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Adolescent nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804978/birthweight-and-serum-uric-acid-in-american-adolescents
#1
Erika T Rhone, J Bryan Carmody
Elevated serum uric acid is associated with hypertension and chronic kidney disease. We evaluated the relationship between birthweight and uric acid in a nationally representative sample of 5390 US adolescents aged 12-15 in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 1999 to 2012. There was an inverse association between birthweight and uric acid after adjustment for sex, age, race, obesity, and dietary sodium intake. Each 1 kg increase in birthweight was associated with decreased uric acid by 0...
August 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803230/revised-reference-values-for-potassium-intake
#2
Daniela Strohm, Sabine Ellinger, Eva Leschik-Bonnet, Friederike Maretzke, Helmut Heseker
BACKGROUND: The nutrition societies of Germany, Austria and Switzerland have revised the reference values for potassium intake in January 2017. METHODS: For adults, the estimated value was based on the 24-h urinary potassium excretion and on preventive considerations regarding hypertension and stroke. The estimated values for children and adolescents were extrapolated from the adult estimated value considering differences in body mass. For infants aged 0 to under 4 months, the estimated value was set based on the potassium intake via breast milk...
August 11, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802303/body-image-weight-management-behavior-nutritional-knowledge-and-dietary-habits-in-high-school-boys-in-korea-and-china
#3
Hwajin Hyun, Hongmie Lee, Yoona Ro, Heewon L Gray, Kyunghee Song
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is an important period with rapid physical growth transitioning from childhood to adulthood. Distorted body image can result in eating disorders or inadequate nutrient intakes in adolescence. Limited research has been done with high school boys in both Korea and China. OBJECTIVES: To examine body image, weight control behaviors, nutritional knowledge, and dietary habits in Korean and Chinese teenage boys, and to evaluate any differences in these measures between two countries...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802301/sleep-duration-s-association-with-diet-physical-activity-mental-status-and-weight-among-korean-high-school-students
#4
Jounghee Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Sleep deprivation is a critical public health problem, especially in Korean adolescents. This study aimed to identify the association between sleep duration and dietary behaviors, physical activity, mental status, and nutritional status among high school students in South Korea. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Based on the data collected from the 2014 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey, 31,407 high school students who met the inclusion criteria were selected and the association between sleep duration and selected health risk factors was identified using multivariable logistic regression models...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801145/body-image-dissatisfaction-and-dietary-patterns-according-to-nutritional-status-in-adolescents
#5
Rita de Cássia Ribeiro-Silva, Rosemeire Leovigildo Fiaccone, Maria Ester Pereira da Conceição-Machado, Ana Santos Ruiz, Maurício Lima Barreto, Mônica Leila Portela Santana
OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of data on the association between body self-perception and eating patterns in Brazil. Thus, this study aimed to explore the relationship between body image dissatisfaction (BID) and eating patterns by the anthropometric status in adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 1496 adolescents was conducted. The participants completed the Body Shape Questionnaire. Demographic, anthropometric, and socioeconomic data were collected, as well as information regarding the pubertal development and dietary intake...
August 8, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801068/lepr-polymorphism-may-affect-energy-balance-during-weight-loss-among-brazilians-obese-adolescents
#6
Flávia Campos Corgosinho, Sandro Soares Almeida, Lian Tock, João Bosco Pesquero, Ronaldo Carvalho Araújo, Ana Paula Grotti Clemente, Bárbara Dal'Molin Netto, Raquel Munhoz da Silveira Campos, Deborah Cristina Landi Masquio, Joana Pereira de Carvalho Ferreira, Priscila de Lima Sanches, Aline de Piano Ganen, Marcelo Macedo Rogero, Lila Missae Oyama, Sergio Tufik, Marco Túlio de Mello, Ana Raimunda Dâmaso
OBJECTIVE: Leptin is an adipokine released mainly by adipose tissue, with many functions including regulation of energy balance. However, little is known about the effect of LEPR polymorphism on orexigenic and anorexigenic neuropeptides. Thus, the aim of the present study is to verify the influence of LEPR polymorphism (rs2767485) on serum orexigenic (NPY, MCH and AgRP) and anorexigenic (Leptin and α-MSH) neuropeptides levels among obese adolescents submitted to 1year of multicomponent weight loss therapy...
August 2, 2017: Neuropeptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800115/intake-of-fat-soluble-vitamins-in-the-belgian-population-adequacy-and-contribution-of-foods-fortified-foods-and-supplements
#7
Isabelle Moyersoen, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Arnold Dekkers, Karin de Ridder, Jean Tafforeau, John van Camp, Herman van Oyen, Carl Lachat
A key challenge of public health nutrition is to provide the majority of the population with a sufficient level of micronutrients while preventing high-consumers from exceeding the tolerable upper intake level. Data of the 2014 Belgian food consumption survey (n = 3200) were used to assess fat-soluble vitamin (vitamins A, D, E and K) intake from the consumption of foods, fortified foods and supplements. This study revealed inadequate intakes for vitamin A, from all sources, in the entire Belgian population and possible inadequacies for vitamin D...
