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Adolescent nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452067/alcohol-and-drug-use-among-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-individuals-a-secondary-analysis-of-nhanes-2013-2014
#1
Melissa L Anderson, Bei-Hung Chang, Nisha Kini
BACKGROUND: Within the field of behavioral health research, one of the most understudied populations is the U.S. Deaf and hard-of-hearing (D/HH) population - a diverse group of individuals with hearing loss that have varied language and communication preferences, community affiliations, and sociocultural norms. Recent research identified concerning behavioral health disparities experienced by the D/HH population; yet, little research has been conducted to extend these findings to the topic of substance use disorder...
February 16, 2018: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449204/national-food-nutrition-and-physical-activity-survey-of-the-portuguese-general-population-2015-2016-protocol-for-design-and-development
#2
Carla Lopes, Duarte Torres, Andreia Oliveira, Milton Severo, Sofia Guiomar, Violeta Alarcão, Elisabete Ramos, Sara Rodrigues, Sofia Vilela, Luísa Oliveira, Jorge Mota, Pedro J Teixeira, Paulo J Nicola, Simão Soares, Lene Frost Andersen
BACKGROUND: The assessment of food consumption data using harmonized methodologies at the European level is fundamental to support the development of public policies. Portugal is one of the countries with the most outdated information on individual food consumption. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the design and methodology of the National Food, Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, 2015-2016, developed to collect national and regional data on dietary habits, physical activity (PA), and nutritional status, in a representative sample of the Portuguese general population (3 months-84 years)...
February 15, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447812/total-serum-bilirubin-levels-and-sensorineural-hearing-loss-in-the-us-adolescents-nhanes-2007-2010
#3
Guoli Zhou, Wenjiang Fu
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate whether current levels of total serum bilirubin are associated with different subtypes of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in adolescents. METHODS: A set of cross-sectional data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) (2007-2010) was used. A subset of 1404 adolescents was sampled for measurements of total serum bilirubin, tympanometry, and average pure tone threshold at low-frequencies (LPTA: 500, 1000, 2000 Hz) or high-frequencies (HPTA: 3000, 4000, 6000, and 8000 Hz)...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444106/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-strabismus-in-children-and-adolescents-in-south-korea-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2011
#4
Kyung Eun Han, Seung-Hee Baek, Seung-Hyun Kim, Key Hwan Lim
PURPOSE: To evaluate the prevalence and risk factors associated with horizontal strabismus in children and adolescents in South Korea. METHODS: A total of 5,935 children and adolescents 5-18 years of age who participated in the fourth and fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES IV-V) from July 2008 to December 2011 were evaluated and the prevalence of horizontal strabismus was estimated. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted to determine the association between demographic, socioeconomic and clinical risk factors and clinically significant exodeviation (≥15 prism diopters [PD]) and esodeviation (≥10 PD)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436293/parental-and-self-weight-perceptions-in-u-s-children-and-adolescents-nhanes-2005-2014
#5
Jiying Ling, Manfred Stommel
This study aimed to describe the parental and child self-weight perceptions and their associated sociodemographic factors. The 2005-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) sample of 16,869 children aged 2 to 17 years was used. For overweight/obese children aged 2 to 15 years, 61.2% of parents underestimated their child's weight. For overweight/obese children aged 8 to 17 years, 55.2% underestimated their own weight. For children aged 8 to 15 years, 77.8% parents and children agreed on the weight classification...
February 1, 2018: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433508/research-priority-setting-reproductive-health-in-the-occupied-palestinian-territory
#6
Niveen M E Abu-Rmeileh, Rula Ghandour, Marina Tucktuck, Mohammad Obiedallah
BACKGROUND: Occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) is an authority with limited resources. Therefore, research conducted in such a setting should be prioritized and coordinated to follow a national research agenda. This study aims to produce a research agenda for reproductive health in the oPt that can be utilized by reproductive health stakeholders and contribute to the development of policy-based evidence to guide health practice. METHODS: In the current study, we followed research prioritization methods developed by the World Health Organization-Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative...
February 13, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432228/growth-and-pubertal-development-in-hiv-infected-adolescents
#7
Paige L Williams, Julie Jesson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We present an overview of recent research in the inter-related areas of growth and pubertal development among adolescents with HIV. Growth deficits early in childhood can lead to delayed puberty, with subsequent effects on pubertal growth spurts and bone health. RECENT FINDINGS: Impaired growth remains a critical concern, particularly in low-resource settings, where stunting, wasting and underweight remain pervasive. Antiretroviral treatment (ART) initiation results in improved growth, with greatest growth recovery in the first years and more improvement in weight than in height...
