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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055139/exploratory-study-of-impact-of-cancer-related-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-on-diabetes-self-management-among-cancer-survivors
#1
Janey James, Yael T Harris, Ian M Kronish, Juan P Wisnivesky, Jenny J Lin
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) can be triggered by a diagnosis of a potentially life-threatening illness such as cancer. Little is known about the impact of cancer-related PTSS symptoms on self-management behaviors for comorbid chronic medical conditions such as diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: We recruited patients with DM and a recent diagnosis of early-stage cancer from two medical centers in New York City. Cancer-related PTSS were assessed using the Impact of Events scale (IES, score ≥26)...
October 21, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036032/a-physiological-profile-of-ovarian-cancer-survivors-to-inform-tailored-exercise-interventions-and-the-development-of-exercise-oncology-guidelines
#2
Christelle Schofield, Robert U Newton, Daniel A Galvão, Paul A Cohen, Carolyn J Peddle-McIntyre
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity has become increasingly important in supportive cancer care. However, physical activity and exercise guidelines for ovarian cancer survivors remain generic. The aim of this narrative review is to summarize existing data regarding the physiological characteristics (treatment-related adverse effects, concurrent comorbidities, body weight and composition, physical fitness and function, and physical activity behavior) of ovarian cancer survivors to further understanding of their cancer-specific physical activity and exercise needs...
September 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034438/the-pathways-fertility-preservation-decision-aid-website-for-women-with-cancer-development-and-field-testing
#3
Terri L Woodard, Aubri S Hoffman, Laura A Covarrubias, Deborah Holman, Leslie Schover, Andrea Bradford, Derek B Hoffman, Aakrati Mathur, Jerah Thomas, Robert J Volk
PURPOSE: To improve survivors' awareness and knowledge of fertility preservation counseling and treatment options, this study engaged survivors and providers to design, develop, and field-test Pathways: a fertility preservation patient decision aid website for young women with cancer©. METHODS: Using an adapted user-centered design process, our stakeholder advisory group and research team designed and optimized the Pathways patient decision aid website through four iterative cycles of review and revision with clinicians (n = 21) and survivors (n = 14)...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026725/effects-of-exercise-training-on-physical-fitness-and-biomarker-levels-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#4
REVIEW
Tae Ho Kim, Jae Seung Chang, In Deok Kong
BACKGROUND: Exercise has been identified as a beneficial intervention to enhance quality of life in breast cancer survivors. In addition, there has been a noteworthy increase in studies emphasizing the benefits of exercise in cancer. We sought to summarize the empirical literature concerning the effects of exercise on physical fitness and biomarker levels in breast cancer survivors according to the type of exercise. METHODS: We searched PubMed and PubMed Central for studies on the association of exercise with the levels of various biomarkers and physical fitness in breast cancer survivors...
July 2017: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025506/maintenance-of-lifestyle-changes-at-12-month-follow-up-in-a-nutrition-and-physical-activity-trial-for-cancer-survivors
#5
Fiona G Stacey, David R Lubans, Kathy Chapman, Alessandra Bisquera, Erica L James
OBJECTIVES: In this paper, we report maintenance of behavior change in a nutrition and physical activity intervention for cancer survivors at 12-months follow-up. METHODS: The ENRICH (Exercise and Nutrition Routine Improving Cancer Health) program was an 8-week face-to-face program for cancer survivors and caregivers, focused on healthy eating, healthy weight, resistance training, and a walking program. Randomized controlled trial participants completed a survey and 7-days of pedometry at baseline, 8-weeks, and 20-weeks...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018781/association-between-health-behaviors-and-family-history-of-cancer-in-cancer-survivors-data-from-the-korean-genome-and-epidemiology-study
#6
Minji Hwang, Boyoung Park
BACKGROUND: We compared health behaviors, including current smoking, alcohol drinking, regular exercise, obesity, and abdominal obesity, among Korean cancer survivors with and without family history of cancer. METHODS: This study included 5,247 cancer survivors with family history of cancer (1,894 with and 3,353 without), who were recruited from the Health Examinee cohort. Health behaviors were identified using questionnaire. Adjusted ORs (aORs) between health behaviors and family history of cancer were estimated by multivariate logistic regression analysis adjusted for sociodemographic factors...
September 2017: Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018055/dose-response-effects-of-exercise-on-insulin-among-colon-cancer-survivors
#7
Justin Brown, Michael Rickels, Andrea Troxel, Babette Zemel, Nevena Damjanov, Bonnie Ky, Andrew Rhim, Anil Rustgi, Kerry S Courneya, Kathryn Schmitz
Physical activity is associated with a lower risk of disease recurrence among colon cancer survivors. The pathways through which physical activity may alter disease outcomes are unknown, but may include changes in metabolic growth factors, such as insulin. METHODS: Between January 2015 and August 2015, 39 stage I-III colon cancer survivors were randomized to one of three groups: usual-care control, 150 min∙wk-1 of aerobic exercise (low-dose), and 300 min∙wk-1 of aerobic exercise (high-dose) for six months...
