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hemodialysis, hypertension, CAPD, transplant, glomerulonephritis

Chi Bon Leung, Wai Lun Cheung, Philip Kam Tao Li
Renal Registry was started by the Hospital Authority (HA) in Hong Kong in 1995. It is an online system developed by HA. It collects all patients under care in HA, which is about 90-95 % of all requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT) in Hong Kong. The total number of patients treated increased from 3312 in 1996 to 8510 in 2013. In 2013, there were 3501 renal transplant, 1192 hemodialysis (HD) and 3817 peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. In 2013, 1147 new patients joined the RRT program, 49.6% of them suffered from diabetic nephropathy...
June 2015: Kidney International Supplements
Li-Tao Cheng, Hong-Ying Jiang, Li-Jun Tang, Tao Wang
BACKGROUND: A seasonal variation in blood pressure (BP) has been observed in hemodialysis and renal transplant patients. However, this phenomenon in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients, whose hemodynamics are different from hemodialysis patients, has not been reported before. In addition, the contribution of extracellular water (ECW) in the seasonal variation in BP is not clear. METHODS: All stable CAPD patients (n = 122) dialyzed in a single center from January 1, 2003 to December 12, 2004 were studied...
2006: Blood Purification
Giovanni B Fogazzi, Claudia Castelnovo
BACKGROUND: There are few studies concerning the clinical problems of patients from developing countries undergoing dialysis in European countries. This retrospective study aimed to describe the main clinical features of a group of these patients who happened to be on maintenance dialysis in our unit. METHODS: Analysis of the clinical features at presentation and at follow-up of a group of patients from developing countries who entered chronic dialysis in our unit over an 8 year period...
July 2004: Journal of Nephrology
Rashad S Barsoum
There are many similarities in the profile of chronic renal disease in the five North African countries, reflecting their close resemblance in ethnic background, bioecology and socioeconomic standards. The incidence of renal disease is much higher than that in the West, yet the prevalence is relatively lower, which mirrors the inadequacy of medical care facilities. The principal causes of end-stage chronic renal disease (ESRD) are interstitial nephritis (14 to 32%), often attributed to environmental pollution and inadvertent use of medications; glomerulonephritis (11 to 24%), mostly mesangioproliferative and focal segmental sclerosis; diabetes (5 to 20%) and nephrosclerosis (5 to 21%)...
February 2003: Kidney International. Supplement
A Blumberg
Diabetic nephropathy due to glomerulosclerosis develops in 40% of patients with type I diabetes (in type II the incidence is only around 5%). Two mechanisms are of pathogenetic importance: hemodynamic changes with glomerular hyperfiltration leading to glomerulosclerosis and proteinuria, and biochemical alterations of the glomerular basement membrane consisting of an increase and glycosylation of collagen IV as well as a decrease in negatively charged proteoglycans and sialic acid. Diabetic nephropathy runs through several stages, the first being characterized by hyperfunction and hypertrophy...
March 1, 1986: Schweizerische Medizinische Wochenschrift
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