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Physical activity cancer survivor

Alice F Yan, Yang Wang, Alexander V Ng
Multiple chronic conditions in cancer survivors are highly prevalent and may increase health care costs for both patients and the health care system. Studies of cancer survivors reveal positive effects of physical activity (PA) on reducing risk of cancer recurrence, other chronic conditions, and secondary cancer. Few nationally representative studies have examined how physical activity levels have affected survivors' annual economic burden in the United States. Leisure-time physical activity data from the National Health Interview Survey was linked to health care expenditure data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey data (2008-2012)...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
Yuan-Yuan Lei, Suzanne C Ho, Ashley Cheng, Carol Kwok, Chi-Kiu Iris Lee, Ka Li Cheung, Roselle Lee, Herbert H F Loong, Yi-Qian He, Winnie Yeo
Background: The 2007 World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) guideline provides recommendations for cancer prevention among cancer survivors. Limited data have examined whether guideline adherence is related to health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among Chinese patients with breast cancer. Methods: An ongoing prospective cohort study involving 1,462 Chinese women with early-stage breast cancer assessed exercise, diet, and body mass index (BMI) at baseline and at 18-months follow-up after diagnosis...
March 2018: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
Meghan H McDonough, Michelle C Patterson, Beth B Weisenbach, Sarah Ullrich-French, Catherine M Sabiston
PURPOSE: Peer support can be helpful in rehabilitation from breast cancer, but participation in peer support groups is low. Groups that provide support opportunities in physical activity contexts are an attractive alternative for some survivors. This study examined survivors' reasons for joining and maintaining participation on a dragon boat team, along with perceptions of barriers and attractions to traditional peer support groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen breast cancer survivors were interviewed on five occasions over their first two seasons of a newly formed dragon boating team to explore their perceptions of peer support groups and dragon boating...
March 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
I-Chan Huang, Conor M Jones, Tara M Brinkman, Melissa M Hudson, D Kumar Srivastava, Yuelin Li, Leslie L Robison, Kevin R Krull
BACKGROUND: To the authors' knowledge, social network status in adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors has not been adequately studied to date. The authors developed and validated a functional social network index (FSNI) for AYA survivors, and compared its performance with that of 2 traditional indices (density and betweenness centrality). METHODS: A total of 102 AYA survivors and 102 noncancer controls who were matched for age, sex, and race were recruited from an Internet panel...
March 8, 2018: Cancer
Lauri-Anne McDermott, Marie H Murphy, Andrea M McNeilly, Jane P Rankin, Jackie H Gracey
The number of people living with and beyond cancer is at an all time high. These survivors are not necessarily living well, as adverse side effects from cancer and its treatment can last up to 5 years and leave patients at a higher risk of developing secondary cancers and other chronic illnesses. Exercise has been proven to be a safe and effective method of intervention to decrease mortality and overall improve health outcomes. The biological mechanism through which this occurs is an area of research that is in its infancy and not well defined...
January 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Peh Joo Ho, Mikael Hartman, Sofie A M Gernaat, Alex R Cook, Soo Chin Lee, Leon Hupkens, Helena M Verkooijen
PURPOSE: Workability is of increasing importance especially in Asia given the increasing incidence rates and young age of onset of breast cancer. This study explores the determinants of employment and suboptimal workability. And evaluate the association between workability and patient-reported physical, psychological, and social outcomes. METHODS: In a hospital-based cross-sectional study, 327 breast cancer survivors, < 65 years of age and > 1 year post-diagnosis were recruited...
March 6, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Yelena N Tarasenko, Daniel F Linder, Eric A Miller
PURPOSE: This study examined the association between adherence to American College of Sports Medicine and American Cancer Society guidelines on aerobic and muscle-strengthening activities and mortality risks among 3+ year cancer survivors in the U.S. METHODS: The observational study was based on 1999-2009 National Health Interview Survey Linked Mortality Files with follow-up through 2011. After applying exclusion criteria, there were 13,997 observations. The hazard ratios (HRs) for meeting recommendations on muscle-strengthening activities only, on aerobic activities only, and on both types of physical activity (i...
