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Adolescent nutrition

Tina Costacou, Jamie Crandell, Anna R Kahkoska, Angela D Liese, Dana Dabelea, Jean M Lawrence, David J Pettitt, Kristi Reynolds, Elizabeth J Mayer-Davis, Amy K Mottl
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the association between diet quality and microalbuminuria in youth-onset type 1 diabetes using three indices: a modified Mediterranean diet score for children and adolescents (mKIDMED), the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), and the Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Youth and young adults from the SEARCH (Search for Diabetes in Youth) Nutrition Ancillary Study diagnosed with type 1 diabetes in 2002-2008, who had repeated dietary assessments at baseline and follow-up visits and urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) measured at the outcome visit (2012-2015) ( n = 461), were selected for study...
June 14, 2018: Diabetes Care
Xiangwu Tan, Jinhui Ma, Fuyuan Xiao, Wei Peng, Yiman Tan, Huxin Huang, Shenglan Xiao
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the dietary exposure level and health risk of antimony of children and adolescent in Hunan Province. METHODS: The content of antimony of main food were determined. The dietary exposure of children and adolescent from Hunan was calculated according to the weight and intake from Survey Report on Nutrition and Health Status of Chinese Residents Part 10: Nutrition and Health Data in2002 and combing the data of average and the 95% percentile of antimony...
March 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Dongmei Yu, Xiaoli Xu, Xiang Gao, Hongyun Fang, Lahong Ju, Haijun Guo, Qiya Guo, Wentao Yu, Fengmei Jia, Liyun Zhao, Wenhua Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To describe the mean of systolic blood pressure( SBP), diastolic blood pressure( DBP), and the prevalence of hypertension among 6-17 years old children and adolescents in China in 2010-2012. METHODS: Data was from the China Nutrition and Health Surveillance in 2010-2012. The total number was 35 657 which selected through the method of multi-stage stratified cluster randomization sampling and probability proportion to size( PPS). The study objects were 6-17 years old childrenand adolescents in 31 Provinces and 150 sites in China Mainland...
January 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
G D Slade, W B Grider, W R Maas, A E Sanders
Fluoridation of America's drinking water was among the great public health achievements of the 20th century. Yet there is a paucity of studies from the past 3 decades investigating its dental health benefits in the U.S. POPULATION: This cross-sectional study sought to evaluate associations between availability of community water fluoridation (CWF) and dental caries experience in the U.S. child and adolescent population. County-level estimates of the percentage of population served by CWF (% CWF) from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Water Fluoridation Reporting System were merged with dental examination data from 10 y of National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (1999 to 2004 and 2011 to 2014)...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
Maria C Monge, Miranda Loh
Eating disorders affect millions of children, adolescents, and their families worldwide, and the pediatric primary care provider is often the first line of evaluation for these patients. Eating disorders affect nearly every system in the body, and signs and symptoms vary depending on patient behaviors (restrictive eating, binge eating, purging). Because the diagnosis is not always straightforward, a clinician's ability to recognize the potential medical complications of eating disorders early in their course can help facilitate timely treatment and an appropriate level of support...
June 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
Kirsten E Sildén
BACKGROUND: The United States (US) is currently facing a public health crisis due to the percentage of obesity in adolescents. The Center for Disease Control (CDC) stated the risks for children due to obesity are many. Adolescents obtain a large portion of their daily caloric intake at school; therefore, what foods/drinks they are consuming is so serious. OBJECTIVE: To identify and analyze literature on the effects of competitive foods in public schools on adolescent weight, or Body Mass Index (BMI), and possible impacts they may have on adolescent obesity in the United States...
2018: Global Health Action
Li Chen, Ruiyi Liu, Marina Pozhidaeva, Jinqiu Xie, Wei Cao, Fan Zhang, Cesar Reis, Manoj Sharma, Yong Zhao
Finding ways to reduce tobacco and alcohol consumption among adolescents has been a major public health challenge in China. In relation to this issue, the current study evaluated the changes in the sociodemographic factors of tobacco and alcohol consumption among Chinese adolescents who are 12⁻18 years old. Trends in sociodemographic factors associated with tobacco and alcohol consumption were investigated based on the 2004⁻2011 China Health and Nutrition Survey data. Questionnaires that extracted data on tobacco and alcohol consumption (i...
