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Aesthetic dentistry

Christopher Orr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 21, 2016: British Dental Journal
F Spear
Some of the most challenging patients to produce a pleasing smile for are those who present with inadequate tooth display (either due to tooth position, the patient has normal size teeth, but they aren't exposed adequately to fill out the smile) or due to tooth size (the teeth are small, often due to tooth wear). The key to understanding how to manage these patients is to learn to understand the possible aetiologies that could produce the condition, and learn how to diagnose which aetiologies exist for your patient...
October 21, 2016: British Dental Journal
Veerasamy Yengopal, Soraya Yasin Harnekar, Naren Patel, Nandi Siegfried
BACKGROUND: Childhood caries (tooth decay) consists of a form of tooth decay that affects the milk teeth (also known as baby or primary teeth) of children. This may range from tooth decay in a single tooth to rampant caries affecting all the teeth in the mouth. Primary teeth in young children are vital to their development and every effort should be made to retain these teeth for as long as is possible. Dental fillings or restorations have been used as an intervention to repair these damaged teeth...
October 17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Dániel Palkovics, István Gera
BACKGROUND: The dimension of attached gingiva is a very important landmark in the periodontal health, and determine the function of the mucogingival unit, the progression of marginal inflammation and also affects aesthetic dentistry, orthodontics and implantology. The determination of gingival/periodontal biotype is important in dental/periodontal practice. Hence, the aim of this cross sectional clinical study was to assess the width and thickness of attached gingiva in young, periodontally healthy individuals and to provide anthropometric data in Hungary...
June 2016: Fogorvosi Szemle
David G M Mosmuller, Lisette M Mennes, Charlotte Prahl, Gem J C Kramer, Melissa A Disse, Gijs M van Couwelaar, Frank B Niessen, J P W Don Griot
OBJECTIVE:   The development of the Cleft Aesthetic Rating Scale, a simple and reliable photographic reference scale for the assessment of nasolabial appearance in complete unilateral cleft lip and palate patients. DESIGN:   A blind retrospective analysis of photographs of cleft lip and palate patients was performed with this new rating scale. SETTING:   VU Medical Center Amsterdam and the Academic Center for Dentistry of Amsterdam. PATIENTS:   Complete unilateral cleft lip and palate patients at the age of 6 years...
August 18, 2016: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
A Baj, L Lo Muzio, D Lauritano, V Candotto, G E Mancini, A B Giannì
Oral rehabilitation with implant-supported restorations has become a successful therapy resulting in high survival rate (SR). Recently, some reports have stated that submerged implants have no differences in SR compared to transmucosal implants. It was also reported that a reduction in timing of implant loading (from 12-24 weeks to 6-8 weeks) does not affect the predictability and SR of the implants. In particular, the reduction of the loading period is well accepted by the full edentulous patient, due to the functional and aesthetic problems related to denture wearing...
April 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Yasser Alfawaz
Ceramics has become increasingly popular as a dental restorative material because of its superior esthetics, as well as its inertness and biocompatibility. Among dental ceramics, zirconia is used as a dental biomaterial and it is the material of choice in contemporary restorative dentistry. Zirconia ceramics has both clinical popularity and success due to its outstanding mechanical properties and ease of machining in the green stage via computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing technology. Zirconia is one of the most promising restorative biomaterial because it has favorable mechanical and chemical properties suitable for medical application...
2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
S S Patil, U R Kontham, A Kamath, R Kontham
AIM: This was to determine the shear bond strength of composite resin bonded to preformed metal crowns with a new adhesive. Buccal surfaces of the crowns were roughened by two different methods to increase retention. METHOD: Typodont mandibular second primary molars (38) were divided into two groups (19 per group). Preformed metal crowns were cemented to the teeth with glass-ionomer cement. To enhance retention, buccal surfaces of the crowns in group I were roughened with cross-cut carbide burs (SS White #56); crowns in group II were sandblasted (aluminium oxide, 50 µm)...
July 13, 2016: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Raquel Montes-Fariza, Manuel Monterde-Hernández, Cristina Cabanillas-Casabella, Antonio Pallares-Sabater
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the radiopacity of 6 modern resin cements with that of human enamel and dentine using the Digora digital radiography system, to verify whether they meet the requirements of ANSI/ADA specification no. 27/1993 and the ISO 4049/2000 standard and assess whether their radiopacity is influenced by the thickness of the cement employed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three 3-thickness samples (0.5, 1 and 1.5 mm) were fabricated for each material...
June 2016: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Adrian Ho, Colman McGrath, Nikos Mattheos
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess the educational value of YouTube patient testimonial videos in implant dentistry and qualitatively analyse the themes mentioned. METHODS: Videos were sampled consecutively on YouTube, using the keywords "dental implant patients' testimonials experience," sorted "by relevance." Patient testimonials on dental implant treatment were examined. Inaudible or non-English videos were excluded. Four calibrated investigators scored the videos for educational content, using a matrix derived from the European Association for Osseointegration information booklet, and demographic details were recorded...
