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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651784/are-the-effects-of-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-severe-fatigue-in-cancer-survivors-sustained-up-to-14-years-after-therapy
#1
Lidewij D Van Gessel, Harriët J G Abrahams, Hetty Prinsen, Gijs Bleijenberg, Marianne Heins, Jos Twisk, Hanneke W M Van Laarhoven, Stans C A H H V M Verhagen, Marieke F M Gielissen, Hans Knoop
PURPOSE: Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) reduces cancer-related fatigue (CRF) in cancer survivors in the short term. We examined fatigue levels up to 14 years after CBT. METHODS: Eligible participants of two randomized controlled trials who had completed CBT for CRF and a post-treatment assessment were contacted (n = 81). Fatigue was assessed with the subscale "fatigue severity" of the Checklist Individual Strength (CIS-fatigue). The course of fatigue over time was examined with linear mixed model analyses...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649913/effects-of-an-exercise-intervention-on-cancer-related-fatigue-and-its-relationship-to-markers-of-oxidative-stress
#2
Chris P Repka, Reid Hayward
BACKGROUND: Although the underlying mechanisms of cancer-related fatigue (CRF) are not fully characterized, treatment-associated oxidative stress may play a role. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of an exercise intervention on the relationship between CRF and oxidative stress. METHODS: Upon cessation of radiation or chemotherapy, 8 cancer patients participated in a 10-week exercise intervention (EX), while 7 continued standard care (CON). Blood draws and fatigue questionnaires were administered to cancer patients before and after the intervention as well as to 7 age-matched individuals with no cancer history...
April 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644889/comparing-exercise-responses-to-aerobic-plus-resistance-training-between-postmenopausal-breast-cancer-survivors-undergoing-aromatase-inhibitor-therapy-and-healthy-women
#3
Thais R S de Paulo, Kerri M Winters-Stone, Juliana Viezel, Fabricio E Rossi, Bruna L Aro, Ana Carolina A C Trindade, Jamile S Codogno, Ismael F Freitas Junior
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore whether postmenopausal breast cancer survivors undergoing aromatase inhibitor therapy differ from healthy postmenopausal women in their response to the same aerobic + resistance training. METHODS: The participants were separated into two groups: postmenopausal breast cancer survivors undergoing aromatase inhibitor therapy for an average of 20 months (18 women) and healthy postmenopausal women (24 women). We assessed aerobic capacity (predicted maximum oxygen uptake (VO2 max) and maximum running velocity test (Vmax)) through a walking test, upper and lower body muscle strength using an estimated one-repetition maximum test, and body composition by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry at baseline and at three, six, and nine months, respectively...
April 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629606/cancer-and-complementary-therapies-current-trends-in-survivors-interest-and-use
#4
Maryam Qureshi, Erin Zelinski, Linda E Carlson
BACKGROUND: Cancer survivors use complementary therapies (CTs) for a variety of reasons; however, with interest and use reportedly on the rise and a widening range of products and practices available, there is a need to establish trends in and drivers of interest. We aimed to determine (1) frequencies of use, level of interest, and barriers for 30 specific CTs and (2) whether physical symptoms, perceived stress (PS), or spiritual well-being were related to interest levels. METHOD: A total of 212 cancer outpatients were surveyed at the Tom Baker Cancer Centre in Calgary, Canada...
April 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623420/cancer-survivors-experiences-of-a-community-based-cancer-specific-exercise-programme-results-of-an-exploratory-survey
#5
Susan Catt, J Sheward, E Sheward, H Harder
PURPOSE: Exercise levels often decline following cancer diagnosis despite growing evidence of its benefits. Treatment side effects, older age, lack of confidence and opportunity to exercise with others in similar circumstances influence this. Our study explored the experiences of people attending a cancer-specific community-based exercise programme (CU Fitter™). METHODS: A survey distributed to those attending the programme gathered demographic/clinical information, self-reported exercise levels, information provision and barriers to/benefits of exercise...