March 6, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Maria Olsson, Gunnar Steineck, Karin Enskär, Ulrica Wilderäng, Marianne Jarfelt
PURPOSE: Previous research has established that treatments for cancer can result in short- and long-term effects on sexual function in adult cancer patients. The purpose was to investigate patient-reported physical and psychosexual complications in adolescents and young adults after they have undergone treatment for cancer. METHODS: In this population-based study, a study-specific questionnaire was developed by a method used in several previous investigations carried out by our research group, Clinical Cancer Epidemiology...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
Karen Steindorf, Martina E Schmidt, Philipp Zimmer
A growing number of literature reports positive effects of physical activity and exercise. These effects concern prevention, mortality and progress of cancer. Furthermore they show a reduction of disease- and treatment-specific side effects, which implies a better patients' quality of life. Evidence shows a decreased mortality risk in patients with physically active cancer of colon, breast, ovaries and prostate. Activity recommendations for patients with cancer do not differ from those for healthy persons...
March 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Amanda L Gentry, Susan M Sereika, Frances E Casillo, Mary E Crisafio, Patrick T Donahue, George A Grove, Anna L Marsland, Jennifer C Watt, Catherine M Bender
The Exercise Program in Cancer and Cognition (EPICC) Study is a randomized controlled trial designed to test the effects of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise on cognitive function in postmenopausal women with early-stage breast cancer during the first six months of aromatase inhibitor therapy. It is estimated that up to 75% of survivors of breast cancer experience cognitive impairment related to disease and treatment. At present, there are no known interventions to improve or manage cognitive function for women with breast cancer...
February 28, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Jihye Park, Jae Hyun Kim, Yehyun Park, Soo Jung Park, Jae Hee Cheon, Won Ho Kim, Ji Soo Park, Justin Y Jeon, Tae Il Kim
BACKGROUND AND AIM: High heart rate is an independent predictor of total cancer incidence and all-cause mortality in patients with cancer. We aimed to evaluate the impact of resting heart rate on the recurrence of colorectal polyp, using long-term surveillance follow-up data of colorectal cancer survivors. METHODS: Three hundred patients were selected from the colorectal cancer survivor cohort of Severance Hospital, Seoul, Korea. Resting heart rate, physical activity, and body composition analysis at the time of 5-year survival, and clinical data including colonoscopy surveillance results were collected for mean follow-up duration of 8 years...
2018: PloS One
Gabriele Mascherini, Benedetta Tosi, Chiara Giannelli, Elisabetta Grifoni, Sonia Degl'innocenti, Giorgio Galanti
BACKGROUND: Improvements in prevention and therapeutic strategies over the years have increased the numbers of breast cancer survivors considerably. Sedentary behavior is now acknowledged to be a risk factor for cancer and cancer relapse. Currently, there are different approaches to increasing the effectiveness of long-term physical activity in these patients. The aim of this study was to verify the long-term effectiveness of a home-based program for active lifestyle change in overweight breast cancer survivors...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Erin J Howden, André La Gerche, Jane F Arthur, Julie R McMullen, Garry L Jennings, David W Dunstan, Neville Owen, Sharon Avery, Bronwyn A Kingwell
Hematological cancer survivors are highly vulnerable to cardiometabolic complications impacting long-term health status, quality of life and survival. Elevated risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease arises not only from the effects of the cancers themselves, but also from the toxic effects of cancer therapies, and deconditioning arising from reduced physical activity levels. Regular physical activity can circumvent or reverse adverse effects on the heart, skeletal muscle, vasculature and blood cells, through a combination of systemic and molecular mechanisms...
