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Adolescent pregnancy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916171/neurobehavioral-assessment-of-mice-following-repeated-oral-exposures-to-domoic-acid-during-prenatal-development
#1
Motohiro Shiotani, Toby B Cole, Sungwoo Hong, Julie Ju Young Park, William C Griffith, Thomas M Burbacher, Tomomi Workman, Lucio G Costa, Elaine M Faustman
Domoic acid (DA) is an algal toxin which has been associated with significant neurotoxicity in humans, non-human primates, rodents, and marine mammals. Developmental exposure to DA is believed to result in neurotoxicity that may persist into adulthood. DA is produced by harmful algal blooms of Pseudo-nitzschia, raising concerns about the consumption of contaminated seafood. We evaluated oral exposures to DA during pregnancy in mice. Doses of 0 (vehicle), 1 or 3mg/kg/d of DA were administered by gavage to C57BL/6J mice on gestational days 10 to 17...
September 12, 2017: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915771/low-back-pain-with-impact-at-17-years-of-age-is-predicted-by-early-adolescent-risk-factors-from-multiple-domains-analysis-of-the-western-australian-pregnancy-cohort-raine-study
#2
Anne Smith, Darren Beales, Peter O'Sullivan, Natasha Bear, Leon Straker
Study Design Prospective cohort study of the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study. Background Low back pain (LBP) commonly develops in adolescence and is a significant risk factor for adult LBP. A broad range of factors have been associated with the development of adolescent LBP, but prior literature has limitations related to characterisation of LBP and scope of risk factors considered. Objective This study aimed to identify potential factors contributing to the development of LBP with and without impact at 17 years of age, utilising a broad range of exposures at 14...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915113/causative-factors-for-sexual-and-reproductive-health-status-of-pregnant-adolescent-girls-in-urban-communities-of-lagos-nigeria
#3
Yetunde A Kuyinu, Toriola T Femi-Adebayo, Babatunde A Odugbemi, Elochukwu E Ukatu
Background The overall goal of this study was to determine the causative factors for pregnancy status in adolescent girls in two communities in the Lagos Island local government area. Methods A mixed methods (quantitative and qualitative) study reviewing routine health facility antenatal care (ANC) records and conducting focus group discussions among 46 pregnant adolescents, exploring their views about sex, contraception, pregnancy and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services, was carried out. Key informant interviews were also carried out among healthcare workers and community members to assess their perceptions of adolescents' SRH problems...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893746/demographic-profile-and-pregnancy-outcomes-of-adolescents-and-older-mothers-in-saudi-arabia-analysis-from-riyadh-mother-rahma-and-baby-cohort-study
#4
Amel A Fayed, Hayfaa Wahabi, Heba Mamdouh, Reham Kotb, Samia Esmaeil
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of maternal age on pregnancy outcomes with special emphasis on adolescents and older mothers and to investigate the differences in demographic profile between adolescents and older mothers. METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis of pregnancy outcomes of women in Riyadh Mother and Baby cohort study according to maternal age. The study population was grouped according to maternal age into five subgroups; <20, 20-29, 30-34, 35-39 and 40+years...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888919/patterns-of-perinatal-depression-and-stress-in-late-adolescent-and-young-adult-mothers
#5
Rosamar Torres, Deepika Goyal, Amanda C Burke-Aaronson, Caryl L Gay, Kathryn A Lee
OBJECTIVE: To compare symptoms of depression, maternal adjustment, and perceived stress in late adolescent and young adult mothers and to examine the patterns of these symptoms during the first 3 months after birth. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of extant longitudinal data. SETTING: San Francisco Bay Area, with participants in their home environments. PARTICIPANTS: Ethnically diverse women expecting their first infants recruited during the third trimester from childbirth education classes and antenatal clinics...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886563/prenatal-anxiety-effects-a-review
#6
Tiffany Field
This review is based on literature on prenatal anxiety effects that was found on Pubmed and PsycINFO for the years 2010-2016. Prenatal anxiety is thought to have distinct features, although it has been measured both by specific prenatal anxiety symptoms as well as by standardized anxiety scales. Its prevalence has ranged from 21 to 25% and it has been predicted by a number of pregnancy - related variables such as unintended pregnancy, demographic variables such as low acculturation and income and psychosocial factors including pessimism and partner tension...
September 5, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882681/provider-communication-with-adolescent-and-young-females-during-sexual-and-reproductive-health-visits-findings-from-the-2011-2015-national-survey-of-family-growth
#7
Nicole Liddon, Riley J Steiner, Gladys M Martinez
OBJECTIVE: National guidelines advise providers to counsel patients about contraception and condom use during sexual and reproductive health care visits. This study assesses provider communication with adolescent and young women about birth control, emergency contraception, and condoms during such visits. STUDY DESIGN: Using data from sexually active 15-24year old women participating in the 2011-2015 National Survey of Family Growth, we examined prevalence of provider communication about birth control, emergency contraception and condoms when receiving other sexual and reproductive health services in the past year...
