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Exercise cancer survivor

Laura Q Rogers, Kerry S Courneya, Phillip M Anton, Patricia Hopkins-Price, Steven Verhulst, Randall S Robbs, Sandra K Vicari, Edward McAuley
BACKGROUND: Most breast cancer survivors do not meet physical activity recommendations. Understanding mediators of physical activity behavior change can improve interventions designed to increase physical activity in this at-risk population. PURPOSE: Study aims were to determine the 3-month Better Exercise Adherence after Treatment for Cancer (BEAT Cancer) behavior change intervention effects on social cognitive theory constructs and the mediating role of any changes on the increase in accelerometer-measured physical activity previously reported...
October 17, 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Jan Keller, Amelie U Wiedemann, Diana Hilda Hohl, Urte Scholz, Silke Burkert, Mark Schrader, Nina Knoll
OBJECTIVES: Extending individual planning of health behaviour change to the level of the dyad, dyadic planning refers to a target person and a planning partner jointly planning the target person's health behaviour change. To date, predictors of dyadic planning have not been systematically investigated. Integrating cognitive predictors of individual planning with four established predictor domains of social support provision, we propose a framework of predictors of dyadic planning. Including target persons' and partners' perspectives, we examine these predictor domains in the context of prostate cancer patients' rehabilitative pelvic floor exercise (PFE) following radical prostatectomy...
October 15, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
Dong-Woo Kang, Junga Lee, Sang-Hoon Suh, Jennifer A Ligibel, Kerry S Courneya, Justin Y Jeon
BACKGROUND: Insulin, insulin-like growth factor-axis, adiponectin, and inflammatory markers are associated with breast cancer. Given that physical activity improve prognosis of breast cancer survivors, we investigated the effects of exercise on these markers as potential mediators between physical activity and breast cancer. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, CENTRAL, CINAHL, and SportDiscus were searched up to December 3, 2015 to identify RCTs that investigated the effect of exercise on insulin, insulin-like growth factor axis, and cytokines in breast cancer survivors...
October 14, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Boyoung Park, Sun-Young Kong, Eun Kyung Lee, Moo Hyun Lee, Eun Sook Lee
BACKGROUND & AIMS: This study was conducted to examine the prevalence of and lifestyle factors associated with the metabolic syndrome in breast cancer survivors and to compare those factors with controls without cancer in a community setting. METHODS: This study included 584 female breast cancer survivors ≥3 years after the initial diagnosis and 2336 age-matched cancer-free female controls from 39 community health examination centers located in 14 urban areas in Korea...
September 17, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Shannon D Armbruster, Jaejoon Song, Andrea Bradford, Cindy L Carmack, Karen H Lu, Karen M Basen-Engquist
OBJECTIVE: Sexual dysfunction is common in endometrial cancer survivors (ECS). Our group previously tested a six-month exercise intervention in ECS. We performed a secondary analysis to determine intervention's impact on sexual health. METHODS: We studied 100 post-treatment Stage I-IIIa sedentary ECS who participated in a non-controlled, single-arm, home-based exercise intervention utilizing telephone counseling, printed material, and pedometers. Quality-of-life and physical activity measures were collected at baseline and six months...
September 24, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Megan S Farris, Karen A Kopciuk, Kerry S Courneya, Elizabeth McGregor, Qinggang Wang, Christine M Friedenreich
BACKGROUND: This prospective study examined the associations between post-diagnosis physical activity and change from pre-diagnosis physical activity with quality of life (QoL) in prostate cancer survivors. METHODS: Prostate cancer survivors (n=830) who participated in a case-control study with invasive stage {greater than or equal to}II disease were followed up to 2007 to capture QoL outcomes. At baseline and three time points post-diagnosis (2000-2007), interviews/questionnaires were used to collect data on physical activity, general QoL measured by the SF-36 and other treatment/lifestyle factors...
