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Adolescent pregnancy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344657/effects-of-hereditary-moderate-high-fat-diet-on-metabolic-performance-and-physical-endurance-capacity-in-c57bl-6-offspring
#1
Fang Liu, Guirong Zhang, Xue Sheng, Shang Liu, Meng Cui, Heyun Guo, Jianbin Xue, Lingyun Zhang
Obesity in pregnant women presents a risk to fetal health, leading to numerous metabolic syndromes and chronic inflammation risks. Previously, physical exercise was considered to be one of the primary treatments for obesity. However, the effect of fat consumption throughout the life cycle on physical endurance capacity remains unknown. A total of two groups of female mice (age, 6 weeks; C57BL/6J) were fed with a normal chow diet and a moderate high fat diet (MHFD), during pregnancy and lactation (8 weeks), with the offspring receiving the same diet as the mother...
January 16, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339318/dietary-patterns-body-mass-index-and-inflammation-pathways-to-depression-and-mental-health-problems-in-adolescents
#2
Wendy H Oddy, Karina L Allen, Georgina S A Trapp, Gina L Ambrosini, Lucinda J Black, Rae-Chi Huang, Peter Rzehak, Kevin C Runions, Feng Pan, Lawrence J Beilin, Trevor A Mori
BACKGROUND: Observational studies suggest that dietary patterns may impact mental health outcomes, although biologically plausible pathways are yet to be tested. We aimed to elucidate the longitudinal relationship between dietary patterns, adiposity, inflammation and mental health including depressive symptoms in a population-based cohort of adolescents. METHODS: Data were provided from 843 adolescents participating in the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study at 14 and 17 years (y) of age...
January 12, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331823/pre-pregnancy-maternal-depressive-symptoms-and-low-birth-weight-and-preterm-birth-outcomes-assessment-of-adolescent-background-characteristics-and-birth-outcomes-in-adulthood
#3
Stephen Nkansah-Amankra
PURPOSE: In the United States and other countries of the world , high prevalence of pre-pregnancy depressive symptoms and depression during pregnancy is an important public health concern, as they are associated with low birth weight (LBW) and preterm birth (PTB) outcomes in adulthood. However, the relationships among pre-pregnancy depressive symptoms, low birth weight, preterm birth outcomes and household characteristics have not been well established. METHODS: The study used data from 7120 adolescent female participants in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health data from Waves I (1994-1995 in-school interview), II (1996 as in-home), III (2001-2002 as in-home interview), IV (2008 as in-home interview) and Wave V is currently underway...
December 13, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329330/obesity-and-abnormal-glucose-tolerance-in-offspring-of-diabetic-mothers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Maki Kawasaki, Naoko Arata, Celine Miyazaki, Rintaro Mori, Toru Kikuchi, Yoshihiro Ogawa, Erika Ota
BACKGROUND: Rising prevalence of childhood obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is an emerging public health issue. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of maternal hyperglycemia exposure during pregnancy with obesity and abnormal glucose tolerance in offspring, and the age at occurrence. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE for observational studies on obesity and diabetes in offspring of diabetic mothers (gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and T2DM), and those on non-diabetic mothers...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327114/anthropometric-characteristics-and-ovarian-cancer-risk-and-survival
#5
Albina N Minlikeeva, Kirsten B Moysich, Paul C Mayor, John L Etter, Rikki A Cannioto, Roberta B Ness, Kristen Starbuck, Robert P Edwards, Brahm H Segal, Sashikant Lele, Kunle Odunsi, Brenda Diergaarde, Francesmary Modugno
PURPOSE: Multiple studies have examined the role of anthropometric characteristics in ovarian cancer risk and survival; however, their results have been conflicting. We investigated the associations between weight change, height and height change and risk and outcome of ovarian cancer using data from a large population-based case-control study. METHODS: Data from 699 ovarian cancer cases and 1,802 controls who participated in the HOPE study were included. We used unconditional logistic regression adjusted for age, race, number of pregnancies, use of oral contraceptives, and family history of breast or ovarian cancer to examine the associations between self-reported height and weight and height change with ovarian cancer risk...
January 11, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326184/assessing-the-effectiveness-of-a-patient-centred-computer-based-clinic-intervention-health-e-you-salud-itu-to-reduce-health-disparities-in-unintended-pregnancies-among-hispanic-adolescents-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-control-trial
#6
Kathleen P Tebb, Felicia Rodriguez, Lance M Pollack, Sang Leng Trieu, Loris Hwang, Maryjane Puffer, Sally Adams, Elizabeth M Ozer, Claire D Brindis
INTRODUCTION: Teen pregnancy rates in the USA remain higher than any other industrialised nation, and pregnancies among Hispanic adolescents are disproportionately high. Computer-based interventions represent a promising approach to address sexual health and contraceptive use disparities. Preliminary findings have demonstrated that the Health-E You/Salud iTu, computer application (app) is feasible to implement, acceptable to Latina adolescents and improves sexual health knowledge and interest in selecting an effective contraceptive method when used in conjunction with a healthcare visit...
