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Taenia solium

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435310/tropical-diseases-of-the-myocardium-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Zoe C Groom, Aristotle D Protopapas, Vasileios Zochios
Cardiovascular diseases are widely distributed throughout the world. Human parasitic infections are ubiquitous. Tropical parasites are increasingly recognized as causes of cardiovascular diseases. In this review, we address the most frequently reported parasites that directly infect the myocardium, including Trypanosoma cruzi, the protozoal causative agent of American trypanosomiasis (Chagas disease), and Taenia solium, the cestode causative agent of taeniasis and cysticercosis. We also discuss tropical endomyocardial fibrosis, trichinellosis and schistosomiasis...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426664/taenia-solium-cysticercosis-and-taeniosis-achievements-from-the-past-10-years-and-the-way-forward
#2
Hélène Carabin, Andrea S Winkler, Pierre Dorny
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423884/integrating-market-chain-assessments-with-zoonoses-risk-analysis-in-two-cross-border-pig-value-chains-in-lao-pdr
#3
Anna Okello, Tassilo Tamino Tiemann, Phouth Inthavong, Boualam Khamlome, Ammaly Phengvilaysouk, Soukanh Keonouchanh, Chattouphone Keokhamphet, Virasack Somoulay, Kate Blaszak, Stuart Blacksell, Walter Okello, John Allen
Lao PDR's recent accession to the World Trade Organization necessitates a greater understanding of the patterns and risk of livestock production in order to better align national policy with the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures. This eco-health study describes the integration of market chain and zoonoses risk analyses at two strategic cross border points between Lao PDR, Thailand and Viet Nam. Information gained from smallholder farmer/trader interviews was integrated with serological surveys for pig-associated zoonoses - including hepatitis E virus, Taenia solium and Trichinella - to identify potential linkages between disease risk and pig production and slaughter in low input systems common across the country...
March 25, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406898/spatial-relationship-between-taenia-solium-tapeworm-carriers-and-necropsy-cyst-burden-in-pigs
#4
Ian W Pray, Viterbo Ayvar, Ricardo Gamboa, Claudio Muro, Luz M Moyano, Victor Benavides, Robert H Flecker, Hector H Garcia, Seth E O'Neal
BACKGROUND: Taenia solium, a parasite that affects humans and pigs, is the leading cause of preventable epilepsy in the developing world. Geographic hotspots of pigs testing positive for serologic markers of T. solium exposure have been observed surrounding the locations of human tapeworm carriers. This clustered pattern of seropositivity in endemic areas formed the basis for geographically targeted control interventions, which have been effective at reducing transmission. In this study, we further explore the spatial relationship between human tapeworm carriers and infected pigs using necroscopic examination as a quantitative gold-standard diagnostic to detect viable T...
April 13, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386968/water-lily-in-a-subcutaneous-plane-preventing-complications-of-unplanned-excision
#5
Chandraiah Madura, Chaithra Shenoy, Malavalli Lakshminarasimhaiha Girish, Byalakere Shivanna Chandrashekar
Human cysticercosis is caused by the larval form of Taenia solium (T. solium) and is a condition more commonly seen in tropical countries. The infestation can present with varied symptoms depending upon the site of infection, e.g. intramuscular, subcutaneous, intracerebral, or elsewhere. Diagnosing cysticercosis, although fairly easy, becomes challenging in unusual cases. Unplanned excisions can lead to catastrophic complications.
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376856/the-causal-relationship-between-neurocysticercosis-infection-and-the-development-of-epilepsy-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Lucy B Gripper, Susan C Welburn
BACKGROUND: Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is a parasitic infection of the human central nervous system, the most common form of which involves infection of the brain parenchyma with the larval form of the Taenia solium tapeworm. A causal relationship between such an NCC infection and the development of epilepsy in infected individuals is acknowledged, in part supported by high levels of comorbidity in endemic countries worldwide. METHODS: This study undertook a systematic review and critical analysis of the NCC-epilepsy relationship with the primary objective of quantifying the risk of developing epilepsy following NCC infection...
