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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453811/multimodal-treatment-including-tandem-high-dose-chemotherapy-and-autologous-stem-cell-transplantation-in-children-with-anaplastic-ependymomas
#1
Ji Won Lee, Do Hoon Lim, Ki Woong Sung, Hyeong Jin Lee, Eun Sang Yi, Keon Hee Yoo, Hong Hoe Koo, Yeon-Lim Suh, Hyung Jin Shin
In this study, we evaluated the results of multimodal treatment that included tandem HDCT/auto-SCT in children with anaplastic ependymomas. Fourteen patients with anaplastic ependymomas were enrolled from 2006 to 2014. Six cycles of induction chemotherapy were administered to all patients before they underwent tandem HDCT/auto-SCT. Patients who were older than 3 years of age were administered RT after two cycles of induction chemotherapy. In patients under 3 years of age, RT was either omitted or delayed until they reached 3 years of age, if the patients experienced CR after tandem HDCT/auto-SCT...
February 16, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453131/the-incidence-of-associated-abnormalities-in-patients-with-sacrococcygeal-teratoma
#2
Marijke E B Kremer, Jessica F Althof, Joep P M Derikx, Robertine van Baren, Hugo A Heij, Marc H W A Wijnen, René M H Wijnen, David C van der Zee, L W Ernest van Heurn
BACKGROUND: Gross genetic causes for SCT are unknown; however, it might be associated with other abnormalities. We assessed the incidence of associated abnormalities in a large national cohort of neonates with SCT and aimed to identify predictive risk factors. PROCEDURE: The medical records were reviewed of 235 consecutive neonates with SCT treated at the six pediatric surgical centers in the Netherlands from 1970 to 2010. Potential risk factors for associated abnormalities analyzed included sex, gestational age, tumor-volume/histology and Altman-classification...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452000/optimal-items-for-assessing-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-in-children-across-mother-father-and-teacher-ratings
#3
Belén Sáez, Mateu Servera, Stephen P Becker, G Leonard Burns
A recent meta-analysis identified optimal items for assessing sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) as distinct from attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder inattention (ADHD-IN), and a preliminary study with teacher ratings of children in the United States found strong support for the convergent and discriminant validity of 15 SCT items. The current study evaluated whether the same 15 SCT items demonstrated convergent and discriminant validity from ADHD-IN in a large, community-based sample of children in Spain, and whether validity results were replicated across mother, father, and teacher ratings...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449103/salmon-calcitonin-and-omega-3-fatty-acids-exhibit-antagonistic-and-non-additive-effects-in-experimental-diabetes
#4
Wale Johnson Adeyemi, Luqman Aribidesi Olayaki
Because optimising therapy for the management of diabetes mellitus remains challenging, the study investigated the effects of salmon calcitonin (Sct) and/or omega-3 fatty acids (N-3 - eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid-3:2), compared to metformin, on selected biochemical parameters in male Wistar rats, in an experimental model of diabetes. Forty rats were used for this study. They were divided into eight groups of five rats each, which included: Normal control; Diabetic (D) control; D + N-3; D + low dose Sct (Sct...
February 9, 2018: Pathophysiology: the Official Journal of the International Society for Pathophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448058/early-post-transplant-minimal-residual-disease-assessment-improves-risk-stratification-in-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#5
Mithun Vinod Shah, Jeffrey L Jorgensen, Rima M Saliba, Sa A Wang, Amin M Alousi, Borje S Andersson, Qaiser Bashir, Stefan O Ciurea, Partow Kebriaei, David Marin, Keyur P Patel, Uday R Popat, Katy Rezvani, Gabriela Rondon, Elizabeth J Shpall, Richard E Champlin, Betül Oran
We studied if the inclusion of early post stem cell transplant (SCT) minimal residual disease (MRD) assessments improved prognostication in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Two-hundred sixty-nine AML patients in morphological complete remission (CR) who underwent a first SCT were included if they had evaluable pre-SCT MRD assessment by multiparametric flow cytometry. Post-SCT MRD assessments were performed at Days +30, +100, and +180. The primary outcome was 1-year relapse incidence (RI). Of 269 patients in CR, 83 (30...
