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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770998/maternal-depressive-symptoms-are-negatively-associated-with-child-growth-and-development-evidence-from-rural-india
#1
Phuong Hong Nguyen, Jed Friedman, Mohini Kak, Purnima Menon, Harold Alderman
Maternal depression has been suggested as a risk factor for both poor child growth and development in many low- and middle-income countries, but the validity of many studies is hindered by small sample sizes, varying cut-offs used in depression diagnostics, and incomplete control of confounding factors. This study examines the association between maternal depressive symptoms (MDSs) and child physical growth and cognitive development in Madhya Pradesh, India, where poverty, malnutrition, and poor mental health coexist...
May 17, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770565/a-review-of-child-stunting-determinants-in-indonesia
#2
REVIEW
Ty Beal, Alison Tumilowicz, Aang Sutrisna, Doddy Izwardy, Lynnette M Neufeld
Child stunting reduction is the first of 6 goals in the Global Nutrition Targets for 2025 and a key indicator in the second Sustainable Development Goal of Zero Hunger. The prevalence of child stunting in Indonesia has remained high over the past decade, and at the national level is approximately 37%. It is unclear whether current approaches to reduce child stunting align with the scientific evidence in Indonesia. We use the World Health Organization conceptual framework on child stunting to review the available literature and identify what has been studied and can be concluded about the determinants of child stunting in Indonesia and where data gaps remain...
May 17, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767752/stunting-at-24-months-is-not-related-to-incidence-of-overweight-through-young-adulthood-in-an-urban-south-african-birth-cohort
#3
Sara K Hanson, Richard J Munthali, Elizabeth A Lundeen, Linda M Richter, Shane A Norris, Aryeh D Stein
Background: The role that childhood stunting plays in the development of overweight and obesity later in life is not well understood, particularly in adolescence and young adulthood, because most studies have only followed up through midchildhood. Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the relation between stunting and age-specific patterns of overweight and obesity incidence from early childhood to young adulthood in the context of a country in the process of the nutrition transition while these children were growing up...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767700/effects-of-iodized-salt-and-iodine-supplements-on-prenatal-and-postnatal-growth-a-systematic-review
#4
Jessica Farebrother, Celeste E Naude, Liesl Nicol, Zhongna Sang, Zhenyu Yang, Pieter L Jooste, Maria Andersson, Michael B Zimmermann
Hypothyroidism due to iodine deficiency can impair physical development, most visibly in the marked stunting of myxedematous cretinism caused by severe in utero iodine deficiency. Whether iodine repletion improves growth in noncretinous children is uncertain. Therefore, the aim of our systematic review was to assess the effects of iodine fortification or supplementation on prenatal and postnatal growth outcomes in noncretinous children. Following Cochrane methods and PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) reporting guidelines, we searched 10 databases including 2 Chinese databases (latest search February 2017)...
May 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765487/an-analysis-of-pediatric-scar-progression-over-time
#5
Blaire Slavin, Roberta Torres, Anne C Fischer
Objective: The advances in surgical approaches for a pyloromyotomy have all focused on creating smaller incisions from a right upper quadrant now to a laparoscopic umbilical incision. A key assumption is that the final scar retains the size of the original incision as the child matures. Our case reports on a family with several members, now adults, with the same surgery and same surgeon who had the right upper quadrant incision as infants to elucidate the extent of how infantile scars grow over time, significantly exceeding the original incision...
2018: Eplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764397/determinants-of-child-anthropometric-indicators-in-ethiopia
#6
Davod Ahmadi, Ekta Amarnani, Akankasha Sen, Narges Ebadi, Patrick Cortbaoui, Hugo Melgar-Quiñonez
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is one of the major contributors to child mortality in Ethiopia. Currently established, child nutrition status is assessed by four anthropometric indicators. However, there are other factors affecting children's anthropometric statuses. Thus, the main objective of this paper is to explore some of the determinants of child anthropometric indicators in Ethiopia. METHODS: Data from GROW (the Growing Nutrition for Mothers and Children), a survey including 1261 mothers and 1261 children was carried out in Ethiopia in 2016...
