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Serena Parnanzone, Dario Serrone, Maria Cristina Rossetti, Simona D'Onofrio, Alessandra Splendiani, Valeria Micelli, Alessandro Rossi, Francesca Pacitti
Schizophrenia is a common, severe and chronically disabling mental illness. Most of MRI studies in schizophrenia suggest the involvement of white matter (WM) pathology in multiple cerebral regions in the neurobiology of this condition. White matter fiber tracts connecting numerous cortical regions have been the focus of a number of studies using a magnetic resonance technique called “Diffusion Tensor Imaging” (DTI). A literature search of published DTI studies was conducted using the major database National Centre for Biotechnology information (NCBI) PubMed (MEDLINE)...
March 2017: Rivista di Psichiatria
Silvia Bacciardi, Angelo G I Maremmani, Nooshin Nikoo, Luca Cambioli, Christian Schütz, Kerry Jang, Michael Krausz
INTRODUCTION: Links between Bipolar Disorder (BD) and medical conditions are increasingly reported. Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a prevalent medical condition found in homeless populations. urdens associated with BD in the homeless population. AIM: This paper examines the correlation between the presence of BD and TBI, comparing homeless affected by Bipolar Disorder, Unipolar Depression (UD) and Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorder (SSD), controlled for other TBI risk factors such as age, gender, comorbid alcohol and substance use disorders as the confounding variables...
January 2017: Rivista di Psichiatria
Camilla Callegari, Ivano Caselli, Lorenza Bertù, Emanuela Berto, Simone Vender
AIM: In psychiatric rehabilitation the individual treatment plan can be formulated from tools that provide a multidimensional assessment of the patient. This study aims to analyze the relationship between distress and recovery style (integration and sealing over) from the psychosis. Assuming that this relationship affects the burden management, the study has the additional target of gaining more elements to direct the formulation of more effective therapeutic / rehabilitation programs...
July 2016: Rivista di Psichiatria
Ilaria Santini, Paolo Stratta, Simona D'Onofrio, Ida De Lauretis, Valeria Santarelli, Francesca Pacitti, Alessandro Rossi
INTRODUCTION: The metabolic syndrome (MS) is an area of interest for mental health research because individuals with mental illnesses have an increased risk of medical morbidity and mortality compared with the general population. This cross-sectional study is aimed to estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in an Italian psychiatric sample, treated with different types of antipsychotics. METHODS: The data were derived from medical records of patient with affective and non-affective psychosis, admitted to the Hospital of L'Aquila psychiatric ward, from January 2012 to July 2014...
January 2016: Rivista di Psichiatria
Angelo Cocchi, Anna Cavicchini, Marzia Collavo, Lucio Ghio, Sara Macchi, Anna Meneghelli, Antonio Preti
AIM: This is the first comprehensive, nationwide survey aimed at collecting evidence about the process of implementation and development of early intervention in psychosis (EIP) services (EIPs) in Italy, following the establishment of the pilot program 'Programma 2000' in 1999 and the publishing of the Italian National Guidelines in 2007. This survey covers all the Departments of Mental Health (DMHs) operating in Italy in 2013. METHODS: Using a purpose-designed form to assess EIP implementation, all directors of public mental health services for adults throughout Italy (n = 216) were asked to provide information about the activities of EIP-relevant local services...
February 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Domenico De Berardis, Maurizio Brucchi, Nicola Serroni, Gabriella Rapini, Daniela Campanella, Federica Vellante, Alessandro Valchera, Michele Fornaro, Felice Iasevoli, Monica Mazza, Giuliana Lucidi, Giovanni Martinotti, Massimo di Giannantonio
In 1880 the French neurologist Jules Cotard described a condition characterized by delusion of negation (nihilistic delusion) in a melancholia context. Recently, there has been a resurgence of interest in Cotard's syndrome (CS), but the nosographical figure of CS remains unclear. It isn't determined if it pertains to the delusional themes area or if it is related to the sense of immanent ruin in some depressive episodes. For these reasons CS has recently been supposed to be an intermediate form. Furthermore, since even less is known about secondary CS in subjects who had never suffered of psychiatric disorders, in the present case we report the development of a secondary CS in a female patient who underwent a lumpectomy for the removal of a benign fibroadenoma...