February 21, 2018: Blood Reviews
Dong-Woo Kang, Eun-Young Lee, Ki Yong An, Jihee Min, Justin Y Jeon, Kerry S Courneya
PURPOSE: To examine the associations between physical activity, metabolic risk factors, and comorbidities in Korean cancer survivors. METHODS: We used multiple cross-sectional data sets from the 2007-2013 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES) that included 1225 cancer survivors. Physical activity and comorbidities were self-reported. Metabolic risk factors were measured via blood analyses and included fasting glucose, insulin, total cholesterol, triglycerides, and blood pressure...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
David W Donnelly, Conan Donnelly, Therese Kearney, David Weller, Linda Sharp, Amy Downing, Sarah Wilding, Penny Wright, Paul Kind, James W F Catto, William R Cross, Malcolm D Mason, Eilis McCaughan, Richard Wagland, Eila Watson, Rebecca Mottram, Majorie Allen, Hugh Butcher, Luke Hounsome, Peter Selby, Dyfed Huws, David H Brewster, Emma McNair, Carol Rivas, Johana Nayoan, Mike Horton, Lauren Matheson, Adam W Glaser, Anna Gavin
OBJECTIVES: To provide intelligence on the prevalence of urinary, bowel and sexual dysfunction in Northern Ireland (NI) to act as a baseline for studies of prostate cancer (PCa) outcomes and to aid service provision within the general population. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional postal survey of 10,000 men aged 40 and over in NI, age-matched to the distribution of men living with PCa. The EQ-5D-5L and EPIC-26 instruments were used to enable comparisons with PCa outcome studies...
February 28, 2018: BJU International
Karin R Grarup, Nele Devoogdt, Liv Inger Strand
PURPOSE: To translate and culturally adapt the Lymphoedema Functioning, Disability and Health Questionnaire (Lymph-ICF) for breast cancer survivors with arm lymphedema into Danish and examine its content validity and reliability. METHODS: (1) Translation and cultural adaptation was performed in 10 steps following international guidelines (International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcome Research); (2) cognitive interviewing (step 7) was conducted in 15 women with breast cancer related arm lymphedema to explore understandability, interpretation, and cultural relevance; (3) after adjustments, content validity (N = 52) was explored by interviews; and (4) reliability (N = 50) examined by intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) statistics and Cronbach alpha analysis...
February 27, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Anne McTiernan
Weight, weight change and physical activity may affect prognosis among women who are diagnosed with breast cancer. Observational studies show associations between overweight/obesity and weight gain with several measures of reduced prognosis in women with breast cancer, and some suggestions of lower survival in women who are underweight or who experience unexplained weight loss after diagnosis. Observational studies have also shown an association between higher levels of physical activity and reduced breast cancer-specific and all-cause mortality, although a dose-response relationship has not been established...
February 26, 2018: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
Christine Rini, Kristi D Graves, Suzanne C O'Neill, Kenneth P Tercyak
There is a critical gap between the resources available to promote health and wellness after cancer and services that address these public health goals. Researchers, policy makers, healthcare providers, and community stakeholders increasingly recognize the benefits of filling this gap with trained peer mentors who can provide health-promotion services to fellow cancer survivors. This commentary addresses a mixed-method study by Pinto and colleagues that investigated the responses and experiences of trained peer mentors who delivered their telephone-based physical activity intervention for breast cancer survivors...
February 21, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Zachary Pope, Jung Eun Lee, Nan Zeng, Hee Yun Lee, Zan Gao
Breast cancer survivors are at risk for poor health, with physical activity a possible treatment. Little research has examined how technology might promote breast cancer survivor physical activity or health. The aim of this study is to investigate the feasibility of employing a commercially available mobile health application- and social media-based health education intervention to improve breast cancer survivor physical activity or health.Ten breast cancer survivors (X̅ age = 45.80 ± 10.23 years; X̅ weight = 79...
February 17, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Marco Aurélio Ferreira de Jesus Leite, Guilherme Morais Puga, Franciel José Arantes, Carlo José Freire Oliveira, Lucas Moreira Cunha, Miguel Junior Sordi Bortolini, Nilson Penha-Silva
OBJECTIVE: The present systematic review aimed to verify the effect of resistance and combined training on the inflammatory profile of breast cancer survivors. DESIGN: The searches were made on the platforms PsycINFO, PubMed, Cochrane, Science Direct and Scopus, from 1996 to 2017, using the keywords: cancer survivors, cancer treatment, cancer patients, breast cancer, inflammation, inflammatory profile, immune function, resistance training, strength training, weight training, physical activity, concurrent training and combined training...
February 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
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