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Aesthetic dentistry

Bhenya Ottoni Tostes, Renato Bastos Guimarães, Jaime Dutra Noronha-Filho, Glauco Dos Santos Botelho, José Guilherme Antunes Guimarães, Eduardo Moreira da Silva
This study evaluated the effect of air-abrasion on t®m phase transformation, roughness, topography and the elemental composition of three Y-TZP (Yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal) dental ceramics: two conventional (Lava Frame and IPS ZirCad) and one with high-translucency (Lava Plus). Plates obtained from sintered blocks of each ceramic were divided into four groups: AS (as-sintered); 30 (air-abrasion with 30 mm Si-coated Al2O3 particles); 50 (air-abrasion with 50 mm Al2O3 particles) and 150 (air-abrasion with 150 mm Al2O3 particles)...
January 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
Anshul Rai, Adesh Shrivastava, Manal M Khan
PURPOSE: The aim of this present article was to know the efficacy of bone mapping/sketching in management of anterior table frontal sinus fracture. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective clinical study includes 10 patients who reported to department of dentistry, AIIMS Bhopal with anterior table frontal sinus fracture. Sterile plain white paper or a glove cover was used for mapping/sketching. The patients were evaluated for post-operative contour of the fractured frontal sinus defect and any mucocele formation...
March 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Hassan Suliman Halawany, Abdullah Salman Binassfour, Waleed Khalid AlHassan, Rami Ayed Alhejaily, Nassr Al Maflehi, Vimal Jacob, Nimmi Biju Abraham
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate evolving trends in dental post graduate specialty preferences and career aspirations among final year dental students in Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross sectional survey using a self-administered questionnaire was conducted among final year dental students from seventeen universities in Saudi Arabia. The questionnaire enquired about socio-demographic details and the ranking of three of their best preferences among the list of specialties/general dentistry and career options...
January 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
Nayansi Jha, Jae Jun Ryu, Rizwan Wahab, Abdulaziz A Al-Khedhairy, Eun Ha Choi, Nagendra Kumar Kaushik
Gingival hyperpigmentation and the condition known as gummy smile are very common dental cosmetic problems. Gingival hyperpigmentation arises due to the excess presence of melanin in certain regions of the gums. In the case of gummy smile, more than the required amount of gingival tissue is exposed upon smiling. An aesthetically pleasing smile should expose only a negligible amount of gingival tissue. Gummy smile and gingival hyperpigmentation can have detrimental effects on the aesthetic quality of a smile, and thereby a wide variety of treatment options must be taken into consideration depending patient outcome objectives...
January 29, 2017: Oncotarget
Reem Alkhudairy, Esam Tashkandi
AIM OF THE STUDY: To study the effectiveness of a structured shade-match training program on dentists' ability to match teeth colors. METHODS: Forty dentists were selected by convenient sampling with normal color vision. The training program is based on visual attention concept and was divided into two parts (educational and training module). Level of knowledge of color was assessed pre and post using a questionnaire. Shade-matching ability was assessed pre and post by using four tabs of the VITA Linearguide 3D-MASTER shade guide (4R1...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
I A van Dijk, A F Beker, W Jellema, K Nazmi, G Wu, D Wismeijer, P M Krawczyk, J G M Bolscher, E C I Veerman, J Stap
Cellular adhesion is essential for successful integration of dental implants. Rapid soft tissue integration is important to create a seal around the implant and prevent infections, which commonly cause implant failure and can result in bone loss. In addition, soft tissue management is important to obtain good dental aesthetics. We previously demonstrated that the salivary peptide histatin 1 (Hst1) causes a more than 2-fold increase in the ability of human adherent cells to attach and spread on a glass surface...
April 2017: Journal of Dental Research
Renu Batra, Pratik Kataria, Sonali Kapoor
INTRODUCTION: Scientifically and clinically there has been lot of development in the field of aesthetic dentistry. However, there is limited or restricted information regarding the color stability of flowable composite materials. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the spectrophotometric color stability of three different flowable composite materials with respect to three different pH of saliva. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 90 different samples...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Christopher Orr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 21, 2016: British Dental Journal
F Spear
Some of the most challenging patients to produce a pleasing smile for are those who present with inadequate tooth display (either due to tooth position, the patient has normal size teeth, but they aren't exposed adequately to fill out the smile) or due to tooth size (the teeth are small, often due to tooth wear). The key to understanding how to manage these patients is to learn to understand the possible aetiologies that could produce the condition, and learn how to diagnose which aetiologies exist for your patient...
October 21, 2016: British Dental Journal
Veerasamy Yengopal, Soraya Yasin Harnekar, Naren Patel, Nandi Siegfried
BACKGROUND: Childhood caries (tooth decay) consists of a form of tooth decay that affects the milk teeth (also known as baby or primary teeth) of children. This may range from tooth decay in a single tooth to rampant caries affecting all the teeth in the mouth. Primary teeth in young children are vital to their development and every effort should be made to retain these teeth for as long as is possible. Dental fillings or restorations have been used as an intervention to repair these damaged teeth...
October 17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Dániel Palkovics, István Gera
BACKGROUND: The dimension of attached gingiva is a very important landmark in the periodontal health, and determine the function of the mucogingival unit, the progression of marginal inflammation and also affects aesthetic dentistry, orthodontics and implantology. The determination of gingival/periodontal biotype is important in dental/periodontal practice. Hence, the aim of this cross sectional clinical study was to assess the width and thickness of attached gingiva in young, periodontally healthy individuals and to provide anthropometric data in Hungary...