March 2015: Rivista di Psichiatria
Mayela Rodríguez-Violante, Salvador Velázquez-Osuna, Amin Cervantes-Arriaga, Teresa Corona-Vázquez, Camilo de la Fuente-Sandoval
INTRODUCTION: Psychosis associated with Parkinson's disease is a major neuropsychiatric complication; it has been reported that 60% of patients will develop psychosis during the disease evolution. Its pathophysiology is multifactorial and clinically psychotic phenomena include minor hallucinations and confusional states. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study in patients with Parkinson's disease from a tertiary hospital using a thoughtful neurological and neuropsychiatric evaluation along with specific scales for non-motor symptoms, depression, cognition, and presence and severity of psychotic symptoms and hallucinations...
March 2015: Gaceta Médica de México
Federica Pinna, Lucia Sanna, Valeria Perra, Rachele Pisu Randaccio, Enrica Diana, Bernardo Carpiniello
BACKGROUND: A number of studies suggest that the clinical characteristics and long-term outcome of schizoaffective patients closely resemble those observed in schizophrenia when cases are diagnosed according to DSM criteria. The primary aim was to compare remission and recovery rates in a cohort of chronic schizoaffective and schizophrenic outpatients. METHODS: A sample of 102 consecutive outpatients, 46 affected by schizophrenia (45.1%, mean age 44.22±9.97 years) and 66 affected by schizoaffective disorder (54...
January 2014: Rivista di Psichiatria
Lidia Viñas Cabrera, María Isabel Fernández San-Martín, Luis Miguel Martín López
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a joint team intervention between primary care (PC) and mental health (MH) to improve information on cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) in psychotic patients. DESIGN: Multicenter before-after intervention study. LOCATION: Seven primary care and 2 mental health centers in Barcelona participated. PARTICIPANTS: All patients between 18-65 years old with a confirmed diagnosis of psychosis assigned to PC teams (n = 690) are included...
June 2013: Atencion Primaria
Ignacio Vera, Livia Rezende, Vicente Molina, Javier Sanz-Fuentenebro
Schizophrenia is currently conceptualized as a neurodevelopmental disorder with progressive clinical, neurophysiological and neurostructural deterioration mostly occurring at early stages of the disease. During the last years, several early intervention programs have tried to modify the natural history of the disease. The choice of antipsychotic treatment adapted to the specific needs of the patient would make it possible to optimize the results of the intervention programs in first psychotic episodes. Clozapine has become a keystone in the treatment of psychosis, with multiple contributions to the treatment of schizophrenia...
September 2012: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
Berber M Van Der Vleugel, David P G Van Den Berg, Anton B P Staring
In this article we describe three interactions between trauma, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and psychosis: 1. many patients with psychotic disorders suffered from traumatic life experiences that play an important role in the onset and content of their psychosis; 2. the experience of psychosis as well as its psychiatric treatment may result in post-traumatic stress symptoms; 3. if psychosis and PTSD occur simultaneously, there is a substantial risk for reciprocal negative reinforcement of both symptom groups as well as for potentially on going traumatization...
March 2012: Rivista di Psichiatria
Pilar del Valle-López, Rosa Pérez-García, Rosa Sanguino-Andrés, Emilio González-Pablos
Hallervorden-Spatz disease is a rare neurological disorder characterized by pyramidal and extrapyramidal manifestations, dysarthria and dementia. Its onset is usually in childhood and most patients have a fatal outcome in few years. A high percentage of cases are hereditary with a recessive autosomal pattern. In the majority of the patients reported, a mutation of the gene that encodes the pantothenate kinase (PANK2) located in the 20p13-p12.3 chromosome that causes iron storage in the basal ganglia of the brain has been found...
July 2011: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
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