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Taenia solium

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634145/taeniasis-caused-by-taenia-saginata-in-gianyar-townand-taenia-solium-in-karangasem-villagesof-bali-indonesia-2011-2016-how-to-detect-tapeworm-carriers-anamnesis-or-microscopy
#1
Kadek Swastika, Toni Wandra, Nyoman Sadra Dharmawan, I Made Sudarmaja, John Master Saragih, Luh Putu Eka Diarthini, Luh Ariwati, Putu Ayu Asri Damayanti, Dewa Ayu Agus Sri Laksemi, Nengah Kapti, Putu Sutisna, Tetsuya Yanagida, Akira Ito
From January 2011 until September 2016, screening of taeniasis carriers was carried out in a town in Gianyar District (Taenia saginata) and in villages which consisted of several Banjars (the smallest community units) on the eastern slope of Mt. Agung, Karangasem District (Taenia solium) in Bali, Indonesia. Fecal samples from all community members who chose to participate were examined microscopically for detection of taeniid eggs each person completedwith a questionnaire to determine if they had seen whitish, noodle-like proglottids (anamnesis) in their feces...
June 17, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634004/minyoo-matata-the-vicious-worm-a-taenia-solium-computer-based-health-education-tool-in-swahili
#2
Chiara Trevisan, Eric M Fèvre, Maurice Owiny, Isaac Ngere, Maria Vang Johansen
Lack of knowledge is one of the main risk factors for the spread of the zoonotic parasite Taenia solium. The computer-based health-education tool 'The Vicious Worm' was developed to create awareness and provide evidence-based health education as a specific measure in control strategies. To increase the reach of the tool, a new version in Swahili was developed and can now be downloaded for free from http://theviciousworm.sites.ku.dk.
June 17, 2017: Trends in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615981/human-taeniasis-current-insights-into-prevention-and-management-strategies-in-endemic-countries
#3
REVIEW
Anna L Okello, Lian Francesca Thomas
Human taeniasis is a zoonotic condition resulting from infection with the adult stages of Taenia saginata ("beef tapeworm"), Taenia solium ("pork tapeworm") or Taenia asiatica ("Asian tapeworm"). Although these parasites have a worldwide distribution, the overwhelming burden is felt by communities in low- and middle-income countries. This is particularly true for T. solium, whereby infection of the central nervous system with the larval stage of the parasite (neurocysticercosis) is a major cause of acquired epilepsy in low-resource settings...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606690/antiparasitic-treatment-of-neurocysticercosis-the-effect-of-cyst-destruction-in-seizure-evolution
#4
REVIEW
Hector H Garcia, Oscar H Del Brutto
Antiparasitic agents against Taenia solium cysticercosis have been in use since 1979, although its use has been questioned on the basis that cysts would die naturally and thus treatment-induced inflammation is unnecessary. In addition, isolated reports have also questioned whether neurocysticercosis (NCC) is a cause of epilepsy. After more than three and a half decades, a large body of evidence is available. Little if any doubt exists about NCC as a cause of seizures - NCC is consistently associated with seizures when appropriate groups are compared, and in a large subset of cases, seizure semiology correlates with the anatomical location of lesions...
June 9, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599004/extraparenchymal-neurocysticercosis-demographic-clinicoradiological-and-inflammatory-features
#5
Mariana Marcin Sierra, Mariana Arroyo, May Cadena Torres, Nancy Ramírez Cruz, Fernando García Hernández, Diana Taboada, Ángeles Galicia Martínez, Tzipe Govezensky, Edda Sciutto, Andrea Toledo, Agnès Fleury
BACKGROUND: Extraparenchymal neurocysticercosis (ExPNCC), an infection caused by Taenia solium cysticerci that mainly occurs in the ventricular compartment (Ve) or the basal subarachnoid space (SAb), is more severe but less frequent and much less studied than parenchymal neurocysticercosis (ParNCC). Demographic, clinical, radiological, and lumbar cerebrospinal fluid features of patients affected by ExPNCC are herein described and compared with those of ParNCC patients. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: 429 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of neurocysticercosis, attending the Instituto Nacional de Neurología y Neurocirugía, a tertiary reference center in Mexico City, from 2000 through 2014, were included...