May 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763418/dietary-patterns-and-nutritional-status-of-hiv-infected-children-and-adolescents-in-el-salvador-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Rocio Martín-Cañavate, Michela Sonego, Maria Jose Sagrado, Gustavo Escobar, Estefanie Rivas, Sandra Ayala, Luis Castaneda, Pilar Aparicio, Estefania Custodio
INTRODUCTION: The present study aimed to assess the nutritional status, the dietary patterns and its associated factors in the HIV-infected population of children and adolescents on antiretroviral treatment at the El Salvador reference center for pediatric HIV care (CENID). METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out between December 2010 and December 2011. Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics were collected from 307 children and adolescents aged 2-18 years and receiving antiretroviral therapy...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756958/poor-breastfeeding-complementary-feeding-and-dietary-diversity-in-children-and-their-relationship-with-stunting-in-rural-communities
#8
Jessica Zaragoza Cortes, Luis Eduardo Trejo Osti, Moisés Ocampo Torres, Laura Maldonado Vargas, Alicia Arminda Ortiz Gress
INTRODUCTION: stunted growth is the most common manifestation of malnutrition in México. Breastfeeding, adequate introduction of complementary feeding and dietary diversity can avoid this. OBJECTIVE: to characterize the feeding practices in children 1-24 months of age in rural communities of Hidalgo and define their relationship with stunting. METHODS: a 24-hour recall was used to obtain information. Z-scores for length-for-age (ZLA), complementary feeding (CF) and minimal dietary diversity (MDD) were determined...
February 27, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755496/banana21-from-gene-discovery-to-deregulated-golden-bananas
#9
REVIEW
Jean-Yves Paul, Robert Harding, Wilberforce Tushemereirwe, James Dale
Uganda is a tropical country with a population in excess of 30 million, >80% of whom live in rural areas. Bananas ( Musa spp.) are the staple food of Uganda with the East African Highland banana, a cooking banana, the primary starch source. Unfortunately, these bananas are low in pro-vitamin A (PVA) and iron and, as a result, banana-based diets are low in these micronutrients which results in very high levels of inadequate nutrition. This inadequate nutrition manifests as high levels of vitamin A deficiency, iron deficiency anemia, and stunting in children...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750766/infectious-morbidity-mortality-and-nutrition-in-hiv-exposed-uninfected-formula-fed-infants-results-from-the-hptn-040-pactg-1043-trial
#10
Nava Yeganeh, D Heather Watts, Jiahong Xu, Tara Kerin, Esau C Joao, Jose Henrique Pilotto, Gerhard Theron, Glenda Gray, Breno Santos, Rosana Fonseca, Regis Kreitchmann, Jorge Pinto, Marisa M Mussi-Pinhata, Valdilea Veloso, Margaret Camarca, Lynne Mofenson, Jack Moye, Karin Nielsen-Saines
BACKGROUND: HIV exposed uninfected (HEU) infants are a growing population with potentially poor health outcomes. We evaluated morbidity and mortality in HEU formula-fed infants enrolled in the NICHD HPTN 040/PACTG 1043 trial. METHODS: Infectious morbidity, mortality, and undernutrition were evaluated within a cohort of 1,000 HEU infants enrolled between 4/2004 and 4/2010 in Brazil (N=766) and South Africa (N=234) as part of the NICHD/HPTN 040 trial of three different antiretroviral regimens to decrease intrapartum HIV vertical transmission...
May 10, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748656/the-capacity-load-model-of-non-communicable-disease-risk-understanding-the-effects-of-child-malnutrition-ethnicity-and-the-social-determinants-of-health
#11
REVIEW
Jonathan C K Wells
The capacity-load model is a conceptual model developed to improve understanding of the life-course aetiology of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and their ecological and societal risk factors. The model addresses continuous associations of both (a) nutrition and growth patterns in early life and (b) lifestyle factors at older ages with NCD risk. Metabolic capacity refers to physiological traits strongly contingent on early nutrition and growth during the first 1000 days, which promote the long-term capacity for homeostasis in the context of fuel metabolism and cardiovascular health...