April 5, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368546/natural-history-of-patients-with-perilesional-edema-around-taenia-solium-calcified-granulomas
#7
Theodore E Nash, JeanAnne M Ware, Siddhartha Mahanty
Background.: The transient development of perilesional edema (PE) around ≥1 calcification (defined as 1 episode) occurs in about 50% of the patients with recurrent seizures in calcified neurocysticercosis (NCC). We determined the long-term clinical and radiological course of persons undergoing PE episodes. Methods.: Twenty-one persons with NCC who experienced ≥1 PE episode were followed for a median of 10.6 years (range, 0.4-29.2 years). Clinical evaluations and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were performed at the time of suggestive symptoms and during routine follow-up...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359828/tspka-r-a-potential-immunodiagnostic-antigen-for-the-detection-of-porcine-cysticercosis
#8
Guangxue Liu, Panhong Liang, Shaohua Zhang, Aijiang Guo, Lijie Wang, Yadong Zheng, Xuenong Luo
Cysticercosis, caused by metacestodes of Taenia solium, has a significant soci-economic impact and is of considerable importance in public health. However, there are no specific diagnostic antigens to distinguish between T. solim and Taenia hydatigena. In the present study, cAMP-dependent protein kinase regulatory subunit (TsPKA-r), an excretory/secretary (ES) antigen of T. solium, was used to establish a specific and sensitive diagnostic tool for detection of porcine cysticercosis. The full-length sequence encoding TsPKA-r was amplified by PCR, sequenced and then identified by bioinformatics...
March 28, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336269/epidemiology-of-polyparasitism-with-taenia-solium-schistosomes-and-soil-transmitted-helminths-in-the-co-endemic-village-of-malanga-democratic-republic-of-congo
#9
Joule Madinga, Katja Polman, Kirezi Kanobana, Lisette van Lieshout, Eric Brienen, Nicolas Praet, Constantin Kabwe, Sarah Gabriël, Pierre Dorny, Pascal Lutumba, Niko Speybroeck
Helminth co-infections are common in sub-Saharan Africa. However, little is known about the distribution and determinants of co-infections with Taenia solium taeniasis/cysticercosis. Building on a previous community-based study on human cysticercosis in Malanga village, we investigated co-infections with Taenia solium, soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) and Schistosoma spp and associated risk factors in a random subsample of 330 participants. Real time PCR assays were used to detect DNA of soil-transmitted helminths (STHs), T...
March 20, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327829/-western-blot-diagnostic-yield-for-simultaneous-antibody-detection-in-patients-with-human-cysticercosis-hydatidosis-and-human-fascioliasis
#10
Kelly Davelois, Hermes Escalante, César Jara
. To determine the diagnostic yield using western blotting to simultaneously detect antibodies in patients with human cysticercosis, hydatidosis, and human fascioliasis. Materials and methods . Cross-sectional study of diagnostic yield assessment. Excretory/secretory antigens were obtained from Taenia solium larvae, Echinococcus granulosus cysts, and the adult flukes of Fasciola hepática, which were then separated using the polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis technique, transferred, and attached to a nitrocellulose membrane to be probed with sera from the patient infected with the three parasites...
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327688/taenia-solium-sneezed-out-from-nose-by-an-asymptomatic-child
#11
N D Pant, M Sharma, S Neupane
Taenia solium is an intestinal parasite and may be excreted in feces in infected patients but our case is unique, as an asymptomatic child sneezed out the proglottids of the parasite from his nose. After the full course of antihelminthic drug the patient excreted a whole worm in his stool.
September 2016: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322765/hair-cortisol-and-dehydroepiandrosterone-concentrations-in-naturally-taenia-solium-infected-pigs-in-tanzania
#12
Chiara Trevisan, Marta Montillo, Alberto Prandi, Ernatus M Mkupasi, Helena A Ngowi, Maria V Johansen
The aim of this study was to measure hair cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) concentrations in naturally Taenia solium infected and non-infected control pigs and assess the effect of an environmental change on the aforementioned parameters. Three hair patches were obtained from 13 T. solium infected and 15 non-infected controls sows, respectively corresponding to 3 time points (prior to, at and approximately two weeks after arrival at the research facility). Cortisol and DHEA were extracted using methanol and analysed by radio immune assay...
March 16, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320455/a-systematic-review-of-taeniasis-cysticercosis-and-trichinellosis-in-vietnam
#13
REVIEW
Dinh Ng-Nguyen, Mark A Stevenson, Rebecca J Traub
Taeniasis, cysticercosis and trichinellosis have been ranked as the most important food-borne parasites of humans in terms of public health, socioeconomic and trade impact. Despite this, information on these food-borne zoonoses in Vietnam is scarce and fragmented, and many local reports remain inaccessible to the international research community. This study aims to conduct comprehensive literature searches to report on the incidence and estimate the true prevalence of taeniasis in humans and T. solium cysticercosis in humans and pigs in Vietnam utilizing Bayesian models; in addition, to report the incidence and the distribution of trichinellosis...
