keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Language acquisition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635323/preserving-employee-privacy-in-wellness
#1
Paul E Terry
The proposed "Preserving Employee Wellness Programs Act" states that the collection of information about the manifested disease or disorder of a family member shall not be considered an unlawful acquisition of genetic information. The bill recognizes employee privacy protections that are already in place and includes specific language relating to nondiscrimination based on illness. Why did legislation expressly intending to "preserve wellness programs" generate such antipathy about wellness among journalists? This article argues that those who are committed to preserving employee wellness must be equally committed to preserving employee privacy...
July 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628732/understanding-neurophobia-reasons-behind-impaired-understanding-and-learning-of-neuroanatomy-in-cross-disciplinary-healthcare-students
#2
Muhammad Asim Javaid, Shelly Chakraborty, John F Cryan, Harriët Schellekens, André Toulouse
Recent studies have highlighted a fear or difficulty with the study and understanding of neuroanatomy among medical and healthcare students. This has been linked with a diminished confidence of clinical practitioners and students to manage patients with neurological conditions. The underlying reasons for this difficulty have been queried among a broad cohort of medical, dental, occupational therapy, and speech and language sciences students. Direct evidence of the students' perception regarding specific difficulties associated with learning neuroanatomy has been provided and some of the measures required to address these issues have been identified...
June 19, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627934/adult-patient-decision-making-regarding-implantation-of-complex-cardiac-devices-a-scoping-review
#3
Alison Malecki-Ketchell, Paul Marshall, Joan Maclean
BACKGROUND: Complex cardiac rhythm management device (CRMD) therapy provides an important treatment option for people at risk of sudden cardiac death. Despite the survival benefit, device implantation is associated with significant physical and psychosocial concerns presenting considerable challenges for the decision-making process surrounding CRMD implantation for patients and physicians. AIMS: The purpose of this scoping review was to explore what is known about how adult (>16 years) patients make decisions regarding implantation of CRMD therapy...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626432/visible-social-interactions-do-not-support-the-development-of-false-belief-understanding-in-the-absence-of-linguistic-input-evidence-from-deaf-adult-homesigners
#4
Deanna L Gagne, Marie Coppola
Congenitally deaf individuals exhibit enhanced visuospatial abilities relative to normally hearing individuals. An early example is the increased sensitivity of deaf signers to stimuli in the visual periphery (Neville and Lawson, 1987a). While these enhancements are robust and extend across a number of visual and spatial skills, they seem not to extend to other domains which could potentially build on these enhancements. For example, congenitally deaf children, in the absence of adequate language exposure and acquisition, do not develop typical social cognition skills as measured by traditional Theory of Mind tasks...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625012/the-effects-of-school-based-condom-availability-programs-caps-on-condom-acquisition-use-and-sexual-behavior-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Timothy Wang, Mark Lurie, Darshini Govindasamy, Catherine Mathews
We conducted a systematic review to assess the impact of school-based condom availability programs (CAPs) on condom acquisition, use and sexual behavior. We searched PubMed to identify English-language studies evaluating school-based CAPs that reported process (i.e. number of condoms distributed or used) and sexual behavior measures. We identified nine studies that met our inclusion criteria, with the majority conducted in the United States of America. We judged most studies to have medium risk of bias. Most studies showed that school-based CAPs increased the odds of students obtaining condoms (odds ratios (ORs) for individual studies ranged between 1...
June 17, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621001/early-vocabulary-development-in-children-with-bilateral-cochlear-implants
#6
Taina Välimaa, Sari Kunnari, Päivi Laukkanen-Nevala, Eila Lonka
BACKGROUND: Children with unilateral cochlear implants (CIs) may have delayed vocabulary development for an extended period after implantation. Bilateral cochlear implantation is reported to be associated with improved sound localization and enhanced speech perception in noise. This study proposed that bilateral implantation might also promote early vocabulary development. Knowledge regarding vocabulary growth and composition in children with bilateral CIs and factors associated with it may lead to improvements in the content of early speech and language intervention and family counselling...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619652/frontal-temporal-and-parietal-systems-synchronize-within-and-across-brains-during-live-eye-to-eye-contact
#7
Joy Hirsch, Xian Zhang, J Adam Noah, Yumie Ono
Human eye-to-eye contact is a primary source of social cues and communication. In spite of the biological significance of this interpersonal interaction, the underlying neural processes are not well-understood. This knowledge gap, in part, reflects limitations of conventional neuroimaging methods, including solitary confinement in the bore of a scanner and minimal tolerance of head movement that constrain investigations of natural, two-person interactions. However, these limitations are substantially resolved by recent technical developments in functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), a non-invasive spectral absorbance technique that detects changes in blood oxygen levels in the brain by using surface-mounted optical sensors...
