keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Bone morphogenetic protein

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458046/bmp-2-induces-angiogenesis-by-provoking-integrin-%C3%AE-6-expression-in-human-endothelial-progenitor-cells
#1
Wei-Cheng Chen, Ching-Hu Chung, Yung-Chang Lu, Min-Huan Wu, Po-Hsun Chou, Juei-Yu Yen, Yu-Wei Lai, Guo-Shou Wang, Shih-Chia Liu, Jen-Kun Cheng, Yih-Jer Wu, Hung-I Yeh, Li-Yu Wang, Shih-Wei Wang
Bone morphogenetic proteins-2 (BMP-2) is a multifunctional cytokine, capable of governing several cellular functions, including proliferation, motility, differentiation, and angiogenesis. Circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) have been shown to facilitate tissue repair, postnatal neovascularization, and tumor associated angiogenesis. Nevertheless, the impact of BMP-2 on angiogenesis of human EPCs has largely remained a mystery. In this study, we found that BMP-2 promoted cell migration and tube formation of EPCs in a concentration-dependent manner, indicating BMP-2 induced in vitro angiogenesis in human EPCs...
February 16, 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457276/abrus-agglutinin-stimulates-bmp-2-dependent-differentiation-through-autophagic-degradation-of-%C3%AE-catenin-in-colon-cancer-stem-cells
#2
Prashanta Kumar Panda, Prajna Paramita Naik, Prakash P Praharaj, Biswa Ranjan Meher, Piyush Kumar Gupta, Rama S Verma, Tapas K Maiti, Muthu K Shanmugam, Arunachalam Chinnathambi, Sulaiman Ali Alharbi, Gautam Sethi, Rajesh Agarwal, Sujit K Bhutia
Eradicating cancer stem cells (CSCs) in colorectal cancer (CRC) through differentiation therapy is a promising approach for cancer treatment. Our retrospective tumor-specimen analysis elucidated alteration in the expression of bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) and β-catenin during the colon cancer progression, indicating that their possible intervention through "forced differentiation" in colon cancer remission. We reveal that Abrus agglutinin (AGG) induces the colon CSCs differentiation, enhancing sensitive to the anticancer therapeutics...
February 19, 2018: Molecular Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454361/wnt-signaling-enhances-neural-crest-migration-of-melanoma-cells-and-induces-an-invasive-phenotype
#3
Tobias Sinnberg, Mitchell P Levesque, Jelena Krochmann, Phil F Cheng, Kristian Ikenberg, Francisco Meraz-Torres, Heike Niessner, Claus Garbe, Christian Busch
BACKGROUND: During embryonic development Wnt family members and bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) cooperatively induce epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in the neural crest. Wnt and BMPs are reactivated during malignant transformation in melanoma. We previously demonstrated that the BMP-antagonist noggin blocked the EMT phenotype of melanoma cells in the neural crest and malignant invasion of melanoma cells in the chick embryo; vice-versa, malignant invasion was induced in human melanocytes in vivo by pre-treatment with BMP-2...
February 17, 2018: Molecular Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449696/snail-regulates-bmp-and-tgf%C3%AE-pathways-to-control-the-differentiation-status-of-glioma-initiating-cells
#4
Laia Caja, Kalliopi Tzavlaki, Mahsa S Dadras, E-Jean Tan, Gad Hatem, Naga P Maturi, Anita Morén, Lotta Wik, Yukihide Watanabe, Katia Savary, Masood Kamali-Moghaddan, Lene Uhrbom, Carl-Henrik Heldin, Aristidis Moustakas
Glioblastoma multiforme is a brain malignancy characterized by high heterogeneity, invasiveness, and resistance to current therapies, attributes related to the occurrence of glioma stem cells (GSCs). Transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) promotes self-renewal and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) induces differentiation of GSCs. BMP7 induces the transcription factor Snail to promote astrocytic differentiation in GSCs and suppress tumor growth in vivo. We demonstrate that Snail represses stemness in GSCs. Snail interacts with SMAD signaling mediators, generates a positive feedback loop of BMP signaling and transcriptionally represses the TGFB1 gene, decreasing TGFβ1 signaling activity...