January 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324946/realities-and-perspectives-of-adolescent-mothers-in-their-first-pregnancy
#7
Rita de Cássia Andrade Neiva Santos, Raimunda Magalhães da Silva, Maria Veraci Oliveira Queiroz, Herla Maria Furtado Jorge, Aline Veras Morais Brilhante
OBJECTIVE: to understand the trajectory of adolescents regarding the first pregnancy, contemplating realities and perspectives. METHOD: qualitative study, based on the Schütz theoretical framework, with 30 adolescents assisted in an outpatient clinic for adolescents in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil. From the narrative interviews carried out in the first semester of 2013, in the return for the first consultation of the puerperium, the communicative processes were identified, the central ideas and units of meanings expressed in the themes were abstracted: I was dating and became pregnant; realities and perspectives...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323688/preventing-hiv-infection-what-pediatricians-should-know-about-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis
#8
Sabrina Fernandez
I recently diagnosed my first adolescent patient with new-onset HIV. As a primary care pediatrician, these cases are rare. I cried with the shock of the initial diagnosis, just as the patient did when I told him. One of my first thoughts was how could I have served him better. He had been inconsistent with condom use, and had several partners. I had encouraged safe sex practices, told him to talk to his partners about pregnancy prevention, and screened for sexually transmitted disease nearly every time he came into my office...
January 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319740/pregnancy-complications-in-brazilian-puerperal-women-treated-in-the-public-and-private-health-systems
#9
Patrícia Louise Rodrigues Varela, Rosana Rosseto de Oliveira, Emiliana Cristina Melo, Thais Aidar de Freitas Mathias
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the prevalence of pregnancy complications and sociodemographic profile of puerperal patients with complications, according to the form of financing of the childbirth service. METHOD: cross-sectional study with interview of 928 puerperal women whose childbirth was financed by the Unified Health System, health plans and private sources (other sources than the Unified Health System). The sample was calculated based on the births registered in the Information System on Live Births, stratified by hospital and form of financing of the childbirth service...
January 8, 2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307303/hormones-and-ms-risk-factors-biomarkers-and-therapeutic-targets
#10
Riley Bove, Wendy Gilmore
Sex differences in epidemiological, clinical, and pathological features of multiple sclerosis (MS) have been observed for decades, establishing a foundation for more recent progress in our understanding of their overall impact on the disease. In the ACTRIMS session on Hormones, Sex Chromosomes, and MS: Risk Factors, Biomarkers, and Therapeutic Targets, this progress was summarized in three presentations by pioneers in the field, revealing evidence that sex chromosomes, epigenetic factors, and sex hormones function as interactive determinants of disease risk and phenotype in a fashion dependent upon life stage, from prenatal development, childhood, and adolescence to adulthood and aging...
January 2018: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306980/sex-in-respiratory-and-skin-allergies
#11
REVIEW
Erminia Ridolo, Cristoforo Incorvaia, Irene Martignago, Marco Caminati, Giorgio Walter Canonica, Gianenrico Senna
A bulk of literature demonstrated that respiratory allergy, and especially asthma, is prevalent in males during childhood, while it becomes more frequent in females from adolescence, i.e., after menarche, to adulthood. The mechanisms underlying the difference between females and males are the effects on the immune response of female hormones and in particular the modulation of inflammatory response by estrogens, as well as the result of the activity of various cells, such as dendritic cells, innate lymphoid cells, Th1, Th2, T regulatory (Treg) and B regulatory (Bregs) cells, and a number of proteins and cytokines, which include interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, IL-10, and IL-13...
January 6, 2018: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304564/unexplained-cholestasis-in-adults-and-adolescents-diagnostic-benefit-of-genetic-examination
#12
Luise Aamann, Nikolaj Ørntoft, Ida Vogel, Henning Grønbaek, Naja Becher, Hendrik Vilstrup, Peter Ott, Dorte Launholt Lildballe
OBJECTIVES: A few adult and adolescent patients with even severe cholestatic liver disease remain unexplained after standard diagnostic work-up. We studied the value of genetic examination in such patients and developed a panel of eight genes with known cholestatic associations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-three patients with unexplained cholestasis despite a thorough clinical work-up were examined for sequence variations in the coding regions of the ABCB4, ABCB11, ABCC2, ABCG5, ATP8B1, JAG1, NOTCH2, and UGT1A1 genes and the promoter region of UGT1A1 by massive parallel sequencing of DNA extracted from whole blood...
January 5, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301718/-immunisation-schedule-of-the-spanish-association-of-paediatrics-2018-recommendations
#13
David Moreno-Pérez, Francisco José Álvarez García, Javier Álvarez Aldeán, María José Cilleruelo Ortega, María Garcés Sánchez, Nuria García Sánchez, Ángel Hernández Merino, María Méndez Hernández, Manuel Merino Moína, Abián Montesdeoca Melián, Jesús Ruiz-Contreras
The Advisory Committee on Vaccines of the Spanish Association of Paediatrics annually publishes the immunisation schedule considered optimal for children resident in Spain, according to available evidence on current vaccines. Regarding funded immunisations, 2+1 strategy (2, 4, 11-12 months) with hexavalent (DTPa-IPV-Hib-HB) and 13-valent pneumococcal vaccines are recommended. Administration of the 6-year booster dose with DTPa is recommended, and a poliomyelitis dose for children who had received the 2+1 scheme, as well as Tdap vaccine for adolescents and pregnant women in every pregnancy between 27 and 32 weeks' gestation...