September 27, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
E M Zopf, R U Newton, D R Taaffe, N Spry, P Cormie, D Joseph, S K Chambers, F T Baumann, W Bloch, D A Galvão
: Cancer patients with bone metastases have previously been excluded from participation in physical activity programmes due to concerns of skeletal fractures. Our aim was to provide initial information on the association between physical activity levels and physical and mental health outcomes in prostate cancer patients with bone metastases. Between 2012 and 2015, 55 prostate cancer patients (mean age 69.7 ± 8.3; BMI 28.6 ± 4.0) with bone metastases (58.2% >2 regions affected) undertook assessments for self-reported physical activity, physical and mental health outcomes (SF-36), objective physical performance measures and body composition by DXA...
September 20, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
T Arpaci, E Kilicarslan Toruner
Significant physical and psychosocial problems and related symptoms are observed in cancer survivors after treatment as well as during the treatment period. This study was aimed to assess problems and symptoms in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) survivors. Study was applied in three hospitals in Ankara/Turkey with 91 children who were diagnosed and treated with ALL and with their family. Data were collected using the data collection form developed by the researchers. The variables were investigated using the Mann-Whitney U and chi-square test...
September 20, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
Jann Arends, Patrick Bachmann, Vickie Baracos, Nicole Barthelemy, Hartmut Bertz, Federico Bozzetti, Ken Fearon, Elisabeth Hütterer, Elizabeth Isenring, Stein Kaasa, Zeljko Krznaric, Barry Laird, Maria Larsson, Alessandro Laviano, Stefan Mühlebach, Maurizio Muscaritoli, Line Oldervoll, Paula Ravasco, Tora Solheim, Florian Strasser, Marian de van der Schueren, Jean-Charles Preiser
Cancers are among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and the number of new cases is expected to rise significantly over the next decades. At the same time, all types of cancer treatment, such as surgery, radiation therapy, and pharmacological therapies are improving in sophistication, precision and in the power to target specific characteristics of individual cancers. Thus, while many cancers may still not be cured they may be converted to chronic diseases. All of these treatments, however, are impeded or precluded by the frequent development of malnutrition and metabolic derangements in cancer patients, induced by the tumor or by its treatment...
August 6, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Meiyun Zhang, Lihua Huang, Zhixian Fen, Lewen Sha, Lixia Chen
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been shown to be effective in mitigating various psychosocial impacts from breast cancer. Long-term studies have yielded mixed findings on the outcome of CBT in breast cancer settings, especially with respect to quality of life (QOL) and the quantified degree of stress (QDS). EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Medline, Cochrane, Embase, and Google Scholar databases were searched and randomized controlled trials relevant to the use of CBT and its variants in breast cancer patients were selected, and their pooled results meta-analyzed...
September 16, 2016: Minerva Medica
Edith Pituskin, Mark Haykowsky, Margaret McNeely, John Mackey, Neil Chua, Ian Paterson
BACKGROUND: Cancer is the leading cause of premature death in Canada. In the last decade, important gains in cancer survival have been achieved by advances in adjuvant treatment. However, many oncologic treatments also result in cardiovascular "toxicity". Furthermore, cardiac risk factors such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes mellitus are known to contribute to the progression of cardiac damage and clinical cardiotoxicity. As such, for many survivors, the risk of death from cardiac disease exceeds that of recurrent cancer...
September 15, 2016: BMC Cancer
Alix Hall, Marita Lynagh, Flora Tzelepis, Chris Paul, Jamie Bryant
Haematological cancer often necessitates that individuals make significant lifestyle and behaviour changes to protect themselves against infections. It is essential that haematological cancer survivors receive the support and information they require to adjust to such changes. This cross-sectional survey of 259 haematological cancer survivors found that over two thirds of haematological cancer survivors would like to receive more detailed information or help with: diet and nutrition that takes into account their diagnosis and treatment, how to manage the symptoms from the cancer and/or treatment, signs and symptoms to be aware of that may indicate a possible infection and appropriate exercise...
September 13, 2016: Annals of Hematology
Alyssa Le, Hannah-Rose Mitchell, Daniel J Zheng, Jaime Rotatori, John T Fahey, Kirsten K Ness, Nina S Kadan-Lottick
BACKGROUND: Over 70% of childhood cancer survivors develop late complications from therapy, many of which can be mitigated by physical activity. Survivors engage in exercise at similar or lower rates than their sedentary healthy peers. We piloted a novel home-based exercise intervention with a motivational activity tracker. We evaluated (i) feasibility, (ii) impact on activity levels and physical fitness, and (iii) barriers, preferences, and beliefs regarding physical activity. METHODS: Childhood cancer survivors currently 15 years or older and not meeting the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention physical activity guidelines were enrolled and instructed to wear the Fitbit One, a 4...
