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Exercise cancer survivor

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820332/using-rating-of-perceived-exertion-in-assessing-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-endometrial-cancer-survivors
#1
Daniel C Hughes, Matthew G Cox, Susan Serice, George Baum, Carol Harrison, Karen Basen-Engquist
For cancer survivors, who also often present with co-existing health conditions, exercise testing is often performed using submaximal protocols incorporating linear heart rate response for estimating the cardiorespiratory capacity and assessing exercise tolerance. However, use of beta-blocker medications, during sub-maximal protocols based on linear HR response can be problematic. Rating of perceived exertion (RPE), which takes into account an individual's overall perception of effort, can be used as a complementary tool that does not rely solely on the heart rate response to increased workload...
October 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809602/fertility-preservation-and-sexual-health-after-cancer-therapy
#2
Nigel Pereira, Glenn L Schattman
Recent developments in cancer diagnostics and treatments have considerably improved long-term survival rates. Despite improvements in chemotherapy regimens, more focused radiotherapy and diverse surgical options, cancer treatments often have gonadotoxic side-effects that can manifest as loss of fertility or sexual dysfunction, particularly in young cancer survivors. In this review, we focus on two pertinent quality-of-life issues in female cancer survivors of reproductive age-fertility preservation and sexual function...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809066/participation-in-water-exercising-long-term-after-breast-cancer-surgery-experiences-of-significant-factors-for-continuing-exercising-as-a-part-of-cancer-rehabilitation
#3
A Enblom, H Lindquist, K Bergmark
Although physical exercising has great benefits, little is known regarding factors of significance for cancer survivors to continue exercising within their rehabilitation. The objective was to describe factors experienced to be of significance for cancer survivors to continue with water-exercising long-term after breast cancer surgery. Women (n = 29) who had undergone breast cancer surgery (mastectomy 79%, axillary surgery 86%, and radiotherapy 86%) for median (md) 13 (25th-75th percentile 3-21.5) was followed up regarding their rehabilitation, arm function Disabilities of Arm Shoulder and Hand (md 14, IQR 7-32), EQ-5D score (md 0...
August 15, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803675/the-yale-fitness-intervention-trial-in-female-cancer-survivors-cardiovascular-and-physiological-outcomes
#4
M Tish Knobf, Sangchoon Jeon, Barbara Smith, Lyndsay Harris, Siobhan Thompson, Mitchel R Stacy, Karl Insogna, Albert J Sinusas
BACKGROUND: Induced premature menopause and cardio-toxic therapy increase cardiovascular disease risk in female cancer survivors. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of a 12 month aerobic-resistance fitness center intervention to home based physical activity on cardiovascular function and metabolic risk factors. METHODS: Subjects (N = 154) who had completed primary and/or adjuvant chemotherapy (past 3 years) were randomized to a fitness center intervention or a home based group...
August 10, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791499/long-term-peripheral-neuropathy-symptoms-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#5
Moaath Mustafa Ali, Machelle Moeller, Lisa Rybicki, Halle C F Moore
PURPOSE: Peripheral neuropathy (PN) is a common and distressing complication from chemotherapy. Symptoms often, but not always, improve with time. The prevalence of long-term PN symptoms in breast cancer survivors is not well known. We sought to explore PN symptoms and associated risk factors among breast cancer survivors at least 2 years out from diagnosis. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional retrospective study investigating the prevalence of patient-reported numbness, tingling, and anesthesia symptoms as a surrogate for PN in breast cancer survivors...