February 9, 2018: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431510/accelerometer-assessed-physical-activity-and-school-absenteeism-due-to-illness-or-injury-among-children-and-adolescents-nhanes-2003-to-2006
#8
Paul D Loprinzi, Emily Frith
INTRODUCTION: To examine the association between objectively measured moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and total physical activity with school absenteeism due to illness or injury among children and adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003 to 2006. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1249 children (aged 6-11 years) and 1747 adolescents (aged 12-17 years)...
March 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431505/an-initial-assessment-of-secular-trends-in-muscular-strength-among-children-adolescents-and-adults-across-the-lifespan-national-sample-of-americans
#9
Paul D Loprinzi
PURPOSE: Adequate muscular strength has important implications for morbidity and early mortality prevention. There are no data on the recent trends in muscular strength across lifespan, which was this study's purpose. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: 2011 to 2012 and 2013 to 2014 waves of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey across the United States. PARTICIPANTS: The analyzed sample included 12 295 participants aged 6 to 85 years...
March 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427699/metabolic-risk-factors-in-korean-adolescents-with-severe-obesity-results-from-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-surveys-k-nhanes-2007-2014
#10
Won Kyoung Cho, Kyungdo Han, Moon Bae Ahn, Yong-Moon Park, Min Ho Jung, Byung-Kyu Suh, Yong-Gyu Park
AIMS: To investigate the metabolic risk factors according to the degree of obesity in Korean adolescents. METHODS: Among 7197 subjects aged 10-18 years who participated in the 2007-2014 K-NHANES, 1326 adolescents (M = 744, F = 582) with age and sex specific body mass index (BMI) ≥85th percentile were included. These adolescents with obesity were classified as: overweight, obesity, severe obesity, and extreme severe obesity. For assessing central obesity, the subjects were further-classified as: normal waist obese, abdominal obesity I, abdominal obesity II and abdominal obesity III...
February 7, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424267/metabolism-and-exercise-during-youth-the-year-that-was-2017
#11
Keith Tolfrey, Julia Kirstey Zakrzewski-Fruer, Alice Emily Thackray
Two publications were selected because they are excellent representations of studies examining different ends of the exercise-sedentary behavior continuum in young people. The first study is an acute response study with 13 mixed-sex, mid to late adolescents presenting complete data from 4 different randomized experimental crossover conditions for analyses. Continuous glucose monitoring showed that interrupting prolonged continuous sitting with body-weight resistance exercises reduced the postprandial glucose concentration compared with a time-matched uninterrupted period of sitting...
February 9, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420991/a-low-glycemic-index-and-glycemic-load-diet-is-associated-with-not-only-higher-intakes-of-micronutrients-but-also-higher-intakes-of-saturated-fat-and-sodium-in-japanese-children-and-adolescents-the-national-health-and-nutrition-survey
#12
Kentaro Murakami, Satoshi Sasaki
We investigated the hypothesis that the dietary glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) of Japanese children is associated with both favorable and unfavorable aspects of dietary intake. This cross-sectional study was based on 1-day weighed dietary record data from 3866 children in the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey, Japan. The GI of foods was assigned based on a stepwise published strategy using values from common GI databases. Mean dietary GI and GL were, respectively, 63.4 and 108.2 for children aged 1-6 years, 64...
January 2018: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417016/risk-factor-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-among-adolescents-from-rural-area-of-india
#13
Shilpa Gaidhane, Wani Mittal, Nazli Khatib, Quazi Syed Zahiruddin, Pramita A Muntode, Abhay Gaidhane
Context: Health system is likely to encounter more adolescents with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) as a consequence of obesity and sedentary lifestyle. Intervention at various stages of the life cycle is needed as cumulative effect of risk factors accumulated from fetal life to adult increases risk of noncommunicable disease. Aims: The aim of this study was to find out awareness regarding T2DM and distribution of risk factor for T2DM in adolescents from the rural areas of Wardha district, India...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416991/adolescent-health-in-urban-india
#14
REVIEW
S Ramadass, Sanjeev Kumar Gupta, Baridalyne Nongkynrih
Adolescence is the period in human growth and development that occurs after childhood and before adulthood, from ages 10 to 19 years. It is a period of dynamic brain development. During this period, adolescents learn from the social behavior and environmental surroundings of their community. Because of rapid urbanization without accounting for the basic health-care amenities, health disparities tend to arise. In this review, we have tried to describe the health profile of adolescents in urban India. Relevant articles were extracted from PubMed and related websites...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415832/metabolic-characteristics-of-appalachian-children
#15
Brent L Gravelle, Ted W Hagen
PURPOSE: The purpose of this investigation is to assess the physiological characteristics and the resting metabolic rates of a representative population of children in Buchanan County in order to identify those factors that may be contributing to the predisposition for being overweight or obese and provide nutritional and physical activity guidance for prevention. METHODS: Twenty-three volunteers from grades 5, 6 and 7 from Buchannan County, VA underwent parametric and metabolic testing over three consecutive years in order to determine their height, weight, BMI, percent body fat, resting oxygen consumption (VO2), resting energy expenditure (REE), respiratory exchange ratio (RER) and daily energy expenditure (DEE) and consumption...
