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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656303/spondylodiscitis-following-endovascular-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair-imaging-perspectives-from-a-single-centre-s-experience
#1
Ramin Mandegaran, Christopher S W Tang, Erlick A C Pereira, Ali Zavareh
OBJECTIVE: Very few reports have previously described spondylodiscitis as a potential complication of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). We present to our knowledge the first case series of spondylodiscitis following EVAR based on our institution's experience over an 11-year period. Particular attention is paid to the key imaging features and challenges encountered when performing spinal imaging in this complex patient group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 1,847 patients who underwent EVAR at our institution between January 2006 and January 2017, a total of 9 patients were identified with imaging features of spondylodiscitis (0...
April 14, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656048/trunk-muscle-quality-assessed-by-computed-tomography-association-with-adiposity-indices-and-glucose-tolerance-in-men
#2
Alexandre Maltais, Natalie Alméras, Isabelle Lemieux, Angelo Tremblay, Jean Bergeron, Paul Poirier, Jean-Pierre Després
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Thigh muscle attenuation measured by computed tomography (CT) has been shown to be a reliable and useful index of skeletal muscle fat infiltration. Thigh muscle fat content assessed by CT has been linked to obesity and type 2 diabetes and is a correlate of insulin resistance in sedentary individuals. However, as measurement of mid-thigh fat content requires the assessment of another region of interest beyond the usual abdominal scan required to measure levels of visceral and subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue, this study aimed at testing the hypothesis that skeletal muscle fat measured from a single abdominal scan (L4 -L5 ) would also provide information relevant to the estimation of muscle fat infiltration as it relates to cardiometabolic risk...
April 12, 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655664/a-retrospective-investigation-of-abdominal-visceral-fat-body-mass-index-bmi-and-active-smoking-as-risk-factors-for-donor-site-wound-healing-complications-after-free-diep-flap-breast-reconstructions
#3
Floyd W Timmermans, Pèdrou B Westland, Stefan Hummelink, Joep Schreurs, Marijn Hameeteman, Dietmar J O Ulrich, Nicholas J Slater
BACKGROUND: The deep inferior epigastric artery perforator (DIEP) flap is one of the most common techniques for breast reconstruction. Body mass index (BMI) is considered as an important predictor of donor site healing complications such as wound dehiscence. The use of computed tomography (CT) proved to be a precise and objective method to assess visceral adipose tissue. It remains unclear whether quantification of visceral fat provides more accurate predictions of abdominal wound healing complications than BMI...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651794/celiac-trunk-and-common-hepatic-artery-variations-in-children-an-analysis-with-ct-angiography
#4
Emine Caliskan, Turker Acar, Mehmet Ozturk, Zuhal Bayramoglu, Ravza Yilmaz, Filiz Elbuken, Ibrahim Adaletli
BACKGROUND: Understanding the celiac trunk and hepatic artery anatomy is important not only in preventing iatrogenic injuries but also in planning surgical procedures in children. Therefore, the aim of this study is to analyze the prevalence of celiac trunk (CeT) and common hepatic artery (CHA) variations in the pediatric population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and seventy-four children (174) who underwent abdominal multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) angiography, either because of trauma or liver transplantation, were analyzed retrospectively...
