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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243165/ease-of-walking-associates-with-greater-free-living-physical-activity-and-reduced-depressive-symptomology-in-breast-cancer-survivors-pilot-randomized-trial
#1
Stephen J Carter, Gary R Hunter, Lyse A Norian, Bulent Turan, Laura Q Rogers
PURPOSE: We hypothesized exercise training-induced improvements in ease of walking would associate with favorable changes in objectively measured physical activity (PA) and self-reported depressive symptoms following a PA behavior-change intervention in non-metastatic breast cancer survivors (BCS). METHODS: Twenty-seven BCS received random assignment to an intervention (INT) or control group (CON). INT included counseling/group discussions coupled with supervised exercise tapered to unsupervised exercise...
December 14, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241893/value-of-implementation-of-strategies-to-increase-the-adherence-of-health-professionals-and-cancer-survivors-to-guideline-based-physical-exercise
#2
Janne C Mewes, Lotte M G Steuten, Charlotte IJsbrandy, Maarten J IJzerman, Wim H van Harten
BACKGROUND: To increase the adherence of health professionals and cancer survivors to evidence-based physical exercise, effective implementation strategies (ISTs) are required. OBJECTIVES: To examine to what extent these ISTs provide value for money and which IST has the highest expected value. METHODS: The net benefit framework of health economic evaluations is used to conduct a value-of-implementation analysis of nine ISTs. Seven are directed to health professionals and two to cancer survivors...
December 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238222/the-burden-of-selected-cancers-in-the-us-health-behaviors-and-health-care-resource-utilization
#3
Laura Iadeluca, Jack Mardekian, Pratibha Chander, Markay Hopps, Geoffrey T Makinson
Objective: To characterize the disease burden among survivors of those cancers having the highest incidence in the US. Methods: Adult (≥18 years) survivors of the 11 most frequently diagnosed cancers were identified from publically available data sources, including the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results 9 1973-2012, National Health Interview Survey 2013, and the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey 2011. Chi-square tests and one-way analyses of variance were utilized to assess differences between cancer survivors and non-cancer controls in behavioral characteristics, symptoms and functions, preventative screenings, and health care costs...
2017: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222705/tai-chi-and-qigong-for-cancer-related-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Peter M Wayne, M S Lee, J Novakowski, K Osypiuk, J Ligibel, L E Carlson, R Song
PURPOSE: This study aims to summarize and critically evaluate the effects of Tai Chi and Qigong (TCQ) mind-body exercises on symptoms and quality of life (QOL) in cancer survivors. METHODS: A systematic search in four electronic databases targeted randomized and non-randomized clinical studies evaluating TCQ for fatigue, sleep difficulty, depression, pain, and QOL in cancer patients, published through August 2016. Meta-analysis was used to estimate effect sizes (ES, Hedges' g) and publication bias for randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215907/chemotherapy-and-cognitive-impairment-an-animal-model-approach
#5
Gordon Winocur
A substantial number of cancer survivors who undergo chemotherapy report cognitive disturbances that severely limit daily function (chemobrain). Despite supportive neuropsychological evidence, there is controversy over whether cognitive impairment is caused by the chemotherapy or is the result of potentially confounding factors that include the disease itself, age, and psychological stress. Our research program, conducted on rodents, has confirmed that a range of cognitive processes, mediated in particular by hippocampal and prefrontal brain regions, are affected by anticancer drugs in combination with tumor development and that many of the effects are long lasting...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210001/high-intensity-exercise-interventions-in-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-review-exploring-the-impact-on-health-outcomes
#6
REVIEW
Kellie Toohey, Kate Pumpa, Andrew McKune, Julie Cooke, Stuart Semple
PURPOSE: There is an increasing body of evidence underpinning high-intensity exercise as an effective and time-efficient intervention for improving health in cancer survivors. The aim of this study was to, (1) evaluate the efficacy and (2) the safety of high-intensity exercise interventions in improving selected health outcomes in cancer survivors. METHODS: Design Systematic review. Data sources Google Scholar and EBSCO, CINAHL Plus, Computers and Applied Sciences Complete, Health Source-Consumer Edition, Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition, MEDLINE, Web of Science and SPORTDiscuss from inception up until August 2017...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207962/a-partially-supervised-physical-activity-program-for-adult-and-adolescent-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-surfit-study-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-nct02730767
#7
Corina S Rueegg, Susi Kriemler, Simeon J Zuercher, Christina Schindera, Andrea Renner, Helge Hebestreit, Christian Meier, Prisca Eser, Nicolas X von der Weid
BACKGROUND: Beyond survival of nowadays >80%, modern childhood cancer treatment strives to preserve long-term health and quality of life. However, the majority of today's survivors suffer from short- and long-term adverse effects such as cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases, obesity, osteoporosis, fatigue, depression, and reduced physical fitness and quality of life. Regular exercise can play a major role to mitigate or prevent such late-effects. Despite this, there are no data on the effects of regular exercise in childhood cancer survivors from randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