February 12, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444913/lung-transplantation-after-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation-a-pan-european-experience
#6
Mark Greer, Cristina Berastegui, Peter Jaksch, Christian Benden, John Aubert, Antoine Roux, Elodie Lhuillier, Sandrine Hirschi, Martine Reynaud-Gaubert, François Philit, Johanna Claustre, Pierre LePalud, Marc Stern, Christiane Knoop, Robin Vos, Erik Verschuuren, Andrew Fisher, Gerdt Riise, Lennart Hansson, Martin Iversen, Pekka Hämmäinen, Hans Wedel, Jacqueline Smits, Jens Gottlieb, Are M Holm
Late-onset noninfectious pulmonary complications (LONIPCs) affect 6% of allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) recipients within 5 years, conferring subsequent 5-year survival of 50%. Lung transplantation is rarely performed in this setting due to concomitant extrapulmonary morbidity, excessive immunosuppression and concerns about recurring malignancy being considered contraindications. This study assesses survival in highly selected patients undergoing lung transplantation for LONIPCs after SCT.SCT patients undergoing lung transplantation at 20 European centres between 1996 and 2014 were included...
February 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443078/chemo-enzymatic-synthesis-of-n-glycans-for-array-development-and-hiv-antibody-profiling
#7
Sachin S Shivatare, Vidya S Shivatare, Chung-Yi Wu, Chi-Huey Wong
We present a highly efficient way for the rapid preparation of a wide range of N-linked oligosaccharides (estimated to exceed 20,000 structures) that are commonly found on human glycoproteins. To achieve the desired structural diversity, the strategy began with the chemo-enzymatic synthesis of three kinds of oligosaccharyl fluoride modules, followed by their stepwise α-selective glycosylations at the 3-O and 6-O positions of the mannose residue of the common core trisaccharide having a crucial β-mannoside linkage...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434288/stem-cell-transplantation-for-t-cell-lymphomas-in-taiwan
#8
Ya-Ting Hsu, Hui-Jen Tsai, Jeffrey S Chang, Sin-Syue Li, Jih-Luh Tang, Su-Peng Yeh, Wen-Li Hwang, Jin-Hwang Liu, Tran-Der Tan, Po-Nan Wang, Hui-Hua Hsiao, Tsai-Yun Chen
T-cell lymphomas are generally aggressive malignancies with poor prognosis. There are no standard treatment guidelines for T-cell lymphomas, and the timing of stem cell transplantation (SCT) is not well known. In this study, we investigated the outcomes of Taiwanese patients with T-cell lymphomas after SCT. We retrospectively analyzed 131 patients with T-cell lymphomas receiving SCT (autologous: 90, allogeneic: 41) from 2009 to 2014. More autologous SCT recipients were ALCL or in complete remission, and more allogeneic recipients had advanced disease...
February 12, 2018: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429635/clinical-findings-after-bioresorbable-vascular-scaffold-implantation-in-an-unrestricted-cohort-of-patients-with-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-from-the-rai-registry
#9
Elisabetta Moscarella, Alfonso Ielasi, Attilio Varricchio, Maria Carmen De Angelis, Bruno Loi, Giuseppe Tarantini, Paolo Calabrò, Bernardo Cortese, Pietro Mazzarotto, Gabriele Gabrielli, Francesco Pisano, Michela Facchin, Leonardo Misuraca, Valerio Lucci, Roberto Gistri, Gabriele Tumminello, Luciano Moretti, Alessandro Colombo, Alessandro Durante, Massimo Fineschi, Davide Piraino, Maurizio Ferrario, Sebastian Coscarelli, Annamaria Nicolino, Maurizio Tespili, Donatella Corrado, Giuseppe Steffenino
BACKGROUND: The bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) technology may be an appealing option in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. However, the available evidence on its use in this challenging subset is limited. METHODS: Registro Absorb Italiano (RAI) is a multicenter, prospective registry that aims to assess BVS performance through a 5-year follow-up of all consecutive patients who undergone at least 1 successful BVS implantation. As a part of it, a subgroup analysis in STEMI patients was performed and the outcomes of this cohort compared to the remaining population (defined as "non-STEMI") are reported here...
