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Diverticulosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920659/obscure-gastrointestinal-bleeding-due-to-a-small-intestinal-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-in-a-young-adult
#1
Mami Yamamoto, Kentaroh Yamamoto, Hirotaka Taketomi, Fumio Yamamoto, Hiroshi Yamamoto
The source of most cases of gastrointestinal bleeding is the upper gastrointestinal tract. Since bleeding from the small intestine is very rare and difficult to diagnose, time is required to identify the source. Among small intestine bleeds, vascular abnormalities account for 70-80%, followed by small intestine tumors that account for 5-10%. The reported peak age of the onset of small intestinal tumors is about 50 years. Furthermore, rare small bowel tumors account for only 1-2% of all gastrointestinal tumors...
September 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920469/role-of-ultrasound-in-colorectal-diseases
#2
REVIEW
Renáta Bor, Anna Fábián, Zoltán Szepes
Ultrasound is an undervalued non-invasive examination in the diagnosis of colonic diseases. It has been replaced by the considerably more expensive magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography, despite the fact that, as first examination, it can usefully supplement the diagnostic process. Transabdominal ultrasound can provide quick information about bowel status and help in the choice of adequate further examinations and treatment. Ultrasonography, as a screening imaging modality in asymptomatic patients can identify several colonic diseases such as diverticulosis, inflammatory bowel disease or cancer...
November 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906086/massive-adrenal-vein-aneurysm-mimicking-an-adrenal-tumor-in-a-patient-with-hemophilia-a-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Richard Sleightholm, Steven Wahlmeier, Jeffrey S Carson, Andjela Drincic, Audrey Lazenby, Jason M Foster
BACKGROUND: Visceral venous aneurysms are exceedingly rare, and until now, there have been no reports of this phenomenon in the adrenal vasculature. This report details the first adrenal venous aneurysm reported in the literature. The aneurysm presented as an 18-cm mass that was initially suspected to be a hematoma or tumor on the basis of the complex medical history of the patient, which included hemophilia A and testicular cancer. After surgical excision, pathologic examination confirmed this mass to be a 15...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879143/-perforated-jejunal-diverticulitis
#4
Z Básti, P Brunčák
Jejunal diverticulosis is a rare disorder and the course of the disease is mostly asymptomatic. Surgical treatment is generally needed in case of complications in the acute phase of the disease, when the disease symptoms most commonly include bleeding and perforation. Jejunum is difficult to examine using the common visualization methods and endoscopic methods. The authors present case reports of a 92 years old female patient and a 66 years old male patient operated for perforated jejunal diverticles.Key words: acute abdomen jejunal diverticulitis perforation...
2016: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863342/a-case-report-describing-diverticulosis-of-the-appendix-presenting-as-acute-appendicitis
#5
Sarah L Khan, Madhu Siddeswarappa, Mohammad Farrukh Khan
INTRODUCTION: Diverticulosis of the appendix (DA) is a rare clinical finding which is often confused with acute or chronic appendicitis and is usually only identified during or after appendectomy. The symptoms of DA can last for up to two weeks and laboratory studies tend to reflect a more chronic inflammation. Distinguishing the two entities is important as DA has a higher risk for perforation and may be associated with an underlying malignancy. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 54--year old African--American male presented with three--days of right sided abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853337/complicated-jejunal-diverticulosis-small-bowel-volvulus-with-obstruction
#6
Rommel Singh Mohi, Ashish Moudgil, Suresh Kumar Bhatia, Kaushal Seth, Tajinder Kaur
The incidence of the diverticulum of the small bowel varies from 0.2-1.3% in autopsy studies to 2.3% when assessed on enteroclysis. It occurs mostly in patients in the 6(th) decade of their life. Of all the small bowel diverticuli, jejunal diverticulum is the most common type. This rare entity is usually asymptomatic. However, they may cause chronic non-specific symptoms for a long period of time like dyspepsia, chronic postprandial pain, nausea, vomiting, borborgymi, alternating diarrhoea and constipation, weight loss, anaemia, steatorrhea or rarely lead to complications like haemorrhage, obstruction, perforation...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815648/small-bowel-diverticulitis-an-imaging-review-of-an-uncommon-entity
#7
Darren L Transue, Tarek N Hanna, Haris Shekhani, Saurabh Rohatgi, Faisal Khosa, Jamlik-Omari Johnson
In this review, we discuss the clinical and radiologic findings of small bowel diverticulosis, which is infrequently encountered during practice and far less common than colonic diverticulosis. Small bowel diverticulosis can present with a range of emergent symptomatic complications including diverticulitis, perforation, or hemorrhage. Here, we focus on the clinical features, pathogenesis, radiologic findings, and treatment of small bowel diverticulitis. Although not routinely considered in the differential diagnosis of an acute abdomen, prospective radiologic diagnosis of small bowel diverticulitis is important and can lead to conservative treatment thus preventing unnecessary exploratory laparotomy...
