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Exercise cancer survivor

A E Bennett, L O'Neill, D Connolly, E M Guinan, L Boland, S L Doyle, J O'Sullivan, J V Reynolds, J Hussey
PURPOSE: To qualitatively explore the perceived impact of a 12-week rehabilitative intervention for oesophago-gastric cancer survivors on their physical, mental and social wellbeing. METHODS: Of the 21 participants who completed the intervention, 19 took part in a semi-structured focus group interview. Four audio-taped focus groups were held, ranging in size from two to eight participants. Focus groups were transcribed and analysed using a descriptive qualitative approach...
February 18, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Ellen Kessels, Olga Husson, Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis
Objective: The objective of the study was to conduct systematic review and meta-analysis to establish the effect of exercise interventions on cancer-related fatigue (CRF) in cancer survivors, compared to non-exercise intervention controls. Methods: Trials published between January 1st 2000 and August 17th 2016 were included through PubMed database search and search of references. Eligible trials compared the effect of an exercise intervention on CRF compared to non-exercise intervention controls, with CRF as primary outcome and measured by validated self-report questionnaire, in cancer survivors not receiving palliative care...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Neel S Iyer, Brenda Cartmel, Louis Friedman, Fangyong Li, Yang Zhou, Elizabeth Ercolano, Maura Harrigan, Linda Gottlieb, Ruth McCorkle, Peter E Schwartz, Melinda L Irwin
BACKGROUND: Lymphedema is a poorly understood side effect of gynecologic cancer treatment. This study was designed to determine the prevalence of lower limb lymphedema (LLL) in a sample of ovarian cancer survivors via 3 different diagnostic methods and to assess the effect of a randomized exercise intervention. METHODS: Physically inactive ovarian cancer survivors (n = 95) were enrolled in a 6-month randomized trial of exercise (primarily brisk walking) versus attention control...
February 13, 2018: Cancer
Duc Ha, Andrew L Ries, Peter J Mazzone, Scott M Lippman, Mark M Fuster
PURPOSE: Lung cancer survivors are at risk for health impairments resulting from the effects and/or treatment of lung cancer and comorbidities. Practical exercise capacity (EC) assessments can help identify impairments that would otherwise remain undetected. In this study, we characterized and analyzed the association between functional EC and cancer-specific quality of life (QoL) in lung cancer survivors who previously completed curative intent treatment. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study of 62 lung cancer survivors who completed treatment ≥ 1 month previously, we assessed functional EC with the 6-min walk distance (6MWD) and cancer-specific QoL with the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QoL Questionnaire Core 30 (EORTC-QLQ-C30)...
February 10, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
James R Vallerand, Ryan E Rhodes, Gordon J Walker, Kerry S Courneya
BACKGROUND: Supervised exercise interventions produce the largest improvements in patient-reported outcomes in cancer survivors but their scalability has been questioned. Telephone counseling has been proposed as a more feasible alternative but its impact on exercise behavior and health outcomes have been modest. Basing telephone counseling exercise (TCE) interventions on the theoretical advances described in the multi-process action control framework (M-PAC) may improve these outcomes...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
An De Groef, Nele Devoogdt, Marijke Van Kampen, Ines Nevelsteen, Ann Smeets, Patrick Neven, Inge Geraerts, Lore Dams, Elien Van der Gucht, Philippe Debeer
ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of a single Botulinum Toxin A infiltration in the pectoralis major muscle in addition to a standard physical therapy program for treatment of persistent upper limb pain in breast cancer survivors. DESIGN: Double-blinded (patient and assessor) randomized controlled trial SETTING: University Hospital Leuven, Belgium PARTICIPANTS: Fifty breast cancer patients with pain. INTERVENTION: The intervention group received a single Botulinum Toxin A (BTX-A) infiltration...
