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Exercise cancer survivor

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642039/development-and-validation-of-a-screening-instrument-to-identify-cardiometabolic-predictors-of-mortality-in-older-individuals-with-cancer-secondary-analysis-of-the-australian-longitudinal-study-of-ageing-alsa
#1
Ethel Lim, Michelle Miller, Billingsley Kaambwa, Bogda Koczwara
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify significant cardiometabolic predictors of mortality among older cancer survivors and develop and validate a screening instrument to assess individual risk of mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study used collected data from the ALSA. Cox proportional hazards model was used to derive the risk equation for mortality that could be evaluated at 10years. Measures of discrimination and calibration were calculated in the validation cohort...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639097/effect-of-an-internet-based-telehealth-system-on-functional-capacity-and-cognition-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Noelia Galiano-Castillo, Manuel Arroyo-Morales, Mario Lozano-Lozano, Carolina Fernández-Lao, Lydia Martín-Martín, Rosario Del-Moral-Ávila, Irene Cantarero-Villanueva
PURPOSE: This trial determines the effect of an Internet-based tailored exercise program compared to usual care control for improving functional capacity and cognition among breast cancer survivors. METHODS: A two-arm, assessor-blinded, parallel, randomized controlled efficacy trial was conducted. Participants were recruited from the Oncology and Breast unit at the Virgen de las Nieves Hospital (Granada, Spain) between March 2012 to November 2013 and randomized to either the experimental group (an 8-week Internet-based tailored exercise program) or control group (usual care)...
June 22, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632239/feasibility-of-mind-body-movement-programs-for-cancer-survivors
#3
Kristine K Browning, Jennifer Kue, Felisha Lyons, Janine Overcash
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate mind-body movement exercise (MBME) classes (yoga, tai chi, and Qigong) for cancer survivors. 
. DESIGN: A single-group, repeated-measures design.
. SETTING: The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center-Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital in Columbus.
. SAMPLE: 33 adult cancer survivors, with any cancer diagnosis, participating in MBME classes.
. METHODS: The researchers sought to examine feasibility of multiple data collection time points and data collection measures; acceptability; and changes to physical, emotional, and biometric measures over time, as a result of participation in MBME classes...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627254/randomized-trial-of-a-lifestyle-physical-activity-intervention-for-breast-cancer-survivors-effects-on-transtheoretical-model-variables
#4
Stacie Scruggs, Scherezade K Mama, Cindy L Carmack, Tommy Douglas, Pamela Diamond, Karen Basen-Engquist
This study examined whether a physical activity intervention affects transtheoretical model (TTM) variables that facilitate exercise adoption in breast cancer survivors. Sixty sedentary breast cancer survivors were randomized to a 6-month lifestyle physical activity intervention or standard care. TTM variables that have been shown to facilitate exercise adoption and progress through the stages of change, including self-efficacy, decisional balance, and processes of change, were measured at baseline, 3 months, and 6 months...
June 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624715/impact-of-physical-activity-in-group-versus-individual-physical-activity-on-fatigue-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-pilot-study
#5
Christine Desbiens, Myriam Filion, Marie-Chantale Brien, Jean-Charles Hogue, Christian Laflamme, Julie Lemieux
BACKGROUND: Physical activity improves the quality of life of cancer survivors, but whether there is a difference between individual vs. group physical activity is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To compare fatigue at 12 weeks in breast cancer survivors after participation in a program of group vs. individual video-assisted physical activity. METHODS: This was a randomized phase II pilot study carried out in breast cancer survivors at a tertiary breast cancer center...
June 15, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620700/gender-varying-associations-between-physical-activity-intensity-and-mental-quality-of-life-in-older-cancer-survivors
#6
David E Conroy, Kathleen Y Wolin, Cindy K Blair, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried
PURPOSE: Physical activity can enhance quality of life in cancer survivors, but this conclusion is based largely on research linking moderate-to-vigorous physical activity with quality of life. Light-intensity physical activity may be more feasible than more strenuous exercise for many older cancer survivors. This study reports a secondary analysis of baseline data from a lifestyle behavior intervention trial and examines the hypothesis that older cancer survivors who engage in more light-intensity physical activity, independent of moderate-to-vigorous activity, will report better mental quality of life...
June 15, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619304/the-prevalence-rate-of-deviations-in-body-constitutions-and-related-factors-in-follow-up-stage-breast-cancer-patients-a-nationwide-study
#7
Shu-Chuan Amy Lin, Pei-Yi Chu, Li-Li Chen, Yi-Chang Su, Shin-Mae Wang
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to apply a rigorous traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) body constitution questionnaire (BCQ) to survey the prevalence rate of deviations in body constitution and to explore the health-related lifestyle behavior factors of deviations in body constitution. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was administered through postal mail. Subjects were recruited from a national organization for breast cancer patients (Taiwan Breast Cancer Alliance)...