February 16, 2018: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449428/a-novel-piperidine-identified-by-stem-cell-based-screening-attenuates-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-via-regulating-bmp2-and-ptgs2-levels
#5
Yanjiang Xing, Shuang Zhao, Qingxia Wei, Shiqiang Gong, Xin Zhao, Fang Zhou, Rafia Ai-Lamki, Daniel Ortmann, Mingxia Du, Roger Pedersen, Guangdong Shang, Shuyi Si, Nicholas W Morrell, Jun Yang
Genetic defects in bone morphogenetic protein type-II receptor (BMPRII) signalling and inflammation contribute to the pathogenesis of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). The receptor is activated by BMP ligands, which also enhance BMPR2 transcription. A small molecule BMP upregulator with selectivity on vascular endothelium would represent a desirable therapeutic intervention for PAH.We assayed compounds identified in the screening of BMP2 upregulators for their ability to increase expression of Inhibitor of DNA binding 1 (Id1), using a dual reporter driven specifically in human embryonic stem cell (hESC)-derived endothelial cells (ECs)...
February 15, 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449337/alk1-activin-receptor-like-kinase-1-loss-results-in-vascular-hyperplasia-in-mice-and-humans-through-pi3k-phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase-activation
#6
Elisenda Alsina-Sanchís, Yaiza García-Ibáñez, Ana M Figueiredo, Carla Riera-Domingo, Agnès Figueras, Xavier Matias-Guiu, Oriol Casanovas, Luisa M Botella, Miquel A Pujana, Antoni Riera-Mestre, Mariona Graupera, Francesc Viñals
OBJECTIVE: ALK1 (activin-receptor like kinase 1) is an endothelial cell-restricted receptor with high affinity for BMP (bone morphogenetic protein) 9 TGF-β (transforming growth factor-β) family member. Loss-of-function mutations in ALK1 cause a subtype of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia-a rare disease characterized by vasculature malformations. Therapeutic strategies are aimed at reducing potential complications because of vascular malformations, but currently, there is no curative treatment for hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia...
February 15, 2018: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448002/gdf11-expression-in-the-adult-rat-central-nervous-system
#7
Yutaro Hayashi, Sumiko Mikawa, Kazuma Masumoto, Fuminori Katou, Kohji Sato
Growth differentiation factor 11 (GDF11), also known as bone morphogenetic protein 11 (BMP11), is a member of the transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) superfamily. Although GDF11 plays pivotal roles during development, including anterior/posterior patterning, formation of the kidney, stomach, spleen and endocrine pancreas, little information is available for GDF11 expression in the adult central nervous system (CNS). We, thus, investigated GDF11 expression in the adult rat CNS using immunohistochemistry. GDF11 was intensely expressed in most neurons and their axons...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447305/pseudo-pedicle-heterotopic-ossification-from-use-of-recombinant-human-bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-rhbmp-2-in-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-cages
#8
Charles D Rosen, P Douglas Kiester, Thay Q Lee
We conducted a study to determine the common characteristics of patients who developed radiculopathy symptoms and corresponding heterotopic ossification (HO) from transforaminal lumbar interbody fusions (TLIF) using recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 (rhBMP-2). HO can arise from a disk space with rhBMP-2 use in TLIF. Formation of bone around nerve roots or the thecal sac can cause a radiculopathy with a consistent pattern of symptoms. We identified 38 patients (26 males, 12 females) with a mean (SD) age of 50...
January 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445961/application-of-combined-porous-tantalum-scaffolds-loaded-with-bone-morphogenetic-protein-7-to-repair-of-osteochondral-defect-in-rabbits
#9
Qian Wang, Hui Zhang, Hongquan Gan, Hui Wang, Qijia Li, Zhiqiang Wang
PURPOSE: Porous tantalum (PT) has been widely used in orthopaedic applications for low modulus of elasticity, excellent biocompatibility, and the microstructures similar to cancellous bone. In order to improve the biological activity of PT, biologically active factors can be combined with the material. The purpose of this study was to investigate if bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP-7) modifications could enhance the repairing of cartilage of PT in osteochondral defect in medial femoral condyle of rabbits...