January 30, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
James L Devin, David G Jenkins, Andrew T Sax, Gareth I Hughes, Joanne F Aitken, Suzanne K Chambers, Jeffrey C Dunn, Kate A Bolam, Tina L Skinner
INTRODUCTION: Deteriorations in cardiorespiratory fitness (V˙o2peak) and body composition are associated with poor prognosis after colorectal cancer treatment. However, the optimal intensity and frequency of aerobic exercise training to improve these outcomes in colorectal cancer survivors is unknown. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This trial compared 8 weeks of moderate-intensity continuous exercise (MICE; 50 minutes; 70% peak heart rate [HRpeak]; 24 sessions), with high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE; 4 × 4 minutes; 85%-95% HRpeak) at an equivalent (HIIE; 24 sessions) and tapered frequency (HIIE-T; 16 sessions) on V˙o2peak and on lean and fat mass, measured at baseline, 4, 8, and 12 weeks...
January 11, 2018: Clinical Colorectal Cancer
Shannon D Armbruster, Jaejoon Song, Leticia Gatus, Karen H Lu, Karen M Basen-Engquist
OBJECTIVE: To identify the baseline sleep patterns of endometrial cancer survivors and examine the impact of a physical activity intervention on their sleep quality via retrospective secondary analysis. METHODS: Early-stage endometrial cancer survivors participated in a 6-month single-arm exercise intervention using printed materials, telephone-based counseling, and pedometers to encourage adherence to exercise guidelines. Participants completed questionnaires evaluating their sleep (PSQI), physical activity (CHAMPS), quality of life (SF-36), and stress (PSS) at baseline and study completion...
January 30, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
Kathryn P Pennington, Anne McTiernan
Physical activity improves physical functioning, cancer-related symptoms, and quality of life in cancer survivors, and is beneficial across all phases of survivorship. Observational studies suggest that high levels of physical activity may also improve cancer outcomes such as survival, but randomized controlled trials of exercise interventions in oncology patients with survival outcomes as a primary endpoint are needed and ongoing. This review focuses on the role of physical activity in breast and gynecologic cancer survivorship, based on the available evidence...
January 27, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
Rhys I Beaudry, Yuanyuan Liang, Steven T Boyton, Wesley J Tucker, R Matthew Brothers, Kathryn M Daniel, Roshni Rao, Mark J Haykowsky
Cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD) are leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Vascular endothelial dysfunction, an important contributor in the development of CVD, improves with exercise training in patients with CVD. However, the role of regular exercise to improve vascular function in cancer survivors remains equivocal. We performed a meta-analysis to determine the effect of exercise training on vascular endothelial function in cancer survivors. We searched PubMed (1975 to 2016), EMBASE CINAHL (1937 to 2016), OVID MEDLINE (1948 to 2016), and Cochrane Central Registry of Controlled Trials (1991 to 2016) using search terms: vascular function, endothelial function, flow-mediated dilation [FMD], reactive hyperemia, exercise, and cancer...
January 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Justin C Brown, Nevena Damjanov, Kerry S Courneya, Andrea B Troxel, Babette S Zemel, Michael R Rickels, Bonnie Ky, Andrew D Rhim, Anil K Rustgi, Kathryn H Schmitz
OBJECTIVE: To examine the dose-response effects of aerobic exercise on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among colon cancer survivors. METHODS: Thirty-nine stage I-III colon cancer survivors were randomized to one of three groups: usual-care control, 150 min·wk-1 of aerobic exercise (low-dose), and 300 min·wk-1 of aerobic exercise (high-dose) for six months. HRQoL outcomes included the Short Form (SF)-36 physical and mental component summary, Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Colorectal (FACT-C), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Fear of Cancer Recurrence Inventory (FCRI), Fatigue Symptom Inventory (FSI), and North Central Cancer Treatment Group bowel function questionnaire, assessed at baseline and post intervention...
February 1, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Dohun Kim, Sun Ju Chang, Hyun Ok Lee, Seung Hee Lee
This study aimed to develop a culturally tailored, patient-centered psychosocial intervention program and to investigate the effects of the program on health-related quality of life, sleep disturbance, and depression in cancer survivors. This was a one-group pretest and posttest design. A total of 19 cancer survivors participated in the program. The program was designed to have an 8-week duration with one class per week. Every class was composed of a 90-min education session and a 90-min exercise. Among the health-related quality of life subscales, the scores of global health status/quality of life, physical functioning, and emotional functioning at posttest were statistically increased than those at pretest...
