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Diverticulosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217892/bowel-migration-of-dormant-chronic-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-catheter-a-vexed-problem-not-avoided-by-flushing
#1
P Vincent, J Gopinathan, R Narayanan
Delayed bowel erosion by peritoneal dialysis catheter is rare with fewer than thirty cases having been reported in the literature. This complication is usually encountered when the catheter is kept dormant. Two cases have also been reported with catheters in active use. The risk factors for bowel erosion include immunosuppression, diverticulosis, and amyloidosis. An 80-year-old male with chronic kidney disease Stage 5 due to hypertensive nephrosclerosis underwent chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis catheter insertion...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183514/complicated-jejunal-diverticulosis-a-retrospective-single-center-evaluation-and-a-possible-explanation-of-pathogenesis
#2
Michael Ardelt, Falk Rauchfuss, Rene Fahrner, Felix Dondorf, Gregor Hallof, Stefan Ludewig, Eric Lopatta, Utz Settmacher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169780/-massive-jejunal-diverticulosis-rare-cause-of-intestinal-malabsorption
#3
A Martín-Lagos Maldonado, J Guilarte López-Mañas, E Borrego García, M D Vinuesa Guerrero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 20, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169385/standardised-outcomes-in-nephrology-polycystic-kidney-disease-song-pkd-study-protocol-for-establishing-a-core-outcome-set-in-polycystic-kidney-disease
#4
Yeoungjee Cho, Benedicte Sautenet, Gopala Rangan, Jonathan C Craig, Albert C M Ong, Arlene Chapman, Curie Ahn, Dongping Chen, Helen Coolican, Juliana Tze-Wah Kao, Ron Gansevoort, Ronald Perrone, Tess Harris, Vicente Torres, York Pei, Peter G Kerr, Jessica Ryan, Talia Gutman, Martin Howell, Angela Ju, Karine E Manera, Armando Teixeira-Pinto, Lorraine A Hamiwka, Allison Tong
BACKGROUND: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common potentially life threatening inherited kidney disease and is responsible for 5-10% of cases of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Cystic kidneys may enlarge up to 20 times the weight of a normal kidney due to the growth of renal cysts, and patients with ADPKD have an increased risk of morbidity, premature mortality, and other life-time complications including renal and hepatic cyst and urinary tract infection, intracranial aneurysm, diverticulosis, and kidney pain which impair quality of life...
November 23, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165522/-lactococcus-garvieae-endocarditis-in-a-patient-undergoing-chronic-hemodialysis-first-case-report-in-chile-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Rene Clavero, Juanita Escobar, Sergio Ramos-Avasola, Lorenzo Merello, Francisco Álvarez
Reports of Lactococcus garvieae infections in humans are scarce, and only one of them in a patient under-going hemodialysis. We report the first case of Lactococcus garvieae infection in Chile, presenting as an infective endocarditis, ultimately fatal, in a patient with uncomplicated colonic diverticulosis and end stage renal failure undergoing chronic hemodialysis. We review the published cases and discuss the diagnostic and therapeutic challenges associated with this new, increasingly diagnosed pathogen, capable of producing serious infections in susceptible patients...
August 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155169/does-subclinical-inflammation-play-role-in-the-pathogenesis-of-diverticulosis
#6
EDITORIAL
Wenjie Ma, Andrew T Chan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133083/jejunal-diverticulitis-review-and-treatment-algorithm
#7
Houssem Harbi, Nizar Kardoun, Sami Fendri, Nouha Dammak, Nozha Toumi, Ahmed Guirat, Rafik Mzali
Diverticulitis is much less common in the jejunum than in colonic diverticula probably because of diverticulum larger size, better intra-luminal flow and relatively sterile jejunal content. Complications of jejunal diverticulitis are acute intestinal obstruction, diverticular bleeding and mainly perforation with mesenteric abscess, localized or generalized peritonitis. The Multi-detector row computed tomography is now the best diagnostic imaging for small bowel diverticulitis as well as its complications. Magnetic resonance enterography is also quite useful but it is still impractical to resort to such an imaging in an abdominal emergency...
