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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231703/effects-of-water-addition-to-total-mixed-ration-on-water-intake-nutrient-digestibility-wool-cortisol-and-blood-indices-in-corriedale-ewes
#1
Jalil Ghassemi Nejad, Byong-Wan Kim, Bae-Hun Lee, Kyung Il Sung, Ji-Yung Kim
Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the effect of adding water to total mixed ration (TMR) on fresh water intake, nutrient digestibility, wool cortisol, and blood indices in Corriedale ewes under hot and humid conditions. Methods: Nine non-pregnant Corriedale ewes (ave. BW = 41 ± 3.5 kg) were individually fed diets based on maintenance requirements in metabolic crates. Ewes were assigned to three treatment groups according to a triplicate 3×3 Latin Square design for 3 periods of 21 days duration each (9 ewes per treatment, 27 replications)...
February 23, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231698/effect-of-feeding-of-blend-of-essential-oils-on-methane-production-growth-nutrient-utilization-in-growing-buffaloes
#2
M A Yatoo, L C Chaudhary, Neeta Agarwal, V B Chaturvedi, D N Kamra
Objective: An experiment was conducted to study the effect of a blend of essential oils (BEO) on enteric methane emission and growth performance of buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). Methods: Twenty one growing male buffaloes (average body weight of 279 ± 9.3 kg) were divided in to three groups. The animals of all the three groups were fed on a ration consisting of wheat straw and concentrate mixture targeting 500g daily live weight gain. The three dietary groups were; Group1: control without additive, Group 2 and 3: supplemented with BEO @ 0...
February 23, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231685/unmet-psychosocial-needs-in-adolescents-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#3
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are severe medical conditions with adverse impact on the quality of life of both children and their caregivers. IBD are associated with many limitations in personal and interpersonal functioning, and it also restricts the patients' ability to use the full potential (extent) of their capabilities. With the progress and humanization in society, the issue of patients' needs became an important topic; however, the psychosocial functioning and quality of life of adolescents suffering from IBD and their caregivers have been understudied...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231683/the-adverse-effects-of-exercise-and-supraphysiological-dose-of-testosterone-enanthate-te-on-exploratory-activity-in-elevated-plus-maze-epm-test-indications-for-using-total-exploratory-activity-tea-as-a-new-parameter-for-exploratory-activity-estimation-in-epm
#4
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was the estimation of effects induced by chronic administration of supraphysiological dose of TE and prolonged exercise in male rats on anxiety levels (alterations in exploratory activity patterns in EPM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two sedentary (control - C and testosterone-enanthate - T) and two exercise (exercise - E and testosterone-enanthate plus exercise - T+E) groups (n=32) underwent adequate protocols - the swimming protocol (1 h/day) and TE (20 mg/kg/w, s...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231682/unmet-needs-of-the-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#5
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a disabling mental disorder with the chronic and difficult course. The disorder is accompanied by numerous limitations in personal and interpersonal functioning. OCD decreases the quality of life and the chance to maintain relationships and professional status. The patients with OCD often experience a severe disabling course of the disorder. Even the individuals, who follow treatment advice, are often still highly symptomatic. In the last decade, the concept of the needs has been assessed as an extent of the traditional outcome evaluation in order to focus on the identification of the specific needs of the patients and their relatives, improve the patients´ overall mental condition and quality of life, and also to increase the treatment effectiveness of the mental disorders...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231677/-a-systematic-review-of-worldwide-natural-history-models-of-colorectal-cancer-classification-transition-rate-and-a-recommendation-for-developing-chinese-population-specific-model
#6
Z F Li, H Y Huang, J F Shi, C G Guo, S M Zou, C C Liu, Y Wang, L Wang, S L Zhu, S L Wu, M Dai
Objective: To review the worldwide studies on natural history models among colorectal cancer (CRC), and to inform building a Chinese population-specific CRC model and developing a platform for further evaluation of CRC screening and other interventions in population in China. Methods: A structured literature search process was conducted in PubMed and the target publication dates were from January 1995 to December 2014. Information about classification systems on both colorectal cancer and precancer on corresponding transition rate, were extracted and summarized...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231671/-spatiotemporal-characteristics-of-hiv-aids-in-shandong-province-2009-2015
#7
N Zhang, X G Yang, G Y Wang, X R Tao, D M Kang, N Wang
Objective: To analyze the spatiotemporal characteristics of HIV/AIDS in Shandong province, 2009-2015. Methods: Data on HIV/AIDS between 2009 and 2015 were derived from the Shandong provincial HIV/AIDS Comprehensive Response Information Management System at the end of 2015. All the data were geographically referenced based on 139 spatial units in the related counties of Shandong province. Electronic maps were obtained from China CDC. Global Moran' s I statistics and LISA statistics were used to detect the global and local spatial distribution patterns of HIV/AIDS in Shandong...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231669/-consistency-analysis-on-acute-hepatitis-b-inpatients-reported-by-hepatitis-b-surveillance-pilot-spots-in-six-provinces-of-china