June 12, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615089/no-perceptual-reorganization-for-limburgian-tones-a-cross-linguistic-investigation-with-6-to-12-month-old-infants
#8
Stefanie Ramachers, Susanne Brouwer, Paula Fikkert
Despite the fact that many of the world's languages use lexical tone, the majority of language acquisition studies has focused on non-tone languages. Research on tone languages has typically investigated well-known tone languages such as Mandarin and Cantonese Chinese. The current study looked at a Limburgian dialect of Dutch that uses lexical pitch differences, albeit in a rather restricted way. Using a visual habituation paradigm, 6- to 12-month-old Limburgian and Dutch infants were tested for their ability to discriminate Limburgian tones...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613182/driving-under-the-influence-of-language
#9
Daniel Paul Barrett, Scott Alan Bronikowski, Haonan Yu, Jeffrey Mark Siskind
We present a unified framework which supports grounding natural-language semantics in robotic driving. This framework supports acquisition (learning grounded meanings of nouns and prepositions from human sentential annotation of robotic driving paths), generation (using such acquired meanings to generate sentential description of new robotic driving paths), and comprehension (using such acquired meanings to support automated driving to accomplish navigational goals specified in natural language). We evaluate the performance of these three tasks by having independent human judges rate the semantic fidelity of the sentences associated with paths...
June 9, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611610/music-games-potential-application-and-considerations-for-rhythmic-training
#10
REVIEW
Valentin Bégel, Ines Di Loreto, Antoine Seilles, Simone Dalla Bella
Rhythmic skills are natural and widespread in the general population. The majority can track the beat of music and move along with it. These abilities are meaningful from a cognitive standpoint given their tight links with prominent motor and cognitive functions such as language and memory. When rhythmic skills are challenged by brain damage or neurodevelopmental disorders, remediation strategies based on rhythm can be considered. For example, rhythmic training can be used to improve motor performance (e.g...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606194/four-year-old-cantonese-speaking-children-s-online-processing-of-relative-clauses-a-permutation-analysis
#11
Angel Chan, Wenchun Yang, Franklin Chang, Evan Kidd
We report on an eye-tracking study that investigated four-year-old Cantonese-speaking children's online processing of subject and object relative clauses (RCs). Children's eye-movements were recorded as they listened to RC structures identifying a unique referent (e.g. "Can you pick up the horse that pushed the pig?"). Two RC types, classifier (CL) and ge3 RCs, were tested in a between-participants design. The two RC types differ in their syntactic analyses and frequency of occurrence, providing an important point of comparison for theories of RC acquisition and processing...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606010/orthographic-input-and-the-acquisition-of-german-final-devoicing-by-native-speakers-of-english
#12
Rachel Hayes-Harb, Kelsey Brown, Bruce L Smith
We present an artificial lexicon study designed to test the hypothesis that native English speakers experience interference from written input when acquiring surface voicing in German words. Native English speakers were exposed to German-like words (e.g., /ʃtɑit/ and /ʃtɑid/, both pronounced [ʃtɑit]) along with pictured meanings, and in some cases, their written forms (e.g., <Steit> and <Steid>). At test, participants whose input included the written forms were more likely to produce final voiced obstruents when naming the pictures, indicating that access to the written forms in the input interfered with their acquisition of target-like surface forms...
June 1, 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600923/multicomponent-view-of-vocabulary-acquisition-an-investigation-with-primary-grade-children
#13
Young-Suk Grace Kim
The role of working memory in vocabulary acquisition has been well established in the literature. In this study, we proposed and empirically tested the multicomponent view of vocabulary acquisition, which states that multiple language and cognitive skills are involved to facilitate phonological and semantic representations needed for vocabulary acquisition. Working memory and attention were hypothesized to be directly and indirectly related to vocabulary, whereas inference and morphosyntactic knowledge were hypothesized to be directly related to vocabulary (measured by the Picture Vocabulary Test of the Woodcock-Johnson III battery)...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593574/challenges-of-realising-patient-centred-outcomes-for-deaf-patients
#14
Katherine D Rogers, Emma Ferguson-Coleman, Alys Young
In general populations, it has been recognised that patients play a key role in the quality of their own healthcare. However, the idea of realising patient-centred outcomes for the signing Deaf community, who experience the world in a visual way, raises some challenging issues that are rarely acknowledged. Using published research and translational health projects involving Deaf people both in the UK and internationally, this article discusses the challenges of realising patient-centred outcomes for Deaf people who are sign language users...