November 4, 2016: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806823/a-rare-cause-of-gastrointestinal-bleeding-jejunal-diverticulosis
#8
Alper Parlakgumus, Ali Ezer, Akin Tarim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803836/primarily-proximal-jejunal-stone-causing-enterolith-ileus-in-a-patient-without-evidence-of-cholecystoenteric-fistula-or-jejunal-diverticulosis
#9
Houssam Khodor Abtar, Mostapha Mneimneh, Mazen M Hammoud, Ahmed Zaaroura, Yasmina S Papas
Stone formation within the intestinal lumen is called enterolith. This stone can encroach into the lumen causing obstruction and surgical emergency. Jejunal obstruction by an enterolith is a very rare entity and often missed preoperatively. To our knowledge, most cases of jejunal obstruction, secondary to stone, were associated with biliary disease (cholecystoenteric fistula), bezoar, jejunal diverticulosis, or foreign body. Hereby we present a rare case report of small bowel obstruction in an elderly man who was diagnosed lately to have primary proximal jejunal obstruction by an enterolith without evidence of a cholecystoenteric fistula or jejunal diverticulosis...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800518/rare-jejunal-diverticular-bleeding
#10
Ayokunle T Abegunde, Emily Christman, Lewis A Hassell, Donald Kastens
Severe gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) secondary to jejunal diverticulosis (JD) is very rare. Delay in establishing a diagnosis is common and GIB from JD is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We report an illustrative case diagnosed by push enteroscopy and managed with surgery.
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765806/perforated-jejunal-diverticulum-a-rare-case-of-acute-abdomen
#11
Rishabh Sehgal, Cherry X Cheung, Tristram Hills, Aqueel Waris, Donagh Healy, Tahir Khan
Jejunal pseudo-diverticulosis is a rare acquired herniation of the mucosa and submucosa through weakened areas of the muscularis mucosa of the mesenteric aspect of the bowel. They are asymptomatic in the majority of cases; however, they can present with a wide spectrum of non-specific symptoms such as chronic abdominal discomfort, postprandial flatulence, diarrhoea, malabsorption and steattorhoea. In up to 15% of cases, more serious acute complications may arise such as the development of intestinal obstruction, haemorrhage or as in our case, localized peritonitis secondary to perforation...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763879/a-prospective-descriptive-study-to-assess-the-effect-of-dietary-and-pharmacological-strategies-to-manage-constipation-in-patients-with-a-stoma
#12
Lukasz Krokowicz, Adam Bobkiewicz, Maciej Borejsza-Wysocki, Barbara Kuczynska, Aleksandra Lisowska, Urszula Skowronska-Piekarska, Jacek Paszkowski, Jaroslaw Walkowiak, Michal Drews, Tomasz Banasiewicz
The term constipation with regard to patients with a stoma is defined as impaired bowel movements associated with increased stool consistency or long periods without bowel movements that lead to discomfort, flatulence, and abdominal pain. Information about constipation in patients with a stoma is limited. A prospective, descriptive study was conducted among patients attending ostomy and proctology outpatient clinics in Poznan, Poland between January 2011 and December 2014 to assess the role of dietary and pharmacological strategies in the management of constipation in patients with a stoma...