June 2016: Fogorvosi Szemle
David G M Mosmuller, Lisette M Mennes, Charlotte Prahl, Gem J C Kramer, Melissa A Disse, Gijs M van Couwelaar, Frank B Niessen, J P W Don Griot
OBJECTIVE:   The development of the Cleft Aesthetic Rating Scale, a simple and reliable photographic reference scale for the assessment of nasolabial appearance in complete unilateral cleft lip and palate patients. DESIGN:   A blind retrospective analysis of photographs of cleft lip and palate patients was performed with this new rating scale. SETTING:   VU Medical Center Amsterdam and the Academic Center for Dentistry of Amsterdam. PATIENTS:   Complete unilateral cleft lip and palate patients at the age of 6 years...
August 18, 2016: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
A Baj, L Lo Muzio, D Lauritano, V Candotto, G E Mancini, A B Giannì
Oral rehabilitation with implant-supported restorations has become a successful therapy resulting in high survival rate (SR). Recently, some reports have stated that submerged implants have no differences in SR compared to transmucosal implants. It was also reported that a reduction in timing of implant loading (from 12-24 weeks to 6-8 weeks) does not affect the predictability and SR of the implants. In particular, the reduction of the loading period is well accepted by the full edentulous patient, due to the functional and aesthetic problems related to denture wearing...
April 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Yasser Alfawaz
Ceramics has become increasingly popular as a dental restorative material because of its superior esthetics, as well as its inertness and biocompatibility. Among dental ceramics, zirconia is used as a dental biomaterial and it is the material of choice in contemporary restorative dentistry. Zirconia ceramics has both clinical popularity and success due to its outstanding mechanical properties and ease of machining in the green stage via computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing technology. Zirconia is one of the most promising restorative biomaterial because it has favorable mechanical and chemical properties suitable for medical application...
May 1, 2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
S S Patil, U R Kontham, A Kamath, R Kontham
AIM: This was to determine the shear bond strength of composite resin bonded to preformed metal crowns with a new adhesive. Buccal surfaces of the crowns were roughened by two different methods to increase retention. METHOD: Typodont mandibular second primary molars (38) were divided into two groups (19 per group). Preformed metal crowns were cemented to the teeth with glass-ionomer cement. To enhance retention, buccal surfaces of the crowns in group I were roughened with cross-cut carbide burs (SS White #56); crowns in group II were sandblasted (aluminium oxide, 50 µm)...
October 2016: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Raquel Montes-Fariza, Manuel Monterde-Hernández, Cristina Cabanillas-Casabella, Antonio Pallares-Sabater
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the radiopacity of 6 modern resin cements with that of human enamel and dentine using the Digora digital radiography system, to verify whether they meet the requirements of ANSI/ADA specification no. 27/1993 and the ISO 4049/2000 standard and assess whether their radiopacity is influenced by the thickness of the cement employed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three 3-thickness samples (0.5, 1 and 1.5 mm) were fabricated for each material...
June 2016: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Adrian Ho, Colman McGrath, Nikos Mattheos
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess the educational value of YouTube patient testimonial videos in implant dentistry and qualitatively analyse the themes mentioned. METHODS: Videos were sampled consecutively on YouTube, using the keywords "dental implant patients' testimonials experience," sorted "by relevance." Patient testimonials on dental implant treatment were examined. Inaudible or non-English videos were excluded. Four calibrated investigators scored the videos for educational content, using a matrix derived from the European Association for Osseointegration information booklet, and demographic details were recorded...
June 8, 2016: Clinical Oral Implants Research
Nishi Tanwar, Satish Chander Narula, Rajender Kumar Sharma, Shikha Tewari
INTRODUCTION: Presence of intact interdental papilla is considered as an essential component of aesthetic dentistry. Loss or absence of interdental papilla creates black triangles which are unpleasing. AIM: The purpose of the present study was to determine relation of interproximal distances and cementoenamel junction with the classification of interdental papilla recession after surgical exposure in chronic periodontitis patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional, single masked study group involved 198 interdental papillae in 50 chronic periodontitis patients subjected to open flap debridement...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Montserrat Boronat-Catalá, Carlos Bellot-Arcís, José María Montiel-Company, Montserrat Catalá-Pizarro, José Manuel Almerich-Silla
OBJECTIVE: To assess the differences in occlusal features in three cohorts at 9, 12 and 15 years of age, and compare orthodontic treatment need measured by the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI) and Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: School of Dentistry, University of Valencia. SUBJECTS: A total of 1086 children: 321 aged 9, 397 aged 12 and 368 aged 15. METHODS: Children were examined to measure their orthodontic treatment need according to IOTN and DAI...
June 2016: Journal of Orthodontics
G Burgueño-Barris, B Cortés-Acha, R Figueiredo, E Valmaseda-Castellón
BACKGROUND: Several aesthetic indexes have been described to assess implant aesthetics. The aim of this study was to compare the aesthetic assessment made by dental professionals and students of single-tooth implants placed in the upper incisors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey study using a subjective questionnaire to assess the aesthetics in 3 implant supported single-tooth cases in the anterior maxilla was performed. The interviewed subjects were divided into 4 groups: dentist with experience in implant treatment, dentists without experience in implants and 3rd and 5th year dental students...
July 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
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