April 5, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621874/psychosocial-health-of-disease-free-breast-cancer-survivors-compared-with-matched-non-cancer-controls
#6
Boyoung Park, Moo Hyun Lee, Sun-Young Kong, Eun Sook Lee
Purpose: The present study investigated the psychosocial health of disease-free breast cancer survivors who receive health examinations compared to matched non-cancer controls in a community setting. Materials and Methods: We used baseline data from the Health Examinee cohort, which is composed of subjects participating in health. The disease-free breast cancer survivors were defined as those who were ≥2 years from initial diagnosis of breast cancer who had completed treatment...
April 5, 2018: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618274/usability-testing-of-an-mhealth-device-for-swallowing-therapy-in-head-and-neck-cancer-survivors
#7
Gabriela Constantinescu, Kristina Kuffel, Ben King, William Hodgetts, Jana Rieger
The objective of this study was to conduct the first patient usability testing of a mobile health (mHealth) system for in-home swallowing therapy. Five participants with a history of head and neck cancer evaluated the mHealth system. After completing an in-application (app) tutorial with the clinician, participants were asked to independently complete five tasks: pair the device to the smartphone, place the device correctly, exercise, interpret progress displays, and close the system. Quantitative and qualitative methods were used to evaluate the effectiveness, efficiency, and satisfaction with the system...
April 1, 2018: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617707/changes-in-body-mass-index-and-physical-activity-predict-changes-in-vitality-during-a-weight-loss-trial-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#8
Kelly M Kenzik, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Patricia A Ganz, Graham Colditz, Cheryl L Rock, Laura Q Rogers
Background: Breast cancer survivors rank fatigue (e.g., decreased vitality) as their number one concern affecting quality of life. Excess adiposity is associated with decreased vitality in breast cancer survivors, yet weight loss intervention trials report inconsistent effects on this parameter. Methods: This is a secondary analysis of the Exercise and Nutrition to Enhance Recovery and Good Health for You trial, in which 692 overweight or obese breast cancer survivors ≤5 years from diagnosis, initiated weight loss interventions, and completed assessments semi-annually for 2 years...
March 29, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617189/cumulative-burden-of-morbidity-among-testicular-cancer-survivors-after-standard-cisplatin-based-chemotherapy-a-multi-institutional-study
#9
Sarah L Kerns, Chunkit Fung, Patrick O Monahan, Shirin Ardeshir-Rouhani-Fard, Mohammad I Abu Zaid, AnnaLynn M Williams, Timothy E Stump, Howard D Sesso, Darren R Feldman, Robert J Hamilton, David J Vaughn, Clair Beard, Robert A Huddart, Jeri Kim, Christian Kollmannsberger, Deepak M Sahasrabudhe, Ryan Cook, Sophie D Fossa, Lawrence H Einhorn, Lois B Travis
Purpose In this multicenter study, we evaluated the cumulative burden of morbidity (CBM) among > 1,200 testicular cancer survivors and applied factor analysis to determine the co-occurrence of adverse health outcomes (AHOs). Patients and Methods Participants were ≤ 55 years of age at diagnosis, finished first-line chemotherapy ≥ 1 year previously, completed a comprehensive questionnaire, and underwent physical examination. Treatment data were abstracted from medical records. A CBM score encompassed the number and severity of AHOs, with ordinal logistic regression used to assess associations with exposures...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616481/preoperative-rehabilitation-in-lung-cancer-patients-yoga-approach
#10
Giovanni Barassi, Rosa Grazia Bellomo, Antonella Di Iulio, Achille Lococo, Annamaria Porreca, Piera Attilia Di Felice, Raoul Saggini
Lung cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer death worldwide. Surgical removal remains the best option for most tumors of this type. Reduction of cigarette consumption in patients with lung cancer candidates for the surgery could limit the impact of tobacco on postsurgical outcomes. Breathing exercises appear to help combat cigarette cravings. Yoga exercise benefits have been studied in lung cancer survivors, rather than in the preoperative setting. In this study, we have recruited 32 active smokers affected by lung cancer and being candidates for pulmonary surgery...
