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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900196/the-role-of-gender-on-academic-performance-in-stem-related-disciplines-data-from-a-tertiary-institution
#1
Temitope M John, Joke A Badejo, Segun I Popoola, David O Omole, Jonathan A Odukoya, Priscilla O Ajayi, Mary Aboyade, Aderemi A Atayero
This data article presents data of academic performances of undergraduate students in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) disciplines in Covenant University, Nigeria. The data shows academic performances of Male and Female students who graduated from 2010 to 2014. The total population of samples in the observation is 3046 undergraduates mined from Biochemistry (BCH), Building technology (BLD), Computer Engineering (CEN), Chemical Engineering (CHE), Industrial Chemistry (CHM), Computer Science (CIS), Civil Engineering (CVE), Electrical and Electronics Engineering (EEE), Information and Communication Engineering (ICE), Mathematics (MAT), Microbiology (MCB), Mechanical Engineering (MCE), Management and Information System (MIS), Petroleum Engineering (PET), Industrial Physics-Electronics and IT Applications (PHYE), Industrial Physics-Applied Geophysics (PHYG) and Industrial Physics-Renewable Energy (PHYR)...
June 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883665/structural-characterization-and-formulation-development-of-a-trivalent-equine-encephalitis-virus-like-particle-vaccine-candidate
#2
Vishal M Toprani, Yuan Cheng, Newton Wahome, Harshit Khasa, Lisa A Kueltzo, Richard M Schwartz, C Russell Middaugh, Sangeeta B Joshi, David B Volkin
The zoonotic equine encephalitis viruses (EEV) can cause debilitating and life-threatening disease, leading to ongoing vaccine development efforts for an effective virus-like particle (VLP) vaccine based on three strains of EEV (Eastern, Western and Venezuelan or EEE, WEE and VEE VLPs, respectively). In this work, TEM and light scattering studies showed enveloped, spherical, and ∼70 nm sized VLPs. Biophysical studies demonstrated optimal VLP physical stability in the pH range of 7.5-8.5 and at temperatures below ∼50o C...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877674/risk-factors-for-precompetitive-sleep-behavior-in-elite-female-athletes
#3
Maria-Raquel Silva, Teresa Paiva
BACKGROUND: Sleep is of major importance for the athletes' short and long-term health, performance and recovery; however, published studies on athletes' sleep and even fewer before competition are scarce. This study evaluated the risk factors of sleep in young female gymnasts before an international competition. METHOD: Sixty-seven rhythmic gymnasts (M=18.7,SD=2.9yrs.) of high performance (M=36.6,SD=7.6h/week) were evaluated regarding training and sport practice, body composition, sleep duration, daytime sleepiness by the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, sleep quality by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, precompetitive anxiety by the Sport Competition Anxiety Test form A, and detailed dietary intake just prior to a world competition...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876456/learning-analytics-dataset-for-empirical-evaluation-of-entry-requirements-into-engineering-undergraduate-programs-in-a-nigerian-university
#4
Jonathan A Odukoya, Segun I Popoola, Aderemi A Atayero, David O Omole, Joke A Badejo, Temitope M John, Olalekan O Olowo
In Nigerian universities, enrolment into any engineering undergraduate program requires that the minimum entry criteria established by the National Universities Commission (NUC) must be satisfied. Candidates seeking admission to study engineering discipline must have reached a predetermined entry age and met the cut-off marks set for Senior School Certificate Examination (SSCE), Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME), and the post-UTME screening. However, limited effort has been made to show that these entry requirements eventually guarantee successful academic performance in engineering programs because the data required for such validation are not readily available...