June 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588685/lumbar-spinal-intradural-neurocysticercosis-a-case-report
#6
Shizhong Zhang, Yanyan Hu, Zhen Li, Li Zhao, Zhigang Wang
Neurocysticercosis is a parasitic disease that results from the larvae of Taenia solium. While neurocysticercosis is considered as the most common parasitic infection of the nervous system, spinal neurocysticercosis is rare. The present case study investigated a 59-year-old woman, who was admitted to our hospital with pain in the bilateral lower limbs and urinary complaints in the form of straining of micturition with increasing frequency. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed an intradural extramedullary lesion extending from L1/2 to S1 of the spine...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569208/development-of-a-health-education-intervention-strategy-using-an-implementation-research-method-to-control-taeniasis-and-cysticercosis-in-burkina-faso
#7
Helena Ngowi, Ivan Ozbolt, Athanase Millogo, Veronique Dermauw, Télesphore Somé, Paul Spicer, Lori L Jervis, Rasmané Ganaba, Sarah Gabriel, Pierre Dorny, Hélène Carabin
BACKGROUND: Taeniasis and cysticercosis are two diseases caused by Taenia solium, a parasite transmitted between humans and pigs, leading to considerable economic loss and disabilities. Transmission of the parasite is linked to environmental and behavioural factors such as inadequate sanitation and hygiene, poor pig management, and consumption of infected pork. This study used implementation research method to design a health education intervention strategy for reducing T. solium infections in Burkina Faso, a country endemic for the parasite...
June 1, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552103/needs-of-exploring-the-burden-of-recent-onset-seizures-due-to-neurocysticercosis-and-challenges-in-southeast-asia-focusing-on-scenario-in-malaysia
#8
REVIEW
Priyadarshi S Sahu, Yvonne A L Lim, Rohela Mahmud, Sushela D Somanath, Chong T Tan, C P Ramachandran
Seizures due to neurocysticercosis (NCC) is a neglected human-to-human transmitted disorder and an emerging problem worldwide. A substantial portion of recent onset seizures is known to be attributed to NCC in Taenia solium (T. solium) endemic areas where populations which neither raise pigs nor eat pig meat are also at risk. High prevalence of NCC causing epilepsy has been reported in the underdeveloped areas of Southeast Asia (SEA) however, only fragmentary information on its incidence is available in countries like Malaysia...
April 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527268/-seroprevalence-and-risk-factors-of-cysticercosis-in-two-rural-communities-in-anzo%C3%A3-tegui-state-venezuela
#9
Manuel Toquero, Antonio Morocoima, Elizabeth Ferrer
INTRODUCTION: Cysticercosis is caused by Taenia solium cysticerci, which are located mainly in the central nervous system causing neurocysticercosis. In Venezuela, few epidemiological studies on this disease have been conducted. OBJECTIVE: To determine the seroprevalence and risk factors for cysticercosis in two rural communities in Anzoátegui state. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a survey to collect data on possible risk factors and signs and symptoms of the disease, and we took 182 samples in two communities, Boquerón and Punto Lindo...
April 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526608/microrna-analysis-of-taenia-crassiceps-cysticerci-under-praziquantel-treatment-and-genome-wide-identification-of-taenia-solium-mirnas
#10
Matías Gastón Pérez, Natalia Macchiaroli, Gabriel Lichtenstein, Gabriela Conti, Sebastián Asurmendi, Diego Humberto Milone, Georgina Stegmayer, Laura Kamenetzky, Marcela Cucher, Mara Cecilia Rosenzvit
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that have emerged as important regulators of gene expression and perform critical functions in development and disease. In spite of the increased interest in miRNAs from helminth parasites, no information is available on miRNAs from Taenia solium, the causative agent of cysticercosis, a neglected disease affecting millions of people worldwide. Here we performed a comprehensive analysis of miRNAs from Taenia crassiceps, a laboratory model for T. solium studies, and identified miRNAs in the T...
