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Adolescent nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934111/breakfast-and-breakfast-cereal-choice-and-its-impact-on-nutrient-and-sugar-intakes-and-anthropometric-measures-among-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-australian-children-and-adolescents
#1
Flavia Fayet-Moore, Andrew McConnell, Kate Tuck, Peter Petocz
There is limited evidence in Australia that compares the nutritional impact of a breakfast cereal breakfast to a non-cereal breakfast, and includes the type of cereal. This study investigated the impact of breakfast choice and the total sugar content of breakfast cereal on nutrient intakes and anthropometric measures among Australian children and adolescents. Data from 2 to 18-year-old in the 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey were used (n = 2821). Participants were classified as breakfast cereal consumers (minimally pre-sweetened (MPS) or pre-sweetened (PS)), non-cereal breakfast consumers, or breakfast skippers...
September 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934005/risk-assessment-of-dietary-exposure-to-phytosterol-oxidation-products-from-baked-food-in-china
#2
Yinzhou Hu, Mengmeng Wang, Weisu Huang, Guoliang Yang, Tiantian Lou, Shiyun Lai, Baiyi Lu, Lufei Zheng
Phytosterols are nutritional phytochemicals that may undergo oxidation and be transformed into phytosterol oxidation products (POPs), thus inducing pathological and toxic effects. This work investigated 4 main phytosterols and 28 POPs in 104 kinds of commercial baked food by using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The dietary exposure and hazard index values (HI) associated with POPs from baked food consumption in China were estimated by using Monte Carlo simulation. Concentrations of the total phytosterols were between 3...
September 21, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925411/birthweight-and-cardiometabolic-risk-patterns-in-multiracial-children
#3
D Sun, T Wang, Y Heianza, T Huang, X Shang, J Lv, S Li, E Harville, W Chen, V Fonseca, L Qi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Prenatal growth, which is widely marked by birthweight, may have a pivotal role in affecting the lifelong risk of cardiometabolic disorders; however, comprehensive evaluation of its relations with childhood cardiometabolic risk patterns and the ethnic and gender disparities in national representative populations is still lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations between birthweight and comprehensive patterns of cardiometabolic risk in a nationally representative sample of children and adolescents...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925065/barriers-to-and-enablers-of-healthy-lifestyle-behaviours-in-adolescents-with-obesity-a-scoping-review-and-stakeholder-consultation
#4
REVIEW
M Kebbe, S Damanhoury, N Browne, M P Dyson, T-L F McHugh, G D C Ball
Healthy lifestyle behaviours are key to successful weight management, but have proven to be challenging to attain for adolescents with obesity. The purpose of our scoping review was to (i) describe barriers and enablers that adolescents with obesity encounter for healthy nutrition, physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep habits and (ii) identify gaps in the literature. We adhered to established methodology for scoping reviews. Six databases were searched (1980-June 2016) for original articles published in English or French that focused on lifestyle behaviours of 13- to 17-year-olds in paediatric weight management...
September 18, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922262/sugar-in-infants-children-and-adolescents-a-position-paper-of-the-european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-committee-on-nutrition
#5
Nataša Fidler Mis, Christian Braegger, Jiri Bronsky, Cristina Campoy, Magnus Domellöf, Nicholas D Embleton, Iva Hojsak, Jessie Hulst, Flavia Indrio, Alexandre Lapillonne, Walter Mihatsch, Christian Molgaard, Rakesh Vora, Mary Fewtrell
The consumption of sugars, particularly sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs; beverages or drinks that contain added caloric sweeteners (i.e. sucrose, high-fructose corn syrup, fruit-juice concentrates), in European children and adolescents exceeds current recommendations. This is of concern because there is no nutritional requirement for free sugars, and infants have an innate preference for sweet taste, which may be modified and reinforced by pre- and postnatal exposures. Sugar containing beverages/free sugars increase the risk for overweight/obesity and dental caries, can result in poor nutrient supply and reduced dietary diversity and may be associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular risk, and other health effects...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921869/simplified-and-age-appropriate-recommendations-for-added-sugars-in-children
#6
M I Goran, S L Riemer, T L Alderete
Excess sugar intake increases risk for obesity and related comorbidities among children. The World Health Organization (WHO), American Heart Association (AHA) and the 2015 USDA dietary recommendations have proposed guidelines for added sugar intake to reduce risk for disease. WHO and USDA recommendations are presented as a percentage of daily calories from added sugar. This approach is not easily understood or translated to children, where energy needs increase with age. The AHA recommendation is based on a fixed value of 25 g of added sugar for all children 2-19 years of age...