August 8, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782599/ascertainment-of-unmet-needs-and-participation-in-health-maintenance-and-screening-of-adult-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-hct-survivors-followed-in-a-formal-survivorship-program
#6
Theresa Hahn, Pamela Paplham, Tammy Austin-Ketch, Yali Zhang, Jennifer Grimmer, Michael Burns, Sophia Balderman, Maureen Ross, Philip L McCarthy
This study aimed to ascertain unmet needs in autologous and allogeneic HCT recipients actively followed in an established long-term survivorship clinic at Roswell Park Cancer Institute from 2006-2012. The Survivor Unmet Needs Survey (SUNS) was mailed to 209 eligible patients and returned by 110 (53% participation rate). SUNS includes 89-items covering 5 domains: Emotional Health, Access and Continuity of Care, Relationships, Financial Concerns, and Information. The top five specific unmet needs for autologous HCT patients were: inability to set future goals/long-term plans; changes in appearance; bad memory/lacking focus; losing confidence in abilities; paying household or other bills...
August 4, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766850/efficacy-of-a-novel-swallowing-exercise-program-for-chronic-dysphagia-in-long-term-head-and-neck-cancer-survivors
#7
Sophie A C Kraaijenga, Lisette van der Molen, Martijn M Stuiver, Robert P Takes, Abrahim Al-Mamgani, Michiel W M van den Brekel, Frans J M Hilgers
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of rehabilitative exercises for chronic dysphagia treatment in head and neck cancer survivors has not been studied extensively and is ambiguous. METHODS: A prospective clinical phase II study using an intensive strength training program was carried out in 17 head and neck cancer survivors with chronic dysphagia. Both swallow and nonswallow exercises were performed for 6-8 weeks with a newly developed tool allowing for progressive muscle overload, including chin tuck, jaw opening, and effortful swallow exercises...
August 2, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766098/perceived-barriers-and-preferred-components-for-physical-activity-interventions-in-african-american-survivors-of-breast-or-endometrial-cancer-with-type-2-diabetes-the-s-u-c-c-e-s-s-framework
#8
Kristin Z Black, La-Shell Johnson, Carmen D Samuel-Hodge, Lavanya Gupta, Aditi Sundaresan, Wanda K Nicholson
PURPOSE: African-American (AA) female cancer survivors share a disproportionate burden of diabetes compared to their white counterparts. Our objectives were to explore the perspectives of AA survivors with type 2 diabetes on perceived barriers to physical activity (PA) and preferences for a PA intervention and develop a framework for a PA program after cancer treatment. METHODS: Trained interviewers conducted semi-structured interviews with AA survivors of breast or endometrial cancer with diabetes (total n = 20; 16 breast, 4 endometrial)...
August 1, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763133/physical-activity-and-exercise-self-regulation-in-cancer-survivors-a-qualitative-study
#9
Edward Tsai, Michael C Robertson, Elizabeth J Lyons, Maria C Swartz, Karen Basen-Engquist
OBJECTIVE: Despite the benefits of physical activity, many cancer survivors do not adhere to clinically recommended levels. This qualitative study investigated factors of self-regulation contributing to survivor physical activity patterns. METHODS: Participants attended focus groups with prompts on exercise habits and self-regulation based on Social Cognitive Theory, Self-Determination Theory, and Self-Regulation Theory. Content analysis with a priori codes was conducted to identify emergent themes...
August 1, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760185/fall-related-comorbidity-and-health-beliefs-among-cancer-survivors-participating-in-a-community-based-exercise-intervention
#10
Silvie Grote, Naomi N Modeste, Diadrey-Anne Sealy, Salem Dehom, Heather P Tarleton
OBJECTIVES: Health beliefs (HB) and fall and balance-related outcomes were examined following a 26-week community-based exercise intervention among cancer survivors (CS). METHODS: Fall and balance-related measures and HB were quantitatively and qualitatively examined during a 26-week intervention among CS (N = 33). Of the 33 participants, 28 consented to an interview about their physical activity (PA) behavior. RESULTS: Participants scored high on balance efficacy (median ± range = 8...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739540/the-women-in-steady-exercise-research-wiser-survivor-trial-the-innovative-transdisciplinary-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-exercise-and-weight-loss-interventions-among-breast-cancer-survivors-with-lymphedema
#11
Renate M Winkels, Kathleen M Sturgeon, Michael J Kallan, Lorraine T Dean, Zi Zhang, Margaret Evangelisti, Justin C Brown, David B Sarwer, Andrea B Troxel, Crystal Denlinger, Monica Laudermilk, Anna Fornash, Angela DeMichele, Lewis A Chodosh, Kathryn H Schmitz
INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer survivors face dual challenges: long term sequelae of treatment, and risk of recurrent disease. Obesity and a sedentary lifestyle complicate both challenges. The WISER Survivor trial assessed the effects of exercise and/or weight-loss on lymphedema, biomarkers of breast cancer recurrence, and quality of life. We report on the innovative transdisciplinary design of this trial and report attrition rates. METHODS: This one year trial randomized breast cancer survivors who had a BMI of ≥25kg/m(2), were sedentary and had breast-cancer-related-lymphedema to 1) exercise (weight training and aerobic exercise) 2) weight-loss 3) exercise and weight-loss 4) or control group...