April 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876377/learning-analytics-for-smart-campus-data-on-academic-performances-of-engineering-undergraduates-in-nigerian-private-university
#5
Segun I Popoola, Aderemi A Atayero, Joke A Badejo, Temitope M John, Jonathan A Odukoya, David O Omole
Empirical measurement, monitoring, analysis, and reporting of learning outcomes in higher institutions of developing countries may lead to sustainable education in the region. In this data article, data about the academic performances of undergraduates that studied engineering programs at Covenant University, Nigeria are presented and analyzed. A total population sample of 1841 undergraduates that studied Chemical Engineering (CHE), Civil Engineering (CVE), Computer Engineering (CEN), Electrical and Electronics Engineering (EEE), Information and Communication Engineering (ICE), Mechanical Engineering (MEE), and Petroleum Engineering (PET) within the year range of 2002-2014 are randomly selected...
April 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778831/black-plastics-linear-and-circular-economies-hazardous-additives-and-marine-pollution
#6
REVIEW
Andrew Turner
Black products constitute about 15% of the domestic plastic waste stream, of which the majority is single-use packaging and trays for food. This material is not, however, readily recycled owing to the low sensitivity of black pigments to near infrared radiation used in conventional plastic sorting facilities. Accordingly, there is mounting evidence that the demand for black plastics in consumer products is partly met by sourcing material from the plastic housings of end-of-life waste electronic and electrical equipment (WEEE)...
May 17, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745869/ictv-virus-taxonomy-profile-togaviridae
#7
Rubing Chen, Suchetana Mukhopadhyay, Andres Merits, Bethany Bolling, Farooq Nasar, Lark L Coffey, Ann Powers, Scott C Weaver, Ictv Report Consortium
The Togaviridae is a family of small, enveloped viruses with single-stranded, positive-sense RNA genomes of 10-12 kb. Within the family, the genus Alphavirus includes a large number of diverse species, while the genus Rubivirus includes the single species Rubella virus. Most alphaviruses are mosquito-borne and are pathogenic in their vertebrate hosts. Many are important human and veterinary pathogens (e.g. chikungunya virus and eastern equine encephalitis virus). Rubella virus is transmitted by respiratory routes among humans...
May 10, 2018: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737271/human-and-equine-infection-with-alphaviruses-and-flaviviruses-in-panam%C3%A3-during-2010-a-cross-sectional-study-of-household-contacts-during-an-encephalitis-outbreak
#8
Jean-Paul Carrera, Karoun H Bagamian, Amelia P Travassos da Rosa, Eryu Wang, Davis Beltran, Nathan D Gundaker, Blas Armien, Gianfranco Arroyo, Néstor Sosa, Juan Miguel Pascale, Anayansi Valderrama, Robert B Tesh, Amy Y Vittor, Scott C Weaver
Members of the genera Alphavirus (family Togaviridae ) and Flavivirus (family Flaviridae ) are important zoonotic human and equine etiologic agents of neurologic diseases in the New World. In 2010, an outbreak of Madariaga virus (MADV; formerly eastern equine encephalitis virus) and Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV) infections was reported in eastern Panamá. We further characterized the epidemiology of the outbreak by studying household contacts of confirmed human cases and of equine cases with neurological disease signs...
June 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722818/validation-of-a-risk-index-model-for-predicting-eastern-equine-encephalitis-virus-transmission-to-horses-in-florida
#9
Joni Downs, Mehrdad Vaziri, Alexandra Jenkins, Thomas Unnasch
Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus (EEEV) is the most pathogenic arbovirus endemic to the United States. EEEV primarily infects birds but can be fatal to humans, horses, and some other mammals. Although EEEV transmission occurs in the Northeastern, Southeastern, and Midwestern United States, the largest number of horse and human cases have been reported in Florida, the only state where transmission occurs year round. Currently, a GIS-based risk index (RI) model is used to map EEE transmission risk to horses in Florida...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717641/eastern-equine-encephalitis-in-puppies-in-michigan-and-new-york-states
#10
Caroline Andrews, Jodie Gerdin, Jon Patterson, Elizabeth L Buckles, Scott D Fitzgerald
Eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV) is classified as a select agent and is capable of causing mortality in humans and a number of veterinary species. Herein, we describe 3 cases of EEE in puppies in Michigan and New York. Two puppies were euthanized following an acute history of seizures and obtundation. A littermate of one of these puppies died 2 wk earlier following a history of anorexia and fever. All 3 puppies lacked significant gross anatomic lesions at autopsy and tested negative for rabies virus...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710588/measuring-the-sustainability-of-tin-in-china
#11
Congren Yang, Quanyin Tan, Xianlai Zeng, Yuping Zhang, Zhishi Wang, Jinhui Li
Tin is a component of many items used in daily activities, including solder in consumer electronics, tin can containing food and beverages, polyvinyl chloride stabilizers in construction products, catalysts in industrial processes, etc. China is the largest producer and consumer of refined tin, and more than 60% of this refined tin is applied in the electronics sector as solder. China is the leader in global economic growth; simultaneously, China is also a major producer and consumer of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE)...