January 2018: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300723/sexual-intercourse-among-high-school-students-29-states-and-united-states-overall-2005-2015
#14
Kathleen A Ethier, Laura Kann, Timothy McManus
Early initiation of sexual activity is associated with having more sexual partners, not using condoms, sexually transmitted infection (STI), and pregnancy during adolescence (1,2). The majority of adolescents initiate sexual activity during high school, and the proportion of high school students who have ever had sexual intercourse increases by grade; black students are more likely to have ever had sexual intercourse than are white students (3). The proportion of high school students overall who had ever had sexual intercourse did not change significantly during 1995-2005 (53...
January 5, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298693/rubella-natural-immunity-among-adolescent-girls-in-tanzania-the-need-to-vaccinate-child-bearing-aged-women
#15
Mariam M Mirambo, Mtebe Majigo, Seth D Scana, Martha F Mushi, Said Aboud, Uwe Groß, Benson R Kidenya, Stephen E Mshana
BACKGROUND: Rubella primary infection during early stages of pregnancy is associated with high risk of congenital Rubella syndrome (CRS). Prevention of CRS in the resource-limited countries requires multiple strategies. Here, we document the data on the magnitude of Rubella natural immunity among adolescent girls which is a crucial group in devising effective control strategies to prevent CRS. METHODS: A cross sectional study involving 397 adolescent girls was conducted in the city of Mwanza involving five secondary schools...
January 3, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294780/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-intimate-partner-violence-among-young-women-aged-15-to-24-years-in-india-a-social-ecological-approach
#16
Peggy Ler, Muthusamy Sivakami, Joel Monárrez-Espino
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a critical public health issue that has reached epidemic proportions. Research investigating IPV among young women in India using large-scale population data is lacking. This study examined the prevalence and factors associated with IPV among women aged 15 to 24 years in India through a social-ecological approach. This cross-sectional study analyzed data from the National Family Health Survey, a population-based survey conducted in India from 2005 to 2006. The past-year prevalence of emotional, physical, and sexual forms of IPV, among ever-married women aged 15 to 24 years were computed...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294701/elevated-risky-sexual-behaviors-among-sexual-minority-girls-indirect-risk-pathways-through-peer-victimization-and-heavy-drinking
#17
Sarah S Dermody, Mark Friedman, Deena J Chisolm, Chad M Burton, Michael P Marshal
Sexual minority girls (SMGs), compared with heterosexual females, are more likely to report negative sexual outcomes including earlier age of sexual intercourse debut, more lifetime and recent sexual partners, pregnancy involvement, and sex while intoxicated. Data describing the mechanisms related to these health disparities are limited. The purpose of this study was therefore to longitudinally assess the roles of sexual minority-related peer victimization and heavy episodic drinking (HED) as mediators of the relation between sexual minority status and sexual outcomes...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289449/-pregnancy-in-adolescents-in-the-last-11-years-reasons-for-consulting-and-risk-factors
#18
Laura María Palomino Pérez, Esther Pérez Suárez, Marta Cabrero Hernández, Ana de la Cruz Benito, Gustavo Cañedo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285947/eslicarbazepine-acetate-in-epilepsies-with-focal-and-secondary-generalised-seizures-systematic-review-of-current-evidence
#19
Laurent M Willems, Johann Philipp Zöllner, Esther Paule, Susanne Schubert-Bast, Felix Rosenow, Adam Strzelczyk
Eslicarbazepine acetate (ESL) is a third-generation antiepileptic drug (AED) approved for adjunctive treatment in adults, children, and adolescents with focal-onset seizures. Recently ESL was approved for initial monotherapy in adults. The intention of this article is to review current evidence for ESL and to summarise its pharmacological profile in comparison to other AEDs of the dibenzazepine group. Areas covered: We performed a systematic literature search in electronic databases (MEDLINE database, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Excerpta Medica dataBASE) using a combined search strategy including the following keywords: eslicarbazepine, epilepsy and seizure...
December 29, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284699/what-factors-contribute-to-postabortion-contraceptive-uptake-by-young-women-a-program-evaluation-in-10-countries-in-asia-and-sub-saharan-africa
#20
Janie Benson, Kathryn Andersen, Joan Healy, Dalia Brahmi
BACKGROUND: Unintended pregnancy disproportionately affects young women and adolescents in developing countries. The abortion care setting offers a unique opportunity for adolescents and young women to access a full range of contraceptive services. This evaluation assesses the factors that influence contraceptive uptake among adolescents and young women seeking abortion care in health facilities. METHODS: Following provider training, we analyzed client log book data from 921,918 abortion care cases in 4,881 health facilities in 10 countries from July 2011 through June 2015...
December 28, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
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