April 13, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650941/-a-case-of-an-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasm-which-rapidly-worsened-and-penetrated-into-the-stomach-and-the-transverse-colon
#5
Akira Sogawa, Kei Nakamura, Tomoyuki Nagata, Satoshi Mochizuki, Yuen Nakase, Shozo Kitai, Seishirou Inaba, Keiji Shimada
We report a case of a 71-year-old woman.She visited our hospital with a complaint of high fever and abdominal distention. She has been pointed out intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm(IPMN)4 years ago.Abdominal CT showed cystic legion, 80mm in diameter, on the pancreas.The lesion was unclear at the boundary between the main pancreatic duct and in contact with the stomach, transverse colon.Upper endoscopic and colonoscopic examination revealed the exhaustion image from the intestional tract but not pointed out the malignant findings...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650932/-a-case-of-sigmoid-colon-cancer-with-locally-advanced-infiltration-curatively-resected-after-capeox-therapy
#6
Yuki Suematsu, Mao Nakayama, Shunsuke Yamagishi, Hiroyuki Saito, Miyuki Takahashi, Kyohei Kanematsu, Michiko Fukabori, Kazuhiko Wakabayashi, Yutaka Itoh
A 68-year-old man presented with malaise and abdominal swelling.Lower gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a type 2 circumferential sigmoid colon cancer.Computed tomography suggested the cancer infiltrating bladder and abdominal wall with abscess.Because of locally advanced infiltration, the patient was treated with capecitabine plus oxaliplatin(CapeOX) plus bevacizumab therapy after loop-colostomy.After 2 courses of chemotherapy, a CT revealed tumor reduction and increased abscess, which was punctured drainage...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650919/-a-case-of-treated-with-laparoscopic-surgery-for-intussusception-up-to-the-splenic-flexion-region-due-to-cecum-cancer
#7
Go Masuda, Takeshi Hori, Nozomi Iimori, Tomohiro Lee, Masashige Tendo, Bunzo Nakata, Tetsuro Ishikawa
A 93-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital because of respiratorydiscomfort. A chest CT scan indicated aspiration pneumonitis and, simultaneously, intussusception was observed in the splenic flexure region. Abdominal enhance CT scan revealed a tumor in the advanced region of intussusception. Laparoscopy-assisted ileocecal resection was performed. Since the intussusception was difficult to reduce laparoscopically, the ileocecum was mobilized and the intussusception was reduced manually. In the resected specimen, a type 1 tumor was observed in the cecum and histopathologic ally diagnosed as cercal cancer...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650915/-a-case-of-primary-duodenal-cancer-with-duodenocolic-fistula-treated-with-pancreatoduodenectomy-and-right-hemicolectomy
#8
Hideo Ota, Shigekazu Yokoyama, Eri Tanaka, Shigeto Nakai, Nobuo Takiguchi, Shoko Honda, Ryohei Yukimoto, Shinji Tokuyama, Akina Saito, Tomohira Takeoka, Hiroshi Matsuno, Ken Konishi, Kazuyuki Okada, Mutsumi Fukunaga, Kenji Kobayashi
A patient was 59-year-old female. She presented our hospital with weight loss, anorexia and lower abdominal bloating. Abdominal computed tomography(CT), gastrointestinal endoscopy, colonoscopy and duodenal fistulagram showed duodenal cancer or colon cancer with duodenocolic fistula and ovary metastasis. She underwent subtotal stomach preserving pancreatoduodenectomy and right hemicolectomy. In these pathological findings, tumor was diagnosed as a duodenal cancer with duodenocolic fistula. She was surviving 12 months after the last surgery...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650903/-diffuse-malignant-peritoneal-mesothelioma-with-secondary-liver-invasion-diagnosed-using-laparoscopy-a-case-report
#9
Hiroshi Yasuda, Satoshi Okumura, Shou Toyoda, Kansuke Yamamoto, Naoto Mizumura, Aya Itou, Masao Ogawa, Masayasu Kawasaki, Masao Kameyama
A 69-year-old man with right upper quadrant abdominal pain and fever was referred to our hospital. He had a history of asbestosis exposure. Computed tomography(CT)revealed a mass at the right subhepatic space, and an antibiotic was administered after a diagnosis of an abdominal abscess. However, the patient did not respond to the treatment, and finally, exploratory laparoscopy was performed. A sheet of combined white nodules surrounding the right lobe of the liver was found, and the mass was continuous with the covering particles...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650858/-a-case-of-unresectable-advanced-gastric-cancer-treated-by-seven-courses-of-chemotherapy-with-docetaxel-cisplatin-and-s-1followed-by-conversion-surgery-achieved-five-year-relapse-free-survival
#10
Tetsushi Nakajima, Haruhiko Cho, Yoichiro Okubo, Kazuki Kano, Yukio Maezawa, Kousuke Ikeda, Takanobu Yamada, Takashi Ogata, Takaki Yoshikawa
The patient is a 51-year-old man.Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed gigantic type 3 gastric cancer.Enhanced abdominal CT demonstrated a gigantic mass of 15×7 cm in the stomach, and a large number of peritoneal dissemination with moderate amount of ascites.The patient was diagnosed with cT4aN3bM1(peritoneal dissemination), Stage IV gastric cancer(JPN ver8)and was treated by chemotherapy with docetaxel(40mg/m / 2 day 1)plus cisplatin(60mg/m2 day 1)plus S-1(80mg/m2 day 1-14).After 7 courses of chemotherapy, peritoneal dissemination was disappeared...