February 14, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442285/diverse-effect-of-bmp-2-homodimer-on-mesenchymal-progenitors-of-different-origin
#10
Edit Hrubi, László Imre, Agnieszka Robaszkiewicz, László Virág, Farkas Kerényi, Krisztina Nagy, Gábor Varga, Attila Jenei, Csaba Hegedüs
Bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2), is a potential factor to enhance osseointegration of dental implants. However, the appropriate cellular system to investigate the osteogenic effect of BMP-2 in vitro in a standardized manner still needs to be defined. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of BMP-2 on the cell proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of human osteogenic progenitors of various origins: dental pulp stem cells (DPSC), human osteosarcoma cell line (Saos-2) and human embryonic palatal mesenchymal cell line (HEPM)...
February 13, 2018: Human Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441462/up-regulation-of-mir-340-5p-promotes-progression-of-thyroid-cancer-by-inhibiting-bmp4
#11
P Zhao, W Ma, Z Hu, Y Zhang, S Zhang, Y Wang
PURPOSE: The incidence of thyroid cancer is increasing and the proliferation of thyroid cancer cells is incompletely understood. microRNAs may play key roles in thyroid cancer progression. METHODS: We analyzed miR-340-5p in thyroid cancer tissue and normal tissue, and using informatics to predict its target. Cell lines and a mouse model were used to study the role of miR-340-5p in cancer proliferation. RESULTS: Overexpression of miR-340-5p was found in thyroid cancer specimens...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440901/guided-osteoporotic-bone-regeneration-with-composite-scaffolds-of-mineralized-ecm-heparin-membrane-loaded-with-bmp2-related-peptide
#12
Tingfang Sun, Man Liu, Sheng Yao, Yanhui Ji, Lei Shi, Kai Tang, Zekang Xiong, Fan Yang, Kaifang Chen, Xiaodong Guo
Introduction: At present, the treatment of osteoporotic defects poses a great challenge to clinicians, owing to the lower regeneration capacity of the osteoporotic bone as compared with the normal bone. The guided bone regeneration (GBR) technology provides a promising strategy to cure osteoporotic defects using bioactive membranes. The decellularized matrix from the small intestinal submucosa (SIS) has gained popularity for its natural microenvironment, which induces cell response. Materials and methods: In this study, we developed heparinized mineralized SIS loaded with bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2)-related peptide P28 (mSIS/P28) as a novel GBR membrane for guided osteoporotic bone regeneration...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438559/oxidative-stress-increases-m1dg-a-major-peroxidation-derived-dna-adduct-in-mitochondrial-dna
#13
Orrette R Wauchope, Michelle M Mitchener, William N Beavers, James J Galligan, Jeannie M Camarillo, William D Sanders, Philip J Kingsley, Ha-Na Shim, Thomas Blackwell, Thong Luong, Mark deCaestecker, Joshua P Fessel, Lawrence J Marnett
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are formed in mitochondria during electron transport and energy generation. Elevated levels of ROS lead to increased amounts of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) damage. We report that levels of M1dG, a major endogenous peroxidation-derived DNA adduct, are 50-100-fold higher in mtDNA than in nuclear DNA in several different human cell lines. Treatment of cells with agents that either increase or decrease mitochondrial superoxide levels leads to increased or decreased levels of M1dG in mtDNA, respectively...
February 9, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438260/endothelial-cell-biology-of-endoglin-in-hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia
#14
Wade W Sugden, Arndt F Siekmann
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Mutations in the Endoglin (Eng) gene, an auxiliary receptor in the transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ)-superfamily signaling pathway, are responsible for the human vascular disorder hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) type 1, characterized in part by blood vessel enlargement. A growing body of work has uncovered an autonomous role for Eng in endothelial cells. We will highlight the influence of Eng on distinct cellular behaviors, such as migration and shape control, which are ultimately important for the assignment of proper blood vessel diameters...