January 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
Anders Hansen, Karen Søgaard, Lisbeth Rosenbek Minet
INTRODUCTION: This case report describes the rationale and development of an exercise intervention in a patient with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM ) and discusses potential relations of observed effects in functional performance and quality of life (QOL). METHODS: A 54-year-old GBM survivor completed a supervised six-week exercise intervention during irradiation treatment beginning 42 d after resection. Exercise modalities of cardiorespiratory, resistance, and balance training were designed on generic recommendations of various cancer populations and literature review...
January 30, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
C Jackson, A J Dowd, L C Capozzi, W Bridel, H Y Lau, S N Culos-Reed
This study examined the exercise barriers and preferences of head and neck cancer (HNC) survivors in relation to exercise experience. Participants (n = 22; 46.8% response rate) completed retrospective self-report questionnaires on demographic and medical information, exercise barriers and preferences. A subset of participants then completed semi-structured interviews (n = 18). Participants had previously engaged in the ENHANCE trial during, or immediately following, radiation treatment, an average of 22...
January 29, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
Robert U Newton, Dennis R Taaffe, Suzanne K Chambers, Nigel Spry, Daniel A Galvão
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Christian Lopez, Jennifer Jones, Shabbir M H Alibhai, Daniel Santa Mina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Maria Olsson, Karin Enskär, Gunnar Steineck, Ulrica Wilderäng, Marianne Jarfelt
OBJECTIVE: Cancer treatment may result in various effects that last long after treatment has been concluded. The purpose of this study was to explore to what extent scars affect adolescents and young adults postcancer treatment. METHODS: In this population-based study, a study-specific questionnaire was developed by a method used in several previous investigations carried out by our research group, Clinical Cancer Epidemiology. Question development involved expert validation by professionals from oncology units, midwives, epidemiologists, and statisticians...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Christelle Schofield, Robert U Newton, Paul A Cohen, Daniel A Galvão, Joanne A McVeigh, Nicolas H Hart, Ganendra R Mohan, Jason Tan, Stuart G Salfinger, Leon M Straker, Carolyn J Peddle-McIntyre
OBJECTIVES: Ovarian cancer (OC) survivors experience many disease and treatment adverse effects. However, the impact of OC and its treatment on objective activity behaviors and physiological status have not been examined. The purpose of this study was to compare objectively measured activity behaviors and physiological characteristics of advanced-stage OC survivors to age-matched controls. METHODS: Twenty stage III-IV OC survivors and 20 controls completed assessments of activity behaviors (7-day accelerometry), physical function (400-meter walk as indicator of cardiorespiratory fitness, repeated chair rise, 6-meter walking tests), muscle strength (1-repetition maximum and handgrip), body composition (dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry), and musculoskeletal morphology (peripheral quantitative computed tomography)...
January 24, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Adam W Powell, Rajaram Nagarajan, Wayne A Mays, Clifford Chin, Timothy K Knilans, Sandra K Knecht, Michelle A Amos, Yvette M Gerdes, Thomas D Ryan
PURPOSE: The cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) is a valuable tool to assess cardiopulmonary exercise capacity in pediatric oncology patients after chemotherapy. In addition, few studies on the utility of submaximal testing have been performed, which could be important as some patients are unable to complete a maximal effort test secondary to deconditioning by both disease and treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of pediatric cancer patients exposed to chemotherapy from 1992 to 2013 who underwent CPET with cycle ergometry (n=27)...
January 19, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
Mary Jane Esplen, Jiahui Wong, Ellen Warner, Brenda Toner
Purpose This study aimed to test a group psychosocial intervention focused on improving disturbances of body image (BI), sexual functioning, and quality of life in breast cancer (BC) survivors. Methods A prospective, randomized controlled trial was conducted to assess the efficacy of an 8-week group intervention in women after BC treatment. The manual-based intervention combined two powerful ingredients: expressive guided-imagery exercises integrated within a model of group-therapy principles. The intervention facilitates exploration of identity, the development of new self-schemas, and personal growth...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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