September 18, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917237/screening-for-nutritional-risk-in-hospitalized-children-with-liver-disease
#7
Tiantian Song, Ying Mu, Xue Gong, Wenyan Ma, Li Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Malnutrition is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality from pediatric liver disease. We investigated the prevalence of both malnutrition and high nutritional risk in hospitalized children with liver disease as well as the rate of in-hospital nutritional support. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A total of 2,874 hospitalized children and adolescents with liver disease aged 1 to 17 years (inclusive) were enrolled. Malnutrition was screened by anthropometric measures (height-for-age, weight-for-height, weight-for-age, and BMI- for-age z-scores)...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915908/advances-in-paediatrics-in-2016-current-practices-and-challenges-in-allergy-autoimmune-diseases-cardiology-endocrinology-gastroenterology-infectious-diseases-neonatology-nephrology-neurology-nutrition-pulmonology
#8
REVIEW
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Silvia Montella, Sergio Bernasconi
This review reports main progresses in various pediatric issues published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2016. New insights in clinical features or complications of several disorders may be useful for our better understanding. They comprise severe asthma, changing features of lupus erythematosus from birth to adolescence, celiac disease, functional gastrointestinal disorders, Moebius syndrome, recurrent pneumonia. Risk factors for congenital heart defects, Kawasaki disease have been widely investigated...
September 16, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915797/effectiveness-of-a-16-month-multi-component-and-environmental-school-based-intervention-for-recovery-of-poor-income-overweight-obese-children-and-adolescents-study-protocol-of-the-health-multipliers-program
#9
Pollyanna Fernandes Patriota, Andrea Rocha Filgueiras, Viviane Belucci Pires de Almeida, Guilherme Aparecido Costa Alexmovitz, Carlos Eduardo da Silva, Vivian Fortuna Feres de Carvalho, Natália Carvalho, Maria Paula de Albuquerque, Semiramis Martins Alvares Domene, Wagner Luiz do Prado, Gustavo Enrique Salazar Torres, Ana Paula Reis de Oliveira, Ricardo Sesso, Ana Lydia Sawaya
BACKGROUND: Excess of weight is a serious public health concern in almost all countries, afflicting people of different ages and socioeconomic backgrounds. Studies have indicated the need for developing treatment strategies that intervene directly in the obesogenic environment. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a multi-component and environmental school-based intervention, lasting 16 months, on the recovery of the nutritional status of low-income children and adolescents with overweight/ obesity...
September 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915110/diet-quality-of-adolescents-with-eating-disorders
#10
Alexis Santiago, Jacqueline Zimmerman, Ronald Feinstein, Martin Fisher
Purpose To compare the nutritional intake of adolescents with eating disorders (EDs) to recommended Daily Values of macronutrients and micronutrients, using the Nutrition Data Systems for Research (NDSR); to determine if nutritional content varied among the different sub-types of EDs; and to use the Healthy Eating Index 2010 (HEI-2010) as a measurement of diet quality in this population. Methods Forty-six adolescents referred to an ED Program were recruited for inclusion in this study. A detailed 24-h dietary recall from each participant was obtained and a detailed nutritional analysis was generated, allowing for calculation of the HEI-2010...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914773/vitamin-d-nutritional-status-and-its-related-factors-for-chinese-children-and-adolescents-in-2010-2012
#11
Yichun Hu, Jing Chen, Rui Wang, Min Li, Chunfeng Yun, Weidong Li, Yanhua Yang, Jianhua Piao, Xiaoguang Yang, Lichen Yang
Vitamin D plays a critical role in calcium and phosphate metabolism and helps maintain skeletal integrity in childhood, yet vitamin D status in Chinese children and adolescents is not well documented. The aim of this study was to assess the vitamin D status and analyze the risk factors for vitamin D deficiency in Chinese children and adolescents aged 6-17 years. Serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) was measured with a radioimmunoassay kit in 15,000 children and adolescent participants in the Chinese national nutrition and health survey (CNNHS) 2010-2012...
September 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913331/health-effects-and-public-health-concerns-of-energy-drink-consumption-in-the-united-states-a-mini-review
#12
REVIEW
Laila Al-Shaar, Kelsey Vercammen, Chang Lu, Scott Richardson, Martha Tamez, Josiemer Mattei
As energy drink consumption continues to grow worldwide and within the United States, it is important to critically examine the nutritional content and effects on population health of these beverages. This mini-review summarizes the current scientific evidence on health consequences from energy drink consumption, presents relevant public health challenges, and proposes recommendations to mitigate these issues. Emerging evidence has linked energy drink consumption with a number of negative health consequences such as risk-seeking behaviors, poor mental health, adverse cardiovascular effects, and metabolic, renal, or dental conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911127/nutritional-status-of-children-from-low-income-countries-arriving-in-spain
#13
Moncef Belhassen-García, Virginia Velasco-Tirado, Amparo Lopez-Bernus, Juan Luis Muñoz Bellido, Antonio Muro, Miguel Cordero, Javier Pardo-Lledias
Background: Nutritional problems, anaemia and infectious diseases are the main causes of morbidity and mortality in children and adolescents in tropical and subtropical areas. The main objective of this study was to determine the nutritional status in children from low-income countries who migrated to Spain and the value of the usual biochemistry markers of nutrition in these children, as well as to evaluate the nutritional status associated with imported infectious diseases. Moreover, we evaluated the association between anaemia and nutrition problems...