April 4, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615292/dynamic-myocardial-response-to-exercise-in-childhood-cancer-survivors-treated-with-anthracyclines
#11
Barbara Cifra, Ching Kit Chen, Chun-Po S Fan, Cameron Slorach, Cedric Manlhiot, Brian W McCrindle, Andreea Dragulescu, Andrew N Redington, Mark K Friedberg, Paul C Nathan, Luc Mertens
BACKGROUND: Anthracycline cardiotoxicity can cause significant long-term morbidity in childhood cancer survivors (CCS), but many CCS do not manifest clinical symptoms until adulthood. The aims of this study were to characterize the dynamic myocardial response to exercise of CCS at long-term follow-up by combining semisupine bicycle exercise stress echocardiography with myocardial imaging techniques and to establish whether semisupine bicycle exercise stress echocardiography could identify CCS with abnormal exercise response...
March 31, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587682/impact-of-a-behaviorally-based-weight-loss-intervention-on-parameters-of-insulin-resistance-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#12
Kim L Dittus, Jean R Harvey, Janice Y Bunn, Nathan D Kokinda, Karen M Wilson, Jeff Priest, Richard E Pratley
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer survivors with excess weight are more likely to have negative breast cancer outcomes. Biomarkers related to insulin resistance may help explain this negative association. Weight loss is associated with improvements in insulin sensitivity. Our goal was to identify the impact of a behaviorally based weight loss intervention on indices of insulin resistance. METHODS: Overweight, early stage breast cancer survivors who completed initial cancer therapy were enrolled in a 6 month behaviorally based weight loss intervention that included calorie reduction, exercise and behavior modification...
March 27, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581673/changes-in-exercise-tolerance-and-quality-of-life-are-unrelated-in-lung-cancer-survivors-who-undergo-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery
#13
Kunihiko Anami, Jun Horie, Yoshiyasu Hirayama, Naoki Yamashita, Kenichi Ito
[Purpose] The associations between changes in respiratory function, exercise tolerance, and quality of life (QOL) in patients with lung cancer who undergo lobectomy using video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) are unclear. This study aimed to investigate the relationships between exercise tolerance and QOL in patients who underwent VATS. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-six patients with lung cancer were followed for 3 months after VATS. Patients were evaluated before and 1, 4, and 12 weeks after surgery...
March 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579014/a-physical-test-to-estimate-suitable-workloads-for-an-exercise-program-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#14
Elisabet Guillamó, Noemie Travier, Guillermo R Oviedo, Ana Fonseca-Nunes, Juan-Mariano Alamo, Francesc Cos, Ariadna Roca, Oscar Niño, Antonio Agudo, Casimiro Javierre
Epidemiologic studies suggest that patients with breast cancer who gain weight after diagnosis have a higher risk of recurrence and death. Regular physical exercise can help minimize post-diagnosis weight gain. The objective of the study was to assess the effectiveness of a physical test for individualizing the workloads used during a fitness program.To continuously individualize the intensity of the training, a test was designed and integrated into the sessions. The test consisted in monitoring heart rate and workload during two bouts of cycling at moderate intensity...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573216/glucose-impairments-and-insulin-resistance-in-prostate-cancer-the-role-of-obesity-nutrition-and-exercise
#15
REVIEW
K M Di Sebastiano, J H Pinthus, W C M Duivenvoorden, M Mourtzakis
BACKGROUND: Hyperinsulinemia, obesity and related metabolic diseases are associated with prostate cancer development. Prostate cancer patients undergoing androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) are at increased risk for metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease and diabetes, while pre-existing metabolic conditions may be exacerbated. PURPOSE: An integrative approach is used to describe the interactions between insulin, glucose metabolism, obesity and prostate cancer...