May 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746745/-trends-of-malnutrition-in-mexican-children-under-five-years-from-1988-to-2016-analysis-of-five-national-surveys
#12
Lucía Cuevas-Nasu, Teresa Shamah-Levy, Sonia L Hernández-Cordero, L Dinorah González-Castell, Ignacio Méndez Gómez-Humarán, Marco A Ávila-Arcos, Juan A Rivera-Dommarco
OBJECTIVE: To study the magnitude, distribution and trends of undernutrition and overweight in Mexican children un¬der five years between 1988 and 2016. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Underweight, wasting, stunting and overweight prevalences were calculated, at national, regional and rural/ urban locality levels in children under five years from the 1988, 1999, 2006, 2012 and 2016 national probabilistic surveys. RESULTS: Currently 3.9% suffer underweight, 1...
May 2018: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746582/assembly-hub-function-of-er-localized-snare-proteins-in-biogenesis-of-tombusvirus-replication-compartment
#13
Zsuzsanna Sasvari, Nikolay Kovalev, Paulina Alatriste Gonzalez, Kai Xu, Peter D Nagy
Positive-strand RNA viruses assemble numerous membrane-bound viral replicase complexes within large replication compartments to support their replication in infected cells. Yet the detailed mechanism of how given subcellular compartments are subverted by viruses is incompletely understood. Although, Tomato bushy stunt virus (TBSV) uses peroxisomal membranes for replication, in this paper, we show evidence that the ER-resident SNARE (soluble NSF attachment protein receptor) proteins play critical roles in the formation of active replicase complexes in yeast model host and in plants...
May 10, 2018: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737810/pre-earthquake-national-patterns-of-preschool-child-undernutrition-and-household-food-insecurity-in-nepal-in-2013-and-2014
#14
Sudeep Shrestha, Andrew L Thorne-Lyman, Swetha Manohar, Binod Shrestha, Sumanta Neupane, Ruchita Rajbhandary, Raman Shrestha, Rolf Dw Klemm, Bareng As Nonyane, Ramesh K Adhikari, Patrick Webb, Keith P West
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Preschool undernutrition remains a burden in Nepal. This paper reports results of surveys in 2013 and 2014, examining patterns of child nutritional status across the country, associations with household food insecurity and antecedent comparative national data for subsequent evaluations of nutritional status following the earthquake in Nepal in 2015. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A multi-stage sample was drawn comprising 21 sites in 75 districts of the country, representing the mountains, hills and Terai zones, providing proportionate to zonal samples of 4286 and 4947 households and 5401 and 5474 preschool children in each year, respectively...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736993/children-with-cerebral-palsy-in-ghana-malnutrition-feeding-challenges-and-caregiver-quality-of-life
#15
Sarah Polack, Mel Adams, David O'banion, Marjolein Baltussen, Sandra Asante, Marko Kerac, Melissa Gladstone, Maria Zuurmond
AIM: To assess feeding difficulties and nutritional status among children with cerebral palsy (CP) in Ghana, and whether severity of feeding difficulties and malnutrition are independently associated with caregiver quality of life (QoL). METHOD: This cross-sectional survey included 76 children with CP (18mo-12y) from four regions of Ghana. Severity of CP was classified using the Gross Motor Function Classification System and anthropometric measures were taken. Caregivers rated their QoL (using the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory Family Impact Module) and difficulties with eight aspects of child feeding...
May 7, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734822/proposal-and-actions-to-decrease-malnutrition-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean
#16
Patricia Barreto, Carolina Batis, Gisele Bortolini, Daniela Canella, Gustavo Cediel, Jhoana Colina, Katherine Curi, Edgar Denova-Gutiérrez, Yoandry Díaz, Ana Clara Duran, Bárbara I Estrada-Velasco, Gabriela Fretes, Wendy González, Elka González, Susana López, Pamela Mattar, Mónica Mazariegos, Melissa Miranda, María Fernanda Mujica, Diana Murillo, Deborah Navarro-Rosenblatt, María J Ramirez-Luzuriaga, Ana Inés Soruco, María Elisa Zapata
While some of our countries are still facing nutrition deficiencies (stunting/short stature and micronutrient deficiencies), overweight and obesity are increasing in an alarming way. In addition, a very limited research network and lack of funding make it extremely challenging to foster collaborative efforts to address the complex nutritional problems that Latin America is facing. Therefore, as the future leaders in nutrition, we reinforce our commitment to improve our research capacity to identify opportunities for action to end malnutrition in all its forms in our region to address health disparities and to strengthen the Latin American Society of Nutrition...