April 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650847/-a-case-of-adult-undifferentiated-sarcoma-of-the-liver-with-intraatrial-metastasis
#11
Koji Minami, Masahiko Sakoda, Satoshi Iino, Kiyokazu Hiwatashi, Kosei Maemura, Yuko Mataki, Hiroshi Kurahara, Yota Kawasaki, Yusuke Tsuruda, Tetsuro Setoyama, Hiroshi Okumura, Shigeho Maenohara, Shoji Natsugoe
A 24-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital for abdominal pain. Abdominal contrast-enhanced computed tomography( CT)revealed a cystic mass measuring 11×8 cm in the left lobe of the liver with extravasation. Vascular embolization was performed, but extravasation remained on CT images. She was then transferred to our hospital. We performed an emergency extended left hepatectomy. Histopathological examination revealed solid proliferation of spindle-shaped cells. Immunohistochemical staining showed that the tumor cells were positive for vimentin and negative for AE1/AE3...
April 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650846/-two-stage-radical-resection-of-a-case-of-colon-cancer-with-abdominal-wall-invasion-and-cholangiocarcinoma
#12
Takashi Sugimoto, Hidenori Kiyochi, Yohei Hosoda, Izumi Komoto, Yu Sasaki, Kazuhiro Nishiyama, Hokahiro Katayama, Nobuko Ogura, Shoji Tsunekawa, Yoshiro Taki, Mizuho Akahane, Teruyoshi Aoyama, Hiroko Matsumoto, Shoji Takami, Jun Kawai
A woman in her 50s was admitted to our hospital with fever and lower abdominal swelling. Abdominal CT/MRI examinations revealed irregular thickening of the transverse colon wall, which was attached to a subcutaneous abscess. An abdominal wall mass, a patent urachus, and a tumor in the 5th segment of the liver were also noted. Colonoscopy revealed type 2 advanced transverse colon cancer. The solitary, sessile tumor was observed at the apex of the bladder under cystoscopy, suggesting the formation of the urachal carcinoma...
April 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650841/-a-case-of-advanced-esophageal-cancer-successfully-treated-with-multidisciplinary-therapy
#13
Junji Kawada, Masaya Nishino, Tomoki Hata, Takayuki Ogino, Masateru Okawa, Hiromitsu Hoshino, Miho Okano, Kenichi Nagai, Naruyasu Kakita, Yongkook Kim, Masaki Okuyama, Toshimasa Tsujinaka
We report a case of advanced esophageal cancer that was successfully treated using chemotherapy, operation, and chemoradiotherapy. A 66-year-old man with advanced esophageal cancer(Mt, O-Is, T4[N0.7-stomach], N2, M0, Stage III)was administered chemotherapy(docetaxel[DOC], cisplatin[CDDP], and 5-fluorouracil[5-FU]: DCF). As the esophageal tumor achieved complete clinical response after 2 courses of chemotherapy, lymph node dissection and proximal gastrectomy were performed for the residual tumor. Abdominal CT 3 months after surgery revealed lymph node swelling...
April 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650839/-a-case-of-splenic-metastasis-from-serous-surface-papillary-carcinoma-of-the-peritoneum-treated-by-laparoscopic-splenectomy
#14
Yongkook Kim, Tomoki Hata, Takayuki Ogino, Hiromitsu Hoshino, Junji Kawada, Miho Okano, Masaki Okuyama, Takeshi Yokoi, Masaru Yamasaki, Toshimasa Tsujinaka
A 50-year-old woman with abdominal fullness, lower abdominal pain, elevated serum CA125, and ascites, underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy with 6 courses of PTX/CBDCA followed by total hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, omentectomy, and intrapelvic peritoneal stripping based on a diagnosis of serous surface papillary carcinoma(SSPC) of the peritoneum. Complete response(CR)was shown after adjuvant chemotherapy with 3 courses of the same regimen. After 6 months, serum CA125 level re-increased and abdominal CT showed small low density areas in the patient's spleen and the perisplenic fat tissue...
April 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650827/-a-case-report-of-complete-resection-of-the-recurrence-small-intestinal-carcinoma-with-abdominal-wall-repair-using-femoral-fascia
#15
Tadafumi Fukata, Taishi Hata, Tateki Kubo, Naotsugu Haraguchi, Hidekazu Takahashi, Junichi Nishimura, Chu Matsuda, Tsunekazu Mizushima, Kou Hosokawa, Yuichiro Doki, Masaki Mori
The patients had Hartmann's operation for rectal cancer when she was 61 years old. After that, she underwent the operation for small bowel cancer when she was 68 years old. After 5 months, the only metastatic lesion was detected near the Scolon stoma. For the first therapy, She received chemotherapy(mFOLFOX6 plus bevacizumab)and had a reducing effect. She was introduced to our hospital for the purpose of resection of the recurrent lesion. CT scan detected a nodule near the Scolon stoma with FDG uptake for PET-CT scan...