September 4, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882411/prenatal-stress-induced-impairments-of-cognitive-flexibility-and-bidirectional-synaptic-plasticity-are-possibly-associated-with-autophagy-in-adolescent-male-offspring
#8
Hui Zhang, Yingchun Shang, Xi Xiao, Mei Yu, Tao Zhang
Prenatal stress (PS) brings numerous outcomes on offspring, including anxiety, depression-like behavior and other cognitive disorder. In this study, a rat model of PS was established by using restraint stress for 45min three times per day from the 15th to 21st day of pregnancy. Behavioral tests, including open field test (OPT), elevated plus-maze (EPM) and Morris water-maze (MWM), were performed in adolescent male-offspring. The bidirectional synaptic plasticity, including long-term potential (LTP) and depotentiation (DEP), from the hippocampal Schaffer collaterals to CA1 region was subsequently measured...
September 4, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877895/trajectories-of-maternal-weight-from-before-pregnancy-through-postpartum-and-associations-with-childhood-obesity
#9
Stephanie A Leonard, Kathleen M Rasmussen, Janet C King, Barbara Abrams
Background: Prepregnancy body mass index [BMI (in kg/m(2))], gestational weight gain, and postpartum weight retention may have distinct effects on the development of child obesity, but their combined effect is currently unknown.Objective: We described longitudinal trajectories of maternal weight from before pregnancy through the postpartum period and assessed the relations between maternal weight trajectories and offspring obesity in childhood.Design: We analyzed data from 4436 pairs of mothers and their children in the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 (1981-2014)...
September 6, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876313/using-multiple-outcomes-of-sexual-behavior-to-provide-insights-into-chlamydia-transmission-and-the-effectiveness-of-prevention-interventions-in-adolescents
#10
Eva Andrea Enns, Szu-Yu Kao, Katy Backes Kozhimannil, Judith Kahn, Jill Farris, Shalini L Kulasingam
BACKGROUND: Mathematical models are important tools for assessing prevention and management strategies for sexually transmitted infections. These models are usually developed for a single infection and require calibration to observed epidemiological trends in the infection of interest. Incorporating other outcomes of sexual behavior into the model, such as pregnancy, may better inform the calibration process. METHODS: We developed a mathematical model of chlamydia transmission and pregnancy in Minnesota adolescents aged 15 to 19 years...
June 20, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875878/facilitating-access-to-adolescent-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-through-legislative-reform-lessons-from-the-south-african-experience
#11
A Strode, Z Essack
South Africa (SA) has progressive legislation enabling adolescents to access various sexual- and reproductive-health services (SRH) independently, without consent from parents or legal guardians. This article reviews the SA legislative framework for adolescent access to SRH interventions. It outlines the five approaches adopted in current legislation to address adolescents' capacity to independently consent to specified health interventions, based on age, capacity and public policy requirements, or combinations thereof...
August 25, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870047/-expert-consensus-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-patients-with-gitelman-syndrome
#12
(no author information available yet)
Gitelman syndrome (GS) is an autosomal recessive, salt-losing tubulopathy caused by inactivating mutations in the SLC12A3 gene that encodes the thiazide-sensitive sodium-chloride cotransporter (NCC). GS is characterized by hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis, hypomagnesemia and hypocalciuria. GS is one of the most common inherited renal tubulopathy with a prevalence estimated at about one to ten per 40 000 people. The prevalence of GS is even higher in Asia than other countries. The majority of GS patients present mild and nonspecific symptoms during adolescence or adulthood...
September 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863752/divergent-preferences-for-hiv-prevention-a-discrete-choice-experiment-for-multipurpose-hiv-prevention-products-in-south-africa
#13
Matthew Quaife, Robyn Eakle, Maria A Cabrera Escobar, Peter Vickerman, Maggie Kilbourne-Brook, Mercy Mvundura, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe, Fern Terris-Prestholt
BACKGROUND: The development of antiretroviral (ARV)-based prevention products has the potential to substantially change the HIV prevention landscape; yet, little is known about how appealing these products will be outside of clinical trials, as compared with the existing options. METHODS: We conducted a discrete choice experiment (DCE) to measure preferences for 5 new products among 4 important populations in the HIV response: adult men and women in the general population (aged 18 to 49 y), adolescent girls (aged 16 to 17 y), and self-identifying female sex workers (aged 18 to 49 y)...
September 1, 2017: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861892/sociodemographic-clinical-and-functional-long-term-outcomes-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-mental-disorders
#14
E Asselmann, H-U Wittchen, R Lieb, K Beesdo-Baum
OBJECTIVE: To examine unfavorable sociodemographic, clinical, and functional long-term outcomes for a range of adolescent mental disorders. METHODS: A total number of 2210 adolescents and young adults (14-24 years at baseline, T0) from a representative community sample were prospectively followed up (T1-T3) over 10 years. DSM-IV mental disorders, sociodemographic, clinical, and functional outcomes were assessed using the DIA-X/M-CIDI and its embedded assessment modules...