July 21, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731882/the-effect-on-bone-outcomes-of-home-based-exercise-intervention-for-prostate-cancer-survivors-receiving-androgen-deprivation-therapy-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Soo Hyun Kim, Do Hwan Seong, Sang Min Yoon, Young Deuk Choi, Eunju Choi, Youngkyu Song, Hosook Song
BACKGROUND: Cancer treatment-induced bone loss has important long-term effects in prostate cancer survivors (PCSs) receiving androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), but little is known about preventive interventions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of a 6-month home-based exercise intervention in PCSs. METHODS: In this pilot, randomized controlled trial, 51 men (mean age, 70.8 years) were randomized to a 6-month home-based exercise intervention for preventing osteoporosis group (n = 26) or an exercise placebo intervention of stretching exercise group (n = 25)...
July 20, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711382/recreational-physical-activity-in-relation-to-prostate-cancer-specific-mortality-among-men-with-nonmetastatic-prostate-cancer
#13
Ying Wang, Eric J Jacobs, Susan M Gapstur, Maret L Maliniak, Ted Gansler, Marjorie L McCullough, Victoria L Stevens, Alpa V Patel
BACKGROUND: Large prospective cohort studies need to confirm the associations between recreational physical activity (PA), including the most common type-walking, and prostate cancer-specific mortality (PCSM) among prostate cancer patients. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations of recreational PA, reported before and after diagnosis, with PCSM, overall and by tumor risk category. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: In a prospective cohort study conducted in the USA, men diagnosed with nonmetastatic prostate cancer between 1992/1993 and June 2011 were followed for mortality until 2012...
July 12, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708930/effects-of-high-intensity-aerobic-interval-training-on-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-testicular-cancer-survivors-a-phase-2-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Scott C Adams, Darren S DeLorey, Margie H Davenport, Michael K Stickland, Adrian S Fairey, Scott North, Alexander Szczotka, Kerry S Courneya
BACKGROUND: Testicular cancer survivors (TCS) have an increased risk of treatment-related cardiovascular disease (CVD), which may limit their overall survival. We evaluated the effects of high-intensity aerobic interval training (HIIT) on traditional and novel CVD risk factors and surrogate markers of mortality in a population-based sample of TCS. METHODS: This phase 2 trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT02459132) randomly assigned 63 TCS to usual care (UC) or 12 weeks of supervised HIIT (ie, alternating periods of vigorous-intensity and light-intensity aerobic exercise)...