September 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618651/large-scale-complete-genome-sequencing-and-phylodynamic-analysis-of-eastern-equine-encephalitis-virus-reveal-source-sink-transmission-dynamics-in-the-united-states
#12
Yi Tan, Tommy Tsan-Yuk Lam, Lea A Heberlein-Larson, Sandra C Smole, Albert J Auguste, Scott Hennigan, Rebecca A Halpin, Nadia Fedorova, Vinita Puri, Timothy B Stockwell, Meghan H Shilts, Theodore Andreadis, Philip M Armstrong, Robert B Tesh, Scott C Weaver, Thomas R Unnasch, Alexander T Ciota, Laura D Kramer, Suman R Das
Eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV) has a high case-fatality rate in horses and humans, and Florida has been hypothesized to be the source of EEEV epidemics for the northeastern U.S. To test this hypothesis, we sequenced complete genomes of 433 EEEV strains collected within the U.S. from 1934 to 2014. Phylogenetic analysis suggested EEEV evolves relatively slowly and that transmission is enzootic in Florida, characterized by higher genetic diversity and long-term local persistence. In contrast, EEEV in New York and Massachusetts were characterized by lower genetic diversity, multiple introductions, and shorter local persistence...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575672/serological-evidence-of-widespread-exposure-of-grenada-fruit-bats-to-chikungunya-virus
#13
D Stone, A C Lyons, Y-J S Huang, D L Vanlandingham, S Higgs, B J Blitvich, A A Adesiyun, S E Santana, L Leiser-Miller, S Cheetham
Antibody detection against selected potentially zoonotic vector-borne alphaviruses and flaviviruses was conducted on sera from bats from all six parishes in Grenada, West Indies. Sera were tested for (i) antibodies to flaviviruses West Nile virus, St. Louis encephalitis virus, Ilhéus virus, Bussuquara virus (BSQV), Rio Bravo virus and all four serotypes of dengue virus (DENV) by plaque reduction neutralization test (PRNT); (ii) antibodies to alphaviruses western equine encephalitis virus, Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus and eastern equine encephalitis virus by epitope-blocking enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); and (iii) antibodies to the alphavirus chikungunya (CHIKV) by PRNT...
March 25, 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557336/eastern-equine-encephalitis-virus-in-the-united-states-2003-2016
#14
Nicole P Lindsey, J Erin Staples, Marc Fischer
Eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV) is a mosquito-borne alphavirus found in the eastern United States. Eastern equine encephalitis virus disease in humans is rare but can result in severe, often fatal, illness. This report summarizes the national EEEV surveillance data for 2003 through 2016, including human disease cases and nonhuman infections. Over the 14-year period, 633 counties from 33 states reported EEEV activity; 88% of those counties reported EEEV activity only in nonhuman species. A total of 121 human cases of EEEV disease were reported, with a median of eight cases reported annually...
May 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522935/extended-endoscopic-endonasal-approach-for-recurrent-or-residual-symptomatic-craniopharyngiomas
#15
Bin Tang, Limin Xiao, Shenhao Xie, Guanlin Huang, Zhigang Wang, Dongwei Zhou, Erming Zeng, Tao Hong
OBJECTIVES: Removal of recurrent or residual symptomatic craniopharyngiomas is more challenging than the primary surgery. The extended endoscopic endonasal (EEE) approach has been proposed an alternative surgical route for removal of various suprasellar tumors including craniopharyngiomas currently. In this study, we summarized the operative experience and described the feasibility and advantages of this technique in recurrent or residual symptomatic craniopharyngiomas. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 15 patients (9 males and 6 females) whom underwent EEE approach between April 2012 and February 2017, were included in this study...