September 12, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Caroline S Kampshoff, Willem van Mechelen, Goof Schep, Marten R Nijziel, Lenja Witlox, Lisa Bosman, Mai J M Chinapaw, Johannes Brug, Laurien M Buffart
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was  to identify demographic, clinical, psychosocial, physical and environmental factors that are associated with participation in and adherence to a combined resistance and endurance exercise program among cancer survivors, shortly after completion of primary cancer treatment. Data from the randomized controlled Resistance and Endurance exercise After ChemoTherapy (REACT) study were used for this study. METHODS: The participants of the REACT study were randomly allocated to either a high intensity (HI) or low-to-moderate intensity (LMI) exercise program...
2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Maria Gabriella Giganti, Ilaria Tresoldi, Roberto Sorge, Giovanni Melchiorri, Tamara Triossi, Laura Masuelli, Paolo Lido, Loredana Albonici, Calogero Foti, Andrea Modesti, Roberto Bei
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) exhibit an important function in extracellular matrix degradation. MMPs modulate the activation of growth factors, cytokines and metastasis. At present, the effect of exercise on serum levels of MMP-2 and -9 remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of various physical activities on the circulating levels of MMP-2 and -9 in breast cancer (BC) survivors and healthy subjects. A total of 66 female subjects were enrolled in the present study. The cohort included 46 BC survivors and 20 healthy subjects divided into 5 groups: Group A (17 BC survivors, participating in recreational dragon boat paddling), group B (14 BC survivors, participating in recreational physical activity), group C (15 sedentary BC survivors), group D (10 healthy subjects, participating in recreational physical activity) and group E (10 sedentary healthy subjects)...
September 2016: Oncology Letters
Christine Dethlefsen, Christian Lillelund, Julie Midtgaard, Christina Andersen, Bente Klarlund Pedersen, Jesper Frank Christensen, Pernille Hojman
PURPOSE: Exercise decreases breast cancer risk and disease recurrence, but the underlying mechanisms are unknown. Training adaptations in systemic factors have been suggested as mediating causes. We aimed to examine if systemic adaptations to training over time, or acute exercise responses, in breast cancer survivors could regulate breast cancer cell viability in vitro. METHODS: Blood samples were collected from breast cancer survivors, partaking in either a 6-month training intervention or across a 2 h acute exercise session...
October 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Anna Lindgren, G Dunberger, A Enblom
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study is to describe how gynaecological cancer survivors (GCS) experience incontinence in relation to quality of life, their possibilities for physical activity and exercise and their perceptions and experiences of pelvic floor muscle training. METHOD: This qualitative interview content analysis study included 13 women (48-82 age) with urinary (n = 10) or faecal (n = 3) incontinence after radiation therapy (n = 2), surgery (n = 5) and surgery and radiation therapy (n = 6) for gynaecological cancer, 0...
September 5, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Gwendolyn A Thomas, Brenda Cartmel, Maura Harrigan, Martha Fiellin, Scott Capozza, Yang Zhou, Elizabeth Ercolano, Cary Gross, Dawn Hershman, Jennifer Ligibel, Kathryn Schmitz, Fang-Yong Li, Tara Sanft, Melinda L Irwin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Saskia van den Ende, Stacey Reading, Brendon Roxburgh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Gabriela Constantinescu, William Hodgetts, Dylan Scott, Kristina Kuffel, Ben King, Chris Brodt, Jana Rieger
Surface electromyography (sEMG) is used as an adjuvant to dysphagia therapy to demonstrate the activity of submental muscles during swallowing exercises. Mechanomyography (MMG) has been suggested as a potential superior alternative to sEMG; however, this advantage is not confirmed for signal acquired from submental muscles. This study compared the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) obtained from sEMG and MMG sensors during swallowing tasks, in healthy participants and those with a history of head and neck cancer (HNC), a population with altered anatomy and a high incidence of dysphagia...
August 26, 2016: Dysphagia
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