December 5, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204942/spectrum-of-health-condition-in-methyl-isocyanate-mic-exposed-survivors-measured-after-30%C3%A2-years-of-disaster
#8
Bani Bandana Ganguly, Shouvik Mandal, Nitin N Kadam
Health effects of methyl isocyanate (MIC) exposure were mostly reported on the one-time acute exposure in Bhopal population. Epidemiological survey conducted by the Indian apex body of health research has been reported as Technical Reports, which were lacking in peer review by the expert epidemiologic scientists. The present pilot survey was aimed to measure the health effects 30 years post disaster in MIC-exposed survivors. Questionnaire-based survey has captured every health complaint in 168 individuals and grouped as systemic functions for interpreting the long-term effects of MIC...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204709/modality-of-exercise-influences-rate-of-decrease-in-depression-for-cancer-survivors-with-elevated-depressive-symptomatology
#9
Gregory T Levin, Kenneth M Greenwood, Favil Singh, Robert U Newton
PURPOSE: This three-arm feasibility controlled trial examined whether different exercise modalities provide reductions in depression symptoms to cancer survivors with elevated depression. METHODS: Thirty-two participants (58.9 ± 9.4 years) were allocated to a 12-week supervised exercise group (EX; n = 10), a self-managed home-based exercise group (SMHB; n = 8), or a usual care control group (CONT; n = 14). EX performed two supervised resistance and aerobic sessions per week...
December 4, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199362/self-management-interventions-for-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-review
#10
Lauren Boland, Kathleen Bennett, Deirdre Connolly
PURPOSE: Many cancer survivors experience problems with persisting symptoms such as pain, fatigue, anxiety and depression post-treatment. Self-management interventions are recommended for cancer patients as they can help individuals identify and manage these continuing symptoms. This systematic review examines the type, content and impact of self-management interventions for cancer survivors on health outcomes such as activity participation, self-efficacy, quality of life and symptom management...
December 4, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197373/health-related-quality-of-life-in-long-term-survivors-of-unresectable-locally-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#11
Juntao Ran, Jingbo Wang, Nan Bi, Wei Jiang, Zongmei Zhou, Zhouguang Hui, Jun Liang, Qinfu Feng, Luhua Wang
BACKGROUND: Heath-related quality of life (HRQoL) among survivors with unresectable locally-advanced non-small cell lung cancer (LA-NSCLC) treated with radiotherapy and chemotherapy still is not clear. The current study were performed to determine HRQoL for long-term survivors with unresectable LA-NSCLC and to identify risk factors for poor HRQoL. METHODS: Among patients with LA-NSCLC receiving radiotherapy and chemotherapy between January 2006 and December 2010, 82 long-term survivors beyond 5 years were identified in this cross-sectional study...
December 2, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194066/exercise-as-an-intervention-to-mitigate-decreased-cognitive-function-from-cancer-and-cancer-treatment-an-integrative-review
#12
Jamie S Myers, Kirk I Erickson, Susan M Sereika, Catherine M Bender
BACKGROUND: Decreased cognitive function associated with non-central nervous system cancers and cancer treatment significantly affects cancer survivors' quality of life. Exercise may be an effective intervention to mitigate decreased cognitive function. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to conduct an integrative review to summarize and critique the available evidence related to the use of exercise as a potential intervention for decreased cognitive function from cancer and cancer treatment...
November 29, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193416/healthcare-professionals-knowledge-and-practice-of-physical-activity-promotion-in-cancer-care-challenges-and-solutions
#13
M Cantwell, D Walsh, B Furlong, N Moyna, N McCaffrey, L Boran, S Smyth, C Woods
Limited research exists regarding healthcare professionals' knowledge and practice of physical activity promotion for cancer survivors in Ireland. There is also a lack of research identifying the barriers experienced by oncology professionals when promoting physical activity, or referring patients to community-based exercise programmes. This study aims to identify healthcare professionals' knowledge, barriers and practices in relation to physical activity promotion for cancer survivors, and to generate guidance regarding the optimisation of the referral process to community-based exercise programmes...
November 29, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187408/review-of-systematic-reviews-of-non-pharmacological-interventions-to-improve-quality-of-life-in-cancer-survivors
#14
Morvwen Duncan, Elisavet Moschopoulou, Eldrid Herrington, Jennifer Deane, Rebecca Roylance, Louise Jones, Liam Bourke, Adrienne Morgan, Trudie Chalder, Mohamed A Thaha, Stephanie C Taylor, Ania Korszun, Peter D White, Kamaldeep Bhui
OBJECTIVES: Over two million people in the UK are living with and beyond cancer. A third report diminished quality of life. DESIGN: A review of published systematic reviews to identify effective non-pharmacological interventions to improve the quality of life of cancer survivors. DATA SOURCES: Databases searched until May 2017 included PubMed, Cochrane Central, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Web of Science, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and PsycINFO...