March 21, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304255/neurocysticercosis-in-a-rhesus-macaque-macaca-mulatta
#14
Jessica M Johnston, Cecilia D Dyer, Susan Madison-Antenucci, Kimberly Am Mergen, Christin L Veeder, Angela K Brice
An 8-y-old, intact, male rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) was sedated to undergo MRI in preparation for the implantation of cranial hardware. During imaging, 9 focal lesions were noted in the brain and musculature of the head. The lesions were hyperechoic with hypoechoic rims. The animal was deemed inappropriate for neuroscience research, and euthanasia was elected. Gross examination revealed multiple round, thick-walled, fluid-filled cysts (diameter, approximately 0.5 cm) in multiple tissues: one each in the left caudal lung lobe, left masseter muscle, and the dura overlying the brain and 8 throughout the gray and white matter of the brain parenchyma...
December 1, 2016: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289849/geo-helminthiasis-among-migrants-in-sicily-a-possible-focus-for-re-emerging-neurocysticercosis-in-europe
#15
Ildebrando Patamia, Piermario Nicotra, Davide Amodeo, Loretta Giuliano, Calogero Edoardo Cicero, Alessandra Nicoletti
A dramatic increasing immigration flow was recorded in Europe during the last years. Only in Sicily 120,239 people arrived in 2014. Immigrants may carry neglected tropical diseases endemic in their origin countries. The aim of our study was to evaluate the frequency of geo-helminthiasis, and in particular of intestinal taeniasis, in a sample of migrants hosted in a large asylum seeker centre in the province of Catania. A stool sample was obtained from all the enrolled subjects and a coproparasitological examination was performed...
March 13, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246113/disseminated-cysticercosis-incidentally-diagnosed-in-a-patient-of-fracture-shaft-of-femur
#16
Noora Saeed, Aaliya Ehsan, Shaista M Vasenwala
Cysticercosis is caused by the larval form of Taenia solium tape worm, cysticercus cellulose. The life cycle of T. solium consists of 2 host, the definite host is a man who harbours the adult forms of the worm in the intestine, while the intermediate host is the pig, where the larval form (cysticercus cellulose) is found in the skeletal muscle. Cysticercosis develops when human beings incidentally become the intermediate host and the eggs mature within their small intestine. The route of entry of the eggs into the human intestine may occur through autoinfection or by ingestion of contaminated food or water...
February 28, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236521/designing-a-minimal-intervention-strategy-to-control-taenia-solium
#17
REVIEW
Marshall W Lightowlers, Meritxell Donadeu
Neurocysticercosis is an important cause of epilepsy in many developing countries. The disease is a zoonosis caused by the cestode parasite Taenia solium. Many potential intervention strategies are available, however none has been able to be implemented and sustained. Here we predict the impact of some T. solium interventions that could be applied to prevent transmission through pigs, the parasite's natural animal intermediate host. These include minimal intervention strategies that are predicted to be effective and likely to be feasible...
February 21, 2017: Trends in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221900/mental-health-disorders-associated-with-foodborne-pathogens
#18
Declan J Bolton, Lucy J Robertson
Human infections with foodborne pathogenic organisms are relatively well described in terms of their overt physical symptoms, such as diarrhea, abdominal cramps, vomiting, fever, and associated sequelae. Indeed, some of these are key for diagnosis and treatment, although it should be noted that, for some foodborne pathogens, the physical symptoms might be more diffuse, particularly those associated with some of the foodborne parasites. In contrast, the impact of these pathogens on mental health is less well described, and symptoms such as depression, anxiety, and general malaise are usually ignored when foodborne infections are recorded...
November 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215871/disease-behaviours-of-sows-naturally-infected-with-taenia-solium-in-tanzania
#19
Chiara Trevisan, Maria Vang Johansen, Ernatus Martin Mkupasi, Helena Aminel Ngowi, Björn Forkman
Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is a disease caused by the zoonotic parasite Taenia solium lodging in the central nervous system. Both humans and pigs can get NCC. The impact of the disease in pigs has so far been little explored. The aim of this study was to describe the effect of NCC on social and feeding behaviours as well as the pattern of activity as indicators of reduced welfare in naturally infected sows. In total 13 T. solium naturally infected and 15 non-infected control sows were videotaped for 2 consecutive weeks using close circuit television cameras at research facilities at Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania...
February 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212398/modelling-the-risk-of-taenia-solium-exposure-from-pork-produced-in-western-kenya
#20
Lian F Thomas, William A de Glanville, Elizabeth A J Cook, Barend M De C Bronsvoort, Ian Handel, Claire N Wamae, Samuel Kariuki, Eric M Fèvre
The tapeworm Taenia solium is the parasite responsible for neurocysticercosis, a neglected tropical disease of public health importance, thought to cause approximately 1/3 of epilepsy cases across endemic regions. The consumption of undercooked infected pork perpetuates the parasite's life-cycle through the establishment of adult tapeworm infections in the community. Reducing the risk associated with pork consumption in the developing world is therefore a public health priority. The aim of this study was to estimate the risk of any one pork meal in western Kenya containing a potentially infective T...
February 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
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