August 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798151/socioeconomic-differences-in-children-s-growth-trajectories-from-infancy-to-early-adulthood-evidence-from-four-european-countries
#8
Cathal McCrory, Neil O'Leary, Silvia Fraga, Ana Isabel Ribeiro, Henrique Barros, Noora Kartiosuo, Olli Raitakari, Mika Kivimäki, Paolo Vineis, Richard Layte
BACKGROUND: Height is regarded as a marker of early-life illness, adversity, nutrition and psychosocial stress, but the extent to which differences in height are determined by early-life socioeconomic circumstances, particularly in contemporary populations, is unclear. This study examined socioeconomic differences in children's height trajectories from birth through to 21 years of age in four European countries. METHODS: Data were from six prospective cohort studies-Generation XXI, Growing Up in Ireland (infant and child cohorts), Millennium Cohort Study, EPITeen and Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study-comprising a total of 49 492 children with growth measured repeatedly from 1980 to 2014...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797704/preventing-weight-related-problems-among-adolescent-girls-a-cluster-randomized-trial-comparing-the-brazilian-new-moves-program-versus-observation
#9
Karin Louise Lenz Dunker, Angélica Medeiros Claudino
PURPOSE: To conduct a cluster randomized controlled trial comparing the Brazilian version of the New Moves program (NMP) versus observation among Brazilian adolescent girls. METHODS: Ten schools were randomly allocated to the Brazilian NMP or the observation arm. Study participants included 12-14-year-old girls. Recruitment occurred between February 2014 and March 2015. The NMP included sports, nutritional support, motivational interviews, collective lunch, and parental information materials...
August 7, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796984/allergens-and-food-additives-including-potentially-harmful-ones-present-in-food-products-that-are-preferred-by-children-and-adolescents
#10
Sandra Budrewicz, Marcin Banaszczak, Jakub Piotrowski, Maja Czerwińska, Ewa Stachowska
INTRODUCTION: The proper development of a child is linked with proper nutrition, including nutritional habits which are formed from childhood. THE AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to establish a list of the most popular food products among children and to develop a register of potentially dangerous substances on a Facebook website. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A website was created on Facebook. The participants provided lists of favorite dishes or products...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795206/children-and-adolescents-with-cystic-fibrosis-display-moderate-bone-microarchitecture-abnormalities-data-from-high-resolution-peripheral-quantitative-computed-tomography
#11
C Braun, J Bacchetta, P Braillon, R Chapurlat, J Drai, P Reix
We investigated whether bone microstructure assessed by high-resolution peripheral quantitative tomography (HR-pQCT) could be altered in children and teenagers with cystic fibrosis (CF). In comparison to their healthy counterparts, bone microstructure was mildly affected at the tibial level only. INTRODUCTION: Cystic fibrosis-related bone disease (CFBD) may alter bone health, ultimately predisposing patients to bone fractures. Our aim was to assess bone microstructure using high-resolution peripheral quantitative tomography (HR-pQCT) in a cohort of children and teenagers with CF in comparison to age-, puberty-, and gender-matched healthy volunteers (HVs)...
August 9, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793946/training-primary-care-providers-in-the-use-of-motivational-interviewing-for-youth-behavior-change
#12
Monique K Vallabhan, Alberta S Kong, Elizabeth Yakes Jimenez, Linda C Summers, Conni J DeBlieck, Sarah W Feldstein Ewing
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Adolescent obesity is a global epidemic. Motivational interviewing (MI) is a promising strategy to address adolescent obesity risk behaviors. However, primary care providers (PCPs) tend to express discomfort with learning and adopting MI practices and with addressing patient weight issues. PCP proficiency in using MI to discuss body mass index, health screening results, and nutrition and physical activity behaviors after receiving training and coaching from an MI expert and practicing the technique was evaluated...
August 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791978/comparison-of-obesity-overweight-and-elevated-blood-pressure-in-children-attending-public-and-private-primary-schools-in-benin-city-nigeria
#13
W E Sadoh, Y T Israel-Aina, A E Sadoh, J E Uduebor, M Shaibu, E Ogonor, F C Enugwuna
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity in children, and adolescents is on the rise globally. Affected children are prone to cardio-metabolic problems later in life, especially hypertension. The prevalence of obesity/overweight may differ depending on school type. Private schools are attended mostly by children of the affluent, while public schools are attended predominantly by those in the low and middle socio-economic classes. OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of overweight, obesity and elevated blood pressure (BP) in pupils attending public and private primary schools in an urban community in Nigeria...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783108/professionals-recommended-strategies-to-improve-australian-adolescents-knowledge-of-nutrition-and-food-systems
#14
Sanaz Sadegholvad, Heather Yeatman, Anne-Maree Parrish, Anthony Worsley
BACKGROUND: Education and policy measures within schools are valuable strategies to promote health. This study explored views of experienced food-related educators, researchers and policy-makers regarding their recommended strategies to improve Australian adolescents' knowledge of nutrition and food systems (N&FS). METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with twenty-one experienced food-related experts from across Australia. Interviews were conducted either by telephone or face-to-face...