February 12, 2018: Current Opinion in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436646/in-vitro-evaluation-of-a-bone-morphogenetic-protein%C3%A2-2-nanometer-hydroxyapatite-collagen-scaffold-for-bone-regeneration
#15
Yue Cai, Shuang Tong, Ran Zhang, Tong Zhu, Xukai Wang
Scaffold fabrication and biocompatibility are crucial for successful bone tissue engineering. Nanometer hydroxyapatite (nHAP) combined with collagen (COL) is frequently utilized as a suitable osseous scaffold material. Furthermore, growth factors, including bone morphogenetic protein‑2 (BMP‑2), are used to enhance the scaffold properties. The present study used blending and freeze‑drying methods to develop a BMP‑2‑nHAP‑COL scaffold. An ELISA was performed to determine the BMP‑2 release rate from the scaffold...
February 8, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436622/hepatocyte-growth-factor-improves-bone-regeneration-via-the-bone-morphogenetic-protein%C3%A2-2%C3%A2-mediated-nf%C3%A2-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway
#16
Ruixin Zhen, Jianing Yang, Yu Wang, Yubo Li, Bin Chen, Youxin Song, Guiyun Ma, Bo Yang
Bone regeneration is an important process associated with the treatment of osteonecrosis, which is caused by various factors. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is an active biological factor that has multifunctional roles in cell biology, life sciences and clinical medicine. It has previously been suggested that bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)‑2 exerts beneficial roles in bone formation, repair and angiogenesis in the femoral head. The present study aimed to investigate the benefits and molecular mechanisms of HGF in bone regeneration...
February 6, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436597/the-interplay-of-bmp4-and-il%C3%A2-7-regulates-the-apoptosis-of-intestinal-intraepithelial-lymphocytes-under-conditions-of-ischemia%C3%AC-reperfusion
#17
Binyu Luo, Kang Chen, Qi Feng, Weidong Xiao, Dan Ma, Hua Yang, Chaojun Zhang
The number and function of intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) have been found to be significantly reduced following induction of acute intestinal mucosal damage via intestinal ischemia̸reperfusion (I̸R). However, the mechanism underlying this reduction remains unclear. Therefore, it was hypothesized that the interplay of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)4 and interleukin (IL)‑7 regulates IEL function and number. Recent studies have demonstrated that the different components of the BMP2̸4 signaling pathway are expressed in intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) via the activation of nuclear factor (NF)‑κB...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435407/bmp3-expression-by-osteoblast-lineage-cells-is-regulated-by-canonical-wnt-signaling
#18
Shoichiro Kokabu, Vicki Rosen
Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) and canonical Wnt (cWnt) signaling factors are both known to regulate bone mass, fracture risk, fracture repair, and osteoblastogenesis. BMP3 is the most abundant BMP and negatively regulates osteoblastogenesis and bone mass. Thus, identifying the mechanism by which BMP3 acts to depress bone formation may allow for the development of new therapeutics useful in the treatment for osteopenia and osteoporosis. Here, we report that cWnt signaling stimulates BMP3 expression in osteoblast (OB) lineage cells...
February 2018: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435112/lncrna-malat1-regulates-smooth-muscle-cell-phenotype-switch-via-activation-of-autophagy
#19
Tie-Feng Song, Li-Wen Huang, Ying Yuan, Hui-Qin Wang, Hong-Peng He, Wen-Jian Ma, Li-Hong Huo, Hao Zhou, Nan Wang, Tong-Cun Zhang
Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), switching from a differentiated to a proliferative phenotype, contribute to various vascular diseases. However, the role of long noncoding RNA metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 MALAT1 in the phenotype switching of VSMCs remains unclear. Here, we report that the knockdown of MALAT1 promotes the transformation of smooth muscle cells from a proliferative phenotype to a differentiated phenotype. MALAT1 knockdown inhibited cellular proliferation and migration, leading to significant cell cycle arrest in the G2 phase...
January 12, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435070/mmp-2-silencing-reduces-the-osteogenic-transformation-of-fibroblasts-by-inhibiting-the-activation-of-the-bmp-smad-pathway-in-ankylosing-spondylitis
#20
Bo Yuan, Zhiming Wu
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a common type of rheumatoid disease, which has recently been demonstrated to be associated with the expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether MMP-2 interference reduced the osteogenic differentiation of fibroblasts and to explore the mechanism involved in the differentiation. Fibroblasts from patients with AS were divided into control, mock and small interfering (si)RNA-MMP-2 groups. Cell viability was assessed using the MTT assay...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
keyword
keyword
12930
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"