December 2015: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762218/coloenteric-fistula-in-a-young-patient-with-recurrent-diverticulitis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
D S Ahmad, E E Quist, G F Hutchins, I Bhat
The development of colonic diverticula is common in developed countries and complications of colonic diverticulosis are responsible for a remarkable burden of the disease. The natural history and management of complicated and recurrent diverticulitis in young patients are still a matter of debate. Coloenteric fistula is a rare complication of diverticulitis in young adults. In this report, and utilising a case study, we will review the natural history, outcome and management of acute diverticulitis in the young...
October 2016: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741164/probiotics-and-diverticular-disease-evidence-based
#14
Edith Lahner, Bruno Annibale
Diverticular disease (DD) is a common gastrointestinal condition. Clinical spectrum ranges from asymptomatic diverticulosis to symptomatic uncomplicated or complicated DD. Symptoms related to uncomplicated DD are not specific and may be indistinguishable from those of irritable bowel syndrome. Low-grade inflammation, altered intestinal microbiota, visceral hypersensitivity, and abnormal colonic motility have been identified as factors potentially contributing to symptoms. Probiotics may modify the gut microbial balance leading to health benefits...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717235/exogenous-lipoid-pneumonia-induced-by-nasal-decongestant
#15
Giorgia A Osman, Alberto Ricci, Fabrizio Terzo, Carlo Falasca, Maria R Giovagnoli, Pierdonato Bruno, Andrea Vecchione, Salvatore Raffa, Sabatino Valente, Maria R Torrisi, Chiara De Dominicis, Simonetta Giovagnoli, Salvatore Mariotta
INTRODUCTION: Lipoid pneumonia is a clinical condition that may be initially asymptomatic or confused with an infectious or malignant lung disease. OBJECTIVES: We report four cases of this pathological condition. METHODS: The first case concerned an 85-year old woman with bilateral confluent pulmonary opacities, ground-glass type. Diagnosis was based on the cytology of the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid followed by its ultrastructural examination...
September 22, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688648/segmental-colitis-associated-diverticulosis-syndrome
#16
EDITORIAL
Hugh J Freeman
Segmental colitis associated diverticulosis (SCAD) has become increasingly appreciated as a form of inflammatory disease of the colon. Several features suggest that SCAD is a distinct disorder. SCAD tends to develop almost exclusively in older adults, predominately, but not exclusively, males. The inflammatory process occurs mainly in the sigmoid colon, and usually remains localized to this region of the colon alone. SCAD most often presents with rectal bleeding and subsequent endoscopic visualization reveals a well localized process with non-specific histopathologic inflammatory changes...
September 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644735/board-review-vignette-segmental-colitis-associated-with-diverticulosis
#17
Brooks D Cash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642112/temporal-trends-predictors-and-outcomes-of-in-hospital-gastrointestinal-bleeding-associated-with-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#18
Nileshkumar J Patel, Dhaval Pau, Nikhil Nalluri, Parth Bhatt, Badal Thakkar, Ritesh Kanotra, Kanishk Agnihotri, Nitesh Ainani, Nilay Patel, Nish Patel, Sapna Shah, Sabeeda Kadavath, Shilpkumar Arora, Azfar Sheikh, Apurva O Badheka, James Lafferty, Carlos Alfonso, Mauricio Cohen
Since the introduction of new antiplatelet and anticoagulant agents in the last decade, large-scale data studying gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are lacking. Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, we identified all hospitalizations from 2006 to 2012 that required PCI. Temporal trends in the incidence and multivariate predictors of GIB associated with PCI were analyzed. A total of 4,376,950 patients underwent PCI in the United States during the study period...
October 15, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623476/diverticulosis-and-diverticulitis
#19
Amy E Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622380/current-management-of-patients-with-diverticulosis-and-diverticular-disease-a-survey-from-the-2nd-international-symposium-on-diverticular-disease
#20
Antonio Tursi, Marcello Picchio, Walter Elisei, Francesco Di Mario, Carmelo Scarpignato, Giovanni Brandimarte
BACKGROUND: Management of diverticular disease (DD) remains a point of debate. GOALS: To investigate the current opinion of participants of the 2nd International Symposium on Diverticular Disease, on real-life management of patients with DD of the colon. STUDY: Twelve questions were aimed at the diagnosis, treatment, and management options for diverticulosis and symptomatic DD. RESULTS: In total, 115 surveys from 8 European Countries were filled out...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
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