May 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503959/ocular-histopathology-in-eastern-equine-encephalitis-a-case-report
#16
Eleonora M Lad, Sally S Ong, Alan D Proia
Purpose: To describe the ophthalmic symptoms and histopathological findings in a human case of Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE). Observations: The patient was a septuagenarian male whose presentation and clinical course were thought to be most consistent with viral meningoencephalitis. ELISA suggested recent infection with EEE virus. Microscopic analysis of the brain demonstrated perivascular lymphohistiocytic cuffing which was consistent with viral type encephalitis...
April 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454818/comprehensive-characterization-of-printed-circuit-boards-of-various-end-of-life-electrical-and-electronic-equipment-for-beneficiation-investigation
#17
Anshu Priya, Subrata Hait
Comprehensive characterization of printed circuit board (PCB) of end-of-life electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) is obligatory for prospective profitable beneficiation. In this study, beneficiation oriented comprehensive characterization of two brands of PCBs each of 16 end-of-life EEE was conducted in terms of their physicochemical characteristics with special emphasis on the content of 16 general elements, 2 precious metals and 15 rare earth elements (REEs). General elements and their highest weight percent composition found in different PCBs of the EEEs were Cu (23% in laptop), Al (6% in computer), Pb (15% in DVD player) and Ba (7% in TV)...
May 2018: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366799/gravimetric-composition-of-the-rejects-coming-from-the-segregation-process-of-the-municipal-recyclable-wastes
#18
J M B M Moura, I Gohr Pinheiro, J L Carmo
Rejects from selective collection are municipal solid waste (MSW) not used for recycling and are, therefore, destined for the landfill in Brazil. Knowledge of the composition and generation of this waste is important for strategically planning public policies that minimize its generation and its negative environmental impacts. However, this portion of MSW is not very well known. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the rejects from the sorting process of the selective waste collection in the municipality of Blumenau, in the State of Santa Catarina, southern Brazil...
April 2018: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364307/solid-state-one-way-photoisomerisation-of-z-e-z-1-6-4-4-diphenyl-hexa-1-3-5-triene-dicarboxylate-examined-using-higher-order-derivative-spectra-and-powder-xrd-patterns
#19
Yoriko Sonoda, Midori Goto, Kunihiro Ichimura
Higher order derivative spectra were applied at first to one-way ZEZ-to-EEE photoisomerisation of dimethyl ester (ZEZ-DPH1) of the titled compound in a methylcyclohexane solution. Many common crossing points emerged in UV-induced derivative-spectral changes to reveal the direct ZEZ-to-EEE photoisomerisation without the transient formation of an intermediate to suggest the bicycle-pedal mechanism. The solid-state photoisomerisation was subsequently monitored by tracing changes in the fourth-order derivatives of absorption spectra of a thin crystalline layer of ZEZ-DPH1 prepared by the drop-casting method, because the distortion of absorption spectra due to light scattering is cancelled...
March 14, 2018: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324725/west-nile-virus-and-other-nationally-notifiable-arboviral-diseases-united-states-2016
#20
Alexis Burakoff, Jennifer Lehman, Marc Fischer, J Erin Staples, Nicole P Lindsey
Arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) are transmitted to humans primarily through the bites of infected mosquitoes and ticks. West Nile virus (WNV) is the leading cause of domestically acquired arboviral disease in the continental United States (1,2). Other arboviruses, including La Crosse, Powassan, Jamestown Canyon, St. Louis encephalitis, and eastern equine encephalitis viruses, cause sporadic cases of disease and occasional outbreaks. This report summarizes surveillance data reported to CDC for 2016 for nationally notifiable arboviruses...
January 12, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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