February 3, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428267/disseminated-cerebral-toxoplasmosis-in-a-patient-with-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia
#10
Jordan Xu, Rod J Nault, Andres Maldonado-Naranjo, Leonardo A Frizon, Kuruvilla John, Katherine Holman, Sean J Nagel
Infections are one of the most common causes of mortality in immunocompromised patients. In patients diagnosed with hematologic malignancies, treatment with stem cell transplants (SCT) or T-cell suppressing chemotherapy increases the risk of central nervous system (CNS) infections, of which toxoplasmosis is the most common. We report the case of a 63 year-old woman with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) that presented with gait instability and visual changes. Intracranial lesions were noted on initial neuro-imaging...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427192/community-acquired-respiratory-infections-are-common-in-patients-with-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-and-multiple-myeloma
#11
Noa Lavi, Irit Avivi, Zipora Kra-Oz, Ilana Oren, Emilia Hardak
PURPOSE: Available data suggest that respiratory infections are associated with increased morbidity and mortality in patients hospitalized due to acute leukemia and allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT). However, the precise incidence, risk factors, and severity of respiratory infection, mainly community-acquired, in patients with lymphoma and multiple myeloma (MM) are not fully determined. The current study aimed to investigate risk factors for respiratory infections and their clinical significance in patients with B cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and multiple myeloma (MM) in the first year of diagnosis...
February 9, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423555/second-malignancies-after-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#12
REVIEW
Ivetta Danylesko, Avichai Shimoni
Second malignancies are a rare but well-defined late complication after autologous and allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (SCT). Solid malignancies occur in up to 15% of patients 15 years after SCT with myeloablative conditioning, with no plateau in the incidence rates. They are responsible for 5-10% of late deaths after SCT. The incidence is increased with advanced age at SCT. The major risk factors are the use of total body irradiation, which is associated with adenocarcinomas and with chronic graft-versus-host disease which is associated with squamous cell cancers...
February 8, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423363/development-and-psychometric-properties-of-a-calcium-intake-questionnaire-based-on-the-social-cognitive-theory-ciq-sct-for-iranian-women
#13
Mahin Nematollahi, Ahmad Ali Eslami
Background: Osteoporosis is common among women which may be mostly due to the low intake of calcium. This article reports the development, cultural adaptation and psychometric properties of a Calcium Intake Questionnaire based on the social cognitive theory (CIQ-SCT)among Iranian women. Methods: In 2016, this cross-sectional study was carried out among 400 younger than 50 years old women in Isfahan, Iran. After literature review, a preliminary 35-item questionnaire was developed. Then, forward-backward translation and cultural adaptation of the tool was conducted...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416365/systematic-review-of-health-state-utility-values-for-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#14
Anna Forsythe, Patricia S Brandt, Mike Dolph, Sachin Patel, Adrian Paul J Rabe, Gabriel Tremblay
Background: Cost-utility analyses for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) require health state utility values (HSUVs) in order to calculate quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) for each health state. Aim: This study reviewed AML-related HSUVs that could be used in economic evaluation studies. Materials and methods: EMBASE, MEDLINE, and Cochrane databases were searched from January 2000 to November 2016 for relevant studies that reported quality of life (QoL) and HSUVs in AML...