June 7, 2017: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588536/differential-signatures-of-second-language-syntactic-performance-and-age-on-the-structural-properties-of-the-left-dorsal-pathway
#15
Kayako Yamamoto, Kuniyoshi L Sakai
In adult second language (L2) acquisition, individual differences are considerably large even among people with similar experiences. The neural mechanisms underlying this variability would include structural plasticity of language-related pathways. To elucidate such neuroplasticity, we focused on the transitional period of adolescence, which is associated with certain plasticity toward maturation following the sensitive period of language acquisition (≤12 years old). The adolescent brain would thus be influenced by age-dependent factors, as well as performances in L2...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588433/intragenic-cntnap2-deletions-a-bridge-too-far
#16
REVIEW
Martin Poot
Intragenic deletions of the contactin-associated protein-like 2 gene (CNTNAP2) have been found in patients with Gilles de la Tourette syndrome, intellectual disability (ID), obsessive compulsive disorder, cortical dysplasia-focal epilepsy syndrome, autism, schizophrenia, Pitt-Hopkins syndrome, stuttering, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. A variety of molecular mechanisms, such as loss of transcription factor binding sites and perturbation of penetrance and expressivity, have been proposed to account for the phenotypic variability resulting from CNTNAP2 mutations...
May 2017: Molecular Syndromology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582685/meaningful-questions-the-acquisition-of-auxiliary-inversion-in-a-connectionist-model-of-sentence-production
#17
Hartmut Fitz, Franklin Chang
Nativist theories have argued that language involves syntactic principles which are unlearnable from the input children receive. A paradigm case of these innate principles is the structure dependence of auxiliary inversion in complex polar questions (Chomsky, 1968, 1975, 1980). Computational approaches have focused on the properties of the input in explaining how children acquire these questions. In contrast, we argue that messages are structured in a way that supports structure dependence in syntax. We demonstrate this approach within a connectionist model of sentence production (Chang, 2009) which learned to generate a range of complex polar questions from a structured message without positive exemplars in the input...
June 3, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577560/research-dissemination-workshops-observations-and-implications-based-on-an-experience-in-burkina-faso
#18
Esther Mc Sween-Cadieux, Christian Dagenais, Paul-André Somé, Valéry Ridde
BACKGROUND: In Burkina Faso, malaria remains the primary cause of healthcare use, morbidity and child mortality. Therefore, efforts are needed to support the knowledge transfer and application of the results of numerous studies to better formulate and implement programs in the fight against the malaria pandemic. To this end, a 2-day dissemination workshop was held to share the most recent results produced by a multidisciplinary research team. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the workshop and the policy briefs distributed there, the effects these produced on research results use and the processes that facilitated, or not, the application of the knowledge transmitted...
June 2, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575479/the-effect-of-word-frequency-on-phonemic-accuracy-in-children-with-cochlear-implants-and-peers-with-typical-levels-of-hearing
#19
Jolien Faes, Joris Gillis, Steven Gillis
The frequency of occurrence of words and sounds has a pervasive influence on typically developing children's language acquisition. For instance, highly frequent words appear earliest in a child's lexicon, and highly frequent phonemes are produced more accurately. This study evaluates (a) whether word frequency influences word accuracy and (b) whether this is also the case for children with a history of auditory deprivation. More specifically, the influence of word frequency on phonemic accuracy is examined in deaf children with a cochlear implant (CI), and compared to age-matched children with typical hearing, between word onset and age 7...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572785/age-of-acquisition-effects-on-word-processing-for-chinese-native-learners-english-erp-evidence-for-the-arbitrary-mapping-hypothesis
#20
Jin Xue, Tongtong Liu, Fernando Marmolejo-Ramos, Xuna Pei
The present study aimed at distinguishing processing of early learned L2 words from late ones for Chinese natives who learn English as a foreign language. Specifically, we examined whether the age of acquisition (AoA) effect arose during the arbitrary mapping from conceptual knowledge onto linguistic units. The behavior and ERP data were collected when 28 Chinese-English bilinguals were asked to perform semantic relatedness judgment on word pairs, which represented three stages of word learning (i.e., primary school, junior and senior high schools)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
keyword
keyword
12945
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"