January 1, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734044/tombusvirus-rna-replication-depends-on-the-tor-pathway-in-yeast-and-plants
#17
Jun-Ichi Inaba, Peter D Nagy
Similar to other (+)RNA viruses, tomato bushy stunt virus (TBSV) utilizes metabolites, lipids, membranes, and co-opted host factors during replication. The coordination of cell metabolism and growth with environmental cues is performed by the target of rapamycin (TOR) kinase in eukaryotic cells. In this paper, we find that TBSV replication partially inhibits TOR activity, likely due to recruitment of glycolytic enzymes to the viral replication compartment, which results in reduced ATP levels in the cytosol...
May 4, 2018: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734003/inner-envelope-chloroplast-manganese-transporter-1-supports-manganese-homeostasis-and-phototrophic-growth-in-arabidopsis
#18
Bin Zhang, Chi Zhang, Congge Liu, Yanping Jing, Yuan Wang, Ling Jin, Lei Yang, Aigen Fu, Jisen Shi, Fugeng Zhao, Wenzhi Lan, Sheng Luan
Manganese (Mn) is an essential catalytic metal in the Mn-cluster that oxidizes water to produce oxygen during photosynthesis. However, the transport protein(s) responsible for Mn2+ import into the chloroplast remains unknown. Here, we report the characterization of Arabidopsis CMT1 (Chloroplast Manganese Transporter 1), an evolutionarily conserved protein in the Uncharacterized Protein Family 0016 (UPF0016), that is required for manganese accumulation into the chloroplast. The CMT1 gene was expressed primarily in green tissues and the CMT1 protein was localized in the inner envelope membrane of the chloroplast...
May 5, 2018: Molecular Plant
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731966/-in-vitro-study-on-role-of-%C3%AF-b-protein-in-avian-reovirus-pathogenesis
#19
Manas R Praharaj, Aditya P Sahoo, Tapan K S Chauhan, Ravi Kumar Gandham, Shikha Saxena, Ravi K Agarwal, Kuldeep Dhama, Bina Mishra, Asok K Marriappan, Ashok K Tiwari, Puroshottam Prasad Goswami, Bishnu Prasad Mishra, Deepak Kumar
Avian reoviruses, members of Orthoreovirus genus was known to cause diseases like tenosynovitis, runting-stunting syndrome in chickens. Among eight structural proteins, the proteins of S-class are mainly associated with viral arthritis but the significance of σB protein in arthritis is not established till date. In this infection pathological condition together with infection of joints often leads to arthritis because joints consists of cartilage which forms lubricating surface between two bones, and has limited metabolic, replicative and repair capacity...
April 13, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730309/a-single-point-mutation-on-the-cucumber-mosaic-virus-surface-induces-an-unexpected-and-strong-interaction-with-the-f1-complex-of-the-atp-synthase-in-nicotiana-clevelandii-plants
#20
Ákos Gellért, Tímea Pósa, Attila Fábián, László Szabó, Károly Bóka, Barbara Forró, Katalin Salánki, László Drahos, Eszter Tóth, Angéla Juhász, Ervin Balázs
A previous study showed that a single amino acid difference in the cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) capsid protein (CP) elicits unusual symptoms. The wild-type strain (CMV-R) induces green mosaic symptoms and malformation while the mutant strain (CMV-R3E79R) causes chlorotic lesions on inoculated leaves and strong stunting with necrosis on systemic leaves. Virion preparations of CMV-R and CMV-R3E79R were partially purified from Nicotiana clevelandii A. Gray and analysed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Their separated protein patterns showed remarkable differences at the 50-75 kDa range, both in numbers and intensity of spots, with more protein spots for the mutant CMV...
May 3, 2018: Virus Research
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