August 31, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859627/genetics-of-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescence
#15
Hannah Sallis, Jonathan Evans, Robyn Wootton, Eva Krapohl, Albertine J Oldehinkel, George Davey Smith, Lavinia Paternoster
BACKGROUND: Despite many attempts to understand the genetic architecture of depression, little progress has been made. The majority of these studies, however, have been carried out in adults and do not account for the potential influence of development. METHODS: The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) is a longitudinal pregnancy cohort which recruited participants between April 1991 and December 1992. Analyses were replicated in two independent European cohorts...
August 31, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852528/an-outline-of-anemia-among-adolescent-girls-in-bangladesh-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Sabuj Kanti Mistry, Fatema Tuz Jhohura, Fouzia Khanam, Fahmida Akter, Safayet Khan, Fakir Md Yunus, Md Belal Hossain, Kaosar Afsana, Md Raisul Haque, Mahfuzar Rahman
BACKGROUND: Anemia is a significant wide spread public health threat especially among the adolescent girls who are more vulnerable towards low level of hemoglobin particularly of low and middle income countries (LMICs). We investigated the prevalence of anemia among the adolescent girls (10-19 years) in Bangladesh and its socio-demographics distribution. METHODS: We collected data digitally in ODK platform from a sub-sample of a nationwide cross-sectional survey of 1314 adolescent girls in 2015...
2017: BMC Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851533/in-utero-exposure-to-malaria-is-associated-with-metabolic-traits-in-adolescence-the-agogo-2000-birth-cohort-study
#17
George Bedu-Addo, Marie Alicke, Justice K Boakye-Appiah, Inusah Abdul-Jalil, Markus van der Giet, Matthias B Schulze, Frank P Mockenhaupt, Ina Danquah
OBJECTIVES: Malaria in pregnancy (MiP) contributes to fetal undernutrition and adverse birth outcomes, and may constitute a developmental origin of metabolic diseases in the offspring. In a Ghanaian birth cohort, we examined the relationships between MiP-exposure and metabolic traits in adolescence. METHODS: MiP at delivery was assessed in 155 mother-child pairs. Among the now teenaged children (mean age, 14.8 years; 53% male), we measured fasting plasma glucose (FPG), body mass index (BMI), and systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP)...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851474/maternal-pre-pregnancy-bmi-and-offspring-body-composition-in-young-adulthood-the-modifying-role-of-offspring-sex-and-birth-order
#18
M Pia Chaparro, Ilona Koupil, Liisa Byberg
OBJECTIVE: To investigate if the association between maternal pre-pregnancy BMI and offspring's body composition in late adolescence and young adulthood varies by offspring birth order and sex. DESIGN: Family cohort study, with data from registers, questionnaires and physical examinations. The main outcome under study was offspring body composition (percentage fat mass (%FM), percentage lean mass (%LM)) measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. SETTING: Uppsala, Sweden...
August 30, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846969/effects-of-maternal-exposure-to-bisphenol-af-on-emotional-behaviors-in-adolescent-mice-offspring
#19
Miao Gong, Ziqing Huai, Han Song, Lingyu Cui, Qingjun Guo, Juan Shao, Yuan Gao, Haishui Shi
Exposure to bisphenol A (BPA), one kind of environmental endocrine disruptors (EEDs), exerted significantly detrimental effects on neuro-endocrinological system and related disorders, such as memory dysfunction and depression. Bisphenol AF (BPAF),a newly introduced chemical structurally related to BPA, is used extensively. BPAF has stronger estrogenic activities than BPA. However, the potential neurotoxicological effects of BPAF are still elusive. The present study aimed to investigate the potential effects of maternal BPAF exposure during pregnancy on emotional behaviors of adolescent mice offspring...
August 25, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835911/perceptions-of-adolescent-pregnancy-among-teenage-girls-in-rakai-uganda
#20
Christina Maly, Katherine A McClendon, Joy Noel Baumgartner, Neema Nakyanjo, William George Ddaaki, David Serwadda, Fred Kakaire Nalugoda, Maria J Wawer, Erika Bonnevie, Jennifer A Wagman
The leading causes of death and disability among Ugandan female adolescents aged 15 to 19 years are pregnancy complications, unsafe abortions, and childbirth. Despite these statistics, our understanding of how girls perceive adolescent pregnancy is limited. This qualitative study explored the social and contextual factors shaping the perceptions of adolescent pregnancy and childbirth among a sample of 12 currently pregnant and 14 never pregnant girls living in the rural Rakai District of Uganda. Interviews were conducted to elicit perceived risk factors for pregnancy, associated community attitudes, and personal opinions on adolescent pregnancy...
January 2017: Global Qualitative Nursing Research
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