August 7, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776723/opportunities-in-the-integration-of-primary-care-and-public-health-nursing-two-case-exemplars-on-physical-activity-and-nutrition
#15
Robin A Evans-Agnew, Kala A Mayer, Lori L L Miller
OBJECTIVE: The integration of primary care and public health nursing may provide new opportunities for transforming nursing practice that addresses population health. Effective programs emphasize multilevel approaches that include both downstream (education) and upstream (policy change) actions. The purpose of this article is to identify downstream and upstream nursing actions that integrate public health and primary care practice through two case exemplars concerning disparities in physical activity and nutrition...
August 4, 2017: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776604/the-role-of-diet-physical-activity-body-fatness-and-breastfeeding-in-breast-cancer-in-young-women-epidemiological-evidence
#16
I Isabelle Romieu, A Amadou, V Chajes
The incidence of breast cancer (BC) is rising worldwide, with an increase in aggressive neoplasias in young women. Traditionally, BC in young women has been thought to be etiologically driven, primarily by genetic/hereditary factors. However, these factors explain only a small proportion of BCs, pointing to a role of the environment. Suspected factors responsible for this increase include lifestyle changes, notably alcohol consumption, diet with high intake of refined carbohydrates and saturated fat and low intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), fiber and vitamins (such as folate, vitamin D, and carotenoids), low physical activity, and body fatness, all of which may act from childhood and adolescent years through adulthood...
July 2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774873/a-growth-reference-for-mid-upper-arm-circumference-for-age-among-school-age-children-and-adolescents-and-validation-for-mortality-growth-curve-construction-and-longitudinal-cohort-study
#17
Lazarus Mramba, Moses Ngari, Martha Mwangome, Lilian Muchai, Evasius Bauni, A Sarah Walker, Diana M Gibb, Gregory Fegan, James A Berkley
Objectives To construct growth curves for mid-upper-arm circumference (MUAC)-for-age z score for 5-19 year olds that accord with the World Health Organization growth standards, and to evaluate their discriminatory performance for subsequent mortality.Design Growth curve construction and longitudinal cohort study.Setting United States and international growth data, and cohorts in Kenya, Uganda, and Zimbabwe.Participants The Health Examination Survey (HES)/National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) US population datasets (age 5-25 years), which were used to construct the 2007 WHO growth reference for body mass index in this age group, were merged with an imputed dataset matching the distribution of the WHO 2006 growth standards age 2-6 years...
August 3, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771698/molecular-and-functional-genetics-of-the-proopiomelanocortin-gene-food-intake-regulation-and-obesity
#18
REVIEW
Marcelo Rubinstein, Malcolm J Low
During the last decade, the obesity pandemia has skyrocketed, and the spectre is threatening children, adolescents and lower income families worldwide. Although driven by an increase in the consumption of ultra-processed edibles of poor nutritional value, the obesogenic changes in contemporary human lifestyle affect people differently, revealing that some individuals are more prone to developing increased adiposity. During the last years, we performed a variety of genetic, evolutionary, biochemical and behavioral experiments that allowed us to understand how a group of neurons present in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus regulate the expression of the proopiomelanocortin (Pomc) gene and induce satiety...
August 3, 2017: FEBS Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771561/fitness-and-food-environments-around-junior-high-schools-in-taiwan-and-their-association-with-body-composition-gender-differences-for-recreational-reading-food-and-beverage-exposures
#19
Po-Huang Chiang, Lin-Yuan Huang, Meei-Shyuan Lee, Hui-Chen Tsou, Mark L Wahlqvist
School environments may contribute to adolescent behavior, reproductive physiology and body composition (BC). The Nutritional and Health Survey in Taiwan (2010) for 1458 junior high school students was geo-mapped for 30 school environs. Facilities for physical activity (fitness centers, gymnasia and sports stadiums, activity centers and parks), sedentary activities (reading material rental shops (RMRS), internet cafes) and food and beverage outlets (FBOs) were calculated as weighted numbers within 1000m of schools...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768282/increased-non-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-in-children-and-young-adults-with-turner-syndrome-is-not-explained-by-bmi-alone
#20
Jennifer C Kelley, Iris Gutmark-Little, Philippe Backeljauw, Vaneeta Bamba
BACKGROUND: Turner syndrome (TS) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) is a convenient measure of atherogenicity (normal concentration <120 mg/dL) but has not been investigated in TS. We aim to evaluate non-HDL-C patterns in a cohort of pediatric and young adult females with TS. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was used to obtain demographics, body composition, genetic reports, and lipid profiles in females with TS...
August 2, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
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