April 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650826/-a-case-in-which-s-1-plus-cddp-and-s-1-therapy-responded-to-liver-metastasis-recurrence-after-gastric-cancer-operation
#16
Takeharu Enomoto, Shinya Mikami, Mina Kitajima, Masaki Hiwatari, Tatsunori Ono, Natsuko Sasaki, Osamu Saji, Tsunehisa Matsushita, Shinjiro Kobayashi, Satoshi Koizumi, Yasushi Ariizumi, Takako Nakajima, Takehito Otsubo
A 55-year-old man underwent distal gastrectomy and D2 lymph node dissection for type 2 gastric cancer of the antrum. One year later, CEA elevation was discovered, and contrast-enhanced abdominal computed tomography(CT)revealed a 40 mm mass in the liver(S8), which was judged to be a metastatic recurrence of the gastric cancer.S -1 plus CDDP was administered in 5 courses, followed by regular treatment with S-1 alone.Two years after the recurrence was diagnosed, the patient's CEA level was found to be normal, and CT revealed almost total scarring...
April 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650397/assessment-of-five-different-probes-for-lung-ultrasound-in-critically-ill-patients-a-pilot-study
#17
Xavier Bobbia, Margaux Chabannon, Thierry Chevallier, Jean Emmanuel de La Coussaye, Jean Yves Lefrant, Sarah Pujol, Pierre-Géraud Claret, Laurent Zieleskiewicz, Claire Roger, Laurent Muller
INTRODUCTION: The present study was aimed at comparing the diagnosis concordance of five echo probes of lung ultrasound (LUS) with CT scans in intensive care and emergency patients with acute respiratory failure. MATERIALS: This prospective, observational, pilot study involved 10 acute patients in whom a thoracic CT scan was performed. An expert performed an LUS reference exam using five different probes: three probes with a high-quality conventional echo machine (cardiac phased-array probe, abdominal convex probe, linear probe) and two probes (cardiac and linear) with a pocket ultrasound device (PUD)...
April 3, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650314/a-topo-graph-model-for-indistinct-target-boundary-definition-from-anatomical-images
#18
Hui Cui, Xiuying Wang, Jianlong Zhou, Guanzhong Gong, Stefan Eberl, Yong Yin, Lisheng Wang, Dagan Feng, Michael Fulham
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: It can be challenging to delineate the target object in anatomical imaging when the object boundaries are difficult to discern due to the low contrast or overlapping intensity distributions from adjacent tissues. METHODS: We propose a topo-graph model to address this issue. The first step is to extract a topographic representation that reflects multiple levels of topographic information in an input image. We then define two types of node connections - nesting branches (NBs) and geodesic edges (GEs)...
June 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649697/intrapancereatic-abscess-due-to-arteriovenous-malformation-involving-the-entire-pancreas-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Ahmad Almalki
INTRODUCTION: The described case is a patient with pancreatic arteriovenous malformation involving the entire pancreas and complicated with intrapancereatic abscess. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 47 years-old was suffering from episodes of abdominal pain and vomiting with multiple hospital visits without reaching a diagnosis for four months. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan (CECT) done which shows a 1.6 × 1.4 cm fluid collection was seen in uncinate process of the pancreas, Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrates abnormal vasculature involving the pancreas...
March 22, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649544/isolated-right-varicocele-and-incidence-of-associated-cancer
#20
Molly Elmer DeWitt, Daniel J Greene, Bradley Gill, Yaw Nyame, Sam Haywood, Edmund Sabanegh
OBJECTIVE: To test the classic teaching that isolated right varicoceles are associated with significantly high rates of occult malignanices. METHODS: Retrospective chart review included all men diagnosed with varicocele at the Cleveland Clinic from 2000 to 2015. Charts were queried for demographics, varicocele laterality, cross-sectional imaging, and subsequent diagnosis of abdominal malignancy or vascular anomaly. Descriptive statistics are presented as means + standard deviation...
April 9, 2018: Urology
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