions in nanoemitters. The proton-enrichment effect in the nanoemitters is related to both the exclusion-enrichment effect (EEE) and the ion concentration polarization effect (ICP effect), which permit the molecular ions to be regulated to protonated ones...
February 7, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192048/a-serosurvey-of-diseases-of-free-ranging-gray-wolves-canis-lupus-in-minnesota-usa
#17
Michelle Carstensen, John H Giudice, Erik C Hildebrand, J P Dubey, John Erb, Dan Stark, John Hart, Shannon Barber-Meyer, L David Mech, Steve K Windels, Andrew J Edwards
We tested serum samples from 387 free-ranging wolves ( Canis lupus ) from 2007 to 2013 for exposure to eight canid pathogens to establish baseline data on disease prevalence and spatial distribution in Minnesota's wolf population. We found high exposure to canine adenoviruses 1 and 2 (88% adults, 45% pups), canine parvovirus (82% adults, 24% pups), and Lyme disease (76% adults, 39% pups). Sixty-six percent of adults and 36% of pups exhibited exposure to the protozoan parasite Neospora caninum . Exposure to arboviruses was confirmed, including West Nile virus (37% adults, 18% pups) and eastern equine encephalitis (3% adults)...
July 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173871/characterization-and-pathogenesis-of-aerosolized-eastern-equine-encephalitis-in-the-common-marmoset-callithrix-jacchus
#18
Aimee I Porter, Rebecca A Erwin-Cohen, Nancy Twenhafel, Taylor Chance, Steven B Yee, Steven J Kern, David Norwood, Laurie J Hartman, Michael D Parker, Pamela J Glass, Luis DaSilva
BACKGROUND: Licensed antiviral therapeutics and vaccines to protect against eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV) in humans currently do not exist. Animal models that faithfully recapitulate the clinical characteristics of human EEEV encephalitic disease, including fever, drowsiness, anorexia, and neurological signs such as seizures, are needed to satisfy requirements of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for clinical product licensing under the Animal Rule. METHODS: In an effort to meet this requirement, we estimated the median lethal dose and described the pathogenesis of aerosolized EEEV in the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus)...
February 7, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103209/west-nile-virus-and-other-nationally-notifiable-arboviral-diseases-united-states-2015
#19
Elisabeth Krow-Lucal, Nicole P Lindsey, Jennifer Lehman, Marc Fischer, J Erin Staples
Arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) are transmitted to humans primarily through the bites of infected mosquitoes and ticks. The leading cause of domestically acquired arboviral disease in the United States is West Nile virus (WNV) (1). Other arboviruses, including La Crosse, St. Louis encephalitis, Jamestown Canyon, Powassan, and eastern equine encephalitis viruses, also cause sporadic cases and outbreaks. This report summarizes surveillance data reported to CDC in 2015 for nationally notifiable arboviruses...
January 20, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099815/stocks-flows-and-distribution-of-critical-metals-in-embedded-electronics-in-passenger-vehicles
#20
Eliette Restrepo, Amund N Løvik, Patrick Wäger, Rolf Widmer, Radek Lonka, Daniel B Müller
One of the major applications of critical metals (CMs) is in electrical and electronic equipment (EEE), which is increasingly embedded in other products, notably passenger vehicles. However, recycling strategies for future CM quantities in end-of-life vehicles (ELVs) are poorly understood, mainly due to a limited understating of the complexity of automotive embedded EEE. We introduce a harmonization of the network structure of automotive electronics that enables a comprehensive quantification of CMs in all embedded EEE in a vehicle...
February 7, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
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