November 10, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126072/an-unusual-case-of-giant-ileal-diverticulum-a-case-report
#8
Fang Ju Koh, Jen Lock Khor, Min Hoe Chew
Small bowel diverticulosis is rare with an incidence of 1-2% in the general population. It is an uncommon cause of gastrointestinal bleeding that ranges from obscure to overt bleeding. Large ileal diverticula are extremely rare and bleeding complications can result in high overall mortality. A young gentleman presented with persistent per-rectal bleeding and drop in hemoglobin level. He was recently diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia and was undergoing chemotherapy. A computed tomography scan of the abdomen and pelvis revealed a giant ileal diverticulum...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093588/-complicated-jejunoileal-diverticular-disease-a-12-cases-serie-and-literature-review
#9
Aylhin Joana López Marcano, José Manuel Ramia, Roberto De la Plaza Llamas, Soledad Alonso, Johnny David Gonzales Aguilar, Andree Wolfgang Kühnhardt Barrantes
OBJECTIVE: To perform a retrospective analysis of a series of complicated JID (jejunoileal diverticulitis) cases surgically treated in our service during the period from 2002 to 2015. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We treated 12 cases of jejunoileal complicated diverticulosis. 7 women and 5 men. The mean age was 76 years. The clinical presentation in all cases was acute abdominal pain, one with gastrointestinal bleeding. All cases had leukocytosis, neutrophilia and increased acute phase reactants...
July 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069019/end-colostomy-diverticulitis-with-parastomal-phlegmon-a-case-report
#10
Mirza Muradbegovic, Pénélope St-Amour, David Martin, David Petermann, Samir Benabidallah, Luca Di Mare
RATIONALE: Acute colonic diverticulitis is a well-known surgical emergency, which occurs in about 10 percent of patients known for diverticulosis. PATIENT CONCERNS: The case of a 77-year-old woman is reported, with past history of abdominoperineal resection with end-colostomy for low rectal adenocarcinoma, and who developed an acute colonic diverticulitis in a subcutaneous portion of colostomy with parastomal phlegmon. DIAGNOSES: Initial computed tomography imaging demonstrated a significant submucosal parietal edema with local fat tissues infiltration in regard of 3 diverticula...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067919/smoking-and-risk-of-colonic-diverticulosis-a-meta-analysis
#11
K Wijarnpreecha, B Boonpheng, C Thongprayoon, V Jaruvongvanich, P Ungprasert
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The possible relationship between smoking and risk of colonic diverticulosis has been suggested by recent epidemiological studies, although the results were inconsistent. This meta-analysis was conducted to summarize all available data. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review was conducted using the MEDLINE and EMBASE databases through May 2017 to identify all studies that compared the risk of colonic diverticulosis among current and former smokers versus nonsmokers...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043404/epiploic-appendagitis-7-year-experience-and-relationship-with-visceral-obesity
#12
James P Nugent, Hugue A Ouellette, D Peter O'Leary, Faisal Khosa, Savvas Nicolaou, Patrick D McLaughlin
PURPOSE: Location, size, and local inflammatory findings in primary epiploic appendagitis (EA) have not been reported outside of small studies. The association between EA and increased adiposity is controversial. The goals of this project are to compare demographics and imaging-based measurements of adiposity between patients with EA and patients with acute abdomen without EA, and to identify CT features of EA. METHODS: A consecutive sample of acute, primary EA (n = 100), and control (acute abdomen; n = 100) was selected retrospectively...
October 17, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033764/non-meckel-small-intestine-diverticulitis
#13
Shamim Ejaz, Raghu Vikram, John R Stroehlein
Non-Meckel small intestine diverticulitis can have many manifestations and its management is not well-defined. We report 4 unselect cases of small intestine diverticulitis; all patients were seen by the same physician at the Emergency Center at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center between 1999 and 2014. The median age at diagnosis of these patients was 82 years (range, 76-87 years). All 4 patients presented with acute onset of abdominal pain, and computed tomography scans showed characteristics of small intestine diverticulitis unrelated to cancer...