June 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617061/cancer-related-fatigue-and-muscle-quality-in-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-survivors
#8
Filipe Dinato de Lima, Martim Bottaro, Ritielli de Oliveira Valeriano, Lorena Cruz, Claudio L Battaglini, Carlos Alexandre Vieira, Ricardo Jacó de Oliveira
The purpose of this study was to compare fatigue, strength, body composition, muscle thickness, and muscle quality between Hodgkin's lymphoma survivors (HLS) and apparently healthy subjects matched by age, gender, and physical activity levels (CON). Twelve HLS (32.16 ± 8.06) and 36 CON (32.42 ± 7.64) were enrolled in the study. Fatigue was assessed using the 20-item Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory, muscle strength using an isokinetic dynamometer, body composition using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and thickness and muscle quality using B-mode ultrasound...
June 1, 2017: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592583/rehabilitation-interventions-to-improve-patient-reported-outcomes-and-physical-fitness-in-survivors-of-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-a-systematic-review-protocol
#9
Elke Rammant, Renée Bultijnck, Nora Sundahl, Piet Ost, Nele S Pauwels, Benedicte Deforche, Ronny Pieters, Karel Decaestecker, Valérie Fonteyne
INTRODUCTION: Survivors of muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) experience physical and psychosocial side effects of cancer diagnosis and treatment. These negative side effects have a crucial impact on their health-related quality of life (HRQoL). To date, there is evidence that rehabilitation interventions such as physical activity and psychosocial support have a positive effect on the HRQoL of cancer survivors. Unfortunately, there are no specific guidelines for rehabilitation or survivorship programmes for MIBC survivors...
June 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584169/the-effects-of-physical-activity-and-body-fat-mass-on-colorectal-polyp-recurrence-in-patients-with-previous-colorectal-cancer
#10
Jihye Park, Jae Hyun Kim, Hyun Jung Lee, Soo Jung Park, Sung Pil Hong, Jae Hee Cheon, Won Ho Kim, Ji Soo Park, Justin Y Jeon, Tae Il Kim
We aimed to identify the effects of physical activity and body composition on colorectal polyp recurrence in patients with previous colorectal cancer. Three hundred patients were selected randomly from the colorectal cancer survivor cohort of Severance Hospital, Seoul, Korea. Patients reported various recreational physical activities, and received surveillance colonoscopy. Body composition was measured with a body composition analyzer. We compared patients who exercised for at least 1 h/week (active) with those who exercised less frequently or not at all (sedentary)...
June 5, 2017: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580396/combined-aerobic-and-resistance-training-improves-bone-health-of-female-cancer-survivors
#11
Hawley C Almstedt, Silvie Grote, Joshua R Korte, Stephanie Perez Beaudion, Todd C Shoepe, Sarah Strand, Heather P Tarleton
INTRODUCTION: Cancer pathogenesis and resulting treatment may lead to bone loss and poor skeletal health in survivorship. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the influence of 26 weeks of combined aerobic and resistance-training (CART) exercise on bone mineral density (BMD) in a multi-racial sample of female cancer survivors. METHODS: Twenty-six female cancer survivors volunteered to undergo CART for 1 h/day, 3 days/week, for 26 weeks. The Improving Physical Activity After Cancer Treatment (IMPAACT) Program involves supervised group exercise sessions including 20 min of cardiorespiratory training, 25 min of circuit-style resistance-training, and 15 min of abdominal exercises and stretching...
December 2016: Bone Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575241/reduced-fitness-and-physical-functioning-are-long-term-sequelae-after-curative-treatment-for-esophageal-cancer-a-matched-control-study
#12
J A Gannon, E M Guinan, S L Doyle, P Beddy, J V Reynolds, J Hussey
Reduced physical functioning is common following resections for esophageal cancer; however, objective data on physical performance outcomes in this cohort are rare. The aim of this study was to assess the physical performance and health related quality of life (HRQOL) of disease free survivors and compare findings in a case matched noncancer control group. Twenty-five males (mean (±SD) aged 63 (±6) years) who were over 6 months postesophagectomy and disease-free were compared with 25 controls (60 ± 6 years)...
August 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569124/low-bone-mineral-density-is-associated-with-breast-cancer-in-postmenopausal-women-a-case-control-study
#13
P Ferreira Poloni, H De Luca Vespoli, B de Sousa Almeida-Filho, F Bueloni-Dias, J Nahas-Neto, E Aguiar Petri Nahas
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate risk factors for low bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal breast cancer survivors compared with postmenopausal women without breast cancer (controls). METHOD: In this study, 112 breast cancer survivors were compared to 224 women (controls). Inclusion criteria were amenorrhea ≥12 months, age 45-75 years, treated for breast cancer, and metastasis-free for at least 5 years. The control group consisted of women without breast cancer, matched by age and menopause status (in a proportion of 1: 2 as sample calculation)...