March 24, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568412/impact-of-physical-exercise-in-cancer-survivors-during-and-after-antineoplastic-treatments
#16
REVIEW
Martina Ferioli, Giorgio Zauli, Alberto M Martelli, Marco Vitale, James A McCubrey, Simona Ultimo, Silvano Capitani, Luca M Neri
Cancer patients experience symptoms and adverse effects of treatments that may last even after the end of treatments. Exercise is a safe, non-pharmacological and cost-effective therapy that can provide several health benefits in cancer patient and survivors, reducing cancer symptoms and cancer treatment side effects. The purpose of this review is to describe how the physical exercise is capable to reduce cancer symptoms and cancer treatment side effects. We realized a pragmatic classification of symptoms, dividing them into physical, psychological and psycho-physical aspects...
March 2, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565763/metabolic-and-psychological-impact-of-a-pragmatic-exercise-intervention-program-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-survivors-of-pediatric-cancer-related-cerebral-insult
#17
Shoshana R Rath, Treya M Long, Natasha L Bear, Gordon C P Miles, Andrew M Bullock, Nicholas G Gottardo, Catherine H Cole, Louise H Naylor, Catherine S Y Choong
PURPOSE: To assess metabolic function among adolescent and young adult (AYA) survivors of childhood cancer-related brain surgery or cranial irradiation (CRT) and to determine feasibility, safety, and metabolic as well as psychological impact of a 6-month exercise program in this cohort. METHODS: Twenty AYAs aged 15-23 years were recruited. All had completed cancer treatment by age 15.5 and were more than 1 year after end of treatment. Metabolic function was assessed at baseline (T1), after a 6-month non-intervention period (T2), and after the 6-month intervention (T3)...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549149/therapeutic-effects-of-aerobic-and-resistance-exercises-for-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-review-of-meta-analyses-of-clinical-trials
#18
REVIEW
Joel T Fuller, Michael C Hartland, Luke T Maloney, Kade Davison
OBJECTIVE: To systematically appraise and summarise meta-analyses investigating the effect of exercise compared with a control condition on health outcomes in cancer survivors. DESIGN: Umbrella review of intervention systematic reviews. DATA SOURCES: Web of Science, Scopus, Cochrane Library, CINAHL and MEDLINE databases were searched using a predefined search strategy. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Eligible meta-analyses compared health outcomes between cancer survivors participating in an exercise intervention and a control condition...
March 16, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534941/predicting-cardiovascular-disease-among-testicular-cancer-survivors-after-modern-cisplatin-based-chemotherapy-application-of-the-framingham-risk-score
#19
Darren R Feldman, Shirin Ardeshir-Rouhani-Fard, Patrick Monahan, Howard D Sesso, Chunkit Fung, Annalynn M Williams, Robert J Hamilton, David J Vaughn, Clair J Beard, Ryan Cook, Mohammad Abu Zaid, Steven E Lipshultz, Lawrence H Einhorn, Kevin C Oeffinger, Lois B Travis, Sophie D Fossa
BACKGROUND: Testicular cancer survivors (TCSs) are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) after cisplatin-based chemotherapy (CBCT). Identifying at-risk survivors would allow early intervention, but risk prediction tools such as the Framingham Risk Score (FRS) have not been applied to TCSs given modern chemotherapy. METHODS: TCSs > 1 year post-CBCT were evaluated. Associations between FRS and clinical, socioeconomic, and lifestyle measures and treatment regimen (4 cycles, etoposide and cisplatin [EP × 4]); 3 or 4 cycles, bleomycin plus EP (BEP × 3, BEP × 4) were analyzed with general linear multivariable models...
February 5, 2018: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526243/an-integrative-tai-chi-program-for-patients-with-breast-cancer-undergoing-cancer-therapy-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-feasibility-study
#20
Lizhou Liu, Simone Petrich, Blair McLaren, Lyndell Kelly, G David Baxter
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer patients experience various side effects during cancer therapy, often resulting in reduced quality of life and poor adherence to treatment. A limited range of proven interventions has been developed to target such side effects. While Tai Chi offers benefits for the health and well-being of breast cancer survivors, the effectiveness of Tai Chi across the treatment continuum has not been evaluated. Improved patient education and support has been suggested as a priority for breast cancer care...
March 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
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