September 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910398/body-composition-and-prediction-equations-using-skinfold-thickness-for-body-fat-percentage-in-southern-brazilian-adolescents
#14
Wagner Luis Ripka, Leandra Ulbricht, Pedro Miguel Gewehr
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to: a) determine the nutritional status of Brazilian adolescents, and; b) present a skinfold thickness model (ST) to estimate body fat developed with Brazilian samples, using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) as reference method. METHODS: The main study group was composed of 374 adolescents, and further 42 adolescents for the validation group. Weight, height, waist circumference measurements, and body mass index (BMI) were collected, as well as nine ST-biceps (BI), triceps (TR), chest (CH), axillary (AX) subscapularis (SB), abdominal (AB), suprailiac (SI), medial thigh (TH), calf (CF), and fat percentage (%BF) obtained by DXA...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906019/response-letter-to-optimising-physiology-for-adolescents-with-dysautonomia
#15
K Armstrong, A M De Souza, P Sneddon, J E Potts, V E Claydon, S Sanatani
We would like to thank Dr Thaxter Nesbeth (1) for her interest and insightful comments on our paper entitled, "Exercise and the multidisciplinary holistic approach to adolescent dysautonomia"(2). We agree that recurrent orthostatic intolerance is often best managed through lifestyle modification rather than pharmacologic intervention (at least as an initial step), and as such in the present study we evaluated the impact of our exercise programme incorporated in addition to our standard clinical multidisciplinary management approach...
September 14, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904961/analysis-of-epidemiology-and-risk-factors-of-atopic-dermatitis-in-korean-children-and-adolescents-from-the-2010-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#16
Kyung Suk Lee, In-Hwan Oh, Sun Hee Choi, Yeong-Ho Rha
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common chronic inflammatory skin disease, but only few studies involved samples of children and adolescents that are representative of the entire Korean population. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and risk factors of AD among children and adolescents in Korea by using nationally representative data. METHODS: We used data from the fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2010 and retrospectively evaluated 2,116 children and adolescents...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904935/evaluation-of-dietary-intakes-body-composition-and-cardiometabolic-parameters-in-adolescent-team-sports-elite-athletes-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Javad Hosseinzadeh, Zahra Maghsoudi, Behnood Abbasi, Pooya Daneshvar, Atefeh Hojjati, Reza Ghiasvand
BACKGROUND: Nutritional intake is an important issue in adolescent athletes. Proper athletes' performance is a multifactorial outcome of good training, body composition, and nutritional status. The aim of the present study was to assess nutritional status, body composition, and cardiometabolic factors in adolescent elite athlete's province of Isfahan, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 100 adolescent elite athletes from volleyball, basketball, and soccer teams were selected for the study...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901704/audit-of-the-dietetic-care-of-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-at-a-large-australian-paediatric-tertiary-hospital-and-comparison-with-the-international-society-for-paediatric-and-adolescent-diabetes-nutrition-guidelines
#18
Rachel Battersby, Annabel Sweeney, Sarah Toome, Janice Fairchild, Jacqueline Miller
AIM: Optimal glycaemic control is important in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) to reduce the risk of developing microvascular complications. Modest reductions in HbA1c translate to significant risk reductions of these complications. Research indicates that targeted dietetic care using evidence-based guidelines improves HbA1c levels. The aim of this study was to audit the dietetic care provided to patients with T1D at the Women's and Children's Hospital (WCH) and compare the service provided to the International Society for Paediatric and Adolescent Diabetes (ISPAD) nutrition guidelines...
September 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898562/skipping-breakfast-among-australian-children-and-adolescents-findings-from-the-2011-12-national-nutrition-and-physical-activity-survey
#19
Kylie J Smith, Monique C Breslin, Sarah A McNaughton, Seana L Gall, Leigh Blizzard, Alison J Venn
OBJECTIVE: Skipping breakfast has been linked with poor diet quality, higher BMI and adverse cardiometabolic outcomes. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and correlates of skipping breakfast among Australian children and adolescents. METHODS: A total of 1,592 2-17-year-olds completed two 24-hour recalls, collected via face-to-face and telephone interview, in the 2011-12 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey. Breakfast was an eating occasion of ≥210kJ named as 'breakfast' by the participant...
September 12, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898315/-morbimortality-associated-to-nutritional-status-and-feeding-path-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#20
M J Figueroa, C Rojas, S Barja
INTRODUCTION: Children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) have a high prevalence of malnutrition associated to poor prognosis. For an adequate nutritional assessment, new growth curves (Brooks, 2011) are available, in which precise cut-off points in Weight/Age index correlate to increased morbidity and mortality rate. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate risk of hospitalization and death in patients with CP, according to nutritional risk (NR). PATIENTS AND METHOD: Observational and prospective cohort study of patients with CP in an outpatient referral center...
2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
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