June 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Sarah Armstrong, Charlene A Wong, Eliana Perrin, Sara Page, Lauren Sibley, Asheley Skinner
Importance: Physical activity in youth is associated with adult health. Understanding the prevalence and factors of moderate to vigorous physical activity among adolescents and young adults will guide public health and policy efforts. Objectives: To describe the current patterns of physical activity and duration among adolescents and young adults and to identify the direction and magnitude of associations between physical activity and income, race/ethnicity, and sex...
June 11, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
Hadil S Subih, Yaqeen Abu-Shquier, Hiba Bawadi, Nahla Al-Bayyari
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents in north Jordan and to evaluate the dietary knowledge of their mothers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.SettingsSchools, Irbid, Jordan. SUBJECTS: Male and female participants (n 516) aged 6-18 years. RESULTS: Thirty per cent of our sample population was overweight or obese, and about 11 % was underweight. Males tend to have a higher BMI and waist circumference than females except in the age group ≥15 years...
June 11, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Badhma Valaiyapathi, Barbara Gower, Ambika P Ashraf
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes (DM) in children is disturbingly increasing in parallel with increasing childhood obesity. Better knowledge regarding the pathophysiology of type 2 DM in children is paramount to devise an effective management plan. OBJECTIVE: Discuss the pathophysiology of type 2 DM in children and adolescents Methods and results: This is a comprehensive review of the literature on this topic. Type 2 DM in childhood is viewed as a continuum of insulin resistance (IR) which is determined by an underlying genetic predisposition, intrauterine environment, excessive food consumption, continued rapid weight gain, and poor lifestyle...
June 7, 2018: Current Diabetes Reviews
Vivian Ozoemena Onukwuli, Josephat Chinawa, Christopher Bismarck Eke, Ada Rosemary Nwokocha, Ifeoma Josephine Emodi, Anthony Nnaemeka Ikefuna
Adolescence is an important developmental period of childhood. Good health and adequate nutrition consisting major food constituents and trace elements like zinc are fundamental for optimal sexual maturation. To determine the relationship between zinc levels and pattern of breast and pubic hair development, as well as menarcheal age of female SCA children aged 6-18 years and their matched controls with hemoglobin genotype AA. Cross sectional, case-control study. Information on biodata, age at menarche, medical and drug history as well as 24-hour dietary recall was documented using interviewer administered questionnaire...
June 5, 2018: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
Vijay Ganji, Bernadette Martineau, William Edmund Van Fleit
BACKGROUND: Because children have been advised on the dangers of sun exposure, diet is an important contributor of serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations. Aim of this study was to determine whether serum 25(OH)D concentrations were associated with any specific dietary patterns in US children. METHODS: Data from 2 cycles of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2004 and 2005-2006 for individuals aged 2 to ≤19 y, were used to study relation between dietary patterns and serum 25(OH)D...
June 4, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Vlatka Boričević Maršanić, Josipa Jukić, Mia Flander
The onset of psychosis is typically preceded by a prodromal phase that is characterised by the emergence of "attenuated" psychotic symptoms. This phase is described as ultra-high risk (UHR) or at-risk mental state (ARMS) of psychosis. Criteria have been established for identifying these young people who are at clinical high risk. People at ultra-high risk (UHR) of psychosis have about 30% chance of developing the illness within two years. This category was introduced with the goal of developing treatments for prevention of psychotic disorders...