2018: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415601/sleep-internalizing-problems-and-social-withdrawal-unique-associations-in-clinic-referred-youth-with-elevated-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-symptoms
#15
Ana T Rondon, Dane C Hilton, Matthew A Jarrett, Thomas H Ollendick
OBJECTIVE: We compared clinic-referred youth with ADHD + sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT; n = 34), ADHD Only ( n = 108), and SCT Only ( n = 22) on demographics, co-occurring symptomatology, comorbid diagnoses, and social functioning. METHOD: In total, 164 youth (age = 6-17 years, M = 9.97) and their parent(s) presented to an outpatient clinic for a psychoeducational assessment. Between-group analyses and regressions were used to examine study variables. RESULTS: SCT groups were older and exhibited more parent-reported internalizing problems, externalizing problems, sleep problems, and social withdrawal on the Child Behavior Checklist...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415213/risk-of-exertional-heat-illnesses-associated-with-sickle-cell-trait-in-u-s-military
#16
Darrell E Singer, Celia Byrne, Ligong Chen, Stephanie Shao, Jonathan Goldsmith, David W Niebuhr
Introduction: A number of studies have found an association between sickle cell trait (SCT) and exertional heat illnesses (EHIs) including heat stroke, a potentially fatal condition. The strength of this association varied across studies, limiting the ability to quantify potential benefits of SCT-screening policies for competitive athletics and military service members. We determined the relative rate and attributable risk of developing EHI associated with being SCT positive and the EHI health care utilization...
February 5, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410535/corrigendum-disease-status-is-a-more-reliable-predictive-factor-than-histology-in-lymphoma-patients-after-reduced-intensity-conditioning-regimen-and-allo-sct
#17
L Castagna, R Boubdallah, S Furst, D Coso, J El Cheikh, C Faucher, R Crocchiolo, A Granata, C Chabannon, C Lemarié, B Calmels, J M Boher, M Mohty, D Blaise
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/bmt.2012.225.
February 2018: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410295/donor-cell-derived-hematological-neoplasms-after-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-a-systematic-review
#18
Julia Suárez-González, Carolina Martínez-Laperche, Mi Kwon, Pascual Balsalobre, Diego Carbonell, María Chicano, Gabriela Rodríguez-Macías, David Serrano, Jorge Gayoso, José Luis Díez-Martín, Ismael Buño
Development of de novo hematological malignancies in donor cells following allogeneic stem cell transplantation provides a useful in vivo model to study the process of leukemogenesis. A systematic analysis of the cases reported in the literature was performed in order to identify risk factors and mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of donor cell-derived hematological neoplasms (DCHN) and leukemogenic transformation. Relevant data were extracted from 137 cases. Cases of DCHN show a wide heterogeneity with regard to recipient/donor age, sex-mismatch and conditioning regimen...
February 2, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409729/acquired-amegakaryocytic-thrombocytopenia-and-red-cell-aplasia-in-a-patient-with-thymoma-progressing-to-aplastic-anemia-successfully-treated-with-allogenic-stem-cell-transplantation
#19
Aron Simkins, Abhishek Maiti, Nicholas J Short, Nitin Jain, Uday Popat, Keyur P Patel, Thein H Oo
Association of pure red-cell aplasia with thymoma is well documented. However, acquired amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia (AAMT) has been rarely associated with thymoma with only five reported cases in literature. We report a patient with thymoma complicated by pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) and AAMT who progressed to develop aplastic anemia (AA). The patient was refractory to 10-months of immunosuppressive therapy with cyclosporine, prednisone, and antithymocyte globulin. She was eventually treated with allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT)...
January 31, 2018: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409558/echinococcus-multilocularis-in-a-eurasian-lynx-lynx-lynx-in-turkey
#20
Hamza Avcioglu, Esin Guven, Ibrahim Balkaya, Ridvan Kirman
Echinococcus multilocularis is the causative agent of alveolar echinococcosis (AE), one of the most threatening zoonoses in Eurasia. Human AE is widespread in the Erzurum region of Turkey, but the situation of the disease in intermediate and definitive hosts is unknown. A Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) was killed in a traffic accident in the north of Erzurum, and was taken to our laboratory. Sedimentation and counting technique (SCT), DNA isolation and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis were performed. The SCT results showed that the lynx was infected with E...
February 7, 2018: Parasitology
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