July 14, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702218/effects-of-a-parallel-arm-randomized-controlled-weight-loss-pilot-study-on-biological-and-psychosocial-parameters-of-overweight-and-obese-breast-cancer-survivors
#15
Andrea Y Arikawa, Beth C Kaufman, Susan K Raatz, Mindy S Kurzer
BACKGROUND: Weight gain often occurs after breast cancer (BC) diagnosis and obesity along with sedentary behavior are associated with increased risk of BC recurrence and mortality. The primary objective of this study was to determine whether a significant weight loss, of approximately 10%, would lead to beneficial changes in biomarkers associated with cancer and/or cancer recurrence, and quality of life (QOL) in overweight and obese BC survivors. METHODS: This parallel-arm study took place in Minneapolis, Minnesota, from January 2009 until March 2010...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698390/randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-home-based-walking-program-to-reduce-moderate-to-severe-aromatase-inhibitor-associated-arthralgia-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#16
Kirsten A Nyrop, Leigh F Callahan, Rebecca J Cleveland, Liubov L Arbeeva, Betsy S Hackney, Hyman B Muss
BACKGROUND: In postmenopausal women diagnosed with breast cancer (BC), most BC tumors are hormone receptor positive and guidelines recommend adjuvant endocrine therapy that includes an aromatase inhibitor (AI). This study investigates the impact of a 6-week, home-based, self-directed walking program on the commonly reported side effect of AI-associated arthralgia (AIAA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this phase II trial, consented BC patients were randomized to walking Intervention (n = 31) or Wait List Control (WLC; n = 31)...
July 11, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698349/a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-periodised-resistance-training-and-protein-supplementation-intervention-in-prostate-cancer-survivors-on-androgen-deprivation-therapy
#17
Jacqueline L Kiwata, Tanya B Dorff, E Todd Schroeder, George J Salem, Christianne J Lane, Judd C Rice, Mitchell E Gross, Christina M Dieli-Conwright
INTRODUCTION: Prostate cancer survivors (PCS) receiving androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) experience deleterious side effects such as unfavourable changes in cardiometabolic factors that lead to sarcopenic obesity and metabolic syndrome (MetS). While loss of lean body mass (LBM) compromises muscular strength and quality of life, MetS increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and may influence cancer recurrence. Exercise can improve LBM and strength, and may serve as an alternative to the pharmacological management of MetS in PCS on ADT...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690985/metabolic-syndrome-induced-by-anticancer-treatment-in-childhood-cancer-survivors
#18
REVIEW
Hee Won Chueh, Jae Ho Yoo
The number of childhood cancer survivors is increasing as survival rates improve. However, complications after treatment have not received much attention, particularly metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome comprises central obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and insulin resistance, and cancer survivors have higher risks of cardiovascular events compared with the general population. The mechanism by which cancer treatment induces metabolic syndrome is unclear. However, its pathophysiology can be categorized based on the cancer treatment type administered...
June 2017: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677077/physical-activity-bowel-function-and-quality-of-life-among-rectal-cancer-survivors
#19
Robert S Krouse, Christopher S Wendel, David O Garcia, Marcia Grant, Larissa K F Temple, Scott B Going, Mark C Hornbrook, Joanna E Bulkley, Carmit K McMullen, Lisa J Herrinton
PURPOSE: Physical activity (PA) is positively associated with numerous health benefits among cancer survivors. This study examined insufficiently investigated relationships among PA, health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and bowel function (BF) in rectal cancer survivors. METHODS: RC survivors (n = 1063) ≥5 years from diagnosis in two Kaiser permanente regions were mailed a multidimensional survey to assess HRQOL and BF. PA was assessed by a modified Godin Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire...
July 4, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669606/dose-response-effects-of-aerobic-exercise-among-colon-cancer-survivors-a-randomized-phase-ii-trial
#20
Justin C Brown, Andrea B Troxel, Bonnie Ky, Nevena Damjanov, Babette S Zemel, Michael R Rickels, Andrew D Rhim, Anil K Rustgi, Kerry S Courneya, Kathryn H Schmitz
BACKGROUND: Observational studies suggest that higher volumes of physical activity are associated with a lower risk of disease recurrence among survivors of colon cancer. However, the feasibility and safety of prescribing higher volumes of physical activity to survivors of colon cancer are unknown. Furthermore, the pathways through which exercise may reduce disease recurrence are unknown. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Survivors of stage I to III colon cancer were randomized to usual-care control, 150 minutes per week of aerobic exercise (low-dose), or 300 minutes per week of aerobic exercise (high-dose)...
June 17, 2017: Clinical Colorectal Cancer
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