June 8, 2016: Clinical Oral Implants Research
Nishi Tanwar, Satish Chander Narula, Rajender Kumar Sharma, Shikha Tewari
INTRODUCTION: Presence of intact interdental papilla is considered as an essential component of aesthetic dentistry. Loss or absence of interdental papilla creates black triangles which are unpleasing. AIM: The purpose of the present study was to determine relation of interproximal distances and cementoenamel junction with the classification of interdental papilla recession after surgical exposure in chronic periodontitis patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional, single masked study group involved 198 interdental papillae in 50 chronic periodontitis patients subjected to open flap debridement...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Montserrat Boronat-Catalá, Carlos Bellot-Arcís, José María Montiel-Company, Montserrat Catalá-Pizarro, José Manuel Almerich-Silla
OBJECTIVE: To assess the differences in occlusal features in three cohorts at 9, 12 and 15 years of age, and compare orthodontic treatment need measured by the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI) and Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: School of Dentistry, University of Valencia. SUBJECTS: A total of 1086 children: 321 aged 9, 397 aged 12 and 368 aged 15. METHODS: Children were examined to measure their orthodontic treatment need according to IOTN and DAI...
June 2016: Journal of Orthodontics
G Burgueño-Barris, B Cortés-Acha, R Figueiredo, E Valmaseda-Castellón
BACKGROUND: Several aesthetic indexes have been described to assess implant aesthetics. The aim of this study was to compare the aesthetic assessment made by dental professionals and students of single-tooth implants placed in the upper incisors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey study using a subjective questionnaire to assess the aesthetics in 3 implant supported single-tooth cases in the anterior maxilla was performed. The interviewed subjects were divided into 4 groups: dentist with experience in implant treatment, dentists without experience in implants and 3rd and 5th year dental students...
2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Fred S Margolis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Today's FDA: Official Monthly Journal of the Florida Dental Association
C Meena Kumari, K Manohar Bhat, Rahul Bansal
INTRODUCTION: Resin based composites are widely used aesthetic restorative materials in clinical restorative dentistry. The filler size and the percentage of fillers affects smooth surface, clinical durability, aesthetics, better optical properties, compatibility with natural enamel tissue, surface gloss, and preventing the discoloration of the restoration. The finishing and polishing of tooth-coloured restorations are necessary clinical steps for better aesthetics and longevity of restored teeth...
January 2016: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
Guido Migliau, Laith Konstantinos Besharat, Afrah Ali Abdullah Sofan, Eshrak Ali Abdullah Sofan, Umberto Romeo
AIM: Re-establishing a patient's lost dental aesthetic appearance is one of the most important topics for contemporary dentistry. New treatment materials and methods have been coming on the scene, day by day, in order to achieve such an aim. Most dentists prefer more conservative and aesthetic approaches, such as direct or indirect veneer restorations, instead of full-ceramic crowns for anteriors where aesthetics is really important. The aim of the study is to evaluate clinically the effectiveness of a direct composite veneering system in resolving aesthetic problem of an upper incisor with a multidisciplinary treatment approach...
July 2015: Annali di Stomatologia
Hong-qiang Ye, Yu-shu Liu, Yun-song Liu, Jing Ning, Yi-jiao Zhao, Yong-sheng Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To explore a method of constructing universal 3-dimensional (3D) colorized digital dental model which can be displayed and edited in common 3D software (such as Geomagic series), in order to improve the visual effect of digital dental model in 3D software. METHODS: The morphological data of teeth and gingivae were obtained by intra-oral scanning system (3Shape TRIOS), constructing 3D digital dental models. The 3D digital dental models were exported as STL files...
February 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Mritunjay Kumar, Rajiv Chawla, Manish Goyal
Topical anesthetics are being widely used in numerous medical and surgical sub-specialties such as anesthesia, ophthalmology, otorhinolaryngology, dentistry, urology, and aesthetic surgery. They cause superficial loss of pain sensation after direct application. Their delivery and effectiveness can be enhanced by using free bases; by increasing the drug concentration, lowering the melting point; by using physical and chemical permeation enhancers and lipid delivery vesicles. Various topical anesthetic agents available for use are eutectic mixture of local anesthetics, ELA-max, lidocaine, epinephrine, tetracaine, bupivanor, 4% tetracaine, benzocaine, proparacaine, Betacaine-LA, topicaine, lidoderm, S-caine patch™ and local anesthetic peel...
October 2015: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
Joanna Monika Kobierska-Brzoza, Maciej Dobrzyński, Katarzyna Agnieszka Fita, Dorota Bader-Orłowska, Maria Szymonowicz
Conservative treatment which restores the function, aesthetics and protects remaining tooth structure, and what is the most important, the viability of the tooth pulp, is still needed. Dental fillings replace specialized tissues of the tooth that have been lost due to caries or injury. Any decision concerning the use of a particular restorative material should be individualized and based on the competence regarding the composition, properties and characteristics of the specific restorative material. This requires continuous updating of knowledge about available dental materials as well as education of patients who, according to actual models of dental care, should be active partners in the therapeutic process...
January 2015: Polimery W Medycynie
P N Tannure, G G Moraes, McU Borba, A Abrahão, Mtrc Andrade, Tks Fidalgo
The aim of this case report is to describe the treatment planning of a young child with severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) as well as the prosthetic rehabilitation technique. A 3-year-old female child was referred to the pediatric dentistry clinic with the chief complaint of tooth pain, difficulty in eating and recurrent hospitalizations caused by dental infections. The mother reported intermittent episodes of fever and recurrent swelling of child's face. The girl presented angular cheilitis and was referred to a dietitian...
2015: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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