#8
N Miao, G M Zhang, F Z Wang, H Zheng, X J Sun, X J Ma, F Q Cui
Objective: To understand the characteristics of acute hepatitis B inpatients reported by the hepatitis B surveillance pilot points and to estimate the consistency between the diagnosed and reported types of hepatitis B by the clinicians involved. Methods: Data related to acute hepatitis B was from the NNDRS and the characteristics of acute hepatitis B were classified by querying Hospital Information System. We recorded the results based on clinical diagnosis and analyzed the consistency between the reported and diagnosed types that the clinicians made, on hepatitis B...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231668/-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-chinese-adults-in-2010-2012
#9
Y N He, W H Zhao, L Y Zhao, D M Yu, J Zhang, X G Yang, G G Ding
Objective: To estimate the prevalence and distribution of metabolic syndrome (MS) in Chinese adults. Methods: Cross-sectional data on 104 098 men and women aged 18 years or above was gathered from 150 monitoring sites from 31 provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities from the China National Health and Nutrition Surveillance (2010-2012) Project. Data was randomly selected by multi-stage stratified and Probability Proportionate to Size (PPS) cluster random sampling method. Prevalence of MS was defined under the diagnostic criteria of China Diabetes Society (CDS)...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231663/-factors-associated-with-lost-of-follow-up-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-a-gay-bathhouse-cohort-study-in-tianjin-2012-2015
#10
Y Guo, N Zhou, J Yang, P Xu, H Gong, M H Yu
Objective: To understand the rate of follow-up lost in men who have sex with men (MSM) in a gay bathhouse cohort study in Tianjin and the associated factors. Methods: The open cohort study in gay bathhouse was launched in 2012 in Tianjin, and the MSM for baseline survey were recruited from January to June 2012, while the follow up was carried out every six months. A questionnaire survey and HIV test were conducted in the study. The MSM who were HIV negative in the baseline survey in 2012 were used for follow up lost analysis...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231661/-a-retrospective-cohort-study-on-survival-status-of-aids-patients-among-15-or-above-year-olds-in-henan-province-from-2008-to-2015
#11
W J Yang, N Li, Y Liang, J Li, P Y Fan, D Y Sun, Q Zhu, Z Wang
Objective: To explore the survival status and affecting factors among patients diagnosed as AIDS, in Henan province. Methods: Database of AIDS patients were downloaded from the China information system for disease prevention and control-AIDS with a retrospective study conducted. Inclusion criteria on patients would involve those diagnosed between 2008 and 2015, aged 15 years or above. Results: A total number of 25 525 HIV/AIDS patients were enrolled in this study. During the follow-up period, the overall mortality among all the patients was 24...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231655/-study-on-the-situation-of-drug-use-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-diseases-in-the-chinese-communities-of-large-cities
#12
T Xiao, X Y Chen, N Wang, Q Zhao, C W Fu, B Xu
Objectives: To understand the medication being used among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) in Chinese communities of large cities. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out in Beijing, Shanghai, Chengdu and Guangzhou with the total number as 678 COPD cases who were continuously recruited. Subjects were face-to-face interviewed using a structured questionnaire and with medical records checked at the same time. All data were double entered into a database under EpiData 3.1, and analyzed by SAS 9...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231654/-relation-between-waist-circumference-and-risk-of-male-lung-cancer-incidence-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
S H Xie, G Wang, L W Guo, S H Chen, K Su, F Li, S Chang, X S Feng, Z Y Lyu, Y H Chen, J S Ren, H Cui, N Li, S L Wu, M Dai, J He
Objective: To investigate the association between waist circumference and risk of male lung cancer incidence. Methods: Since May 1, 2006, all the male employees including the retirees in Kailuan Group had been recruited into a Chinese Kailuan Male Cohort study. Information on anthropometries including body weight, height and waist circumference were collected at the baseline investigation, as well as information on newly-diagnosed lung cancer cases during the follow-up period. Waist circumference was grouped by quintiles of the population waist circumference distribution and categorized into the following five groups: <80, 80-, 85-, 90- and ≥95 cm, with the relevant normal group, the second quintile group (80-cm), serving as the referent category...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231643/three-dimensional-reconstruction-computed-tomography-evaluation-of-the-tunnel-location-and-angle-in-anatomic-single-bundle-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-comparison-of-the-anteromedial-portal-and-outside-in-techniques
#14
Kang-Il Kim, Sang Hak Lee, Chanil Bae, Sung Hae Bae
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the geometry and position of the femoral tunnel between the anteromedial portal (AMP) and outside-in (OI) techniques after anatomic single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Materials and Methods: We evaluated 82 patients undergoing single-bundle ACL reconstruction with hamstring autografts using either the AMP (n=40) or OI (n=42) technique. The locations of the tunnel apertures were assessed by postoperative 3-dimensional computed tomography imaging...