October 10, 2017: Endocrine-related Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017754/health-behavior-and-quality-of-life-outcome-in-breast-cancer-survivors-prevalence-rates-and-predictors
#8
Anne Oberguggenberger, Verena Meraner, Monika Sztankay, Anja Hilbert, Michael Hubalek, Bernhard Holzner, Eva Gamper, Georg Kemmler, Teresa Baumgartner, Isabelle Lackinger, Barbara Sperner-Unterweger, Barbara Mangweth-Matzek
PURPOSE: Health behavior (HB) has been identified as contributing to breast cancer (BC) disease outcome. The present study was subjected to gain more in-depth insight into breast cancer survivors' (BCS) HB and its associations with patient quality of life (QOL) outcome. We investigated HB focusing on eating disturbances comparing the latter with a reference population sample (PS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The research cohort included 303 BCS completing a comprehensive patient-reported-outcome assessment on HB (eating disturbances, exercise, substance use) and QOL...
September 18, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993394/recruitment-adherence-and-retention-of-endometrial-cancer-survivors-in-a-behavioural-lifestyle-programme-the-diet-and-exercise-in-uterine-cancer-survivors-deus-parallel-randomised-pilot-trial
#9
Dimitrios A Koutoukidis, Rebecca J Beeken, Ranjit Manchanda, Moscho Michalopoulou, Matthew Burnell, M Tish Knobf, Anne Lanceley
OBJECTIVE: Healthy eating and physical activity may help endometrial cancer survivors (ECS) improve their quality of life. However, most ECS do not meet the relevant guidelines. This pilot trial aimed to test the study feasibility procedures for a definitive trial of a behavioural lifestyle programme. DESIGN AND SETTING: This 24-week parallel two-arm randomised pilot trial took place in two hospitals in London, UK (April 2015-June 2016). PARTICIPANTS: Sixty disease-free ECS within 3 years of diagnosis...
October 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992856/cancer-related-fatigue-in-cancer-survivorship
#10
REVIEW
Chidinma C Ebede, Yongchang Jang, Carmen P Escalante
Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) significantly interferes with usual functioning because of the distressing sense of physical, emotional, and cognitive exhaustion. Assessment of CRF is important and should be performed during the initial cancer diagnosis, throughout cancer treatment, and after treatment using a fatigue scoring scale (mild-severe). The general approach to CRF management applies to cancer survivors at all fatigue levels and includes education, counseling, and other strategies. Nonpharmacologic interventions include psychosocial interventions, exercise, yoga, physically based therapy, dietary management, and sleep therapy...
November 2017: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991039/heavy-load-lifting-acute-response-in-breast-cancer-survivors-at-risk-for-lymphedema
#11
Kira Bloomquist, Peter Oturai, Megan L Steele, Lis Adamsen, Tom Møller, Karl Bang Christensen, Bent Ejlertsen, Sandra C Hayes
PURPOSE: Despite a paucity of evidence, prevention guidelines typically advise avoidance of heavy lifting in an effort to protect against breast cancer-related lymphedema. This study compared acute responses in arm swelling and related symptoms after low- and heavy-load resistance exercise among women at risk of lymphedema while receiving adjuvant taxane-based chemotherapy. METHODS: This is a randomized, cross-over equivalence trial. Women receiving adjuvant taxane-based chemotherapy for breast cancer who had undergone axillary lymph node dissection (n=21) participated in low- (60-65% 1 repetition maximum (RM), two sets of 15-20 repetitions) and heavy-load (85-90% 1RM, three sets of 5-8 repetition) upper-extremity resistance exercise separated by a one-week wash-out period...
October 4, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991038/exercise-prescription-and-adherence-for-breast-cancer-one-size-does-not-fitt-all
#12
Amy A Kirkham, Alis Bonsignore, Kelcey A Bland, Donald C McKenzie, Karen A Gelmon, Cheri L Van Patten, Kristin L Campbell
PURPOSE: To prospectively assess adherence to oncologist-referred, exercise programming consistent with current recommendations for cancer survivors among women with early breast cancer across the trajectory of adjuvant treatment. METHODS: Sixty-eight women participated in supervised, hour-long, moderate-intensity, aerobic and resistance exercise 3x/week during adjuvant chemotherapy ± radiation, with a step-down in frequency for 20 additional weeks. Adherence to exercise frequency (i...
October 5, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987237/effect-of-home-based-exercise-intervention-on-fasting-insulin-and-adipocytokines-in-colorectal-cancer-survivors-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Mi Kyung Lee, Ji-Young Kim, Dong-Il Kim, Dong-Woo Kang, Ji-Hye Park, Ki-Yong Ahn, Hyuk In Yang, Dong Hoon Lee, Yun Ho Roh, Ji-Won Lee, Sang-Hui Chu, Jeffrey A Meyerhardt, Lee W Jones, Nam-Kyu Kim, Justin Y Jeon
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Elevated circulating insulin is associated with increased risk of recurrence and cancer mortality in early-stage colorectal cancer (CRC). We conducted a randomized controlled trial to determine the effect of a 12-week home-based exercise program on fasting insulin, adipocytokines, and physical function in CRC survivors. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-three stage II-III CRC patients were randomly assigned to either a home-based exercise (n=62) or standard care control group (n=61) for 12weeks...