November 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185105/barriers-and-facilitators-of-exercise-experienced-by-cancer-survivors-a-mixed-methods-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Briana K Clifford, David Mizrahi, Carolina X Sandler, Benjamin K Barry, David Simar, Claire E Wakefield, David Goldstein
PURPOSE: Exercise has been shown to improve the health and well-being of people who have survived cancer. Yet, less than 40% of cancer survivors in Australia meet the recommended 150 min of moderate-intensity physical activity per week. Our objective was to systematically review the literature regarding barriers, facilitators and preferences for exercise for survivors of cancer. METHOD: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO and Scopus were searched for qualitative and quantitative articles addressing barriers, facilitators and preferences for exercise in cancer survivors...
November 28, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183022/rehabilitation-of-cancer-survivors-with-long-term-toxicities
#16
Jan Schmielau, Oliver Rick, Monika Reuss-Borst, Eva-Maria Kalusche-Bontemps, Monika Steimann
The prognosis of cancer patients is constantly improving, which increases the importance of securing long-term quality of life. While therapy of treatment-related disability mostly succeeds a cancer-specific treatment, physicians' awareness of simultaneous supportive therapy is rising. Early interventions such as physical exercise during chemotherapy are effective in reducing conditions such as fatigue. Specific sensorimotor training is able to improve or even prevent impairment of balance caused by neurotoxic agents...
2017: Oncology Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172012/do-whole-body-vibration-exercises-affect-lower-limbs-neuromuscular-activity-in-populations-with-a-medical-condition-a-systematic-review
#17
Carla Fontoura Dionello, Patrícia Lopes de Souza, Danubia Sá-Caputo, Danielle Soares Morel, Eloá Moreira-Marconi, Laisa Liane Paineiras-Domingos, Eric Heleno Freire Ferreira Frederico, Eliane Guedes-Aguiar, Patricia de Castro Paiva, Redha Taiar, Xavier Chiementin, Pedro J Marín, Mario Bernardo-Filho
BACKGROUND: The use of surface electromyography (sEMG) to evaluate muscle activation when executing whole body vibration exercises (WBVE) in studies provide neuromuscular findings, in healthy and diseased populations. OBJECTIVES: Perform a systematic review of the effects of WBVE by sEMG of lower limbs in non-healthy populations. METHODS: The search using the defined keywords was performed in PubMed, PEDRo and EMBASE databases by three independent researchers...
2017: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168064/adipose-tissue-inflammation-in-breast-cancer-survivors-effects-of-a-16-week-combined-aerobic-and-resistance-exercise-training-intervention
#18
Christina M Dieli-Conwright, Jean-Hugues Parmentier, Nathalie Sami, Kyuwan Lee, Darcy Spicer, Wendy J Mack, Fred Sattler, Steven D Mittelman
PURPOSE: Obesity is a leading modifiable contributor to breast cancer mortality due to its association with increased recurrence and decreased overall survival rate. Obesity stimulates cancer progression through chronic, low-grade inflammation in white adipose tissue, leading to accumulation of adipose tissue macrophages (ATMs), in particular, the pro-inflammatory M1 phenotype macrophage. Exercise has been shown to reduce M1 ATMs and increase the more anti-inflammatory M2 ATMs in obese adults...
November 22, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168034/physical-activity-among-cancer-survivors-what-is-their-perception-and-experience
#19
Jan-Christoph Höh, Thorsten Schmidt, Jutta Hübner
PURPOSE: Physical activity (PA) plays an important role relating to cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the attitude to and experience with the subject of PA in cancer in a large group of tumour patients. METHODS: A standardised questionnaire was carried out and distributed to patients online and in printed form. RESULTS: Nine hundred five patients answered the questionnaire. Most tumour patients (60%) received information about PA after their cancer therapy...
November 22, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162619/updated-systematic-review-of-exercise-studies-in-breast-cancer-survivors-attention-to-the-principles-of-exercise-training
#20
REVIEW
Sarah E Neil-Sztramko, Kerri M Winters-Stone, Kelcey A Bland, Kristin L Campbell
OBJECTIVES: To update our previous evaluation of the exercise interventions used in randomised controlled trials of breast cancer survivors in relation to (1) the application of the principles of exercise training in the exercise prescription; (2) the reporting of the components of the exercise prescription; and (3) the reporting of adherence of participants to the prescribed interventions. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: The OVID Medline, Embase, CINAHL and SPORTDiscus electronic databases were searched from January 2010 to January 2017...
November 21, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
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