June 1, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561685/lifestyle-interventions-to-improve-cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-reduce-breast-cancer-recurrence
#14
Mark J Haykowsky, Jessica M Scott, Kathryn Hudson, Neelima Denduluri
As patients are living longer after a cancer diagnosis, survivorship is becoming increasingly important in cancer care. The sequelae of multimodality therapies include weight gain and decreased cardiorespiratory fitness, which increase cardiovascular risk. Evidence suggests that physical activity reduces the risk of breast cancer recurrence and death. Avoidance of weight gain after therapy also improves outcomes after a diagnosis of breast cancer. Prospective randomized trials must be performed to determine the benefits of specific physical activity and dietary habits for survivors of breast cancer...
2017: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557849/monitoring-resistance-exercise-intensity-via-rpe-in-previously-untrained-patients-with-prostate-cancer-undergoing-androgen-deprivation-therapy
#15
C M Fairman, R L LaFountain, A R Lucas, B C Focht
Exercise has been shown to be safe and effective for prostate cancer (PrCa) patients. The monitoring of resistance exercise (RE) intensity is an emerging area of interest in RE prescription. Rating of perceived exertion (RPE) is one of the most commonly used methods, but has not yet been validated in this population. Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between RPE and RE intensity in PrCa. Data for this study were abstracted from baseline upper and lower body strength assessments from two previous trials (IDEA-P; Livestrong) in our laboratory investigating functional outcomes in PrCa patients undergoing androgen deprivation therapy (ADT)...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547655/sexual-health-needs-and-educational-intervention-preferences-for-women-with-cancer
#16
Cara Stabile, Shari Goldfarb, Raymond E Baser, Deborah J Goldfrank, Nadeem R Abu-Rustum, Richard R Barakat, Maura N Dickler, Jeanne Carter
PURPOSE: To assess sexual/vaginal health issues and educational intervention preferences in women with a history of breast or gynecologic cancer. METHODS: Patients/survivors completed a cross-sectional survey at their outpatient visits. Main outcome measures were sexual dysfunction prevalence, type of sexual/vaginal issues, awareness of treatments, and preferred intervention modalities. Descriptive frequencies were performed, and results were dichotomized by age, treatment status, and disease site...
May 25, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525464/the-cardiac-rehabilitation-model-improves-fitness-quality-of-life-and-depression-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#17
Lianne B Dolan, Danielle Barry, Teresa Petrella, Lindsay Davey, Ann Minnes, Allison Yantzi, Susan Marzolini, Paul Oh
PURPOSE: Exercise is a demonstrated, therapeutic strategy for cancer survivors to minimize many treatment-induced side effects and may decrease risk of recurrence. Nonetheless, structured programs that combine exercise and education are not yet standardized within cancer care. The Health, Exercise, Active Living, Therapeutic lifestyle (HEALTh) program is a clinical exercise program based on the established cardiac rehabilitation model, but customized for female breast cancer survivors...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470507/time-course-of-upper-limb-function-and-return-to-work-post-radiotherapy-in-young-adults-with-breast-cancer-a-pilot-randomized-control-trial-on-effects-of-targeted-exercise-program
#18
Marize Ibrahim, Thierry Muanza, Nadia Smirnow, Warren Sateren, Beatrice Fournier, Petr Kavan, Michael Palumbo, Richard Dalfen, Mary-Ann Dalzell
PURPOSE: Breast cancer (BC) diagnosis in young adults (YA) is rising, and both disease and treatments are aggressive in this population. Evidence supports the use of physical activity in reducing shoulder dysfunction, which is common among BC survivors. A pilot randomized clinical trial was performed to determine the effectiveness of a 12-week post-radiation exercise program in minimizing upper extremity dysfunction in YA with BC. METHODS: Participants were randomized to either an exercise arm or a control arm receiving standard care...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470368/breast-cancer-survivors-preferences-for-technology-supported-exercise-interventions
#19
Siobhan M Phillips, David E Conroy, Sarah Kozey Keadle, Christine A Pellegrini, Gillian R Lloyd, Frank J Penedo, Bonnie Spring
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore breast cancer survivors' interest in and preferences for technology-supported exercise interventions. METHODS: Post-treatment survivors [n = 279; M age = 60.7 (SD = 9.7)] completed a battery of online questionnaires in August 2015. Descriptive statistics were calculated for all data. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine relationships between survivors' interest in a technology-supported exercise interventions and demographic, disease, and behavioral factors...
May 3, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470090/rethinking-barriers-a-novel-conceptualization-of-exercise-barriers-in-cancer-survivors
#20
Morgan S Lee, Brent J Small, Paul B Jacobsen
Previous research suggests different types of barriers may demonstrate different relationships with intention to engage in health behaviors. This study explored global, practical, and health-related barriers' relationships with exercise intention and behavior among cancer survivors. The mediating role of intention in the barriers-behavior relationships was also evaluated. Cancer survivors (N = 152) completed self-report measures of exercise barriers, intention, and behavior at baseline and of exercise behavior two months later...
May 4, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
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