November 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971226/the-effect-of-exercise-on-bone-mineral-density-in-adult-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
J Dalla Via, R M Daly, S F Fraser
PURPOSE: Certain cancer treatments are associated with bone loss and increased fracture risk. Weight-bearing impact exercise, resistance training or the combination, are recommended to preserve or improve bone mineral density (BMD) inhealthy older adults, but their efficacy in cancer survivors is less well understood. The aim of this systematic review with meta-analysis of randomised control trials (RCT) was to review the evidence regarding the role of exercise to counteract cancer treatment-induced bone loss...
October 2, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942913/a-focused-review-of-safety-considerations-in-cancer-rehabilitation
#15
REVIEW
Susan Maltser, Adrian Cristian, Julie K Silver, G Stephen Morris, Nicole L Stout
Cancer and its treatments introduce various adverse effects that may affect survivors' physical, cognitive and psychological functioning. Frequently both tolerance to activity and exercise are affected as well. Rehabilitation providers should have substantive knowledge about the effect of cancer progression and common side effects associated with antineoplastic treatment to safely integrate rehabilitation interventions. Rehabilitation may mitigate loss of function and disability; however, these patients are among the most medically complex that providers treat...
September 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942910/improving-functional-mobility-in-children-and-adolescents-undergoing-treatment-for-non-central-nervous-system-cancers-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Katherine Wacker, Lynn Tanner, Jessica Ovans, Jeffrey Mason, Laura Gilchrist
BACKGROUND: Childhood cancers and subsequent treatments can leave survivors with impairments that may lead to decreased physical performance. Rehabilitation can be an important component of promoting improved physical function in children and adolescents undergoing treatment for cancer. OBJECTIVE: To review and synthesize evidence for nonsurgical, nonpharmacologic, rehabilitation interventions for children and adolescents undergoing treatment for non-central nervous system cancers aimed at improving their physical impairments and functional mobility limitations...
September 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942905/the-case-for-prehabilitation-prior-to-breast-cancer-treatment
#17
REVIEW
Daniel Santa Mina, Priya Brahmbhatt, Christian Lopez, Jennifer Baima, Chelsia Gillis, Lianne Trachtenberg, Julie K Silver
Cancer rehabilitation in breast cancer survivors is well established, and there are many studies that focus on interventions to treat impairments as well as therapeutic exercise. However, very little is known about the role of prehabilitation for people with breast cancer. In this narrative review, we describe contemporary clinical management of breast cancer and associated treatment-related morbidity and mortality considerations. Knowing the common short- and long-term sequelae, as well as less frequent but serious sequelae, informs our rationale for multimodal breast cancer prehabilitation...
September 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934762/dose-response-effects-of-aerobic-exercise-on-body-composition-among-colon-cancer-survivors-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Justin C Brown, Babette S Zemel, Andrea B Troxel, Michael R Rickels, Nevena Damjanov, Bonnie Ky, Andrew D Rhim, Anil K Rustgi, Kerry S Courneya, Kathryn H Schmitz
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is associated with a lower risk of disease recurrence among colon cancer survivors. Excess visceral adipose tissue is associated with a higher risk of disease recurrence among colon cancer survivors. The pathways through which physical activity may alter disease outcomes are unknown, but may be mediated by changes in visceral adipose tissue. METHODS: Thirty-nine stage I-III colon cancer survivors were randomised to one of three groups: usual-care control, 150 min wk(-1) of aerobic exercise (low dose) and 300 min wk(-1) of aerobic exercise (high dose) for 6 months...
September 21, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929925/content-analysis-of-a-participant-directed-intervention-to-optimize-activity-engagement-of-older-adult-cancer-survivors
#19
Kathleen Doyle Lyons, Robin Newman, Anna M Adachi-Mejia, Jessica Whipple, Mark T Hegel
Many older adult cancer survivors reduce their activity level during and after cancer treatment. Occupational therapy interventions need to flexibly address various obstacles to occupational engagement that survivors may face. The aim of this analysis was to describe the content of a participant-directed occupational therapy intervention for older adults with cancer. Content analysis was used to describe the treatment session data from the experimental arm of a pilot randomized controlled trial in terms of activities addressed, obstacles reported, and treatment strategies utilized...
September 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929821/effects-of-a-translational-community-based-multimodal-exercise-program-on-quality-of-life-and-the-influence-of-start-delay-on-physical-function-and-quality-of-life-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-pilot-study
#20
Michael Paul Foley, Scott Michael Hasson, Eydie Kendall
The purpose of this investigation was 2-fold: (1) to investigate the effects of a translational 12-week community-based multimodal exercise program on quality of life (QoL) in breast cancer survivors (BCS) and (2) to examine the influence of a start delay on physical function and QoL in BCS. Fifty-two female BCS completed a 12-week program consisting of 90-minute supervised exercise sessions at a frequency of 2 supervised sessions per week. Exercise sessions consisted of three 30-minute components: (1) aerobic conditioning, (2) resistance exercise training, and (3) balance and flexibility training...
September 1, 2017: Integrative Cancer Therapies
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