December 2017: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415706/dental-caries-prevention-strategies-among-children-and-adolescents-with-immigrant%C3%A2-or-low-socioeconomic-backgrounds-do-they-work-a-systematic-review
#16
Marit S Skeie, Kristin S Klock
BACKGROUND: This systematic review was designed to uncover the most reliable evidence about the effects of caries preventive strategies in children and adolescents of immigrant or low socioeconomic backgrounds. METHODS: According to pre-determined inclusion and exclusion criteria, relevant articles focusing on underprivileged groups were electronically selected between January1995 and October 2015. The literature search was conducted in five databases; PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, SweMed+ and Cochrane Library...
February 7, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412427/association-of-nutritional-status-with-lung-function-and-morbidity-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-36-month-cohort-study
#17
Daniela Barbieri Hauschild, Anauã Franco Rosa, Julia Carvalho Ventura, Eliana Barbosa, Emília Addison Machado Moreira, Norberto Ludwig Neto, Yara Maria Franco Moreno
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between nutritional status, lung function and morbidity in a 36-month cohort in children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis. METHODS: Prospective cohort of children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis aged 1-15 years. At the baseline, the nutritional status was determined by weight-for-height and body mass index-for-age for children <2 years and ≥2 years, respectively, and classified as: nutritional failure, nutritional risk and acceptable; and by the 50th percentile, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) growth charts...
January 15, 2018: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411454/sex-specific-patterns-in-cortical-and-trabecular-bone-microstructure-in-the-kirsten-skeletal-collection-south-africa
#18
Amy C Beresheim, Susan K Pfeiffer, Marc D Grynpas, Amanda Alblas
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to provide bone histomorphometric reference data for South Africans of the Western Cape who likely dealt with health issues under the apartheid regime. METHODS: The 206 adult individuals (n female = 75, n male = 131, mean = 47.9 ± 15.8 years) from the Kirsten Skeletal Collection, U. Stellenbosch, lived in the Cape Town metropole from the late 1960s to the mid-1990s. To study age-related changes in cortical and trabecular bone microstructure, photomontages of mid-thoracic rib cross-sections were quantitatively examined...
February 7, 2018: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409733/nutrition-and-bone-density-in-boys-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Ann M Neumeyer, Natalia Cano Sokoloff, Erin I McDonnell, Eric A Macklin, Christopher J McDougle, Tara M Holmes, Jane L Hubbard, Madhusmita Misra
BACKGROUND: Boys with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have lower bone mineral density (BMD) than typically developing controls. Differences in diet and exercise may contribute to low BMD. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine macro- and micronutrient intakes and self-reported physical activity in boys with ASD compared to TDC and the relationship of these variables with BMD. DESIGN/METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 49 boys (25 ASD, 24 typically developing controls) assessed for 3-day food records and physical activity records, and BMD of the whole body less head, hip, and spine using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry...
February 3, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408912/effect-of-maternal-height-on-caesarean-section-and-neonatal-mortality-rates-in-sub-saharan-africa-an-analysis-of-34-national-datasets
#20
Esther Arendt, Neha S Singh, Oona M R Campbell
RATIONALE: The lifecycle perspective reminds us that the roots of adult ill-health may start in-utero or in early childhood. Nutritional and infectious disease insults in early life, the critical first 1000 days, are associated with stunting in childhood, and subsequent short adult stature. There is limited or no opportunity for stunted children above 2 years of age to experience catch-up growth. Some previous research has shown short maternal height to lead to adverse birth outcomes...
2018: PloS One
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