May 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030789/foreign-bodies-in-sigmoid-colon-diverticulosis
#14
REVIEW
Ellen Ross, Patricia McKenna, John H Anderson
This review addresses the management of sigmoid colon diverticular disease associated with foreign bodies. In addition, two novel cases are presented. One case describes the management of diverticular bleeding secondary to a chicken bone and the other case reports retrieval of a retained EndoRings™ Device. The review identified 40 relevant publications including 50 subjects. Foreign bodies within sigmoid diverticular disease may be associated with inflammation, perforation, abscess and fistula. In current practice, diagnosis is often achieved with CT scan...
December 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978602/small-bowel-obstruction-due-to-a-jejunal-enterolith-an-unusual-complication-of-jejunal-diverticulitis
#15
Lalita Malghan, Ashley Uttley, David Scullion
A 91-year-old woman presented with symptoms of acute bowel obstruction supported by clinical findings. A CT of the abdomen was performed which demonstrated jejunal diverticulosis with a single inflamed, wide necked diverticulum. A large enterolith was found to be impacted in the jejunum just distal to the area of inflammation resulting in small bowel obstruction. The patient underwent emergency laparotomy, which confirmed the CT findings. Small bowel resection was performed. The patient had an uneventful postoperative recovery...
October 4, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932890/the-correlation-between-diverticulosis-and-redundant-colon
#16
Tahleesa Cuda, Ronny Gunnarsson, Alan de Costa
BACKGROUND: Diverticulosis and redundant colon are colonic conditions for which underlying pathophysiology, management and prevention are poorly understood. Historical papers suggest an inverse relationship between these two conditions. However, no further attempt has been made to validate this relationship. This study set out to assess the correlation between diverticulosis and colonic redundancy. METHODS: Redundant colon, diverticulosis and patient demographics were recorded during colonoscopy...
November 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930849/analysis-of-risk-factors-for-colonic-diverticular-bleeding-and-recurrence
#17
Masato Taki, Tadayuki Oshima, Katsuyuki Tozawa, Yukako Taniguchi, Toshihiko Tomita, Yoshio Ohda, Hirokazu Fukui, Jiro Watari, Hiroto Miwa
The increase in incidence of colonic diverticular bleeding is relative to an age-related rise in the incidence of colonic diverticulosis and use of antithrombotic medication. However, risk factors related to the onset, recurrence, and prophylaxis have not been established. Therefore, we aimed to determine risk factors for the onset and recurrence of colonic diverticular bleeding.An age- and sex-matched case-control study was performed to assess the risk factors for the onset of colonic diverticular bleeding...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924595/development-and-validation-of-an-algorithm-to-complete-colonoscopy-using-standard-endoscopes-in-patients-with-prior-incomplete-colonoscopy
#18
Melinda C Rogers, Andrew Gawron, David Grande, Rajesh N Keswani
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS:  Incomplete colonoscopy may occur as a result of colon angulation (adhesions or diverticulosis), endoscope looping, or both. Specialty endoscopes/devices have been shown to successfully complete prior incomplete colonoscopies, but may not be widely available. Radiographic or other image-based evaluations have been shown to be effective but may miss small or flat lesions, and colonoscopy is often still indicated if a large lesion is identified. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate an algorithm to determine the optimum endoscope to ensure completion of the examination in patients with prior incomplete colonoscopy...
September 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899671/obesity-but-not-physical-activity-is-associated-with-higher-prevalence-of-asymptomatic-diverticulosis
#19
Rouzbeh Mashayekhi, Danielle R Bellavance, Samantha M Chin, Benjamin Maxner, Kyle Staller, Ramnik J Xavier, Daniel C Chung, Hamed Khalili
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 9, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884385/low-frequency-of-polyps-in-colonic-regions-with-diverticulosis
#20
Irving Levine, Amol S Rangnekar, Aaron Z Tokayer
PURPOSE: Conflicting evidence exists regarding any association between diverticulosis and adenomatous polyps. We evaluated the prevalence of polyps and cancer in colonic regions containing diverticula. METHODS: Six hundred consecutive colonoscopy reports from a single endoscopist were reviewed to determine prevalence and location of diverticulosis and polyps. Additionally, pathology reports of 88 colon cancer resection specimens were reviewed for the presence of diverticulosis, and compared with expected prevalence of diverticulosis in that colonic region based on the collected colonoscopy data...
November 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
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