May 17, 2017: International Journal for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506245/comparison-of-t24h-his-gst-t24h-and-gst-ts8b2-recombinant-antigens-in-western%C3%A2-blot-elisa-and-multiplex-bead-based-assay-for-diagnosis-of-neurocysticercosis
#11
Ana Hernández-González, John Noh, María Jesús Perteguer, Teresa Gárate, Sukwan Handali
BACKGROUND: Currently, the reference standard assay for the serodiagnosis of neurocysticercosis (NCC) is the lentil lectin-bound glycoproteins/enzyme-linked immunoelectrotransfer blot (LLGP-EITB). The main disadvantage of this technique is the complexity of obtaining and purifying the LLGP extract. This could be solved by replacement with highly specific recombinant antigens from Taenia solium. Based on previous studies, we selected and produced the recombinant Ts8B2 and T24H proteins and applied them to three diagnostic techniques: western blot (WB), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and the multiplex bead-based assay (MBA)...
May 15, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484552/isolated-lumbar-intradural-extra-medullary-spinal-cysticercosis-simulating-tarlov-cyst
#12
Sumit Bansal, Ashish Suri, Mehar Chand Sharma, Aanchal Kakkar
Spinal cysticercosis is a very uncommon manifestation of neurocysticercosis, which is caused by the larvae of Taenia solium. Here, we present a rare case of isolated lumbar intradural extramedullary neurocysticercosis, initially thought to be Tarlov cyst. A 40-year-old man, presented with low backache for 1-year with radiation of pain to right leg for 3 months. The patient was treated successfully with the surgical removal of the cyst, followed by medical treatment. Spinal neurocysticercosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis in high-risk populations, with new symptoms suggestive of a spinal mass lesion...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467600/recent-advancements-and-new-perspectives-in-animal-models-for-neurocysticercosis-immunopathogenesis
#13
REVIEW
N Arora, S Tripathi, P Kumar, P Mondal, A Mishra, A Prasad
Neurocysticercosis (NCC), one of the most common parasitic diseases of the central nervous system, is caused by Taenia solium. This parasite involves two hosts, intermediate hosts (pig and human) and a definitive host (human), and has various stages in its complex life cycle (eggs, oncosphere, cysticerci and adult tapeworm). Hence, developing an animal model for T. solium that mimics its natural course of infection is quite challenging. We have reviewed here the animal models frequently used to study immunopathogenesis of cysticercosis and also discussed their usefulness for NCC studies...
May 3, 2017: Parasite Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450211/sero-prevalence-of-taenia-spp-infections-in-cattle-and-pigs-in-rural-farming-communities-in-free-state-and-gauteng-provinces-south-africa
#14
A M Tsotetsi-Khambule, S Njiro, T C Katsande, O M M Thekisoe, L J S Harrison
The aim of this study was to determine sero-prevalence of bovine and porcine cysticercosis in cattle and pigs in rural farming communities in Free State and Gauteng Provinces, Republic of South Africa. Blood samples were collected for a period of twelve months from live cattle (n=1315; 1159) and pigs (n=436; 240) and the serum extracted and stored before analysis by a monoclonal antibody based (HP10) antigen detection ELISA. Results revealed a generally high sero-prevalence and wide distribution throughout the two provinces with Free State having a higher sero-prevalence in both cattle and pigs (23% and 34%) than Gauteng province (15% and 14%)...