March 1, 2017: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231626/default-mode-network-deactivation-to-smoking-cue-relative-to-food-cue-predicts-treatment-outcome-in-nicotine-use-disorder
#15
Claire E Wilcox, Eric D Claus, Vince D Calhoun, Srinivas Rachakonda, Rae A Littlewood, Jessica Mickey, Pamela B Arenella, Natalie Goodreau, Kent E Hutchison
Identifying predictors of treatment outcome for nicotine use disorders (NUDs) may help improve efficacy of established treatments, like varenicline. Brain reactivity to drug stimuli predicts relapse risk in nicotine and other substance use disorders in some studies. Activity in the default mode network (DMN) is affected by drug cues and other palatable cues, but its clinical significance is unclear. In this study, 143 individuals with NUD (male n = 91, ages 18-55 years) received a functional magnetic resonance imaging scan during a visual cue task during which they were presented with a series of smoking-related or food-related video clips prior to randomization to treatment with varenicline (n = 80) or placebo...
February 23, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231620/sustaining-guideline-implementation-a-multi-site-perspective-on-activities-challenges-and-supports
#16
Kathryn Smith Higuchi, Barbara Davies, Jenny Ploeg
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine activities conducted, challenges encountered, and supports used when sustaining nursing practice guideline implementation in multiple health care organizations over three years. BACKGROUND: Numerous models and frameworks exist to guide the implementation of guidelines, yet very few focus on sustaining improved practice changes. It is not known if one intervention or multiple interventions are required, nor the long-term activities, challenges, and supports for sustaining improved practices...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231619/connective-tissue-graft-and-tunnel-or-trapezoidal-flap-for-the-treatment-of-single-maxillary-gingival-recessions-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Mauro Pedrine Santamaria, Felipe Lucas da Silva Neves, Camila Augusto Silveira, Ingrid Fernandes Mathias, Stephanie Botti Fernandes-Dias, Maria Aparecida Neves Jardini, Dimitris N Tatakis
BACKGROUND: Although ample evidence supports connective tissue graft (CTG) use for root coverage, there is need for research on recipient site preparation approaches. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of trapezoidal coronally advanced flap (CAF) and coronally advanced tunnel flap (TUN) when used in conjunction with CTG. METHODS: Forty-two patients presenting 42 single maxillary, Miller Class I and II, gingival recession defects were randomly assigned to receive either CAF+CTG (N=21) or TUN+CTG (N=21)...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231618/the-patients-perspective-of-inr-self-testing-remote-communication-of-test-results-and-confidence-to-move-to-self-management
#18
Anne Grogan, Michael Coughlan, Geraldine Prizeman, Niamh o'Connell, Nora O'Mahony, Katherine Quinn, Gabrielle McKee
AIM: The aim of this study was to elicit the perceptions of patients, who self-tested their INR and communicated their results via a text or phone messaging system, to determine their satisfaction with the education and support that they received and to establish their confidence to move to self-management. BACKGROUND: Self-testing of INR has been shown to be reliable and is fast becoming common practice. As innovations are introduced to point of care testing, more research is needed to elicit patients' perceptions of the self-testing process...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231609/print-media-representations-of-united-kingdom-accident-and-emergency-treatment-targets-winter-2014-15
#19
Aimee Grant, Louise Hoyle
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: to undertake an analysis of UK national daily newspaper coverage of accident and emergency treatment targets, in order to understand if the media could be seen to be creating a scandal. BACKGROUND: Emergency Department treatment targets have become common in developed countries. In the United Kingdom (UK), hospitals are required to treat and discharge patients within four hours, and statistics are published daily. Breaches of targets are regularly reported by the UK print media...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231608/quantitative-analysis-of-malondialdehyde-guanine-adducts-in-genomic-dna-samples-by-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#20
S A Yates, N M Dempster, M F Murphy, S A Moore
RATIONALE: The lipid peroxidation product malondialdehyde forms M1 dG adducts with guanine bases in genomic DNA. The analysis of these adducts is important as a biomarker of lipid peroxidation, oxidative stress and inflammation which may be linked to disease risk or exposure to a range of chemicals. METHODS: Genomic DNA samples were subjected to acid hydrolysis to release the adducts in the base form (M1 G) alongside the other purines. A liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method was optimised for the quantitation of the M1 G adducts in genomic DNA samples using product ion and multiple reaction mode scans...
February 23, 2017: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
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