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Stephanie K Nishi, Mahsa Jessri, Mary L'Abbé
Occasion and location of food environment has an influence on dietary habits, nutritional quality and overall health and nutrition-related chronic disease risk. Eating occasion and location was assessed in 20,402 Canadians aged ≥ 2 years, with a focus on energy, saturated fat, added sugars, and sodium intake by age group. Data showed >80% of children, compared to ~60% of adolescents and adults, consumed three meals (breakfast, lunch, dinner) plus snacks in a day. Dinner contributed the most calories [ranging from 395 ± 11 kcal (2⁻3 year olds) to 952 ± 27 kcal (men 19⁻30 years)], saturated fat [7...
May 27, 2018: Nutrients
C Morin, J Gandy, R Brazeilles, L A Moreno, S A Kavouras, H Martinez, J Salas-Salvadó, J Bottin, Isabelle Guelinckx
PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify and characterize patterns of fluid intake in children and adolescents from six countries: Argentina, Brazil, China, Indonesia, Mexico and Uruguay. METHODS: Data on fluid intake volume and type amongst children (4-9 years; N = 1400) and adolescents (10-17 years; N = 1781) were collected using the validated 7-day fluid-specific record (Liq.In7 record). To identify relatively distinct clusters of subjects based on eight fluid types (water, milk and its derivatives, hot beverages, sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), 100% fruit juices, artificial/non-nutritive sweetened beverages, alcoholic beverages, other beverages), a cluster analysis (partitioning around k-medoids algorithm) was used...
June 1, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Qiang Zhang, Bin Yu, Xinguang Chen, Deepthi S Varma, Juanjuan Li, Jiang Zhao, Yuan Ruan, Xingmeng Han, Xiangdong Min, Zhitao Liu
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to understand the age patterns of smoking initiation during adolescence and young adulthood in South-West China, where the prevalence of tobacco use is reported as the highest in the country. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: The data were derived from the China National Nutrition and Health Survey in Yunnan Province, South-West China (2010-2012). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 4801 participants aged 15-65 years were included...
May 31, 2018: BMJ Open
Neha Rathi, Lynn Riddell, Anthony Worsley
School-based nutrition promotion is critical to the development of healthy eating habits in adolescents. Unfortunately, most Indian secondary schools do not support healthy eating among adolescents. Therefore, this study was designed to understand the perspectives of teachers and parents regarding the potential barriers to nutrition promotion in Indian secondary schools. Thirty-two teachers and 280 parents from five private English-speaking secondary schools in Kolkata, India took part in a cross-sectional survey...
June 1, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Callie L Brown, Eliana M Perrin
Despite many public health and clinical interventions, obesity rates remain high and evidence-based preventive strategies are elusive. Many consensus guidelines suggest providers should screen all children after age 2 for obesity by measuring height and weight, calculating body mass index (BMI), and sensitively communicating weight status in the context of health to the family at each visit. However, preventive counseling should begin in infancy and focus on healthy feeding, activity, and family lifestyle behaviors...
May 28, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
Amina Bouziani, Naima Saeid, Hasnae Benkirane, Latifa Qandoussi, Youness Taboz, Asmaa El Hamdouchi, Khalid El Kari, Mohammed El Mzibri, Hassan Aguenaou
Calcium is an important mineral playing a vital role to maintain bone health. Calcium intake is considered as one of the most important determinants to assess the calcium status and to evaluate the calcium deficiency in the human body. Our study aims at estimating calcium intake in a sample of children and adolescent to be used in the global strategy to reduce calcium deficiency disorders in Morocco. Thus, 131 children and adolescents were recruited from public schools at Rabat and its regions in the framework of a descriptive cross-sectional study...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Furong Xu, Mary L Greaney, Steven A Cohen, Deborah Riebe, Geoffrey W Greene
The association between adolescents' weight perception and their physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviors remains unclear. Therefore, these associations were explored using data from 2438 adolescents aged 12-19 years who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination 2011-2014 Survey. Respondents reported weight perception, and their weight perception accuracy was determined by examining whether the measured weight and perceived weight were concordant. Respondents also reported sedentary time (sitting time and screen time), PA, and intention to lose weight...
2018: Journal of Obesity
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