April 24, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443982/enzyme-linked-immunosorbent-assay-for-diagnosis-of-amphimerus-spp-liver-fluke-infection-in-humans
#15
William Cevallos, Manuel Calvopiña, Victoria Nipáz, Belén Vicente-Santiago, Julio López-Albán, Pedro Fernández-Soto, Ángel Guevara, Antonio Muro
BACKGROUND: Amphimerus spp. is a liver fluke that infects humans and domestic animals. It is highly prevalent in some Ecuadorian communities. Currently, diagnosis is based on the microscopic observation of eggs in faeces, but this has variable sensitivity. More sensitive methods are needed for diagnostic testing. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this work was to develop an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using crude antigens from Amphimerus spp. adult worms to detect anti-Amphimerus IgG in human sera...
May 2017: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435310/tropical-diseases-of-the-myocardium-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Zoe C Groom, Aristotle D Protopapas, Vasileios Zochios
Cardiovascular diseases are widely distributed throughout the world. Human parasitic infections are ubiquitous. Tropical parasites are increasingly recognized as causes of cardiovascular diseases. In this review, we address the most frequently reported parasites that directly infect the myocardium, including Trypanosoma cruzi, the protozoal causative agent of American trypanosomiasis (Chagas disease), and Taenia solium, the cestode causative agent of taeniasis and cysticercosis. We also discuss tropical endomyocardial fibrosis, trichinellosis and schistosomiasis...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426664/taenia-solium-cysticercosis-and-taeniosis-achievements-from-the-past-10-years-and-the-way-forward
#17
Hélène Carabin, Andrea S Winkler, Pierre Dorny
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423884/integrating-market-chain-assessments-with-zoonoses-risk-analysis-in-two-cross-border-pig-value-chains-in-lao-pdr
#18
Anna Okello, Tassilo Tamino Tiemann, Phouth Inthavong, Boualam Khamlome, Ammaly Phengvilaysouk, Soukanh Keonouchanh, Chattouphone Keokhamphet, Virasack Somoulay, Kate Blaszak, Stuart Blacksell, Walter Okello, John Allen
Lao PDR's recent accession to the World Trade Organization necessitates a greater understanding of the patterns and risk of livestock production in order to better align national policy with the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures. This eco-health study describes the integration of market chain and zoonoses risk analyses at two strategic cross border points between Lao PDR, Thailand and Viet Nam. Information gained from smallholder farmer/trader interviews was integrated with serological surveys for pig-associated zoonoses - including hepatitis E virus, Taenia solium and Trichinella - to identify potential linkages between disease risk and pig production and slaughter in low input systems common across the country...
March 25, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406898/spatial-relationship-between-taenia-solium-tapeworm-carriers-and-necropsy-cyst-burden-in-pigs
#19
Ian W Pray, Viterbo Ayvar, Ricardo Gamboa, Claudio Muro, Luz M Moyano, Victor Benavides, Robert H Flecker, Hector H Garcia, Seth E O'Neal
BACKGROUND: Taenia solium, a parasite that affects humans and pigs, is the leading cause of preventable epilepsy in the developing world. Geographic hotspots of pigs testing positive for serologic markers of T. solium exposure have been observed surrounding the locations of human tapeworm carriers. This clustered pattern of seropositivity in endemic areas formed the basis for geographically targeted control interventions, which have been effective at reducing transmission. In this study, we further explore the spatial relationship between human tapeworm carriers and infected pigs using necroscopic examination as a quantitative gold-standard diagnostic to detect viable T...
April 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386968/water-lily-in-a-subcutaneous-plane-preventing-complications-of-unplanned-excision
#20
Chandraiah Madura, Chaithra Shenoy, Malavalli Lakshminarasimhaiha Girish, Byalakere Shivanna Chandrashekar
Human cysticercosis is caused by the larval form of Taenia solium (T. solium) and is a condition more commonly seen in tropical countries. The infestation can present with varied symptoms depending upon the site of infection, e.g. intramuscular, subcutaneous, intracerebral, or elsewhere. Diagnosing cysticercosis, although fairly easy, becomes challenging in unusual cases. Unplanned excisions can lead to catastrophic complications.
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
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